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great results might have been hoped for from his energetic

labours; but the Society would have lost one of its most untiring UR readers will be glad to have a portrait of the well- workers at home.

known and much-respected clergyman who preached Dr. Tristram's C.M.S. sermon on April 30th was one of rare the Church Missionary Sermon at St. Bride's this power and eloquence. The text was 2 Kings iii. 16, 17—“Thus year. The roll of preachers of that Annual Sermon saith the Lord, Make this valley full of ditches. For thus saith

for the last eighty-three years contains some of the the Lord, Ye shall not see wind, neither shall ye see rain ; yet noblest names in the modern history of the Church of England that valley shall be filled with water.” He pictured the dry -T. Scott, Simeon, Cecil, Venn, Legh Richmond, Cunningham, valleys of Mohammedanism, Buddhism, Brahmanism, &c., with Bickersteth, Professor Scholefield, Close, Stowell, McNeile, c. no water in them-no living water for the soul's thirst. Yet Bridges, Champneys, Miller; Bishops Corrie, D. Wilson, Sumner, there we are to “dig ditches," to prepare the way of the Lord; Blomfield, Pelbam, Villiers, Tait, Longley, Waldegrave, Baring, and although we may see no signs of the “wind” and “rain" and many others still living; and the present Bishop of Rochester, that shall fill them, they surely shall, in God's own time, overthree or four years ago, said that to occupy St. Bride's pulpit on flow with the water of life. We give one passage from the that occasion was

sermon below ; but we the greatest honours that

hope our readers will all can be put on a clergy

read it in the Annual man." But perhaps not

Report. one of that long succession

The portrait we give of good men (unless we ex

was admirable one cept E. Bickersteth) has

when it was engraved done more hard personal

three years ago. It now and practical work for the

hardly does justice to the Society than the preacher

“hoary head” that apof this year. For seven

peared at St. Bride's; but teen years Canon Tristram

in other respects it is has held the office of Asso

excellent. ciation Secretary for the counties of Durham and Northumberland ; and in

ISLAM AND THE tbat time the annual contributions from those two

C.M.S. counties bave risen from

SLAM is the about £2,400 to about

religion of the £4,100. Notwithstanding

Mohamme the many calls upon the


The time of a man holding so

Church Misleading a position both in

sionary Society comes in Church movements of all

contact with it in its six kinds in the North of

African Mission fields, England, and in scientific

Sierra Leone, Yoruba, and literary circles-not

Niger, East Africa, Nyanwithstanding his occupa

za, Egypt; in Palestine tions Canon of

and Persia ; in its four Durham, as a member of

great Indian fields, North, Convocation, as a popular

South, West, and the scientific lecturer, as

Punjab ; and voluminous author, and

Ceylon and Mauritius. upon scores of Committees

On the opposite page we -Dr. Tristram has con


of the most trived year by year to

familiar sights in Mopreach almost as many THE REV. 1. B. TRISTRAM, LL.D., F.R.S.,


cities, the sermons and attend almost Canon of Durham, and Hon. Association Secretary of the Church Missionary Society. muezzin's call to prayer as many meetings on be

at the regular “prayerhalf of the C.M.Š. as might have been expected from him it all hours.” It is a call to worship Allah. The missionary also calls his time had been engaged for it; while his hospitable house the Moslem to worship ; but it is to worship God in Christ under the shadow of the great cathedral has been the head- Father, Son, and Spirit—Three Persons in One God. "No quarters whence missionaries and deputations innumerable have man cometh unto the Father but by Me." "Through Him we gone forth day after day to advocate the missionary cause in the have access by one Spirit unto the Father." towns and villages of the County of Durham.

