« السابقةمتابعة »
and it is considered a mark of politeness and hospitality. Nor are the females exempt from the debasing and pernicious habit, although it is less common amongst them. In point of fact, opium-smoking is "a fearful, desolating pestilence, pervading all classes of people, wasting their property, enfeebling their mental faculties, ruining their bodies, and shortening their lives."
Nor is the habit confined to the heathen of the community. Again and again are the hearts of the missionaries saddened by their being compelled to suspend those of their flock who have given way under the temptation to indulge. And in the annual letters received from China this very year allusion is made to the falls and failures of Native agents whose powers of resistance have been unequal to the allurements of the drug. Any case of the kind is a pathetic one, and calls for the prayers of God's people that those who have once abandoned the habit may be kept steadfast.
To put a case which has actually occurred. An opium-smoker hears the Gospel and believes. Conscious that he "cannot serve God and opium," he throws away his pipe, and is baptized. He is brought to the training college, and afterwards sent forth as an evangelist to his countrymen. The opium cravings come on again, but he resolutely and prayerfully resists them. last in a moment of weakness, he yields. It is the first step in a rapid downward course, which ends in expulsion from the Mission ranks.
On the other hand it is good to read accounts of the conversion of opium-smokers. Such a case is related by the Rev. Ll. Lloyd of Fuh-chow:
I may relate the history of one of the men baptized here in October. It seems that towards the end of 1880, a man in a deplorable state of poverty, and clothed in a filthy sackcloth garment, came into our chapel and was remonstrated with by the catechist, to whom he was known as an opiumsmoker and idle, dissolute fellow, who had been cast out of his father's house in consequence of his evil doings. Much to the catechist's surprise, instead of speaking rudely on being reproved, he exclaimed, "Sing sang, I really do want to live a better life; will you teach me your doctrine, that I may be enabled to do so?" The catechist seems to have been convinced that he was in earnest, and promised to let him have a room in the house he occupied if his father was willing to clothe and support him, pointing out to him that God alone could give him strength to overcome his sins, and that he must pray to Him for help. The catechist then consulted one or two of the leading Christians on the subject, and they agreed to go with him to the young man's father, who is a respectable, well-to-do farmer. This they did, and made themselves answerable for his son's good behaviour. On these conditions the father advanced money and provided clothing for his son, and from that time till the present he has lived a changed life, and, best of all, has, we have every reason to believe, laid hold of the great truths of redemption and renovation by the death of Christ. He answered the questions I put to him before baptizing him very clearly, and we trust he may be a means of blessing to his, as yet, heathen family. Quite a crowd was present at the baptismal service, and before the service one of the members of the Chung family gave a very good address from the latter part of the first chapter of Romans, a pas-age frequently chosen when speaking to the heathen, and containing allusions to sins with which, alas! they are only too familiar.
In conclusion, it nced only be added that the missionaries of the various societies labouring in China are doing their utmost to alleviate the suffering which comes under their notice every day. The Church Missionary Society, for instance, has an opium refuge at Hang-Chow and a dispensary at Fuh-Chow, where clever medical men are devoting their best energies not only to restore to health the victims of the vice who apply to them, but also to warn others against the temptation.
MR. DARWIN ON MISSIONS.
Min his "Journal of R-searches," describes some of the C.M.S.
Mission stations at which he sojourned when in New Zealand.
