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bodies there. By one pyre there was the poor widow dressed Mr. Parker and Mr. Clifford each give some hours a week to the English all in white, who, when the body was consumed and the glowing Class. The rest of the work I have to manage as best I can myself. ashes quenched by water thrown upon them with their hands by sentence by sentence
, and then we discuss it conversationally. There are
We work mainly hy dictation. I give the students a short paragraph several men standing in the Ganges, came, and raked with her few text-books in Bengáli, and if there were more, I doubt whether we hand the ashes of her husband ; she then turned her back to the should be able to use them satisfactorily. But the notes of lectures are river, and they put a pitcher full of water between her shoulders, valued by the students, and usually bound up for preservation and future which she held for a few moments, and then let fall so as to
study. Every few months we have an examination, in which the men shiver it, and she was at once led away by the next of kin. I generally answer fairly. But I must own I don't much believe in exami
nations; I would rather inspire my men with a mind to study and to thought of the words, “The pitchers broken at the fountain."
think than cram their minds with a pile of answers to examination ques- Thence we went to the chief Mohammedan mosque, and Edward tions. and I climbed the highest minaret and had the most extensive
What do we read? The Bible, of course. Pyari Babu-Mr. Rudra's view of the city. The city is full of temples, some of them
usual designation-reads the historical books of the Old and New Testament
with the Junior Class, and I am just now going through Romans with the covered with horrid sculptures. We walked through the narrow Senior Class, and Isaiah with all together. Then sometimes we have an streets-narrower than those at Genoa-often met by a sacred hour's practice in the topical use of the Bible, in hunting up the texts bull, tame but impertinent. We bought some of the famous bearing on some important subject, explaining and combining them in a Benares brass-work, &c., and then went to the Golden Temple, systematic form. They wanted me to give them the Bengáli version of
the “Dublin Text Book," but I say we must make one for ourselves. the holiest place in the whole world in Hindu esteem, with its
Then we are reading through the Prayer Book, which I am sorry to say well of knowledge, from which decaying flowers and rice, mixed becomes a somewhat controversial exercise, owing to the increasing attacks with Ganges water, sent forth the most poisonous odour, though on the Church's doctrines, both from without and from within. Mr. the wretched worshippers paid highly for a spoonful of the
Rudra has also read the Church Catechism with his class. Church history deadly water to drink. We also saw a temple crowded with
is not neglected, but I find, as I was led to expect, that the Indian mind
is not easily interested in anything historical. We also have some time sacred cows, which roamed from court to court at their pleasure.
every week at pastoral theology, and at sermon composition, both theoretiSurely in Benares Satan's throne is. In the afternoon, by cally and practically. I have begun to make the students preach on delicious contrast, we saw the beautiful Mission schools, where Wednesday evenings at Christ Church, and they have really acquitted all is purity and love.
themselves very fairly. Theology I take in a systematic way with the
elder class twice a week. The next day (Saturday) the Maharajah of Benares, to whom I
This is all Bengáli work. With my little English Class I have been had sent the letter of introductiori kindly given me by Professor reading Pearson on the Creed, but I hardly think I shall take it up with Monier Williams, sent his paddle-barge to meet us at the river another class, as it is rather hard for them. But what am I to take inside, and an English-speaking Baboo to escort us, and we made stead? We have also been reading Angus's Introduction to the Bible. our way very slowly, against stream, some four miles up the They have made good progress in Greek, and will soon be able to read the
Greek Testament with some ease. This is rather important in this river to his palace, where he received us in state. I counted
country, where every educated Hindu can quote the Shastras, and every some forty attendants in his court, which was sumptuously Musalman the Koran, with more fluency than intelligence certainly, but furnished. His nephew and heir could speak English, and his yet in a way that makes it desirable that our better educated Christian chubby grand-nephew or son made himself quite at home with teachers should know the Christian Shastras in the original. Then, by M-, and showed us all his musical boxes and toys. It was a
way of setting them to think, I have been reading some logic with them,
and find it both interesting and useful. Moreover, finding that one of thoroughly Oriental scene, and ended by his throwing necklaces them had been studying Latin by himself for two years, I have just begun over our heads, and pouring lavender water on our hands and giving him an hour a week in it. I should not wonder if I have to begin kerchiefs, and 'sending us on his noble elephant and in his Hebrew with kim some day. These two men have read Paley with Mr. carriage to his gardens and great tank. That evening we drove Clifford, and are beginning Butler.
