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FAMILIAR FIGURES IN PALESTINE : (1) JEWESS; (2) JEW ; (3) LEPER; (4) BEDOUIN WOMAN.
ENGLAND AND PALESTINE.
England through all her shores was stirred, The Moslem still rules Palestine, Went forth full many a martial band; Her sons came out from burgh and hall,
But travellers from each hemisphere
Are free to visit bill and shrine,
To countless hearts so strangely dear.
There is a small and peaceful band The Holy City to set free; Each wearing as his badge a cross,
(O might their number sevenfold be !) By the fierce Moslem captive held From hearth and home they sailed away,
Who journey to the Holy Land,
Intent to make her truly free.
They go not forth with trump and shout,
They wear no badge to win the eye, No crowds applaud as they pass out
With calm resolve to serve and die. Crucified to each earthly aim,
Their Saviour's sign they bear within, Their joy, their glory to proclaim
The one true Sacrifice for sin.
England ! wilt thou stand careless by,
Nor help them in their sacred task ? How canst thou, with averted eye,
Withhold the aid they humbly ask ? All that thou hast of good and great,
Of wise and pure, of fine and free, Thy wealth, thy power, thy high estate,
Came from the Holy Land to thee.
Thy fathers worshipped sticks and stones ;
They gave their children to the flame; Thy land was full of tears and groans
Before Christ's faithful preachers came. The light of truth has made thee shine,
Has spread thy name from sea to sea,
SKETCHES OF MISSIONARY WORK IN PALESTINE. Nazareth girls. Under Miss Dickson's admirable and loving
Education in the East, relieves us of the care of most of the BY LOUISA H. H. TRISTRAM.
care fifty girls are boarded, clothed, and taught here; and there is
now accommodation for fifty more, who I have no doubt will be VI.–NAZARETH.
forthcoming as soon as funds for their support are supplied. E had had a week of very unsettled-looking weather
Every kind of Mission agency is at work here. The evansince we left Jerusalem, the only fine days being gelistic work of our missionaries, church services, schools, those spent at Nablous, and on the Friday morning meetings, and a mothers' meeting and sewing class, conducted we rose from our beds at the foot of Mount Carmel by Mrs. Huber and her daughter,--the Scotch Medical Mission
to find it pouring as if it had never rained there has a small hospital (though the absence for health's sake of the before. As it had been raining all through the night, our rather doctor prevented our seeing this at work),—and Miss Dickson's low camping ground on the banks of the Kishon speedily became orphanage ;-everything, in fact, but the one thing that might a swamp, and it was with feelings of great relief that we set off naturally occur to us as being the most essentially in sympathy for Nazareth on Saturday, under a clear sky.
with the place and its holy associations. This is a higher grade We forded the Kishon with more ease than had been antici- | boarding school for boys of the same class as the Diocesan pated ; and soon found ourselves in a lovely park-like country, School at Jerusalem. In the girls' orphanage they have not till we again emerged on the swampy plain of Esdraelon, where only the advantages of a Christian education, but they are we could well imagine the heavy work that Sisera's chariot trained in habits of cleanliness and order, and taught to make wheels must have had. Then after ascending a rocky valley, and
their homes of the future what a Christian home ought to be. rounding the brow of a bare hill, we found ourselves close to the Now when these girls marry, if their husbands have not had a town of Nazareth. Through its narrow streets we rode, attracted similar training, what chance is there for them ? They will in almost immediately by the sight of an open carpenter's shop, most cases gradually sink back disheartened to the old filthy whence came the busy sound of the hammer, a sight the deep ways that the influence of generations will easily bring back to interest of which you can easily understand.
them. I must here say that in matters of food, style of dress, We chose our camping ground, high and dry, on a charming and expenditure, no change is made in the custom of the country, sward overlooking the whole town, and close to the fountain, which is usually that best adapted for it. The C.M.S. hope much which has every right to the name it bears of the Virgin's Well. to be able to plant such an institution here, in the heart of Galilee, It is the one well of the place, and here, without the least doubt, and I would earnestly hope that a special effort may be begun for must Mary have come day after day, as we now saw the Nazareth this work so urgently needed. There are orphan boys drifting maidens coming with their pitchers for water.