He says:At length we reached Waimate. After having passed over so many miles of an uninhabited useless country, the sudden appearance of an English farmhouse and its well-dressed fields, placed there as if by an enchanter's wand, was exceedingly pleasant. Mr. Williams not being at home, I received in Mr. Davies' house a cordial welcome. We took a stroll about the farm; but I cannot attempt to describe all I saw. There were large gardens, with every fruit and vegetable which England produces, and many belonging to a warmer clime. Around the farmyard there were stables, a thrashing barn, with its winnowing machine, a blacksmith's forge, and on the ground ploughshares and other tools; in the middle was that happy mixture of pigs and poultry, lying comfortably together as in every English farmyard; and at a little distance a large and substantial water-mill. All this is very surprising when it is considerered that five years ago nothing but the fern flourished here. Moreover, native workmanship, taught by the missionaries, has effected this change. The lesson of the missimary is the enchanter's wand. The house had been built, the windows framed, the fields ploughed, and even the trees grafted by the New Zealander. When I looked at the whole scene I thought it admirable. Several young men, redeemed by the missionaries from slavery, were employed on the farm; they had a respectable appearance. Late in the evening I went to Mr. Williams' house, where I passed the night. I found there a large party of children, collected together for Christmas Day, and all sitting round a table at tea. I never saw a nicer or more merry group; and to think that this was the centre of the land of cannibalism, murder, and all atrocious crimes! I took leare of the missionaries with thankfulness for their kind welcome, and with feelings of high respect for their gentlemanlike, useful, and upright characters. I think it would be difficult to find a body of men, better adapted for the high office which they fulfil
Mr. B. mentioned one pleasing anecdote as a proof of the sincerity of some, at least, of those who profess Christianity. One of his young men left him who had been accustomed to read prayers to the rest of the servants. Some weeks
afterwards, happening to pass late in the evening by an outhouse, he saw and heard one of his men reading the Bible with difficulty by the light of the fire to the others. After this the party knelt and prayed; in their prayers they mentioned Mr. B. and his family, and the missionaries.
New Zealand is not a pleasant place. The greater part of the English (ie., the colonists in those early days] are the very refuse of society, neither is the country itself attractive. I look back but to one bright spot, and that is Waimate, with its (Native) Christian inhabitants.
THE STORY OF THE LIFE OF DR. KRAPF,
IV. ON THE EAST COAST OF AFRICA.
our destined course, and we advanced but little, never losing sight of the moun'ains of Aden. But the 14th was a day of great distress, but also, thank God, a day of Divine deliverance to us, which we should keep in remembrance as long as we live in this woful world. The wind had been adverse all the preceding night. The moon arose at midnight; but no abatement of the wind attended her apperance. At the break of day, for which we ardently waited, the gale blew with fury. A formidable wave struck our bark, which forthwith sprang a leak. The only way of saving the boat and ourselves was now speedily to turn the vessel t›ward Aden. After the he'm had been put about, the whole crew engaged in baling the water which forced its way through the leak. We were about sixty miles from Aden when the bark sprang the leak. My dear wife and myself repaired to our cabin, to unite ourselves in prayer. We recommended our bodies and sou's, our dear friends at home, the whole Mission cause, and especially our Galla Mission, to the gracious protection of the Lord. Having committed ourselves to the care of our invisible Friend and Saviour, we took our Bible, and a few other things, and made them up into a small packet, that we might save our greatest treasures in case we should be obliged to lower the li tle boat.
At five o'clock we could see Aden distinctly. But the wind, which had abated in the afternoon, died entirely away, and was soon succeeded by the land-wind, which seemed to drive us again toward the open sea. Night came on, and the land-wind prevented our muskets from being heard on shore. However, in the very nick of time a boat came close up to us. Soon after we had left our leaky vessel she overturned, the
mast lying in the water and the whole bark floating on the sea like a piece of wood.
I could not but see that the disaster of the first voyage was under Providence made serviceable to me; for had I made the voyage with the Arab captain of this first ship, he would have sailed direct from Arabia to Zanzibar, after the manner of his countrymen, without running into any port, and I should have lost the opportunity of personally exploring the places on the coast.
On the 28th of December we landed at Takaungu, as our captain had to return home with the ship in which we had come, and we were to proceed in a smaller one to Zanzibar. Accordingly we remained at Takaungu until the 3rd of January, 1841. The inhabitants were most hospitable to my wife and myself, giving us the only stone house in the village to lodge in. Here I met with the first mention of the country Jagga in the interior, to the south-west of Mombaz, as well as of the country of Usambara, and the inner African tribes of Uniamesi, in whose territory there is a great lake.*
On the 3rd of January, 1844, I left the hospitable village of Takaungu in a small boat, called a "daw" [dhow] by the Suahilis, which is the smallest sea-going vessel. In it you are but a few feet above the water; but have the advantage of being able to sail over rocks and sand-banks, and always close to the shore.
From Takaungu we reached the is'e of Mombaz,† which has a harbour capable of containing ships of a tolerably large size. This island is several leagues in circumference, but is only very partially cultivated; yet mangoes and cocoa-nuts, oranges and limes, and in parts, the cinnamontree, are indigenous, whilst wild swine, introduced by the Portuguese, abound. The people here were well acquainted with the English.
