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THE RACES AND PEOPLES
To whom the Church Missionary Society sends the Gospel. out a President. It was resolved at the very first
HE picture opposite is an attempt to represent in meeting to ask William Wilberforce to accept the
one group the “nations and kindreds and people office; but he preferred being a Vice-President
and tongues ” among whom the Church Missionwith others, and the Presidency remained
ary Society carries on its world-wide work. occupied until 1811, when Admiral Lord Gambier was appointed.
India naturally occupies the foreground, seeing He died in 1832, and for nearly three years the post was vacant. that it absorbs nearly one-half of the Society's men and means. Then the Earl of Chichester accepted it, and he has held it Its various types of inhabitants are seen in the centre and on the ever since.
left. The Hindu ladies seated in front we have been obliged to Lord Chichester has been emphatically a working President. bring forth from the seclusion of the Zenana for the occasion. He has only missed one Anniversary Meeting of the Society Certainly they have never been in the presence of so many men (in 1866) in the forty-seven years, and he has presided on every before! And not less unwelcome to them would be the low-caste other occasion except twice,
or rather no-caste mother and in 1848 and 1869, when Arch
child just behind them, who bishops Sumner and Tait re
with the unkempt man bespectively took the chair, on
hind, represent the aboriginal the occasion of their attend
hill-tribes. The Hindu faquirs ing for the first time after
or devotees, also seated, are their elevation to the Primacy.
conspicuous with the marks He has also been a frequent
of their sects on their foreChairman at the meetings of
heads. Behind, we see famithe Committee, and also of
liar types of Indian life, inimportant Sub-Committees.
cluding a Brahmin with his He has not only again and
sacred cord, the symbol of again headed deputations
his caste, and a turbaned from the Society to the
Mohammedan of Agra or Government, but bas con
Lucknow, standing with his stantly conducted more pri
back to us. Behind
the women vate correspondence with the
stands a Parsee of Bombay Foreign and Colonial Minis
with his tall bat; and again ters and others. His counsel
behind, to the left, a Tamil of has been of great value on
Tinnevelly or Ceylon, and a many occasions of difficulty.
Singhalese from the latter In the prolonged Ceylon con
country, the latter wearing a troversy, for instance, he
comb. Towards the centre throughout took a leading
is a group of Afghans; behind part. We cannot better de
them, a Bedouin Arab from scribe our honoured chief
Palestine; and still more to than by extracting some sen
the right, a pair of Persians, tences from his speech at the
the man with a tall hat of a Annual Meeting last year.
different shape. Coming back Referring to the deaths of Mr.
into the foreground, on the Wright and others, he said :
right, we have a familiar group “ These losses speak with a
from China, the mandarin peculiar solemnity and warning
with his back to us, and the to old men like myself. I cannot
Buddhist priest beyond. The expect to be long amongst you,
priest, representing a religion but I do sincerely hope that
rather than a race, may stand there are many young men among you who will come forward to
THE EARL OF CHICHESTER,
for Japan also; and to his fill up these gaps, who will be President of the Church Missionary Society.
right we see the two very prepared to enlist in this great
opposite types belonging to service, and to become indeed and prominently soldiers of the Cross, that “land of the morning," the aboriginal Ainos in front, and fighting under Christ's glorious banner, and carrying on this most the Japanese proper behind. important work of preaching the Gospel to the benighted heathen. And I would remark that missionary work has always been, and prob
Beyond all these rises prominently the typical Negro, heading ably will always be, more or less a 'sowing in tears.' There will always
a large group of Africans of various races and tribes : the Yoruba be bereavements and losses ; there will always be a conflict between the priest with his square cap; the Foulah, with his curls ; and world and the devil; there will always be difficulties, arising from our various figures from East and Central Africa, including Waganda own infirmities and from the perversity, perhaps, of some not very wise warriors with their shields. Beyond again, turning a corner, come persons in raising controversies which sometimes have a very deadening effect upon our zeal and love. But if we 'sow in tears' we shall also
some Maories of New Zealand; and then, in the distance, Red reap in joy.' We have God's promise that we shall do so; in His own
Indians of different North American tribes, with the Esquimaux good time we shall ' reap in joy,' that deep joy which consists in knowing last of all, emerging from a scene unmistakably Arctic. that, through the grace of God, we have been instrumental in bringing From all these varied races of men we hear the old Macedonian some souls—it may be only one soul—to Christ for salvation.”
cry, “Come over and help us"; and from almost all has the The Earldom of Chichester was created in 1801, the previous Church Missionary Society been privileged to bring souls to God. peers with that title being viscounts. The present Earl, Henry It may well say in the Master's own words, “ Behold, I, and the Thomas Pelham, is the third. He was born in 1804.
children which Thou hast given me."
