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God's grace can and does do wonders. Nearly one hundred can now read in their own tongue the Word of God, and many have a clear and intelligent knowledge of Christianity.

As regards the habits of the people, I am glad to say there

13 some improvement. The Esquimaux are 8 very dirty race. To see an Esquimaux in his wild and uncivilised state is truly disgusting; their skin being literally coated with dirt, while their hair is generally one hardened, clotted mass. Several of the Esquimaux who come to Little Whale River present a different appear. ance, and some of them quite enjoy a wash. As soon as I can get wood from the south I shall (D.V.) build a bath-house; I shall then ask them to supply washing utensils, &c., and I hope to create amongst them at least a little love for soap and water.

"As regards the inner and spiritual life of the converts, I delight to say there are some cases of the Holy Ghost's influence. It is true these are comparatively speaking 'little flock.' It is true they are in some cases weak and erring; but our great Master had but a little band, and He loved them



with all their


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[His courts with praise, Ps. 100. 4. 5th aft. Trin. Enter into His gates with thanksgiving, and into

5 W The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon Him, Ps. 145. 18. We know not what we should pray for as we ought, Ro. 8. 26.

M. 1 Sa. 15. 1-24. Ac. 15. 1-30. E. 1 Sa. 16 or 17. Mat. 4. 1-23.

10 M Whoso offereth praise glorifieth Me, Ps. 50. 23.

11 T J. C. Miller died, 1880. They sung a new song, Rev. 5. 9. 12 W Lord, teach us to pray, Lu. 11. 1.

[to be made, Ac. 16. 13. 13 T Female Inst. S. Leone op., 1866. A place where prayer was wont 14 F Is any afflicted? Let him pray, Jas. 5. 13.

15 S

Is any merry? Let him sing psalms, Jas. 5. 13.

[Ps. 5. 3. 16 S 6th aft. Trin. My voice shalt Thou hear in the morning, O Lord, M. 2 Sa. 1. Ac. 19. 21. E. 2 Sa. 12. 1-24, or 18. Mat. 8. 1-18.

17 M Jay Narain's Coll. op., 1818. Sanctified by the word of God and 18 T Praise waiteth for Thee, Ps. 65. 1. prayer, 1 Tim. 4. 5. 19 W Let the praises of God be in their mouth, Ps. 149. 6. 20 T All Thy works shall praise Thee, Ps. 145. 10. 21 F Mungo Park disc. R. Niger, 1796. O Thou that hearest prayer, [unto Thee shall all flesh come, Ps. 65. 2. Ask, and it shall be given you, Mat. 7. 7.

22 S [joyful in My house of prayer, Isa. 56. 7. 7th aft. Trin. 1st Confirm. at Osaka, 1876. I will make them

23 S

M. 1 Chr. 21. Ac. 23. 12. E. 1 Chr. 22, or 28. 1-21. Mat. 12. 1-22.

24 M Pray without ceasing, 1 Th. 5. 17. [nothing wavering, Jas. 1. 6. 25 T St. James. Bps. Speechly and Ridley consec., 1879. Ask in faith, 26 W 1st Tsimshean bapt.. 1861. Brethren, pray for us, 2 Th. 3. 1. 27 T Niger Miss. beg., 1857. That the word of the Lord may have free 28 F Ye also helping by prayer, 2 Co. 1. 11. [course, 2 Th. 3. 1. 29 S Wilberforce d., 1833. God granted him that which he requested, 1 Chr. 4. 10.] [Ps. 149. 1. 30 S 8th aft. Trin. Sing His praise in the congregation of saints, M. 1 Chr. 29. 9-29. Ac. 28. 17. E. 2 Chr. 1, or 1 K. 3. Mat. 15. 21. 31 M Found. Stone C.M. Coll. laid, 1826. Praise ye the Lord, Ps. 150. 1.


