صور الصفحة
النشر الإلكتروني
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WO years ago we gave a picture of Trinity Church, Kandy, Ceylon, belonging to the C.M.S., and a portrait of its minister, the Rev. Henry Gunasekara, with a sketch of his life. We now present, on the centre pages of this number, a large picture of Kandy itself, the ancient capital of Ceylon. "Kandy," wrote the Rev. J. Ireland Jones in our own pages nine years ago, "is charmingly situated 1,600 feet above the level of the sea, and lies embedded in hills bright with the verdure of perpetual spring. At one end of the town a large artificial lake glitters in the beams of a tropical sun; groves of cocoa-nut palms wave their long leaves gracefully in the breeze; and rows of tulip-trees by the lake side and on its wide embankment afford a grateful shade, and by their bright foliage and rich yellow flowers add to the beauty of the scene." The town is the centre of Buddhism in Ceylon, and in its great temple is preserved the far-famed relic claiming to be a tooth of Buddha, one of the most sacred objects of Buddhist reverence in the world, which was solemnly exhibited to the Prince of Wales when on his Eastern tour in 1875.

When the British conquered Ceylon from the Dutch, at the end of the last century, they failed at first to subdue the Kandians, who were protected by their wild and rugged mountains; and it was not till 1817 that the whole country submitted. In the very next year, with the full concurrence of the then Governor, Sir R. Brownrigg, the C.M.S. established a Mission at Kandy; and from that day to this it has been faithfully carried on.

The Society's work in Kandy now is fourfold. (1) Trinity College, a bigh-class educational institution, of which the Rev. J. G. Garrett, M.A., is Principal. There are over 200 students, of various nationalities and religions. The interesting converts mentioned in the GLEANER of June were from this College. (2) The two Singhalese congregations, comprising together nearly 400 baptized Native Christians, with the Revs. Henry Gunasekara and Bartholomew Piris Wirasinha as pastors. (3) The Kandyan Itinerancy, a Mission to the Singhalese population of the whole hill-country in which Kandy is situated, which is carried on by the Revs. J. Ireland Jones and Johannes Perera Kalpagé. It has about 900 converts. (4) The Tamil Cooly Mission, which is to the coolies on the coffee estates in that same hill-country, who are not Singhalese in race and language, but Tamils, and most of whom come over from South India. Of these there are 1,400 Christians. The missionaries are the Revs. W. E. Rowlands, H. Horsley, F. Glanvill, and Pakkyanathan Peter.

Let the picture of Kandy on the middle pages often remind us of these varied agencies for the spread of the Gospel, and stir us up to pray that they may be abundantly blessed one and all.


HE Rev. J. G. Deimler, of Bombay, has baptized a young Mohammedan from Aurangabad, a town in what is called the Nizam's territory, in Central India, an independent Mohammedan state. His story is remarkable. He was a Persian writer under the Nizam's Government, and his father and uncle, "of a very respectable and influential family of the Sayids," are maulvis (learned doctors or teachers) and also government servants. He was on a visit to the latter, who is a first assistant-judge at Aurangabad, and came under the influence there of the Rev. Ruttonji Nowroji, the C.M.S. Native missionary, who thus relates what occurred:

A learned Mohammedan came to discuss with me. He had read the Gospel of St. Matthew, which I had given to one of his pupils, and wished to dispute with me on the supposed discrepancies of the Gospel narrative. Our conversation, carried on in a quiet and friendly manner, lasted for four hours, during which time four or five of his pupils sat quietly listening to us, none of them daring to take part in it in their master's presence. One of them was much impressed with the fact that while Mohammed died and rose not again, Christ died and rose again, and is now, according to the teaching of the Koran, in the fourth heaven. As soon as he got opportunity, he asked his teacher to explain to him the reason of this great difference. His master desired him to fetch two


stones, one larger than the other, and to put them in the scales. hold up the scales, and see which of the two stones lies nearest to the earth. Is it not the heavier one? It is for the same reason that Christ, being lighter, has gone up into heaven; but Mohammed, being heavier, lies low in the ground." This strange reasoning has had a contrary effect upon the youth, for the fact of Christ's having risen again from the dead convinced him of the truth of Christianity. He began to come to me privately, and after a few visits he earnestly desired me to baptize him both expeditely and privately. I firmly objected to accede to his wishes, for I felt sure he needed further instruction, and a private baptism was not desirable for any one who wished to take up his cross before the world. But sympathising with his fears of meeting with fierce opposition from his people, I sent him to Mr. Deiuler. Mr. Deimler now takes up the story:

