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tion of a silver sword paved the way. This I declined, as altogether say another word upon the subject until the return of his messenger. inconsistent with my missionary calling. My retinue consisted of ten Having removed my mules and horses into his own stables, he now set a armed servants, partly to wait on me, and partly for protection.

watch upon me; and wherever I went a soldier dogged me, and when I On the 16th we reached the hill of Dair, on which is the hill fort of was going to buy anything would ask, “Why this extravagance ?” A the governor of the province of Geshe. My road lay through the country beggar asked for a dollar, and when I refused rejoined, “You do not of the Wollo chief, Adara Bille, to whom the governor of Geshe was to know whether you will leave this place a happy man, or a beggar like send a soldier with me recommending me to his protection. On the 19th myself.” I began to have my suspicions, thought of flying by night, and of March I arrived at Gatira, the residence of Adara Bille, who received consulted with some of my Abyssinian servants, who treated my fears as me hospitably, and at our interview asked several questions, which, groundless. believing in the friendliness he expressed, I answered fearlessly. He On the following day the threatened blow was struck. The messenger appeared pleased with my presents, and provided a guide. Very different returned from Dair, but without definite instructions respecting my was his treatment on my

return. I was surprised to second visit!

learn that my messenger MEDLI ERRANEAN_SEA On the 20th of March I

had been imprisoned, and to

PORT left Gatira. The road to

hear one of Adara Bille's Gondar was made very un

counsellors say : “ You have safe by numerous predatory CÁIROV

no friend or kinsman here, bands, who were hovering

save God.” I packed up about and plundering tra

all my valuables, and revellers; and on the 23rd E G

solved to steal quietly out of fugitives met us with the

the house at midnight, and alarming tidings that the

if possible to reach the governor had that morning

frontier of Shoa by daybeen killed and his son taken

break. During the day I prisoner. The population

explored the roads in the of the whole plain was in

environs of Gatira. Thr Jeddah

ugh the greatest consternation,

my faithless servant, probevery one removing his pro


A R A B 1 A ably, Adara Bille received perty to a s lace of safety.

information of our intended

Sonakim In the morning came the

flight, and sent for me, tellnews that the enemy was


ing me that the governor of approaching, so I decided

Dair bad nothing to object on returning to the friendly

to my return to Shoa, and Adara Bille.


that I might depart next On the 28th of Marcb,

morning early. I was led we reached Gatira again,

this apparent

away by

ABY GSINTA Aden and i was received by Adara


Gondar Tajurra Bille not only with friendli

I went soon to bed that ness, but with emphatic ex

I might rise very early in pressions of sympathy with

the morning, and was already Sobat my disappointment, and con


asleep, when I was suddenly gratulations upon my escape

awakened by a servant, with

Shambi and safe return; yet when

the command to repair imtwo days afterwards I wished NY AM

mediately to Adara Bille, to leave, he desired me to (Lado Gondokdro

who wished to bid me fareremain until he received


This late invitation MONBU permission from the gover

Duflip Fatiko

rather startled me; but I nor in Dair to send me back ALBERTS

complied without delay, to Shoa, as the King of Shoa


hoping to have done, once had only ordered him to

for all, with the annoyance. send me forward to Gondar,

At the same time, all my but pot back. Vain were

servants, including

the protests. Meanwbile, how

Kilimalijaro LEITA

treacherous one, who was

JAGGA Rabbai ever, I was plentifully sup

USAMBAR lombasa

to take care of the baggage, plied with meat and drink,


were summoned to the and sent a messenger and a

eunyanyembe V Magila

chief's. When Adara Bille letter to Dair; but, as I


saw me enter his chamber afterwards heard, neither

he bowed, and said that he reached their destination, as

was very glad that I had my messenger was thrown

complied with the invitainto prison at the frontier.

tion. He had summoned I made several presents to


me so late, he said, only Adara Bille, thinking that Bangweolo

because on the morrow he perhaps this was what he

should have a great deal of wanted, which were accept

business on hand, and thus

LIVINGSTONIA ed; but when on the 31st 80

could not personally bid of March I again sought

Stanford's Googr. Establ. London.