RES, half as much again as what we gave

To be the offering of the present year,

Must with the many mean more sacrifice,

More earnest work, more prayer; but shall we fear?
Surely for Him who bore the cross and pain

Few can refuse the "half as much again."
What did I give last year to Mission work?
Ah! that is known alone to God and me;
Was it so small, I never missed the sum

Costing me nought? My God, oh! can it be?
Linked to Thee now by Love's unbroken chain
I'll give myself, my all; in giving all, I gain.
Whate'er we gave up in the year that's past,
Now is there no indulgence we can yield?
No hour redeem from sleep, no talent lay
Low at His feet, who owns the Mission field?
Oh let us then each selfish wish restrain,
That we may give the "half as much again."
Not half as much again, but all we have:

We must redeem the time that has gone by,
Must give to God of all He gives to us,

Our treasure garnered henceforth in the sky.
Oh! happy souls this motto who retain,

To give each year the "half as much again!"


RECEIVED:-J. B. J., Kensington, 5s.; Mrs. Winch, 4s.; Miss Mason, £1 108., collected by knitting stockings, &c., for friends. Also, for the Henry Wright steamer, 58. from J. F., who writes, "I am sure that after reading the account of the Rev. W. S. Price's voyage from Zanzibar to Mombasa in the GLEANER, all the Society's friends will wish to hear that the Henry Wright is at its post as speedily as possible." Also £5 from "Only a Gleaner," whose letter is too late for insertion. The following letter has also been received, enclosing a gold watch-guard :-"The writer bought, a few months ago, a gold watchguard; but whenever he knelt to pray for the work of God among the heathen his eye fell upon it and it seemed to reprove him. It weakened his faith. So now he sends it to belp the work which before it hindered. May the Lord be pleased to accept it for Jesus' sake. Kindly acknowledge receipt in the GLEANER." (The watch-guard was sold for £2 16s. 6d.)


Another noble benefaction has been made in aid of the Society's work by Mr. W. C. Jones, the donor of the £20,000 and the £35,000 held in trust for the support of Native agents in Africa, India, &c., and the assisting of Native Churches in India, and also of smaller sums to build colleges at Fuh-chow and Hang-chow. He has now presented to the Society a sum of no less than £72,000 Consols for the training and support of Native agents and the development of Native Churches in China and Japan.

Three old and much respected members of the C.M.S. Committee have been lately called away, viz.: Colonel Smith, F.R.S.; W. Coles, Esq., of Dorking; and J. G. Sheppard, Esq., of Campsey Ash, Suffolk. Colonel Smith was for. some years Chairman of the Finance Committee. Mr. Coles has bequeathed £2,000 to the Society.

One of the oldest of C.M.S. missionaries has been taken to his rest, the Rev. C. T. Hoernle. He went to Persia under the Basle Mission in 1825, and in 1838 joined the C.M.S. in North India. He laboured forty-three years at Agra, Meerut, &c. He only returned home to Germany last year, and died on June 7th at the age of seventy-eight.

We regret also to announce the death of the Rev. James Quaker, one of the senior Native clergy in West Africa, on May 24th. He was Principal of the Sierra Leone Grammar School, with which he had been connected for thirtythree years. He was ordained in 1855.

Dr. W. P. Johnson, of Edinburgh University, having offered himself to the Society as a medical missionary, has been appointed to the Santâl Mission, His brother, the Rev. J. J. Johnson, is a C.M.S. Missionary at Benares.

The Rev. Thomas Dunn, formerly a lay agent of the Society in Ceylon, and then of Islington College, who was ordained deacon with the other Islington men on May 1st, was admitted to priest's orders by the Bishop of London on Trinity Sunday, June 4th, at the request of the Bishop of Caledonia, to whose diocese he is now going, to labour in the North Pacific Mission.

On the Day of Intercession for Foreign Missions, Tuesday, May 16th, there was an Intercession and Communion Service at St. Dunstan's, Fleet Street, which was attended by the C.M.S. Committee and their friends. The Rev. H. W. Webb-Peploe preached on the 72nd Psalm.

