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working-parties, &c., &c., as well as the ordinary subscriptions It is quite certain that much more can be done for the Church and donations, the total amount raised is often six, seven, eight, Missionary Society by its own friends. If not one new parish or ten times that raised by the sermons; that is to say, the ever contributed, if not one which now contributes in a halfsermons ought to give a much smaller proportion than one-fourth. hearted way ever moved an inch forward, still the increase Yet in Cheshire, Stafford, Salop, Westmoreland, Monmouth, and might be great in those where the Society is heartily supported. in South Wales, the sermons give one-third or more of the Even of these, only a small proportion are really worked as they whole; and in Middlesex they give 31 per cent.

might be. Without any undue pressure, and without any interComparing the income raised in the various counties with ference with other causes needing help, many a parish might, by their population, we arrive at very interesting results. West- simply setting on foot fresh agencies, double its returns in a moreland sends much the largest contribution, 33s. 1d. for every single year. Is it not worth trying ? 100 souls. Herts and Sussex come next, 26s. 7.d. and 24s. 31d, respectively; and then Gloucester, Hunts, and Somerset, each a little over 20s. Of those under £1 per 100, Rutland SOME OF THE FOUNDERS AND EARLY FRIENDS stands first, 198. 7£d.; then Norfolk, 178. 10d.; Kent, 178. 3d.;

OF THE SOCIETY. Dorset, 16s. 11d. ; Suffolk, Cambridge, and Hants, between 158.

N the next page of this number are portraits of twenty of the and 16s. each. These, it will be seen, include the three counties

leading men in the Society's ranks in the first few years of that have the smallest population in England—Rutland, Hunts,

its existence. A brief notice of them, and of some who Westmoreland ; and evidently the efforts of a few friends in them

worked with them, will not be unacceptable. have lifted up the percentage. Herts is a well-known C.M.S.

In the first line across the top of the page, we see the four

men who, before any others, merit the title of Founders of county. Sussex, Gloucester, and Somerset, owe their position to

the Society. JOHN VENN, Rector of Clapham, son of the great Henry such places as Brighton, Cheltenham, Bristol, and Bath. It is Venn of Huddersfield, and father of Henry Venn, the Hon. Secretary in noteworthy that Norfolk should stand next after these, even before after years, was in the Chair at the inaugural meeting on April 12th, Kent, which has Blackheath, Tunbridge Wells, &c., to swell its 1799, and signed the Committee's letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury.

A very curious illustration of the estimation in which Evangelical clergyfigures. Dorset is unexpectedly good, owing to the good work

men were then held is given by his son Henry. A relative of the then of a few friends in what they themselves regard as a not very Bishop of London was going from Fulham Palace to visit Mr. Venn at fruitful district. But it is surprising altogether to find these Clapham. The Bishop's carriage must on no account be seen to draw agricultural counties in the forefront, and such others as Berks, up at Mr. Venn's door, so it set down the lady at a public-house near, Hereford, Oxon, following next, while the great centres of popu

whence she was fetched to the Rectory by young Henry himself !

THOMAS SCOTT, the author of the well-known Commentary—which has lation come far behind. That such strongholds of the Society

done a noble work, although now in some respects out of date-was as Lancashire and Durham should only give about 78. per 100 Secretary of the Society for the first three years, and preached the first each, considerably less than half the proportion of Cambridge- Annual Sermon on May 26th, 1801. Some of his sayings have often been shire or Dorset, is contrary to atl expectation ; and scarcely less quoted. One was, “I wish to do what I can; I have no money to give, and I so, that Middlesex and Yorkshire, with 10s, 2d. and 9s. 11d.,

cannot become a missionary; but I can labour, and I have a little influence."