Now as to our students. They are our weak point at present, for we in the setting sunlight, and returned by moonlight to see an old Buddhist temple.
have only seven of them. But, after all, if we can turn out seven fairly
taught men every two or three years we shall supply all the present wants On Monday at 10 o'clock we started for Calcutta.
of our Missions. And we are very particular as to the quality of the material we accept. Let me give you an introduction to my disciples.
My first man is Du’khlál Bishwas. He is a working catechist, posted THE C.M.S. DIVINITY SCHOOL AT CALCUTTA.
at Christ Church, and a man of some standing. He only comes to us for
some of the deeper subjects, which he has not previously studied. He is Letter from the Rev. W. R. BLACKETT, M.A., Principal. a fair preacher, and a diligent pastor, under Mr. Clifford, of the little To the Editor of the GLEANER.
flock at Christ Church.
Then comes Nathanael Paramánduda Sarcar, whose stature is long in CALCUTTA, September 10, 1881.
proportion to his name. He is a dear good fellow, with his heart very Y DEAR SIR-I notice in the August GLEANER you much in the right place, but he finds it difficult to grasp recondite ideas,
express a determination that your readers shall know some- or to keep anything clearly in his mind. I am not sure though that he thing about the work of the Divinity School in Calcutta. will not make a good preacher. Once before the stupidest of my pupils Perhaps it is my fault that they have not had the oppor- turned out the most eloquent of the class, and one of the most earnest. tunity already.
And Nathanael is very zealous in visiting in the hospital, and in teaching In the first place, after floating about for some time, we a class of heathen boys in the little Sunday-school, which is held by a lady have at last got a "local habitation and a name,” and both are too large of the American Mission in our lecture-rooms. for us at present. But we are not "an airy nothing" in this large house Brem Chand Bishwás is my other Eoglish-speaking student. He is a
We are a growing child, and hope to fill out in time the pre- promising young man, with intellect as well as piety and zeal, and I sent slackness in our habiliments.
should not be surprised if he proves very useful to us by-and-by. Our house is an admirable one, and thanks to a liberal gift, conveyed Among the students who work only in Bengali, Brán Náth Bishwás is through the Rev. A. C. Thiselton, of Dublin, has been admirably adapted the most intelligent, as one might judge by his fine forehead. But, like for our purposes. We have one large dormitory, and two or three smaller most Bengalis, he is wanting in energy. He was a schoolmaster in the ones, three lecture-rooms, a chapel, and a library, all on the ground floor; Krishnagar district, and a former pupil of the Training School. and on the upper floor our own living rooms, and a large hall for public Sabján was also engaged in school work, but in a lower grade. He is a lectures. Just outside we have a fine square, with public college buildings good man, but no amount of city life or training would take the clodon two sides of it. Here we hope to do some public out-of-door work when hopper out of him, and he is conscious of it. However, he is able to take our staff is stronger. And indeed the students are not backward now in in a certain amount of knowledge, and will, I think, be a useful man for entering into conversation with those whom they find taking exercise in some of our village congregations.
Gopál Chandra Mukerji is another style of man altogether, though Our staff is at present incomplete, as we are waiting for the brother he gets on very well with the others. He is a Brahmin convert of some who has been appointed to the work. The Rev. Piari Mohun Rudra, three years' standing, sufficiently intelligent and thoughtful, but not well Pastor of Trinity Church, gives two hours a day to our Junior Class, and grounded in knowledge of any kind. In this he resembles many of his
class among the Hindus. But I trust he has in him that which alone can SKETCHES OF MISSIONARY WORK IN PALESTINE. serve as the foundation of all knowledge useful to a worker for Christ. He is tolerably good-looking, but quiet in his manner.
