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1828.]
Repairs of Winchester Cathedral.

311 member of the Antiquarian Society," the loftiness and magnitude of the pier, in a letter which shewed but little an- and reflects on the immense superintiquarian taste, found out various faults cumbent weight it sustained, must be in the works, and suggested improve- struck with the difficulty of removing ments, which is effected would have

a crazy supporter in such a situation, caused every admirer of antient eccle- and introducing a new one in its place siastical buildings to view with equal without damaging the vaulted stone regret, as he now does with satisfac- roof of the Church. Yet this has been tion, the altered state of the Church. done by Mr. Garbett, and the pillar This letter was ably and satisfactorily carefully restored in its pristine form. replied to by another Correspondent A controversy arose as to the necessity who saw the repairs in progress; since of the immense frame work of timbert then no detailed account has appeared which the architect deemed it necesin your pages,-an omission which I

sary to raise for the support of the roof will now endeavour to supply.

and adjoining arches of the building, The pages of that sound and intel- the sum of which only went to prove ligent antiquary Dr. Milner, I con- that he had used superabundant caution clude, are so familiar to your readers, in the work. That an architect ought that I need not recapitulate the injuries not idly to squander his employer's the Cathedral had sustained, or the in- money must be acknowledged, but congruities with which former bene. when the responsibility whicli the care factors, by ill-judged attempts at em- and preservation of such a building as bellishments, had disfigured it. Let Winchester Cathedral is considered, any one read the eloquent and ad- few I believe will be found to censure mirable description of the Church by the architect for avoiding even the posthat historian, and bearing in mind the sibility of so great a calainity as the fall defects and mutilations which it had of a large portion of the Church. Two formerly sustained, let him then risit of the engaged columns which ornathe choir in its present renovated state; ment this new pier, have been conand when he reflects on the expence structed in cast iron, and tinted uniform and attention which have been be.

with the stone; this appears in any stowed in restoring this sacred part of point of view an absurdiiy. If the mathe edifice alınost the state in which ierial was adopted on the ground of it shone before the ill judged zeal of economy, the saving must have been our early reformers, and the deplorable to trifling to render its adoption necesfanaticism of the puritanical bigots of sary; is, as I fear was the case, it was the commonwealth had defaced its fea- experimental, it is the more to be retures of splendour; when he witnesses gretted that for a whim the Cathedral the respect here paid to the illustrious should be disfigured, as it eventually dead by the preservation of their mo- will be when the colour of the iron in numents and their ashes, and contrasts process of time differs from the adjacent it with the devastations formerly com- stone work. mitted at Salisbury, by Wyatt, under Connected with this column is the the direction of Bishop Barrington, it Chantry Chapel of Bishop Edington, must afford to him unqualified satisfac- (the least ornamental of the six splendid tion both as an antiquary and a church- insulated oratories in this Cathedral,) man.

which has been rescued from the“ dust The substantial repairs of the Ca- and oblivion” of which Milner comthedral are not the least of the works plains, and restored to its original elewhich have been done; the timbers gance. The next work of magnitude and lead covering of the roofs, and other is the restoration of the altar screen; in particulars essential to the stability of this, canopied uiches, which had been the structure itself, have received great chiselled down to a plane surface, have expence and attention; the material parts been, reconstructed, the concavities of of the repairs consisting in the restora- others which had been filled up cleared tion of the decayed portions of the out, and the daniage which had been edifice: and here the faulty pillar which done by the addition of a canopy, and has been restored in the nave claims carvings displaying the architecture of priority of notice. Whoever surveys Wren and the sculptures of Griplin GibSee vol. LXXXIX. pt. ii. p. 307.

+ See vol. xcvi. pt. ii. p. 411.

312
Repairs of Winchester Cathedral.

(Oct. bing", as well as by the paint which I should considet an addition might had been bestowed by way of embellish. easily be made to the height to conceal ment, has been carefully repaired. The the backs of the stall canopies in the re-colouring of the bosses of the choir choir. ceiling, with their curious and interest- The Bishop's throne, one of the ing devices, and the restoration of the most splendid and elegant composistained glass of the eastern window, tions in wood-work of the present age, logether with other decayed portions was designed by Mr. Garbelt. It exof the ornamental stone work, in the hibits a splendid and elaborate niche interior; and the reconstruction of two of large diimensions, in a style of granflying buttresses, and several mullioned deur suited 10 the subject. The plan windows on the choir, together with is polygonal; the floor elevated on three the restoration of the Norman windows steps, and surrounded by a low breast in the north transept, which had been work. Above the Bishop's seat is an altered to receive muslions in the most acutely pointed canopy between two debased period of the pointed style, pinnacles; the principal canopy is commay conclude the summary of the re- posed first of two large pointed arches, novations which have been effected. one on each side, covered with tall

