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Pictures from Egypt.-A House in Cairo.
appreciated were made from grains of wheat, and that white men L
AST month we gave a picture of a mosque at Cairo. From sacred we now had "corraddees” (dogs) large enough to carry a man—the only the Lord to His seventy disciples whom He sent forth before His face," first
satisfactory definition of a horse which he could invent !—they say, Peace be to this house." That is exactly what the Church Missionary thought he was going beyond all bounds, and stopping their Society now desires to say to Egypt.
ears, asked if it was likely they would allow themselves to be so imposed upon. Some few, candid enough to be willing to put his
declarations to the test, tried to ride their pigs, by way of practical THE STORY OF THE NEW ZEALAND MISSION. proof, and when they found this was impossible, decided that the By the Author of " England's Daybreak," " The Goud News in whole thing was a fiction, and rejected all his information as pure Africa,” fc.
invention. Had Tippahee been alive, he would have fully sup
ported his nephew's assertions, but Ruatara was now alone. III.
However, the earnest hearted young chieftain was not to be HE readers of last month's MISSIONARY GLEANER will easily daunted. He induced six of the doubters to accept some
not now feel as strangers to the handsome and in- corn, and sow it according to his directions and example. It telligent young chieftain, Ruatara, but will have sprang up well, grew luxuriantly, and he was eagerly reckoning sympathised with his many disappointments in the upon the overthrow of at least one of their prejudices, when just
endeavour to bring the blessings of Christianity to was coming into ear, they rooted it up, to search for the his countrymen. They will be prepared to rejoice with him, that grain which they expected to find, like the tubers of potatoes, after seven years, more or less, of delays and hindrances, he was forming underground, and finding, of course, nothing of the sort, at last, in 1813, permitted to return to his own people, in favour-pulled up all the plants and burnt them in angry disappointable circumstances, well furnished by Mr. Marsden with the ment! Only his uncle, Hongi, had the patience to wait for the tools and seeds and plants so necessary for introducing the ripening of the crop, and he was rewarded by a plentiful crop. blessings of civilisation. At first, he was listened to with the In spite, however, of these discouragements there was every greatest wonder and delight, but when he unfolded to them such incredible facts as that the bread and biscuit they keenly with spears mentioned on the next page.
* This dance, with guns, was of course sketched many years after the dance
prospect of a cordial welcome being offered to his missionary they landed ; Ruatara went forward to explain, and was friends, if they could now carry out their original intention of answered by a woman flourishing a red mat round her head, and coming to settle there, and he sent to them accordingly. This bidding them come. Obeying the summons, they soon found appeal found Mr. Marsden in some difficulty. Prejudice against themselves in the midst of these formidable cannibals. The the Maoris had been strengthened by the untoward circumstances chiefs sat upon the ground surrounded by their warriors, each which had taken place, and the wisdom of returning amongst having a spear, fifteen or twenty feet in length, stuck in the them was so strongly questioned, that though unaltered in his ground at their side. All were dressed in their native mats, own views, he found it would be best to send two forward as some of them very handsome, and had their hair neatly tied in pioneers, before advancing with the whole party. Mr. Hall and a knot at the top of the head, ornamented with long white Mr. Kendall arrived in 1814, to Ruatara's great joy. One can feathers. Some wore the teeth of their slaughtered enemies imagine the rapture with which he would exhibit his most round their necks as decorations, while some were adorned with flourishing farm to his European allies, potatoes, carrots, and
dollars taken from the ill-fated British ship. All at once the onions, all growing in profusion, and a good supply of wheat warriors seized their spears and brandished them, as if in fury, ready for the steel-mill, besides a most prosperous family of pigs ! one against the other; yells, shrieks and roars arose on every No time was lost in converting some of the grain into flour, to side, while the frightful gesticulations, and the variety of hor. the unspeakable amazement of the onlookers, and when Ruatara rible contortions both of faces and limbs, were enough to strike proceeded to make cakes out of it, and bake them in a frying- terror into the most courageous beholder. It was sufficiently pan, and then gave each a piece to eat, they danced and shouted astonishivg to be told this was the war dance of welcome. with extravagant joy, and rewarded him by hinting that they did A friendly conversation ensued, but as the day-light hours not now altogether discredit his extraordinary statements about had slipped past without discussion of the subject nearest Mr. the “pigs large enough to ride on," alias horses !