BY LOUISA H. H. TRISTRAM. Swapneswar Misri is much more talkative, having indeed travelled about all over North India, and come in contact with all sorts of people. He
IV.—Es SALT AND THE BEDOUINS. was converted among the Presbyterians, I think, and was appointed our
E had been wandering about on the east side of the reader among the Kols in Calcutta some three years ago. Besides these,
Jordan for a fortnight, visiting the ruins of the old the Rev. Molám Bishwas, pastor of Krishtapúr, comes to me for instruction, preparatory to priest's orders.
Moabite cities, Medeba, Heshbon, Elealah, and I ask for your prayers for our students, that they may be filled with
above all Mount Nebo, whence our eyes had wanthe Holy Ghost, and established in the truth as it is in Jesus.
dered over the Promised Land from the snowy W. R. BLACKETT.
summits of Hermon to the heights of Hebron. We were now P.S.-We have inherited the library of the old Cathedral Mission
bound for Es Salt (Ramoth Gilead), where is our only C.M.S. College, but it wants enlargement in the theological department.
station on the other side Jordan.
It was in such drenching rain as only travellers who must be THE MISSIONARY EXHIBITION AT CAMBRIDGE. regardless of weather know the discomfort of
, that we left Ammân
for Salt. We were more fortunate during the latter half of our To the Editor of the GLEANER.
ride, when it cleared up, and we were able to enjoy the beauties EAR SIR,—In your very interesting and special number for April, it of the Land of Gilead, certainly the most picturesque part of Missionary Exhibition at Cambridge ; but, as one who had the pleasure
the Holy Land. We passed through lovely glades of oak-trees ; of seeing it, I feel that a little more ought to be said about it.
then over open moorland ; and lastly a most precipitous and First-As a pecuniary success, after paying all expenses, it cleared rocky defile brought us face to face with the town of Es Salt, more than £400, and this, let it be remembered, at a time when there is, built on the steep slope of the hill. Here we were greeted especially in Cambridgeshire, very heavy agricultural depression, which warmly by a little knot of the men belonging to our small more or less affects all classes. Secondly—A far more important result of the Exhibition was, I feel
Protestant community, and by them led to the Mission-house, sure, the vivid way in which it brought the realities of Mission work where we were most hospitably received by the Rev. Chalil Jamal, before the general public. The building being very large, distinct courts our C.M.S. Native pastor. Our tents were far too wet to be were marked out for each country, e.g., China, India, Japan, Africa, pitched, and also the weather looked still very unsettled, so wo Palestine, &c., &c., and each court was well stocked with curiosities from each country, illustrating the productions, habits, customs, dress, and more
were truly grateful for the generous accommodation Mr. Jamal especially the religious worship of that country. Just to take one in
accorded to us in his own house, I fear much to the inconvenience stance. I am sure no one could have spent half an hour in the African of himself and his family. court, handling the awful slave-drivers' whips, examining the native im- Seventeen years previously my father had visited Salt, and plements, and studying the hideous idols, without carrying away a very lively impression of the curse and brutality of slavery, the debasing effect
on first entering the town had been greeted by an old man, who of idolatry, and the great importance, apart even from its highest spiritual
told him he was a Protestant, and knew Bishop Gobat. Hearing blessings, of bringing true Christianity, with all its civilising influences,
father also knew him, he wrote a letter, begging hard to bear upon the Negro races.
for a teacher for Salt, and also urged with tears that English Thirdly-Another result of the Exhibition, which was perhaps the most Christians would help them. Bishop Gobat had opened a important of all, was the great amount of information upon Mission work which it disseminated. Not only did the things exhibited speak for them
school there once, but persecution had obliged the closing of it, selves, but several persons, some of them missionaries of the Society, were
and now this one man was doing all that lay in his power to lead present from time to time in the several courts, to explain some of the
his townsmen into the way of life, and praying day and night objects of interest, and “ to put in a word by the way." And in addition for a missionary. His two little boys he was bringing up in the to this, at the opening of the Exhibition, and at other periods, specially in nurture and admonition of the Lord, and so far the result of the evening, short addresses were given upon the various parts of the Mission field, illustrated by some of the articles in the Exhibition. The
his labours was an earnest desire for more teaching. The old addresses of the Bishop of Moosonee, an old missionary of the Society, man's prayers were answered, and he had the joy of seeing a were peculiarly instructive, and attracted much attention.