At two in the afternoon of the 7th of January we dropped anchor in the safe and spacious harbour of the capital of the island of Zanzibar, where we were to repose for a time, after our long and fatiguing voyage, while I deliberated on my further plans and consulted my friends respecting them. We were hospitably received by Major Hamerton, the English consul, and until we could erect a dwelling we lived in the house of Mr. Waters, the American consul, who was a zealous friend to the Mission. He wished me to remain in Zanzibar, preaching on Sundays to its few Europeans; working amongst the Banians from India, of whom there are seven hundred in Zanzibar; founding schools for the instruction of the native Suahilis and Arabs; and preparing books in the languages of the mainland for future missionaries; but I could not abandon my original design of founding a Mission in the Galla land, which, so far as I know at present, extends to the fourth degree of south latitude.
On the second day after my arrival in Zanzibar I was presented by the English consul to the Sultan Said-Said, commonly called by Europeans by his other title, the Imam of Muscat. His palace lies outside the city. When the consul appeared with me at the entrance of the palace, the Sultan, accompanied by one of his sons and several grandees, came forth to meet us, displaying a condescension and courtesy which I had not before met with at the hands of any oriental ruler. He conducted us into the audience-chamber, which is pretty large and paved with marble slabs; American chairs lined the walls, and a stately chandelier hung in the middle of the room. The Sultan bade us be seated, and I described to This was the first allusion by any traveller to the great lake now known as the Victoria Nyanza.
Mombasa (the Portuguese form; Krapf calls it Mombaz) was, in the 17th century, one of the chain of settlements linking Africa, Arabia, Persia, and India, which were established by the Portuguese traders. The fortress bears an inscription, put up by Xeixas de Cabreira, the governor, in 1639, giving 1635 as the date of its erection. In the middle of the 18th century many of these settlements came under the dominion of the Arabs of Oman. The chief Arab ruler was known to Europeans as the Imam of Muscat, and one of these Imams, Said-Said, who reigned fifty-two years (1801-1856), established his power over large portions of the East African coast and of the shores of the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea. Mombasa, to prevent its falling into his hands, was in 1823 offered by its inhabitants to England. A surveying squadron under Captain Owen was then on the coast, and to him the application was made. He eagerly accepted the offer, and a convention was signed accordingly; but in 1826, on Said-Said putting in his claim, the Government at home di avowed the annexation and withdrew the agents in charge, and the place then fell into the Imam's hands. At his death, his dominions were divided between his three sons, one of whom took Zanzibar and its dependencies. This son was succeeded by another son of Said-Said, the present Sultan. When Krapf arrived on the coast, Said-Said was at the height of his power, and had lately transferred his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar.
him in Arabic, his native language, my Abyssinian adventures, and plans for converting the Gallas. He listened with attention and promised every assistance, at the same time pointing out the dangers to which I might be exposed. Although advanced in years he looked very well, and was most friendly and communicative. Sultan Said-Said ascended the throne in 1807, and lived at Muscat up to the year 1810, when he removed the seat of government to Zanzibar, chiefly on account of its trade.
I remained in Zanzibar from the 7th of January to the beginning of March, 1844, hearing, seeing, and learning much. On Sundays I preached to the English and American residents, and during the whole period of my stay cultivated the acquaintance of Arabs, Banians, and Suahilis, gathering from them information respecting the coast and the interior. At the period named I resolved to leave my dear wife at Zanzibar, and to proceed to the island of Lamu, and thence to penetrate among the Gallas and found a missionary station. I took with me a letter of recommendation from Sultan Said-Said addressed to the governors of the coast, and couched in the following terms: "This comes from Said-Said, Sultan; greeting all our subjects, friends, and governors. This letter is written in behalf of Dr. Krapf, a German, a good man who wishes to convert the world to God. Belave well to him, and be every where serviceable to him."
