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MARCH 20, 1832.

VOL. HI.

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From the Albany Literary Gazette.

No-no!-All was so still around, methought, (Prize Poem, from the pen of Mrs. Sigourney.] Which 'mid the church where erst we paid our

Upon my ear that echoed hymn did steal
THE WESTERN EMIGRANT.

So tuneful pealed. But tenderly thy voice
Amid those forest shades that proudly rearid

Dissolv'd the illusion :”—and the gentle smile
Their unshorn beauty toward the favoring skies, Lighting her brow,-the fond caress that sooth'd
An axe rang sharply. There, with vigorous ar', Her waking infant, reassur'd his soul
Wrought a bold emigrant, while by his side

That wheresoe'r the pure affections dwell
His little son with question and response And strike a healthful root, is happiness.
Beguiled the toil.

-Placid and grateful, to his rest le sank, « Boy, thou hast never seen

But dreams, those wild magicians, which do play Such glorious trees, and when their giant trunks

Such pranks when Reason slumbers, tireless
Fall, how the firm earth groans. Rememberest Their will with him. Up rose the busy mart

wrought
thou
The mighty river on whose breast we sailed

Of his own native city,--roof and spire
So many days on toward the setting sun ?

All glittering bright, in Fancy's frost-work ray.
Compared to that our own Connecticut

Forth came remember'd fornis—with curving Is but a creeping stream."

neck

The steed his boy hood nurtur'd, proudly neighed-
« Father, the brook, The favorite dog, exulting round his feet
That by our door went singing, when I launch a Frisk’d, with shrill, jnyous bark-familiar doors
My tiny boat with all the sportive boys,

Flew open-greeting hands with his were link'd
When school was o'er, is dearer far to me In Friendship's grusp-he heard the keen debate
Than all these deep broad waters. To my eye From congregated haunts, where mind with mind
They are as strangers. And those little trees Doth blend and brighten-and till morning roved
My mother planted in the garden bound Mid the lov'd scenery of his father-land.
Of our first home, froin whence the fragrant peach
l'ell in its ripening gold, were fairer sure
Than this dark forest shutting out the day.”

SIR MATTHEW HALE.

The principles by which this great christ“What ho! my little girl," and with light ian lawyer regulated his life were :

step
A fairy creature hasted toward her sire,

1. An uncompromising regard for what he And setting down the basket that contain'd

deemed just and right, in the various causes The noon's repast, look'd upward to his face which were brought before him, and in all With sweet, confiding smile.

matters in which he had any concern. This “See, dearest, see

was a striking feature in his character; and

he lived in times eminently adapted to try it. Yon bright-winged paroquet, and hear the song Of the gay red-bird echoing through the trees,

Cromwell found him, as we have already staMaking rich music Did'st thou ever hear

ted, the legal advocate of Strafford, of Laud, In far New England such a mellow tone ?"

and of Charles I. and seeing the stern excel

lence of his character, he heaped new hon“I had a robin that did take the crumbs ors upon him, by making him a judge under Each night and morning, and his chirping voice his own energetic government. The other Did make me joyful, as I went to tend

Cromwell too, after he came into power, My snow-drops. I was always laughing there, songht to retain Hale in the service of the In that first home. I should be happier now

And after the restoration of the monMethinks, if I could find among these dells

archy, he was exalted to the supreme bench The same fresh violets."

of justice under the change of government.

Slow night drew on, Now, through all these changes, he preserved And round the rude hut of the Emigrant, the same incorruptible integrity. The fact, The wrathful spirit of the autumn storm it is presumed, is unparalleled, it is certainly Spake bitter things. His wearied children slept, a rare one, that an individual, possessing a And he with head declin'd sat listening long

singularly unaspiring temper, should be so To the swoln waters of the Illinois,

honored, so sought after, and so compelled Dashing against their shores. Starting, he spake into office, by different and opposite politi

* Wife !-did I see thee brush away a tear?- cal parties and interests. There was someSay was it so !--Thy heart was with the halls

thing in the stern christian virtue of this man, Of thy nativity. Their sparkling lights,

which, in the capacity of a lawyer and a Carpets and sofas, and admiriug guests, judge, made him acceptable to all parties; Befit thee better than these rngged walls because, there is in such virtue, a powerful Of shapeless logs, and this lone hermit-home.” ally to any cause, and any party, to whuse