Again : “It is our duty to go forward, expecting that our difficulties will should be only half of Gloucester, Hunts, or Somerset. And why

be removed in proportion as it is necessary that they should.” Again : should Stafford give only 4s. 3d.? Evidently the immense “ Those who most pray for us are our best benefactors." growth of the population of late years has baffled the best CHARLES SIMEON, of Cambridge, who, by his work among University efforts to keep up with it.

men, and by his purchases of the patronage of important livings, did perIt is interesting also to notice the relative progress of the

haps more for spiritual religion in England than any other man of his age,

was less identified with the Society than some others, and not being in counties during the last thirty years. In that period the gross London, was not a member of the original Committee. But the moveincome of the Society from all sources has just doubled itself; ment which resulted in the formation of the Society owed its first impulse but the most rapid rate of increase has been in Legacies and to a paper read by him before the Eclectic Society three years before, large Benefactions, and the rate of increase in the returns from

on Feb. 8th, 1796, and in 1802 he preached the second Annual Sermon. local Associations has been 78 per cent.

Josiah Pratt succeeded Scott as Secretary in 1802, and continued in The question now is,

office twenty-two years. Under his vigorous administration the first ninety Which counties show a rate of progress higher, and which a rate missionaries were sent forth; Missions were begun in West Africa, the lower, than this general rate of 78 per cent. ?

Levant, India (North, South, and West), Ceylon, New Zealand, and NorthOf the forty-one counties (Bristol being again taken as a West America; and the income multiplied just a hundred-fold, rising

from £370 to £37,000. separate county), only sixteen exceed the average rate of increase;

The second row of portraits shows us four other of the earliest and most one equals it ; twenty have a lower rate ; three (Cornwall, Rut

active clerical friends of the Society, viz., John Newton, once a slaveland, Wilts), have not increased at all; and two (Monmouth and dealer, then a faithful minister of Christ and author of “How sweet the Worcester), have actually given less now than they did thirty name of Jesus sounds” and other favourite hymns, and a member of years ago. The first of all is again Westmoreland, with an in- the original Committee ; RICHARD CECIL, of St. John's, Bedford Row, crease of no less than 209 per cent. Kent is close behind, with

the leading evangelical preacher of the day, who delivered the third

Annual Sermon; T. T. BIDDULPH, of Bristol, who preached the fourth 205 per cent. Then come Northumberland, 181 per cent. ; Annual Sermon, and afterwards founded the first great Branch AssociaDurham, 177 per cent.; Herts, 171 per cent. ; and then, after tion in that city; and BASIL WOODD, an active member of the original a long interval, Cumberland, 135 per cent., and Norfolk, 134 per Committee, and the first clergyman to make a church collection for the cent. The two metropolitan counties of Middlesex and Surrey,

Society, in his church, Bentinck Chapel, Paddington.

The third row brings before us some of the Society's leading lay friends. together with Devonshire and Notts, follow ; and then Bedford

WILLIAM WILBERFORCE took the deepest interest in the cause from the shire, Hants, Sussex, the only others that have doubled their con- first, and his influence in Parliament and in high quarters generally tributions in the twenty-nine years. Hereford and Derby are the proved of essential service ; and the Society on its part crowned the great remaining two that have exceeded the general rate; and Lan

work of his life in the abolition of the Slave Trade by taking charge of cashire is the one that has just kept abreast of it. But the in

the rescued slaves. HENRY TÆORNTON, M.P., of Clapham, was the

first Treasurer, and held that office sixteen years, until his death. JOHN crease in Ireland far exceeds that of any part of England, being Bacon, R.A., the famous sculptor, was one of the origioal Committee, and no less than 360 per cent., viz., from £1,659 in 1850-51 to a man of singular piety. ZACHARY MACAULAY had been governor of £5,996 in 1880-81. It should, however, be added that the Sierra Leone, and on his return to England in 1801, he at once joined whole of this was gained in the first decade ; and that in the last

the Committee, and was for many years a leading member. He also

wielded an important influence as editor of the Christian Observer. The few years, the Hibernian Auxiliary has been engaged in recover

great Lord Macaulay was his son. ing the ground lost at the time of the Disestablishment.