We would call attention to the following passages from the In one respect Canon Tristram has done unique service. His Annual Sermon and Annual Report, about Islam and the C.M.S.:intimate knowledge of the Holy Land has made him the chief

The Dry Valleys of Mohammedanism. authority in England upon Missions there and in the East

(From Canon Tristram's Sermon at St. Bride's, April 30th, 1883. generally; and his influence has done much to help forward the

See abore.) large extension of the C.M.S. Palestine Mission in recent years. We go to the Mohammedan world, to those mighty valleys with which If he had seen his way to accept the Anglican Bishopric of the old Eastern world is scored and se amed--valleys where overflowed the Jerusalem, offered him by Lord Beaconsfield four years ago, stream of the water of life, but now only furrowed by the ancient water




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courses of a degenerate and then desiccated Christianity. . . . . It is the the occupation of Bagdad and of Egypt. They accept it as a token for fashion among some of the wise of this world to prophesy the regeneration good that Mr. Klein bas been joined, since bis arrival at Cairo, by tbat of Islam. We cannot descry the signs of that coming dawn. The system remarkable Turkish convert whom God graciously gave to the Society's appeals to nothing spiritual in man's nature. There is not a word of God's Constantinople Mission even after it was formally closed, the distinguished holiness, or of His hatred of sin. There is no idea of man's sinful state Ulema, John Ahmed Tewfik; and they earnestly pray that the Lord will by nature, nor of the guilt of sin, per se. It has no quarrel with human give him favour in the eyes of his former co-religionists. nature as it is, and it makes no demand for an inward regeneration. It

Some Mohammedan Converts in India. prescribes a very lenient morality; its ritual exercises the body rather than the mind, the memory rather than the soul. The rewards of its

(From the Society's Annual Report.) paradise are of the earth, earthy, sensuous and sensual. There is nothing In the past year there have been signal iostances of the power of truth here to reform. There is no sign of a hidden life in these desiccated upon Mohammedans. In Krishnagar a profound sensation has been created wadies; there is not even a straggling pa'm-tree here and there, which by the baptism of four Moslems, who have had to undergo much suffer. bas struck its roots deep enough to find a hidden moisture, enabling it to ing, the bouse of one being set on fire, and the wife of another carried retain life in the midst of the wilderness of death. There is no hope of off. At Bombay, Mr. Deimler has twelve under instruction for baptism, success in striking an arte-ian well, which shall reach some hidden source and he has besides baptized one young man from Aurangabad, sent 10 of spiritual Moslem life, and regenerate the surface. There is no him by the Rev. Ruttonji Nowroji. This convert's father and uncle are recuperative power in a decaying creed which touches neither heart nor maulvis in the Goveroment service, and he has forsaken home and family conscience, which awakes no sense of sin or yearving after holiness, which and friends to follow Christ. A learned Persian munsbi, at Allahabad, does not even touch the intellect, for its devotion is simply mechanical. after repeatedly rejecting the approaches of a Christian maulvi there, was If it had, however obscured or bidden by vain traditions, like the old found by him one day weeping, and on being asked why, replied, “ For Churches of the East, a Saviour and a Redeemer, whose promises and my sins,” and pointed to a Persian New Testament which had been left words might be exhumed from amidst a mass of corruption, there might with him as the source of his knowledge of his sins. He was baplized on be regeneration. But it has nothing to offer the awakened or anxious Christmas Day. soul. The mystic Sufi seeks rest in vain, for out of Christ he can not find it. The valley is dry-nor well nor stream is there. “Make this valley full of ditches”—“prepare ye the way of the Lord”_"and in the

THE MISSIONARY'S MOTTO. morning it shall be filled with water."

An ox standing between a plough and an altar, with the words underBut it is not yet morcing. For twelve hundred years Christendom

neatb, “ Ready for either! never touched the Moslem. No trench was ever dug in that dry valley. The crusader met him with his own weapons, and he failed. And yet we REAP the trumpet calle resounds,

And ready to sit down silent, in this century have bardly scratched the surface. Still some big drops

To lie at His wounded feet, have fallen, presage of the coming waters. From Abdul Masih-tie

And the rallying hosts of evil If service and speech be denied me fruit of Henry Martyn’s labours, the first Moslem convert, ordained fifty

· Fill earth's great battle grounds. By His will supremely sweet: years ago, and our first native Missionary-to the Imad-ud-Din and

Ready to raise His banner

Ready to suffer for Jesus, Ahmed Tewfik of to-day, Christ has given to His Church souls for her

'Mid the foeman's fiercest din, If suffering bring Him praise, hire, snatched from the death of Islam.

Or ready to die in His service If He may but win fresh glory, And to the lands of the Crescent, though late in the world's history,

If Death win the day for Him ! Thro' my weary, weary days. though the shades of evening be coming on, the Church Missionary Ready to speak for Jesus,

Ready to give to Jesus Society dow goes, not like some guerilla band, to devastate a country she If He needs a human tongue My life, my love, my all ! has no intention of occupying, but, like Isaac and Israel, to sink the wells To tell out the wondrous story If my heart, alert and eager, of permanent settlement.