On the afternoon of the same day there was a Valedictory Dismissal of the following missionaries at St. James's Lecture Hall, Paddington :-The Rev. T. Phillips, proceeding to the Niger as English Secretary of the Mission; Mr. H. W. Lane, to East Africa, as Lay Superintendent of Frere Town; the Revs. J. Hannington, R. P. Ashe, W. J. Edmonds, J. Blackburn, E. C. Gordon, and Mr. C. Wise, to the Victoria Nyanza Mission; the Rev. H. Nevitt and Mr. J. Lofthouse, to Hudson's Bay; and the Rev. T. Dunn, to the North Pacific Mission. Gen. Sir W. Hill, K.C.S I., presided. The instructions of the Committee were delivered by the Rev. C. C. Fenn; the intercessory prayers were offered by the Revs. W. Abbott and D. Wilson; and the special address was given by the Bishop of Moosonee. The whole proceedings were of a deeply interesting character. The hall was densely crowded, many persons standing the whole time.

The six men for the Nyanza Mission, and Mr. and Mrs. Lane, sailed the next day for Zanzibar in the s.s. Quetta, accompanied by Miss Amy Havergal, who goes out to be married to the Rev. A. D. Shaw. The same steamer takes a large party of missionaries for the London Missionary Society's Missions on Lake Tanganyika; and the two parties together form a considerable majority of the passengers.

The University of Dublin has conferred the degree of D.D., honoris causá, upon the Rev. Robert Bruce, C.M.S. Missionary in Persia.

On Ascension Day, Bishop Horden preached for the Moosonee Diocesan Fund at St. Margaret's, Westminster. Among the congregation was the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, who afterwards wrote a kind letter to the Bishop, sending a copy of his work, Gleanings of Past Years.

A disastrous fire broke out in Ibadan, in the Yoruba country, on March 31st, and consumed a great number of houses. Very many friends will hear with great regret that the C.M.S. Mission-house, formerly the dwelling of the Rev. D. and Mrs. Hinderer, was burnt to the ground. The Rev. Daniel Olubi, who occupied it, lost everything-personal effects, books, and papers, and the church registers.

The Rev. E. Champion, of the North India Mission, has gone to reside in Tasmania, after a missionary career of twenty-three years. During most of the time he was at Jubbulpore, and latterly he had devoted himself to the work of preaching the Gospel to the aboriginal Gônds.

On June 6th, the C.M.S. Committee received Bishop Steere, of the Universities' Mission, Zanzibar, who has shown very great kindness to the Society's missionaries in East and Central Africa when sojourning at that port. He gave an interesting account of the work of his own Mission, both at Zanzibar, in Usambara, in the Rovuma country, and on Lake Nyassa.

The Rev. A. and Mrs Menzies have arrived in England. After the very dangerous illness from which he suffered, as related in the June GLEANER, it was necessary that he should come away from East Africa as soon as possible. On Feb. 3rd, the Bishop of Auckland, N.Z, presided at the annual meeting of the Native Church Board for the Archdeaconry of Waimate, all the members of which are connected with the C.M.S. During the next few days he confirmed more than 160 Maories, at four centres: 48 of whom had ridden 70 miles from Parengarenga on purpose,

The Punjab Native Church Council, at their annual meeting last Christmas, made a noteworthy forward move. They have undertaken the entire charge of the village missions in the rural districts surrounding Amritsar, and have appointed the Rev. Mian Sadiq Masih as their own missionary, to reside at Jhandiala, the same village where Miss Clay, the devoted honorary lady missionary, has her head quarters.



AUGUST, 1882.

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EADER, men and women, "full of the Holy Ghost and of power," are needed as messengers of the Churches. Where are they? 66 'Seek and ye shall find."