into misery and vice because there is no such home open for Nazareth is built in an amphitheatre of hills, nestling against them; and this is on the spot hallowed to us as the scene of our the southern slopes, but the old village was much lower down in Lord's boyhood and early manhood. On those flower-clad hills the hollow. It has been so much the custom in the east to He wandered as a little lad, and no more certain track have we build on the rubbish heaps and debris of former dwellings, that it anywhere of those holy footsteps than on the slopes of the hills is impossible to say how many Nazareths have been piled one
of Nazareth. upon another, gradually creeping up hill on the slopes of the true I think if the boys of England, those at our public schools, as Mount of Precipitation.
well as those toiling in the humbler walks of life, would make the As one of the oldest and most important of our Mission effort, a sufficient sum would then be raised, and our dear Society Stations in the Holy Land, Nazareth now presents the feature of be spared the pang of looking at an open door they cannot enter. the second generation of Protestant Christians, and this, as is What more blessed or interesting work can be imagined than a always the case, is a time of special difficulty and danger, from the Boys' Industrial School and Orphanage at Nazareth ? Geographiadmixture that there must be of mere nominal professors without cally a better spot could not be chosen. Nazareth is the centre the zeal of first love. “Grace does not run in the blood," as a of northern Palestine, and easily reached from all parts. It is a wise man once said. However, there is true love and zeal to be thriving town, and the easy access to the sea coast gives it found in the greater number of the Mission congregation, and special advantages and openings for labour and trade. some of the very difficulties felt are just the outcome of a grasp
Nazareth is lengthening her cords in the surrounding country ing after more subtle teaching and the danger of losing hold of
as a centre of C.M.S. work. At Shefamar we have a church and first principles, a peril to which the Oriental mind is peculiarly school, with a catechist and schoolmaster, and the services susceptible.
and week-day meetings are well attended. At this village there So many English travellers were spending Sunday at Nazareth are twenty-six communicants. Reineh also is a very hopeful and that Mr. Bellamy and Mr. Huber kindly arranged for an English vigorous out-station, ministered to by an able and devoted schoolservice at eleven, therefore we did not go to the Arabic service, master, and there are schools open and a good beginning made which is early and very well attended. The church is a very in many a Galilean village. Kefr Kenna, or Cana of Galilee, is fine building, accomplished a good many years ago at very
about an hour's ride from Nazareth ; and here we have a good moderate cost, under the superintendence of Mr. Zeller, who school as far as master and boys are concerned, and it is hoped lived here for many years, and was the father of the Nazareth that a good schoolroom will soon be built. The master here is Mission. We could feel that our church there was thoroughly catechist also, and conducts services on Sunday. All these outworthy of its central position in the now thriving and prosperous
stations are visited from Nazareth by the Native Pastor there, town. There is a second Arabic service in the afternoon, and who works under the supervision of Mr. Huber. Sunday-schools besides, all admirably managed, as was seen by
The Mission at Nazareth is a most flourishing and important those of our party who went out in the heat of that Sunday one, and much good has come out of some of the difficulties of afternoon.
former years. The congregations have increased, and the church The boys' school numbers 130 scholars, in a capital school is full every Sunday, while the meetings on week-days are very room, the enlargement of which was not quite completed when largely attended. Now, when once the Boys' Industrial School is we were there. There is also a good school for girls and infants, begun, we shall have a model Mission, thanks to the help from who are day scholars, but the beautiful orphanage on the side of those who work so heartily by our side on this holy ground. the hill above the town, maintained by the Society for Female
“LO, HE COMES WITH CLOUDS DESCENDING,"
l'a da won ru,
GOOD NEWS FROM MASULIPATAM.
delighted to hear that a former pupil of the Caste Girls'
to one of the schools when she was quite young, perhaps nine or ten years of age, and remained two or three years, when she joined her husband, and went to live at a place some distance from Masulipatam. After a year or two her husband died, and she came back to Masulipatam to be with her friends. My wife heard that she would be willing to become a pupil-teacher, or monitor to the younger children of the schools, and employed her as such part of the day, while she continued her studies the other part. Before we left India in 1880 there appeared to be signs of a good work going on in Sheshamma's heart. She used to go on Sunday afternoons to the house of one of the Christians, and occasionally to my wife, for reading the Word of God and prayer. And since we have been in England we have heard that she was still seeking after God.
