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was on his way to church, and he had quickened his pace, but as he tree climbers) killed him during one of his frequent drunken bouts and walked faster so it seemed to him did Sasie, and she was soon lost to his hid his body in the forest; but the tigers, Ayappan's dogs, scratched up sight among the crowd. At other times he fancied he saw her in the

his body, without tearing it, and leaving it on the edge of the grave the

wild elephants, out of respect for the forest god, carried it to a road where woods, or in the streets before him, but always just when he hoped he

friends found it, and so the murder was out. had found her she vanished from him. This evening he thought he saw A plague of smal-pox broke out among the Chogans, which one of the her again, indeed he was convinced that Sasie bad entered a door on the Arraan sorcerers (or devil-dancers) revealed would not abate until they opposite side of the road. Was that where she lived ? he would wait made an image of their victim and worshipped it, and that the plague awhile and watch, so sitting down on a doorstep among the shadows, where

was sent by the anger of Sa tawn (Chartan, or Sattan, the god of the he could not easily be seen, he waited. Would she come ?

Travancore Hill boundary). The image was duly made of bronze, about

four inches bigh, and placed in a tiny temple in a grore. The heir of Sasie meanwhile had been standing wat·hing him from the window, Talanani became the priest of the new shrine, and frequent vows were and as she watched her conscience smote her. Was she acting very made by the Ariaans when they went on hunting expeditions that if unkindly towards this poor old man, she wondered, and had she been

successful they would give the deity Talanani refreshments, arrack, parched wrong in not fulfilling her promise sooner ? And yet she felt so disinclined

rice, venison, &c. to go and see him; and what good could she do even if she went ?

The story so far is what a heathen Arrain would tell in all good faith,

but more remains to be said. All the descendants of the once worshipped She wished, however, she had gone in the summer, when she had had heathen sorcerer are now Christians, the spiritual children of the late nothing much to do, for Sasie was busy in a certain way now.

Mr. Baker; and when I was in charge of Melkavu in 1881, the last heir, Finding herself growing somewhat miserable and morbid, she bad who was not a Christian, decided to join “such as are being saved," and lately, unknown even to her own people, joined two or three societies,

when he put himself under instruction for baptism he handed to the which helped to occupy her and to plan out her day. A reading and a

catechist for me the bronze image of our hero, the large sword, more than

four feet long, and the silver-tipped wand, a pair of bangles, and two neckpractising society were among them; she had till now kept rigidly to laces, one of large and one of small berries, sacred to the Hindu god Siva, their rules, and, however much she was wanted elsewhere, she was deter- which had been used in the worship of Talauani. The village of Erumapara mined nothing should induce her to break them. These societies were

is now in charge of Rev. W. Kuruwila, who was ordained deacon by Bishop therefore a decided trial to her home people. Unconscious of the fact

Sieerhly on September 21th, 1882, but he had been for many years that Sasie had bound herself to any course of action, her sudden craze for

previously the catechist at Melkavu, living with his family amongst the

Hill Arraans, a day's journey from the low countries, and exposed to reading and practising was an enigma to them.

much danger of fevers as well as comparatively isolated. Very few “Sasie is no good to any one,” Mildred had remarked more than once, natives from the plains care to live at Melkavu. May God bless and when, on the plea of having too much to do, her sister had shirked some

keep the new pastor, and reward him with many converts from among home duty. But Nona Iancaster, who understood Sasie better, and

the heathen Arraans.

W. J. RICHARDS. loved her not a little, by no means despaired of her becoming both a good and useful woman.

MEN'S WORKING PARTIES. It was dark before Sasie, after having had a warm cup of tea, and a

To the Editor. merry chat with her friends, started home again. And it was not till

IR, --I have great pleasure in sending you, according to promise, an she had reached her own gate that she remembered Mr. Norih. Scarcely,

account of the things made by the men of my village Bible-class however, had she stepped into the brightly lighted hall before the drawing- snips of cloth, some of which were kindly sent by one of the readers of

Dass for our CM.S. sale. My ex-soldier made an excellent rug of room door was opened, and Leith Lancaster made his appearance.