farewell to his departing permission to leave Gatira, [This Map of Eastern Africa appeared in the GLEANER three years ago, but several friend, whose conversation, he replied that I was not to places have been added in it, to illustrate Dr. Krapf's travels.]

too, he desired once more to








R. Sobat

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enjoy. He then wanted to try on my spectacles; but could not see with the frontier village of Tigre. The way lay through every description of them, as his sight was good. The cunning rascal, too, wished to know what country; fruitful valleys and plains, mountain heights, past desert wilderwas in my boots, and asked me to draw off one, which I did, not to offend nesses; sometimes amid dense populations, sometimes where no human him by a refusal. The conversation was then prolonged, and meat and soul was to be found; and for the most part, we had to beg for food and bread set before us. At last I grew tired of the farce, and was rising to say shelter. Occasionally a Mohammedan would receive us hospitably, occa“Good night,” when Adara Bille rejoined: “Go not yet, my father, I have sionally a Christian ; in the latter case the motive frequently was to not yet sufficiently enjoyed your conversation; nor have you eaten and receive an amulet against illness, or some magical cure from the white drank enough.” After a brief interval I stood up, determined to go home. man; for it is a common belief in Abyssinia that all white men come The chief, too, now rose, went into a little closet behind his bedstead upon from Jerusalem, where they think there is no sickness, and all is plenty which he had been sitting, and that very moment the soldiers fell upon and splendour. When I contradicted these superstitious notions, we me and my people. One seized me by the arm and said : “You are a would sometimes be hustled out of the Christian's house, as Mussulmans prisoner; give security that you will not escape !” At first I thought in disguise, sent to sleep in the open air and the cold, and ordered to that it was a practical joke of Adara Bille to test my courage ; but I soon depart before break of day. A few horse-beans grudgingly given were saw that the Wollo chief was in earnest. I was taken into a little room, often all that we had to subsist on, and once, even to procure them, I had and the contents of my pockets were demanded. As I hesitated, the to sell the girdle of my chief servant. We longed, day after day, for our guards declared that they had orders to kill me forthwith, and my arrival at the coast. Abyssinian cloak was torn from off my back. Upon appealing to Adara At last, on the 29th of April, after unspeakable perils, sufferings, and Bille's justice and friendship, I was answered derisively with the exclama- fatigues, we reached Tekunda, where my miserable and beggarly condition tion: “Out with your treasures ! Death if you conceal the smallest of made no very favourable impression on the Governor. On hearing, howyour goods!” The female slaves, who were grinding corn in a corner of erer, that I was an English subject, and acquainted with Bishop Gobat, the room, began to shriek, thinking that the foreign man was about to be he became a little more friendly, bringing me and my people some bread murdered. Wearied out and full of the saddest thoughts, I lay down on and horse-beans. He listened with great apparent sympathy to the recital the ground to sleep, but sleep fled my eyelids until after midnight. Out of our robbery by Adara Bille, and when it was concluded, he showed me of the depths of my soul I called on the Good Shepherd, the God of all some Mohammedan pilgrims, who had come from Mecca, and who were help, who knows the cares and sorrows of His servants, and who had ever subjects of Adara Bille: “ Take these,” he said ; “revenge yourself on been my trust and support !

them, and spoil them of their clothes.” But I declared that, as a Chris. I awoke with the consciousness of being a prisoner, yet still one whose

tian and a messenger of the Gospel, I could not repay evil with evil, espelise had been preserved by the mercy of Providence. I requested an cially ou that day, Good Friday,* which reminds the Christian that Christ, interview with Adara Bille, as also leave to depart, and necessaries for the Son of God, died for all—the unjust no less than the just, in order to the journey; but he would neither see me nor grant anything, sending reconcile them to God, and to bestow on them the spirit of love and me word that he did not care if I had to beg my daily bread. At length, peace. The Governor assigned to me a spacious dwelling and provisions, however, he sent me three dollars and my worst mule, which I had to dis- so that after long suffering, privation, and severe exertion, I enjoyed a pose of on the road to purchase food and shelter. So, too, my manuscripts little repose, and could solemnise the holy day in tranquillity. -an Amharic dictionary and my diary—as well as my English Testa- At last, after intense fatigue and several menaces from the surrounding ment, were restored. The paper which was not written upon was retained savages, we arrived at Harkiko, on the Red Sea coast, on the 2nd of May. by him, along with 140 dollars, five mules, my watch, the compass, and On the 4th I set out for Massowa along the coast, till I approached near many other valuables.