That from ave to age has rung : Hear His sweet constraining call; In no less than five of these dry lands bas she begun to dig-in With never a thought of laurel, Never a thing withholding Palestine, in India, in Africa, at last in Persia, and now once more in And never a hope of gain;

That He stoops to ask of me, Egypt. Has not the Lard summoned us? In Palestine we have to win Content to be ju-t an echo

Giving my choi est treasures back the very earliest of the conquests of Islam, and we have to dig in Of His matchless love to men. With a glad heart, willingly. the face of enemies with our sword girded on our side. Yet even here the water begins to flow. The first difficulties have been overcome. Prejudice

Ready to work for Jesus,

Ready to wait for Jesus,
It work be His will for me,

If He wills to tarry long, has so far yielded that the Word is listened to, the scriptural school is no longer under a ban; and when an attentive ear bas been gained, the ground

By swift and loving service

Whiling away the watch-night is ready for the reception of the seed. Still we labour under a hostile rule.

Proving my loyalty;

With soft and heaven-born song; Egypt calls us once more. In its present circumstances, and with the

Stooping to list a burden,

Watching each pale star waning flag of England unfurled there, where rings out more clearly the command

Or offering sympathy,

Ere the golden glory-dawn [ness, to occupy, emphasized by the pledge that “Prioces shall come out of

Thankful to share with angels Floods earth and sky with brightEgypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God”? May the

Earth's happy ministry.

Andcrowns Christ's coming morn. veteran and the neophyte who have just entered on the pioneer work be

Eva TRAVERS EVERED POOLE. but the first in a long and rapidly expanding list of the toilers who shall make the highway to the Eastern world an highway for our God ! Work in the Mohammedan Lands.

LISTEN! (From the Society's Annual Report.)

True Stories from Fuh-Chow.
The Committee feel that a peculiar responsibility rests upon the Church

Missionary Society to care for the Mohammedan population of the globe.
That section of the human race answers in a special sense to the phrase

the East," which forms part of the Society's full title. And while it is
painfully true that the Church of Christ has done little indeed for the

ROM that courtyard we went into another even evangelization of the Moslem world, it is not less true that the C.M.S. is

smaller and more dismal, until the shades of at the present time more largely engaged in that work than any other

evening told us it was time to return to the house society-probably more than all other societies gether. It is a work of

and prepare for our evening classes. As we were exceptional difficulty, a work calling for very special faith and patience. Even in Inoia, where religious liberty is secured by British rule, the

passing a few houses, an old woman ran out and Moslem population have proved the hardest to reach, although it has begged us to go in and see her daughter-in-law very ill. We told plea-ed G d to gather from among them many eminent converts, and in her we knew nothing of medicine, and therefore it was no use the past year to vouchsafe conspicuous blessing to the efforts put forth for

for us to go.

“Oh! do come,” she pleaded, and we went. We their salvation, as will appear presently. But in countries where Islam is the state religion, as in the Turkish Empire and Persia, the profession

passed a mere passage of a room, evidently the living room, into the of Christianity by a Mohammedan involves bim in peril of his life, and

tiniest bedroom I was ever in. There was hardly standing-room conversions have been few and far between. Neverti eless, the Committee for four people, yet the inmates crowded in, and we were packed feel it to be their solemn duty to hold up the banner of Christ even in together, inhaling each other's breath, and getting any amount of land- like these. In this conviction they have much developed the Society's Palestine Mission in recent years; they have supported Dr. Bruce

vermin on us. This we accepted as inevitable, and inquired into in his courageous enterprise in Persia; and they have in the past year

the nature of the young woman's sickness. Poor frail thing, she essayed, in dependence on the guidance and protection of the Most High had only been married about six months, and lay dying of con