Our Lord's words in Matt. xxviii. 19, or Acts i. 9, can have no real fulfilment unless the succession of missionaries is maintained. The words "ye" and "you" clearly



One of these was indicated by the Holy Ghost and numbered with the eleven. The seven deacons were men carefully selected men full of the Holy Ghost and power." Barnabas went to seek Saul of Tarsus. The Church of Jerusalem selected and sent "men of note" to Antioch. Paul "found" Timothy, and would have him go to the work. Aquila and Priscilla, with great zeal for Christ, laid hold of Apollos as one mighty in the Scriptures, and carefully instructed him to the more perfect knowledge of the Gospel. It was an Apostolic habit to look for missionaries. Such a habit in our Churches would produce shall guide His praying people. valuable results. "Seek and ye shall find"; for the Holy Spirit


point to a connection between the living disciples and the future THE SEVENTY-TWO THOUSAND POUNDS FOR missionaries. Since "ye" cannot by reason of death "go into all the world," ye must find those that shall carry on the work. Thus the "gates of death" (Matt. xvi. 18) shall not prevail against the Church. There is implied in the last command of Christ an obligation upon the Church to furnish missionaries from time to time.

Again, the Saviour said, "The harvest is plenteous, the labourers few, pray ye therefore." But prayer, "the prayer of faith," implies corresponding effort. "Give us this day our daily bread," is the cry of God's children. "He that will not work, neither shall he eat," is the sentence of a prayer-hearing God. Idle prayer for missionaries will bring no blessing; either the men will be few, or not of the power and spirit to grapple with the greatness of the work. "Look ye out from among yourselves men of good report," is the way in which the Holy Ghost replies to our prayer.

What an interesting scene opens to our view in Acts xiii.! The Christians at Antioch pitied the heathen in their streets. They observed that many of the frequenters of that great centre of trade came from Asia Minor. They united in prayer and fasting. Looking to God and learning lessons of self-denial, they considered how they could best meet the demands of the perishing heathen. As they "ministered" in devout supplication and willingness to follow the Lord's guiding, they discovered, perhaps to their surprise and regret, indications which led them to a final choice of the men who should go. We are not told in the brief record what preceded this result, but the analogy of our own experience leads us to conclude that many young and ardent men would offer themselves, or the mind of the Church would direct itself to others. But they waited till the Holy Spirit guided them to suitable agents.

Barnabas and Saul were among the best men in Antioch for pastoral work, and for edifying the Church. They had been raised up by the special providence of God, but "the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them." How did the Holy Ghost make this known to the praying Church? How did God teach this early Antioch Church to fast from their own privileges and to send to the mission field such holy and able men? Surely by outward circumstances which made evident to a Church burning with zeal for the perishing heathen that they must "separate," by an act of their own, these great men for the work to which the Holy Ghost had called them. "Separate" is a word pregnant with meaning. It must imply the removal of all hindrances and the overcoming of reluctance if any remained. It clearly points to definite action on the part of the Church.

So we find in all the chapters of the Acts. Two men possessed of well-considered qualifications were selected, after the Ascension of our Lord, by the whole body of disciples.

UR readers will like to hear a little more of Mr. W. C. Jones's noble gift to the cause of Christ, which we briefly mentioned last month. The Fund consists of £72,192 18s. 8d. Three per Cents; and the objects for which it is given are four: (1) The establishment of colleges for training pastors, evangelists, medical missionaries, &c. (Natives); (2) The support of Native agents employed by the Society; (3) The development of Native Churches, by helping them to provide their own pastors, churches, schools, &c.; (4) The promotion of evangelistic work on the part of the Native Churches themselves.

The Church Missionary Society has now received funds amounting to about £130,000 from this one generous donor within nine years. Our friends will all unite in thanking God for putting it into His servant's heart thus to dedicate his substance to the cause of Foreign Missions. We especially rejoice that China and Japan should now share in Mr. Jones's liberality, which has hitherto mainly benefited India, and in a smaller degree, Africa and Palestine.

