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“ Now

KANDY.

stones, one larger than the other, and to put them in the scales.

hold up the scales, and see which of the two stones lies nearest to the WO years ago we gave a picture of Trinity Church, Kandy,

earth. "Is it not the heavier one? It is for the same reason that Christ, Ceylon, belonging to the C.M.S., and a portrait of its being lighter, has gone up into heaven; but Mohammed, being heavier,

lies low in the ground.” This strange reasoning has had a contrary effect minister, the Rev. Henry Gunasekara, with a sketch of his

upon the youth, for the fact of Christ's having risen again from the dead life. We now present, on the centre pages of this number, convinced him of the truth of Christianity. He began to come to me

a large picture of Kandy itself, the ancient capital of Ceylon. privately, and after a few visits he earnestly desired me to baptize him “Kandy," wrote the Rev. J. Ireland Jones in our own pages nine years

both expeditely and privately. I firmly objected to accede to his wishes, ago, “is charmingly situated 1,600 feet above the level of the sea, and

for I felt sure he needed further instruction, and a private baptism was

not desirable for any one who wished to take up his cross before the lies embedded in hills bright with the verdure of perpetual spring. At

world. But sympathising with his fears of meeting with fierce opposition one end of the town a large artificial lake glitters in the beams of a from his people, I sent him to Mr. Deimler. tropical sun; groves of cocoa-nut palms wave their long leaves gracefully Mr. Deimler now takes up the story : in the breeze; and rows of tulip-trees by the lake side and on its wide

The poor fellow now realised for the first time what it is to forsake embankment afford a grateful shade, and by their bright foliage and rich

parents and relations for Christ's sake. He asked Mr. Ruttonji, with yellow flowers add to the beauty of the scene.” The town is the centre tears in his eyes, whether he would experience the same kindness and of Buddhism in Ceylon, and in its great temple is preserved the far-famed sympathy in Bombay which he had received from him. He found a home relic claiming to be a tooth of Buddha, one of the most sacred objects of in the Hostel; and after a couple of months, being persuaded of bis Buddhist reverence in the world, which was solemnly exhibited to the

sincerity, I baptized him in the presence of a considerable number of

Mohammedan converts, and other Christian friends. Amongst the Prince of Wales when on his Eastern tour in 1875.

former was our dear brother, Maulvi Sayed Safdar Ali, AssistantWhen the British conquered Ceylon from the Dutch, at the end of the Commissioner in the Central Provinces. last century, they failed at first to subdue the Kandians, who were pro- The usual difficulty of putting this youth in the way of supporting tected by their wild and rugged mountains; and it was not till 1817 that

himself presented itself most forcibly to my mind. Having been in the whole country submitted. In the very next year, with the full con

prosperous circumstances, he was unaccustomed to the fare and clothes currence of the then Governor, Sir R. Brownrigg, the C.M.S. established

of a poor man. He was for the first time away from his parental

home, and bereft of parents dear to him, and of home comforts. His a Mission at Kandy; and from that day to this it has been faithfully

case deserved sympathising consideration, and his faith could not be carried on.

taxed beyond endurance. He had escaped from his home with only one The Society's work in Kandy now is fourfold. (1) Trinity College, a suit of clothes, and with no money. In this embarrassment I addressed bigh-class educational institution, of which the Rev. J. G. Garrett, M.A.,

myself to my tried friend, Mr. Clark, of Amritsar, asking bis advice and

assistance. Mr. Clark consulted with Mr. Baring, of Batala, and before long is Principal. There are over 200 students, of various nationalities and

I had the cheering reply that Mr. Baring was glad to receive the youth, religions. The interesting converts mentioned in the GLEANER of June

and to do what he could for him ; that I could not do better for him than were from this College.“ (2) The two Singhalese congregations, com- send him to Batala, wbich was the best place in all North India for young prising together nearly 400 baptized Native Christians, with the Revs. converts, and that he would have the same prospects as other young Henry Gunasekara and Bartholomew Piris Wirasinha as pastors. (3) The

Christians. Thus my fears were removed. I was ashamed of my little Kandyan Itinerancy, a Mission to the Singhalese population of the whole

faith, and truly thankful to God for His help in the time of need, and

also to the dear friends in the Panjab. hill-country in which Kandy is situated, which is carried on by the Revs. J. Ireland Jones and Johannes Perera Kalpage. It has about 900 converts. (4) The Tamil Cooly Mission, which is to the coolies on the coffee estates in that same bill-country, who are not Singhalese in race and language, but Tamils, and most of whom come over from South India.

HE Missionary Competitive Examination for the year 1883 Of these there are 1,400 Christians. The missionaries are the Revs.

will be held on Tuesday, January 8th, 1884. W. E. Rowlands, H. Horsley, F. Glanvill, and Pakkyanathan Peter.