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ad it can be drawn. And there is not a old puritan piety. Wit, and humor, and brighter triumph of christianity in the whole levity were the taste of the day. The range of her victories and the monuments of recent national calamities were forgotten ; her glories, than is to be found in facts like and a general dissoluteness of manners and the foregoing.

morals succeeded to the severer spirit of the 2. A strong sense of his liability to eri, and commonwealth. The nation went from one kreat watchfulness against it. He entertained extreme to the other. It was in times like a humble opinion of himself, and was afraid these, that ilale, in the few intervals of his of every thing which could be supposed like public engagements, which he could coly to bias his decisions, or prevent his arriv- mand, upole liis Contemplations. These joy at the truth. This will appear from some embrace a wide diversity of topics, but all of of the “ things to be remembered," which them of such a cast, as to exhibit the bighly lie wrote dowu for the regulation of his con- devotional character of his mind, and a deep duct in his professional duties. Some of sense of a superintending Divine Providence These memoranda remind us of the 'Resolves' in the affairs of men. of Edwards. Among them are the follow- 4. A sacred regard for the Sabbath.-Pering:

baps no single principle, no one element of “ That I rest not upon my own under character, had a more decisive and controlstanding or strength, but implore and rest ling influence on the entire bent and cast of upon the direction and strength of Gol. his mind, as a religious man, than this. The

That in the execution of justice, I careful- Sabbath was to bim a sacred day, a hallowed ly lay aside my own passions, and not give interval, in the routine of business, and the way to them however provoked.

urgency of professional and official cares. That I be wholly intent upon the business It gave tone and strength to his whole reliI am about, remitting all other cares and gious character. He declared it in be the Thoughts as unscasonable and interruptions. result of his own experience, gathered from

That in business capital, though my nature many years' sound observation of what had incline me to pity, yei to consider that there occurred to himself, “ that success attended is a pity due to the couutry.

him through the week, very much in proporThat I be not too rigid in matters purely rion as he had carefully regarded the Sabconscientious, where all the harm is diversi- bath." Nor is this a singular fact, or at all ty of judgment.

to be wondered at. The great secret of sicThat popular or court applause, or distaste, cess in all lawful, and especially difficult and have no influence upon me in any thing I do. laborious business, is precisely that state of

Not to be solicitous what men will say or mind, that impartiality, candor, love of truth, think of me so long as I keep myself exactly reliance on God, and sense of accountability, according to the rules of justice.

which the spirit of intelligent piety always To abhor all private solicitations, of what supposes. kind soever and by whomsoevur in matters Most ardently do we wish, that this cause depending.

of success ir man's worldly affairs, might be To charge my servants not to interpose in more generally tested in our day. We have any business whatever, not to take more than no doubt that the result would be the same the known fees, not to give any undue prece- now and in the case of every man that it was dence to causes, not to recommend counsel. in the experience of the Lord Chief Justice

To be short and sparing at meals, ihat I of England two centuries ago. may be fitter fur business.'

5. Diligence in business. Much of the sucGoverning himself by rules like these, cess of every man's life depends on his diliand seeking for guidance from the great gence. Any talents, however splendid, will fountain of justice, it is not to be wondered fail of accomplishing much without habits of at, that even in those times of commotion patient and untiring application. We wish and violence, the adıninistration of justice this sentiment, trite as it is, could be imby Hale should have been so pure and so im- pressed upon all our young men, who are partial, as to command the confidence of all panting for honorable distinction in future parties.

life; especially upon the young men at our 3. A strong sense of an overruling Provi- colleges, who are there qualifying themselves, dence. The character of the court of Charles as a matter of course, for distinction of some II. is well known; the page of history has kind or other, honorable or inglorious. We transmitted it to us but too faithfully. And wish to sec less reliance placed upon genius, the character of the court was, very general- and other accidental things, and more placed ly, the character of the nation. Literature, upon what is in every man's own power, a particularly of a lighter and more superficial patient and faithful use of the means which kind, was cultivated ; but religion, in its God has given bim : and particularly, the expractical claims on the heart and life, was ercise of a diligence, which in the pursuit of greatly disregarded: nor was this all. It was a worthy object, never grows tired or discourthe fashion of the times to sneer at the good aged. This was one of the causes, marked,

