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Abuses in Ecclesiastical Courts.

303 themselves a violent death, and of per- though repeatedly urged by the witforming the sites of sepulture on their nesses to take their deposition as to the unburied remains. Horace, in one of state of the bell. his Odes, represents the philosopher By the constitution of this Court, Archytas. (the pupil of Plato), who strange as it may appear, the witnesses perished in a shipwreck, imploring the are examined privately by the Deputy charity of the passing sailor to consign Registrar, and upon


report alone, his body to the grave :

the Court professes itself bound to At tu, nauta, vagæ ne parce malignus

decide, and refused to examine the

witnesses, or hear them examined in Ossibus et capiti inhumato

open Court, so that the result of this Particulam dare." Odes, b. i. 28.

shameful conduct was, that the ClergyThe antiquity of this custom ap

man, in endeavouring to preserve the

bells of his Church, which it was his pears, from Proverbs xxvi. 3, to be very great, Shakspeare, describing the

bounden duty to do, was condemned death and interment of Ophelia, thus

in costs and expences to the enormous alludes to it, as generally practised at

annount of 1001. and upwards. the burial of suicides :

A Correspondent of yours, in the “ For charitable

Magazine for August, with the signa

prayers Shards, flints and pebbles, should be thrown

ture of PROPOSITOR, has given an exun her,

tract from a pamphlet upon the subject Yet here she is allowed her virgin crants,

of Ecclesiastical abuses, published in

the Her maiden strewments, and the bringing

year 1744, wherein one of the


sons in a dialogue complains of the Of bell and burial.”—Hamlet, Act v. cruel, tedious, and expensive processes It is also the practice in Catholic

of this Court at that period; but as he countries, in modern times, for pas

does not mention any specific instance sengers to throw a stone in passing at

of oppression, and facts are much more the foot of the double cross, which powerful than arguments, I hope the denotes an untimely grave. In Spain circumstance to which I have alluded, this is constantly seen at the monu

and am ready to prove before the House mental crosses erected in the highways of Commons, or in any other place, to those who have perished by the

with many additional aggravated inhands of robbers. To this prevailing

slances of oppression in the same Court, custom may also probably be traced may be a means of promoting an enthe origin of cairns in Scotland and quiry into the uses and abuses of these Wales.


relics of the Inquisition, and of form(To be continued.)

ing some regular plan either for the establishment of them upon a useful

and impartial foundation, or the aboliMr. URBAN,

Sept. 4.

tion of them in toto, as vexatious in Nyour Magazine for December the highest degree to every one cona letter of mine on the subject of Propositor, and every respectable perabuses in the Ecclesiastical Court, son, will join with me in a most ardent wherein I stated the circunstance of a wish, that during the present recess of Clergyman in my neighbourhood hav- legal and parliamentary business, some ing been under the necessity of pre- friend to his country and the commusenting one of his Church bells for nity in general will take these abuses being broken and useless during many into his most serious consideration, years, and the Churchwarden's refusal and promote an effectual reform. 10 renew or repair it. And I also Yours, &c.

INDAGATOR. stated, that in consequence of a complaint having been made of the enormous Mr. Urban, Muirtown, Sept. 11. ipes extorted by aner of the officers hoe In your hebben dabei vera Ferien Deputy Registrar), the evidence offered of Cuvier's " Animal Kingdom, &c.” to prove the charge, which was noto- as being Mr. Griffith's publication, and rious to the whole parish, and acknow- while you pay every due attention to ledged by the Church warden himself, the scriptural accounts, you reject the in his answer upon oath, was refused views of those who would circumscribe admission by this Deputy Registrar, the evidence of our senses by vain ex


Effects of Comets.-Hipocras.

(Oct. planations and limited ideas; by this

Mr. URBAN, Salop, Sept. 15. your review, it would appear that


. In addition to what your correspondproduced, lived, and perished at differ- zine, p. 576, has said on the Hipocras ent epochs upon this globe; and by wine of our forefathers, perhaps some some influence attending the cause of further particulars relating thereto may their destruction, that races of aniinals not be unacceptable to your readers. of new kinds have succeeded those de- Hipocras was a medicated wine held stroyed, whose remains form so just a in considerable repute by our ancestors, ground for contemplation to the philo- and was one of those offerings which sopher. What this cause of destruction corporate bodies presented io noble and of reproduction has been, I have personages. In an entertainment given often had the honour of being allowed by the town of Shrewsbury in 1495 to to state in your pages. The Egyptian Henry the Seventh, the following items symbol of a comet signifies destruction, appear in proof thereof: inundation, and renovation ; and froin “ 4s. for six flagons of wine, to make that, and Sir Isaac Newion's hypo- ypocras for the Queen. thesis, that the vital principle in the “ 13s. 9d. for spices and sugar (speciebus planetary globes was probably derived et sugur) to inake the same. from comets, I think it most probable, And again, in an entertainment bethat from the atmospheres of these stowed on Sir Henry Sidney, Lord bodies, the earth has at various times Deputy of Ireland, in 1558, been furnished with the means of re

“ It'm, on pottell of lepokrass, 3s. 4d. producing(through some bidden powers

“ More for a pottell of Ipocrasse given to of nature) ihe various races of animals

Mr. Justeece, 4s, 2d." which have flourished upon our globe, after being deluged by their attraction;

