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PANORAMA OF ZANZIBAR, LOOKING EAST.
FRENCH CONSULATE.

verely; and on the 9th
of July after midnight
she became delirious, and
when she recovered her

was fully con-
vinced that she would
soon be removed from
my side. So strong was
this conviction that she
took farewell of me and
the servants in touching
accents, especially recom-
mending them (they
were Mohammedans) to
place their trust in
Christ, not in Moham-
med, as neither in life
nor death could he be-
stow help, whereas Christ,
the Son of God, gave her
now indescribable peace.
One of her last and most
pressing requests was
that I should not praise
her in my report, but
merely say to her friends
at home that the Saviour
had been merciful her
as to a poor sinner. In
these trying moments I
lay on my couch beside
her death-bed, so pros-
trated by fever that only
with the greatest effort
could I rise up to con-
vince myself that she was
really dead. Lying in
agony Icould not rightly,
at the moment, estimate
the extent of this great
loss. She was buried
opposite to Mombaz on
the mainland, in the
presence of the Governor,
the Kadi, and some Sua-
hilis, by the way-side
leading into the Wanika
territory. Afterwards
Mr. Waters and his
friends in Bombay
erected a stone monu-
ment over the grave, so
that it might always re-
mind the wandering Sus-
hilis and Wanika that
here rested a Christian
woman who had left
father, mother, and home,
to labour for the salva-
tion of Africa. It was
only with great exertion
that I managed to be
present at the funeral,
and had scarcely returned
home when symptoms of
the malady were shown
by the dear child born
but a few days before.
They became fatal on
the 15th, and I was
obliged by the climate

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DHOWS.

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victim of the king of terrors to the grave of my beloved wife as soon as possible.*

After several weeks my health was restored and I betook myself with fresh zeal to the study of Suahili, and planned frequent excursions to the Wanika-land. In those days in my zeal for the conversion of Africa I used to calculate how many missionaries and how much money would be required to connect Eastern and Western Africa by a chain of missionary stations. I bad already, too, begun to think that

England might profitably establish on the east coast a colony for liberated slaves like Sierra Leone on the western coast, and that they might be employed as aids in the conversion of the Inner-African races. For such a colony, Malindi, or Mombaz and its environs, would be the best site. If more attention given to the formation of a chain of such Missions through Africa, the fall of slavery and of the slave-trade with America and Arabia would be quickly and thoroughly effected. Christianity and civilisation ever go hand in hand; brother will not sell brother; and when the colour of a man's skin no longer excludes him from the office of an evangelist, the traffic in slaves will have had its knell. A black bishop and black clergy of the Protestant Church may, ere long, become a necessity in the civilisation of Africa.t

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PANORAMA OF ZANZIBAR, LOOKING EAST.
UNIVERSITIES' MISSION.

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BATTERY.

AM ERICAN CONSULATE.

* A picture of the grave, from a sketch by Lieut. Gordon, R.N., appeared in the CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER of August, 1879. It is close to the present C.M.S. settlement of Frere Town.

† There was small prospect of any of these then; yet Krapf lived to see the Central African expeditions of our own day, and Frere Town, and the Bishopric of the Niger,

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THE NAME OF THE LORD. 1 T A name that is above every name, Phil. 2, 10. 2 F His name shall be called Wonderful, Is. 9. 6. 3 S Emmanuel, God with us, Mat. 1. 23.

[and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, Mat. 28. 19. 4 S Trinity Sun. 1st bapt. at Tokio, 1876. In the name of the Father,

M. Is. 6. 1-11. Re. 1. 1-9. E. Ge. 18, or 1. & 2, to 4. Eph. 4.1–17, or Mat. 3. 5 Mist C.M.8. Miss, landed Calcutta, 1816. To take out a people 6 T Hallowed be Thy name, Mat. 6.9. [for His name, Acts 15. 14. 7 W Gen. Lake d., 1877. Gen. Hutchinson Lay Sec., 1881. Do all in

(the name of the Lord Jesus, Col. 3. 17. 8 T · H. Venn' str. entered Niger, 1878. Up and down in His name, 9 F None other name under heaven, Acts 4. 12. [Zc. 10. 12. 10 S Whereby we must be saved, Acts 1.12.

