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PANORAMA OF ZANZIBAR, LOOKING EAST.
FRENCH CONSULATE.

verely; and on the 9th of July after midnight she became delirious, and when she recovered her

was fully convinced that she would soon be removed from my side. So strong was this conviction that she took farewell of me and the servants in touching accents, especially recommending

them (they were Mohammedans) to place their trust in Christ, not in Mohammed, as neither in life nor death could he bestow help, whereas Christ, the Son of God, gave her now indescribable peace. One of her last and most pressing requests was that I should not praise her in my report, but merely say to her friends at home that the Saviour had been merciful her as to a poor sinner. In these trying moments I lay on my couch beside her death-bed, so prostrated by fever that only with the greatest effort could I rise up to convince myself that she was really dead. Lying in agony I could not rightly, at the moment, estimate the extent of this great loss. She was buried opposite to Mombaz on the mainland, in the presence of the Governor, the Kadi, and some Suahilis, by the way-side leading into the Wanika territory. Afterwards Mr. Waters and his friends in Bombay erected a stone monument over the grave, so that it might always remind the wandering Suahilis and Wanika that here rested a Christian woman who had left father, mother, and home, to labour for the salvation of Africa. It was only with great exertion that I managed to be present at the funeral, and had scarcely returned home when symptoms of the malady were shown by the dear child bom but a few days before. They became fatal on the 15th, and I was obliged by the climate

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DHOWS.

North.

South.

victim of the king of terrors to the grave of my beloved wife as soon as possible. *

After several weeks my health was restored and I betook myself with fresh zeal to the study of Suahili, and planned frequent excursions to the Wanika-land. In those days in my zeal for the conversion of Africa I used to calculate how many missionaries and how much money would be required to connect Eastern and Western Africa by a chain of missionary stations. I had already, too, begun to think that England might profitably establish on the east coast a colony for liberated slaves like Sierra Leone on the western coast, and that they might be employed as aids in the conversion of the Inner-African races. For such a colony, Malindi, or Mombaz and its environs, would be the best site. If

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ENGLISH CONSULATE.

GAOL.

GERMAX CONSULATE.

attention were given to the formation

of a chain of such MisŐsions through Africa,

the fall of slavery and of the slave-trade with America and Arabia would be quickly and thoroughly effected. Christianity and civilisation ever go hand in hand; brother will not sell brother; and when the colour of a man's skin no longer excludes him from the office of an evangelist, the traffic in slaves will have had its knell. A black bishop and black clergy of the Protestant Church may, ere long, become a necessity in the civilisation of Africa.t

PANORAMA OF ZANZIBAR, LOOKING EAST.
UNIVERSITIES' MISSION.

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BATTERY.

AMERICAN CONSULATE.

* A picture of the grave, from a sketch by Lieut. Gordon, R.N., appeared in the CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER of August, 1879. It is close to the present C.M.S. settlement of Frere Town.

† There was small prospect of any of these then; yet Krapf lived to see the Central African expeditions of our own day, and Frere Town, and the Bishopric of the Niger.

MISSIONARY ALMANACK.

Mr. John 0. Horden, M.B., of Edinburgh University, a son of the Bishop of Moosonee, has offered himself to the Society as a Medical Missionary, and has been appointed to the North Pacific Mission.

The following missionaries have lately returned home:-Mr. D. W. Burton, F. M. Ist 8.33 p.m. Tune. N. M. 15th,... 6.33 p.m.

from Sierra Leone; the Revs. F. T. Cole and J. Tunbridge, from the Santâl L. Qr. 8th 5.9 p.m.

F. Qr. 23rd.... 6.1 a.in.

Mission; the Revs. W. Keene and F. A. P. Shireff, from the Punjab; the Revs. THE NAME OF THE LORD.

R. T. Dowbiggin, J. T. Simmonds, and D. Wood, from Ceylon; the Rev. J. C. 1 T A name that is above every name, Phil. 2. 10.