young Church growing up in his native town, full of the zeal and Lastly-There is the great amount of interest in Mission work which devotion of primitive Christianity, before he entered into his the Exhibition must have aroused. First
, there were the kind friends heavenly rest just three months previous to our arrival. His who worked for the bazaar; for I ought to have mentioned before that a large bazaar was combined with the Exhibition. Through the zeal and
memory will ever be fragrant in Salt, but not till the day when activity of the Rev. J. Barton, several boxes of articles from India, China, all secrets will be disclosed can it be known what is owed to the Japan, Africa, America, &c., &o., were procured, and offered for sale, together years of faithful prayer that rose in that dark place from its one with numerous articles worked by the ladies of the working parties. And solitary convert. the interest taken in these working parties, the accounts of Mission work read during them, and the healthy impulse to further effort which the feeling quite at home there.
We bad reached Salt on Saturday afternoon, and were soon pleasure of having already done something for Christ's Kingdom naturally
The Mission premises are all creates, all the:e have been, and still will be, productive of good to the enclosed in a small courtyard, and consist of the neat and simple great cause of Christian Missions. And then there were the crowds of church, which now can only just hold its congregation of from visitors who daily tbronged the Exhibition, and who could not fail to have been more or less interested in what they saw and heard. More than
200 to 250 persons, a large room used for prayer meetings and £126 was taken at the door. When we saw, as we did specially on the
communicants' classes, and Mr. Jamal's house, containing two last night, the throngs of undergraduates present, the prayer could large and one small room. This latter, the study, with the rehardly help rising in our hearts that, with God's blessing, it might be to ception-room of the house and the class-room, were most kindly some the little spark of interest, which hereafter might, under the Spirit's given up to us, and the rest of our party were entertained in a guiding, be fanned into a flame, which should end in their offering them- house in the town. selves as Christ's ambassadors to heathen nations. -Bat I should be very thankful if the grand result of the Cambridge
On Sunday morning at 9 o'clock, the bell (a present from the Exhibition should be that every large town should “ go and do likewise."
late Colonel Joicey, M.P. for North Durham) summoned us to I do not see why, if it can be a success in Cambridge, it should not be a church. Though it was pouring with rain the congregation still greater success in such places as Bath, Cheltenham, Leamington, numbered 210, most of whom were men.
The service was of Birmingham, and even in London itself. Why should there not be an Exhibition every year in one or other of our large towns ?
course in Arabic, but here, as at Gaza, our Prayer-books made It only requires some energy and willing hands.
After the But it wants some
us feel quite at one with our fellow-worshippers. one to come forward in each place. The question I want answered is-
second lesson had been read, Mr. Jamal's little daughter of a What town will take the Exhibition next year ?
A. H. A. month old was baptized by her father. Mr. Bickersteth, who
was with us, preached on Rev. iii. 20, after which the Holy before of all that was going on, and so we were not present at Communion was administered to forty-four communicants, of the service, which is regularly attended by a very large proporwhom nine were Native women. The responses during the tion of the converts. The greater part of each day is spent by whole service were singularly hearty, and we were much struck Mr. Jamal in meeting inquirers and in conversation with them, by the reverence and devotion of all the congregation.
and he has useful helpers in his schoolmaster and other natives. In the afternoon we went to the church again, where the The only school at present is a mixed one, but we hope that Sunday-school is held. After the regular lessons are over, the soon there will be a separate school for girls. There are about schoolmaster catechises the children, and when we were there ninety children in attendance, and three of these are Bedouin several of the adults who came to school joined with the children, Arabs sent by their fathers to board in Salt for the sake of the asking questions, and also being called on to give their thoughts school! Such wild little fellows they looked, with eyes like about the passage in question. My father then spoke to them eagles. of the little captive maid and Naaman, and Mr. Bickersteth also From Salt Mr. Bahnam, a Native catechist, goes out to the talked to them before they dispersed. A heartier or more plains and visits the Bedouin encampments, reading, talking, profitable children's service could not be, and indeed throughout and praying with these wild nomads; and though there is as yet our stay at Salt we were much struck with the reality and depth no fruit to be seen, the fact that he meets with a welcome and of the spiritual work going on here. We met the sons of the hospitality even when his errand is known, speaks of a brighter old man of whom I spoke before, now grown into stalwart men, future for these races. Mr. Babnam told us that once, when and following in the steps of their good father.