The new works are not the least acutely pointed pediments crocketted important. A choir screen of stone in on the angles, and ending in tinials. the Pointed style supplies the place of They are sustained on the one hand the incongrous but elegant Composite by the back of the throne, and on the one erected by Inigo Jones. The pre- other by uprights rising from the floor, sent is a subdued but excellent imita- decorated with angular caps, and endtion of the central western entrance to ing in pinnacles crowned with finials, the Cathedral; it has a single arch be- In front of these arches the canopy tween two rich niches, which may be projects in a semi-hexagon. The front regarded as restorations of those which division is composed of a large arch, Milner assigns to the statues of the ornamented as before; and the side diSaints Peter and Paul, destroyed by visions are formed of smaller ones of a iconoclastic violence. The present are correspondent character, the which are occupied by the bronze effigies of James separated by elegant crocketted pinand Charles, from the old screen, which nacles. The ceiling or soffit of the from the circumstance of being clad in canopy is richly groined; the whole is armour, are far less out of character in executed in strict accordance with the their present than in their former situa- stalls; the material is carved oak, and tion; as original specimens of costume has the appearance of a work of the they are valuable io the antiquary and age of Edward I. The minute and the historian.

varied ornaments, the sweeps in the The organ was intended to have arches, and the beautiful pannelling, I been removed from the north transept have not space to particularize in detail. to the west end of the choir, and in The whole is worthy of the Church it consequence this screen is lower than ornaments, and of the prelate who it ought to have been; the superior ranks the fifth in the hierarchy. The view of the choir, which is obtained present diocesan has evinced his attachin consequence of the unobtrusive situ- ment to the old and excellent instituation of the organ, fully compensates tions of the Church of England, by for this defect, and it is a matter of being personally enthroned in this beaucongratulation that the organ was not

tiful seat. removed. The idea of the screen I Opposite to the tbrone is the organ, am informed was given by Mr. Nasht. the case of which is similarly orna* Dr. Milner is wrong in supposing that

inented; it retires behind the line of

the side walls of the choir-in consethese particulars were set up by Charles the First. An inspection of almost any of the quence it holds that unobtrusive situaLondon Churches will prove the truth of tion which is desirable, the organ being this assertion.

in general too conspicuous. A fasti+ In the spandrils are shields : on one is dious critic may perhaps point out a the arms of the See in relief; in other doors

want of symmetry in its situation, the arms of the Bishop is generally found in but I feel certain no spectator of such situations, being set up in memory of taste would wish to sacrifice the fine his being a bepefactor; in the present in- vista of the middle aile 10 any pragmastance the other shield is blank. The screen

tical ideas of uniformity. was finished in the time of Bishop Tonline.

1828.]
Repairs of Winchester Cathedral.

313 The transepts, being the original un. painted at some time, and they have altered Normanor Bishop Walkelin, ori- now been varnished instead of being ginally displayed a naked timber roof, not polished, a defect however not chargeconcealed as in after works by a stone able on Mr. Garbeit. In the northvault; this has been judiciously co- eastern portion of this chapel, is now vered with a fat wooden ceiling, paint- fixed a very curious marble monument ed with quatrefoils, in the style of the for the heart of Bishop Ethelmar ; this period immediately preceding the Re- was formerly loose, and had no doubt formation, and though condemned by remained so ever since Bishop Fox reyour correspondent as the Member of constructed the choir, and inscribed a the Antiquarian Society," is executed new epitaph; it is now affixed to the sufficiently well 10 pass for a work of wall with a curious epitaph beneath; the above period. The design of this it is not given by Milner, but having addition emanated from Dr. Nott, a too antique an appearance for a modern lasteful member of the Chapter, who work, i conclude it is the original of has personally superintended the greater Fox's inscription, and was one of those part of the repairs.

duplicate epitaphs which evidently at The ceiling of the central tower was one time existed in this Cathedral in erected by Inigo Jones in the reign of other instances, being the originals of Charles the First, and is a copy of the those copied and reinscribed by Fox. ceiling of the Chapel of Wykeham's This inscription is as follows: College. The four corbel statues, which

* ETHELMARVS originally sustained the springing of the vault, although fresh painted and

TIBI COR MEUM DNE. gilt, were found to exhibit so ludicrous The splendid monumental chapels an appearance, as to give the idea of which form such elegant features in an itinerant Punchinella, rather than this Cathedral, each of which is an inthat of a sovereign ; these have been re. slependent building, are in fine presermoved, and dwarf clusters of three.co. vation ; that of Bishop Waynfeet is lumns substituted for them.

