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the parents know quite well that all the teaching begins and and blessed just such babes as these. At Hamameh, a village ends with Christian instruction. I believe that the pivot on between Ashdod and Ascalon, the mothers brought their babies, which all the success turns is the dispensary, where Mr. and were most anxious that we should take them in our arms, Schapira, aided by a Native doctor, daily prescribes, free of all and lifted them up to us on horseback. One little one, rather cost, what medical aid he can; and never does a patient go away cleaner than the rest, was caressed, to the mother's unbounded without a loving word of counsel and aid for his soul, and if he delight. I believe these people had never seen European women can read, or has children at home taught in the Mission schools, before, and therefore all the female population gathered round a little tract or leaflet in

our horses, touching our Arabic. Close to the dis

gloves, which astonished pensary is a reading-room,

them much, and staring at where many of the Arab

us with the amused look gentlemen, and occasion

of people at a show. Here, ally Turkish officers, come,

also, a strong desire for a and where they can see the

school has been expressed. newspapers of the country

To the south of Gaza as well as Bibles and books

there are no towns or vil. of all kinds supplied by

lages. The rich and fertile Mr. Schapira. Every one

plains are inhabited by is given a little tract or

Bedouin Arabs, whose

, book to take away, and

black camel's-hair tents they seem to take the

were a most picturesque greatest interest in talking

feature. On these plains, with Mr. Schapira and

which are now well cultidiscussing the doctrines of

vated, are the wells of Christianity. This read

Gerar, about two hours ing-room is an effort in

ride to the south of Gaza. quite a new direction, and

Here we counted about seems so far to have been

eighteen shafts of ancient remarkably useful.

wells, doubtless those over The work among the

which the herdmen of Isaac women promises very well.

and of Gerar strove. Mrs. Schapira is about to

As we returned to Gaza, open a sort of " mothers'

after making this excurmeeting," where the poor

sion, we rode to the top women will be taught use

of the hill outside Gaza, ful sewing, while from their

to which, tradition says, Christian sister's lips they

Samson carried the gates may listen to those words

of the city. This is proof guidance and help, and

bably true, as it is the only be pointed to that Saviour

hill which could be said to of whom they cannot hear

be "before"

or opposite in any other way. Christian

Hebron. We had a fine friends in England are

view of the rolling plains helping in this work, which

to the south, and the hills cannot be self-supporting

of Judæa to the north. till the women's work is

east, whither we were now suitable for sale among

bound. the rich Moslem ladies of Gaza.

THE EPIDEMIC AT As yet there are no out

AMRITSAR. lying schools in the many

MRITSAR has been villages of Philistia, but as

visited by a terrible we passed through one and

epidemic. The Rev. another of them on

R. Clark writes: way south, the appeal for a

Between the 15th August and

the 15th October 10,000 people teacher met us constantly.

have died in the city alone, i e, Mejdel, a large village

out of 150,000 inhabitants. close to the ruins of Asca

30,000 have left the city, many

of whom will, we bope, returr. lon, is especially anxious

God's goodness to our Christians for a school, and it is to be hoped that the readers of the has been wonderful. Though they are scattered up and down the city, and GLEANER, and others interested in the work of the C.M.S., will

though four or five children have died, yet, as yet, not one adult Christian

has died. About eleven girls in the Alexandra School are well; and Miss make it possible for the Society to respond to such an appeal. Smith, the matron, who has been with them during the whole year, is well Among the unsophisticated villagers there is far less of the bitter also. The forty or fifty girls in the adjoining Orphanage School are well. feeling of enmity to Christianity than in the towns, and the sight

The Orphanage boys have a few cases of ordinary fever, but are fairly well.

Miss Margaret Smith and Miss Hewlett, who returned from the hills in the of the sweet black eyes beaming through the unwashed faces midst of the crisis, and who have gone about in the city heroically succouring made one long that these little ones might be gathered into a

both Christians and Hindus and Mohammedans, have both of them been ill,

but are better. Miss Clay, who has been itinerating in the villages during mission school and be led to the Saviour, who took in His arms some of the worst part of the epidemic, is fairly well.