(re-sel to bear My name, Acts 9. 15. 11 S 1st aft. Trin. St. Barnabas. S. Crowther ord., 1813. A chosen M. Jos. 3. 7 to 4.15, or De. 33. 1--12. Ac. 4.31. E. Jos. 5. 13 to 6.21, or 24,

(or Na. I, Ac. 14. 8. 12 M In His name shall the Gentile: ti ust. Mat. 12. 21. 13 T Duncan's 131 Serm. in Tsimsheon, 1858. Preached boldly in the

[name of Jesus, Acts 9. 27. 14 W Persia Mission adopted, 1875. In the name of our God we will 15 T A strong tower, Prov. 18. 10, [set up our banners, Ps. 20.5. 16 F Holy and reverend, P3.111.9. (child in My name rec. Me, Mat.18.5. 17 S Adjai brought to S. Leone '22. Whoo shall receive one such little

[His name shall dwell therein, Ps. 69. 36. 18 S 2nd aft. Trin, Adm. Prevost at Herlakahılar, 1878. They that love

M. Judg. 4. Ac. 2. 22. E. Judg. 5. or i. 11. 1 Pet. 3.8 to 4. 7. 19 M If ye shall a-k anything in My name I will do it, John 14, 14. 20T Queen's Accn. The name of the God of Jacobd-fond thee, Ps, 20.1. 21 W Not unto us, but unto Thy name give glory, Ps. 115. 1. 22 T They that know Thy name will put their trust in Thee, Pg. 9. 10. 23 F Let them also that love Thy name be joyful, Ps. 5. 11. 24 S St. John Bapt. Counted worthy to suffer for His name, Ac. 5.41.

(there am I in the midst of them, lat. 18. 20. 25 S 3rd aft. Trin. Where two or three are gathered in My name,

M. 1 Sa. 2. 1. 27. Ac, 7.1-35. E. I Sa. 3, or 4. 1-19. I Jo. 1. 26 M Call upon His name, Ps. 105. 1. known My name, P-. 91. 14. 27 T Ld. Laurence d., 1879. I will set him on high, because he hath 28 W J. W. Knoll d., 1870. Hazarded th: ir lives for His name, Ac.15.26. 29 T St. Peter, Bp. Crowther consec., 1861. I will write upon him My

[ne.v name, Rev. 3. 12. 80 F Blessed be His glorious name for ever, Ps. 72. 19.

Mr. John 0. Horden, M.B., of Edinburgh University, a son of the Bishop of Moosonee, has offered himself to the Society as a Medical Missionary, and has been appointed to the North Pacific Mission.

The following missionaries have lately returned home:- Mr. D. W. Burton, from Sierra Leone; the Revs. F. T. Cole and J. Tunbridge, from the Santâl Mission; the Revs. W. Keene and F. A. P. Shireff, from the Punjab; the Revs. R. T. Dowbiggin, J. T. Simmonds, and D. Wood, from Ceylon; the Rev. J. C. Hoare, from Mid-China; Mr. J. Batchelor, from Japan; the Rev. T. S. Grace, from New Zealand.

We ought before to have mentioned the appointment, hy the Marquis of Ripon, Viceroy of India, of the Rev. W. R. Blackett, M.A., Principal of the C.M.S. Divinity School at Calcutta, to a seat on the important Commission on Education in India, as a representative of the Church of England.

On March 19th, Bishop Royston, of Mauritius, ordained a Tamil catechist nimed John Ernest, who was trained in Archdeacon Hobb's school at Crève Canr, Mauritius, and afterwards in the Rev. T. Kember's Training Institution in Tinnevelly.