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The poor fellow now realised for the first time what it is to forsake parents and relations for Christ's sake. He asked Mr. Ruttonji, with tears in his eyes, whether he would experience the same kindness and sympathy in Bombay which he had received from him. He found a home in the Hostel; and after a couple of months, being persuaded of his sincerity, I baptized him in the presence of a considerable number of Mohammedan converts, and other Christian friends. Amongst the former was our dear brother, Maulvi Sayed Safdar Ali, AssistantCommissioner in the Central Provinces.

The usual difficulty of putting this youth in the way of supporting himself presented itself most forcibly to my mind. Having been in prosperous circumstances, he was unaccustomed to the fare and clothes of a poor man. He was for the first time away from his parental home, and bereft of parents dear to him, and of home comforts. His case deserved sympathising consideration, and his faith could not be taxed beyond endurance. He had escaped from his home with only one suit of clothes, and with no money. In this embarrassment I addressed myself to my tried friend, Mr. Clark, of Amritsar, asking bis advice and assistance. Mr. Clark consulted with Mr. Baring, of Batala, and before long I had the cheering reply that Mr. Baring was glad to receive the youth, and to do what he could for him; that I could not do better for him than send him to Batala, which was the best place in all North India for young converts, and that he would have the same prospects as other young Christians. Thus my fears were removed. I was ashamed of my little faith, and truly thankful to God for His help in the time of need, and also to the dear friends in the Panjab.

GLEANER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION, 1883. HE Missionary Competitive Examination for the year 1883 will be held on Tuesday, January 8th, 1884.

The subject of the Examination will be the Twelve Numbers of the GLEANER for 1883.

The Examination will be conducted at as many local centres as the Society's friends in the various towns and districts may be able to arrange. Candidates must be not less than fourteen years of age; all persons over that age are eligible.

There will be two Standards, A and B. Candidates may enter for either.

There will be one Question Paper; but certain questions will be marked as more difficult. All candidates who attempt any of these will be counted in Standard A; and those who confine themselves to the easier questions, in Standard B.

In each Standard successful candidates will be placed in two classes. Candidates in either class and in either Standard will receive Certificates of Merit.

There will be several prizes of books in each Standard. The value of prizes in Standard A will range from 5s, to a guinea, and in Standard B from 4s. to 8s.

Every candidate must pay an entrance fee of one shilling. Intending competitors must apply, not to the Parent Society, but to the local clergy or secretaries of Associations; and to them the entrance fee must be paid.

Clergymen and other friends of the Society desirous of arranging for the Examination to be held in their districts, are requested to communicate with the Editorial Secretary, Church Missionary House, Salisbury Square, E.C. Their duties will be (1) To invite competitors in their town or district; (2) To provide a room for them to be examined in on the afternoon or evening of January 8th, 1884, and also pens, ink, paper, &c.; (3) To remit the amount of entrance fees to the Parent Society, receive the Question Papers, and send up the answers; (4) To make proper arrangements for the due observance of the conditions of the Examination, Detailed instructions will be sent in good time to those applying for them.

By the Author of " England's Daybreak," "The Good News in
Africa," &c.