Hoare, from Mid-China; Mr. J. Batchelor, from Japan; the Rev. T. S. Grace, 2 F His name shall be called Wonderful, Is. 9.6.

from New Zealand. 3 S Emmanuel, God with us, Mat. 1. 23.

We ought before to have mentioned the appointment, hy the Marquis of [and of the Son, and of the Toly Ghost, Mat. 28. 19. Ripon, Viceroy of India, of the Rev. W. R. Blackett, M.A., Principal of the 4S Trinity Sun. 1st bapt. at Tokio, 1876. In the name of the Father, C.M.S. Divinity School at Calcutta, to a seat on the important Commission on

M. Is. 6. 1-11. Re. 1. 1-9. E. Ge. 18, or 1. & 2. to 4. Eph. 4.1–17, or Mat. 8. Education in India, as a representative of the Church of England. 5 M 1st C.M.8. Miss. landed Calcutta, 1816, To take out a people 6 T Hallowed be Thy name, Mat. 6.9. [for His name, Acts 15. 14,

On March 19th, Bishop Royston, of Mauritius, ordained a Tamil catechist

named John Ernest, who was trained in Archdeacon Hobb's school at Crêve 7 W Gen. Lake d., 1877. Gen. Hutchinson Lay Sec., 1881. Do all in

Caur, Mauritius, and afterwards in the Rev. T. Kember's Training Institution [the name of the Lord Jesus, Col. 3. 17. 8TH. Venn' str. entered Niger, 1878. Up and down in His name,

in Tinnevelly:

The Archbishop of Canterbury bas conferred the Lambeth degree of B.D. on 9 F None other name under heaven, Acts 4. 12, [Zec. 10. 12.

the Ven. Archdeacon E. B. Clarke, of Waimate, New Zealand, who has been a 10 S Whereby we must be saved, Acts 4. 12.

C.M.S. missionary for twenty-two years.
Ivessel to bear My name, Acts 9. 15.

Mrs. Landall, of the China Inland Mission, whose recent death has caused 11 S 1st aft. Trin. St. Barnabas. S. Crowther oril., 1813. A chosen

wide-spread regret among the friends of Missions in China, was a step-daughter M. Jos. 3. 7 to 4.15, or De. 33. 1--12. Ac. 4.31. E. Jos. 5. 13 to 6.21, or 24,

(or Na. 1. Ac. 14. 8.

of the veteran C.M.S. Mis-ionary of Ningpo, the Rev. F. F. Gough, and had 12 M In His name shall the Gentile: ti ust, Mat. 12. 21.

worked with him devotedly for the good of the Chinese women for thirteen 13 T Duncan's 1st Serm. in Tsimsheon, 1858. Preached boldly in the years prior to her marriage—in fact from her childhood, for she died at the age

[name of Jesus, Acts 9. 27. of twenty-seven. 14 W Persia Mission adopted, 1875. In the name of our God we will Letters are to hand from Uganda, dated Christmas Day last. Mr. O'Flaherty 15 T A strong tower, Prov. 18. 10. (set up our banners, Ps. 20.5. and Mr. Mackay were well, and the work was going on prosperously. Mr. 16 F Holy and reverend, P3.111.9. (child in My name rec. Me, Mat.18.5. Copplestone also writes from Uyui on March 4, and Dr. Baxter and Mr. Cole 17 S Adjai brought to S. Leone. '22. Whoso shall receive one such little from Mpwapwa on March 23; a'l well.

[His name shall dwell therein, Ps. 69. 36. A favonrable review of the book lately published by the Rev. C. T. Wilson 18 s 2nd aft. Trin. Adm. Prevost at Metlakahtla, 1878. They that love and Mr. Felkin, Uganda and the Egyptiin Sondan, baving appeared in the M. Judg. 4. Ac. 2. 22. E. Judg.. or 6. 11. 1 Pet. 3. 8 to 4. 7.