Mrs. Peel now writes: "Last June she professed her desire to become a Christian, and in her own house has tried to live in accordance to God's law. About four months ago her father died, and she did not like to leave her home then for fear of being thought heartless, but last week she told Mr. and Mrs. Anantam (the Christians whom she used to visit on Sunday afternoons) she had quite made up her mind and would come out the following Sunday. When she came to our house she wrote to her mother saying: 'I have chosen Christ to be my Saviour, and wish to be baptized in obedience to IIis command.'» Late at night the mother, brother, and a girl went to Mr. Peel's house and tried to induce Sheshamma to give up the idea of being a Christian, but without success. Then the brother dashed his head violently agaigst the pavement and the women began shrieking to show their sorrow. As she was still unmoved they reasoned with ber again; and then the brother gave bimself a terrible blow on the head, which made him quite unconscious for a time. As soon as he recovered they went away. The next day the mother and sisters went and tried to persuade her to give up her new religion ; they too did not succeed. She was to be baptized on the following Sunday. I trust she has remained steadfast and has been received into the ark of Christ's Church by baptism. Sheshamma herself wrote a nice letter to my wife, telling her that she had professed to be a Christian though her friends had begged her not, and asked for prayer that she might continue in the faith of the Lord. She had not received baptism when she wrote, and may after all have been prevailed on by her friends to go back ; but I trust she has been enabled to lean on that Strength which is sufficient for every time of need. She belongs to the Sudra caste, and is the first one who has publicly come forward from those schools and professed Christ. May she ever remain His !
WALTER CLAYTON. Sheshamma to Mrs. Clayton. (Translation.) To Mrs. Clayton.-- Dear Mother-From the day you went to England to this day I, by Ged's help, have been well. Up to this time I am doing work in the schools which you placed (or begun). When you were here you had much desire for me to join the religion of Christ, and now by God's grace He bas given me strength to confess Him before all. Therefore I, last Sunday, to become a Christian woman, came to Mrs. Peel's house. I am there still. My relatives came and begged me very much to return to their house ; at that time, the Lord being my helper, I heard their words but did not go with them. He delivered me out of that temptation. If the Lord will, to-morrow even I having obtained baptism, shall be received into His Church. I am writing this small letter to tell you that you may be very glad. Dear mother, you will please pray that I, according as I have begun, may continue to the end faithful to the Lord, and towards Him may increase in faith and love.
Please both you and Mr. Clayton accept my loving salaams. I have written in this way.
SHESHAMMA. [Since the above was in type, we have received from Mr. Clayton, with great thankfulness, the news that Sheshamma had been baptized and was remaining steadfast, though much opposed by her friends. Her brother had even threatened to stab her.]
[A picture of one of these caste girls appeared in the GLEANER of Sept., 1581.]
THE STORY OF AGARPARA.
of Calcutta. The church and mission premises
pretty picture to passers-by in sailing up the Hooghly from Calcutta. The Mission is one among the many instances in which we see an All-wise Ruler bringing good out of evil; famines in different parts of the country having been the immediate cause of its establishment. Various circumstances have led to the desolating famines which from time to time have visited different parts of India. Frequently they have been caused by drought; but probably as frequently by inundations. In 1832, three inundations of an unusually severe character swept away thousands of the inhabitants of large districts in Lower Bengal. Mrs. Wilson, widow of a C.M.S. missionary, who was one of the pioneers of mission work among the women of India, seized the opportunity which this calamity afforded for interesting friends in the destitute natives; and having obtained funds, despatched a Christian catechist, with several helpers, to assist the sufferers. By this means many children were rescued ; though several whom they had hoped to save were so exhausted that they died on the way to the home prepared for their reception. The buildings at first occupied by Mrs. Wilson were regarded only as temporary, and after much search for a suitable
а spot on which to establish an orphanage, the present premises were bought by her, an unused Government silk factory, which occupied the site, being altered and enlarged to enable it to accommodate its new inhabitants. The new buildings were completed 1836. The following year saw the erection of a commodious school-house, capable of holding 500 pupils, for
A Hindu's Opinion of Hinduism.