The Archbishop of Canterbury bas conferred the Lambeth degree of B.D. on the Ven. Archdeacon E. B. Clarke, of Waimate, New Zealand, who has been a C.M.S. missionary for twenty-two years.

Mrs. Landall, of the China Inland Mission, whose recent death has caused wide-spread regret among the friends of Missions in China, was a step-daughter of the veteran C.M S. Misionary of Ningpo, the Rev. F. F. Gough, and had worked with him devotedly for the good of the Chinese women for thirteen years prior to her marriage-in fact from her childhood, for she died at the age of twenty-seven.

Letters are to hand from Uganda, dated Christmas Day last. Mr. O'Flaherty and Mr. Mackay were well, and the work was going on prosperously. Me. Copplestone al30 writes from Uyui on March 4, and Dr, Baxter and Mr. Cole from Mpwapwa on March 23 ; a'l well.

A favonrable review of the book lately published by the Rev. C. T. Wilson and Mr. Felkin, Uganda and the Egyptian Sordan, having appeared in the Times, the Rev. J. Hannington, the leader of the new missionary party going to Central Africa, wrote to that paper to appeal for help in purchasing a boat to put on the Victoria Nyanzı; and several contributions were sent in.

The Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society for May contain an interesting account of the march of the Belgian Elephant Expedition from the east coast of Africa to Mpwapwa in 1879. The writer warmly acknowlelges the "exceeding kindness and attention of Mr. J, T. Last of the Church Mis. sionary Society."

The S.P.C.K. has granted £500 towards the fund now being raised hy Bishop Horden for the maintedence of missionary clergy in the Diocese of Moosonce; and also £340 towards his church bnild ng fund.

Mr. Rivers Thompson, the new Lient. Governor of Bengal, is a member of the C.M S. Calcutta Corresponding Committre. The late and present Lieut.Governors of the Punjab, Sir R. Egerton and Sir C. Aitchison, are also learty supporters of Missions,

The Bishop of Madras, in his recent charge, takes a very enconraging review of the progress of Missions in the diocese. Since his last visitation four years ago the number of baptized Native Christians connected with the Church of England has risen from 79,917 to 101,246, an increase of 21,329, or 27 per cent. Just one.half of this increase belongs to the C.V.S. There ar?, further, 38,000 catechumens. No less than 8.722 Vatives had been confirmed in the four years. In the twenty years to which Bishop Gell's faithful and happy episcopate now extends, 120 Native clergymen have been ordained, 75 of them in connexion with the CMS.

The increase in the number of baptized Christians last year in the C.V.S. districts in Tinnevelly was only 23 short of 2,000. There were 936 adult baptisms, 1,019 infant baptisms, 713 burials, and 415 marriages, performed by the 57 Native (C.M.S.) clergymen in the 1,027 (C.M.S) villages in which thero are Christians. In the six months following his return to active work after his severe illness, Bishop Sargent confirmed 2,565 Native candidates.

A most interesting first report of the new Bheel Mission, at Khairwarra, in Rajputana, has been received from the Rev. C. S. Thompson, the zeal us missionary supported by Mr. Bickersteth's benefaction. He describes the great difficulty he has experienced in getting access to the timid and suspicions highlanders, who doubted whether he had come to kill them or to levy fresh taxes; and the steps by which he has already succeeded, through patience and the exercise of bis medical knowledge, in winning the confidence of many.

Bishop Stuart, of Waiapu, has presented to St. John's Church, Napier, a handsome pulpit, made entirely of New Zealand woods, as a memorial to the late Bishop Williams.

We ought before to have mentioned the appointment of Mr. E. Mantle as Assistant Central Secretary, with a view to his developing Juvenile Associations and other branches of home work, by magic-lantern lectures, Sunday: school addresses, promoting the sale of the periodicals, &c. It will be a great assistance to him if those of our friends who possess pictures, diagrams, or lantern-slides to spare, would kindly place them at the Society's disposal.