On the 13th of March I arrived at Mombaz, where I was hospitably received by the governor of the city, Ali Ben Nasser, who had been twice in London as representative of the Sultan of Zanzibar, on a political mission to the English Government. In the streets of Mombaz I saw some heathen Wanika, who had come from the neighbouring mountains. The inhabitants of Mombaz, too, visited me in great numbers and were very friendly. Then, all at once, the thought came upon me that for many reasons Mombaz would be best suited for the establishment of a missionary station. I was strengthened in my growing conviction by the friendliness of the people and officials of Mombaz towards Europeans, especially the English; by the proximity of this place to the neighbouring pagan tribes, a proximity so close that a missionary can visit their villages during the day and return to Mombaz at night; and by its healthiness and the conveniences which it offered in the way of living and residence. I resolved, therefore, to return to Zanzibar for my dear wife, and then to take up my abode in Mombaz, studying the Suahili language, making excursions among the pagan Wanika, and becoming acquainted with the condition of the interior, where I intended to preach the Gospel as soon as I was master of the language.
After I had engaged a teacher of the Suahili and Kinika languages I quitted Mombaz on the 18th of March, some of my fellow-passengers being natives of Arabia and India, and among them a Hindu of the Rajpoot caste, who had attended a missionary school at Bombay. The acquaintance of this person convinced me that a great influence is exerted on the characters of heathens by attendance at our schools, even although it may last but a short time and they do not at once become Christian. When I spoke to him about the idol-worship of the Indians he said: "There is only one Creator of heaven and earth, who is everywhere present, and sees and knows everything, even the thoughts of the human heart."
I reached Zanzibar on the 24th of March, and returned to Mombaz with my wife at the beginning of May, where I had to put up with several personal annoyances more or less trying. My greatest difficulty, however, lay in my want of a knowledge of the Suahili language, and in the absence of any help in the study, neither a grammar nor a dictionary of it having yet been compiled by any European. With the aid of Arabic, I surmounted this hindrance by degrees; but found in it, however, peculiarities which at first gave me immense trouble, but which also were converted into a source of delight, when I was at length able to cry "Eureka!"
On the 8th of June, 1844, I began the translation of the First Book of Moses with the aid of Sheikh Ai Ben, Mueddin of Barava, who was the Kadi (Judge) of Mombaz. I always considered this day as one of the most important of my life; but scarcely had I commenced this important work, and began to congratulate myself on the progress of my missionary labours, when myself and family were subjected to a very severe trial. On the 1st of July I was attacked by the fever; on the 4th I was somewhat better again, but the next day my wife
verely; and on the 9th of July after midnight she became delirious, and when she recovered her senses was fully convinced that she would soon be removed from my side. So strong was this conviction that she took farewell of me and the servants in touching accents, especially recommending them (they were Mohammedans) to place their trust in Christ, not in Mohammed, as neither in life nor death could he bestow help,whereas Christ, the Son of God, gave her now indescribable peace. One of her last and most pressing requests was that I should not praise her in my report, but merely say to her friends at home that the Saviour had been merciful to her
as to a poor sinner. In
these trying moments I lay on my couch beside her death-bed, so prostrated by fever that only with the greatest effort
I could I rise up to convince myself that she was
really dead. Lying in agony I could not rightly, at the moment, estimate the extent of this great
She was buried opposite to Mombaz on the mainland, in the presence of the Governor,
the Kadi, and some Suahilis, by the way-side leading into the Wanika territory. Afterwards Mr. Waters and his friends in Bombay erected a stone monument over the grave, so that it might always remind the wandering Suahilis and Wanika that here rested a Christian woman who had left father, mother, and home, to labour for the salvation of Africa. It was only with great exertion that I managed to be present at the funeral, and had scarcely returned home when symptoms of the malady were shown
by the dear child born but a few days before. They became fatal on
the 15th, and I was obliged by the climate
victim of the king of terrors to the grave of
my beloved wife as soon as possible.*
After several weeks my health was restored and I betook myself with fresh zeal to the study of Suahili, and planned frequent excursions to the Wanika-land. In those
days in my zeal for the conversion of Africa I used to calculate how many missionaries and how much money would
be required to connect Eastern and Western Africa by a chain of missionary stations. I had already, too, begun to think that England might profitably establish on the east coast a colony for liberated slaves like Sierra Leone on the western coast, and that they might be employed. as aids in the conversion of the Inner-African
races. For such a colony, Malindi, or Mombaz and its environs, would be the best site. If attention were
given to the formation of a chain of such Missions through Africa, the fall of slavery and of the slave-trade with America and Arabia would be quickly and thoroughly effected. Christianity and civili
sation ever go hand in hand; brother will not sell brother; and when the colour of a man's skin no longer excludes him from the office of an evangelist, the traffic in slaves will have had its knell. A black bishop and black clergy of the Protestant Church may, ere long, become a necessity in the civilisation of Africa.t
*A picture of the grave, from a sketch by Lieut. Gordon, R.N., appeared in the CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER of August, 1879. It is close to the present C.M.S. settlement of Frere Town.