the island upon which it stands. My feet were swollen, so I adopted the On the morning of the 5th of April I was told that I and my servants Abyssinian fashion of going barefooted. Our subsequent voyage from were to be conducted beyond the frontier by six soldiers of the chief ; but Massowa to Aden lasted fifteen days; and from Aden I proceeded to the route and the direction were not mentioned. In silence and unarmed Suez. I remained in Egypt up to the time of my marriage with my wife, we followed the men, who had spears, shields, and swords. Whatever the Rosine Dietrich, in the autumn of 1812. way, it was a matter of indifference to me, as I had nothing more to lose, I then returned with my colleagues, Isenberg and Mühleisen-Arnold, and in any case, had to journey by a route never before traversed by to Aden, with the intention of proceeding to Shoa ; but we were European. I consoled myself with the thought of Abrabam, to whom informed by the Sultan of Tajurra that he had received written orders God had promised to show the way that he should go, and to be his from the King of Shoa to grant no European an entrance into the inteshield.

rior. All our protests were in vain, and I now wished to betake myself to We met by providential guidance a merchant ming from Totola, who the south, having heard that the Gallas, whose conversion I had had was surprised to see a white man on foot and without baggage. I told at heart since the commencement of my residence in Shoa, extended him what I had suffered at the hands of Adara Bille, adding that I had as far as the Equator. Yet I could not bring myself to take a final heard the orders of the soldiers were to take me to Ali Gongul, the

farewell of Abyssinia before a last experiment had been tried. At i governor under Amade, chief of the Wollo tribe, whose teritory now Aden I resolved, therefore, to proceed to Massowa. From Jasson a began. It struck the merchant as singular that Adara Bille should send I proceeded with my wife through the Shoho land to the frontier us to the governor and not to the chief, Amade, himself. He therefore of Tigre, with a large supply of Amharic and Æthiopic Bibles and advised us to set up a loud cry, on wbich the people in the fields would Testaments. On the way we had to submit to the probation of a come to our aid, and conduct us themselves to their prince, who lived in severe trial; for in the Shoho wilderness my beloved wife was prematurely Mofa on a high hill. We followed this excellent advice; and when we

delivered of a little daughter, whom I christened “Eneba," a tear. I were about half a league from Mofa, observing from the way some country

had to bury the dear child, for she lived only a few hours, under a troe people in a field, we sat down and told the soldiers that we wished to be by the wayside, and her mourning mother was obliged to prosecute her taken to Amade, and not to Ali Gongul. The soldiers were furious and journey on the third day after her confinement, as the Shohos would not brandished their swords; but we called the peasants, and told them the wait any longer, and there was no village in the neighbourhood where she story of our robbery by Adara Bille, and after some resistance the could have enjoyed repose. We arrived safely at the frontier of Tigre, soldiers were obliged to give in, and, with the peasants

, we all repaired and busied ourselves distributing the Bibles. to Amade. After listening to our story, he was angry that Adara Bille

But this last attempt to work in Abyssinia also failed through the should send soldiers through his territory, and ordered them to turn hostility of the priesthood of Adowa, though we had the consolation of back immediately, or he would throw them into prison. Amade gave knowing that we had distributed nearly 2,000 copies of the Scriptures, us permission to go whithersoever we chose, and we were immediately and from first to last, nearly 8,000. My wife and I now returned to set free.

Aden, and thence undertook the voyage to the south-east of Africa. Journeying on first in a north-easterly direction, and then in a north

* "Old Style" prevails in Abyssinia, which accounts for Good Friday falling westerly direction, seventeen days elapsed before we reached Tekunda, so late as April 29th.