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down. Canoes were leaving thick from both branches of the river, flying THE MISSION AT PORT LOKKOH.

different colours, shouting and making a noise. When all approached the ORT LOKKOH is not, as its name would imply, on the sea

place they stayed at a respectable distance awaiting the priest, for none

dared to touch the sacred precincts before him. As he landed all rushed coast, but is an important town some forty or fifty miles

in confusion, and each contended to be foremost. The gathering could inland from Sierra Leone, where the Society has a Mission not be under four hundred. The ceremony commenced by the people to the Timnebs, one of the largest Mohammedan tribes in being summoned to bring together all they had brought; and two sheep, West Africa. The place has been thrice occupied. First,

one from each side of Port Lokkoh, fowls, rice, and kola nuts, were prefrom 1840 to 1850, by Mr. Schlenker, who died in Germany last year ;

sented to the officiating priest.

Some of the rice they pounded into flour and made into lumps. This, afterwards by Mr. Wiltshire, a Native clergyman, from 1855 to 1860; and

with the two sheep, fowls, and kola nuts, they carried to a place where again in 1875 by the Rev. A. Schapira, who has since been transferred to

two rocks meet, and slaughtered the animals and presented them to the Gaza in Palestine. The English missionary now in charge is Mr. J. A. deity. Alley, who is assisted by a Native agent, Mr. Taylor. Although the The religious part of the business was very brief, and few cared to see it missionary staff is small, the work is of a many-sided nature, and has been done. That over, all flocked to have their portion of rice and meat, for

fires had been kindled and the pots were humming with boiling water. vigorously carried on. There are English services for the Sierra Leone Native

No one was to taste of the sacrifice before the priest had presented the traders, a class for communicants, a church membership class a Sunday. portion peculiar to the deity, viz., the heads, livers, and lungs of both school, a week-day school, and itinerating work in the surrounding Timneh sheep. His

portion they place in the hollow between the rocks, and that towns and villages. “I am thankful

he might sbare in the jollity that into say,” Mr. Alley writes, “ that I have

fested his abode a bottle of spirits was

added. At the same time a white hen been privileged to declare God's mes

was cast adrift on the river, sage to three heathen Timneh kings,

By this time the people were enjoyand to one Mohammedan Timneh king

ing themselves. We pass over the and to their people during the past

rough cookery and still rougher feedyear; and I was much encouraged by

ing. It is a wonder how fast those

bushels of rice disappeared. They ate the former receiving the Word, and by

the sheep skin and all. their promising to live according to its

Whilst the feast was going on the precepts."

woods resounded with the booming of Our illustration gives the portrait of

guns and the thumpiog of drums. All the alikali, or king, of Port Lokkoh

were in Ligh spirits. They seemed to

have been assembled to forget their itself, with two of his wives and a

trials and anxieties for awhile. Native servant. The king and his

I conversed with a few steady ones ; chiefs are staunch Mohammedans,

told them what a Christian would have holding fast to Mohammed and the

done under similar circumstances, and Koran, and the majority of the com

showed the inconsistency of their con

duct with the demands of the occasion, mon people, either from fear or dis

and pointed to the only source of help inclination, do not care to put tbem

and protection in all times of adverselves under religious instruction,

sity. although, says Mr. Alley, “they hear

The sacrifice over, most of the printhe bell several times on the Lord's

cipal men were returning, and with Day, and also see our Union Jack

them most of the people, although

reluctantly, for a great quantity of rice hoisted to remind them of the day.”

semained, and nothing of the offering There is, however, a small congregation

was to be taken back, yet many of them of Christian emigrants from Sierra

were returning to starve with their Leone settled at Port Lokkoh, from

families at home, whose influence Mr. Alley hopes great

Port Lokkoh is another of the things.

“Missions seldom heard of” to which For the past two years Port Lokkoh

we referred a few months ago. Mr. and the neighbouring towns have been

Alley's solitary post and unpromising kept in a state of agitation by attacks

field of labour may well awaken our and threats of war from hostile tribes.

prayerful sympathy on his behalf. About two miles from Port Lokkoh, at THE ALIKALI, OR KING, OF PORT LOKKOH, WITH TWO OF a place called Old Port Lokkob, there