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EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS. The Rev. T. W. Drury, M.A., of Christ's College, Cambridge, Rector of Holy Trinity, Chesterfield, has been appointed Principal of the Church Missionary College at Islington, in succession to the Rev. W. H. Barlow. Mr. Drury was 25th Wrangler, 3rd Class Classical Tripos, 1st Class Theological Tripos, and Scholefield and Evans University Prizeman.

The C.M.S. Committee have appointed Admiral Prevost a Vice-President of the Society. They have also appointed the following to be Honorary Life Governors, who have rendered very essential services to the Society :-The Ven. Archdeacon Cooper, of Kendal; the Vin. Archdeacon John W. Bardsley, of Liverpool; the Rev. Canon Crosthwaite, Vicar of Knaresborough; the Rev. G. C. Hodgson, Vicar of Corbridge; the Rev. Prebendary Jarratt, Vicar of North Cave; the Rev. Prebendary Charles Marshall, Rector of St. Bride's, London; the Rev. C. Matheson, Master of the Clergy Orphan School, Canterbury; General F. Haig, R.E., who has taken an active personal part in the Society's work in India ; James Hough, Esq., of Cambridge; Wm. Charles Jones, Esq., of Warrington ; Charles Playre, Esq., of Stroud.

On May 1st, an ordination was held at St. James's, Clapham (of which the Rev. W. H. Barlow is the new Vicar), by Bishop Perry, under a commission from the Bishop of London, and with the concurrence of the Bishop of Rochester, Eleven C.M.S. missionaries were admitted to deacon's orders, viz., Mr. Thomas Phillips, B.A., of Trinity College, Dublin, who had resided two terms at Islington College; and ten other Islington students, Messrs. R. R. Bell, J. Blackburn, T. Dunn (late a lay missionary in Ceylon), W.J. Edmonds, A. R. Fuller, C. Harrison, L. G. P. Liesching, E. C. Gordon, A. J. Sauter, and C. Shaw. The sermon was preached by Canon Hoare, and the candidates were presented by Mr. Barlow,

The ten Íslington men above named all competed in the Oxford and Camhridge Preliminary Theological Examination, and all passed, viz., Mes-rs. Edmonds and Santer in the 1st class ; Messrs. Bell, Dunn, Harrison, Liesching, Gorron, Shaw, in the 2nd; and Messrs. Blackburn and Fuller in the 3rd.

The locations of five of the eleven men ordained were mentioned in our last, The remainder are appointed as follows :- Jir. Shaw to the Yoruba Mission ; Mr. Bell and Mr. Santer to Bengal; Dir. Harrison to the Gônd Mission, Central India ; Mr. Liesching to Ceylon; Mr. Fuller to Mid-China.

The following appointments have also been made :- Mr. A. J. Shields, B.A., of Jesus College, Cambridge, to the San âl Mission; the Rev. A.J. A. Goilmer, an I-lington man of 1880. to the Koi Mission on the Godavery; the Rev. J. Field, who was a lay missionary at Lagos, and was also ordained in 1880, to Ceylon; Mr. E. Elliott. B.A., of St. Catherine's College, Cambridge, to Fuhchow; and Mr. J. A. Wray as a lay missionary to East Africa,

THE CHILDREN'S HOME. E Rev. A. J.P. Shepherd, Director of the C.M.S. Missionaries' Children's

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children, both for Sunday and for week-day reading. Volumes of good magazines are especially attractive. Perhaps also some friend would pay the cost of re-binding some of the books now in use, and of binding periodicals.

He also writes that tiro pinnos would be very acceptable.

Requests like these will surely meet with an immediate response. We are almost inclined to take up the old school-boy phrase, and say, “Don't all speak at once !" But we hope many will speak-or write-to Mr. Shepherd, at the Home, Highbury Grove, London, N.

THE CHURCH

CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER.

