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model of Maori rulers. Long and earnestly did the messenger | danger, or quailed before difficulty; but they were fierce, bloodof the Gospel plead with him to give up the awful crimes that had thirsty, and vindictive in the extreme. They showed a horrible stained his former life; and Te Heu Heu was softened. He delight in cruelty, not only in massacring, but torturing their promised to give up fighting, and pleaded that a missionary victims. War was their favourite pursuit; they esteemed nothing might be sent to dwell among and instruct him and his people. else really worth living for; and the custom of “utu," or deAlas! we know too well the difficulties which often beset our manding satisfaction by the sacrifice of human life for any injury, beloved Society with reference to these heart-moving requests; real or supposed, of however remote a date, always supplied them there were neither funds nor men then at its disposal, and with a pretext for attacking those weaker than themselves. a few months after it was too late. We have spoken of Destruction and devastation followed every battle; the victors the treacherous nature of the soil. The pent-up subterranean laid waste the country, burnt the villages, destroyed the plantagas gradually loosened the earth, which fell in large masses tions, and dragged the women and children into perpetual into the bed of the river already mentioned. The torrent, slavery. The treatment of these unhappy victims was simply dammed up, swelled into a lake behind the opposing ridge, barbarous. They were their master's property, to be dealt with and at last, carrying all before it, swept the entire mass of exactly as he pleased. Hard work, hunger, and cruel stripes stones and mud as an avalanche upon the native dwellings. The for the slightest offence, were their daily portion, while their grand old chieftain had an opportunity of saving his own life, but savage owners stood by, making their sufferings a matter of he scorned to avail himself of it, leaving his people exposed to merriment, actually mimicking their groans and contortions ! If danger; he stood before his dwelling, his silvery hair floating on the master's anger was aroused, the slave was the one upon the wind, calling upon his god to stay the coming danger, and whom it was commonly visited. With a sudden blow from perished in the very act of his bootless prayer.
his hatchet, his angry owner would strike down the man who, Reference to one or two of the rare instances in which, in the perhaps, had long and faithfully served him, and then make earlier history, the Maori chiefs gave a favourable reception to preparations for devouring him. A story is told of one young missionary visitors, must not, however, delude us with regard to girl who had to collect the wood and heat the oven, in which, the character of the people in their original state. They had when prepared, she knew after death her own limbs were to be their noble qualities : a deep and tender love to their children roasted for the loathsome banquet of the rest of the household. and relations, a generous hospitality and faithful affection to their
E. D. friends, and a spirit of courage and daring that never flinched in
(To be continued.)
WE have referred on another page to the long connection of the late
revered Archbishop of Canterbury with the C.M.S. The special meeting E begin this month a new arrangement of this last page of the Committee held in consequence of his death was a deeply interesting
of the GLEANER. The “Epitome of News" will take a one. The President, Lord Chichester, was unable to be present, but he new form under the title of “ The Month"; under which
wrote expressing his great sense of the loss the Society had sustained by the head we shall also be able to say many things to our removal of such a "real and valuable friend.” Sir Harry Verney, M.P., readers on current matters of interest which could not
Prebendary Wilson, Canon Money, the Bishop of Huron, and the Rev. S. be said appropriately in the old column of bare items of news, and yet Gedge, spoke in strong terms of respect and admiration of the late Primate, which would not need the formality of a regular article. At the same Mr. Wilson and Mr. Gedge in particular giving some very interesting time, as we know this page is the first turned to by most readers, we shall reminiscences. At the funeral the Society was officially represented by use the present clearer and more open type. For the information of Captain the Hon. F. Maude (Treasurer) and the Rev. F. E. Wigram those who also read the other C.M.S. periodicals, we may add that this (Elon. Sec.). page will be quite distinct from “ The Month” in the Intelligencer and
THE C.M.S. Committee have presented a memorial to Lord Granville the Record, although some of the paragraphs will often be identical. But
on the question of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Egypt. The recent it must be remembered that we have to go to press ten days earlier than the sister periodicals, sɔ that important intelligence can sometimes be
important meeting on the subject at Willis's Rooms, when Lord Sbaftes
bury, Mr. Forster, and other public men spoke out fearlessly and strongly, included in their pages when it has been too late for ours; and then we
elicited a declaration from the Prime Minister wbich seemed satisfactory. have to print it in the following month.
