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THE STORY OF THE NEW ZEALAND MISSION. favourable spot for a new settlement. The very desolation of the By the Author of " England's Daybreak," The Good News in

country through which they passed appealed with an eloquence Africa," $c.

more touching than words to the hearts of those entrusted with

Gospel of Peace.” In many places it was absolutely X.

depopulated by war. Mr. Williams says, " It was melancholy E must not suppose that our missionaries confined to look around; all was perfect stillness-no vessels, boats or

their efforts to the neighbourhood of the Bay of canoes, moving over the surface of the waters which spread like Islands, where their first stations were established. magnificent rivers among the numerous islands. Traces of Kaitaia, the fifth Mission settlement, a few miles former towns and villages were visible wherever we turned ;

from the Western coast, was formed in 1831; but all the inhabitants had been destroyed, or taken captive, eagerly the natives assisted by erecting a chapel, cutting roads or had fled.” Spending the Sabbath on one of these islands, now through the woods, and throwing bridges over the rivers, to absolutely depopulated, nothing was heard but the songs of the facilitate the movements of their teachers; and so many candi- birds, whose sweet and varied notes were distinctly heard mindates crowded around them, to entreat the instruction prepara- gling with the Christian hymns that now, for the first time, tory to baptism, that great care and strictness were exercised to ascended to God from these lonely regions. How well we can guard against its becoming an unreality. Pana, the head chief, enter into the feelings that swelled the hearts of His faithful joined the Christian ranks, and no sooner became a believer him- servants during these consecrated hours. “I felt," says the self, than he earnestly sought the saving of others. He called missionary, “an indescribable sensation as I viewed the ground his copy of the Word of God his new "weapon of war," and on which we sat. For many successive years this neighbourreceived a hearty welcome, for they observed they need no hood has been the seat of war in its most savage and infernal longer dread him, as they did when he sought to devour them forms—but that the Lord has now here heard the prayers of like a dog. Tawai, Pana's greatest enemy and that of his tribe, His people is an earnest for good, and this place is, as it were, had for long carried on the most bitter hostilities against them; now consecrated to Him." but one Sabbath morning Mr. Matthews, the missionary (a son-in- Wherever they went on shore they met with the most hearty law of our friend Mr. Davis), was told that the dreaded Tawai welcome, and urgent entreaties to remain. “ We keep the Rahad suddenly appeared in the settlement. His heart misgave tapu ” (sitting still upon the Sabbath day), was the constant him, and hastening to see what it portended, he was amazed to plea, “but we can do no more till a teacher comes.” Many of find the lion had become a lamb. Tawai informed him that he the chiefs were tired of fighting, and seemed to think that if the must now salute him by the name of Moses, he had become a missionaries would but come and settle amongst them, peace Christian.

would follow as a necessary consequence.

" I shall go on fightThe incidents which led to his thus being cleansed from the ing,” said one fine young chief, “ till missionaries come and leprosy of sin almost remind one of the story of the little break my legs; then I will sit still and learn !” Another maid who waited on Naaman's wife. One of Tawai's slave-girls pleaded, “The Ngapuis have left off war because they bave mishad some time before lived in one of the Mission families at sionaries; but how can I learn-can the trees teach me?" Paihia, where she had received regular instruction. Tawai took There was something deeply touching in one question, repeated her away to come and live with him, but he could not make her more often than any other, “Why did you not come in our leave behind the teaching which had sunk into her heart. She fathers' time, then we should have learned better from our continued to repeat the prayers and catechisms she had childhood ? " learned. Her master strictly forbade her doing so; but for- At Puriri the people, delighted to see them, crowded round to midable as he was in his savage ferocity, she had learned to lead them to the most favourable spot for a future settlement, fear God rather than man, and she continued to pray on. En- and did all in their power to make them comfortable. As the raged, he now threatened to shoot her, but this made no differ- day was closing, the missionaries invited them to attend the ence : prayer had become dearer, more necessary to her than life. evening worship they were about to hold with their own natives, Perplexed and interested by her courage and perseverance, he who had accompanied them, and in a few minutes between 150 now began to inquire into these doctrines, which wrought so and 200 had assembled. The shades of night were falling mightily in those who received them. His slave-girl became around them, several fires had been kindled, and the flames cast his teacher, and God blessed the precious seed of the Word their uncertain brilliance over these children of the wilds, lightthus sown to his awakening and conversion. After baptism, it ing up the graceful mats in which they enwrap their limbs, and had been one of his first impulses to visit his former enemies, their fine expressive features ; it was a scene for a painter to Pana's tribe, and carry them the good tidings. He had not heard delight in. Mr. Williams gave out the hymn, and what was his of the work amongst them, and was equally surprised and astonishment when not his own party only, but the whole rejoiced to find that the missionaries were there, and Pana, like assembly, joined in, in full chorus, words and tune all correct ! himself