Marsden's heart, he took the bold resolution of passing the Six weeks' residence wholly satisfied these Christian spies sent night among these savages. “ The night,” he wrote, was clear, forward to view the land, as to the safety and desirableness of the stars shone bright, the sea before us was smooth ; around regularly commencing the Mission settlement; and spite of some were the warriors' spears stuck upright in the ground, and groups disadvantages from the feud consequent on the massacre of the of natives lying in all directions like a flock of sheep upon the crew of the Boyd, and the death of Tippahee, not yet healed grass, for there were neither tents nor huts to cover them. I over, and the hindrances arising from the low character of viewed our situation with feelings I cannot describe ; surrounded Europeans connected with the trading vessels that touched by cannibals who had massacred and devoured our countrymen, there, it was felt there need be no hesitation in fixing upon the I wondered much at the mysteries of Providence. I did not Bay of Islands as a starting point.
sleep much, my mind was occupied by the new and strange ideas It was in the end of November, 1814, that Mr. Marsden em- the scene naturally awakened." barked with his little party, in the small brig Active (which at his That evening and night were fraught with results of the own risk he had purchased for Mission purposes) from Port Jack- deepest consequence to New Zealand's future. The fearless son; and on December 15th, when the summer sun was bathing intrepidity of Mr. Marsden's conduct, and the cogency of his the scene in evening splendour, they first came in sight of the arguments, so wrought upon the chiefs, that they not only agreed land they were about to take possession of in their Redeemer's to leave the new settlement unmolested, but to come to terms
It was upon the 18th they actually disembarked, with of peace with the Chief of the Bay of Islands. E. D. Koro-koro, a chief who had accompanied them. His presence alone would have ensured them a favourable reception, but the welcome he received from his aunt was perplexing enough to THE NORWICH MISSIONARY EXHIBITION. have excited grave anxiety. Mr. Marsden thus describes it :“She had," he says,
T. ANDREW'S HALL is, owing to its architecture and a green bough twisted round her head, and another in her hand. As she advanced she prayed very
history, one of the sights of the ancient and interesting loud, and wept exceedingly. Koro-koro remained motionless til
city of Norwich. Once, before the Reformation, the
noble church of a monastic order, it is now the property she came up to him, when they laid their heads together, the
of the city Corporation and serves the various purposes of woman leaning on a staff, and he on his gun. Thus they stood,
a public hall. But perhaps never has it been better utilised than it was repeating short sentences aloud, which we understood were
in January last, when it was for five days transformed into what might prayers, and here they wept aloud for a long time, the tears rolling down their cheeks in torrents. It was impossible to see
be called a Missionary Museum. The Norwich Church of England
Young Men's Society, encouraged by a similar attempt at Cambridge last them without being deeply moved. A daughter of the aunt also
year, resolved to aid the funds of the Church Missionary Society by hold. sat at her feet weeping; and the women who accompanied her
ing in St. Andrews Hall a Loan Exhibition of objects of interest conjoined in the lamentation, cutting themselves in their faces,
nected with missionary work, and also an Oriental Bazaar for the sale of arms, and breasts with sharp shells or flints till the blood streamed down." It is difficult to believe it, but this was all
articles specially imported from foreign lands. The design was a good
one, and by God's blessing it prospered as it deserved. More than three intended as a manifestation of the most intense joy! The
thousand curious and interesting objects were lent, by friends residing in missionaries afterwards found it was the universal way of
different parts of England, as well as by the C.M.S. itself, the Church of expressing unspeakable rapture.
England Zenana Society, and the Missionary Leaves Association. The brig lay becalmed a few days off the Cavalle Islands, and
The exhibits were displayed in seven courts, named after the several while there Mr. Marsden found that a large party of the very parts of the world represented; and whichever way the eye turned it saw tribe who had killed the crew of the Boyd, the Whangaroan, objects which were really an eloquent missionary appeal, telling of the were encamped on the opposite coast. As it was of the utmost
degradation and misery of the heathen, and of the toils, privations, suflerimportance now to establish friendly relations with them, the ings and successes of modern apostles of the true faith of the Gospel. fearless missionary at once determined to visit them in person. Here in the African Court is a slave-pole, of great weight and forked Ruatara, knowing their unscrupulous ferocity, tried to dissuade at one end; the neck of the unhappy slave was placed within the prongs him from going, but finding he could not do so, generously re- and secured by means of an iron bolt passing through them. In this solved to go with him, and make the first advances. They way he was led across the country by his brutal captors, and escape saw a body of armed men stationed on an opposite hill when rendered impossible. Look, too, at that huge iron collar with four lengthy
projections having the appearance of feet. That was taken from the his soul-holder, a piece of hollow bone, engraved on the outside, in which neck of a slave by the Governor of Jamaica, and sent to the first he professes to place the soul of his patient while he conjures over him. Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton about the year 1830. Lady Buxton lends These five articles from the South Sea Islands—a stone adze, brush, whip, it to the Exhibition. That tall ugly figure is an idol given up war-club, and bowl-are notable for their having been at one time the in 1877 to the Bishop of the Niger, Samuel Crowther (once a slave), property of the famous martyr of Erromanga, John Williams. by King Ockiya, of Brass, and is a striking illustration of Isaiah xliv. We have not time to see the Zenana Court, or to inspect the stalls of 13, 16, 17, as it shows, at the bottom, the tree from which it was carved. the Bazaar, and accordingly take our leave of the Exhibition with praise This, which looks like a small walking-stick, is in fact a slave whip, cut for the past successes and prayer for the future prosperity of the Church out of the hide of a hippopotamus, and a stinging weapon indeed it is. Missionary Society.