the GLEANER in response to my letter in the January number. “Sweet “Ab, Sasie, is it you at last ? ” he said, on catching sight of her ; "well, home was worked in rd cloth in the centre. Tie gardeuers made two now I may just as well wait for the answer to the note I have brought beautiful bird-cages, two knitted scarfs, and three walking-sticks. The you from my mother.” And so Mr. North was banished, anyhow for the

tailor mace a small suit of clothes, the baker sent six loaves of bread, and evening, from Sasie's mind.

last, but not least, the blacksmith made four fire-shovels and two pairs

of tongs, all of which were sold immediately, and more were so much But not from Leith Lancaster's. Making his way home through the wanted that he has kindly promised to make them. All these contribudimly lighted High Street half an hour afterwards, his foot struck against tions had a table to themselves, and excited especial interest both something that made him start back with an expression of dismay on his

before the sale and at the time. Everything was bught. lips. Stooping down he caught sight of a streak of silvery hair.

do hope many other young men will go and do likewise, and feel "It is my poor old friend,” he murmured, with a tremor in his voice.

what a privilege it is to work with their own hands that they may bave to give to those who need that greatest of all blessings, the knowledge of

the Saviour who gave Himself for us. THE PRIEST OF THE HUNTING GOD.

The men were very much interested in the Norwich C.M.S. Exhibition,

and I think the sight of the idols of wood and stone have made us all ALANANI was the priest or sorcerer of the hunting god

realise more than ever the need and importance of missionary work. Ayappan, whose chief shrine is in Savari-Ma'a (a place

Would it not be a good plan to have little exhibitions of the same kind visited by Rev. J. Caley some years ago*), a hill among in our village schoolrooms :

S. C. E. the Travancore Ghats. It was the duty of Talanani to deck himself in a certain fantastic garb, and brandishing a sword,

A Working Man's Effort. to dance and shake himself about in a frantic way, ratiling his bangles, and, intoxicated with drink and excitement, reveal in unearthly

To the Editor. sbrieks the mind of his god on any given question. IIe belonged to the Hill

EAR SIR, -Seeing in your January issue mention made of Men's Work. Arraan village of Erumapara, or Eruma-para (the rock of the she-buffalo),

ing Classes, it occurred to me it might be a hint to some if you thought

well to state my last year's plan of helping. some 35 or 40 miles east from Cottayam, and first brought within the

Being only a working.man, and unable to give but a small sum, and being sound of the Gospel by the apostle of the Arraans, Henry Baker, junior, in fond of birds, it occurred to me (after hearing a local clergyman urge the 1852.+ The time when Talanani lived can be nearly calculated. “Old claims of this grand Society) that might combine pleasure to myself and men who are now grandfathers say that their fathers knew him when he assistance to the Society, so I made a large cage, and obtained a pair of was an old man," as I have been told. He was a man of a remarkable common canaries, with which I last sumer bred, and soll their young, character, and very devoted to his god; when the people of his village enabling me to add about 19s. Cd. to my box, besides having two yet unsold.

X. Y. 2. used to start on pilgrimage to Savari-Mala, he would say, “I am not going," and yet when they arrived at the shrine he was there to wel. come them, a remarkable feat of bravery, since he performed alone a march

Devonshire Mosses for the C.M.S. through the forest which none others dared to do except in large com

EAR MR. EDITOR,–We have been considering how we could add our panies, and even then wild beasts, tigers, &c., and disease clain numbers

share to the “half as much again," and have thought that the lovely before they reach their journey's end. S, men bad a great regard for him, G3 lanes and moss-covered banks of Devon might assist us. We have and while things were in this state the neighbouring Chogans (palm- pressed and mounted various specimens of messes, and should now be glad to

dispose of them either singly or in a collection for the benefit of the C.V.S. See the GLEANER for May, 1878, which has a sketch of Mr. Caley sleeping Should any of your readers be disposed to give us orders for this good cause, in a tree.

we shall be most glad to receive them.

L. E. JUKES. † See GLEANER, June, 1879.

Address-Miss L. E. Jukes, 11, St. Paul Street, Tiverton, Devyn.