But pressure will help the most willing Government, and it was felt We would ask the readers of the GLEANER to assist in pushing the sale. desirable that the Church Missionary Society should strengthen their It is not strict etiquette for a magazine to mention the numbers circulated hands by calling upon them not to miss the present opportunity of using of it; but as the accounts of the Church Missionary Society, published in the influence and power of Eogland to abolish slavery itself and so put the Annual Report year by year, give the particulars without concealment, a stop to the slave trade. there is no occasion to hide them here. In the year ending March 31st,
TAE new Nyanza party reached Uyui (near Unyanyembe), on their 1882, there were 451,758 copies printed, which, divided by 12, gives 37,646
way to the Lake, on Sept. 2nd. The Rev. J. Hannington, the leader, copies per month. Of these, a certain quantity were put aside for the
was dangerously ill, and continued so up to Oct. 6, our latest date. We annual volumes, and a good many were sent as free copies to the mission- earnestly trust it has pleased God to spare a life seemingly so important aries abroad, to association and district secretaries at home, to public
to the highest interests of the Mission, libraries, &c.; but the actual sale averaged more than 32,000 per month. That is a very large sale for a missionary magazine, as any bookseller or
One of the Tinnevelly pastors, the Rev. S. Paramanandam, of Sath. agent would well understand. But why should it not be much larger ? ankulam, died on September 14th. He was ordained in 1878. This We believe it is strictly correct to say that there are thousands of contri
reduces the C.M.S. Native clergy of that province to sixty-four. butors to the C.M.S. who bave never even seen it. Certainly there are many
On Sept. 24th, in the C.M.S. Mission church at Pallam, Travancore, thousands who do not take it in. And how many more are there who are
Bishop Speechly admitted a Native "reader,” Mr. W. Kuruwila, to not contributors but who would soon become so if they were induced to
deacon's orders. The Rev. Koshi Koshi presented the candidate and read the GLEANER? The Salvation Army owes not a little of its fame
preached the sermon. The new deacon is to labour at Melkavu, among and of its external success to the persistency of its members in selling its
the Hill Arrians. weekly paper. If the members of the Church Missionary Society would put forth the tenth part of their energy to sell our monthly one, its
Very interesting and encouraging letters continue to come from the
two African Archdeacons on the Niger, Dandeson Crowther and Henry circulation might quickly be doubled and trebled, and the GLEANER would be a real source of income to the Society.
Johnson. Immense congregations attend the services at Bonny and Brass.
Archdeacon Johnson is doing important translation work in the Nupe AND we do not wish to speak of the GLEANER only. We want the and Igbira languages. The Rev. T. Phillips, the English Secretary of the other publications of the Society pushed too. The clergy and intelligent Niger Mission, made his first trip up the river in the Henry Venn steamer laity should not fail to read the C.M. Intelligencer, which does what we in September. have not space to do-gives a complete record of the Society's work.