In the fourth row we find four eminent men who may be called foreign

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on the

scene

friends. The first three were East Indian chaplains. HENRY MARTYN, whose name is universally accorded the first place in the ranks of English

OUR TREASURER, missionaries, was Senior Wrangler, and curate to Mr. Simeon at Cambridge. He offered himself to the Society at a time when an avowed

URING the eighty-three years of the Society's existmissionary was not permitted to land in British India, and his friends advised him to accept a chaplaincy there instead. But he was a member of

ence, it has only had two Presidents and three the first C.M.S. Corresponding Committee at Calcutta. So was DANIEL

Treasurers, and in the case of the latter, the three CORRIE, the real founder of C.M.S. work in North India, under whose

periods of service cover the whole of the eightyauspices the first Mission was begun at Agra by Martyn's convert, Abdul

three years. The first was Henry Thornton, whose Masih. He afterwards became the first Bishop of Madras. CLAUDIUS

name occurs in the preceding article, on the Society's Founders BUCHANAN, another Calcutta chaplain, was the first to advocate, in a pampblet written at the Society's request, the establishment of the

English Thornton, was appointed, who held the office for forty-six years.

and Early Friends. On his deathin 1815, his nephewJohn Episcopate in India ; also to evoke sympathy for the ancient Christian Churches of the East, which led on to the Mediterranean and Travancore He died in 1861, and was succeeded by the present Treasurer, Missions. He preached the tenth Annual Sermon. SAMUEL MARSDEN Captain the Hon. Francis Maude, R.N. was for forty-five years a chaplain in New South Wales, and is justly termed the Apostle of New Zealand. He persuaded the Society to send

Captain Maude is in his eighty-fourth year, although his out men to venture among the dreaded cannibals ; he took them there quick and elastic step is that of a man twenty or thirty years himself; he preached the first Christian sermon there, on Christmas Day, | younger. He was the youngest son of the first Viscount 1814; and he made the voyage

Hawarden, and was born in thither six times, to direct and

1798. There can scarcely encourage the missionaries.

be another man in England In the lowest row we see four most valuable and influential

who can boast that his labourers, who come

grandfather was born in the a little later in time.

reign of Charles II., more ADMIRAL LORD GAMBIER,

than 200 years ago; or that indeed, was a Governor from the first, but it was not till 1811

there are now living 450 that he became the first Presi

descendants of his father, dent. EDWARD BICKERSTETH

that is to say, his own was Secretary from 1815 to

family and those of his 1830, first with Pratt and then

brothers and sisters and in succession to him. No man did more, both by praying and

their children, besides 110 by working, for the Society's

who are dead! The genecause. He went to Africa and

alogy has been printed, and established the Sierra Leone Mission. He trained many of

a very remarkable document the earlier missionaries, who re

it is. Captain Maude well sided in his house as students.

says,

“ Dr. Colenso affirms He travelled all over England

that since Moses and Aaron founding local Associations.

were only the fourth geneAnd at the Jubilee Meeting in

ration from the time of 1848 he delivered his last great missionary speech. DANIEL

Jacob going into Egypt, the Wilson, the elder, was an early

Israelites only increased at member of the Committee, and,

the rate of four generations as Cecil's successor at St. John's,

during their sojourn there, Bedford Row, where most of

and therefore an army of the leading Christian laymen in London then attended, he exer

600,000 fighting men was cised important influence. He

an impossibility. So, as I became Vicar of Isliogton, wbich

am only the second generaparish from that time to this

tion from Charles II., therehas been a centre of C.M.S.inte

fore this nation has only rest. And as Bishop of Calcutta he did a noble work for the

increased at the rate of two spread of the Gospel in India.

