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Antiquarian Researches.


A good fac simile of it taken upon paper will put an end to it, and I shall be happy to place under the eyes of our men of science a faithful which reconcile all their copy, may differences respecting this monument of history. I have visited still oftener the obelisks of Cleopatra, and always by means of our asses. Of these two obelisks, that which is standing has been given to the King by the Pacha of Egypt, and I hope that the necessary measures will be taken to transport it to Paris. The obelisk which is on the ground belongs to the English. I have already caused the hieroglyphical inscriptions which are on them to be copied and sketched under my own eyes. These two obelisks, with characters in three columns on the face of each of them, were originally erected by King Moris, in front of the great Temple of the Sun, at Heliopolis. The lateral inscriptions were placed there by Sesostris; and I have discovered two other short ones on the face, which were placed there by the successor of Sesostris. Thus three epochs are marked out upon these monuments. The ancient dez, in rose-coloured granite, on which each of them has been placed, still exists; but I have ascertained by causing my Arabs to dig around them, under the direction of our architect, M. Bibent, that this dez rests on a base of three paces, which is of Greek or Roman workmanship."

After detailing some particulars connected with his introduction to the Viceroy, and obtaining the necessary firmans, M. Champollion concludes by observing, "I am filled with confidence as to the result of our journey, and shall spare no exertion to render it successful. I shall write from all the towns in Egypt, although the post-houses of the Pharaohs no longer exist. I shall reserve my description of the magnificence of Thebes for our venerable friend M. Dacier.

It will, perhaps, be a worthy and a just

tribute to the Nestor of amiable and scientific men."


agony, as if death had been produced by the heavy pressure of a great weight of stones. There is a difference of opinion as to whether the excavation be a Roman village or one extensive building, destroyed by some accident. The grounds have been purchased by government, and upwards of one hundred men are constantly at work.



An English gentleman who recently visited the immense Roman building lately discovered near Voorburg, says that innumerable vases of the most beautiful descriptions, Roman rings with inscriptions, ornaments and coins, some of which date before the birth of Christ, have been excavated; all which leads to the supposition that some calamity, either occasioned by fire, inundation, or otherwise, has thrown down and destroyed the whole buildings. In one of the cellars a perfect skeleton has been found, which further strengthens the opinion it is the most remarkable object that has yet been discovered. The right arm is placed on the heart, and the whole figure exhibits an attitude of the most perfect GENT. MAG. October, 1828.

A tesselated pavement has been recently discovered in a field of about eight acres, on the north-west of a hill, and under a wood,

opposite King's Sedgemoor, in the parish of Pitney, near Langport. It has been opened under the direction and superintendance of Mr. Hasell, of Littleton, near Somerton. The floor is 18 feet by 20; it is in the highest state of preservation, and is allowed by persons best acquainted with the subject to be the finest specimen that has been discovered in the west of England. The centre is an octagon, in which is a perfect figure of Bacchus with the usual emblems, and the other part of the floor is divided into eight compartments, containing figures of Minerva, Mars, Neptune, and other heathen deities, and at each corner is a bust; a beautiful border surrounds the whole, and runs round each division. The designs are admirably executed in tesseræ of various colours and very small dimensions, scarcely half an inch square; there is a coarser edging of tesseræ, each about one inch square, between the border and the walls, which are in good preservation, and about two feet high, and the top only a few inches under the surface of the field. Considerable numbers of persons of all ranks were attracted to view this interesting discovery during the short time it was open; but it has been for the present filled up, till effectual means are taken to secure it, for which a subscription is being raised. Sir R. C. Hoare has contributed handsomely, and has expressed his intention of visiting the spot early in the spring.


Lately one of the mummies in the Museum of the Louvre was opened. It was one of the finest of the valuable collection made by the Chevalier Drovetti. According to the hieroglyphic inscriptions, this mummy. which was the embalmed body of Nouté Mai (the beloved of the gods), had been, during a few years, one of the priests of Ammon. It was enclosed in a kind of pasteboard, richly ornamented on the outside with fi gures of Gods, and symbolical animals. Th preservation of this funeral covering was perfect; it having been originally protecte by two wooden coffins, in which the mummy was conveyed to Paris. The pasteboard was untouched by decay, and in the same condition as when it at first came from the hands

Select Poetry.