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UR illustration shows

one of the principal
ceremonies of a
Chinese marriage.

Two wine cups are united by a red silk thread, and the contents drunk by the bride and bridegroom before the assembled guests. The religious ceremony consists chiefly of the worship of ancestors.

But there are Christian weddings in China now.

Bishop Moule, on the 23rd of January last year, united in marriage two newly baptized Christians at Swang-gyao (“Twin-bridge"), a village in the province of ChehKiang. The bridegroom was a schoolmaster named Hai-Kyang ("Sea-River"), and the bride a girl of fifteen named “ Sweet Purity" (Chinese name not given). They were baptized a week previously, together with the bridegroom's mother and brother and niece. Another brother and his wife (the father and mother of the little niece), who were earlier converts, were confirmed at the same time. “ Sweet Purity " had been warned by her heathen neighbours not to talk to the foreigners, as they would certainly give her medicine that would bewitch and convert her. Her reply was, “ It is too late. I have taken all they have to give already!” Of the wedding Bishop Moule writes :

We reached “ Twin-bridge” at 12.15. The cottage-a very poor one yet-looked hospitable and cheerful, with wedding guests already at their mid-day meal. A side shed had been made tidy, with chairs and a table for us. Plates of fruit and cold meat, and cups of tea, were at once set out for us. Close to my chair was a huge jar containing certainly “ more than two or three firkins," from which nice wine was ladled out, to be mulled for the guests.

After half an hour's talk with heathen guests, who listened civilly to the Gospel, I was ushered into the chief room, where, in my surplice and hood, I married and blessed “Sea-River” and “Sweet Purity,” using a very much shortened service, after reading the Marriage of Cana, and saying a few words by way of sermon. The young people behaved as nicely as their conduct last Monday led me to hope, the answers in the service, and the hearty thanks afterwards, being as simply unaffected as possible. After wishing them joy, leaving each a little present, and sitting awhile longer, we walked on to our boat.

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any window, and being very hot, I slipped off some of the tiles True Stories from Fuh-Chow.

to admit light and air. BY A LADY MISSIONARY.

I was not allowed to remain quiet long; the men had returned

from work, and hearing that a foreigner had arrived, came at II.

once to see me. They were most respectful and quiet, and OW I will show you the inside of another house. I asked me why I had come.

I told them I wanted to see their went during the summer holidays, for I wanted, as wives, and help the teacher's wife to begin a school for their you do, to see the interior of a Chinese Christian children. I tried to tell them how important it is that children home. The man was paid a little money, only just should learn ; but as I had only a limited stock of words at com

enough to keep his wife and himself in food. And mand, I don't fancy they understood much. But the teacher's here I should like to state, that in Fuh-Chow it has been the wife came to my rescue, and I thanked Mrs. Ling for not only object of the missionaries to give very small salaries, because by translating my words intelligibly, but adding more of her own, nature the Chinese are a money-loving race, and if larger for it was her heart's desire to begin a school there. Some salaries were given there might be a risk of some trying to children were standing near, and she said, “I have tried to enter the Church work for earthly gain ; as it is, the men could, teach these.”. So I pointed to the picture of Moses and the most of them, earn considerably more than they now get by Brazen Serpent hanging on the wall, and said, “What is following their own occupation. There is another reason : we all that?" “A serpent." “ Can it bite ? " “ No." “Why want the Church to be self-supporting, and when they pay for not?” " Because it is brass." “ What is that man doing with their own teaching they learn the value of money, so we try to it ? ” “God told him to do that, and then if the people looked prepare them beforehand to do God's work without looking for- they got well.” These answers were given by a wee fellow of ward to the future. God has promised to supply their need, not more than eight years old, who had up to the last few and He never breaks His promises.