generations, and one-half of Úis is the only name that

those present at a recent appears twice on the list of CAPTAIN THE HON. FRANCIS MAUDE, R.N.,

large dinner-party preachers of the Annual Ser

Treasurer of the Church Missionary Society. mon, in 1817 and 1846, the first

amongst the impossibilities time as presbyter, the second

—were, in fact, myths !” time as Bishop. Lastly, Thomas FOWELL BUXTON, upon whom fell the Francis Maude entered the Royal Naval College in 1811, and mantle of Wilberforce, and who followed up the abolition of the Slave Trade by obtaining the abolition of Slavery after many years' struggle, was a warm

went to sea in 1814. He had, however, been afloat before that, supporter of the Society, especially in its West African work; as his son

for when only eight years old, in 1806, the year after Trafalgar, and grandson, the late and the present Baronet, and many other members

he was three months with his brother-in-law, Lord W. Stuart, of his family, have been ever since.

in H.M.S. Lavinia off the coast of Spain. Another reminiscence We wish we could also have given portraits of others : of W. Goode, at he sent only two years ago (June 30th, 1880) to the Editor whose church, St. Ann's, Blackfriars, the first sixteen Annual Sermons of the GLEANER :were preached; of Legh Richmond, author of the Dairyman's Daughter, 1815, I sailed (it was long before steam was invented) from

“ This day sixty-five years ago, June 30th, who preached the ninth Annual Sermon; of Charles Grant, father and son, and James Stephen, father and son, who used their official and Spithead for India with three sets of despatches—Buonaparte's political influence for the cause, and were constantly consulted by suc- escape from Elba, the Battle of Waterloo, and the Peace.' cessive Secretaries; of Bishop Ryder, of Lichfield, the first Bishop to patronise the Society; of William Jowett, the first Univereity graduate for the Church Missionary Society.

Captain Maude has nearly completed half a century of service to go out as an actual missionary, the founder of the Mediterranean

for the Church Missionary Society. He became a member of Mission, and afterwards Secretary of the Society ; Dot to speak of wany

the Committee in 1833; and after his appointment to the less known clergymen and laymen. But their record is on high, and their Treasurership in 1861, he for any years acted as Chairman. works do follow them.

The Society has had no stauncher supporter—no truer friend.

[graphic]

wero

THE SOCIETY: ITS ORIGIN AND GROWTH.

not the High Church principle.” Just as the flower depends on the cha

racter of the root planted, so does a Society on the principles laid down A CONVERSATION.

by its founders. Thank God, the C.M.S. has always been carried on in

accordance with the principles enunciated by Mr. J. Venn. BY THE REV. HENRY SUTTON.

John.--Well, all that he said seems very reasonable, and in accordance

with what we read in the Bible.
OHN.-So you are going to have a meeting for the Church
Missionary Society, are you? Well, I know you are very

Mr, Story.-It was the Holy Ghost who said, "Separate me Barnabas

and Saul for the work to which I have called them." It was "the Lord” fond of that Society. I believe you think the letters C.M.S. the best in all the alphabet. I wonder why.

who opened the heart of Lydia that she attended unto the things spoken Mr. Story.—Well, you see, I like the work the C.M.S.

by Paul. The apostles did not come to Europe till they had a special does, and the way in which it does it. I approve both of

call—"Come over and help us”-and then they assuredly gathered that its principles and practice. I often think its history a wonderful illustra

the Lord had called them for to preach the Gospel unto them. tion of our Lord's assertion, “If ye have faith as a grain of mustard

John.-I suppose that in these days we may consider the special seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed into the depths of

opportunities for doing the Lord's work as a call from the Holy Ghost. the sea, and it shall be done."