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But it is of great importance that our friends should understand what the new Fund will do, and what it will not do. Already a strangely mistaken notion has found utterance. "Why," it has been said, " you have already got almost the Half as much again!"" Now, first of all, the £72,000 is not income, but capital, of the greater part of which only the interest will be available year by year. And then Mr. Jones's distinct and avowed purpose is, not to save the Society one penny of its expenditure, but rather to make a larger expenditure on its part possible and necessary. The money is to be wholly spent upon Native agents, Native churches, &c., and the additional missionaries required for their training and superintendence and development must be provided by the C.M.S.

The promotion of the four objects above named will undoubtedly involve, in time, a considerable extension of the Society's own work in China and Japan. In fact, the gift cannot be fully utilised without such extension. Let us rejoice in such a prospect; but let us take this one lesson to heart, that the "Half as much again" will be more urgently needed than ever.

And surely such an example of large-hearted liberality ought to stimulate us all to do more than we are now doing. Very few of us can give seventy thousand pounds! But a great many who now give one pound could give seven pounds, and a great many who put a shilling into the plate at a collection could put in seven shillings. That would be much more worthy of the great cause, and much more worthy of the love we profess to the Great Master who loved us and died for us, than even "Half as much again."


ON THE ROAD TO GIRIAMA: DIGGING FOR WATER. (From a Photograph by the Rev. W. S. Price.)

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RERE TOWN, Monday, February 20th.-Special prayer meeting this morning to ask of God to bless and prosper our journey to Giriama. The room was well filled. There was one prayer in English and another in Kisuaheli. Then came the mustering and sending off our porters with their loads a good two hours' work. We started in the Alice at 1 P.M., reaching the landing at Makerungi at 5. The donkeys were there, but we chose to walk. It is only a distance of about seven miles to Ribe, but that in Africa to a man just recovering from fever, and quite out of training, is no joke.

Incidents of the Journey.

Wednesday, February 22nd.-Reached our camping ground, near the village of Makulungu, a little before 6. Up go our tents, and out come the natives, headed by their chief, to admire and wonder at everything they see. The rapidity with which our houses (tents) were raised,

and everything put shipshape, drew forth exclamations of surprise; but the great sight was Shaw changing his damp clothes. Those of them who were fortunate enough to see him stripped had something to talk about for a long time to come.

We saw several companies of men to-day on their way from Giriama to Rabbai for tembo. They carry calabashes full of Indian corn, which they exchange for an equal measure of the intoxicating liquor of which they are so fond, and which is the curse of the country. The traffic at this season is always going on, and a large proportion of the male population have little else to do. They think nothing of going forty or fifty miles for a few gallons of this poisonous stuff. This love of drink, or rather the drunken habits of the people, can scarcely fail to be a formidable obstacle to the spread of the Gospel amongst them. It is the "strong man armed," but thanks be to God there is "a stronger than he," and in Him is our hope.

Have been thinking much as to the best way of bringing the Gospel fairly before these poor people. In a journey such as we are now taking, with a special object in view, little or nothing can be done. We ourselves all our movements, and all our little contrivances a folding chair-a good lantern-the striking fire from a match-all fill them with astonishment. It will take time and frequent visits before they can be brought to regard the Wazungu [foreigners] as ordinary individuals, whose only object in coming to them is to tell of God's love, and point them the way of life. And yet though they are such a simple folk they are by no means wanting in intelligence, and there is nothing to preclude the hope of their becoming new creatures in Christ Jesus" when once their hearts are opened by the Holy Spirit.


Thursday, February 23rd.-Had all packed up and made a start at 6 A.M. Two hours and a half brought us to a resting-place, just on the edge of a forest, of twelve miles in extent, which lies between us and Godoma. We brought a little water with which Pinto managed to cook our break

fast, but there was none for our poor men. We found a small pit containing a few tumblers of very muddy water, but we wanted as many gallons that each one might have a little; so out with pickaxe and spade, and to it with a will to enlarge the hole, and woo the precious fluid into it. Alas, it was labour in vain, as far as we were concerned, though we had done a good work for other poor thirsty travellers who may follow us. So our porters had to shoulder their loads again, and press on in the hope of better things further on. I took a photo. of the men at work, searching for water in the wilderness-not an uncommon incident in African travel during the dry hot season. It struck me as rather a good and suggestive illustration of Ps. lxiii. 2-" a dry and thirsty land where no water is." (See the picture opposite.)

