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REV. ROBERT ROBINSON, REV. HENRY HUNTER, D.D..

AND

REV. JOSEPH SUTCLIFF, A.M.

A new Edition, with additional Sermons.

REVISED AND CORRECTED

BY THE REV. SAMUEL BURDER, A.M.,

LAT6 OF CLARE HALL, CAMBRIDGE; LECTURER OF THE UNITED PARISIES OF CHRIST CHURCH,

NEWGATE STREET, AND ST. LEONARD, FOSTER LANE, LONDON.

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252
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3 IDBI EKIS.

PREFACE

19 THE LAST ENGLISH EDITION.

TRANSLATIONS of works written in foreign languages possess a value beyond the subjects discussed in them: in this respect, the congeniality of sentiment which pervades, may assimilate them to our own productions. But they are particularly useful to convince us, that mental cultivation and energy are not confined to any country, but are the gifts of God, impartially bestowed upon nations widely separated as to situation. Nor are these circumstances without their special influence, since we find the works of learned men characterized by peculiarities, which strongly distinguish them from each other. The transfusion of these into the languages of other countries, gives them a circulation which contributes equally to the instruction and pleasure of mankind in general.

Of this advantage the Sermons of M. SAUrin are pre-eminently deserving. Nor has it been conferred on them in vain. They have been most favourably received in this country, as the sale of several Editions demonstrates. As many of them as have made eight volumes, have, for some time, been before the public. The first five were translated by the Rev. R. Robinson. The sixth by the Rev. Dr. H. HUNTER; and the last two by the Rev. J. SUTCLIFFE.

In the present Edition they are compressed into Two Volumes, the last of which contains three additional Sermons, now first printed in English; one on Regeneration, translated by the Rev. J. SUTCLIFFE; and two others by M. A. BURDER. Of the manner in which they are rendered, the near relationship of the translator forbids me to speak, otherwise than to express a confident hope, that they will not be found anworthy of being associated with those which precede them.

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This Edition has been carefully corrected by the Rev. J. SUTCLIFFE, previously to the work being put to the press, through which it has been my province to guide and correct it. To those who value the great doctrines of Christianity, these volumes cannot but prove highly acceptable: nor can they fail of making a due impression on the mind, by the forcible and eloquent manner in which they exhibit truth and holiness

SAMUEL BURDER

Brixtable Lodge, Mortlako Inn 1, 1921.

PREFACE

TO THE

FIRST AMERICAN STEREOTYPE EDITION.

The sermons of the accomplished Saurin, formerly pastor of the Reformed French church at the Hague, have been well known to a considerable part of the clergy of different denominations, in the United States, ever since they were put into an English dress by Robinson, Hunter, and Sutcliffe. To this class a recommendation of these sermons would be a work of supererogation; and they might justly look upon any attempt to give an analysis of their merits, by so humble an individual as the subscriber, to be about as needful and acceptable an offering to the cause of Christian literature, as the panegyric of a pedagogue upon the principia of Newton, the metaphysics of Locke, or the poetry of Milton, would be to the republic of letters. But there is much more numerous, and (thanks be to the facilities of education and spreading influence of christianity in this rising and happy country!) constantly increas. ing, class of readers, to which these rare specimens of pulpit eloquence have been till lately, almost inaccessible, because found only in seven or eight formidable octavo volumes. It is, therefore, believed by the publishers of this stereotype edition, at whose request the subscriber has undertaken the task, that a brief preface by an American clergyman, would be an acceptable service to this numerous class of the Christian community, and would serve as an appropriate introduction of this valuable work in a compass and at a price adapted to their taste and ability.

The preachers of the French school are generally characterized by a warm imagination, an ornamented diction, and an animated declamation. To en. lighten the understanding, direct the reason, and persuade the judgment, seem to have been regarded by them as secondary objects;—while all their energies were put forth to awaken the sensibilities, agitate the passions, and control the affections of their hearers. Those of the English school, on the contrary, seem to disdain all the arts of declamation; to treat their hearers as only rational beings, without reference to their animal sympathies and emotionsand to aim at moving the heart solely through the medium of the understanding. In the sermons of the former, the Divine will find very little that will prove a valuable addition to his theological lore, or aid him in the exposition and illustration of the great principles of revealed truth. And in the didactic discourses of the latter class, the preacher will not meet with much that will prove a valuable auxiliary to him in the great work of rousing the human soul to deep sensibility and emotion in reference to eternal things,-and persuading his fellow men to flee, without delay, from the wrath to come, and lay hold with an anxious and trembling hand upon the hope set before them in the gospel. The former have an abundance of heat, but a moderate portion of light:—they serve to kindle a great blaze of feeling, but shed little or no illumination upon the dark field of polemic theology, or the profound mysteries of the Christian faith. The latter, shed forth light, but it is, too often, cold and cheerless as the moonbeams: they aid the researches of the inquirer after the principles of truth and safe rules of moral casuistry, but have little influence in imbuing the heart of the awakened sinner, with the agonies of contrition, or the consolations of hope. The former, would appear empty and insipid if unaccompanied by the action and impassioned tones of the living preacher; and the latter, would lose half their excellencies if they were not carefully perused amidst the quiet and meditations of the study --The former, seem to have been designed exclusively for producing an effect

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