of the embalmers. When the body was
completely unrobed, the head was discovered
to have been shaved, a custom which literary
antiquities prove to have been adopted by
the Egyptian priests. The teeth remained
in their places, and an attentive examination
shewed that the individual had been about
when he died. A leaf of
forty years of age
gold covered the mouth, a plate of silver lay
upon the breast, and straps of coloured lea-


Written at Margate.


ther hung from the shoulders. The cavities
of the eyes were filled with plugs of linen,
which, like the bandages, had been soaked
in oil of cedar, a celebrated preservative
against corruption. The interior of the head
was empty, but the envelope of the brain
was preserved. Drops of pure bitumen, of
extreme brilliancy and some thickness, were
found upon the breast, between the thighs,
of the body.
upon other parts



THEE, mighty Ocean, I with fear survey,
E'en when thy spacious surface seems
The Heav'ns reflecting with a smiling
For then art thou still ready to betray,
And burst at once upon thy helpless prey.
Tremendous type of human life, I ween,
Where Man o'erwhelming Man so oft is


Like wave o'er wave on thy deceitful way.
Sublimity the world must own is thine,

When the dread tempest bids thy billows


Like Tyrants who in martial grandeur shine,
And ravage hapless realms without con-
Yet Virtue, strengthen'd by a Power Divine,
Can, buoy'd by Hope, sustain the sink-
ing soul.

For then, when trac'd through each dis-

You might elude Law's thousand eyes;
And beat its fleetest coursers hollow,
By diving, where they could not follow.
There you might lurk, uuseen and quiet—
Water and fish your slender dict-
And when the news had spread around,
That you were fairly sunk and drown'd-
Rise, like new creatures, from the water,
And plunder in some other quarter.

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On Icebergs appearing off the Cape of Good
HOW must the Hottentots with wonder


To see huge Icebergs sailing to the Cape!
But what does Parry say? He knows, full


The dreary regions where those Icebergs dwell,

And he. I ween, will not conceive it strange, That they, at length, should seek some pleasing change;

And, taught by him, to venture, wisely try
To warm themselves beneath a southern sky.

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On seeing a Lady, in thin shoes, walking over

a Macadamized crossing on a wet day. THAT wet feet are injurious, physicians declare,

And too many have cause to believe. So, gentlemen all, of the ladies take care, Or Mac Adam will leave you no Eve.

On reading, in the Gentleman's Magazine,

that a Monsieur B. had invented a mode of moving and continuing under Water for a considerable Time, without any communication with the atmospheric Air. On a short Epigram, with a long Introductio SWINDLERS and Thieves! your trade THE head's so large--the tail's so small — The point is scarcely seen at all. West-square, Sept. 1.

would thrive,

If like Monsieur B. could dive:

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And rears his lordly walls: His cope-clad Priests, with chant divine, The sacred host upraise; And, girt with tapers' holy shine, His gorgeous altars blaze:

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For the Opening of the rebuilt Church at MORVAH, on the North-west Coast of Cornwall, A. D. 1828.

By the Rev. C. V. LE GRICE.
AGAIN we hear the Sabbath bell,
A welcome joyful sound;
O'er rock and moor, and down the dell
Its cheering peals rebound.
Come, come, again they seem to say,
To God's own House repair;
Come with a heart of faith to pray,

And Christ will meet you there.
Tho' floods of waters beat around
On ever-shifting sands;
A rock is the foundation-ground,

On which our Temple stands.

The winds may roar, the tempest frown,
Each breast from fear is free:
The worshipper looks calmly down
Upon the troubled sea.

So 'mid the storms of human life
The Christian is secure,
And far above the fretful strife
His path serene, and sure.
Tho' built by man our Temple-gate,
The way, by which it leads
To one "not made with hands," is straight,
If Faith for mercy pleads.

For mercy, while 'tis call'd to day,
To plead we'll hasten near;
Ere the same bell, that bids to pray,
Shall greet our coming bier.


of Part of the Ninety-first Psalm. GOD! beneath thy feather'd breast, Secure from harm my soul shall rest; No more to winged shafts by day, Nor midnight pestilence a prey. Around shall gasping thousands lie; Around shall quivering nations die ; Despair shall bite his lip in vain, O'er me alone he ne'er shall reign. Beneath my feet shall Seraphs throng, And angels bear my steps along ; Nor adder's hiss, nor lion's roar, Nor dragon's fang shall fright me more. Thee, Lord! alone I'll love and fear, For I will call, and Thou shalt hear; Then hence, O hence, my soul remove, To everlasting bliss above!

