صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

(1)

THE

FUNDAMENTAL

CONSTITUTIONS

OF

CAROLINA

UR SOVEREIGN LORD THE King having out of His Roy. al Grace and Bounty, granted unto us the Province of CA

ROLINÁ, with all the Royalties, Proprieties, Jurisdictions, and Priyileges of a County Palatine, as large and ample as the County Palatine of Durham, with other great Privileges : for the better settlement of the Government of the said place, and establishing the interest of the

B

Lords

Lords Proprietors with equality, and without confusion; and that the Government of this Province may be made most agreeable to the Monarchy under which we live, and of which this Province is a part ; and that we . may avoid erecting a numerous Democracy : We the Lords and Proprietors of the Province aforesaid, have agreed to this following Form of Government, to be perpetually establish'd amongst us, unto which we do oblige our selves, our Heirs and Successors, in the most binding ways that can be devised.

TH

1. HE eldest of the Lords Proprietors

shall be Palatine; and upon the decease of the Palatine, the eldest of the seven surviying Proprietors shall always succeed him.

There therals, Chamberlains, erected, Chancellors, Constables, Chief Justices, High Stewards, and Treasurers; which places shall be enjoyed by none but the Lords Proprietors, to be assigned at first by Lot; and apon the vacancy of any one of the seven

II. There shall be seven other chief Offices

great

great Offices by death or otherwise, the eldest Proprietor shall have his choice of the said place.

III. The whole Province shall be divided in to Corinties : each County shall consist of eight Signiories, eight Baronies, and four Precinēts : each Precinct shall consist of fix Colonies.

IV. Each Signiory, Barony, and Colony, shall consist of twelve thousand Acres; the eight Signiories being the share of the eight Pro prietors, and the eight Baronies of the No bility ; both which shares being each of them one fifth part of the whole, are to be perpe- . tually annexed, the one to the Proprietors, the other to the hereditary Nobility, leaving the Colonies; being three fifths, amongst the People: that so in setting out, and planting the Lands, the balance of the Government may be preserved.

V. At any time before the year one thoufand seven hundred and one, any of the Lords Proprietors shall have power to relinquishi; alienate, and dispose to any other persons his Proprietorship, and all the Signiories, Powers, and Interest thereunto belonging, wholly and entirely together, and not otherwise. But after the year one thousand seven hundred, those who are then Lords Proprietors, shall not have power to alienate or make over their Proprietorship, with the Signiories and Privileges thereunto belonging, or any part thereof, to any person whatsoever, otherwise than as in $. XVIII: but it shall all descend unto their Heirs male; and for want of Heirs male, it shall all descend on that Landgrave or Cassique of CAROLİNA; who is descended of the next Heirs female of the Proprietor ; and for want of such Heirs, it shall descend on the next Heir general; and for want of such Heirs, the remaining seven Proprietors fhall upon the vacancy, chuse a Landgrave to succeed the deceased Proprietor, who being chosen by the majority of the seven surviving Proprietors,' he and his Heirs successively shall be Proprietors, as fully to all intents and purposes as any of the rest.

VI. That the number of eight Proprietors may be constantly kept; if upon the vacancy of

any

any Proprietorship, the seven surviving Proprietors shall not chuse a Landgrave to be a Proprietor, before the second biennial Parliament after the vacancy; then the next biennial Parliament but one after such vacancy, shall have power to chuse any Landgrave to be a Proprietor.

VII. Whosoever after the year one thousand feven hundred, either by inheritance or choice, shall succeed any Proprietor in his Proprietorship, and Signiories thereunto belonging; shall be obliged to take the Name and Arms of that Proprietor whom he succeeds: which from thenceforth shall be the Name and Arms of his Family and their posterity.

VIII. Whatsoever Landgrave or Cassique shall any way come to be a Proprietor, shall take the Signiories annexed to the said Proprietorship: but his former Dignity, with the Baronies annexed, shall devolve into the hands of the Lords Proprietors.

IX. There shall be just as many Landgraves as there are Counties, and twice as many Carfiques, and no more. These shall be the he.

reditary

B 3

« السابقةمتابعة »