Times, the Rev. J. Hannington, the leader of the new missionary party going 19 M If ye shall a-k

anything in My name I will do it, John 14. 14. to Central Africa, wrote to that pape to appeal for help in purchasing a boat 20 T Queen's Accn. The name of the God of Jacob defend thee, Ps, 20.1. to put on the Victoria Nyanza; and several contributions were sent in. 21W Not unto us, but unto Thy name give glory, Ps. 115. 1.

The Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society for May contain an 22 T They that know Thy name will put their trust in Thee, Pg. 9, 10. interesting account of the march of the Belgian Elephant Expedition from the 23 F Let them also that love Thy name be joyful, Ps. 5. 11.

east coast of Africa to Mpwapwa in 1879. The writer warmly acknowlelges 24 S St. John Bapt. Counted worthy to suffer for His name, Ac. 5. 41. the "exceeding kindness and attention of Mr. J, T. Last of the Church Mis

(there am I in the midst of them, Vat. 18. 20. sionary Society." 25 S 3rd aft. Trin. Where two or three are gathered in My name, The S.P.C.K. has granted £500 towards the fund now being raised by Bishop M. 1 Sa. 2. 1-27. Ac. 7.1-35. E. 1 Sa. 3. or 4.1--19. I Jo, 1.

Horden for the maintedence of missionary clergy in the Diocese of Moosonce ; 26 M Call upon His name, Ps. 105. 1. known My name, Pz. 91.14.

and also £300 towards his church building fund. 27T Ld. Lawrence d., 1879. I will set him on high, because he hath 28 W J. W. Knott d., 1870. Hazarded their lives for His name, Ac.15.26.

Mr. Rivers Thompson, the new Lieut. Governor of Bengal, is a member of 29 T St. Peter, Bp. Crowther consec., 1861. I will write upon him My

the C.M.S. Calcutta Corresponding Committee. The late and present Lieut.

Governors of the Punjab, Sir R. Egerton and Sir C. Aitchison, are also hearty

[new name, Rev. 3. 12. 80 F Blessed be His glorious name for ever, Ps. 72. 19.

supporters of Missions.

The Bishop of Madras, in his recent charge, takes a very encouraging review of the progress of Missions in the diocese. Since his last visitation

four years ago the number of baptized Native Christians connected with the EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS.

Church of England has risen from 79,917 to 101,246, an increase of 21,329, or

27 per cent. Just one half of this increase belongs to the C.V.S. There are, The Rev. T. W. Drury, M.A., of Christ's College, Cambridge, Rector of further, 38,000 catechumens. No less than 8,722 Natives had been confirmed Holy Trinity, Chesterfield, has been appointed Principal of the Church in the four years. In the twenty years to which Bishop Gell's faithful and Missionary College at Islington, in succession to the Rev. W. H. Barlow. happy episcopate now extends, 120 Native clergymen have been ordained, 75 Mr. Drury was 25th Wrangler, 3rd Class Classical Tripos, 1st Class Theological of them in connexion with the CMS. Tripos, and Scholefield and Evans University Prizeman.

The increase in the number of baptized Christians last year in the C.V.S. The C.M.S. Committee have appointed Admiral Prevost a Vice-President of districts in Tinnevelly was only 23 short of 2,000. There were 936 adult the Society. They have also appointed the following to be Honorary Life baptisms, 1,919 infant baptisms, 713 burials, and 415 marriages, performed by Governors, who have rendered very essential services to the Society :-The Ven. the 57 Native (C.M.S.) clergymen in the 1,027 (C.M.S.) villages in which thero Archdeacon Cooper, of Kendal ; the Ven. Archdeacon John W. Bardsley, of are Christians. In the six months following his return to active work after his Liverpool ; the Rev. Canon Crosthwaite, Vicar of Knaresborough; the Rev. severe illness, Bishop Sargent confirmed 2,565 Native candidates, G. C. Hodgson, Vicar of Corbridge; the Rev. Prebendary Jarratt, Vicar of A most interesting first report of the new Bheel Mission, at Khairwarra, in North Cave; the Rev. Prebendary Charles Marshall, Rector of St. Bride's, Rajputana, has been received from the Rev. C. S. Thompson, the zeal us London; the Rev. C. Matheson, Master of the Clergy Orphan School, Canter- missionary supported by Mr. Bickersteth's benefaction. He describes the great bury; General F. Haig, R.E., who has taken an active personal part in the difficulty he has experienced in getting access to the timid and susp cions Society's work in India ; James Hough, Esq., of Cambridge; Wm. Charles highlanders, who donbted whether he had come to kill them or to levy freeh Jones, Esq., of Warrington ; Charles Playne, Esq., of Stroud.