JULY, 1882.

a half years

THE STORY OF THE PERSIA MISSION. that it generally took from five to six months to get an answer to a

letter from Europe ; and as I could not be a judge as to whether BY THE REV. ROBERT BRUCE, D.D).

I could make a good revision of the Persian Testament or not, T is remarkable that, in the second Report of the we earnestly prayed that God would make His way plain. Tho

Church Missionary Society, published June 8th, month of April arrived, when the decision must be made ; and 1802, when that Society which is now the mightiest lo! in that very month nine Mohammedans, all respectable, and most highly honoured Society for the extension intelligent men, asked me to baptize them. I felt sure tbat this of Christ's Kingdom in the world was herself hardly

was an answer to our prayers, and a plain guidance from God born, and had not yet given birth to a single Mission, the

that we should stay in Julfa. Persian language is mentioned as one of the very first to be There had been great distress in Persia, though no famine, cultivated for the purpose of spreading the knowledge of the during the winter months of 1870-71, and as the summer and Gospel in the heathen world. It was, however, reserved for autumn of 1871 passed away the near approach of a dreadful Henry Martyn to carry the message of Divine grace to Persia in famine became more and more manifest. My wife and myself 1811, and to translate the New Testament into the Persian daily prayed that God would send us money to relieve the want language, which he accomplished in the one year of his residence.

of the sufferers, but we made no appeals to any human being But his translation came to London, and remained there; nor

except one-to my sister. In September the first answer to our was any attempt made to carry it back to Persia until more than

prayers came in a telegram from Colonel (now General) Haig, of half a century had elapsed. The American Mission at Coroomiah Calcutta, offering to collect money for the Persian famine. The was to the Turkish-speaking people of the extreme north of the result of Colonel Haig's noble effort was that he sent us during country. The C.M.S. Mission at Ispahan is the first Mission the winter months £3,500 for the Ispahan poor, besides other which has been established by any Protestant Church in the sums which he sent for the poor of Shiraz and Teheran.

We Persian-speaking parts of Persia.

soon had about 7,000 poor on our list; and most anxiously did In the year 1858 I first went out as a missionary of the we look and pray for more aid, though we knew not whence it C.M.S. to the Punjab, and the greater part of the first three and could come; when one day I received a telegram from Pastor

of
my

mission life was spent at an out-station called Haas of Stuttgardt, Wurtemberg (whose name, as well as Colonel Narowal

. Though the greater part of the inhabitants of the Haig's, I had never heard before), saying, o Draw on me for Punjab are idolaters, I was led from the first to study the £1,000." We drew £1,600 from this aged servant of God Mohammedan religion ; and when I received an order from the during the winter months, and I received a letter from him Committee to leave Narowal and go to the new Mission to be saying, “ We know Mohammed taught his followers to hate opened in the Derajat, on the Afghan frontier, which was entirely Christians, but Jesus taught us to love our enemies, and we have to Mohammedans, I saw that it had been of God that I had made

collected this money in sixpences and shillings, as it were,

from choice of Islam for my sphere of labour.

the poor Germans, and we hope you will distribute it among I laboured for six years among the Afghans, and Pushtu was Jew, Christian, and Mohammedan without any distinction.” We the language through which I held intercourse with them. But received also £3,500 from the London Committee for Persian in the last year of my stay in the Derajat I began to think that Famine Relief, £1,500 from Sir Moses Montefiore for the Jews, the Persian language would be a better means of aiming at the and several smaller sums from private friends. We received in extension of Christ's Kingdom in Central Asia than Pashtu, and all £16,000. with this object I began to study Persian. Eighteen months That winter was a season of distress never to be forgotten; we afterwards I found myself in Persia.