, had become a Christian. It was a beautiful sight to The missionaries almost doubted the evidence of their own see these two fine warriors, who bad at one time desired nothing senses, but the wonder was enhanced when the loud Amen at so much as chances of shedding each other's blood, worshipping the close of their petitions, and then the universal joining in that day together in the house of God, and when the services were the Lord's Prayer followed this singing of the hymn. The over, passing the evening in relating to each other how God had solution of the mystery only deepened their thankful amazeled them both into the same narrow road. The next morning ment. Three lads who had formerly been taken captive in Mr. Matthews found them both at the school, starding in the same Hongi's wars, had lived for some time in one of the mission class, and reading together the first chapter of St. John's families, and, afterwards escaping to their homes, had imparted Gospel.

to their countrymen the instruction they had received, entirely It was still earlier than this, in 1833, that earnest entreaties without books. from the River Thames and the Bay of Plenty reached the One can imagine there was no longer any hesitation in fixing missionaries for white men to come and dwell among them, on Puriri for a settlement, and the work thus remarkably comthat they too might “ learn to sit still.” Recently strengthened menced by the hand of God grew and prospered under His by help from England, they were able at once to respond, and in blessing. The “raupo chapel (i.e., built with reeds interOctober, the same year, they started in a small vessel to seek a woven and plastered with mud) was soon more than filled with

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attentive worshippers, and at the school mothers and even the country. A secret order was sent by the leaders of the rebellion to grandmothers might be seen side by side with their own children, every Santål village to kill off every pig and fowl, and a threat that if learning the first simple lessons of Scripture. The desire for they refused to do so, they themselves should be killed in the insurrection. instruction had spread for miles around. One day a chief from We had at that time a fine pig, which we killed and ate. fifteen miles distance came for a slate. " What can you want it

I have no récollection as to the quarter in which the rebellion began. for ?" was the natural question. “I want to write,” he re

This only I remember, that a number of Santål families came and settled plied ; “I have learnt from a young man in my own village, down at the entrance to our villaze, and made for themselves small huts who was once in the Bay of Islands."

of branches, and they remained with us about a monih. After this there We must bear in mind that all this was going on in the midst

was such a panic amongst the people that village after village became of continual petty wars and bloodshed, among the surrounding deserted, and the inhabitants with their flocks and herds bid themselves tribes. They were perpetually shedding each other's blood,

in the thickest parts of the jungles. We, seeing what others did, became murdering and massacring, for the most trivial excuses, so

so frightened, that we, oue and all, forsook our homes and followed them. that the time and strength of the missionaries was continually

Some took off their belongings in carts, others tied them ia bundles and taxed to prevent an outbreak of fresh hostilities, or rescue some

took them away on the backs of oxen, while others again, having no other innocent ctim. Indeed, hopeful as its commencement had

means of conveyance, carried their children on their hips and their

bundles on their heads and fled. When we reached what seemed to be a been, it was found best after a while to move the mission settlement from Puriri to Hauriki and Maraetai, some miles lower place of safety, we balted and hid ourselves in the jungle, and never down the River Thames. Here it was permanently established, attempted to show ourselves by day, lest we should be discovered and

killed by the soldiers. The children were not allowed to cry; the younger and some six years after their first arrival amongst them the missionaries could report of nearly 1,000 natives taught to read,

ones to be kept quiet were nursed by their mothers, the elder ones were

either bribed or threatened. and eighty amongst them baptized, whose consistent lives testified to the reality of the work in their hearts.

We remained crouching in the jungle for about a fortnight, and as by that time the soldiers had not made their appearance, the men and boys

of our party ventured to go into the neighbouring villages to pluck BAIJNATH'S STORY.

some Indian corn which was then ripening. I cannot say how long we

remained in that place, but fresh reports having reached our ears, we The Autobiography of a Young Santâl.*

thought it safer to go farther away; so we set off, and after resting at [Translated by the Rev. F. T. Cole from the original account written several places on the way, we arrived at Kusumbu, a village near down by Baijnath himself.]