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evident, every where to be seen, of Hale's, do good; and in the patient and fearless pura great success. When he applied himself se- suit of that object, distinction and honor riously to the study of the law, then at the came unsought, and bis naine is now identiage of twenty, he devoted sixteen hour's out fied with all that is amiable and all that is of the twenty-four, to those investigations heroic in modern philanthropy. Hale sough: which were afterwards to render bim so em- Dot human favor and applause. He would inent and so useful. His mental labors were not concern him-elf so much as to ask, incredible, and on any other principle than what others might think or say of him so that of great diligence, impossible. " Before long as he kept hinselt exactly to the doing he hegan his practice," savs bis biographer, of his dutv." And still, parties the most " he had perused, antabudged in two vol- opposite, and names the most illustrious from umes folio, all the old and new law then ex- among all parties, united in conferring hontant; had read over a great part of the ors upon him. And even the Author of our Records ; had looked into the canon and holy religion, to give a brighter example still, civil law as far as it contributed to the know- came not to be ministered unto, or to seek ledge of the common law; and in short, had honor from nien, but he came to do good and read whatever was to be found, in, law, histo- be useful, and how will honors unsought, ry, or other books, whether in print or man- and from men tuo, ultimately coine clusteruscript, which he thought would advance him ing around Him, as the result of his selfin the skill and knowledge of his profession." sac. ificing benevolence in the cause of man

6. Economy in the use of time - There is kind ! much tiine wasted even by diligent men. 8. He kept another world in view.-And This is owing to a want of plan, and systein, here it was, that the youth of twenty found and general previous arrangement in the use so powerful a motive to be diligent in study, of it." Ilale always had his work marked out. and the man of riper years to be mortified to There was something for every hour, and an the honors of this world, and bent only upon hour for every demand upon his exertions. being useful. Here it was, that the great Time, and the employment of it, were ap- crown-lawyer of the Charleses, found incenportioned to each other. The fragments tive enough to go forward in his high profeswere gathered up, that nothing might be lost. sional duties with undeviating and unshaken Indeed, in the life of such a man, there will integrity, and here too it was, that the Lord be a few fragınents; systematic arrangement Chief Justice of England, in the height of will prevent it. When the Sabbath came, all his secular honors, saw sufficient reason there was a solemn pause in all bis ordinary for being as willing to resign these fugitive employments. The world stood still. His honors and prepare to die, as he had been mind laboriously ensployed the rest of the before unsolicitous to attain them.” And week, was then at rest. This was a part of any man, who habitually keeps another world his plan, and indispensable to success, fitting in view, will see what he saw, motive enough his mind, like the bow that is occasionally re- to be diligent, and faithful, and constant in lased, for the exertion of greater power when his purpose, and untiring in his efforts to do the time comes for its being strung and bent good to inankind. Nothing prompts to great

and well directed exertion in the duties of 7. l'he desire of being useful to mankind.— life, like louking forward to another world. This is a principle of action, in whomsoever

Christian Spectulor. it be found, of indomitable energy. It is impossible to hold that man back from ac

From the New York Commercial Advertiser. quiring, sooner or later, solid distinction and honor, who is strongly prompted to exertion by the desire to do good and be useful to man- The following narrative of facts is presentkind, though distinction and honor, as the cd to the public, as exhibiting an extraordindirect objects of his pursuit, will he the last ary instance of unshaken firmness and selfthings that he will think of. He will gain possession, (or presence of mind,) under cirmen's approbation and power without intend- cu instances of inminent danger, and of hairing it, or havioy any direct view towards it. breudth escape from assassination. The reHonor will pursue hiin even wliile he flees lation was given by the gentleman who was from her rewards. For bad as the world is, the actor in the affair, soon after its occurit will usually do honor to those services and rence; and although years have elapsed since sacrifices for its welfare, which aiin at no re- the recital, yet the scene was so peculiarly Ward but the secret consciousness of having wild, and vividly sketched, that it was indelrendered them, and the sweeter hope of wit- ibly impressed upon the mind. nessing the happiness of others, which is ex- Our story has its origin shortly after the pected as their iesult. The name of Howard close of the late war. Col. T., of the United is immortal It will brighten to the end of States Army, who, in the “Peace establishitiine. Yet no man desired distinction less, ment" was attached to the “Southern divise Bint he desired to be useful. lle sought to ion," had been stationed for some months at

anew.

THE NARROW ESCAPE.