This wine has been considered to for facile est addere inventis ;' and

derive its name from υπo andl κεραννυμι ; though Sir Isaac does not go so far as I

and also from the great physician Hipdo in this speculation, it is easy to en

pocrates, who, as some presume, gave large the one idea into the other. I

the first formula for its preparation; and shall add, that we know of no other

10 have been introduced into England means by which deluges and renova

about the close of the 14th, or early in tion can be produced, than those which the 15th century, though it is a matter may be derived froin the only inter- of surprise our dramatic bard Shakference we know of, in the usual“ laws speare has made no mention of it in of heaven”--the near approaches of

his writings. We are certain of this, comets; this view once received, how

however, that it was in use as late as many probable effects may be found to

1603, for Mr. Pepys, in his Diary, follow, and justify the observation made vol. i. p. 250, observes, that at the some years ago by the Quarterly Re- Lord Mayor's dinner he drank no wine view, that many changes, as those of but Hypocras, " which do not break climate, &c. must probably be looked my vow, it being, to the best of my for, to astronomy:

present judgement, only a mixed comWhether this view, or Buffon's ideas, pound drink, and not any wine. If I as to the first animals being produced

am mistaken, God forgive me.' by so many of certain congenial atoms

Yours, &c.

H. P. flying into masses, is the most philosophical, probable, and rational, the pub- Mr. URBAN, lic shall be left to judge; but it is certain that we can be able only to form and renegade Thomas Paine, is probable speculations on the subject; contained a copy of an American law and what the effects of the different process served on the rogue for recovery atmospherical powers, and near ap- of a debi, which I think might be useproaches of different comets, may have fully adopted in this country. It is as been in bestowing vitality upon va- follows: rious animated beings, may in part be “ James Wilburn v. Thomas Paine.- Warguessed from the facts I have long

rant 50 Dols. Paulding, Marshal. Plainsince laid before the public in your tiff by Peter Paulding demands 35 Dols. pages.

for boarding Mrs. Bonneville at Defendant's Yours, &c.

H. R. D. request.

Sept. 9.

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Historical Notices of Denny Abbey.

305 « Defendant pleads non assumpsit. Ad- the transepts; and the short round journed until ii o'clock to morrow, Nor, columns, with semicircular arches, 21."

which separate the nave from the side In the same work, which is far ailes, plainly shew that this is a reliç from a flattering one to the memory of of the original priory Church founded Paine, some verses on the death of in 1160. The four columns which General Wolfe are ascribed to him, appear formerly to have sustained a beginning with this line :

central tower, were also standing within Ja a mouldering cave where the wretched a very short period, and two pieces of retreat."

one of them are now placed as piers on Are these verses, which have consi- each side the gate leading from the derable poetical merit, really the pro- high road to Denny farın. The eastern duction of that factious man I should part of the Church is said to have been think it unlikely. If I mistake not, I rebuilt after the settlement of the Mihave seen them in a collection of songs,

noresses here, but of this nothing inorę but do not renvember who, if any body, than a few of the foundation walls rewas named as the author.

main. There are also fragments of the Yours, &c.

J. P. R. antient monastery extant, but it would

be difficult to determine to what apart

mențs they belonged ; and none of Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 10.

them exhibit any ornamental features parish of Waterbeach, and hun- principal buildings seem either to have dred of North Stow, about midway be- been rebuilt or enlarged, as well as the tween Cambridge and Ely, at a very Church, after the nuns had been reshort distance from the turnpike road. moved hither from Waterbeach. The

There had been a religious society cloisters were about 30 yards by 23, in the parish of Waterbeach, establish

and abutting upon the north wall of ed as early as the reign of King Henry them stands ihe Refectory(which forms the Second, upou an insulated spot the subject of the accompanying encalled Elmeneye, given by Robert, graving, in which its north-east aspect Chamberlain to Conan Duke of Brit- is exhibited), remaining in a very perLany and Earl of Richmond, who after- fect state, though now appropriated as wards became a monk of Ely; but, on a barn. The style of its architecture account of the floods, the cell was re- is evidently that in use towards the moved to Denny, which was given for close of the 14th century, at which that purpose by Albericus Picot. The period the foundation was enriched by estates which belonged to this frater, the donations of Sir Philip Tylney and nity devolved subsequently to the Sir John Inglethorpe, knights, and seTeaplars, who possessed the manor of veral others. The interior of this handWaterbeach. They had their title con- some apartment was formerly wainfirmed by Pope Clement the Fifth, and scoted beneath the windows; and panretained the property until the abonels with Gothic tracery were painted lition of their order. King Edward the on the walls above. The whole of the Third granted their estates al Denny to precinct was surrounded with a bank Maria de Sancto Paulo, the widow of and ditch, yet visible at intervals, and Aymer De Valence, Earl of Pembroke, contains about three or four acres. who removed hither the nuns of Water- Denny Farm, which is one of the beach from their house in the village, most extensive in the county of Camfounded in 1293 by Lady Dionysia bridge, was formerly held by Thomas De Mountchensi, for minoresses of the Hobson, the celebrated carrier, who order of St. Clare. Twenty-five nuns erected at his own expence the conduit were in this society at the dissolution standing in the market-place at Camof religious houses, when the annual bridge, and bequeathed the rents of amount of their revenues was estimated, certain lands to keep it in perpetual according to Speed, at 218. 14d. repair.

I. GL. The portions of the antient buildings yet standing are of a very interest

Mr. URBAN, Cork, Sept. 30. ing description. The western part of


ANY reasons may be adduced to

prove that no coins yet discohouse, is nearly entire, together with vered can be assigned with any degree Gent. Mag. Ocloler, 1828.

of probability to Alexander I. and hat

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