There was small prospect of any of these then;
yet Krapf lived to see the Central African expeditions of our own day, and Frere Town, and the Bishopric of the Niger.
14 W 15 T 16 F 17 S
[and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, Mat. 28. 19. 4 S Trinity Sun. 1st bapt. at Tokio, 1876. In the name of the Father, M. Is. 6. 1-11. Re. 1.1-9. E. Ge. 18, or 1. & 2. to 4. Eph. 4. 1-17, or Mat. 3. 5 M 1st C.M.S. Miss. landed Calcutta, 1816. To take out a people 6 T Hallowed be Thy name, Mat. 6.9. [for His name, Acts 15. 14. 7 W Gen. Lake d., 1877. Gen. Hutchinson Lay Sec., 1881. Do all in [the name of the Lord Jesus, Col. 3. 17. 8TH. Venn' str. entered Niger, 1878. Up and down in His name, 9 F None other name under heaven, Acts 4. 12. [Zec. 10. 12. 10 S Whereby we must be saved, Acts 4. 12. [vessel to bear My name, Acts 9. 15. 11 S 1st aft. Trin. St. Barnabas. S. Crowther ord., 1843. A cho-en M. Jos. 3. 7 to 4. 15, or De. 33. 1-12. Ac. 4.31. E. Jos, 5. 13 to 6. 21, or 24, [or Na. 1. Ac. 14. 8. 12 M In His name shall the Gentile trust, Mat. 12. 21. 13 T Duncan's 1st Serm. in Tsimshean, 1858. Preached boldly in the [name of Jesus, Acts 9. 27. Persia Mission adopted, 1875. In the name of our God we will A strong tower, Prov. 18. 10. [set up our banners, Ps. 20. 5. Holy and reverend, Ps.111.9. [child in My name rec. Me, Mat.18.5. Adjai brought to S. Leone '22. Whoso shall receive one such little [His name shall dwell therein, Ps. 69. 36. 18 S 2nd aft. Trin. Adm. Prevost at Metlakahtla, 1878. They that love M. Judg. 4. Ac. 2. 22. E. Judg. 5, or 6. 11. 1 Pet. 3. 8 to 4. 7. 19 M If ye shall a-k anything in My name I will do it, John 14. 14. 20 T Queen's Accn. The name of the God of Jacob defend thee, Ps. 20.1. 21 W Not unto us, but unto Thy name give glory, Ps. 115. 1. 22 T They that know Thy name will put their trust in Thee, Ps. 9. 10. 23 F Let them also that love Thy name be joyful, Ps. 5. 11. 24 S St. John Bapt. Counted worthy to suffer for His name, Ac. 5. 41. [there am I in the midst of them, Mat. 18. 20. 25 S 3rd aft. Trin. Where two or three are gathered in My name, M. 1 Sa. 2. 1 27. Ac. 7.1-35. E. 1 Sa. S. or 4. 1-19. 1 Jo. 1. 26 M Call upon His name, Ps. 105. 1. [known My name, P. 91. 14. 27 T Ld. Lawrence d., 1879. I will set him on high, because he hath 28 W J. W. Knott d., 1870. Hazarded their lives for His name, Ac. 15.26. 29 T St. Peter. Bp. Crowther consec., 1861. I will write upon him My [new name, Rev. 3. 12. 80 F Blessed be His glorious name for ever, Ps. 72. 19.
EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS.
The Rev. T. W. Drury, M.A., of Christ's College, Cambridge, Rector of Holy Trinity, Chesterfield, has been appointed Principal of the Church Missionary College at Islington, in succession to the Rev. W. H. Barlow. Mr. Drury was 25th Wrangler, 3rd Class Classical Tripos, 1st Class Theological Tripos, and Scholefield and Evans University Prizeman.