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saw the large Mission schoolroom for boys (200), two orphanages (Written after an address by the Rev. H. E. Fox to the C.M.S.

for boys and girls, the Alexandra School-a noble institutioncollectors at Richmond.)

for Christian girls of high caste; most of them were away for “And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold; them also I

their Christmas holidays, but some eight or nine were theremust bring, and they shall hear My voice; and there shall be one flock such bright, intelligent girls. I spoke to them of the inscription and one Shepherd." -JOHN x. 16.

in the Lollard Tower, Lambeth-Jesus Amor meus. The whole

Mission station is full of life.
WANDERED far off on the mountains so cold,

At 4 o'clock we left for Lahore, Mr. Clark and Mr. Weitbrecht
Away from my Stepherd, away from His fold;
But His heart yearning o'er me with tenderest love,

with us in the train. Bishop French met us at the station, and To seek and to save me He came from above.

drove us and Archdeacon Matthew to Bishopstow in his carriage. He sought me, He, found me, and brought to His fod;

The next morning, Dec. 29, the Synod began with early serviceThe half of His tenderness cannot be told;

Holy Communion and part of the Bishop's charge in the ProHe feeds me, and guides me, and lest I should stray,

Cathedral. At 11 o'clock we met, some fifty of us, in a large Has promised to keep me by night and by day.

tent opposite the palace door. The Bishop's opening address His sheep hear His voice, and they follow Him too,

was quite apostolic. I then read my paper on the Christian And ask Him what things He would have them to do.

ambassador. My second paper was delayed till the evening, in He answers-oh! let us attend and obey !“I have yet other sheep' who in darkness still stray;

the Lawrence Hall; it was on the love of Christ and the love of “They are dear to My heart, for them also I died,

His appearing. Edward read a very thoughtful paper on the But still they are wandering far from My side.

spirit of Jesus Christ. The next day began with Holy ComThey know not of Me, or they gladly would come

munion in St. Andrew's. The subjects of the Synod were very And find Me their Shepherd, My safe fold their home. varied, such as, (1) Study of the Lessons other than in Church “O sheep of My pasture, and do ye not care

services; (2) Hill schools ; (3) Lay ministrations; (4) The To bring in these wanderers, your blessings to share ?

Cathedral; (5) Medical Missions ; (6) Mohammedan controI have laid down My life, because 'I must bring,'

versy ; (7) Sustained theological reading. All was full of interest. Will not ye go and tell of your Shepherd and King ?

On Friday we began with the Communion (in Urdu) in the
Oh, wherefore spend money for what is not bread,
When thousands are starving, whom ye might have fed ?

Divinity School Chapel; it was so striking to see some twenty
Ob, wherefore spend labour for that which is nought,

clergy mingling with some thirty Native communicants. The When other sheep'wander, whom ye might have brought ? :) Synod was closed at night by a meeting in the Lawrence Hall, Lörd! we too have"strayed from Thy ways like lost sheep,”

at which I spoke on “Woman's special and most useful work in But help us henceforth Thy commandments to keep ;

India," a subject the Bishop assigned me; though I felt great
Give us “largeness of heart,” give us love, Blessed Lord, scruple in taking it, still I hope a word was given me.
To seek Thy lost sheep, both at home and abroad.

solemn speaking to Mission labourers in the closing hours of the Give wisdom, give patience, give all that we need ;

year. On that the verse we have chosen as our watchword may To Thy guiding voice may we erer take heed ;

be graven on our heart and life, “For me to live is Christ”! Then, crown Thou our labours as Tbou seest best, Till with Thee for ever Thy “one flock” shall rest !

On Saturday afternoon we went to the Shalamar Durbar in

the old royal gardens, four miles from Lahore—a garden of A. J. M.

fountains of waters, which looked so pretty with the throng of

Native gentlemen in gorgeous costumes. At night Mr. Shireff TEN WEEKS IN INDIA.

and Mr. Weitbrecht invited some sixty of the Native converts. Extracts from Letters to my Children during a Winter Tour.

The Bishop sat amongst them as if they were his children, and BY THE Rev. E. H. BICKERSTETY, M.A.,

would have me speak to them while they ate sweetmeats, &c. -Vicar of Christ Church, Hampstead.

On Sunday morning I preached in the magnificent church at

Mian Mir, the military station (they say the finest church in IV.