I have heard many

months been worshipping idols. And he added, “I can read a different opinions from those who give money to missionary hymn." “Can you ? Let me hear you.” He brought the book societies; but if they would just give it to God, and leave Him and read, or rather repeated, the whole of “He leadeth me, oh

" and trust Him to use it, not wanting to know exactly how every blessed thought”; our Chinese translation of that hymn is penny is spent, it would be so much better, and relieve the good. Then he repeated “ Jesus loves me, this I know.” The already tired-out workers considerably. It is painful to hear, men were highly delighted, and promised to send their children “Well, I work hard for my money, and I don't find people so to learn. The little boy had a tiny girl in his arms, so I asked, ready to give to me; if, therefore, I do give, I want to know “Is that your sister ?” “No," he answered, and looked very where the money goes, and what it is used for.” One feels shy.

One feels shy. His brother, standing near, said, “That's his wife." This inclined to say, “What have any of us that we have not was the first baby-wife I had seen. It seemed so dreadful that received ? The Lord is able to give you much more than this. I asked the mother why she took a child so young from its own He loveth a cheerful giver, and what the cheerful giver layeth mother. Well, you know, if I had waited I should have had out shall be paid him again."

to pay a high price, and I can't afford it; so as I had a little Well, now I will invite you to accompany me into a boat placed girl about her age we exchanged children, and hers being a at our disposal ; the straw matting over the top hardly protects big fat baby I gave one dollar (about 3s. 9d.) and a bundle or us from the sun, but we soon reach our landing-place, and two of cakes." I felt dumb. It is a lawful custom in their land, we go round the foot of the mountain (“we,” that is, myself and and until Christianity makes way it will not be changed. I servant) until we reach a village where we are welcomed with don't think civilisation will ever do it, so many of them think shouts of “A foreigner! Look at the foreign woman; come and their own civilisation superior to ours. see-quick, she walks fast—let us see where she goes.' They Some rice having been prepared, I seated myself on a wooden crowd on, and gather as we go, until we reach the chapel, which stool, at a wooden table, and with a pair of chop-sticks in one is a private house, with one large room on the right fitted up hand, ate my rice and fish. One man ran home and brought a for Divine worship. There are two other small rooms with basin of very good potatoes, all hot; and Mrs. Ling said, mud floors ; the first the living room, and then a door leading “ Fancy his being kind to you. Five years ago he threatened to into a windowless tiny room used as a bedroom.

kill my husband, and declared that the Christian doctrine should The living room was soon crowded to excess; all talked at never be introduced here ; now he comes to church, brings once, and each wished to have her, or his, question answered. others, and is our best friend, but I thought he still hated Most of the women were poor and had families, therefore it was foreigners." not improper for them to come in; and their tiny feet were not ;

It was soon time for evening worship. Mr. Ling called the thought of when curiosity to see and hear a foreigner stood in men in, and Mrs. Ling went out to fetch the women, or tried to.

Soon Mrs. Ling (the catechist's wife) said to me, She succeeded in getting three to come in ; with all their curiosity “Please come into the chapel ; the people are crowding you so, to see me, they could not be persuaded to come in for prayers. and you can talk to them there.'

So we wended our way Mr. Ling gave out a hymn, and by the time we had finished the en masse into the chapel, and then, feeling very tired and room was uncomfortably full. The little oil lamps gave out a hungry, I asked the catechist to speak to the people. Of disagreeable smell

, and the men were smoking all the time. course I had to sit and listen ; and while the teacher tried to Mr. Ling then read and expounded a chapter from the Epistle give them the words of life they were feasting their eyes on me, to the Romans, and then we knelt-a very few present knelt

, and making very queer statements about myself and garments. kneeling means going to become a Christian. After Mr. Ling's When he had ended I answered as many questions as I could. prayer several joined in the Lord's Prayer, and the sweetest Then I told them they must be very hungry; would they not go and loudest voice belonged to my little boy-husband, whose home and take some refreshment (we had given them tea), and acquaintance I had made that morning. Before we had time to come again afterwards ? Many of them kindly took the hint, and rise from our knees an old man began, "O God, do forgive I was able to move out. I then asked for my room. There

me, I thought more of my potatoes on Sunday than I did of was a ladder placed in the living room leading up to a trap-door Thy commandment. I was afraid it would rain and they would in the ceiling. I climbed up, and when in the room I found spoil, and my family have no food; I didn't trust Thee. I am myself unable to stand upright, it was so low; and not having very sorry, do forgive me.” Poor old man, two years after this