Dumka. Here most of our cattle died from exposure and wet. We T the time of the Santal Rebellion (1855) I was about seven

moved on, a short distance from the village to a small hill; here we were years old. We were then very well off, and had plenty of beyond reach of the floods. By the side of the hill was a small cave: into land, flocks and herds, and wanted for nothing. I had one

this we crept and thus were saved from much cold and wet; our carts and sister older than myself who used to stay at home whilst I

cattle we were obliged to leave in the open air, and my father had to amused myself out in the fields with other shepherd boys. watch them day and night. In this cave we remained for some time in My parents were very kind to me, giving me plenty of sweetmeats and comparative comfort, whilst other poor creatures had to sleep under their baked Indian coro.

carts, exposed continually to the rain; but we also were in danger from We boys used to milk the goats, drinking the milk. At other times we largə snakes and wild cats, which often frightened us, so much so, that at would allow the milk to curdle and then eat it. We used to make walls last we preferred to live in the open air and endure the same privations as of dirt and call them our houses, in these we placed heaps of sand which

the rest. we called rice. The village girls used to play with us: they would stay in

Soon after this we moved on to Kusumba, and then built a small house the house and pretend to cook the dinner, while we boys used to tie sticks

for ourselves from the remains of the deserted village. We subsisted on together and pretend to plough the fields, choosing two small boys to act Indian corn and jungle fruits. It was most distressing to see the amount as oxen. At breakfast time the girls would bring us mud in plates made

of suffering, people and animals dying by scores. I well remember one by themselves by tacking together several leaves with grass stalks. This morning passing four fat buffaloes feeding; in the evening when we remud we pretended to eat. Afterwards they brought us water with which turned they were all lying dead, having been left to take care of themselves, to wash our hands and faces. After breakfast the girls would go to the and thus they perished from exposure. fields which we had pretended previously to plough, and plant the rice,

Several weeks passed away, when suddenly cholera broke out amongst grass doing duty for young rice plants. Then we would build other us. My eldest sister and other relatives were among the victims; numbers houses, which were intended for the newly married. When the houses also of the villagers died. We were in such fear that we determined at were completed we performed the marriage ceremony amidst great

once to return to our old home and take the consequences. We could feasting and rejoicing. Afterwards we would go to the jungle with our but die; we might be saved. On our way home we were attacked with bows and arrows and have a grand hunt. Sometimes we knocked over a fever, and could not go on with the other villagers. They said, “Come sparrow or caught a rat. These we would roast and eat with great glee, with us,” but my father answered, “We are all so done up with fever dividing equally to all the hunters, and if any other boys or girls came,

that we cannot move a step farther.” So they went on without us. In we would meet them with the Santal salutation and offer them some beer that village we had some relations, but they had no pity for us, they in a leaf cup. We had a large round stone which we called the beer jug, would not give us even a night's lodging. After a time the fever left us, and from this we pretended to pour out for our friends. They would and we hired ourselves out as day labourers. Our food was all gone, and pretend to be drunk, and this we considered great fun. In this manner we were content to work all day for an evening meal. The goats we we used to pass our days.

brought with us were all stolen. We thought ourselves fortunate if One day reports reached us that some soldiers were coming to seize and sometimes we got a meal of cooked leaves and roots; a plate of cooked

We were terribly frightened, and our parents used to hide us in rice was indeed a luxury. the fields of Indian corn during the day. The corn was very high then,

Again we set out to return to our home, but on the way my father was and afforded us a capital hiding-place. By degrees the panic subsided, and again seized with fever. We could do nothing for him ; he lay all day in again we acquired courage to play in the open air. Soon after this, reports a field, and we feared he was dying. It was a most anxious time for us, spread that the Santals were about to expel the Hindus and English from strangers as we were, and far from home or friends. My brother and

sisters were very young, and my mother tired and weak. However, * We would remind some of our readers that the Santâls are one of the towards evening my father, being slightly better, managed to drag his non-Hindu hill-tribes of India. See GLEANER, Jan., 1875; April, 1877 ; and Mr. Storrs's letters in the volume for 1879.

