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IN

VARIOUS COUNTRIES

OF

EUROPE ASIA AND AFRICA

BY

E. D. CLARKE LL.D.

PART THE SECOND

GREECE EGYPT AND THE HOLY LAND

SECTION THE SECOND

FOURTH EDITION

VOLUME THE FIFTH

LONDON

PRINTED FOR T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES

IN THE STRAND

BY R. WATTS CROWN COURT TEMPLE BAR.

MDCCCXVII.

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ADVERTISEMENT

TO THE

PRESENT EDITION.

The Author gladly avails himself of the opportunity offered by a new Edition of this part of his Work, to acknowledge his obligation to a very celebrated traveller, John Hawkins, Esq. for a valuable communication, respecting La Guillitiere; whose account of Athens, published in Paris in 1675, the Reader will find mentioned in the twelfth chapter. It seems that the criticisms made by Spon upon that publication did not pass unregarded by the editor of La Guilletiere's narrative; but that they elicited an answer, full of very bitter animadversion, and severe satire, upon Spon's own work : to which the latter replied with even greater asperity; and he endeavoured to prove that the pretended La Guilletiere was a fictitious character, and that no such person had ever set his foot in Athens; but that the account of its antiquities, which bears his name, was nothing more than a spurious publication, made from the

observations of the Missionaries. La Guilletiere's Account of Athenshad been edited by his brother, Guillet; and it is this Guillet who attacked Spon, after the publication of his work, in a critique entitled, “ Lettres écrites sur une Dissertation d'un Voyage de Grèce publié par M. Spon, Médecin Antiquaire ; avec des Remarques sur les Médailles, les Inscriptions, l'Histoire Ancienne et Moderne, la Géographie, la Chronologie, et une Carte des Détroits de Constantinople, selon les nouvelles couvertes de l'Antiquaire:" à Paris, 1679. 12mo. pp. 288.-In this critique, which is evidently the production of a writer of talents, and which abounds with the liveliest sallies of wit, its author refutes the objections made by Spon against the accuracy of La Guilletiere; and he adduces, with great force of raillery, several blunders which the former had committed, in history, ' in chronology, and in geography. During the same year, Spon published his answer to Guillet, with this title,

Réponse à la Critique publiée par M. Guillet, sur le Voyage de Grèce de Jacob Spon : avec Quatre Lettres sur le mesme sujet, le Journal d'Angleterre du Sieur Vernon, et la Liste des Erreurs commises par M. Guillet dans son Athènes ancienne et nouvelle." à Lyon, 1679. 12mo. pp. 322. This controversy excited considerable sensation at the time; but

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