(Continued from page 43.)
thianadhan when he was in England. Such a fine man! Such a capital the money given to the Society had come from the rich and compara- speaker ! tively well-to-do people. By forming Associations, it was hoped, as has Mr. Story. On the River Niger all the clergy are black men. At Sierra turned out to be the case, that the pence of the poor, as well as the pounds Leone, not only are the clergy black men, but they are supported by their of the rich, might be obtained.
own people. Ward.-Do you think that right? It always seems to me a shame to Wilson.-Indeed! that is a good idea. I always fancied that the soask poor people for money.
called converts depended on English subscriptions, not only for their Mr. Story.-Our Lord did not seem to think so when He commended teachers, but also for daily bread. the widow who gave the two mites, nor when He said, “It is more blessed Mr. Story. There could not be a greater mistake. No doubt there to give than to receive”; nor did St. Paul, when he praises the Churches have been times when converts have had to be supported, because by of Macedonia, because “in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their leaving their own religion they have lost their means of livelihood ; but joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality." this is not so when there are a good number of converts. It certainly is
John.-My experience shows that as a rule the poor give more freely not so in West Africa, nor is it so now in any part of India. Travellers than the rich. But about the Associations ?
through Tinnevelly tell us that they know a Christian from a heathen Mr. Story.- The first Association was in Bristol ; and year after year village by its outward prosperity. The Tinnevelly Christians might put the Reports take note of the founding of new Associations.
many English Christians to shame by their liberality. In 1880, the John.—How was that work carried on?
Native Christians contributed to the local church funds £2,500; remember Mr. Story.— The London Secretary and other clergymen and laymen that they are mostly poor, and that wages ar very low, and you will see visited the different places, and told the people the objects of the Society, that this is a very large sum. The C.M.S. urges self-support in all its and what it was doing. They preached sermons, attended meetings, called Missions, and not without effect. Indeed, were it not for the sums given on clergymen to ask them to form Associations, stirred up as far as by those who have become Christians, not half the work done could be possible an interest in the work.
accomplished. Ward.--Well, looking at the matter from a business point of view, it Ward. I think I should have more confidence in the work if I felt was a good plan.
sure that the men sent out to do it were the right sort. I have always Mr. Story.--Certainly it was. But apart from the money raised, think had an idea that missionaries are, as I once read in the Times, “halfhow much good is done by the earnest addresses in pulpits and on plat- educated, common place sort of men." forms of men who have the cause of Missions at heart. I remember that Mr. Story.--Well, no doubt they are not all heaven-born geniuses, nor the assembly room of the principal hotel at Penrith, in Cumberland, used all men of remarkable character, nor all men of deep learning; but, taken to be given gratis by the landlady, because she said she had known so as a body, they would compare well with the home clergy. much good done to souls at missionary meetings. Many a thrilling story John.-I have heard speeches from some of them which I shall never might be told of persons brought to the Saviour by means of sermons forget. preached for C.M.S., and words spoken in private houses by the agents Wilson.-So bave I; but I am afraid not quite as John means ! and friends of the Society.
Mr. Story.--You cannot expect every missionary to be an orator. Do Ward.-All this is very well if the work is worth doing at al. But you know that up to 1880 the C.M.S. had sent out altogether 846 men ? what has been done to justify all this getting of money ?
Of these 78 came from Cambridge, 38 from Oxford, and 35 from Dublin. Mr. Story:- What has been done? How can I teil you a hundredth Many of these had distinguished themselves much at their Universities. part of what has been done?
Fifty of them were graduates in honours. Some were double first class Ward.- If I remember right, Sydney Smith said one reason why it was men ; several were Fellows of their Colleges. John Tucker, French, no use to send out missionaries was that they had no success.