devoted our whole time to the relief of the sufferers. The In the spring of 1868 my wife and myself were both obliged Mohammedan priests and governors in Ispahan did nothing by illness to visit England for a while. And when having, by themselves, and instead of assisting us in our work rather looked God's mercy, regained my health, I was planning a return alone upon it with disfavour. In April I received a telegram from the to India in the spring of 1869, I met a friend who had travelled same Pastor Haas of Stuttgardt, saying, “ We have £1,700 more in Persia. What he told me created a desire in me to go for you if you will get up an orphanage. As we had in our through that country. When I mentioned this to Wr. Venn, his relief list a great number of poor children whose parents had eyes filled with tears, and he said with emotion, “I am so died of hunger, we thought this a call from God to begin an thankful for this opening; it is one of those things we looked orphanage, and accordingly did so. Five months passed before for in vain in times past, but which God is giving us now.' we received a letter (in September) from our German friends, What to me was but a journey was to him an opening made by who with Pastor Haas formed the Wurtemberg Persian Famine Him “who openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no Relief Committee; and when the letter reached us it was in these man openeth”; and such, we trust, it has proved.

words: “Since telegraphing to you about the orphanage we have In March, 1869, I left London for Persia, en route, as I corresponded with your Society in London, and they inform us thought, for India, and with the permission of the Committee to that they have not taken up the Pe sia Mission, and that you spend one year in that land. During my first year there, I felt are only on a visit to that land; this being the case it will not deeply the spiritual famine of the land, and I asked and received be possible for you to continue the orphanage; we have therefore permission to prolong my stay for another year. My wife joined given the £1,700 to the Basle Missionary Society, who have me in 1870, and we took up our abode in Julfa, the Armenian undertaken to send out missionaries and to get up an orphanage.” suburb of Ispahan, the ancient capital. When only a few months I had already been supporting the orphans for five months when remained of my second year's sojourn, I received a letter from I received this, which seemed to me unpleasant news. But God Mr. Venn, saying that if I could make a good revision of IIenry makes all things work for His own glory. The Basle Society Martyn's translation of the New Testament the Committee wouli sent out two Armenians trained in Basle to Tabreez; they spent consent to my staying in Persia for that purpose; if not I must nearly two years trying to get up an orphanage, and having failed go on to India in May, 1871, when the second year would have to do so, in the end £1,300 of the money was handed over to tho expired. The postal arrangements were at that time so bad C.M.S., £100 of it having been spent in the transaction and lost

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THE PERSIAN FAMINE OF 1871: ORPHAN BOYS.

to the poor orphans for whom
it was intended.

About this time an Arme-
nian gentleman asked me to
take charge of a school of
Armenian boys, in which
English was taught, and which
was supported by a bequest
of £60 per annum left by a
relative of his.
that if he would rent the
house next to my own for a
school-house and open a door
through the wall into my
courtyard, I should be happy
to look in several times daily;
but that my stay in Persia
was uncertain. I never shall
forget the first day I examined
the boys; they were being in-
structed in Romans, Revela-
tion, and Psalms, but had not
read Genesis or Matthew, and
could not tell me who Abra-
ham was. By God's blessing
the number increased from
twenty to one hundred and
thirty—thirty of whom were
Mohammedans.

From my first arrival in
Julfa till this time I had done
the utmost in my power to
work in harmony with the
Armenian archbishop, monks,
and priests, and had refused
to receive any converts from
their Church to the Church
of England, telling them that
my work in Persia was for the
non-Christian population, and
trying to get them to work
with us; I even allowed two
Armenian priests to teach
their own doctrines in the
school. But when the num-
ber of our scholars increased,
and I was obliged to com-
plain of the non-receipt of a
sum of £60 due to the school,
and also of the conduct of
one of the priests, who was
paid as a teacher of the
school, in 'neglecting his
duties, the archbishop and
priests of the Armenian
Church joined the Roman
Catholic priest in stirring up
the Mohammedan authorities
against us. They drove the
Mohammedan boys out of
the school, put spies on the
door of the Mission-house to
report to the Persian authori.
ties the name of every Mos-
lem who visited me, and in
other ways stirred up a per-
secution.

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