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adorned with one of the most elegant goth- | try. I have seen no pate of America that ic cathedrals in England, with a spire of can be compared with this and some other beautiful symmetrv, four hundred feet high parts of England, in point of rural beauty. We were highly interested in this dav's ride The hills are cultivated and covered to their in passing over the almost boundless expanse highest elevations, with the freshest verdure of " Salisbury Plain.” This is a fine land for and S4 variegated in consequence of the grazing, and thousands, I may safely say teus different species of crops, as to exhibit all the of thousands of acres are still appropriated richness and elegance of the most charming to the shepherds and their sheep. The small landscape. The fine yellow fields of waving huts or siraw-thatched cottages, he e and wheat, the light green meadows, newly and there scattered over this extended lawi , the neatly mown, and the luxuriant and still solitary sheperd, with his staff or crook and deeper green crops of peas and oats, and he his active little dog, watching his flock, ex whole divided into fields of unequal size, by hibited an illustration of pastoral life, which straight thick fences of hawthorn hedge, and we often read of, but I believe never see in watered by numerous springs and rivulets, Ainerica. All the interesting associations give to the natural scenery a charn) which no connected with Mrs. More's pathetic story one can adequately describe, and some plausof the "Shepherd of Salisbury plain,” were re- ibility to the fancital remark that, vived, and I contess I was much happier in Isle of Wight was the only portion of the the contemplation of the scenery and its sto- world which escaped the curse.”
About a ry, than I can imagine I shall be in viewing mile before reaching the church at Arreton, the field of Waterloo, which if Providence the road assumes a gradual descent, and permits, I hope to visit a few weeks hence. th vugh perfectly sinooth, is narrow and We arrived at Southampton at four o'clock hemmed in on both sides, by artificial banks, P. M. This is a pretty watering place, with covered with a hedge of sweet briar and hawa a populution of about fourteen thousand, thorn. In ihe line of these hedges, are large situated at the extremity of an arm of the trees of elm and oak, so that the path is sca, which separates it from the Isle of quite hidden from the sun, and the surroundWiglit. It was once a fortified city, as is ing fields from the traveller. As we emerged still manifested by its huge gates and crumb- from this extensive and beautiful arbor, the ling arches. Southampton was the birth church appeared immediately in view on a place of the immortal songsters, (alas how slight elevation to the left of the road. It is unlike are their songs,) Dr. Watts and Dib- a low Gothic building, obriously of great din. And this you will remember was the age, being covered with moss and ivy, and in place where Canut rebuked his flattering despite of the care with which the English courtiers when the disobedient tide washed protect these relics of ages gone by, some his royal feet.
parts are dilapidated, and the whole rapidly On the morning of the 5th, we took pas- going to decay. It stands in the centre of a sage in the steamboat for West Cowes, ten small burying ground, filled with the broken miles distant, on the Isle of Wight. We and cruinbling memorials of the dead. Here passed the beautiful ruins of Netly Abbey lie the remains of the “ Dairyman's Daughion our left, three miles below Southamp-ter. ton, and reached Cowes in an hour and a We left the coach and proceeded up an half. Thence we proceeded directly to ascent of about ten rods to the gate opening Newport, the principal town upon the Isand, into the sacred enclosure
Here were at and lying about five miles farther down on least a dozen children eager to lead the way the eastern shore. At twelve o'clock at to the grave of Elizabeth Wallbridge. From noon we left Newport to visit the entire the well trodden foot-path and the appeareastern aud southern parts of the island. ance of the contiguous earth, I presume it There had been a sprinkling of rain in the is visited by great numbers. A plain white morning-just enough to moisten the roads marble slab stands at the head of her grave, and refresh the fields, and now a serene on which is inscribed her name, age, &c., bland atmosphere and a cloudless sy, gave together with the poetic lines which, if I reto the face of nature, indescribable bright-collect right, close bier narrative, by Legh ness and beauty. We pursued our way Richm ind. From the length of the grave, I through Standen and Pitrsford towards the should suppose Elizabeth to have been above village of Arreton ; leaving the frowning ma- the ordinary stature; it is very suitably covjestic ruins of Carrisbrook Castle, high onered with the thick green grass, though a solour right. The road winds its way through itary thistle was starting up in the midst, as the surrounding hills in all this part of the if on purpose lo intrude, at this solemn place island, with such romantic and charming ir- and moment, the unwelcome truth, that the regularity, skirted as it is with fields of sur- curse still lingers upon the earth, even in passing fertility and beauty, that one might this tranquil spot, consecrated by associations suppose it constructed to heighten the effects" with less of earth in them than heaven." of the natural scenery, rather than to obviate I hastily plucked it up, as it seened to have the inconveniencies of a somewhat hilly coun-'no business there, buć then, thought I, do
thiy worst, thou emblem of sin-thou fruit of brother, the only surviving member of the iniquity, do thy worst ; thy reign is but short amily.' I have but an imperfect recollection and powerless here; her spirit is already hes of the account given of this beautifut road in yond thine influence; and even these few the “ Dai yman's Daughter," yet I know the perishing remains, over which thou would-e impression, in my mni, has heen, that there still have dominion, shall soon“ be raso was less truth in t than poet y; but after visincorruptible.” Through faub in the Lord iting the pit any examining for myselt much Jesus Christ, her soul triumphed over death of its scenery, I am now ready io believe, and the grave, and by the power of his spirit that, to say the least, there is no adventitious shall these remnants of mortality put on coloring in the descriptive part of the whole immortality," and "in a mom nt, in the story. It is about two miles from the twinkling of an eye, be changed" in a spirito church-vard to the ('ottage, and it would be ual body, that shall live and dwell rith Christoiffi ult for the imagın:tion to porture more in celestial glory.