Knott, Hooper, Shirreff, Fyson, are on the Oxford list; and at Cambridge, Mr. Story.--Yes. In an article written in 1809 the reasons he gives Jowett was 12th Wrangler, Haslam 9th Wrangler, Ragland 4th Wrangler, against Missions in India are, (1) that they will endanger our position in Frost 11th Wrangler, Batty 2nd Wrangler and 2nd Smith's Prizeman; India ; (2) that they are unsuccessful. It was rather early then to Sbackell 10th Wrangler, 2nd Class Classical Tripos, and 1st Class Theojudge of their success.
logical. Wilson.-Can you prove that Missions have been successful now? Ward.Where did the others come from ?
Mr. Story.- Easily. Take New Zealand. When Bishop Selwyn first Mr. Story.-89 came from the Basle Seminary; but of these 70 were went out there forty years ago, he found the C.M S. missionaries had for a time at the Islington College. been so much blessed that, in his own words, he saw a whole nation of Ward.---The Islington College ? pagans converted to the faith.” Cannibalism has long since died out. I Mr. Story.--Yes. In 1825 this College, or Institution as it was called, doubt much if Englishmen could ever bave colonised those islands unless was founded. To it we owe many of our best missionaries. Altogether it missionaries had prepared the way. Again : from the recent census taken has given us 350 men, besides the 70 mentioned above. It has also been in Sierra Leone appears that nearly the entire population of 43,000 is very useful in giving special instruction to University men, many of whom nominally Cbristian. The few heathen and Mohammedans to be found bear grateful testimony to the value of the time spent within its walls. there are persons who have come to the colony for purposes of trade. Ward.-Still, we have not quite got to my point. What sort are the You have mentioned Sydney Smith. He wrote au article on Sierra Leone men ? in 1804, and does not even mention the subject of Missions, for the simple Mr. Story.-Well, shall we take time of service as our test ? Archreason that nothing had then been done there.
deacon Cockran was forty years in N.W. America, and never once came Ward.But in both these cases missionaries had to deal with savages. home; Dr. Pfander, the famous missionary to the Mohammedans, was The case is very different when you come to India and China, where you over forty years in the Mission field ; Rev. W. Smith, whose work should come in contact with races held under the bondage of religions which be much better known than it is, laboured forty-four and a half years ; have come down to them sanctified by the lapse of ages.
Rev. C. B. Leupolt, his colleague at Benares, nearly forty-two years. Mr. Story.--But in India there has been great success. Sir Richard He, thank God, still lives, and many in various parts of the country have Temple, in his recent book on India, says that there are not less than heard him plead the cause of Missions. Rev. W. Oakley went out to 400,000 Christians there.
Ceylon in 1835, is still at work, and has never once been home. Ward.--Yes, but what sort of men are they? I have been told that Wilson. These are long spells of labour, and certainly seem to show most of them have come over simply for the sake of gain.
that the men loved their work. John.--I should think that could not be said of all, or nearly all, with Mr. Story.-Yes, and there are others who have shown equal devotion. truth. I have heard some thrilling anecdotes of men who have suffered Rev. H. Townsend has given forty years to Africa; Rev. Joseph Peet much through becoming Christians.
was nearly thirty-three years at work in Travancore. Peet began his Mr. Story:-Yes; I could tell you mary such. Amongst the two ministry in Mavelicara, the very focus of bigotry and opposition. There hundred and thirty Native clergy are to be found men like I mad-ud-din was not then one Protestant convert in the district. When the end came and many others, who have given up all for Christ.
he was at the head of a noble band of Christians, 2,500 in number, the Ward. Two hundred and tbirty Native clergy! Do you mean to seals to his ministry, assembled in eleven substantial churches built by tell me that so many really are clergymen of our Church ?
his exertions, and in numerous prayer-houses. Eight Native clergymen Mr. Story.-Of course I do. I wonder you did not know it. Take the had been more or less under his training, and several of them were his Clergy List, and you will find most of their names. Look at the Diocese spiritual children. He begged to be allowed to go back to India, whence of Travancore, for instance, and you will find the Rev. Keshi Kosbi, the he had returned home for medical treatment, to die amongst his people. Rev. Oomen Mamen, the Rev. Kunengheri Korata, the Rev. Puline- His last days were spent in exhorting converts and workers to contend kanatha Wirghese, and many others. Turn to the Diocese of Mid-China, earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints. and you will see the names of the Rev. Wong Yiu-Kwong, the Rev. John.-I am thankful to hear that so many missionaries have been able Dzing Ts-Sing, and others.
to stay so long at their work. Ward.-- But what sort of men are they?