taxes; and the steps by which he has already succeeded, through patience and On May 1st, an ordination was held at St. James's, Clapham (of which the the exercise of his medical knowledge, in winning the confidence of many. Rev. W. H. Barlow is the new Vicar), by Birhop Perry, under a commission Bishop Stuart, of Waiapu, has presented to St. John's Church, Napier, a from the Bishop of London, and with the concurrence of the Bishop of handsome pulpit, made entirely of New Zealand woods, as a memorial to the Rochester. Eleven C.M.S. missionaries were admitted to deacon's orders, viz., late Bishop Williams. Mr. Thomas Phillips, B.A., of Trinity College, Dublin, who had resided two We ought before to have mentioned the appointment of Mr. E. Mantle as terms at Islington College; and ten other Islington students, Messrs. R. R. Assistant Central Secretary, with a view to his developing Juvenile Associa. Bell, J. Blackburn, T. Dunn (late a lay missionary in Ceylon), W. J. Edmonds, tions and other branches of home work, by magic-lantern lectures, Sunday. A. R. Fuller, C. Harrison, L. G. P. Liesching, E. C. Gordon, A. J. Santer, and school addresses, promoting the sale of the periodicals, &c. It will be a great C. Shaw. The sermon was preached by Canon Hoare, and the candidates were assistance to him if those of our friends who possess pictures, diagrams, or presented by Mr. Barlow,

lantern-slides to spare, would kindly place them at the Society's disposal. The ten Islington men above named all competed in the Oxford and Cambridge Preliminary Theological Examination, and all .passed, viz., Mesers. Edmonds and Santer in the 1st class ; Messrs Bell, Dunn, Harrison, Liesching,

THE CHILDREN'S HOME. Gorron, Shaw, in the 2nd ; and Messrs. Blackburn and Fuller in the 3rd. The locations of five of the eleven men ordained were mentioned in glir last: T El Dime, asks for presents of books and magazines for the use of the

HE Rev. A. J. P. Shepherd, Director of the C.M.S. Missionaries' Children's The remainder are appointed as follows:- Mr. Shaw to the Yoruba Mission ; Mr. Bell and Mr. Santer to Bengal; Mr. Harrison to the Gônd Mission, Central children, both for Sunday and for week-day reading. Volumes of good India ; Mr. Liesching to Ceylon; Mr. Fuller to Mid-China.

magazines are especially attractive. Perhaps also some friend would pay the The followivg appointments have also been made :- Mr. A. J. Shields, B.A., cost of re-binding some of the books now in use, and of binding periodicals. of Jesus College, Cambridge, to the Sanâl Mission ; the Rev. A. J. A. Gollmer, He also writes that tuo pinnos would be very acceptable. an I-lington man of 1880, to the Koi Mission on the Godavery; the Rev. J. Requests like these will surely meet with an immediate response. We are Field, who was a lay missionary at Lagos, and was also ordained in 1880 to almost inclined to take up the old school-boy phra and say, “Don't all speak Ceylon; Mr. E. Elliott. B.A., of St. Catherine's College, Cambridge, to Fuh- at once !” But we hope many will speak-or write-to Mr. Shepherd, at the chow; and Mr. J. A. Wray as a lay missionary to East Africa,

Home, Highbury Grove, London, N.