delightiul scenery than is presented on the
wav, especially at this season of the year, Hannah, the sister, to whose funeral Eliz- when every field is clothed with the richest, abeth invited Mr. Richmond at the time freshest verdure. A small garden or enclotheir acquaintance commenced, lies on the
sure, filled with shruberry, lies in front of left side of Elizabeth. She died in 1800, and the house, so that we could not get a distinct was 27 years old. A small stone is erected
it from the coach. We passed to her memory. Elizabeth died the May fol- through a small gate into the little garden, lowing, the Mother the next September, and and a few steps, by a winding foot-path, the Father in 1816. The parents are buried brought us to the door, where we were met on the right of the daughters. While retra- y a short sprightly healthy looking female cing our path to the coach, I was musing about tirev years old. “Walk in," said she : upon the niysterious providence that had “Is this the house where the Dairyman's given such deep interest and almost unpar- Daughter lived,” said I : "yes Sir," she analleled celebrity to the character and mem, swered, that is Elizabeth's brother-he is ory of this humble family. How happened my husband," pointing to a inan sitting in a it that the Parish Minister of Arreton was chair with his feet upon a small bench, and unable to officiate at the funeral of Hannah who was obviously unable to rise. We made that Elizabeth should have directed her many enquiries about the family, and espethoughts to Mr. Richmond as a suitable sub-cially about Elizabeth. They spoke of her stitute on chat occasion, and that he should affectionately, and gave the most satisfactory have written the simple tract which has al- answers to our enquiries; but they appeared ready been the means of converting hud- to be in a great mea,ure ignorant of the cedreds of souls, and in all probability will be lebrity which had been conferred upon her still further inst:umental in the conver- and the family by Mr. Richmond's tract. sion of thousands ? Surely it was not the re- They evinced inuch feeling and gratitude in sult of chunce, “ It is not in man that walk-speaking of Mr. R. said he was a kind good eth to direct his steps.". It was accomplish. man, and very friendly to poor people. His ed by no selfish unhallowed design. This printed miniature, in a plain cheap frame, poor girl never sought for fame;"but God was suspended over the fire place so as to aphath chosen the foolish things of the world pear conspicuous among the little pictures lo copiound the wise, and the weak things of that ornainented the room.
The surviving the world to confound the things which are brother or Elizabeth is now sixty years old, inighty." Others may feel differently from and has been an invalid, in consequence of myself; may, perhaps, think mine an ill-timed an incurable disease or his legs and feet, for sensibility; but I confess my feelings have many years. I asked him if he believed and been more deeply interested in contempla- trusted in his sister's religion. He answered, ring the character of the Dairyman's Daugh- “ Yes, I do, and I hope I shall not be disapter as I stood hy her grave, than they have pointed." 'In Elizabeth's bible her name been by all the splendid monuments of Kings was written upon the inside of the cover, in and Princes in Westminster Abbey. And her own hand. in the famoily bible, which while the spectator is now nore interested
was also examined, was recorded the names, in esamining the efforts of human genius to ages and death of the parents and daughters, preserve the memory of these mighty dead, and of a number of their inmediate predethan he is with any thing appertaining to their history; he cannot but ieel and ac
The cottage is but one story high-old and knowledge á sentiment of a higher and sub- weather-worn without, and thatched with limer nature, as he reviews the meek and straw. In the little garden in front of it, unostentatious character, the filial affection are a few, thick clusters of hazel-nuts,-two) and christian confidence and submission of
or three large ash trees, * a cherry tree, the Elizabeth Wallbridge.