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New-Orleans. In order to check some hos- | fall; he therefore diverged towards the tite movements among the Indians of the Mis- treacherous light, and with much difficulty, sissippi, our troops were concentrated near wound a devious way, through the woods, the point of danger, and Col. T. was ordered and reached the house. The appearance of by the War Department, to assunie the com- this miserable tenement ere he entered it, mand of the Military Post at Natchitoches. or received a reluctant permission to stay, lle was charged with the conveyance of a confirmed his suspicions as to its character. large sum of public inoney from New-Or- An aged man, was apparently, the only inJeans; having made arrangements with a gen- mate, wlio spoke the mongrel language of tleman of the army at Baton Rouge, to ac- the country, creole and broken English. Our company hin, (whither the Colonel bad des traveller acosted him, made known his object patched his servant,) he set out from the and wishes, and asked permission to stay city alone and on horseback. At this early during the night. After some hesitation, period, ere the genius of Fulton was proudly and apparent confusion of manner, an assent iriumphing on the western wave, spurning was given, remarking at the same time, that the mad torrent of the father of waters, there was no accommodation either for him. such a journey was toilsome and dangerous selt or horse. in the extreme. Leaving the rich and fertile l'he Colonel dismounted, resolved to risk valley of the lower Mississippi, the route lav every thing, and remain at this inhospitable through a wild and alınost trackless forest, hovel. Confining his horse 10 a swinging presenting at every step, a lurking place for limb of a tree in the small inclosure, he took Bandits who were then prowling through charge of his baggage and entered. A scene the Southern wilds, and practising success- was very soon presented, which called forth fully their heartless and cruel deeds of rob- that admirable coolness, and self-possession, bery and murder. New Orleans was the which alone constitute true courage ; and no chief rendezvous of these bands, as well as of degree of firmness short of this, could have bordes of pirates and adventurers, who roaso- sustained any man under such circumstances. ed upon a different element. Some forty Mere animal courage, would either have or listy miles above the city, the road travels quailed, or being excited to desperation, led by Col. T. passed through a long and would only have led its victim to instant swanipy district for something like twenty death. But we will describe the scene, and miles, the character of which, he was not then let the reader ask himself, “ would I aware of, until he had entered it, and night have thus acted ?" I have already remarked, approached ere he had penetrated five miles that the Colonel was convinced, on arriving oi this dangerous pass. With the design at the house, that it was the rendezvous and of reaching the first house, distant about fif-very den of robbers—and that he had escateen miles, our benighted traveller was urg-ped robbery, and perhaps murder, on the ing forward his wearied and faithful steed, ) road, to fall here a victim-for, without some when suddenly the sagacious animal, with the most extraordinary interposition, death, in unerring instinct of his nature, snuffed the some shape, seemed inevitable. Contrary tainted breeze ; and alarmed and ungovern- to the Colonel's expectation, the house was able, inade a desperate bound, discovering to distant from the river nearly a mile. A the rider, at the same moment, the cause of dense wood intervening, surrounded it in his fright. A rush from the Canebrake, (by every direction, every thing wearing a gloomy which the road was girded,) presented the and peculiar aspect, gave a presage of some outlines of two men, making a bold and de- disastrous termination of his untimely and termined push to intercept him. But urging unexpected visit. forward his horse the whip and spurs, he But, to return,-There were two rooins of succeeded in passing them at the point of the principal building, into the largest of concentrated attack. After running some which Col. T., was conducted, by mine distance, the Colonel succeeded in reining host,” the old Creole. A female slave seemup his horse into a moderate pace, with the ed to have the sole charge of domestic affairs, intention of pusuing his journey for the night. who, at the request of the Colonel, was di