N February, 1830, the venerable Apostle of the Island, Samuel Marsden, paid them his sixth visit. He arrived at a critical juncture. War had broken out afresh. The country round Paihia was filled with fighting men, an engagement had taken place, and the beach was stained with Maori blood. In the midst of it all, tidings flew abroad that Mr. Marsden was on the ship which had just been seen to enter the bay. The venerated name acted like a charm, and no sooner had he landed than the wild combatants invited him to mediate between them. Age and infirmities could not, as we can well believe, hinder him from doing his utmost to bring about peace. He passed from island to island, and thence to the mainland, over and over again, engaged in anxious negotiations, and sparing neither toil nor trouble to allay the furious passions which had been aroused. It was many days before he could succeed in putting a stop to the actual bloodshed, though his heart must have been greatly cheered in the interval by the conduct of the Christian converts. More than a hundred, unmoved by the intense excitement going on around, went on quietly with their daily duties, never even leaving their work to see what was going on! and the greater part assembling as usual in the evenings for spiritual instruction. On the Sabbath day this was especially remarkable. In Mr. Marsden's own words, "The contrast between the east and west sides of the bay was very striking, though only two miles distant. The east shore was crowded with fighting men of different tribes, in a wild, savage state; many of them nearly naked, and when exercising, entirely so. Nothing was to be heard but the firing of muskets, and the din and confusion of a savage military camp; some mourning the death of their friends, others suffering from wounds. On the west side was the pleasant sound of the church-going bell, the natives assembling together for Divine worship, clean, orderly, and decently dressed, most of them in European clothing. All carried in their hands the Litany and greatest part of the Church Service, and some hymns, printed in their own tongue; and their whole conduct and appearance reminded me of a well-regulated English country parish." What a subject for a missionary address the pictures of these two sides of the bay would have afforded, could they have been presented to the mental sight in their living reality!

The work of Divine grace in individual hearts was not less striking. Taiwunga's baptism was mentioned in our last chapter. He was a relation of Hongi's, and once an eager comrade in his sanguinary wars, and from his rank and influence, as well as his naturally strong passions, passed through many and deep struggles before he could receive the yoke of Him who is "meek and lowly in heart." After his baptism he came out as boldly on the Lord's side as he had formerly been distinguished on that of the evil one. He fearlessly rebuked He fearlessly rebuked sin in the heathen around, while his own earnest submission to the will of God was remarkable. Once, when his children were taken ill, he humbly remarked, "I am an obstinate child and God is whipping me.'

One of those baptized by Mr. Marsden during this visit was once a poor sickly, stupid-looking slave-girl, who received the name of Betsy. Good food, kind treatment, and careful training had transformed her into a valuable servant, and after the baptisms of Taiwunga and his companions, she went to her teacher, Miss Davis, and told her that she could delay no longer, she must give herself to God at once, entreating that she would plan some time in which to talk to them of the exceeding love of Christ in dying for sinners. One can imagine how joyfully the

missionary's daughter complied with this request, and the poor girl's growth in grace was remarkable. She ultimately died in consumption, and during her last illness showed the deepest concern for the salvation of others. Over one whose indifference grieved her, she would weep and say, "Oh, Tuari, Tuari, it will not be long before I am gone from you, and why do you not believe? Do you think God will not listen to your prayers? Yes, He will, for His love is great, it lasteth for ever. If you go the right way to find Christ, you will love Him too well to leave Him again. He will hide your sins in His sepulchre, He will wash your heart in His blood; and when you are washed from your sins you will be happy, but not till then." She would reprove vain or trivial conversation, saying, "These things will do you no good when Jesus comes to judgment. When I think of my former sins, it makes my heart very dark and miserable; but then I pray, and God hides my sins from me, and puts His Spirit into my heart, and that makes it light again. My pain is great," sho answered once, in reply to some expression of sympathy," but it is nothing to what my Saviour suffered. I feel happy; Christ is waiting at the end of the road, I want to go.' Thus the cannibal chieftain and the dying slave-girl alike manifested the fruits of the Spirit.

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A spirit of earnest inquiry was at this time poured out on very many. Hitherto the people had passed their leisure in dancing, singing, or sleeping; now they met together in little bands to read or pray, and visited the missionaries to obtain further instruction. Mr. W. Williams wrote: "The interest formerly manifested by a few has become almost general, and the cry, as soon as evening prayers are over, is, 'May we not come to you and talk?'" Indeed the evenings of all the missionaries at Paihia were taken up in conversations with the newly awakened. Sometimes twenty or thirty would come together for general instruction; others would seek a private interview to converse with more freedom about their own state of mind. The evidence given by one and another that the Spirit of God was really at work in their hearts was most cheering. Some could speak of their strong desire to give up their hearts to God, others expressed the same desire, but with sorrow that as yet it was so feeble. One came to pour out his gladness in the light that had visited his soul, while another grieved over a season of backsliding, the result of intercourse with heathen relatives. Here is one amongst the many notes handed to their teachers :

"Brother of Mr. Williams, I think much of Jesus Christ. His love to my heart is very great. I am a very bad man. My sins were lately very many, but they have been taken away by Jesus Christ. His love does not disappear. The affection in my heart towards Him is very great. I cannot hide the affection of my heart. The joy of the Holy Spirit in my heart is very great. Because I have a great heart I write to you. This letter is written by me, Wakaraé."