The subject of the Examination will be the Twelve Let the picture of Kandy on the middle pages often remind us of these

Numbers of the GLEANER for 1883.

The Examination will be conducted at as many local varied agencies for the spread of the Gospel, and stir us up to pray that

centres as the Society's friends in the various towns and they may be abundantly blessed one and all.

districts may be able to arrange.

Candidates must be not less than fourteen years of age; all persons over that age are eligible.

There will be two Standards, A and B. Candidates may enter for CONVERSION OF A YOUNG MOHAMMEDAN. either. HE Rev. J. G. Deimler, of Bombay, has baptized a young

There will be one Question Paper; but certain questions will be

marked as more difficult. All candidates who attempt any of these will Mohammedan from Aurangabad, a town in what is called be counted in Standard A; and those who confine themselves to the the Nizam's territory, in Central India, an independent easier questions, in Standard B. Mohammedan state. His story is remarkable. He was a In each Standard successful candidates will be placed in two classes. Persian writer under the Nizam's Government, and his

Candidates in either class and in either Standard will receive Certificates

of Merit. father and uncle, "of a very respectable and influential family of the

There will be several prizes of books in each Standard. The value of Sayids,” are maulvis (learned doctors or teachers) and also government prizes in Standard A will range from 56. to a guinea, and in Standard B servants. He was on a visit to the latter, who is a first assistant-judge at from 4s, to 8s. Aurangabad, and came under the influence there of the Rev. Ruttonji Every candidate must pay an entrance fee of one shilling. Nowroji, the C.M.S. Native missionary, who thus relates what oc

Intending competitors must apply, not to the Parent Society, but to curred :

the local clergy or secretaries of Associations ; and to them the entrance

fee must be paid. A learned Mohammedan came to discuss with me. He had read the Clergymen and other friends of the Society desirous of arranging for Gospel of St. Matthew, which I had given to one of his pupils, and wished the Examination to be held in their districts, are requested to communi. to dispute with me on the supposed discrepancies of the Gospel narrative. cate with the Editorial Secretary, Church Missionary House, Salisbury Our conversation, carried on in a quiet and friendly manner, lasted for Square, E.C. Their duties will be (1) To invite competitors in their four hours, during which time four or five of his pupils sat quietly town or district; (2) To provide a room for them to be examined in on listening to us, none of them daring to take part in it in their master's the afternoon or evening of January 8th, 1884, and also pens, ink, paper, presence. One of them was much impressed with the fact that while &c.; (3) To remit the amount of entrance fees to the Parent Society, Mohammed died and rose not again, Christ died and rose again, and is receive the Question Papers, and send up the answers; (4) To make now, according to the teaching of the Koran, in the fourth heaven. As

proper arrangements for the due observance of the conditions of the soon as he got opportunity, he asked his teacher to explain to him the Examination, Detailed instructions will be sent in good time to those reason of this great difference. His master desired him to fetch two applying for them.

GLEANER COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION, 1883.

If you go

of my

THE STORY OF THE NEW ZEALAND MISSION. missionary's daughter complied with this request, and the poor By the Author of England's Daybreak,The Good News in

girl's growth in grace was remarkable. She ultimately died in Africa," &c.

consumption, and during her last illness showed the deepest

concern for the salvation of others. Over one whose indifference VIII.

grieved her, she would weep and say, “Oh, Tuari, Tuari, it will N February, 1830, the venerable Apostle of the Island, not be long before I am gone from you, and why do you not

Samuel Marsden, paid them his sixth visit. He believe? Do you think God will not listen to your prayers ?
arrived at a critical juncture. War had broken out Yes, He will, for His love is great, it lasteth for ever.
afresh. The country round Paihia was filled with the right way to find Christ, you will love Him too well to leave

fighting men, an engagement had taken place, and Him again. He will hide your sins in His sepulchre, He will the beach was stained with Maori blood. In the midst of it all