I should like to know how the principles thus laid down were carried John.--Indeed! how so? I should like to know a little more about

out in practice. it. Who started it, and when did they start it? What made them

Mr. Story.-It was not without difficulty, you may be sure. Even think of it?

the fourteen good men and trưe who heard Mr. Veon's address were Mr. Story:—That's rather a string of questions, but I'll do my best to

not all ready to take immediate action; and the inaugural meeting of give you a clear and short answer to each. You have often heard of John

the Society, on April 12, consisted of only sixteen clergymen, and nine Venn, Rector of Clapham. He lived from 1759 to July, 1813, and was

laymen. What a contrast to our meetings now! Now we can hardly

find room for those who come. the friend of many good and famous men, amongst them being Richard

We are obliged to limit the number of Cecil, the eloquent Incumbent of St. John's, Bedford Row; Thomas Scott,

tickets. Clergymen from every part of England—we might almost say once a sceptic, afterwards a zealous clergyman, author of the valuable

from all parts of the world--are on our platform. Archbishops, bishops, Commentary on the Bible ; William Wilberforce, who devoted his life

deans, and other dignitaries come as speakers or hearers. So crowded and talents to the liberation of slaves, and doing away with the slave

was the platform last May, that one bishop stood for a long time on trade; Henry Thornton, the well-known banker, who set an example of

the stairs leading up to it. Laymen of the highest standing, peers, liberal giving, at that time rare indeed; besides others. These were the judges, M.P.'s, are present as speakers or hearers. Verbatim reports are men who started the C.M.S.

taken of all the speeches. These are read in remote country parishes, in John.-When ?

far-off lands, by those who help forward the work by their contributions, Mr. Story:-Well, the first meeting was held at the Castle and Falcon, by those who have given their own lives to the work. Yet never was Aldersgate Street, on Monday, April 12, 1799.

there a more important meeting than this of April 12, 1799. John.-What made them think of it?

John.-I quite agree with you. But men of the world would have Mr. Story.—I suppose that most of these good men must have often

thought it a very poor business, and indeed it did seem rather a wild wished to do something for the heathen; but what seems to have brought project. Were there no Bishops or other great men to give the thing matters to a head was a paper read by Mr. John Venn, at a meeting of

a good start ? what was called the Eclectic Society, on March 18, 1799. Its subject was,

Mr. Story.—Not a Bishop, nor a Church dignitary of any sort. At the "What methods can we use more effectually to promote the knowledge meeting in 1799 the first Committee was appointed, viz. :-Rev. W.J. of the Gospel amongst the heathen ? Fourteen members were present.

Abdy, Curate and Lecturer; Rev. R. Cecil, Minister of a Proprietary Mr. Venn opened by insisting on the duty of doing something for the

Chapel; Rev. E. Cuthbert, ditto ; Rev. J. Davies, a Lecturer ; Rev. Henry conversion of the heathen, and then went on to give reasons why the

Foster, a Curate and Lecturer; Rev. W. Goode, a City Rector; Rev. John clergy could not join the London Missionary Society, which had been

Newton, ditto; Rev. G. Patrick, a Curate; Rev. Dr. Peers, a suburban founded four years before.

Rector; Rev. Josiah Pratt, a Curate and Lecturer ; Rev. Thos. Scott, John.-Do you know what those reasons were ?

Minister of a Proprietary Chapel ; Rev. John Venn, a suburban Rector; Mr. Story.-Well, the report of the meeting is very meagre, but no

Rev. Basil Woodd, Minister of a Proprietary Chapel. doubt the main reason was that the London Missionary Society was not

john.- Were those thirteen clergymen all ? formed as a Church of England Society. Mr. Venn was a good Church

Mr. Story.Except some laymen, whose names I'll tell you directly. may, though not High Church. He believed that our Church system is

Even of these, two had soon to resign through ill-health, Mr. Cecil and in full accord with Apostolic teaching and practice. He wished the Gospel

Mr. Patrick, and they were replaced by Rev. S. Crowther and Rev. to be carried to the heathen by those who can heartily subscribe to the

H. G. Watkins, two City Incumbents. Thirty-nine Articles, who approve of both the doctrine and discipline of

John.-Samuel Crowther! Why, he's the black Bishop, isn't he? our Church,

Mr. Story.—Yes; the Bishop of the Niger's name is Samuel Crowther. John.—But had the Church of England no Missionary Society at

But, of course, the name is English, and he got it from this good clergythat time? I always thought that the S.P.G. and S.P.C.K. did mission

man, who was so soon elected a member of the Committee. ary work long before the end of the last century.