My mother carried on ber head a Baijnath's Story" gives a vivid

aching limbs to the nearest village. picture of the actual life of a poor peasant in India, such as we very rarely get. basket, containing all our worldly goods, and my father, with the aid of a

eat us.

stout stick, managed to creep along to the village. We were very much and every day he would appoint a different meeting-place lest he should frightened by its becoming suddenly dark, for there were many robbers be discovered. My mother when she went to him made a pretence of about in search of plunder.

fetching firewood, and thus no one suspected her errand. This conThe next day we were going on to another village when we met two tinued for some time, and it made my father so nervous that he said to Mars (a race of Paharis who live in the plains). They said to my father, me, “My boy, come and stay with me; I fear they will find and kill me “Give us some tobacco.” My father replied that he had none, and one of these days. If you stay with me I shall be happier; it is so dreary moved on. They said, “Stop, we wish to speak to you.” My father all alone in the jungle. I see no one, I feel as if I had no one belonging told them that he could not stop, he must go on. Then one of the men to me. Come and live with me." I stayed with him, and we both used struck my father on his back, but not enough to disable him. He turned to visit mother and sisters every night, and creep away before dawn. In round, and with his stick felled the man to the ground. A hue and cry the day-time we dug up roots, and at night we took them with us to my was then raised by the other Pahari, upon which a number of Paharis mother, who would cook them and have them ready for us by the time of came flocking to the spot. They seized my father and bound him, while our next visit. I rushed behind a tree shrieking. Then he was bound with a rope that So we went on for some time, till my father at last said, “ We are they found in our basket, and dragged away to their village. I need dying of hunger, and are in danger of losing our lives, let us leave the hardly say they appropriated all our belongings, leaving us completely place.” Our cows and buffaloes had been left with our relatives, and now destitute. Finding upon inquiry that we had relatives near there, they we intended taking them away, but when we untied the calves there was carried off my mother and us children to their village. One of the men such a noise that all the villagers turned out to see what was going on. was very kind to me, carrying me on his shoulder because he found I was Our relatives told us therefore to leave them with them for the present,

promising to return them to us after the rebellion was over. We managed, however, to take with us two buffaloes, and afterwards lent them to some friends, but we never saw them again, for they were overtaken by the soldiers, who dispersed them and left the animals to their fate. We used to travel by night for fear of the soldiers, and one night we were caught in a heavy rain, and I was so tired and hungry that I sainted, and became so stiff and cold that my father told my grandmother, who was carrying me, to throw me into the jungle, thinkiog I was dead. My grandmother told him that she would not give me up, but would carry me till it was light and then

Thus we went on through the jungle until we came to an open spot, when my father said, “Wait here till I can find a place for you, there is a village close by, I will go and see if we can find shelter there.” He soon returned, and took us with him to a distant relation's. I was placed before the fire and rubbed vigorously, and then I revived.

We reached our old home about July, and had nothing to eat and no money; but the villagers who had returned before

we did helped us a little, though they, BED INDIAN ENCAMPMENT. (See page 114.)

too, were in trouble. We found that

our crops had been taken by others who tired. My father was left bound in the Pahari's house. A little rice was imagined we should not return. However, afterwards they restored the given him, but, as bis hands were bound, he was unable to cook it. My land to us, but being the hot season it was not the time for barvest, and grandmother visited him daily, and cooked for him. It so happened that therefore the land was useless to us. We were in great trouble, having one day he was not bound very securely, so he managed to get his hands no oxen for ploughing and no seed for sowing. So when the rents were free, and then he unfastened the other cords and escaped to the jungle. collected we had nothing to pay. The man who had reaped the fields paid The Paharis then seized my mother and grandmother, and accused them the rent and made use of the land afterwards, and when we wished to of setting him free, which they denied, telling them that they did not cultivate the fields he refused to give them up, saying the land had been know even where he was. The men determined to kill them, but God given to him. Our relatives, too, behaved most unkindly to us; my uncle kept them from their purpose. They were allowed then to go to their would not ask us to sit dowu when we visited him, nor did he ever show relative's house.