WE desire to draw the attention of our friends throughout the country The children should read the C.M. Juvenile Instructor, now more than
to the proposed Missionary Exhibition to be held in Norwich on Jai ever attractive. And we hope every one of our friends has the C.M. Sheet
23—27. This is a further extension of the good work so ably commenced Almanack hanging on his wall. But we must not mention them all. We
by the Rev. John Barton at Cambridge in the spring of the present year, ask our readers to look at the pink paper, the List of C.M.S. Publications,
an account of which appeared in our April number, Friends who so slipped into our present number.
willingly assisted the Cambridge Exhibition would be doing good service OBSERVE, that every publication of the Society on which a price is fixed to the C.M.S. by again lending their collections to the Exhibition at can be obtained from any bookseller. There is no reason whatever for Norwich. We strongly recommend our friends at all events to go and any difficulty. Hand the pink paper to your bookseller, and he can get see it. None who missed the one at Cambridge can have the least idea of whatever you want. The papers for gratuitous distribution must, of its beauty and interest; and there is every reason to expect that the one course, be obtained direct from the Church Missionary House. So can at Norwich will be still more remarkable. the selling publications, if purchasers prefer writing direct. So much for business. We are unwilling to occupy space with such
RECEIVED.—“From one who would give more if she could, Bath," 10s. ;
Rev. R. A. Wood, £1;" From one interested in the Mission for Persia," 2s. 6d.; matters; but our readers will bear witness that we have very rarely done
A. D. G., for Egypt Fund, £1 108. ; C. M. D., for the Henry Wright steamer, so, and we shall not soon do so again. Let it be borne in mind, however, 43, 6d. that the GLEANER is no private speculation. Every penny of loss upon it
Topics for Thanksgiving and Prayer. is a deduction from missionary funds. Every penny of profit is an addition
Thanksgiving for another year's mercies, contin ued and multiplied day by to missionary funds. Those friends, therefore, who help it on are really day. Prayer for grace to“ go labour on,” at home or abroad, for the missionary helping the missionary cause, even in the lowest pecuniary sense. But cause during the coming year, in full confidence that guidance and blessing
will be vouchsafed as in the past. they do more than that. They are spreading abroad the true records of
Prayer for the new Archbishop of Canterbury. God's work in the world. Our magazines do what St. Paul did at Jeru- Prayer for Egypt: that men and means may be provided for an energetic salem : they “declare particularly what things God has wrought among
C.M.S. Mission there, and that the Mission may find a door of entrance to the
hearts of the Moslem population, the Gentiles.” And we want to produce the same results in readers and
Continued prayer for more men, especially for the Society's vacant posts. hearers: “When they heard it they glorified the Lord” (Acts xxi. 19, 20). Prayer for the Niger Mission, and the new Nyanza party. (See above.)
THE CHURCH MISSIONARY
N. M. 7th F. Qr. 14th
... 6.10 p.m.
F. M. 22nd
THE OMNIPRESENCE OF GOD.
V. Ge. 9. 1–20. Matt. 19. 27 to 20. 11. E. Ge. 12 or 13. Acts 21.1-17.
M. Ge. 37. Mark 2. 1-23. E. (e. 39 or 40. Rom. 8. 18.
the strife of tongues ; but He will undertake for us, and He alone knoweth the end from the beginning. Like simple-minded
David, let us encourage ourselves in the Lord our God,” and February.
as we gaze into the starry heavens we may take counsel with
“the God of Abraham " in the holy rest of Eternity. 11 I dwell in the high and holy place, Is. 57. 15. (spirit, Is. 57. 15. Could the secret steps be traced which culminate in self2 F Purif. V.M. With him also that is of a contrite and humble
dedication to missionary enterprise, we might find that, like the 3 S Do not I fill heaven and earth ? saith the Lord, Jer. 23. 24.
[candlesticks, Rev. 2. 1. doughty knights of old, these modern crusaders had been called 4 S Quinquagesima. Who walketh in the midst of the seven golden to brace themselves for their life of conflict by keeping lonely 5 M 1st bapt. Abeokuta, 1848. Thou art near, O Lord, Ps. 119. 151. vigil beside the sword of the Spirit. How many have bravely 6 T Nigh unto all them that call upon Him, Ps. 145. 18. (Ps. 34. 18. passed through the ordeal ; cheered by the presence of their 7 W Ash Wednesday. Nigh unto them that are of a broken heart, M. Is. 58.1-13. Mk.2. 13-23. E. Jon. 3. Heb. 12. 3-18.