John.-I should like to know about the laymen. Mr. Story.The best answer to that question is to be found in the

Mr. Story.-Of them there were eleven :-John Bacon, R.A., an emisecond resolution passed at the first meeting of the C.M.S., which, as I have

nent sculptor; John Brasier, merchant; W. Cardale, solicitor; Nathan already told you, took place on April 12, 1799. It runs thus :—" That as

Downer, merchant; Charles Elliott, in business; John Jowett, in business;

F. Ambrose Martin, banker; John Pearson, surgeon ; Henry Stokes, it appears from the printed Reports of the Societies for Propagating the Gospel and for Promoting Christian Knowledge that those respectable

merchant; Edward Venn, in business; William Wilson, in business. Societies confine their labours to the British Plantations in America and

None of them, except the sculptor Bacon, men of special note. The kind to the West Indies, there seems to be still wanting in the Established

of man he was you may gather from this fact. He had erected monuChurch a Society for sending Missions to the Continent of Africa or the

ments of great celebrity in the Metropolitan Cathedrals: to Lord Chatham, other parts of the heathen world.”

in Westminster Abbey ; to Dr. Johnson, in St. Paul's; to Henry VI., in John.—You said when we began this conversation that you liked

Eton College; to Judge Blackstone, in All Souls', Oxford ; but he ordered the principles of the C.M.S. I often hear that sort of thing. I wish

by his will a plain tablet for his own grave, with this inscription :you'd tell me what they are, and how they came to be what they are.

WHAT I WAS AS AN ARTIST Mr. Story.--In his paper the Rev.John Venn laid down these principles

SEEMED TO ME OF SOME IMPORTANCE as those which ought always to be kept in view. (1) Wbatever success is

WHILE | LIVED; expected must be expected entirely through the influence of the Spirit of God. His agency must enlarge the hearts of Christians. His providen

WHAT I REALLY WAS AS A BELIEVER IN JESUS CHRIST tial guidance must lead the way and open the door. God's providence

IS THE ONLY THING OF IMPORTANCE TO ME must be followed, not anticipated. (2) All success will depend upon the

NOW. kind of men employed. They must be men of the apostolic spirit, such as Brainerd, men not careful about the things of this world. (3)

John.-Ah! that was a right sort of man. I don't so much wonder at It is far better to commence a Mission on a small sca'e, and let it grow

the success of the C.M.S. if men of such a spirit started it. But what did according to circumstances, than to make great attempts at first. He

the Committee do when it was formed ? added, One important point to be considered respects the general

Mr. Story.-I think we must put off that subject till to-morrow. character of the Mission. It ought to be founded on the Church principle,

John.—There are two young fellows in my office-Wilson and Ward

who never will come near a missionary meeting, and rather laugh at me * The only exception was the Danish Mission at Tranquebar, then under for attending. I should like them to hear what you have to say about the the care of S.P.C.K.

history of the C.M.S.

BUT

Mr. Story.--Bring them here by all means. If I invited them to tea for wrongs done to the chiefs by the master of the vessel. China was do you think they would come ?

shut, for in China the foreigner was bated. Of Africa how little then was John.—I'm sure they would, gladly.

known! Krapf and Rebmann had not yet startled geographers by news of (Next Wednesday the three came to the Rectory. After tea John snow-clad mountains in that land of the burning sun. Grant and Speke, at once began to speak about the C.M.S.)