The C.M.S. Committee have appointed Admiral Prevost a Vice-President of the Society. They have also appointed the following to be Honorary Life Governers, who have rendered very essential services to the Society :-The Ven. Archdeacon Cooper, of Kendal; the Ven. Archdeacon John W. Bardsley, of Liverpool; the Rev. Canon Crosthwaite, Vicar of Knaresborough; the Rev. G. C. Hodgson, Vicar of Corbridge; the Rev. Prebendary Jarratt, Vicar of North Cave; the Rev. Prebendary Charles Marshall, Rector of St. Bride's, London; the Rev. C. Matheson, Master of the Clergy Orphan School, Canterbury; General F. Haig, R.E., who has taken an active personal part in the Society's work in India; James Hough, Esq., of Cambridge; Wm. Charles Jones, Esq., of Warrington; Charles Playne, Esq., of Stroud.
On May 1st, an ordination was held at St. James's, Clapham (of which the Rev. W. H. Barlow is the new Vicar), by Bishop Perry, under a commission from the Bishop of London, and with the concurrence of the Bishop of Rochester. Eleven C.M.S. missionaries were admitted to deacon's orders, viz., Mr. Thomas Phillips. B.A., of Trinity College, Dublin, who had resided two terms at Islington College; and ten other Islington students, Messrs. R. R. Bell, J. Blackburn, T. Dunn (late a lay missionary in Ceylon), W. J. Edmonds, A. R. Fuller, C. Harrison, L. G. P. Liesching, E. C. Gordon, A. J. Santer, and C. Shaw. The sermon was preached by Canon Hoare, and the candidates were presented by Mr. Barlow.
The ten Islington men above named all competed in the Oxford and Cambridge Preliminary Theological Examination, and all passed, viz., Messrs. Edmonds and Santer in the 1st class; Messrs Bell, Dunn, Harrison. Liesching, Gordon, Shaw, in the 2nd; and Messrs. Blackburn and Fuller in the 3rd.
The locations of five of the eleven men ordained were mentioned in our last. The remainder are appointed as follows:-Mr. Shaw to the Yoruba Mission; Mr. Bell and Mr. Santer to Bengal; Mr. Harrison to the Gônd Mission, Central India; Mr. Liesching to Ceylon; Mr. Fuller to Mid-China.
The following appointments have also been made :- Mr. A. J. Shields, B.A., of Jesus College, Cambridge, to the Sanal Mission; the Rev. A. J. A. Golmer, an Islington man of 1880, to the Koi Mission on the Godavery; the Rev. J. Field, who was a lay missionary at Lagos, and was also ordained in 1880, to Ceylon; Mr. E. Elliott. B.A., of St. Catherine's College, Cambridge, to Fuhchow; and Mr. J. A. Wray as a lay missionary to East Africa,
Mr. John O. Horden, M.B., of Edinburgh University, a son of the Bishop of Moosonee, has offered himself to the Society as a Medical Missionary, and has been appointed to the North Pacific Mission.
The following missionaries have lately returned home:-Mr. D. W. Burton, from Sierra Leone; the Revs. F. T. Cole and J. Tunbridge, from the Santal Mission; the Revs. W. Keene and F. A. P. Shireff, from the Punjab; the Revs. R. T. Dowbiggin, J. T. Simmonds, and D. Wood, from Ceylon; the Rev. J. C. Hoare, from Mid-China; Mr. J. Batchelor, from Japan; the Rev. T. S. Grace, from New Zealand.
We ought before to have mentioned the appointment, by the Marquis of Ripon, Viceroy of India, of the Rev. W. R. Blackett, M.A., Principal of the C.M.S. Divinity School at Calcutta, to a seat on the important Commission on Education in India, as a representative of the Church of England.
On March 19th, Bishop Royston, of Mauritius, ordained a Tamil catechist named John Ernest, who was trained in Archdeacon Hobb's school at Crève Coeur, Mauritius, and afterwards in the Rev. T. Kember's Training Institution in Tinnevelly.
The Archbishop of Canterbury bas conferred the Lambeth degree of B.D. on the Ven. Archdeacon E. B. Clarke, of Waimate, New Zealand, who has been a C.M.S. missionary for twenty-two years.