, wash your heart in His blood; and when you are washed from tidings flew abroad that Mr. Marsden was on the ship which had your sins you will be happy, but not till then.” She would just been seen to enter the bay. The venerated name acted like reprove vain or trivial conversation, saying, “ These things will | a charm, and no sooner had he landed than the wild combatants do you no good when Jesus comes to judgment. When I think invited him to mediate between them. Age and infirmities could former sins, it makes my heart very dark and miserable ; not, as we can well believe, hinder him from doing his utmost to but then I pray, and God hides my sins from me, and puts His bring about peace. He passed from island to island, and thence Spirit into my heart, and that makes it light again. My pain is to the mainland, over and over again, engaged in anxious great,” sho answered once, in reply to some expression of negotiations, and sparing neither toil nor trouble to allay the sympathy, “ but it is nothing to what my Saviour suffered. I feel furious passions which had been aroused. It was many days happy; Christ is waiting at the end of the road, I want to go. ” before he could succeed in putting a stop to the actual bloodshed, Thus the cannibal chieftain and the dying slave-girl alike though his heart must have been greatly cheered in the interval manifested the fruits of the Spirit. by the conduct of the Christian converts. More than a hundred, A spirit of earnest inquiry was at this time poured out on unmoved by the intense excitement going on around, went on very many. Hitherto the people had passed their leisure in quietly with their daily duties, never even leaving their work to dancing, singing, or sleeping; now they met together in little see what was going on! and the greater part assembling as bands to read or pray, and visited the missionaries to obtain usual in the evenings for spiritual instruction. On the Sabbath further instruction. Mr. W. Williams wrote: " The interest day this was especially remarkable. In Mr. Marsden's own formerly manifested by a few has become almost general, and words, “The contrast between the east and west sides of the bay the cry, as soon as evening prayers are over, is, ‘May we not was very striking, though only two miles distant. The east

come to you and talk ?'” Indeed the evenings of all the shore was crowded with fighting men of different tribes, in a missionaries at Paihia were taken up in conversations with the wild, savage state ; many of them nearly naked, and when newly awakened. Sometimes twenty or thirty would come exercising, entirely so. Nothing was to be heard but the firing together for general instruction ; others would seek a private of muskets, and the din and confusion of a savage military interview to converse with more freedom about their own state of camp; some mourning the death of their friends, others suffer- mind. The evidence given by one and another that the Spirit of ing from wounds. On the west side was the pleasant sound of God was really at work in their hearts was most cheering. Some the church-going bell, the natives assembling together for Divine could speak of their strong desire to give up their hearts to God, worship, clean, orderly, and decently dressed, most of them in others expressed the same desire, but with sorrow that as yet it European clothing. All carried in their hands the Litany and was so feeble. One came to pour out his gladness in the light greatest part of the Church Service, and some hymns, printed in that had visited his soul, while another grieved over a season of their own tongue ; and their whole conduct and appearance backsliding, the result of intercourse with heathen relatives. Here reminded me of a well-regulated English country parish.” is one amongst the many notes handed to their teachers :What a subject for a missionary address the pictures of these two sides of the bay would have afforded, could they have been

“ Brother of Mr. Williams, I think much of Jesus Christ. His love to

my heart is very great. I am a very bad man. My sins were lately very presented to the mental sight in their living reality!

many, but they have been taken away by Jesus Christ. His love does The work of Divine grace in individual hearts was not less not disappear. The affection in my heart towards Him is very great. I striking. Taiwunga's baptism was mentioned in our last cannot hide the affection of my heart. The joy of the Holy Spirit in my chapter. He was a relation of Hongi's, and once an eager This letter is written by me, Wakaraó.”

heart is very great. Because I have a great heart I write to you. comrade in his sanguinary wars, and from his rank and influence, as well as his naturally strong passions, passed through many Before Mr. Marsden left, he arranged with the missionaries and deep struggles before he could receive the yoke of Him who for the establishment of a new settlement, and Waimate, Hongi's is “meek and lowly in heart." After his baptism he came out former residence, was fixed upon as the most desirable locality. as boldlyon the Lord's side as he had formerly been It was a good situation, bounded on one side by a beautiful river, distinguished on that of the evil one. He fearlessly rebuked and less depopulated than other districts, as it was long since its sin in the heathen around, while his own earnest submission to fierce inhabitants had suffered any to attack them. Now, howthe will of God was remarkable. Once, when his children were ever, a change was passing over them. At a meeting held in taken ill, he humbly remarked, "I am an obstinate child and order to complete the purchase of land, an old chief arose and God is whipping me.'