Livingstone and Stanley, had not yet taught the world that in Africa John.--Now, Mr. Story, I wish you would tell us something about the there are to be found dense populations, where ignorant geographers C.M.S. My friends here don't much believe in Foreign Missions. asserted all was a barren waste. Only ten years before the Society was

Wilson. -Oh, it's too bad to say that. The fact is, I've never thought founded had Alexander Mackenzie, a clerk in the North-West Fur Commuch about the matter, and I confess I think missionary sermons and pany, explored the river which now bears his name, and so gained some missionary meetings generally dull affairs. The preachers seldom tell one acquaintance with the remoter parts of North-West America. Japan, of much about the work, only exhort us to give without showing much course, was absolutely closed against the foreigner. cause why we should give.

Wilson.— Doesn't all that make against your notion that God's proviWard.-Well, I'm bound to say that I don't like Missions to the dence was leading the way? heathen. I see plenty of heathen here, and till they are converted it Mr. Slory.-Wait a minute. There was one place to which attention seems absurd to go abroad.

at this time had been specially drawn. The efforts of Wilberforce to stop Mr. Story.- I wonder how it would have been with England if your the slave trade had drawn attention to the West Coast of Africa. The ideas had always prevailed ? But, of course, as you don't care about Sierre Leone Company had published a Report in 1794, giving an interestconverting the heathen abroad, you are very active about converting the ing “Account of the Native Africans in the Neighbourhood of Sierra heathen at home?

Leone.” The Committee thought that amongst these tribes it would be Wilson.--Ah, as to that, I'm afraid neither Ward nor I do much. well to begin the work. Accordingly, in 1804, Messrs. Renner and John, here, does help in the Sunday-school, the night-school, the special Hartwig went forth to labour amongst a tribe called the Susoos, the same services, and I don't know what, but we-well, the least said soonest people whose language the Committee had been working upon. Aftermended.

wards a Mission was begun amongst the Bulloms. But both these had to john.-Any way, Mr. Story, I wish you would tell us how the Society be given up, owing to the hostility of the slave-dealers, by whom some of began its work. I have already told my friends what you told me. the Mission buildings were burnt down.

Mr. Story.-If you young men won't think it tedious I will answer Wilson.-Then, after all, it does not seem as if God had opened the that question by reading you a few sentences from the first

way. i Report of the Committee delivered to the Annual Meeting held May 26th,

Mr. Story.-Yes, it does; for the missionaries were thus led to concen1801, at the New London Tavern, Cheapside.

trate their efforts upon Sierra Leone, where great numbers of the slaves “Information and knowledge

members of the Committee being

rescued by British ships were gathered together. There the missionaries absolutely essential to the wise discharge of the trust reposed in them, their bad British protection. There they had liberated slaves from a vast first step has been to procure those publications which relate to the history of variety of tribes. There they began a work which has resulted in blessing, Missions, which point out the difficulties encountered, or display the success not only to the people of Sierra Leone, but to tribes in remote regions of obtained, in the various attempts made to propagate the Christian faith ; or Africa. which describe the nature of the country in which Missions may be established,

John.-But you must tell us how the money was got. and the religions, prejudices, and customs of their inhabitants. By the increase of books of this kind a valuable Missionary Library will be formed."

Mr. Story.-At first it was little enough. The early balance-sheets are

rather amusing. And yet they showed what I wish we could always show John. --So that was the beginning of that big Library I saw in the now, a balance on the right side. More was got than was spent. But I C.M. House, Salisbury Square, last time I was in London ?

find that in the sixth year the balance was pretty low. However, year by Mr. Story.--Yes; but this was not all. To get information was one year there was a steady increase up to the year 1813, when the total thing; but they wanted to stir men up to active co-operation. The income amounted to £3,046. In 1814 the income was £10,793. Report goes on to say

John.-- What a jump! How do you account for such a sudden rise ? * Their next object has been to engage the attention, prayers, and co

Mr. Story.- The year 1813 was a remarkable year in the history of operation of a number of fellow-labourers in their important work. For this