Mr. Story.--It is a cause for gratitude. But don't for a moment supJohn.-I can answer that in some measure. I heard the Rev. Mr. Sat- pose that these are more really devoted than others who have not been
able to stay so long. Many a man longs to go back to his work, but tion of slaves. Here we find several more parishes with Native is forbidden. The Rev. S. Hasell, who was so well known as the Home Secretary of the Society, offered again and again to return. There are
clergy, and congregations that raise large sums for church and
mission missionaries in England now who would rejoice to return to their mis
purposes; and various Institutions similar to those at Sierra sionary work if the doctors would permit it. I know at this moment more
Leone. Taking canoes along the lagoons that line the coast, or than one whose great cross it is that he is forbidden to resume his work. up the rivers, we come to town after town with congregation “ To wait" is often harder than “ to labour.”
and Native clergyman-Ebute Meta, Badagry, Leke, Ode Ondo, John.—But, Mr. Story, there are many men who have done noble work, for a long time too, whom you have not mentioned.
Abeokuta, Ibadan-6,000 or 7,000 Christians altogether. Mr. Story. Of course there are-Bishops Sargent, Horden, Burdon,
Again steaming on eastward, we reach the mouths of the Moule, and a host of others, some of whom are dead, some still at work. Niger, and, transferring ourselves to the Mission steamer Henry The fact is, if we mentioned them all, our conversation would last till Venn we spend some weeks visiting the dozen stations estabto-morrow morning at least.
lished by Bishop Crowther, in the delta and 350 miles up the Ward.--Well, Mr. Story, I am bound to say that in some degree my doubts are set aside. It really does seem as if God had called England
river-Bonny, Brass, Onitsha, Lokoja, &c.—not forgetting to and England's Church to do a great work for Him.
shake hands warmly with the two African Archdeacons, Henry Mr, Story.-I am glad to hear you say that. Surely, now, you will try
Johnson and Dandeson Crowther. We wonder at the Sunday to help on so great a work. Never was there a time when the call to send congregations, in two or three of the churches above 1,000 Missions to the heathen was so great. China, Africa, Japan, and India
people ; and we do not wonder at the stories we hear of the are open, all needing far more men than we can give. It is almost heartbreaking to think of the earnest appeals for help which come to
devil's desperate efforts to mar the growing work. the C.M.S., and the many refusals which must be given to these appeals.
We should now much like to make up a caravan, and march Wilson. But what can we do? We have not much money; we right away across the Dark Continent; but this is hardly feascan't go out ourselves ; we seem very helpless.
ible yet, so we make the best of our course round the Cape of Mr. Story.—Remember the power of prayer. “Pray ye the Lord of the
Good Hope, passing many flourishing Missions of other societies, harvest that He would send forth labourers into His harvest." Remember that “the silver and gold are His," that He can move the minds of
and, sailing up the East Coast, cast anchor off Zanzibar. For men who possess wealth to give of their wealth. Remember, too, how want of the Henry Wright, not yet at her post, we must suffer St. Paul prays men to pray that “the Word of the Lord may have free the miseries of a dhow to get to Mombasa ; and there, close to course and be glorified.”
the spot where Krapf laid his wife to rest forty years ago, we are John. —Yes, we can pray; but I should like to do more than pray. Mr. Story. So you can. One heart on fire can do great things. It is
astonished at the prosperous and peaceful village of Frere Town. astonishing how great is the effect of individual influence. If we could Here, too, Satan has been busy ; but here, too, the Stronger secure three young men in every parish in England with no more money than he has caught away from him many precious souls. After a and no more influence than you and Ward and Wilson possess, I will flying visit to Rabbai and Godoma, each with its little Christian undertake to say that an immense amount of money could be raised, community, we get back to Zanzibar, and crossing to the mainaye, and many men stimulated to go out into the Mission field. They would know the facts, and teach others. They would feel the duty of
land, begin our long march into the far interior. Mamboia and doing something, and make others feel it too. The longer I live the Mpwapwa are reached in three or four weeks, and at each place an more I see that it is individual effort which does great things in the world. English lady welcomes us, who is winning the affection of all If you three young men will only retail what you have heard, and
around her. Then we press on to Uyui, 550 miles inland ; and still more, so read the publications of the Society that you get to know more and more of the deeply interesting facts which are daily coming
then to the great Victoria Nyanza, across which we must sail for to our notice from all parts of the field, not only we but many whom
200 miles to visit King Mtesa and bid God-speed to our brethren none of us will ever see in this life will have cause to bless God that we at his court. have had this talk about the origin and progress of the Church Mis- How we are to get back again may be a perplexity; but let us sionary Society.
