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professed Disputants, who being wholly taken up with the desire of coming off with the victory, fortify themselves behind the ambiguitý of a word, to give their adversaries-the more trouble. And whenever he had to deal with this fort of folks, if he did not beforehand take a strong resolution of keeping his temper, he quickly fell into a paffion. And in general, it must be own'd, he was naturally somewhat cholerick. But his anger never lasted long. If he retained any resentment, it was against him. felf for having given way to so ridiculous a passion; which, as he used to say, may do a great deal of harm, but never yet did the least good. He often wou'd blame himself for this weakness. Upon which occasioni I itmember: that two or three weeks before his death, as he was sitting in a garden, taking the air in a bright fun-fhine, whose warmth afforded him a great deal of pleasure, which he improved as much as possible, by causing his chair to be drawn more and more towards the fun as it went down ý we happened to speak of HoRACE, I know not on what occasion, and having repeated to him these verses, where that Poet says of himself, that he was
Solibus aptum ; trasci celerem, tamen ut placabilis eflem:
« that he loved the warmth of the sun, and " that tho he was naturally cholerick, his an“ ger' was easily appeased”: Mr. Locke replicd, that if he durft presume to compare himself with HORACE in any thing, he thought he was perfc&tly like him in those two respects. But that you may be the less surpriz'd at his modesty upon
this occasion, I must at the same time inform you, that he looked upon HoRACE to be one of the wisest and happiest Romans, that lived in the age of AUGUSTUS, by means of the care he took to preserve himfelf clear of ambition and avarice, to keep his desires within bounds, and to cultivate the friendship of the greatest men of thofe times, without living in their dependance.
Mr. Locke also disliked thofe Authors that labour only to destroy, without establishing any thing themselves.
“ A Building, said he, dif« pleases them. They find great faults in it: « let them demolish it and welcome, provided « they endeavour to raise another in its place, w if it be possible.
He advised, that whenever we have meditated any thing new, we shou'd throw it as soon as possible upon paper, in order to be the better able to judge of it by seeing it all together; because the mind of man is not capable of retaining clearly a long chain of consequences, and of feeing without confusion the relation of a great number of different Ideas. Besides it often happens, that what we had most admired, when conGdered in the gross and in a perplex'd manner, appears to be utterly inconsistent and unsupportable, when we see every part of it diftinctly.
disor Mr. Locke also thought it necessary, always to communicate ones thoughts to fome Friend, especially if one proposed to offer them to the public: and this was what he constantly observed himself. He cou'd hardly conceive, how á Being of so limited a capacity as Man, and so subject to error; cou'd have the confi. dence to neglect this precaution.
Never man employ'd his time better than Mr. Locke, as appeårs by the Works he published himself; and perhaps in time we may see new proofs of it. He spent the last fourteen or fifteen years of his life at Oates, a country seat of Sir FRANCIS MASHAM's, about five and twenty miles from London, in the County of Essex. I cannot but take pleasure in imagining to my felf, that this place, so well known to so many persons of merit, whom I have seen come thither from so many parts of England to visit Mr. Locke; will be famous to posterity for the long abode that great man made there. Be that as it may, it was there that enjoying sometimes the conversation of his friends, and always the company of my Lady
MASHAM, for whom Mr. Locke had long conceived a very particular esteem and friends, ship (in spite of all chat. Lady’s merit; this is all the elogium The shall have of me now) he tasta ed sweets which were interrupted by nothing but the ill state of a weakly and delicate constitution, During this agreeable retirement, he applied himself especially to the study of the Holy Scripture ; and employed the last years of his life in hardly any thing else. He was never weary, pf, admiring the great views of that fas
Book, and the just relation of all its parts. be every day ntade discoveries in it, that gave him fresh cause of admiration. It is strongly reported in England, that those discoveries will be communicated to the Publiço. If SQI the whole world, I am confident, will þave a full proof of what was observed by all that were near Mr. Lock to the laft part of his life; I mean, that his Mind never suffered the least decay,, tho’his Body, grew every day, visibly weaker, and weaker, sort 1. His strength began to fail him more remark, ably than ever, at the entrance of the last fum mers; a season, which in former- years had always restored him some degrees of strength, Then, he forefaw that þis end was very near, He often spoke of it hinfelf, but always with great composure; tho he omitted none of the precautions, which his fill in Phyfic taught
him, to prolong his life. At length, his legs began to swell ; and that swelling encreasing every day, his ftrength diminished very visibly. He then saw how short a time he had left to live, and prepared to quit this world, with a deep sense of all the blessings which God had granted him, which he took delight in numbering up to his friends, and full of a sincere resignation to his will, and of firm hopes in his promises, built upon the word jof Jesus CHRIST, fent into the world to bring to light Life and Immortality, by his Gospel,
At-length his strength failed him to such a degree, that the 26th of october 1704,' two days before his Death, going to sec him in his closet, I found him on his knees, but unable to rise again without affiftance.s.de
The next day, tho? he was not worse, he wou'd continue a-będı. All that day, he had a greațes difficulty of respiration than ever, and about five of the clock in the evening, he fell into a sweat, accompanied with an extreme weakness, that made us fear for his life. He was of opinion himself that he was not far from his last moment. Then he desired to be rememþred at evening Prayers: thereupon my Lady MĄSH AM told him, that if he wou'd, the whole Family Hou'd come and pray by him in his chamber. He answered he shou'd be very glad to have it so, if it wou'd not give too