India), to nearly 1,000 soldiers of the 8th Regiment, the King's BISHOPSTOW, LAHORE, January 4, 1881. Own, and a battery of artillery corps, and in the evening at the T Amritsar the Rev. R. Bateman's servant met us, and Pro-Cathedral on “Go speak to the people all the words of this

we got into one of their Native carriages in the dark, life.” The Pro-Cathedral is an old Mohammedan tomb, built in and the horse again and again refused to go.

How- memory of a dancing girl. Is it not time there should be a ever, at last we drove through the gates of the old Christian edifice ? On Monday I attended the Missionary Con

wall and reached the City Mission-bouse. As I ference for two hours, and then the Bishop drove us to the Fort, gave the driver a rupee (four annas too much) he was furiously the tomb of Runjeet Singh, and the Great Mosque, where the clamorous for more-their way! We found a bright fire and Moslem Commissioner told us two thousand had been praying hot tea, and got to bed for two or three hours, and I came down

that afternoon for Lord Ripon, as they felt so deep a regard for at 8 o'clock to their Native Church Council, which met under him, seeing the Government had helped them to rebuild their the Revs. R. Clark and R. Bateman. Some twenty-seven Native mosque. converts were present, men of high intelligence, and many of

CALCUTTA, January 12, 1881. them of high position, for at Amritsar the Gospel has conquered Since I wrote last from Lahore we have travelled in peace and men of rank. It was the most striking result of Christian safety, embraced with mercy on every side, more than 1,300 Missions I have yet seen. The Rev. R. Clark would have me miles. On Tuesday afternoon, January 4, at Lahore, Bishop address them twice through interpreters. Afterwards we drove French had a large party of Eurasian children whom he would down to the Golden Temple of the Sikhs. Their worship is a have me address after their games and feast, so I made an mixture of Hinduism and Islamism--no idol in the temple, but a acrostic on the name of his palace, Bishopstow, and said a great book (Grunth) covered with a cloth, before which they few sentences to them on each letter, which seemed greatly to make offerings of flowers, fruit, and money. Some rude music delight them. B-beloved; I-industrious ; S-sunny; Hwas kept up all the time. We had to take off

' our shoes and hopeful; 0-obedient; P-peaceable ; S-saintly ; Tếtrustwear slippers before we crossed the marble bridge leading to the ful; o-onward ; and W—watchful. I told them it was the temple, which is built in the midst of a great tank. We also secret of a happy life dug up at Bishopstow. In the evening we

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started for Benares. We had a smooth night, and awoke the Well, now about Benares. You know it is the stronghold of next morning near Umballa to find all the lower ranges of the Hinduism; poor humanity seems enslaved in the bitterest Himalayas in clear view, with their glorious snows glowing in the slavery there. The day we arrived we drove to the monkey sunlight. We kept them in view for two hours, and I confess temple, where there were at least 100 monkeys overrunning it satisfied many longings of my heart at last to have seen “ the every part of it—doorways and roofs, and sculptures and images. ancient Himalays." We journeyed on all the second night in It was piteous to see the devotees as they entered the shrine and the same comfortable carriage, and kind Mr. Hackett, Edward's seemed to pray to the hideous idol, and struck a suspended bell friend, the C.M.S. missionary, met us at Benares at one o'clock ere they went out, their “worship ” done. on Thursday midday, and took us to his pleasant home at Sigra, Thence we went to a lecture by Mr. Hooper in the large one of the suburbs of Benares. His wife is the granddaughter divinity school, on “The image of God being the dignity of of a delightful old lady who has a beautiful estate there, and who man,” in English, but to the learned natives of Benares. There will be 94 in March, but who is as active as if she were 24. were some sixty men present, more than half young men. Mr. She was married at 15, had 18 children, of whom 8 are still Hooper invited discussion afterwards, and I spoke and others. alive, the oldest being her dear “boy” of 75 years. She has Next day we drove down to the Ganges, hired a boat, for which scores of grandchildren and great-grandchildren, and three merry Mr. Hackett told the boatmen he would give one anna hire great-great-grandchildren, having had 169 direct descendants and fifteen annas backsheesh, and rowed down the river. We born to her, of whom 118 are still alive. She has lived all her pulled up close to one of the burning ghâts where they burn life in India, and lost eight of her family in the Mutiny.

the dead. [See picture on page 63.] There were two or three

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