F. S. SWINDELL, A few steps, and we are in the court devoted to Palestine, Egypt,
Curate of Holy Trinity Church, Norwich. Syria, &c. Here is a crown of thoros from Jerusalem, and if the crown [We may add that during the week about twenty lectures were given, placed mockingly on the head of our dear Redeemer were like this one on the orchestra, by missionaries and other friends, upon the various it must have cruelly wounded Him. Here is a shepherd's dress from C.M.S. Missions ; which were largely attended, and much added to the Nazareth, comprising belt, great-coat, robe, cap, kafia and cord, sandals, interest and practical usefulness of the Exhibition. Also, that the ecrip, dirk, flute, pipe and pouch, and sling. This rough piece of work
Exhibition and Sale produced £800, which, after paying all expenses, will
leave about £300 clear profit for the Society's funds. manship is a yoke made by a Nazareth carpenter, and although visitors
We should like now to repeat Mr. Arden's question, put in the should not touch, one's hand almost affectionately touches it, and one's GLEANER after the Cambridge Exhibition of last year, “ What town will mind reverently recalls what is written by the Evangelists concerning take the Exhibition next year ?" and to hope that it will again meet Joseph and Jesus. This is the head-dress of a woman of Bethlehem, with a speedy and hearty response. Perhaps we ought to add, Don't all lavishly trimmed with current coins, according to the local custom of
speak at once !-ED.] wearing money (sometimes as much as £30) on the head. It is suggested, as we stand inspecting this curious specimen of Judean millinery, that
THE GLEANER EXAMINATION. the woman mentioned in the parable in the 15th chapter of St. Luke would probably lose her drachma from her bonnet.
E regret to have to report that the number of competitors in We are now in the Indian Court. Here are torture clogs or shoes, such
the Gleaner Examination has again been less this year; as are worn by devctees on their pilgrimages, with the spikes upward
and it is now clear that our friends are not prepared to take against the naked foot. They remind us of an affecting anecdote. On
up the plan in such a way as to warrant its continuance. one occasion a missionary was preaching in India under a banyan tree.
We propose, therefore, to seek the same objects by a While he was preaching, a pilgrim shod with torturing sandals came up,
scheme of a somewhat different kind, which we hope to announce shortly. and sat down to rest, within hearing. The missionary at that moment
There were twenty-five candidates in all, besides four others who paid was repeating the text : “ The blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanseth
the entrance fee but did not sit. Twenty competed in Standard A, and us from all sin.” In an instant "marvellous light” shone into the
five only in Standard B. deluded pilgrim's mind ; he received the truth, and throwing away his
Questions for Standards A and B. clogs, cried with joy, “ This is what I want.” He ceased from doing 1. Give a sketch of the origin and early history of the Church Missionary penance, and returned home a new creature. Here is a cylindrical pray- Society. Mention some of its founders and first friends. ing machine—so small and light a child can work it. The prayers are
2. Give a brief account (a) of the founding of the East Africa Mission by
Dr. Krapf, (b) of its present position as described by Mr. Price. inside, and the ignorant worshipper believes they are offered acceptably as 3. Describe the work of the Society at any one of the following stations :many times as he causes the cylinder to revolve. Are there no nominal Calcutta, Lucknow, Amritsar, Jerusalem, Gaza, Ispaban. Christians ia dauger of being guilty of a like absurdity and superstition ?
4. Where are Agarpara, Baddegama, Fulladoyo, Julfa, Otaki, Pannivilei,
Port Lokkoh, Salt, Sharanpur, Skeena River, Tank, Tong A ? Are there none in our own land who have a notion that they have prayed, 5. Mention examples of spiritual life and consistent conduct among the and prayed acceptably, when they have mechanically repeated a certain
Native Christians in West Africa, South India, South China, North-West number of prayers, in which, alas ! the heart has not joined ? This old
America ; and relate more fully one example of the converting
grace of God.