us the smallest kindness. Thus we were obliged to earn our dinner by The second day, in the middle of the night, my father secretly paid us a working all day for it, and if no one would hire us we subsisted on leaves, visit, staying only a few minutes. Every day the Paharis would come and sometimes on the husks of rice. At harvest time we fared better, for and ask my mother, “Has your husband returned ? Do you know we gained a good deal by gleaning, and lived in comparative plenty for where he is ?" When they could not find him they laid bands on about a month. My parents left us every day at dawn and returned everything that remained to us, we could keep nothing; we durst not after dark with the proceeds of their day's work. I being the eldest had refuse them. My father remained in the jungle, and when the villagers to take care of my three brothers and sister, to keep them quiet and to were fast asleep he would creep stealthily into the house. We gave him wash them. I also cooked for them in the day-time and fetched wood food, and he would appoint a meeting-place for the next day. Every day from the jungles for my mother when she returned late in the evening. at noon, when people were resting, my mother would take him some food, My mother afterwards told us what a joy it was to her, when they came




home, to find us safe and sound. Many during

teacher was very strict also, and as we Santáls were that trying year succumbed to famine: nearly every

not fond of being kept in order, he had no little family lost one or more members from jungle fever

trouble in dealing with us. He sometimes thrashed and cholera.

the boys; this soon thinned the school. He never About this time my parents quarrelled, which led

thrashed me, but one day he twisted my ears most to a separation. My father took me, and my

uomercifully for playing the truant. There had mother took the other children; she went to live

been a Hindoo feast held in a neighbouring village with an uncle. My father and I, after going far

with sports; to this I had gone without leave, and away from home, found work in a newly opened

therefore richly deserved what I got. coal mine, which had been the bed of a river. My

About two years I remained in this school. At father obtained good wages in this employment,

the end of that time the Rev. E. Puxley visited all and we managed to live very well. I used to stay

the village schools, and examined us; seven of us in the hut and collect fuel and fetch water whilst

passed, and he took us and our teacher to Taljhari, my father was working in the mine. One day a

for the purpose of training us as teachers. I was lump of coal fell on a boy who was working, and

entered in the second class, and after a month was his whole body, in consequence, swelled and after

promoted to the first. I was obliged to stay in wards turned into sores. This circumstance so

school longer than the rest on account of my youth. frightened the Santals that they left en masse ; some

Mr. Puxley said to me, “I cannot make you a returned to their homes, whilst others, and amongst

teacher, you are so short, the boys would not mind them my father, went to work on a road then being

you," so I stayed on several years longer in the made in the district. After working there for some

school. I well remember my surprise upon seeing time my father said, “Let us return home, I am

some Santål and Pahari boys eating with the Hintired of this life.”

doos; in our eyes this was considered a great sin. We then went on till we reached our village.

We seven Santal boys used to cook together, and The place was so much changed we could hardly

were very careful that the other boys should not recognise it. Of a number of beautiful pipal trees

touch our food. One day a teacher took up our there was nothing left but the trunks. We heard

hookah and smoked it; we immediately broke it that thousands of soldiers bad been encamped there,

and threw it away, thinking that if we smoked it and every branch that could be found had been

afterwards we should lose our caste. It was very cut down to supply their elephants and camels

long before these prejudices wore away; but seeing with food. The villagers told us how that they all

others, and reading in school, we became more cleared out as soon as they saw the red coats with

enlightened, and gradually became lax in those guns and swords.

matters. By this time my father and mother were again

The teacher tried daily to impress upon us the reconciled. We now lived with them again. As

importance of becoming Christians; we read the day servants they managed to save a rupee or two,

Gospels, but they made no impression upon us; we with wbich they bought a young sow, who soon

were convinced of the truth of Christianity, but we after presented us with some little pigs; these were

had no desire to become Christians. At length my entrusted to my care to shepherd. When they

parents believed and were baptized; this had so were grown up two of them were sold, and with the

(See page 114.)

much influence on me that I soon followed their proceeds we purchased a cow. Not long afterwards

example. The prominent thought in my mind had we hired a pair of bullocks, with which we ploughed up a piece of land been : If I become a Christian how shall I get a wife? (there being and planted it; we gradually acquired more land, one field at a time, tiil scarcely any Christian Santâl women at that time)—and I shall not be we were able to live quite comfortably on our own farm.