He had not gone far, however, when a rected to procure something for supper. Atlight was seen dimly flickering through the ter a short absence, in attending to che comforest, in the direction of the river, and he fort of his horse, he returned to the room, determined on reaching it, in hopes of find and found that a footman, apparently a traving a house, where shelter and protection eller, had arrived, might be afforded. But in such a dilemma he In the absence of the old man, a few retelt much smarrased. Not doubting that marks were passed between the travellers, in he was waylaid, the vicinity of the light to the course of which, the foolman suggested the late scene of attack, suggested doubts of, to the Col. the propriety of being on his guard, its proving a place of safe and hospitable en- as appearances about the bouse, were to him, tertainment.' It was, however, equally baze very suspicious. The negress, also, while arardous to proceed on such a road after nigh-ranging the table for supper, seemed to manifest something like solicitude, and ex- , who was evidently the leader of the band. pressions escaped her, which were evidently It grew late, and requesting a bed, he was designed to be heard, and which confirmed conducted by the aged Ishmaelite followed his first impression. But there are yet fur- by the bandie) to a small attached building. ther developments of the plot to be noticed. In going along a narrow passage he stepped Just as the Col. was seating himself at sup- upon a trap door, which gave way, and he pet, tie hasty, and unceremonious entrance suok to his knee, but catching to a bench of three men into the room, produced a mo- which happened to be near, he recovered, mentary suspense--but resuming his compo and proceeded without making any remarks. sure, he scrutinized them closely and took Reaching the apartment, he was pointed to his seat at the board, which had once been a a miserable cot, and immediately prepared billiard table. The appearance of these men, lo occupy it, by taking off only his coat and was as daring and ferocious, as their man- boots The old man soon retired, leaving ners were rude and familiar. They were his companion, who proposed using an old evidently at home, and laying aside their arms, settee in the same room, as his couch, reexcept such as were ostentatiously displayed marking that the old man was scarce of beds. about their persons, they were soon seated To this arbitrary arrangement, he did not at the samne table. A glance of recognition think proper to object. A crisis was now ev. towards the footman, seemed to present this idently approaching, which no human agency man's character in rather a questionable could avert, and he resolved hastily on his shape.—The trio, bowever, who had last en- plan of escape. This was to adopt some fitered, vere evidently the master spirits of the nesse, and if unsuccessful, then to defend himgang, and their whisperings and suppressed self to the last, with his only weapon, a dirk. conversation, in allusion to their guest, was He was well aware that his safety depended too palpable to escape notice. A pack of upon his inanners and bearing towards those cards were soon produced, and the three desperadoes, hence, every word and action amused themselves in this way, whilst the was strictly guarded. We have already obCol. seeningly undisturbed, partook of the served the effect of this course upon the ascold, and unpalatable meal. After he had sassin. Had he at any time evinced apprefinished, the party requested him to engage hensions or fears of bis sately, or made any with them at cards, to which he politely ob- unguarded movement, towards leaving the jected saying that he did not play. They in- house, instant death would, doubtless, have mediately laid aside the cards, and entered followed. But, so confident were they of into conversation, annoying hiin exceedingly their prey, and probably too cowardly to with impertinent questions, as to his route, make an open attaek, their plan evidently business, &c. &c. Wearing the uniform of was, to approach his couch, and accomplish the Army, bis rank was of course recognised. the hellish purpose, by stabbing in the dark. He was asked if he was not from New Or- The only hope of safety w leasing the house, leans? If he was going to the military post was to reach the river, where he might possiat Red River, Natchitoches? If there was bly find a boat, either descending or at the not a large detachment of troops there and shore, which would afford some protection. when were they to be paid off?-If there But on the other hand, if no such relief was were not large arrearages due them? One found, he would doubtless be pursued, and of them presuming the money would be on this uninhabited part of the coast, escape transmitted from N. Orleans, another sugests would be impossible. He therefore detered, that he was “ pay-master to the Army." mined to wait some further developments of These various and perplexing, interrogato- the night, ere he should decide differently ries,were answered promptly, with character what course to pursue. He was not long lett istic coolness, and generally without eva in suspense. A movement, distinctly heard, sion. Studious, of not evincing any distrust, made it palpably, manifest that murder, dark or suspicions of their object, the careless and premeditated murder, was contemplated, indifference of his manners seemed to have and the attempt about to be inade. After had the effect of restraining their rudeness for the lapse of an hour perhaps, after lying a while and the subject was changed. Whilst down, during which he feigned a sound sleep, this kind of conversation was going on, one yet wakeful to every sound which Aluated of the robbers, was observed to recline him- upon the murmuring wind, he heard the latch self on the Anor, near the partition where his of the door cautiously raised, and the footbaggage was laid wbich he used as a pillow. steps of a man were heard in the direction of Watching his movoments he was seen exam the settee. He waited a njoment, and the ining the Colonel's saddlebags rather famil- same stealthy footsteps approached his bediarly. This, however, he did not seem to the object was quite near, remained but a nocice. Soon after two of the party took moment and retired. A low wbispering was their rifles, and left the house, without giving then heard. All was again silent, and still any explanation. He was now left with the the Colonel seemed to sleep. The footsteps foocman, the old man and one of the trio- now approached him, and so near, that he

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