In the Dairyman's Daughter these are said On resuming our journey we directed our
to be walnut trees. It may be so. I have not way to the Cottage where Elizabeth lived thought it best to alter my original manuscript and died, and which is now occupied by ber for the sake of agreement,
From the Journal of Health,
limbs of which have been trained to attach dle such subline and huly emotions. themselves tu the side of the house, and thus sea-sand was our floor, the heavens were our to run over it like a vine, and a number of roof, the cliffs, the rocks, the hills, and the culinary vegetables. The inside is neat and waves formed the walls of our chamber.” comfortable for a small family. The walls “ It was not indeed” continues Mr, R, “a were neatly white-washed and hung round place where prayer was wont to be made, with a few 'scriptural pictures, and a small but for this once, it became a hallowed spot : book-case was suspended froin it in one cor- - The presence of God was there. I prayed. ner of the room containing some fitteen or The African rept. His heart was lull. I twenty religious books. A low flight of stairs felt with him, and wept likewise." led us to the chamber where the sisters died. It is divided by a transverse partition, into two equal apartments, each lighted by a mall
FRICTIONS OF THE SKIN. window in the gable end. The bed on which Elizabeth died was standing at the head of a formal manner of the advantages of fric
We have not as yet, we believe, treated in the stairs in the west end of the house and I tions to the surface, as a means of preserve the family told us it had never been removed ing health ; though we have occasionally adsince her death. Although her sister occu- verted to them incidentally. pied the other apartment, yet both are so Small--the roof being very low-that they accustomed to daily exercise of the most ac
There are few persons, even those who are must have afforded but uncomfortable ac
tive kind, in the open air, who will not find commodation for the sick and their necessa
their health improved and their pleasurable ry attendants. There are about six acres of land attached to the tenement, on which the sensations increased, by frictions of the skin, family keep a few
cows ; and upon these with a flesh brush or coarse towel, regularly they still mainly depend for a living. We employed. The ancients placed so high a added our names to a multitude ut others value on this species of exercise, as they terregistered in ar. album kept for the purpose out it.' Servants (strigillati,) with all the im
med it, that they scarce passed a day with-gave them a parting gift and left them
plements necessary for pract:sing it, were to with many blessings.
be found at all the public baths, and in many During the events recorded in the Dairy- private mansions. Diligent friction of the man's Daughter, Mr. Richmond was the set-Skin, is said to have been one of the means tled ministr of Brading, which lies about which Cicero used to restore his health, after five miles north-east of Arreton. In the he had become so reduced, that his friends church-yard of Brading is the tomb of the and physicians advised to leave off pleading. “ Young COTTAGER;" the subject of another By the moderns, but little attention is paid interesting tract by the same excellent au- to the useful prac ice. Many who keep chor. This place we did nt visit, but passed grooms to curry and rub down their horses, on through Brenston tu Shanklin, an incon
and who are particularly cautious to see siderable village but distinguished for one of that in respect to these animals neither is the principai curiosities of the island. It is neglected for a single day, wonld, themselves, a wild picturesque chasm or ravine, called escape some of the uneasy feelings to which * the Chine.” It commences near the main they are occasionally subjected by bodily intoad, which runs parallel with the shore, and firinities, and add nut a few years to their about a quarter of a mile distant from it. comfortable existence, were they to apply The descent, is part of the way, very steep; frictions to their own bodies might and day. and the chasm has been formed by the al- Few are ignorant of the great importance of trition of the water running down from the currying, in rendering horses sleek, and gay, road into the bay. It grows gradually wider and supple in all their linbs; without it, and deeper as it approaches the sea till it fi- however much and good the food allowed nally exhibits a dark and ieartul-looking gult, them, they will seldom be found in good coniwo bundred and seventy feet wide and one dition. Now, precisely the saine effects will hundred and seventy-five feet deep. Its result from frictions of the skin in the hubanks and bottom are irregularly formed, man subject, especially after the use of an and thickly covered with dark luxuriant appropriate bath, or often sponging the body shrubbery. For the convenience of visitors, with cool or tepid water. In both the horse foot-paths have been constructed on both and man it acts on precisely the same princisides of the" Chine," which lead down to the ples. It removes i horoughly from the surbeautiful beach below. It was on this beach | face every species of inpurity which may achemmed in on one side by a high perpendic-cidentally adhere :o it-promotes the freeular range of white sand stone, and on the dom of the blood's circulation in the minute other washed by the tranquil waters of San. vessels of the skin, and insures the regular down Bay, that Mr. Richosond had bis sec- and perfect perforinance of the important ond interview with the pious “ African ser-functions of that organ. It promotes the vant.” It is a spot well suited or such a grooth and development of the muscles-inheaven-like meeting-well calculated to kin vigorates the digestive organs, and imparts a
comfortable glow and an increased energy the boundaries of his neighbors. In one of to the whole system, by which it is rendered these excursions, a Highlanil shepherd carried less liable, during the cold aud changeable with bim a little child about three years old. weather, to become affected with disease. This is a common practice among the shepThe ancients, it is said, had the art of ren- herds, who do it in order to accustom their dering fat people lean, and those that were children to the rigors of the climate and the emaciated fleshy, partly by means of a pro- hardships of their situation. After traversing per course of active exercise gererally, but his pastures for some time, attended by his more especially by the diligent use of fric-dog, the shepherd found himself under the tions of the skin.