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event he and his whole family were admitted into the visible

Church by baptism.
As it was getting late I ascended my loft. The bed was

Carolis Almeda, the “Old Stick-man” of Talangama. simply four boards laid across two forms, and yet I was very

N the 10th of December, 1881, an old man, very well known happy. A nest of rats was close to my head, but I forgot them

to many gentlemen in Colombo, Carolis Almeda by name, entirely while listening to the men talking far into the night of

though better known as the “Old Stick-man," passed away

from earth to heaven, so that the place which knew him so Jesus, and God's wonderful love, while inquirers were asking

well now knows him not. most intelligent questions. I stayed in that place for four days;

I had known the old man ever since I went to Ceylon, the ignorance of the poor women was deplorable, and I could i.e., for fifteen years, as a consistent Christian, and in his later years as a not help thinking if the next generation are to be better than shining light in his village. The old man lived near the road-side, and these, these women must be taught. “ In Him was life, and

if he knew that I was to pass along the road, would wait for me, and after

telling me something about himself, or the work in his village, and asking the life was the light of men.” Ye are the light of the world.”

me about the work in those places to which I had been, would let me "Go ye therefore into all the world.” Yes, dear friends, go,

and depart, and always with his blessing, most earnestly and solemnly invoked take that life-giving Gospel with you. And give of your substance,

in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. I miss the old who abide by the spoil. The Master needs it: will ye lay it up

man's bright countenance, and for weeks and months after his death I ye

never passed along that road without expecting to see his happy face. in bags that are full of holes, and try to keep to yourselves that

When the C.M.S. missionaries began the work of Christ in the which will take to itself wings and flee away, when He wants it? Talangama villages, Carolis Almeda despised and ridiculed them, and No, give, and give now, and God accept your sacrifice. M.F. paid no regard either to the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, or the

religion which He had founded. He was a married man, and had two

little boys, whose mother died when they were very young. When his THE “CAMP” AT MARGATE.

children were old enough he sent them to the C.M.S. School at Talan

gama, where they became convinced of the truth of the Christian HE income of the Church Missionary Society is raised in many religion. They were, however, so afraid of their father that, for a time, ways. Benefactions, subscriptions, missionary boxes, house-to

these two boys did not make their convictions known to him ; but as faith house collections, and collections at sermons and meetings are

increased they felt constrained to try and bring about the conversion of

their father, and resorted to a stratagem to accomplish their purpose. the most usual methods. In many places, however, the zeal and ingenuity

They said one Sunday, "Father, if you will also go with us to the church of our friends have devised other plans for awakening interest and raising we shall be so very glad. We are very sorry because you do not go." money; and to one such device we now draw attention.

The father replied, " My boys, I cannot go to church. You can go. The A handsome contribution is yearly raised by the Church Missionary Buddhist religion is good for me." The sons immediately said, "If so, Juvenile Association at Margate. In 1865, the first year of the special

we also will not go to church," and at once took off their Sunday clothes, effort, a Missionary Tree was thought of. It produced £39. The follow

and put them in the bouse. The father was grieved, and thought, Though

I do not believe the Christian religion, yet to please my sons I must go ing year a second Tree produced £100, a great increase in the quantity with them to the church; and so he said, “ Put on your clothes again, I of fruit its branches bore. Then, as Margate is a sea-side town, the also will go with you," and thus the three of them went to church. idea of a Ship was conceived, which bore excellent results for three Although he went to church only to please his sons, and with no idea years in succession. Then came a Grove, a Hive, and another Ship,

of ever becoming a Christian, it pleased God to plant the Gospel of His followed by an Ark, a Chalet, a Bread Fruit Tree, a Bower, a Vineyard,