allowed to dance or drink; all men, too, will snub me, calling me a About this time a number of schools were established in the Santâl Christian. I used to go to church, but did not understand the meaning country by the Rev. E. Droese. A teacher was sent to our village, and my what I heard. The preacher told us to “ ask our minds” (conscience). father promised to send my younger brother to school. He, however, did I said to myself, “How can my mind speak ? I never heard a voice not care to learn, and wanted to become a serrant, so my father said to me, speaking in me. It is all nonsense thinking one's mind can speak.” “Baijnath, would you like to go to school ? I jumped at the idea, and Before becoming a Christian I thought tbat if I believed that God saw accordingly my name was enrolled. We used to sit in the open street for me, and that Jesus died for me, surely I should never sin. I used to school, the ground being swept and smoothed, and we were taught to wonder how those who called themselves Christians could do so many write large letters on the dry

wrong things. Now I know ground. We had no books

by experience how very at first, and were thought

difficult it is to lead a holy wonderfully.clever when we

and a godly life. could read and write our

At the time when we own names. Our native

very poor, no teacher forbade us to eat

would invite us to their animals that had died of

houses, or have anything themselves, as we had been

to do with us, but God has accustomed to do. In con

watched over us and prosequence of this, many of

tected us from death and all the boys left the school. I

other evils. We have reason was anxious to get on, so

to thank and to praise Him promised to do as I was bid

for raising us to our present in this matter, which made

position. God's book is the boys very angry with

very true, and what He me, and I as much perse

says He is sure to percuted in consequence. Our


form. He makes small the






great men of the earth, and enriches the humble poor. He raiseth up In May, a General Conference of Protestant Missionaries in Japan was the poor from the dust, and maketh them to sit in the bigh places. This held at Osaka. The proceedings were of considerable importance and I have seen in many cases. Those who used to employ us as day- deeply interesting. Not only were the papers and discussions on various labourers are now so reduced that they are glad to work for others; at topics valuable, but the spiritual influences which by God's mercy accomone time they used to eat curds (which is a great luxury to the Santâls], panied the meeting were remarkable. All have seemed to have been now they are content if they can get a little rice-water to appease their stirred up to special prayer and renewed consecration to the Lord's serhunger. We have now sheep and oxen and fields, so that we can afford vice; and both missionaries and Native Christians shared in the manifest to have what many call luxuries. God has been very loving to us, and blessing. A full account appears in this month's C.M. Intelligencer. our former neighbours are astonished at our success. Day by day He is loading us with benefits; when I try to reckon them up, I entirely fail; Mrs. RUSSELL, the widow of the lamented Bishop, still works on in they are like the deep waters. I cannot fathom or fully understand how connexion with the Ningpo Mission. She writes :much He has done for us. We were in the dust and the mire, having no

Being no longer young, I work mainly through my Bible-women, with my

infinence on the wives of the clergy, and catechists, and the Christian women clothes or oil for our bodies; the villagers so despised us in our poverty in general. When the weather is mild I visit the Christians in the out-stations, that they did not deign to cast an eye on us; no one would acknowledge living in the boat (the mission-boat), or at Sanpob, in a room set apart for

the accommodation of missionaries ; on these occasions always accompanied us as relatives. Now everything is changed; our relations are only too

by one of my Bible-women. There is always a good deal of talking to the proud to own us. WI I consider the grace of God, I cannot help heathen, either in the homes of the Christians, where numbers would come to praising Him, and whenever high thoughts come into my mind, I re- see the fort ign lady, and hear her talk in the Native tongue, or in the boat, as member the past and say to myself, “Friend, remember the days of old, and

many as it could hold, several times during the day, or in the houses of

friendly heathen, &c. how it fared with thee then.” God has done it all, He has made me My mornings are fully occupied in studying the Word of God with my great ; yes, He gave His only Son for me, riches for soul and body. He Bible-women, and instructing others, women and children, of whom I have

several. Several of them are very young. I give out medicines, supply the has provided for me, and I try by His help to glorify Him.

catechists with what they and their people need according to my ability, or I have written nothing but the truth about ourselves. God has indeed assist them in procuring such medicines not in my power to give gratis, &c. turned our mourning into joy. When we first became Christians we were much persecuted, and were the only Christians in the village: the

During last winter, Bishop Horden, of Moosonee, was busily engaged head man tried to drive us out; we had hard work to maintain our rights.

upon Ojibbeway translations, particularly the Acts of the Apostles. He They would not allow our children to go near their houses, lest their food

was assisted by the Rev. J. Sanders, who is an Ojibbeway Indian, and who and vessels should become defiled by our touch. Our friends used to say

has already himself rendered the Peep of Day into his mother-tongue. we should get no wives for our sons, or husbands for our daughters; God

At the same time, Archdeacon Vincent was preparing a Cree version of bas provided us with wives, and our sisters with husbands.