necessity of ascending a summit at some disThough useful to all, frictions are pecul- | tance. As the ascent was too tiresomne for larly adapted to increase the health and vig- the child, he left him on a small plain at the or of persons of debilitated habits who lead a bottom, with strict orders not to stir from ic sedentary life, are subject to dyspepsia, gout, till his return. Scarcely, however, had he and rheumatism, or who are particularly li- gained the summit, when the horizon was able to be affected by cold or slight variations suddenly darkened by one of those thick of atmospheric temperature. Their whole mists, which descend' so rapidly amid the bodies, more particularly their limbs and the Grampians, as almost to turn day into night anterior part of the trunk should be rubbed in the course of a few minutes. The anxious for half an hour at least, morning and even- father immediately hastened back to his ing, with a flesh brush or coarse towel, until child; but owing to the darkness, and his the surface begins to grow red, and assume own fears, he lost his way. After wandering an agreeable glow. In many cases premising about a long time, he discovered by the light the use of tbe warm bath, or sponging the of the moon that he was within a short disbody with cool or tepid water, will be found tance of his cottage. It would have been to increase the good effects to be derived both useless and dangerous to have renewed from the practice. Frictions are highly use- bis search that night." He therefore returned ful in the case of delicate females ; and in home, bitterly mourning over the loss of his children they promute their growth and activ- beloved child, and the shepherd dog, which ity, and prevent many of the diseases to had served him faithfully for many years. which they are liable.
As soon as the day dawned, he set out with a The effects of friction, wlien resorted to band of his neighbors, to seek for the lost with care and constancy are we assure our little one. All day they labored in vain, and readers, far more important than those who at night returned home disconsolate. They have not tried the practice would imagine. found that the dog had been to the cottage Though it is not capable of affording all the during the day, and after receiving a piece of advantages derivable from exercise in the cake, had immediately disappeared. For open air, which in fact, nothing can supply, three successive days the shephard renewed yet it is certainly the best substitute that can his search, and every night when he returned possibly be suggested.
he found his dog had been at the cottage, The best time for using friction, is in the and carried off bread, or cake. Knowing the morning and evening, but especially the for- sagacity of the animal, he resolved to wait mer, when the stomach is not distended with and follow him. He did so-and after scramfood. Those who are snbject to wakefulness bling bis way down frightful precipices, be and disturbed sleep, will find in addition to
saw his dog enter a cavern, the mouth of a properly regulated diet and active exercise which was almost on a level with a stupenduin the open air, that sponging the body with ous mountain waterfall. He entered, and tepid water followed by brisk frictions of beheld his infant eating the cake, which the the surface will more effectually induce quiet faithful animal had procured, while he stood repose than any other means.
hy, with the utmost satisfaction, and watched
until it was devoured. The little boy, being From the Juvenile Miscellany.
left alone in the dark, had probably fallen,
or scrambled down the precipice, and had The valleys, or glens, as they are called in been afraid to leave the cave on account of Scotland, which intersect the Grampian the foaming waterfall
, which dashed down Moontains, are chiefly inhabited by shep- from its mouth. The dog never left the child herds. The pastures, over which each flock except to procure him food, and theu he was is permitted to range, extend many miles in always seen running at full speed. every direction. The shepherd never has a Miss Wakefield tells of a pretty little spanview of his whole flock at once, except when el belonging to one of her friends, which was it is collected for the purpose of shearing. uncommonly intelligent. He was accustomHis occupation is to make daily visits to the ed to indulge himself on the lawn behind the different extremities of his pastures in guc. house. One morning he found a heavy dew cession; and to turn back, by means of his had made the grass very wet; not liking such #g, ang stragglers ebat may be approaching a damp couch, he stopped a moment to think
ANECDOTES OF DOGS.