suppose ourselves once more in the Mediterranean, being landed,
through the surf, at the ancient port of Jaffa. It is a delight, OUR MISSIONS IN 1882.
indeed, to take our horses and ride through the Holy Land, UCH has been said in this number of the GLEANER down to Gaza, and then up to Jerusalem, and then across the
respecting the early history of the Church Missionary Jordan to Salt, and then back to Nablous and Nazareth, and to Society. But while it is good to look back to the
see at all these places, and at many villages en route, how the Past, and remember all the way that the Lord our
Society is setting before the bigoted Moslems the truths of a God hath led us, it is with the Present, after all, that
pure Christianity—which, alas! the sadly-degraded Oriental we have most to do. Let us therefore take a rapid run round
churches make no attempt to do. We pass on to Persia, and the world, and view the Society's Missions as they are to-day.
find the infant Mission so bravely founded by Mr. Bruce holding We will first take the steamer from Liverpool to West Africa. forth the light of the Gospel in the midst of dense darkness ; In about a fortnight we are landed at Sierra Leone, where the and then on to Bombay. Society's first missionaries landed seventy-eight years ago. What
Now we are in India. How can we see all the work there? do we see there? We see a peninsula about the size of the Isle of Even if we miss the noble Missions of other societies, those of Wight inhabited by negroes of a hundred different tribes, the de- C.M.S. alone perplex us with their number and variety, and fill scendants of the slaves rescued in the early part of the century. us with thankfulness for their success. From Bombay we go to Forty thousand of them are Christians, or nearly the whole Naşik, with its Christian village of Sharanpur, and to Malegam, population; and of these about half belong to the Church of Eng- and to Aurungabad, each with its Native clergyman. Then land. We find twelve parishes, with churches and schools, all the
we come back, and sail away to Kurrachee, the westernmost ministers of which are Africans ; and the only two white clergy. port of India, and up the Indus to Hydrabad, and find that men we meet are the Principal and Vice-Principal of the College in the great province of Sindh, as large and as populous as at Fourah Bay, where African students earn the Durham B.A.
Ceylon, the C.M.S. is entirely alone, with four missionaries. degree without coming to England for it. We pay a visit also to Taking the new railway we go on northward to the Punjab, and, the Grammar School, with its African Principal, which invests its
conducted perhaps by Bishop French and Robert Clark, visit profits in English funds; and to other institutions.
Lahore with its great Divinity College, and Amritsar with its Not stopping to visit the out-lying Missions in the Sherbro,
many noble missionary institutions, and Mr. Bateman's Christian Bullom, Quiah, and Timneh countries, we go on by the steamer
village of Clarkabad, and Mr. Baring and Miss Tucker at Batala, & thousand miles along the coast to Lagos, now a flourishing
and Multân, and the new Medical Mission on the Beluch British possession, but formerly the great port for the embarka frontier, and the older Medical Missions on the Afghan frontier
Till each renolest nation
From Grein Land's Sey Mountains,
From India's zal trand
, dunny fountains
Their land from coni's chain
Bluseft oer Ceylony Isto
his blindness Bows dawn to word of tone!
fan an we, whose souls are lighted Witt widow from me
high, han we to men benighted
The Lamp of Life deny? -
The paypal bound proelano,
tas learned Mesial's name!
It spreads from Pole to pole!
our randonito naturen,
Jill, ver our
FAC-SIMILE OF THE ORIGINAL MS. OF BISHOP HEBER'S MISSIONARY HYMN.
Asaph, and Vicar of Wrexham, preached a sermon in vicarage, the former requested Heber to write something he added the fourth verse, and, the Dean being inexorable to