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sumption, we thought. As we could do nothing but recommend SIX SHILLINGS TURNED INTO SIX POUNDS. a foreign doctor, we left after a few words with the sick one, N the month of November of last year an Annual Meeting was held promising to send for a doctor at once. We returned home ard in the Central Schoolroom of a mother parish in Yorkshire. After wrote for a physician ; it was rather late when the doctor came, the opening hymn and prayer, the local Secretary was c«lled upon and we went together. The people had given up watching for

to read the report for the past year. Among the sums contributed was our return, and when we got into this room there were six men

an item of six shillings from a poor village, a detached district of the

mother parish over which a curate had recently been appointed to labour. and women sleeping there ! and the atmosphere perfectly dense Towards the close of the meeting this said curate was called upon to with poisoned air. The doctor said at once the invalid must be speak, and in doing so took occasion to allude to the small sum of six removed early next day to the hospital, and privately informed shillings contributed by his district; and remarked that although the me that the case was a very doubtful one. Early next morning, people were poor and he had laboured but a short time amongst them, yet before commencing school duties, I ran over to the house to

he was so sanguine of their self-denying generosity and zeal in the cause,

that if a deputation could be sent to their mission room to preach sermons, make the necessary arrangements; and in the afternoon, when and hold a meeting, and thus awaken an interest in the Society's work, school was finished, I went to the hospital and found the woman

the six shillings would be turned into six ponods for the ensuing year, very exhausted. She remained there for about ten days; and the

This was done accordingly. Sermons were preached, collections made, husband, on learning that his wife could not get better, wished

missionary boxes sent out, and subscriptions sought for; and the result

has been six pounds aod a litile over. her to return home with him. Poor woman, she wanted to get It is worthy of notice that these hard-working people have been well ; she seemed to cling tenaciously to this life, and eagerly struggling with a debt upon their mission rooms for the past eighteen listened when I told her of an everlasting life she might enjoy months, and have made many praiseworthy efforts to remove it, yet notby trusting Jesus. She was taken back to the tiny bedroom and

withstanding their debt they willingly denied themselves for the Church died in a few days.

Missionary Society the moment their interest was awakened; and they

are resolved to do even still more in the future. Does not this show that It is in such wretched hovels as these that infanticide is kept where zeal and enthusiasm is put into the work how much can be accomup so extensively. It has been quite a common answer, when I plished even in places comparatively insignificant ?

E. G. F. have asked a mother how many children she has destroyed, “No children” (meaning boys), “but three girls," or "four," as the case has been. The Chinese are very much interested in

GLIMPSES OF MISSIONARY WORK IN PALESTINE. the fact that girls are valued in England quite as much and, by some parents, even more than boys. My teacher was one day

LETTERS FROM THE REv. W. ALLAN. reading the book of Exodus with me, and while reading the first [The Rev. W. Allan, Vicar of St. James's, Bermondsey, is an active chapter said the translators had made a great mistake. I com- member of the C.M.S. Committee. He has been visiting Palestine, and the pared my English version with the Chinese, but failed to detect following extracts from his letters to the Society are wonderfully interestthe mistake. 'Why, do you not hear,” he said, “they ordered

ing and encouraging.]

JAFFA, March 15th, 1883. the boys to be drowned ?" Yes," I answered. " It could

HAVE inspected the work at Jaffa, Ramleh, Lydd, and not have been boys, they must have meant girls,” he continued.

Abud, and I cannot tell you how pleased and surprised, "Oh no," I said," it is correct according to this book.” But he

bow delighted, I am with almost all that I have seen. I would not be convinced-either the translators were wrong, or the

am perfectly amazed at the amount of scriptural knowledge, people in those days very idiotic. I saw some little bones lying

both on the text and doctrines of the Bible, which the

children possess, and which far surpasses anything that I on the hillside bleaching in the sun one day ; some women were have ever met with in any school in England. In spite of the excellent near, and I began conversing with them about the cruelty of the reports which the children of my own national schools at Bermondsey act. They could not see it as I did. If the girls were allowed to obtain year by year from the Inspector, they would be nowhere in a live they had not food enough for them. “But," I argued, " if

competition with the boys of Ramleh and Lydd. I imagine that the they had been boys food would have been forthcoming."