Q. J.

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In France the reign of Jesuitism and bigotry is rapidly terminating. The Jesuit colleges in many of the principal towns have been abandoned; the famous college of the Ave has just been closed, and the reverend fathers have taken away their furniture. The mayor has already taken possession of the building, and it will hardly be believed that the fact of the retirement of the Jesuits has created a complete sensation in the town. An immense majority of persons illuminated their houses upon the occasion.


According to the different accounts received from the theatre of war, the Russians have experienced some severe defeats. Even to judge from their own bulletins, they have been compelled to act generally on the defensive; but according to the Turkish bulletins, which have been issued, they have been compelled partially to retreat. It ap pears, that the arrival of the Emperor Nicholas from Odessa, was the signal for a renewal of vigorous efforts against Varna. After driving the Turks from some of their positions, the countersearp, in front of the north bastion nearest the sea, was blown up at sun-rise on the 14th Sept. and the fosse became so completely filled with the fallen materials, that the Russians were enabled to take possession of the entrance to a breach in that bastion. As a Russian corps occupied the road to Bourgas, cutting off all hope of relief from that quarter, the Emperor summoned the garrison to surrender. A temporary cessation of hostilities took place; but it being suspected that the Turks were only endeavouring to gain time, the canonade was resumed on the 15th. On the night of the 25th one of the Turkish redoubts, opposite the centre of the fortress, was taken by storm, without firing a gun, at the point of the bayonet, the Turks having had above 100 killed. On the 23th of September serious affair took place; the Turks having begun to entrench themselves, left their camp in great force, and attacked the Russian redoubts; the action continued for four hours. In this engagement the Turks are said to have brought forward 15,000 infantry and cavalry, and to have had an equal number in their intrenchments. The Russians lost Gen. Freitag and Col. Zaycow. Next day the Turks remained quiet, and were employed in fortifying their camp. On the 30th the Russians took the offensive, and they acknowledge they were defeated. --The last accounts, however, are very important, in favour of the Russians. On the 7th of Oct. a Russian corps, during the night secretly penetrated into the city and



surprised the fortress; the alarm was so great that the Turks abandoned the works, and thus Varna fell into the hands of the

Russians, without capitulation.

We learn that the Russian forces have retreated from before Schumla. On the 9th of October, Hussein Bey made a general attack upon their entrenchments; and although the Imperial troops are stated to have displayed the most brilliant valour, they nevertheless fell back to Jenibazar, where they stopped only one day, and proceeded to retreat towards Bazardjik. The privations of all kinds had produced excessive misery in the ranks of the Muscovites. The road from Schumla to Jenibazar was literally covered with dead, sick, and wounded, and the carcases of Russian horses. Such ravages had been caused by the excessive heat of the climate (say accounts from Bucharest), that they could not be overcome by the most determined perseverance. Immediately after the departure of the Russians, Hussein Bey quitted his entrenchments at Schumla, and at the head of 70,000 men proceeded on the road to Bazardjik in pursuit of them.

In the last sally from Silistria, ou the 15th of September, the terror of the Russians on the attack of the Spahis was so great, that they did not rally again till they got to Hirchova.


NAVARINO, Sept. 10.-The Turks and Egyptians evacuate the fort of Navarino. The Egyptians are embarking to return to Alexandria. The camp which was near Modon is also embarking. Ibrahim Pacha will not embark till the second Egyptian expedition sails.


An infectious yellow fever, of a malignant description, has made its appearance at Gibraltar. The gates of the garrison were, in consequence, finally closed on the 5th of September. The Spaniards had placed an extensive cordon sanitaire on the lines, to prevent all communication with Gibraltar, and the local authorities refused all vessels the usual clean bills of health from the 5th. According to intelligence of the 30th of September, the number of deaths among those attacked were nearly one in three. On the 11th of October a meeting took place at the City of London Tavern, to take into consideration the state of those who had been for some time suffering from fever and from want; W. Ward, esq. M.P. in the chair. It was unanimously resolved to enter into a subscription in aid of the one commenced at Gibraltar, and a committee was appointed to carry the object of the meeting

into effect.