Son Jesus Christ in the heart of Carolis Almeda; and from that day, on

every Sunday, and every day when religious services were held, he attended a Pagoda, and a Grove again. The most popular of all these

as the

the church with his sons, and also began daily to read the Word of God. Hive, which, with its “Missionary Bee Collections,” yielded as much as After a time father and sons were all baptized, and lived together in peace £221. The Pagoda brought in £150. This year a MISSIONARY CAMP and happiness, until both of his children were taken away from him by Was resolved on, which has yielded nearly £150 also, making a total of

death, and the old man was left alone to bear testimony by a long and

consistent life to the reality of his faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. more than two thousand guineas raised for the Society by this Juvenile

After the death of his sons, he for a long time tried to maintain himAssociation in the eighteen years.

self by making walking-sticks, which he collected from the jungles and In each case, the room in which the sale was held, or a part of it, was sold to Europeans in Colombo. Some of the old man's productions were fitted up in the likeness of the Grove, or Hive, or Ship, or other device. most ingenious and fantastic. He would search out any sticks of peculiar How the Camp was managed the following extract from the programme

growth, and fashion them with heads of snakes, or cranes, or whatever in will show :

his fancy the natural growth most resembled. He took quite a pride in

his work, and was delighted when he succeeded in producing a better The hall will be transformed into a tented field; and the Camp will be stored

specimen than ordinary. As age and infirmities increased, he was less able with every variety of work, and with useful and approved articles as in the to work, and be was unfit to go alone into the jungle to hunt for sticks; former seventeen years. A guard will be furnished by the 7th East Kent Rifles, kindly permitted by

but the good Lord mercifully raised up kind friends who helped him, and Lieut. E. Foord-Kelcey.

he also received a small monthly allowance from a fund administered by the On the platform will be found spoils of war, the results of foregoing expedi.

Ceylon Government. In this way his last days were rendered comfortable, tions by a battalion of cadets.

and he was freed from all anxiety about temporal things; but to the very A canteen will be opened for refreshments and luncheon, for which all kinds last he tried, in a feeble way, to carry on his old trade, which had become of provisions are solicited, to furnish a good mess for all visitors.

a pleasure to him, and he did not like to be idle. Camp tea served at four, and at seven o'clock.

It was a real sorrow to him when, owing to age and infirmity, he was The attractions will be so great that the encampment is likely to be speedily

no longer able to walk to the church. Several times I picked him up and carried by a storm of golden fire, and the tents swept away by an avalanche of silver; at any rate, the camp having been fairly looted by hundreds of

took him with me in my waggon, on those Sundays when I went to his assailants, a trace will be sounded at five o'clock.

church to administer the Lord's Supper; and he was so very grateful, and The Camp will be re-opened for evening visitors at 6.30.

so glad to be present at the Table of the Lord. The Camp will be seen in its best when gorgeously illuminated; but camp

As his strength failed, his faith and hope brightened, and he spoke of fires being put out, tents will be finally struck at nioe p.m.

his death cheerfully and hopefully to all who visited him. Talkiog to This eighteen years' work has been carried on under the auspices of the

them, he would also bless and pray for them, saying, "I have no fear of Rev. H. Woods Tindall, so well known as the Lecturer of Trinity Church,

death. I have entrusted my spirit to the Lord Jesus Christ.” And his

countenance testified to the brightness of his faith and hope. His old and Margate, who is now removed to Manchester. He has been assisted by wrinkled face glowed with delight as he testified of the grace and goodMiss Rich, the untiring Secretary of the Association. The pupils in the ness of the Lord in sending to him the glorious light of the Gospel of His numerous private schools at Margate have taken the greatest interest in

dear Son. Often have I sat or stood and watched the old man's face as he the yearly gatherings, and it is they who have raised a large part of the

thus spake of “Jesus and His love”; and very often have I bowed my money. We trust that, now Mr. Tindall has left Margate, our young

head as he prayed God for His blessing on me and mine, and the work of

the Lord in which I was engaged. friends there will feel specially bound to keep up the Association in all its It was his wish that he should die on a Saturday, and then be carried to strength and attractiveness, and continue to support the cause of their the churchyard as the people were going to church-for it would be "like Divine Leader and Master with all zeal and earnestness.

going to church,” he said-and be buried by the side of his sons, and this

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