6. Mention any special reasons at the present time for the Society's appeal sword of the reign of Shah Allum was used in 1857—1858, in the behead- for " Half as Much Again." ing of seventeen of the Indian mutineers. Tbat coat, decorated with
Additional Questions for Standard A only. bright golden lace, was worn by Ayoob Khan in the fight near Kandabar, when he was defeated by Sir Frederick Roberts.
7. Persia, Palestine, Egypt: Give a brief account of the Society's work in
these countries, noting especially its peculiar difficulties. We will now cross the hall, and enter the Chinese Court. Here the 8. What do you know of the Society's Medical Missions ? Where are they great objects of attraction are undoubtedly the memorials of the im
carried on ? and how ?
9. Who are the Bheels, Copts, Dinkas, Gallas, Pulayans, Shintoists, Sikhs, prisonment in Canton, in the year 1840, of the Rev. V. J. Stanton, for
Tamil Coolies, Telugus, Timnehs, Wakamba, Waziris ? merly Colonial Chaplain at Hong Kong, and now Rector of Halesworth. 10. What striking facts, and independent testimonies, have been recorded There are his prison coat and pillow, and what is more impressive, the lately in the Gl.eaner, which may be well used in conversations with persons chains for the ankles and neck, and the manacles for the wrists. Here
who doubt the success of Missions ? are two idols which were never the occasion of idolatry, inasmuch as the
List of Successful Candidates. manufacture was not duly completed. The spirit of the god requires to
3. Nellie Miller, Hastings.
4. "Louisa,” Turvey, Beds. be poured in through the hole in the back; when this ceremony has been
1. Lillie Lucas, Ripley, Leeds.
5. M. Trobitius, Tanburst, Dorking.
6. “E. J. B.," Iver, Bucks. performed, nothing will be wanting-meanwhile the images are powerless 2. Charlotte E. Lloyd, Shrewsbury.
7. Mary E. Storr, Boston. for good or evil.
3. Mary J. Bartley, Birmingham.
8. Maud Bosanquet, Tanhurst, Dorking.
4. Julia E. Brackenbury, Brenchley, Our visit must soon come to an end, but we must peep into two more
Honourable mention :-"M.," Turvey, 5. E. A. Davies, Shrewsbury.
Beds; Oliver P. Heywood, Southwick, courts for a moment or two. In the Australasian Court is a small pocket 6. Edith A. Disorowe, Benington, Linc. Brighton. Communion Service, which belonged to the Rev. Samuel Marsden, the
7. Emily S. Blenkin, Boston.
Class 1.-Mêmê Fleming, Leeds. Marsden Great Britain owes, under God, both the colony and the Church
9. Charlotte M. Davidson, Bath.
Class II.-C. M. Cuming, Bath. of New Zealand.” In this court a place is found for a spear, a mat,
Carrie Stubbs, Pentonville, N. and a few other things from the island of Madagascar, now so happily
1. Harriet 0. Botterill, Boston.
Honourable mention :-Wilfrid Thos. 2. Alice Oldroyd, Shrewsbury.
French, Brighton. Christianised, and for whose people it behoves us at this time to pray that their rights and privileges may be continued to them, despite the designs
It will be seen that we have entered all the candidates in Standard A of our French neighbours.
as having passed, which is certainly their due. In Standard B, four out In the next court (American and Pacific), among other curious things the six, could not be fairly mentioned.
of five passed. The fifth, having only answered three questions out of is the equipment of the North-West American medicine-man, including The winner of the 1st prize competes for the first time. All the others
in Class I. of Standard A have been in previous lists; but their relative
A MISSION TO THE SIOUX INDIANS. positions are considerably changed. No. 3 was the winner of the 1st prize two years ago. Nos. 5 and 6 were last year in Class II., and No. 10 has
HE Sioux nation, we need not say, is one of the most leaped from honourable mention last year without stopping in Class II.