Great Captain, they carry His sublime rest into the duties and 8 T C. Simeon originated idea of C.M.S., 1796. God is in the midst trials of each day, and in His might, go on from strength to
[of her, she shall not be moved, Ps. 46. 5. 9 F Bp. Williams d., 1878. Fear thou not, for I am with thee,
strength. God speed all such ! Which of us workers has not 10 S I will never leave thee nor forsake thee, Heb. 13.5. [18. 41.10. known the bitter bereavement that seemed to take the life of our [much less this house ? i K. 8. 27.
life, tempting us to regret, lose heart, despair ? For us, then, is 11 S 1st in Lent. Ember Wk. The heaven cannot contain Thee : how M. Ge. 19. 12–30. Matt. 23. 13. E. Ge. 22. 1-20, or 23. Acts 26.
the constraining softness of the soothing words : Come, come 12 M 1st Tinnevelly Native Ch. Council, 1869. Gathered together in
apart, and rest. He wants to teach us that society is not sym[My name, there am I in the midst, Matt. 18. 20. 13 T Schwartz d., 1798. I'am with thee, and will keep thee, Gen. 28. 15. pathy, nor excitement repose, but that His love can fill up all 14 W Nile party reached Uganda, 1879. Even there shall
Thy hand blanks. He knows our sorrows; He counts up our tears. And, 15 T O my God, be not far from me, Ps.38, 21. (lead me, Ps. 139. 10. 16 F I will fear no evil, for Thou art with me, Ps. 23. 4.
far rarer proof of mighty love, He smiles back our smile and is 17 S J, T. Wolters d., 1882. The upright shall dwell in Thy pre- glad with us. He will make our seeming desert to rejoice and
[sence, Ps. 140. 13.
blossom as the rose, and gladness shall brighten, for us, the 18 S 2nd in Lent. Will ye not tremble at My presence ? Jer. 5. 22. M. Ge. 27. 1-41. Matt. 26. 57. E. Ge. 28 or 32. Rom. 2. 17.
wilderness and the solitary place. And when we have been un. 19 M Whither shall I flee from Thy presence ? Ps. 139.7. (16.11. consciously wandering away from the safe shadow of His wing, 20 T Mrs. Wolters d., 1882. In Thy presence is fulness of joy, Ps. 21 W 1st C.M.S. Miss, sailed for India, 1814. My presence shall go with
He in mercy lays us low on the couch of pain and languor. He 22 T The angel of His presence saved them, Is. 63. 9. [thee, Ex. 33. 14. makes a little enclosure, secure from the unrest of busy life. He 23 F Henry Wright appointed Hon. Sec., 1872. Glýry and honour
has wise lessons for us here. Let us learn them and [are in His presence, 1 Ch. 16. 27.
grow 24 S St. Matthias. Cast me not away from Thy presence, Ps. 51. 11.
Had we fancied ourselves indispensable to our little circle ? Is [Zeph. 3. 17.
it humiliating to find all can go on well without us ? Let us rest 25 S 3rd in Lent. The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is mighty,
our tired heads and sad hearts upon His breast, and let Him do 26 M The ord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest, Josh. with us what seemeth Him good. Very likely He has abundant 27 T Work, for I am with you, saith the Lord, Hag. 2. 4. [1.9.
work for us still, and He will send us forth to it, not less joyous 28 W Behold, He that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep,
(Ps. 121.4. than before the chastening, but somehow finding "all things
There is one desert place, the last in the journey, to which all
must come. MORE JERSEY BREEZES.
