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Dr. Molyneux to Mr. Locke.


Dublin, Nov. 26, 1698. As you have a true sense of every thing, so you were very much in the right, when you tell me, in the letter you favoured me with of the 27th of last month, that I needed all the consolation could be given one that had lost so unexpectedly a dear and only brother. His death indeed has been a severe affliction to me; and though I have you, and many more, that bear a great share with me in my sorrow, yet this does no way alleviate it, but makes it fall the heavier upon me; for it doubles my grief to think what an unspeakable loss he must be to so near a relation, that is so much lamented by those that were only acquainted with him. I could not believe that mortality could have made so deep an impression on me, whose profession leads into so thorough a familiarity with it; but I find a passionate affection surmounts all this, and the “ tecum obeam lubens,” though it was the expression of a poet, yet I am sensible was a very natural one, where we love extremely, and the Indians prove it no less in fact. Could any outward circumstance of his life have increased that brotherly affection I had for hini, it must have been that he had so great a part in your friendship, who must be allowed to have a nice judgment in discerning the true characters and worth of men. He frequently, in his lifetime, has expressed to me with great complacency of mind, how happy he thought himself in your acquaintance; and he spoke of you several times, during his short sickness, with great respect. With his own hand he has writ this clause in his will : “I give and bequeath to my excellent friend John Locke, esq. author of the Essay concerning Human Understanding, the sum of five pounds, to buy him a ring, in memory of the value and esteem I had for him.' This I shall take care to send you in a bill


by Mr. Churchill's hands, when he states the account as it stands between him and my brother. The only child he has left behind him is under my care and management. I shall endeavour to discharge this trust, with all the regard to my brother's memory, and the advantage of his child, I can : but it grieves me to think, that I must surely fall very much short of that extraordinary application and prudence his father would have shown in his education ; for he made it the chiefest, and indeed the only business of his life. I have made his little son as sensible as his tender age would allow, how much he is obliged to you, his father's friend, for your earnest desire to serve him : I wish you may both prolong your lives so, as he may one day be more thankful and capable of your kindness, by profiting much from your good instructions and advice. And since you so earnestly press me, by the memory of your deceased friend, to let you know wherein you might oblige me, I will venture to break the bounds of modesty so far, as to tell you I should be extremely pleased to receive from yourself the last edition of your incomparable Essay of Human Understanding, and such other pieces of your works as you shall think fit; for all which, as I have a great esteem, so I should have a more particular regard coming from yourself

, as a private memorial of my dear brother's friend, and of a person for whom I have such an extraordinary value, as I shall ever be proud of owning myself,

Your truly affectionate humble servant,


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Mr. Locke to Dr. Molyneux.


Oates, Jan. 25, 169;. I have been slower in returning you my thanks for the favour of your letter of the 26th of November, and the civilities you express to me in it, than perhaps I should have been. But the truth is, my thoughts never look towards Dublin now, without casting such a cloud upon my mind, and laying such a load of fresh

a sorrow on me for the loss of my dear friend, your brother, that I cannot without displeasure turn them that way; and when I do it I find myself very unfit for conversation and the entertainment of a friend. It is therefore not without pain that I bring myself to write you a scurvy letter.

letter. What there wants in it of expression, you must make up out of the esteem I have for the memory of our common friend; and I desire you not to think my respects to you less, because the loss of your brother makes me not able to speak them as I would.

Since you are pleased to put such a value on my trifles, I have given order to Mr. Churchill to send you my last reply to the bishop of Worcester, and the last edition of my treatise of Education, which came forth since Mr. Molyneux's death. I send this with the more confidence to you, because your brother told me more than once that he followed the method I therein offer to the world, in the breeding of his son. I wish you may find it fit to be continued to him, and useful to you in his education ; for I cannot but be mightily concerned for the son of such a father, and wish that he may grow up into that esteem and character, which his father left behind him amongst all good men who knew him. As for my Essay concerning Human Understanding, it is now out of print, and if it were not, I think I should make you but an ill compliment in sending it you less perfect than I design it should be in the next edition, in which I shall make many additions to it: and when it is as perfect as I can

make it, I know not whether in sending it you I shall not load you with a troublesome and useless present. But since by desiring it you seem to promise me your acceptance, I shall as soon as it is reprinted take the liberty to thrust it into your study. I am,

Your most humble and faithful servant,

Јону LocКЕ.





open air,


Ceremony, an excess of it con

trary to good-breeding, AFFECTATION,what, and whence

137, 138 it proceeds,

48 Certainty, an Irish bishop's letArithmetic, how children should ter against Mr. Locke's nolearn it, 172 tion of it,

439 Ashley (Anthony) See Cooper Children, how a healthful conand Shaftesbury.

stitution should be preserved Astronomy, how to enter chil

in them,

7 dren into it,


should be inured to cold and wet,

7-9 should be much in the


should not have their Beating of children, to be avoid- clothes strait,

13 ed,


should eat but little Bed, children to be used to a flesh,

14 22

what diet fittest for Blackmore, (sir Richard) Vid. them,

14, 15 Locke, Molyneux.

should not drink often, Bread, children should be accus- nor strong drink, 18, 19 tomed to eat it, 15-17

what fruit is bad for Breeding, wherein its goodness them, and what good, 19, 20 consists, and how to attain it,

what sleep should be 133 allowed them,

20, 21 Burridge undertakes to translate

should be used to Mr. Locke's Essay into Latin,

hard lodging,

21 367, 368

physic, sparingly to be given them,

26 C.

are often taught ill liabits in infancy,

27-31 Capel, (lord) bis high esteem

their eager craving of Mr. Locke, and his works, not to be complied with, 32, 369


hard one,

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