important of the Red Indian tribes. No name is more by the way. No. 1 in Class II. was No. 2 in Class I. of Standard B
familiar in connection with prairie life, whether described
in traveller's story or in fiction. The old Sioux territories, Many of the papers are of real excellence. Some of the sketches of the Society's early history are admirable ; and so are several of the answers to
however, lay south of the border line between British Question 7. One or two candidates occupied too much time on Palestine
America and the United States, so that the C.M.S. has not had this bisand Persia ; and as more marks than the fair maximum cannot be allowed, toric name in its reports bitherto. But a band of Sioux came over into they lost by doing so. Notwithstanding a caution appended to the Manitoba some years ago ; and at the earnest request of the Bishop of Question Paper, two or three lost time by describing two or more of the stations named in Question 3, instead of one only; and no extra marks Rupert's Land, the Committee have in the last four or five years made have been given in these cases. Nor are any marks given for some excel
an annual grant of £100 towards the support of a Mission among lent accounts, in answer to Question 5, of converts belonging to other
them. The Very Rev. J. Grisdale, Dean of Ruperl’s Land, has given countries than those named; for instance, Ganga Bai and Guru Churun us an interesting account of the work, wbich appeared in The C.M. Bose, neither of whom belong to South India.
Intelligencer last month. The settlement is on a piece of land given There are unusually few actual mistakes in the papers, and scarcely any to the tribe by the Canadian Government, 125 miles west of Winnipeg, of the odd blunders wbich we have recorded in previous years. One candidate, however, is determined that we shall not lose the chance of a
and near the new Canadian Pacific Railway, which is rapidly advancing pleasant laugh somewhere, and tells us that it was Professor Jowett who across the continent. The chief of the band is called White Eagle. A went to Egypt for the Society in 1815! We have succeeded, however, young clergyman, the Rev. W. A. Burman, is labouring earnestly. in giving our friends two puzzles. Out of the whole number, only five The faces on this page show the Sioux type of countenance; and the know that Otaki is in New Zealand (see GLEANER, Dec., p. 142), large portrait opposite is that of the famous chief Sitiing Bull, who was The majority place it in Japan, and two in West Africa. One actually wrote " In the south of New Zealand," and then scratched the words
at the head of another band that took refuge within the Canadian out, and substituted "In Japan”! The other puzzle was the Waziris.
frontier some years back. The correspondent of a Toronto newspaper Only three rightly described them as the Afghan hill-tribe near Tank. went to see him in 1877, and wrote as follows :The majority place them in East Africa ; one, in New Zealand; and one A fierce snow-storm bad set in, and the soughing wind outside was bitterly calls them a sect of the Bheels."
cold, but the chief's lodge is well skinned, and with a hissing fire of poplar-sticks We have been particularly pleased with the answers to Question 10, very comfortable. Two gquaws—one a handsome maiden of twenty-sat which of course required a really greater effort of memory than any huddled up in a corner, laughing and chatting with one of the young men. other question. Between thirty and forty distinct facts and testimonies Poplar makes a smoky fire, and as the wind tore down the centre hole in big are adduced. Among them are the following:– Mr. Darwin's testimony,
gusts, it was at times difficult for one to see his neighbour's face. The Marmot, Bishop Wilberforce's Jubilee Speech, the charge of the Bishop of Madras,
a young Sioux of great renown, lay like a sleeping dog inside the door.
Sitting Bull, gazing into the fire and speaking as though in a reverie, then the large numbers confirmed in Tinnevelly, the sending of two agents by the
slowly began. " The Great Spirit has made the red man and the white man Tinnevelly Church to the Koi Mission, the Punjab Native Church Council brothers, and they ought to take each other by the hand. The Great Spirit supporting a mission of its own, Bishop Crowther ordaining a white man, loves all His children. He esteems the white man and the red man alike. The the Marquis of Lorne at Battleford, the Sultan of Zanzibar's reception of wicked white man and the wicked red man are the only ones He does not love. Mr. Price, the contrast in East Africa between Krapi's time and now, It was the Great Spirit, not the white man, who gave us these lands. I do not Sir Bartle Frere's speech at Exeter Hall, the interest taken in Dr. Krapt think that the Great Spirit sent the white man across the waters to rob us.” by Prince Albert and the King of Prussia, the appointment of a C.M.S.
I then asked Sitting Bull what he thought of his prospects for the future. missionary on the Indian Education Commission, Sir R. Temple’s figures,
He said, “I cannot say. I trusi the Great Mother (the Queen). What am I?
I am a poor Indian. I have no friend but the Queen and the Great Spirit.” the testimonies of Bishop Steere, Archdeacon Matthew, Mr. Odell, Col. Stewart, &c., &c. There could not be a more s'riking illustration of the To people like these the good Bishop of Rupert's Land is trying to abundance of the material supplied by a single volume of the GLEANER make known the real Gospel of the Indian's “Great Spirit”; and the for speeches at missionary meetings!
C.M.S. is thanksul to be able to take a small share in the work.