what he should do. After a ovoment's reflec- paw upon his master's foot and vestied close tion, he trudged into the house and brought to his side. out a mat in his mouth, upon which he quiet- In ancient tiines, a French gentleman of ly lay down and went to sleep.
family and fortune, when travelling alone Soon after the British and Indians under through a forest, was murdered and buried General St. Leger, raised the siege of Fort under a tree. His dog, an English bloodSchuyler, Capi. Grige, of the New York line, hound, went to the house of bis master's obtained perinission to hunt, accompained friend in Paris, and by howling, looking toby a brotber officer. On their return, they ward the door, and pulling at his coat, made were suddenly fired upon by an ambush of bin understand that he wished to be followIndiers, who knocked them down with toma ed. This dumb el quence having effected its hawks, and scaiped them, as their manner is, purpose, he led the way directly to the tree, from the fore-head to the back of the neck, where he sciatched the earth, and howled. leaving only a couple of small locks of hair On digging the spot the body of the murderby the side of the ears. Capt. Grigg had the ed man was found. resolution to lie perfectly still during this her
A long time after this, the dog met the asrible operation; though he afterward said he sassin in the midst of a crowd, and instantly felt as it bo: lead were poured over hun. few at his throat. Whenever he saw the The Indians, supposing, he was dead, left same individual, he always attacked bim with him. Not long after, he felt his burning the same ferocity. This excited suspicion ; head touched very gently and tenderly and and the king, Louis the Eighth, having himhe immediately conjectured it was his favor. self been a witness of the fact, deterinined ite dog, which had followed nim to the chase. to refer the decision to the chauce of battle. “Never shall I forget," said he,“ how sooth. In those days they did not have trials by ing the cooling tongue of the faithful crea- judge and jury, but decided causes by single ture felt at that dreadful moment !" On combat; those who were vanquished, were attempting to rist, Capt. Grigg found his deemed guilty. The battle between the Chevback hone severely wounded, and his fore-alier and the bloodhound took place in the head bruised by the stroke of the tomakawk. Isle of Notre Dame. The dog brought the Alone, and mangled as he was, he bad no man to the ground. He confessed the mur. hope of life. He crawled along to his dead der, and was beheaded. A monument in companion, and opening his vest he laid his bassa-relievo, representing the combat, still throbbing head upon the soft bosom, not yet remains in the grand ball at the Castle of cold in death; for the slones and sticks Montargis in France. among which he had lain were torture to hin.
It is recorded of a dog, belonging to a noBut he was not alone at this trying mobleman of the Medici family, that he always ment--his faithful spaniel was his friend! attended at bis inaster's table, changed the The officers at Fort Schuyler had long been plates for him, and carried him his wine in a anxious about their companions, and were glass placed on a salver, without spilling, a on the watch for them, when Tray was seen drop. 'This is surely a most astonishing inissuing from the wood, panting with eager- siance of canine sagacity ; but these attainness and fatigue. " They are coming!” was
ments were perhaps outrivalled by the dog the universal exclamation, “ for there is the who was taught to speak. The dog alluded dog." They soon, however, discovered that to, is mentioned by the French academicians ; the dog was alone. He came to them, and he lived in Germany, and could call, in an by crouching, whining, running to and fro, intelligible manner, for lea, coffee, chocolate, and looking up in the most supplicating man- &e. The account is given by the celebrated ner, he plainly told that some evil bad befall- Leibnitz, and was briefly this: “The dog was en his beloved master. A detachment was of a middling size, and was the property of a immediately sent out, with orders to follow peasant in Saxony. A little boy, the peasthe dog. The anxious animal eagerly guidedant's son, imagined that he perceived in tbc them to the spot where the dying reposed dog's voice an indistinct resemblance to cerupon the dead. Under the care of a skilful tain words, and was therefore determined to surgeon, Capt. Grigg entirely recovered
teach him to speak distinctly. For this purThe late General Dearborn told me he pose he spared no time or pains with his pubeard the story from Capt Grigg himself; pil,
sho was a' out three years old, when his the dog in the meanwhile sat gravely by his learned education coinmenced and at length side, and looking up sorrowfully, as it perfect, he made such a progress in language, as to be ly conscious that his master was describing able to articulate no less than thirty words. his sufferings. “I suppose,” said General It appears, however, that he was somewhat Dearborn, “ that nothing would induce you a truant, and did not very willingly exert his to part .ith ! ray?” “No, sir," replied Capt. talents, being rather pressed into the service Grigg ; " I must part with my life first. He of literature ; and it was necessary that the shall never want a friend till my bones are in words should be first pronounced to hin each the dust." The dog wagged his tail, put his time before he spoke.”