THE CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER.

JULY, 1882.

THE STORY OF THE PERSIA MISSION. that it generally took from five to six months to get an answer to a

letter from Europe ; and as I could not be a judge as to whether BY THE Rev. ROBERT BRUCE, D.D.

I could make a good revision of the Persian Testament or not, T is remarkable that, in the second Report of the we earnestly prayed that God would make His way plain. The

Church Missionary Society, published June 8th, month of April arrived, when the decision must be made ; and 1802, when that Society which is now the inightiest lo! in that very month nine Mohammedans, all respectable, and most highly honoured Society for the extension intelligent men, asked me to baptize them. I felt sure tbat this

of Christ's Kingdom in the world was herself hardly was an answer to our prayers, and a plain guidance from God born, and had not yet given birth to a single Mission, the that we should stay in Julfa. Persian language is mentioned as one of the very first to be There had been great distress in Persia, though no famine, cultivated for the purpose of spreading the knowledge of the during the winter months of 1870-71, and as the summer and Gospel in the heathen world. It was, however, reserved for

autumn of 1871 passed away the near approach of a dreadful Henry Martyn to carry the message of Divine grace to Persia in famine became more and more manifest. My wife and myself 1811, and to translate the New Testament into the Persian daily prayed that God would send us money to relieve the want language, which he accomplished in the one year of his residence. of the sufferers, but we made no appeals to any human being But his translation came to London, and remained there; nor except one-to my sister. In September the first answer to our was any attempt made to carry it back to Persia until more than

prayers came in a telegram from Colonel (now General) Haig, of half a century had elapsed. The American Mission at Ooroomiah

Calcutta, offering to collect money for the Persian famine. The was to the Turkish-speaking people of the extreme north of the result of Colonel Haig's noble effort was that he sent us during country. The C.M.S. Mission at Ispahan is the first Mission the winter months £3,500 for the Ispahan poor, besides other which has been established by any Protestant Church in the sums which he sent for the poor of Shiraz and Teheran. We Persian-speaking parts of Persia.

soon had about 7,000 poor on our list; and most anxiously did In the year 1858 I first went out as a missionary of the we look and pray for more aid, though we knew not whence it C.M.S. to the Punjab, and the greater part of the first three and could come; when one day I received a telegram from Pastor a half years of my mission life was spent at an out-station called Haas of Stuttgardt, Wurtemberg (whose name, as well as Colonel Narowal. Though the greater part of the inhabitants of the Haig's, I had never heard before), saying, • Draw on me for Punjab are idolaters, I was led from the first to study the £1,000." We drew £4,600 from this aged servant of God Mohammedan religion; and when I received an order from the during the winter months, and I received a letter from him Committee to leave Narowal and go to the new Mission to be saying, “We know Mohammed taught his followers to hate opened in the Derajat, on the Afghan frontier, which was entirely Christians, but Jesus taught us to love our enemies, and we have to Mohammedans, I saw that it had been of God that I had made collected this money in sixpences and shillings, as it were, from choice of Islam for my sphere of labour.

the poor Germans, and we hope you will distribute it among I laboured for six years among the Afghans, and Pushtu was Jew, Christian, and Mohammedan without any distinction.” We the language through which I held intercourse with them. But received also £3,500 from the London Committee for Persian in the last year of my stay in the Derajât I began to think that | Famine Relief, £1,500 from Sir Moses Montefiore for the Jews, the Persian language would be a better means of aiming at the and several smaller sums from private friends. We received in extension of Christ's Kingdom in Central Asia than Pashtu, and all £16,000. with this object I began to study Persian. Eighteen months That winter was a season of distress never to be forgotten; we afterwards I found myself in Persia.