Mrs. Landall, of the China Inland Mission, whose recent death has caused wide-spread regret among the friends of Missions in China, was a step-daughter of the veteran C.M S. Mis-ionary of Ningpo, the Rev. F. F. Gough, and had worked with him devotedly for the good of the Chinese women for thirteen years prior to her marriage-in fact from her childhood, for she died at the age of twenty-seven.
Letters are to hand from Uganda, dated Christmas Day last. Mr. O'Flaherty and Mr. Mackay were well, and the work was going on prosperously. Mc. Copplestone also writes from Uyui on March 4, and Dr. Baxter and Mr. Cole from Mpwapwa on March 23; a'l well.
A favourable review of the book lately published by the Rev. C. T. Wilson and Mr. Felkin, Uganda and the Egyptian Soudan, having appeared in the Times, the Rev. J. Hannington, the leader of the new missionary party going to Central Africa, wrote to that paper to appeal for help in purchasing a boat to put on the Victoria Nyanza; and several contributions were sent in.
The Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society for May contain an interesting account of the march of the Belgian Elephant Expedition from the east coast of Africa to Mpwapwa in 1879. The writer warmly acknowle ges the "exceeding kindness and attention of Mr. J. T. Last of the Church Missionary Society."
The S.P.C.K. has granted £500 towards the fund now being raised by Bishop Horden for the maintenence of missionary clergy in the Diocese of Moosonee; and also £360 towards his church building fund.
Mr. Rivers Thompson, the new Lieut. Governor of Bengal, is a member of the C.M.S. Calcutta Corresponding Committee. The late and present Lient.Governors of the Punjab, Sir R. Egerton and Sir C. Aitchison, are also hearty supporters of Missions.
The Bishop of Madras, in his recent charge, takes a very encouraging review of the progress of Missions in the diocese. Since his last visitation four years ago the number of baptized Native Christians connected with the Church of England has risen from 79,917 to 101,246, an increase of 21,329, or 27 per cent. Just one-half of this increase belongs to the C.M.S. There are. further, 38,000 catechumens. No less than 8,722 Natives had been confirmed in the four years. In the twenty years to which Bishop Gell's faithful and happy episcopate now extends, 120 Native clergymen have been ordained, 75 of them in connexion with the CMS.
The increase in the number of baptized Christians last year in the C.M.S. districts in Tinnevelly was only 23 short of 2,000. There were 936 adult baptisms, 1,919 infant baptisms, 713 burials, and 415 marriages, performed by the 57 Native (C.M.S.) clergymen in the 1,027 (C.M.S) villages in which there are Christians. In the six months following his return to active work after his severe illness, Bishop Sargent confirmed 2,565 Native candidates.
A most interesting first report of the new Bheel Mission, at Khairwarra, in Rajputana, has been received from the Rev. C. S. Thompson, the zealous missionary supported by Mr. Bickersteth's benefaction. He de-cribes the great difficulty he has experienced in getting access to the timid and suspicions highlanders, who doubted whether he had come to kill them or to levy fresh taxes; and the steps by which he has already succeeded, through patience and the exercise of his medical knowledge, in winning the confidence of many. Bishop Stuart, of Waiapu, has presented to St. John's Church, Napier, a handsome pulpit, made entirely of New Zealand woods, as a memorial to the late Bishop Williams.
We ought before to have mentioned the appointment of Mr. E. Mantle as Assistant Central Secretary, with a view to his developing Juvenile Associa tions and other branches of home work, by magic-lantern lectures, Sunday. school addresses, promoting the sale of the periodicals, &c. It will be a great assistance to him if those of our friends who possess pictures, diagrams, or lantern-slides to spare, would kindly place them at the Society's disposal.
THE CHILDREN'S HOME.
HE Rev. A. J. P. Shepherd, Director of the C.M.S. Missionaries' Children's children, both for Sunday and for week-day reading. Volumes of good magazines are especially attractive. Perhaps also some friend would pay the cost of re-binding some of the books now in use, and of binding periodicals. He also writes that two pianos would be very acceptable. Requests like these will surely meet with an immediate response. We are almost inclined to take up the old school-boy phrase, and say, "Don't all speak at once!" But we hope many will speak-or write-to Mr. Shepherd, at the Home, Highbury Grove, London, N.
THE Rev, J. F. of books and magazines for the use of the