the Pilgrim's Progress. “All," writes the Bishop, “is activity; every When we were ill no one would have anything to do with us. The

one is at work; all feel how necessary it is to work while it is still called native doctors said, “You have forsaken the gods, and our medicines are

to-day." of no use without incantations, so we can't help you." We were raised MR. SANDERS, whose station is Matawakumma, writes that he has now up from dangerous illnesses without their help, which surprised them four books in Ojibbeway, viz., St. Matthew's Gospel, a hymn-book, a very much, for they thought there could be no hope for any who had catechism of Bible history, the Prayer-book nearly complete, and a hymnforsaken their "bongas.” They imagine that they are preserved from book with 100 hymns. “Nearly all our people at Matawakumma and sickness only by offering sacrifices to propitiate the angry spirits; we had Flying Post can read, and like their books well, especially the hymn-book, not done so, so we must die, they imagined. Gradually they altered their as they are very fond of singing." opinion, seeing we are not only preserved but prosperous. Many of the heathen say now, “ You have done the right thing," and they no longer The translations into the Pahâri language (Rajmahal hills, Bengal) of regard us as outcasts. The state of feeling has changed very much during the Gospels of St. Luke and St. John, and the Church Catechism, by the the past twenty years.

Rev. E. Droese, of Bhagalpur, have been printed in the past year. So [The sequel to Baijnath's Story will be given in our next number.] has the revised edition of St. Matthew in Santali. A Bible History in

the latter tongue is ready for press, and the larger part of the Prayer

Book ia Pahari.

THE Rev. T. R. Wade has passed through the press his Kashmiri BEFORE this number appears, the Rev. A. W. Poole will (D.V.) have been consecrated to the English Bishopric in Japan, the ceremony

translation of the Four Gospels, 1,000 copies of which have been printed; being fixed for Sept. 29th. We ask for special prayer on his behalf.

and also the Morning and Evening Services. The rest of the New

Testament, and most of the Prayer-Book, are also ready for printing. We are sorry to say that, owing to the health of Mrs. Hutchinson, Copies of the Gospels, nicely bound, were sent to the Maharajah of General George Hutchinson, the Lay Secretary of the Society, will be Kashmir and to his Vizier, and were very kindly acknowledged. obliged to spend the ensuing winter abroad. During bis absence, Colonel Tough, an active member of the Committee, who has also served on the Two more tried friends of the Society have been called away, viz., Corresponding Committees both in Madras and in Calcutta, will be in Lieut.-Col. Buckle, the Lay Secretary of the Bath Association since charge of the Lay and Finance Department.

1855, and the Rev. Sydney Gedge, formerly C.M.S. Secretary at North

ampton. Mr. Gedge was an old and valued member of the ComIn addition to the missionaries named in our last number, the follow

mittee and an Honorary Life Governor. He spoke at the last Annual ing will be included in the Valedictory Dismissal on Oct. Ist :—The

Meeting of the Society in Exeter Hall, and took part in the distribution Revs. J. B. Panes, M. N. S. Atkinson, and E. W. Elliott, designated for

of prizes at the Missionaries' Children's Home so lately as July 19th. the Telugu Mission; Rev. A. W. Cotton for Hydrabad ; Rev. T. Holden

Mr. Gedge had gone with his family to Cromer where he contractei an for Peshawar; Rev. G. E. A. Pargiter for Agra ; Rev. J. H. Horsburgh

illness which ended with his death on Aug. 29th. He was in his eightyand Dr. E. G. Horder for China; Rev. T. Harding for Lagos; and the Rev. D. Wood returning to Ceylon. THE Bishop of Sierra Leone lately paid a visit to Port Lokkoh, the out

A LETTER from Cairo dated Aug. 13th informs us that all the Mission lying station 50 miles inland from Sierra Leone, at the head of the river,

party had been graciously preserved in health while the cholera was where Mr. J. A. Alley works as a lay missionary, with Mr. S. Taylor,

raging, many hundreds of persons dying each day while the epidemic B.A., an African. The Bishop confirmed six candidates, and writes

was at its worst. Mr. Klein states that up to the date of this letter fully warmly of this little Mission. The natives of the country are Timnehs,

15,000 had died in Cairo alone. The schools were of course closed, and the but many Sierra Leone ple are settled there as traders. (See GLEANER,

public Arabic services discontinued, but Mr. Klein conducted an Arabio Feb., 1882.)

service in his house, and the Saturday evening prayer meeting as usual.

second year.

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