Mis-ions. In that year news came to England of the death of Henry purpose they have opened a correspondence with a very considerable number Martyn. No man ever did more to rouse enthusiasm for Missions than of pious clergymen in almost every part of this kingdom. From these they did he by his self-denying life and martyr's death. hope to receive advice and assistance, and by these they trust that proper Ward.–Martyr's death! How was he a martyr ? persons will be recommended as missionaries, men who have lived under the

Mr. Story.-He fell a victim to his intense labours, which had greatly eye of their pastors in Christian sobriety and vigilance, and approved themselves as faithful disciples of Jesus Christ."

weakened à naturally feeble frame ; but the final touch was given by

the long journey through Persia and Armenia ; and when he lay down Ward.-At any rate, whether the work was worth doing or not, the to die by the roadside none could regard him as less than a martyr. Committee showed good sense in the way they set about it.

But not only did his death awaken attention to Missions and quicken Mr. Story:-Don't you think God the Holy Ghost must have guided zeal. In the same year the Rev. John Venn was called to his rest. But them? Why should they have cared to enter upon such work? What more important than all in that year, vigorous efforts were made to remove worldly end had they to gain ? Now the work is a big work, and it is in the restrictions which had hitherto prevented the free access of Christian some degree fasbionable. Not so then. Who inspired them with quiet missionaries to the heathen millions of India. wisdom ? Who gave the spirit of patient waiting? Who enabled them John.—You don't mean to say that missionaries were not allowed there to form sensible plans ? Surely we may see God's hand in all.

before that time? Wilson.—I have always been rather sceptical about special providence, Mr. Story. They were not at that time. For many years the East but I like to see how a big thing grows from a small beginning, and I India Company had excluded them jealously. The few who were there should like to hear more.

were obliged to keep in Danish territory. But in 1813 no less than 837 Mr. Story:-They next point out the need of knowing the language, petitions were presented in the House of Commons in favour of the if missionaries are to do much good. They saw the importance of introduction of Christianity into India. Lord Castlereagh introduced the press, and determined to print in different languages parts of the resolutions in accordance with these petitions, and spite of fierce oppoScriptures, and tracts conveying in a popular way the rudiments of sition, they were affirmed by a majority of 53. Christian knowledge; and they began with Susoo, an African language Ward.- I don't see how that bears on the large increase in the Society's not as yet written.

funds. Ward.-But I should like to hear how the Society began direct Mr. Story.-Ah ! how God works. When He gives opportunity, He missionary work. When were the first missionaries sent out? Where gives mon power to take advantage of it. Whilst the death of Martyn did they go?

had stirred men's hearts, and the open door in India was causing many to Mr. Story. It was not easy to know where to begin. I look back with think what could be done there, a new plan for getting money had been wonder to those first reports. A Committee with hardly any money, no devised, just when needed. The Society, though in 1813 it had only three men, and at first no place to send them to, if they had both men and stations and six missionaries, yet had got into debt to the amount of money! What could it do? It could but go on step by step, following £3,000. How could it face the future? How could it enter into the opeu God's guidance.

door in India ? Not by sitting still, but by prayerful effort. And it was Wilson.-God's guidance ? How?

in this year that our system of Associations was commenced. Mr. Story.--You 'll soon see what I meao. Think of the world as it was John.--What do you mean by an Association ? then. India belonged to England, but the East India Company would • Mr. Story.--Well, the word in some degree explains itself. A number have no missionaries in India. New Zealand was a land of cannibals, of persons band themselves together to promote the interests of the C.M.S., The Mission determined on in 1809 could not be commenced till 1814. and thus form an Association. A properly constituted Association has a Three lay agents were sent out in the former year, but no ship dare land Committee, President, Secretary, and Treasurer. Up to 1813, nearly all them, for the crew of the ship Boyd had just been murdered in revenge

(Continued on page 46.)

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