said, “Be gentle with the missionaries, for they are gentle with One of those baptized by Mr. Marsden during this visit was you; do not steal from them, for they do not steal from you ; once a poor sickly, stupid-looking slave-girl, who received the let them sit in peace on the ground they have bought, and let us name of Betsy. Good food, kind treatment, and careful training listen to their advice, and come to their prayers. Though there had transformed her into a valuable servant, and after the are many of us, missionaries and natives, let us be all one, all baptisms of Taiwunga and his companions, she went to her one, all one. This is all I have to say." His excellent counsel teacher, Miss Davis, and told her that she could delay no longer, was followed. This station was spared the trials which had she must give herself to God at once, entreating that she would attended the commencement of the others. There were no rude plan some time in which to talk to them of the exceeding love of attacks, or attempts at plunder. Though it was months before Christ in dying for sinners. One can imagine how joyfully the they could have locks upon their doors, &c., their property remained untouched. The name Waimate means "water for the Continent, others would have to be stationed at two or three sick," and is given to the district because there is a healing places on the road, so that communications might be kept up, spring near by. The fountain of living waters was now un- and one party help the other. The Society has now three (we sealed for its thirsty people, and they were not slow to drink and hope by this time four) such stations between the coast and the live. Before many months bad elapsed there were 135 under great Lake, all of which are marked on that map: first, Mamregular instruction. Three years after, and the missionary could boia, nearly 200 miles up the country; then Mpwapwa, some testify, in describing a Sabbath at this station, “ Long ere the fifty miles further; then Uyui, 300 miles on towards the northmorning service begins, you see the natives collecting in little west; lastly, 150 miles to the north, a station at Kagei, or some groups round the chapel, reading or listening to the Word of God. other place at the south end of the Lake. Then the Lake bas Often the chapel is filled five minutes after the door is opened, to be crossed (nearly 200 miles) and we are in Uganda. and many are generally obliged to stand outside. The rest of Uyui is a collection of villages about twenty miles north-east the day corresponds to this; all is order and silence, except that of Unyanyembe, the great centre of trade in that part of Africa, you may occasionally hear the voice of praise ascending from the familiar to all readers of African travels. The country here, a little cottages, where perhaps two or three families have met very large one, is called U-Nyamwezi, and the people Wa-Nyamtogether for this purpose.” God's peoplo had waited on Him for wezi.* The chief of Uyui is Mayembe-gana, which means the blessing, and it had surely come, it had not tarried.

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E. D.

“ Hundred Spades.” The place was first visited by Lieut. Smith in 1876, and afterwards by the Rev. C. T. Wilson, both of whom

recommended it for a station. Ou Oct. 6th, 1878, Mr. C. Stokes UYUI, CENTRAL AFRICA.

and Mr. A. J. Copplestone arrived, built a house, and established F our readers will turn back to the GLEANER of but from thence they afterwards returned, and on Oct. 15th,

a depôt for stores. They had, however, to go on to Uganda ; April, 1881, they will find a very clear map of East 1877, Mr. Copplestone took up his abode permanently at Uyui, and Central Africa, made at that time expressly for

and there he has laboured patiently and prayerfully until this their use.

That map shows the intermediate stations of the Victoria Nyanza Mission. This Mission, as

year, when he has come home to rest and recruit after more than our friends know, is a Mission to Uganda, the country of King * As we have mentioned before, in most East African languages the preMtesa ; but from the beginning it was felt that if our mission

fixes U, Wa, M, Ki, denote respectively the country, the people, an individual,

and the language. Thus, U-Gogo, the country; Wa.Gogo, the people; M-Gogo. aries were to plunge 800 miles into the heart of the Dark one of the Wa-Gogo; Ki-Gogo, the language of U-Gogo.

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five years

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caravan

in Africa. Most of the time he was alone; but the and not without fruit ? So far, Uyui has been the most unRev. G. Litchfield was with him for some months in 1880 ; promising of the stations. The chief, though not personally unand on Sept. 2nd last year, the last new Nyanza party friendly, will not allow the children to come to school; and the arrived, two of its members, the Revs. J. Blackburn and W. J. people are truly “of the earth, earthy.” But so much the more Edmonds, being commissioned to strengthen the Uyui Mis- reason for perseverance and prayer. For the souls of the Wasion. But although man

Nyamwezi the Lord Jesus proposes, God disposes; and

died; and from them aswhile Mr. Copplestone is in

suredly shall some jewels be England, news comes that

chosen for His crown. Mr. Edmonds also is coming

Our pictures are from home sick. Mr. Blackburn,

photographs sent by Mr. too, had already been

Edmonds. The first repreobliged to come down to the

sents a mission coast to take care of Mr.

starting from Uyui, Mr. Hannington, the leader of

Stokes leading the the whole party, who was

The large shed behind is dangerously ill; but he, we

Mr. Blackburn's house, and trust, is back again by this

the smaller one the store time.

and kitchen. The second Is it not a sure sign of

picture shows the caravan God's favour and bless

halting, and the

camp ing that, notwithstanding

pitched, at Magangati, nine changes and disappoint

miles north of Uyui ; the ments like these, the Nyanza

tent on the left being that Mission, both in Uganda

of Mr. Ashe, one of the itself and at these inter

party for Uganda. The mediate posts, is still carried

small picture shows Mr. on in faith and patience, UYUI: MR. COPPLESTONE'S HOUSE, BUILT BY HIMSELF.

Copplestone's house.

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van.

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