Committee have as little idea as I had of the intimate acquaintance

which the children have already acquired of the Bible, Catechism, yes,” they admitted that, “because boys would always have to

Articles, &c., and of the extent to which they are committing them to provide for their mothers, while girls would be betrothed into memory. At Ramleh, a Mohammedan boy gave a most graphic desanother family and never repay the money spent on their food cription of the history of Sisera, Deborah, and Barak; and another, also and clothing." There is filial piety taught to children, and they

a Mohammedan, of the history of Samson; sometimes quoting the very are bound by law to practise it, but I saw very little natural

words of Scripture, and at others using their own, accompanied by natural

gestures, indicating how fully they were entering into the subject, and affection among the heathen. When the people become con- drawing forth by their animated style occasional smiles from their teacher verted they are entirely changed in this respect; not only do they and school-fellows. save the lives of all their little ones, no matter how poor they and only to need the spirit's quickening grace to make the Word

In every school they seemed to understand the way of salvation clearly, may be, but they love them and cherish them. I have known

effectual. It seemed to me as if, so far, the Native teachers had done rich Chinese drown their little ones, and educated people care as their part of the work, and as if what remained to be accomplished little for their offspring as the poor. Yes, Christianity is the depended almost as much upon us at home as upon those in the field, I one thing needful ” for China.

mean fervent intercession for the outpouring of the Holy Ghost. This has been rather a dark and gloomy picture, yet even it

Another feature which has struck me powerfully, is the close attention

with which all, children and adults, listen to the religious instruction has its encouraging aspects. Take the Light of Life into these

given them. In all the schools, but more especially in Abud, which has darkened cells day after day. Some will be taught of the Holy been less favoured than the others, inasmuch as there had been no school of Spirit to accept God's gracious invitation, And then the any kind in the place until three years ago, the zest with wbich ihey change. Poor in this world they may be, but rich in faith, sorely lis:ened to what was said, and answered the questions put, and the sparktried faith, and therefore all the more precious. Now will not

ling eyes and animated countenances with which they drank it all in, some of the readers of the GLEANER answer the Master's “ Who

were most touching, and almost made me weep with joy. No fewer than

seven of the fathers of the children came into the Abud school, and will

go ?” with “ Send me”? And you who abide by the stuff at squatted in a row against the wall listening with interest to the proceedhome, surrounded with cleanliness and friends, if not ease and ings. comfort, will you not give of your substance ? Give your all to

GAZA, March 17th. Jesus. Let Him be the Master, and use these worldly pos

Speaking generally, about one-fourth of those who attend the schools, sessions, which He bas placed at your disposal, as He pleases. services, and mothers' weeting are Moslems. To these Gaza is a n«table Jesus is coming very soon, and these vessels of “gold, silver, Monday for Bible reading, and on Wednesday for sewing, are Moslems. and copper" will be of no use then !

M. Fagg. I was present at this meeting. A panic had arisen, as it often does

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among them, owing to a report having been spread that a person (myself) had come to take them to England, where they would be killed, so that the attendance was less than usual; still there were over thirty, and they entered with lively interest into the ani. mated and fuent explanation of Scripture given by Mrs. Schapira's admirable, amiable, and lady-like worker, Mrs. Jokander. I visited also each of the four schools, finding altogether 137 actually present, sixty-three of whom were Moslems. The echolars repeated in English the hymn, “Pass me not, O gentle Saviour," and sang in Arabic, “How sweet the name of Jesus sounds,” &c.

JERUSALEM, March 28th. On Easter-day there was an excellent congregation and thirty-eight communicants. I bave inspected the Orpbanage and Præparandi Institution, and catechised the scholars and young men. I could find little or nothing to criticise, and much to admire-I mean in the arrangements for the two institutions, and in the wonderful acquirements of the pupils.

More than half the children in the Orphanage seemed not only able to speak and read, but to think in English, and poured forth with almost too great volubility the most copious stores of knowledge, on all portions of Scripture and all the doctrines of Christianity, even wben I catechised on the Epistle to the Galatiane. I never beard in any school in my life, or in any examination, such an amount of head-knowledge exbibited. Still there were traces of their answers baving been all learned by rote, so I proceeded to question and cross-question them, and the result showed that they had a considerable amount of intelligent acquaintance with the meaning of what they had been saying, though not so much as appeared on the surface. I am speaking, it must be remembered, of their examination in English ; when they were questioned in Arabic, they appeared to answer in a different style altogether,-I mean with a perfect comprehension of what ihey were talking about.

In the Præparandi the instruction is chiefly conducted in Arabic, but as most of the students know English, I was able to examine them also, and the result was most satisfactory.


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