now undergoing repairs, and it is curious In one of the engravings in Dr. Milo to witness the care and attention disner's work, the former screens (com- played in the restoration of the minute posed of white-washed boards), which and delicately carved pinnacles, evinccut off the views of the transepts, are ing that the present age can furnish shewn; these bave been removed, and mechanics to execute any work, howin consequence, the view of the cruci- ever costly or elaborate, if proper enfix ailes, somewhat resembling in ar- couragement is given. rangement and situation the transepts Whilst on the Cathedral, I would of Westminster Abbey, are let into call to your readers' notice a beautiful view from the choir; the construction marble monument recently erected to of the new ceiling was therefore indis- the memory of the Rev. Mr. Iremonpensable, as the naked timber roof ger, a prebendary; it consists of an inwould haveill agreed with the splendour sulated altar tomb, on which lies a reand high finishing of the vault of the cuinbent effigy in the clerical babit, choir. The effect produced by letting on a mat rolled up at the head and feet; in the view of ihe transepts, can the sculptor is Chantrey, and he has scarcely be appreciated by any person shewn in the mild inaniinate features who has not seen the choir in iis former of the lifeless etfigy a grace and exstate, but judging from the view before pression which the most laboured group noticed, it is not the least improve. of nodern statuary generally fails to went which has taken place.

give. I cannot belier conclude this The decayed and infirm state of the long letter than by saying that the chapel behind the high altar, known whole of the works have been exeas De Lucy's work, notwithstanding cuted in solid wood and stone, and the repairs which have been bestowed that roman cement, compo, or other on it, is still very apparent; the walls expedients for producing false appearare out of the perpendicular in many ances, have been very properly avoided; situations, and much it is to be feared and, as a further merit, the various anthat a very considerable reconstruction cient fragments of paintings and sculpwill shorily be necessary. The clus. tures, and other vestiges of old times tered colunins have tastelessly been mentioned by Milner, may still be seen Gent. Mag. Ocloler, 1829.

at

314 Wansdikė.Mr. Bowles's Reply to Mr. Duke.

[Oct. in a perfect state, and that even the animal she was not to hunt! This is legendary paintings in the Lady Chapel, a question of probability--the reader so ably illustrated by Milner and Car- must determine. ter, have been carefully varnished. 30.--"But,” says Mr. Duke, inThe whole of the works have been ex- trenched in cycles and epicycles, ecuted at the expence of the Dean “ look here !-these two circles in and Chapter, upwards of 40,000l. hav- another circle, represent the Sun and ing been expended in the course of the Moon travelling together!"-"The repairs. The utmost praise is due to Sun and Moon never travel together them for their liberality, and I trust the two minutes," quoth Mr. Bowles ; "it excellent example set at Winchester is somewhat singular they should be will be followed by other Chapters. so represented in these mysterious cirYours, &c.

E. 1. C. cles ;" added to which THROUGH ALL

ANTIQUITY — the moon never was reMR. URBAN,

presented but by a HALF-CIRCLE, to I

CAN only say, in reply to Mr. distinguish her from the Sun, which

Duke, but with sincere respect, was represented invariably by a circle!! that, if he, by any argument or series But what answer does Mr. Duke make of arguments, can prove a Dike, with to the argument that the Sun and Moon a bank nearly forty feet high on one never travel together? side, yet so narrow at the bottom that “ The Sun and Moon,” replies Mr. two knife-grinders could not pass if Duke, “being Bowles's arms, travel they met, and which, in going twenty together on Bowles's CARRIAGE !!" miles, goes needlessly nine out of the Undoubtedly; but I am not convinced way; if Mr. Duke can prove such a that they who laid the first stones of Dike (and such your readers may de- the mysterious circles of Abury, ever pend upon it Wansdike * is) to have went over to Bremhill Parsonage to been constructed as a great public road, look Mr. Bowles's carriage!! by the same facility of argument he “But," Mr. Duke may say, “ I never would be able to prove that his epi- thought they did." - Then," Mr. cycles are cycles, his rounds squares, Bowles replies, “the projectors of and what people commonly call four Abury temple were left to represent to be five!

the Sun and Moon in the Heavens ; I stand upon the bare fact ;-I sup

and the Sun and Moon in the heavens press every suggestion out of respect to NEVER by any means travel together him, which might arise in my mind, two minutes !!" I unwillingly make --for the fact itself is an answer to his these remarks :--They are not meant hypothesis.

unkind or disrespectful. I was most 20.-As to the naine of Tan-hill unwilling to enter into the arena at being derived from Tanaris, I thought, all, as any one must know who reand still think, notwithstanding equal members how long it was before I felt cogency of argument to the contrary, myself called on-I will not say althat it is probable a hill near a Cellic most challenged-so to do. temple, the highest in the neighbour- I have only one

more wordI hood, might be called after the name know when New Sarum was built; of a Celtic Deity, when to that but I will give Mr. Duke all the addeity high hills were dedicated, rather vantage here: as he is strong, let than after a Grecian goddess, chiefly him be merciful! I evidently misthe goddess of groves ; when there is took one street for another, but this not here a single tree, when that god- was before I