The state of Ireland has lately become
more alarming. The Catholics and Protes-
tants have been respectively making the
utmost efforts to intimidate each other, and
to influence Parliament. Mr. Lawless was
sent on a journey, by the Association, to
agitate the people in the north of Ireland.
As he was, with a large assembly of his
followers, about to enter Ballybay, in the
county of Monaghan, his progress was
stopped by an armed party of the Protestant
inhabitants, when a conflict ensued, and se-
veral were wounded on both sides. On the
16th of October, Mr. Lawless was arrested
by Government, for heading the meeting at
Ballybay. He was taken to the house of
Judge Burton, where he remained for nearly
three hours, and was finally bailed. Not
only in this expedition, undertaken at the
request of the Association, but in almost
every other quarter, we have heard of tens
of thousands assembling and parading in
military order through the villages and
towns, chiefly on the Sundays, and nearly
all in a kind of uniform; and their style of
marching is described, even by their own
friends, as nearly equal to that of regular
troops. This alarming state of things at
length called forth measures on the part of
the Government, to put a stop to the dis-
graceful scenes exhibited, both in the north
and south of that country. A Proclamation
has been issued by the Lord-Lieutenant for
suppressing those illegal assemblages, which
have, by degrees, assumed a character little
short of open rebellion. The Proclamation,
after stating the illegality of these riotous
assemblies, thus continues :-"We, the
Lord Lieutenant General and General Go-
vernor of Ireland, being resolved to suppress
and put down such illegal meetings, and to
prevent the recurrence thereof, have thought
fit to issue this Proclamation, solemnly and
strictly warning all his Majesty's liege
jects from henceforth to discontinue the
holding or attending any such meetings or
assemblies, as aforesaid; and, to charge and
earnestly exhort them, to the utmost in their
power, to discountenance all meetings and
assemblies of a similar nature, and thereby
to prevent the dangers and mischief conse
quent on the same," &c. The warning of
the Marquis of Anglesea seems not to have
been given in vain, and the most influential
of the Catholics have been active in endea-
vouring to sooth the excitation of the
peasantry. Mr. O'Connell himself has pub-
lished an address to the people of Tipperary,
enjoining them to discontinue their public

The Earl of Abergavenny has lately caused

a tower, fifty feet in height, to be erected on the summit of Saxonbury-hill, from which can be seen sixteen parish churches. The approach to the platform by a stone staircase, which a number of visitors have ascended lately.

Sept. 9. A part of the east wing of the ancient Cathedral of Hexham, now used as the parish church, fell with a tremendous crash, and broke through the roof of a building adjoining, called the Old School, where were deposited the town lamps, all of which were demolished.

Sept. 23. The Chelmsford and Essex Horticultural and Floral Society had their grand anniversary show and dinner on this day, when the show of prize dahlias, and of such fruits as were in season, at the Shire Hall, exceeded, both in splendour of decoration and in flowers, as well as in number and respectability of the company present, any of the former exhibitions of the Society. But the greatest display of beauty was to be found among the dahlias. The eight dahlias, for which the first prize was awarded, were all raised from seed by Mr. Veitch, of Killerton Nursery, near Exeter, and six of them were new sorts, which came out only this year. After the show was over, the members of the Society, and a few select friends, sat down to an elegant dinner at the Saracen's Head Inn, the flowers and prize fruit being transferred to the table, Dr. Forster, the President, in the chair.

Oct. 24. The establishment of Brunswick Clubs has excited a strong spirit of opposilic Emancipation. In no instance has this tion on the part of the supporters of Cathofeeling been more powerfully manifested than on the occasion of a meeting held this day on Penenden Heath, Kent, under the sanction of the distinguished individuals constithe High Sheriff of the county. The obtuting the Kentish Club (see p. 264), and ject of the meeting was to pass a series o sub-resolutions, "praying that the Protestant constitution of the United Kingdom may be preserved entire and inviolable." The resolutions were violently opposed by the Marquis of Camden, Lord Darnley, Dr. Doyle, Mr. Shiel, Cobbett, Hunt, and others. An amendment was moved by Mr. Hodges of Rochester, proposing that the subject of the present discussion should be left to the discretion of Ministers, and that the meeting should adjourn. The amendbut on being put, was negatived by a majoment was seconded by the Earl of Radnor'; rity of about two-thirds of the meeting. The original motion for agreeing to the Petition was then carried, amidst the loudest applause. There were about 30,000 persons present.

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