It is the Valley of the Shadow of Death. No
earthly companionship is possible there. As regards the familiar II.-Our Desert-places.
things of this world, we must go through the trial alone. But "Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a while."
what if we have long since realised, and meekly accepted, the allSt. Mark vi. 31.
aloneness of our unsatisfied nature? Then, surely, when HE green oasis of Christmas is left behind, and the
reach the last dreary spot, we shall instinctively do as we have New Year is already leading some of us through unto our fainting souls.' Ob, may we be wise and understand
done times innumerable; we shall “ come apart," and find rest desert-places. If so, they must be just what we are needing. Let us take heed to seek flowers where
these things. And may the Lord of Rest give us rest always, by
all means. the rebellious heart would wound itself against the
A. M. V. pricks. Perhaps we have been over-taxing the willing mind. The many “coming and going," many thoughts, many duties,
THE STORY OF THE NEW ZEALAND MISSION. many interests, left us no leisure to eat of the heavenly manna, to drink out of the wells of salvation. It is little wonder that, By the Author of “ Englandic Daybreak,” “ The Good News in hungry and thirsty, our soul fainteth within us. Let us listen to the sweet refreshing voice of Him who long ago said to others of
II. His dear weary ones : “Come ye apart into a desert place, and
UR readers of last month's number will have become rest a while.”
sufficiently acquainted with the ways and doings of Ah ! there are a great many desert-places in life, and, whether
the original inhabitants of New Zealand not to be we will or not, we must come to them. There are seasons of
surprised that the first European who approached momentous decision, when our whole career seems trembling in
their shores, Tasman, should have been fiercely the balance. The shifting sands of Time refuse sure footing to repulsed. He had been sent out in search of the Australian our faltering footsteps. Friends hesitate to counsel, and we continent by the Dutch governor of Java, in 1612, and, rejoiced must stand alone. Let us come apart" and rest, until we see by the sight of land, was pushing forward to the shore, when how the matter will fall. Our disappointments are His appoint- the Maori, launching out in their canoes to repel the unexpected ments. Let us realise that every deep true life is lonely. We visitors, made an unprovoked attack upon bis boats. Tasman, are poor logicians, and know not how to defend ourselves amidst judging from their numbers and desperate bravery that the safety
of his ships might be seriously involved, did not care to risk an tales of cruelty and bloodshed, in which the European narrators engagement, and retreated, leaving nothing behind him but the have known how to conceal their own faults, and lay the entire name which the islands have borne ever since, in honourable blame on the ignorant savages with whom they came into colremembrance of his native land.
lision. The reputation of these latter grew blacker and blacker, It was reserved for our fellow-countryman, Captain Cook, nearly so that the very name of New Zealand was held in abhorrence. 130 years later, really to weave the first links with this singular The heavenly joy of being the first to penetrate this darkness people. By the firm discipline he exercised amongst his crew, and with the healing rays of Gospel light was reserved for a young the mingled courage and tact which marked bis relationship with Yorkshire blacksmith, who united earnest love to his Master the natives, he established intercourse on so satisfactory a foot- and care for perishing souls with the indomitable perseverance ing, that (with the exception of four New Zealanders slain by a and
of a North countryman. Born in the humbler ranks misunderstanding on his first approach), not one other drop of of society Samuel Marsden was regularly brought up to the forge, blood was shed during his five visits to the islands, and to this but he had set his heart on being a clergyman, and, uniting study day the grateful recollection cherished of him amongst the Maori of the Latin grammar with the fuifilment of his own work, he forms the strongest testimony as to how he dealt with them. He managed to blow the bellows with one hand, and copy out had a great and a loving heart, this fearless navigator; he was Latin rules and exercises upon the fire-board with the other. touched with the want of proper food, and the lack of the most 'The clergyman of bis parish did his utmost to help him, and in ordinary comforts amongst these people. It was he who intro- course of time Mr. Marsden was ordained a chaplain to the conduced the pig (afterwards one of their most important articles victs, and dispatched to the antipodes, at Port Jackson (now of diet) amongst them, with the potatoe, the turnip, and the Sydney) in Australia. cabbage. Wheat, peas, and beans, they refused to accept, Whilst there he met two New Zealand chiefs whom a Captain though he urged these also upon them. They were utterly King had brought with him from their native land, hoping they unlike anything that they had seen before, and they would have would be able to furnish valuable information on the cultivation nothing to say to them !