Before Mr. Marsden left, he arranged with the missionaries. for the establishment of a new settlement, and Waimate, Hongi's former residence, was fixed upon as the most desirable locality. It was a good situation, bounded on one side by a beautiful river, and less depopulated than other districts, as it was long since its fierce inhabitants had suffered any to attack them. Now, however, a change was passing over them. At a meeting held in order to complete the purchase of land, an old chief arose and said, "Be gentle with the missionaries, for they are gentle with you; do not steal from them, for they do not steal from you; let them sit in peace on the ground they have bought, and let us listen to their advice, and come to their prayers. Though there are many of us, missionaries and natives, let us be all one, all one, all one.

This is all I have to say." His excellent counsel

was followed. This station was spared the trials which had attended the commencement of the others. There were no rude attacks, or attempts at plunder. Though it was months before they could have locks upon their doors, &c., their property

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remained untouched. The name Waimate means "water for the sick," and is given to the district because there is a healing spring near by. The fountain of living waters was now unsealed for its thirsty people, and they were not slow to drink and live. Before many months had elapsed there were 135 under regular instruction. Three years after, and the missionary could testify, in describing a Sabbath at this station, "Long ere the morning service begins, you see the natives collecting in little groups round the chapel, reading or listening to the Word of God. Often the chapel is filled five minutes after the door is opened, and many are generally obliged to stand outside. The rest of the day corresponds to this; all is order and silence, except that you may occasionally hear the voice of praise ascending from the little cottages, where perhaps two or three families have met together for this purpose." God's people had waited on Him for the blessing, and it had surely come, it had not tarried. E. D.


F our readers will turn back to the GLEANER of April, 1881, they will find a very clear map of East and Central Africa, made at that time expressly for their use. That map shows the intermediate stations of the Victoria Nyanza Mission. This Mission, as our friends know, is a Mission to Uganda, the country of King Mtesa; but from the beginning it was felt that if our missionaries were to plunge 800 miles into the heart of the Dark

Continent, others would have to be stationed at two or three places on the road, so that communications might be kept up, and one party help the other. The Society has now three (we hope by this time four) such stations between the coast and the great Lake, all of which are marked on that map: first, Mamboia, nearly 200 miles up the country; then Mpwapwa, some fifty miles further; then Uyui, 300 miles on towards the northwest; lastly, 150 miles to the north, a station at Kagei, or some other place at the south end of the Lake. Then the Lake has to be crossed (nearly 200 miles) and we are in Uganda.

UYUI is a collection of villages about twenty miles north-east of Unyanyembe, the great centre of trade in that part of Africa, familiar to all readers of African travels. The country here, a very large one, is called U-Nyamwezi, and the people Wa-Nyamwezi.* The chief of Uyui is Mayembe-gana, which means "Hundred Spades." The place was first visited by Lieut. Smith in 1876, and afterwards by the Rev. C. T. Wilson, both of whom recommended it for a station. On Oct. 6th, 1878, Mr. C. Stokes and Mr. A. J. Copplestone arrived, built a house, and established but from thence they afterwards returned, and on Oct. 15th, a depôt for stores. They had, however, to go on to Uganda; 1877, Mr. Copplestone took up his abode permanently at Uyui, and there he has laboured patiently and prayerfully until this year, when he has come home to rest and recruit after more than

*As we have mentioned before, in most East African languages the prefixes U, Wa, M, Ki, denote respectively the country, the people, an individual, and the language. Thus, U-Gogo, the country; Wa-Gogo, the people; M-Gogo, one of the Wa-Gogo; Ki-Gogo, the language of U-Gogo.

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