" RÉSIDENTIARY” dess was a huntress, and when there is 'of that beautiful cathedral; so the no animal here but a hare,-the only mistake is excusable. But I shall know

belter after I have had three months • I am informed by a high military offi

residence on the spot; and I can cor, who attended the Duke of Wellington in all his battles, and as a general officer bas

assure my friend there is no one whom given a history of the campaign, that upon

I should be more happy to see, and

to welcome with the hospitalities of an accurate survey of Wansdike, he can fronounce it a fortification, taking advantage

a canonical house, than the gentleof all the salient points along the hill, with man, clergyman, magistrate, and schoas much art as is displayed in the celebrated lar, whom no one respects more than fortifications of Vauban, making allowance myself, though I must have much for different circumstances.

stronger arguments to persuade me that

was

1

1828.)
Anecdotes of Dr. Parr.

315 Wansdike, with its immense bank * to the best of his compositors, desiring and narrow bottom, was a road; that him to make what he could of it, and Tan-hill was derived, or could be des charge for his time. The plan sucrived from the Roman Goddess of ceeded; and thus, at length, after corGroves, Diana ; or that the Sun and rection, and re-correction, the work Moon were intended to be represented made its way through the press—but at Abury, both being there in the form at a greater expense, perhaps, for the of a circle, and so represented as to corrections alone, than would have travel together ! and having said this, been incurred by the employment of Cæstus resigno.

an amanuensis, to copy the work clean Yours, &c. W. L. BOWLES. for the printers.

2. Paper-sparing” Pope (as some. Mr. URBAN, West Square, Oct. 14. body has called him) has been accused

*F, in addition to the anecdotes of of pitiful parsimony, in writing the you think worth while to notice the backs and covers of his friends' letters following less important particulars, 10 him.- Dr. Parr practised similar they are at your service, from your old economy, but with an additional fea. friend, and constant reader,

ture: for he very neatly scraped out John CAREY. his name, though he suffered the rest 1. Dr. Parr (as is well known) wrote of the superscription to remain. This a very bad, and almost undecipherable may be thought improbable, and even hand; a circumstance, which caused somewhat inconsistent; but it is neverhis printing to come extravagantly dear theless true; and I assert it from ocular lo him; as, for example:

demonstration, as I, on more than Iv or about the year 1794, he had a one occasion, have seen and handled work ready for the press—so far as re- his MSS. about the year 1794, when lated to the composition; and nothing he was a contributor to the Critical semained, but to have it printed; for Review," with which I had some conwhich purpose he entrusted it to an nexion. eminent printer—Mr. Davis, of Chancery-lane. Mr. Davis put the MS.

Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, Oct. 15. into the hands of one compositor, and another, and another-but'in vain ; as

N the Gentleman's Magazine for IN

April 1826, is an interesting biothey all, in succession, chose rather to renounce their employment than to

graphical sketch of the life of that

eminent antiquary and enlightened orwaste their time unprofitably, in labouring to decipher what they found late Rev. J. B. Blakeway, M.A.F.A.S.

nament of the Church of England, the to be illegible ; so that it became a jocular by-word among them, that Dr. culiar of St. Mary in this town.

minister and official of the Royal PeParr's MS. was, virtually, a "warning

How severely his death was felt by to quit."

those who were in the constant habít Under these circumstances, Mr. Da- of listening to his eloquent and forcible vis, as his last resource, gave the MS. appeals from the pulpit, and how sin

cerely his sudden departure to immorThis bank, Mr. Duke seriously argued, tality was regretted by the inhabitants might have been constructed by the engineers of Shrewsbury generally, may in some of those times, as a shelter to the traveller in case it should rain! I grant that this

measure be estimated by the circumwas very considerate in those who construct

stance that immediately after his mortal ed such a road, secing the road made a dis- remains were consigned to the tomb, a tance of twenty miles, when it might have subscription was cominenced under the gone the same distance in twelve; seeing auspices of his curate the Rev. J. Watalso that for one thousandth part of the ex- kins, M.A. t for the

purpose

of erectpence, a sedan for the single travellers might have been provided at the bottom of the + This gentleman has since removed to a hill, or perhaps a neat carriage, furnished distance from Shrewsbury; but the exemwith the Sun and Moon (the Abury and plary manner in which he discharged the Bowles's arms !) on the pannels, both Sun duties of his ministerial office were not forand Moon, for greater effect, being painted gotten by the inhabitants of St. Mary's round, and the arms being surmounted with parish, they having since presented him with the TIPTOE MERCURY, of Silbury Hill, for a au elegant and valuable piece of plate as a erest!

small tostimony of their respect and esteem.

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