devoted our whole time to the relief of the sufferers. The In the spring of 1868 my wife and myself were both obliged Mohammedan priests and governors in Ispahan did nothing by illness to visit England for awhile. And when having, by themselves, and instead of assisting us in our work rather looked God's mercy, regained my health, I was planning a return alone upon it with disfavour. In April I received a telegram from the to India in the spring of 1869, I met a friend who had travelled same Pastor Haas of Stuttgardt, saying, “We have £1,700 more in Persia. What he told me created a desire in me to go for you if you will get up an orphanage.” As we had in our through that country. When I mentioned this to Mr. Venn, bis relief list a great number of poor children whose parents had eyes filled with tears, and he said with emotion, “I am died of hunger, we thought this a call from God to begin an thankful for this opening; it is one of those things we looked orphanage, and accordingly did so. Five months passed before for in pain in times past, but which God is giving us now." we received a letter in September) from our German friends, What to me was but a journey was to him an opening made by who with Pastor Haas formed the Wurtemberg Persian Famine Him “who openeth, and no man shutteth ; and shutteth, and no Relief Committee; and when the letter reached us it was in these man openeth”; and such, we trust, it has proved.

words: “Since telegraphing to you about the orphanage we have In March, 1869, I left London for Persia, en route, as I corresponded with your Society in London, and they inform us thought, for India, and with the permission of the Committee to that they have not taken up the Persia Mission, and that you spend one year in that land. During my first year there, I felt are only on a visit to that land; this being the case it will not deeply the spiritual famine of the land, and I asked and received be possible for you to continue the orphanage ; we have therefore permission to prolong my stay for another year. My wife joined given the £1,700 to the Basle Missionary Society, who have me in 1870, and we took up our abode in Julfa, the Armenian undertaken to send out missionaries and to get up an orphanage." suburb of Ispahan, the ancient capital. When only a few months I had already been supporting the orphans for five months when remained of any second year's sojourn, I received a letter from I received this, which seemed to me unpleasant news. But God Mr. Venn, saying that if I could make a good revision of Henry makes all things work for His own glory. The Basle Society Martyn's translation of the New Testament the Committee woul1 sent out two Armenians trained in Basle to Tabreez ; they spent consent to my staying in Persia for that purpose; if not I must nearly two years trying to get up an orphanage, and having failed go on to India in May, 1871, when the second year would have to do so, in the end £1,300 of the money was handed over to tho expired. The postal arrangements were at that time so bad C.M.S., £400 of it having been spent in the transaction and lost

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to the poor orphans for whom it was intended.

About this time an Armenian gentleman asked me to take charge of a school of Armenian boys, in which English was taught, and which was supported by a bequest of £60 per annum left by a relative of his. I replied that if he would rent the house next to my own for a school-house and open a door through the wall into my courtyard, I should be happy to look in several times daily ; but that my stay in Persia was uncertain. I never shall forget the first day I examined the boys; they were being instructed in Romans, Revelation, and Psalms, but had not read Genesis or Matthew, and could not tell me who Abraham was. By God's blessing the number increased from twenty to one hundred and thirty—thirty of whom were Mohammedans.

From my first arrival in Julfa till this time I had done the utmost in my power to work in harmony with the Armenian archbishop, monks, and priests, and had refused to receive any converts from their Church to the Church of England, telling them that my work in Persia was for the non-Christian population, and trying to get them to work with us; I even allowed two Armenian priests to teach their own doctrines in the school. But when the number of our scholars increased, and I was obliged to complain of the non-receipt of a sum of £60 due to the school, and also of the conduct of one of the priests, who was paid as

a teacher of the school, in 'neglecting his duties, the archbishop and priests of the

of the Armenian Church joined the Roman Catholic priest in stirring up the Mohammedan authorities against us. They drove the Mohammedan boys out of the school, put spies on the door of the Mission-house to report to the Persian authorities the name of every Moslem who visited me, and in other ways stirred up a persecution.

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