Bombay Presidency, “a very energetic and enlightened man,” lately travelled across India to visit Benares and the other sacred places in the North. ** He came back disgusted with what he saw, and at a public lecture given in the High School he exposed the hypocrisy, deceit, and wickedness which he had witnessed while on pilgrimage.” He then printed his lecture, and sent copies to the C.M.S. Mission in his district, with permission to distribute them. Thus, writes the Missionary who sends this information, “educated nonChristians are doing what they can to pull down the crumbling edifice of Hinduism. May the time,” he adds, "soon come when they will be willing to build as well as destroy by substituting a living faith for å dead one."
youths of the better class of Bengalis, and the year 1838 saw In 1842, Babu Guru Churun Bose, a convert to Christianity, the erection of a mission-house for the residence of a missionary. was appointed head master. His history is an interesting one: The church seen in the picture was erected afterwards, and
Guru Churun Bose belonged to a family of good position in Calcutta ; in the autumn of 1841, though not quite completed, was opened he was born in 1823. When a youth at school his attention was first for Divine service. (There was originally a tower to the church, drawn to Christianity by reading a book, which had been lent to his but it was destroyed in the terrible cyclone of 1864, and has elder brother hy a Christian schoolfellow, now the Rev. G. C. Mitter. not been rebuilt.)
This book, Bishop Wilson's "Evidences of Christianity,” convinced him In 1842, Mrs. Wilson left India, and during the forty years
of the Divine origin of Christianity, and with God's blessing led him
beyond the simple head belief, touched his heart, and he could no longer that have since elapsed the Mission has necessarily passed remain among his heathen relatives. Anxious to embrace Christianity, through many hands. But each successive missionary in charge he took refuge at Bishop's College, where he received further instruction has brought to bear upon the work the full power of an earnest
previous to baptism. While there, many were the attempts of his family and loving purpose, notably the revered Revs. T. Sandys and
to lure him away; threats and entreaties were, however, alike unavailing;
the oft-repeated plot of the feigned entreaties of a dying mother, that her S. Hasell, and their wives. For ten years the Orphanage has son would visit her ere it was too late, was in his case attempted in vain. enjoyed the able superintendence of Miss H. J. Neele, under At last one day his brother visited him, and taunting him with his whose administration much good work has been done amongst
unkindness to his mother, said that, in her anxiety to see him, she, “ a the children.
purdah-lady," who never went outside her own apartments, had actually The Boys' School to which we referred above was opened two
accompanied him to the boat to beg an interview. The poor youth,
though fearing much to put himself in the power of his family, longed years before Mrs. Wilson left India. That it was fully appre- to see his mother; and judging that his heathen relatives would have but ciated by those for whom it was established is proved by the a poor idea of his newly-adopted religion, should it appear to harden his fact, that within a very few months 300 boys were in attendance. heart against her who loved him so much, decided to enter the boat, The work went on prosperously until a temporary check was
which was drawn close up to the shore, and in the cabin of which he
expected to have the sad pleasure of once more embracing his beloved given to it, in consequence of its bearing real fruit in the con- mother. He entered the cabin to find, alas ! no mother there, but to version and baptism of one of the pupils of the English school. know that he had fallen a victim to the plots of his angry relatives, several He was a Brahmin, and his baptism naturally roused the anger of whom were there to receive him, with anything but loving words. of the influential Hindus of the neighbourhood, who set up help reached his Christian companions, who had watched the scene from
The boat was soon loosed, and rapidly rowed from the shore; his cry for opposition schools, which of course drew away many pupils from the river's bank; their angry shouts soon brought down one of the prothe mission schools.
fessors to still the commotion. The question, “Did he go of his own