praying in a Bedouin tent with some Arabs he asked for a blessThere is service at Salt every morning, at 5 in summer and ing on their flocks and herds, and that their crops might be at 7 in winter, before the men go off to their day's work, and good. After he rose from his knees the Arabs said, “He must every evening there is a gathering in the home of some convert love us, if he prays for our corn and our sheep," and then for Bible reading and prayer, conducted by the people them- listened attentively and quietly while he told them of the God selves. On the Monday morning when the bell rang for service of love. we imagined it was only meant to wake us, not having been told Before leaving Salt we rode to Arak el Emir, where we saw the
wonderful rock-hewn stables of John Hyrcanus, and the great palace described by Josephus. All the country of Gilead is wonderfully beautiful, and we saw it in all the glory of its richest vegetation. Flowers of every hue, and shrubs and trees, cover the sides of the hills, between which flow streams bordered by oleanders. From Jebel Osha, or Mount Gilead, an hour's walk to the north of Salt, we had a glorious view of the plains below, where the - Jabbok winds in and out and finally joins its waters to those of the Jordan.
At last came the day when we must take leave of our kind friends. Mr. Jamal accompanied us a little way, and when we reached the top of the bill above Salt, there we saw all the school children ranged in line, with their masters. They salaamed us, and then sang an Arabic parting hymn, concluding with a benediction; pretty nosegays of anemones and ranunculus were given us by the little girls before we had to say good-bye. As we wound down hill and slowly passed out of sight we watched the line of little faces, and their parting salaam! salaam ! was worthy of comparison with an English hurrah. I think our hearts were all very full as we left our good friends at Salt, knowing what small likelihood there is that we shall ever meet again on earth. But what encouragement have we not had to persevere in all missionary effort! The reaping time will come surely, even though it be slowly. Nearly twenty years ago Bishop Gobat's school at Salt had to be closed, but he hoped for brighter days to come, and bought the land on which the Mission buildings stand when as yet there seemed no hope of its being put to any use. Now we know that the Bishop was right, and may we not believe that he now rejoices in the fulfilment of some of his dearest wishes ?
A GLEANER CLASS. EAR MR. EDITOR,-Feeling convinced that the best way to ensure a
real interest in Missionary work, is to make its details thoroughly well known, some friends of the C.M.S. proposed last year to hold monthly meet. ings for the study of the GLEANER. Some account of these may be suggestive to your readers, and conduce to a larger number of competitors in the next Examination,
The young people of the parish were invited to assemble on the third Thursday of each month. A committee of ladies was formed, who kindly undertook to preside and prepare questions on each month's GLEANER. The answers to these questions were not compulsory, but all who could do so were expected to send in papers.
Being assembled, the proceedings commenced with a hymn and prayer (C.M. Selection being used). Then came business. Questions and answers were read by the committee-maps handed round, and talk encouraged-if time permitted; the answers were supplemented by extracts bearing on the subjects, which had been previously selected and marked from GLEANERS or Intelligencers of past years. The questions for the current month were then distributed.
It was hoped that all the members (about ten) would go in for the Examination. But when it came to the point some were away, some who had promised turned shy at the last moment, and only three came forward, of whom two obtained honourable mention. Still all own to a much deeper interest in the GLEANER and feel that they have learned much during the year; and all wish to have the meetings continued.
The great point as you, Mr. Editor, say, is that more definiteness should be given to our prayers. Generality is the death of prayer," and how vague must our prayers on behalf of Missions be until we know the special needs of individuals in the various stations ;, and how can we join in thanksgiving until our hearts are stirred by hearing what wonders God hath wrought ?
J. E. B.