of flax. This was his first introduction to the race to whom But better food for the body only could not benefit the souls, he was truly to be an apostle in the future ; the interest the characters of these poor heathen. Trade was established thus awakened in them was strengthened by intercourse with with New South Wales, but it speedily degenerated into a system Tippahee, a remarkably intelligent and superior Maori chieftain, of fraud and violence—acts of bad faith on the part of Europeans, who with his four sons had worked his way to Port Jackson, on and thereby retaliation on that of the New Zealanders ensued, so board a sailing vessel. This man's eagerness for the welfare that the scattered notices we have of Maori history between the and improvement of his country was such, that when taken to a times of Captain Cook and Samuel Marsden are little else than rope-walk to see the process of spinning twine and rope, &c., he
burst into tears, exclaiming, “ New Zealand no good ! " Mr. told. The love of enterprise which marks many of the Maori, Marsden saw much of Tippahee, and finding with joy that he had induced him, four years before, to engage himself as a would thankfully co-operate in any attempt to bring the Gospel common sailor in one of the whalers touching at Port Jackson. and civilisation to his native land, took occasion, on returning to After twelve months' service, he was put on shore without either England, to lay the case before the Church Missionary Society. money or friends, and must have starved had he not been re
The Committee at that time were few in number, but they engaged by a Captain Richardson, who kept him six months, were strong in faith. Mr. Marsden's appeal met with earnest and dealt honourably with him as regards payment, so that and prayerful attention, and it was determined to send out, as Ruatara, forgetting his first experience, engaged a third time settlers, a few artisans, men of piety and industry, to teach the with the master of a ship, who promised to gratify the height of natives the simpler arts of life, who, while winning their con- his ambition, and take him to England to see King George. fidence and affection, might scatter amongst them the seeds of Alas for the too-confiding Maori, this man left him for ten long Divine truth. Two singularly suitable men were appointed— months upon an uninhabited island, with a few others, to collect William Hall, a carpenter, who understood navigation and ship- seal skins, so ill provided for, that three of the little band died building; and John King, a shoemaker, who was conversant with from sheer want, and though they had collected for him no less flax-dressing and rope-making, and knew something of agriculture. than 8,000 seal skins, the inhuman monster treated Ruatara, These men, noble, faithful-hearted mechanics, laid the foundation when again on board, with the utmost cruelty ; he was beaten of all the mighty work subsequently achieved in New Zealand. with such severity, as seriously to injure his health ; and though They knew nothing of the land of their adoption but its misery he bore all patiently, in his intense desire to see King George, yet and its wickedness, its massacres and its cannibalism, yet they when they actually arrived, the master laughed at him for having left their native country, with all its blessings, to dwell amongst been thus taken in, and discharged him without wages. a nation of terrible savages, where they knew well that their own Ill, destitute, and friendless as he was, who does not trace an lives, and those of their families, would be in constant danger. over-ruling Providence in his being led to make his return All honour be to them and to the memory of their self-sacrificing voyage in the very ship which was conveying Mr. Marsden and toil !
his missionary companions? We can imagine the genuine symIt was a marvellous omen for good, that a day or two only pathy and kindness with which his troubles were listened to, his after they had started, August, 1809, Mr. Marsden noticed å ailments doctored, and his wants supplied. His health speedily man sitting upon the forecastle. He was evidently in great improved, and his appearance and manners won general favour. suffering, miserable-looking and emaciated. He recognised In person he was tall and well made, his dark eyes were full of New Zealander, and found that the stranger was a nephew of his animation, and his bearing noble and dignified. His behaviour friend Tippahee, Ruatara by name. His sad history was soon was naturally courteous and engaging, and his mind equally