Our way now lay through the forest, not an English forest with fine old giant oaks and elms, but a forest of rather stunted trees, many of them covered with climbing plants, and thick enough, for the most part, to shade the path from the fierce rays of the sun; whilst here and there were open glades where he took his revenge and made us pant. At length we came to two pits containing a plentiful supply of water. Very dirty and muddy it looked, but it was as nectar to our jaded, thirsty porters; and we, too, drank freely of it, asking no questions and shutting our eyes. The traveller in Africa must not be too dainty. Another hour's trudging, and we were as thirsty as before.

I was in front, when turning a corner I suddenly found myself in the midst of a group of cocoa-nut palms, loaded with clusters of young fruit. "Mdafu, mdafu!" I shouted, and in a few moments the porters had deposited their loads, and were climbing like monkeys the tall stems, and sending down a shower of nuts. Each nut is full of delicious liquid, clear as crystal, and oh, what a treat we had. We emptied about thirty or forty, when the owner of the trees coming on the scene, we made him happy with a new jembe-a common native spade or hoe. After a short rest we started for the last stage of our journey, and reached Godoma in good time to put up tents, and make all snug before sunset.


At Mwaiba; proposed new station.

Saturday, February 25th.-Started early for Mwaiba, the place which has been purchased with the view of making it a central station for the Giriama country. It lies about seven miles in a south-easterly direction from Godoma. A pleasant ride through forest and plain, over a succession of hills and valleys, brought us to the village, very prettily situated on the crest of the elevated spot which goes by the name of Mwaiba. We passed through several good large villages on our way, and created a great sensation wherever we came. Men left their tembo, and women their waterpots and mills, and followed by troops of children came running out of their villages to see the strange "Wazungu" pass. Having got one sight of us, they took short cuts across the fields to be in time for another, and thus they followed us for a mile or two on the road, There was no rudeness or incivility, but simply irresistible curiosity. Only few


(Photographed by the Rev. W. S. Price.)

GALLA WOMEN, EAST AFRICA. (Photographed by the Rev. W. S. Price.)

white men have passed this way, and many of them had not had a chance of seeing one before. Nothing seemed to astonish them more than my taking off my helmet. It seemed to them as if I had removed the top of my head.

We got to Mwaiba for breakfast, and spent the day there, putting up under the shade of a lemon tree. The place is about 600 feet above the sea, has a supply of good water not far distant, occupies a commanding view of the surrounding country, has a number of villages within easy distance, and altogether seems to be a most eligible spot for a centre of evangelistic work amongst the Giriama people. I feel that no time should be lost in occupying this important post. What a splendid sphere for a young missionary whose heart is in his work!

From Godoma to Fulladoyo.

Sunday, February 26th.-Spent the day at Godoma. The Christians, who are scattered about in villages five or six miles distant, came in with wives and children for the day to attend the services, which, in the absence of a catechist, are regularly kept up by Petros. We had service at 11 A.M. The place was well filled, and a good many Wanika gathered round the doors and windows. I endeavoured to set before them "the Son of man lifted up." May God the Holy Spirit make it a word in season.

As we are a large party we are sorely off for water, and our men have already drained out most of the few pits on which the people depend for their supply; so as a matter of necessity, and not to cause a dearth in the land, we struck our tents and packed up our things after sunset, and started on a night march to Fulladoyo, a distance of about twenty miles. This was all the more expedient as we were warned that there was no water on the way, and in the daytime our men would have been greatly distressed. We had a good moon, but at times the forest was so thick, and the way so dark, that progress was difficult, and we got not a few scratches and rents from the prickly cactus which here abounds. On, on we went for about twelve miles, when we came

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