HIS WIVES AND A NATIVE SERVANT. is another mission station where until lately a Native agent, Mr. W. C. Morgan, was employed. Several "pala- SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHERS IN MANITOBA. vers” or debates (see GLEANER vol. for 1874, page 103] were held, and IXTY years ago, the Society began work in the Red River district, their oracle consulted by the natives, to discover the cause of the dis- North-West America, then a desolate wilderness. Now it is the turbed state of the country. The following amusing and yet saddening centre of the thriving colony of Manitoba. The congregations account of the result of their deliberations has been sent home by Mr.

connected with the C.M.S. consist partly of settled Indians and partly of

the mixed race of European and Indian half-breeds. _At St. Andrew's, Morgan :

Red River, the latter class predominate. The Rev. R. Young thus writes The reply from the oracle came, and it happened to coincide with the of the Sunday-school there :dream of a chief, viz., that the tutelary deity of the country was offended

I must mention our Sunday-school superintendent, a stout young farmer, on account of their neglect, as for ten years no public sacrifice or worship who is a tower of strength to his pastor; as also the hearty and willing supbad been performed to him. The alikali accordingly convened an assem- port of those who are banded with him in this noble work. Yesterday was bly at which it was decided to propitiate the deity by a public sacrifice. sufficient to try their love for the work : a blinding snowstorm, with a keen

This god is supposed to dwell at Samarank, a forest about fifteen wind from the north, as only the wind can be in such regions as these, and minutes rowing

distance from Port Lokkoh. Samarank in the Timneh sealing up the Red River for the winter : and yet, after a very busy week of language signifies elephant stones.

preparation for the winter, and after attending to their cattle on Sunday

morning-no slight work in this pastoral country- they walked a mile, and The festal day arrived. At 10 A.M. the chief of Old Port Lokkoh sounded his tabali , or drum used in calling assembly. Immediately Port

were at morning Sunday-school at 9.30 P.M. After service they returned to

their homes, and snatching some dinner, faced the blast and driving snow on okkoh was astir. People from every direction flocked to the wharves

foot for two miles in the opposite direction, and on reaching the little church with their offerings of rice, fowls, and kola nuts, trying to get a passage for afternoon service, there they were hard at work among their scholars.

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HIGH SCHOOL. “My Presents shell g) with thee, and I will give the rest.”Eroil. xxxii. 14.

Letter from the Principal to the Editor of the Gleaner. St. Zilbai's.

S. Bach.


August 31st, 1881,
Y DEAR EDITOR,—I have been reading Galatians with

my boys the last few weeks, and have been very much
interested in noting how they seemed to appreciate and
grasp the glorious truth which the Apostle therein so

strenuously insists on. And having given them an Examination on it, I thought it would interest you to see the answers, as you once before inserted some answers that Mr. Poole sent, in the GLEANER of June, 1880. And as I have asked for special prayer for the School, perhaps their publication may be the means of kindling a yet deeper interest in these dear young men whom I love so much, and who I think love me, or at any rate know that I love them. The very fact that so

many of them have such an intelligent and clear mental grasp of the 1.

3. HOLY FATHER, hear me ;

Comforter benignest,

truth of the Gospel only makes us the more anxious that they should Thou art my Defender;

Tabernacling in me,

embrace the Saviour who has brought it to them as to us. That so few Be Thou ever near me,

Thou my need divinest : Loving, true, and tender,

Move me, draw me, win me.

do really come out and confess Him whom in their hearts they do believe 2.


in, is one of the severest trials that a missionary has to endure. Need I Jesu, blessed Master,

Holy, Holy, Holy,

add that it is often rendered doubly severe when remarks are made by Lord of life and glory,

Come and leave me never, Bid the hours fly faster,

Thine abode most lowly,

Cbristian friends of Missions at home which would seem to imply that Till I kneel before Thee.

Only Thine for ever. Amen, success is only to be measured by the number of converts one can actually

claim to have baptized. I was much pleased with some thoughts you THE CHRISTIAN INDIANS OF HUDSON'S BAY.

published in the GLEANER early in the year, of Canon Richardson's, on

the need of patience in a missionary. In speaking to my class the other From the Rer, G. S. Winter's Annual Letter,

day on Gal. vi. 9, I remarked that that was especially for me in reference York Factory, August, 1881.

to my work among them, alluding to the temptation to grow weary in HAVE just made my first missionary journey to Severn. Bishop waiting for a harvest of souls as the fruit of our labours. Horden left instructions with me to visit Churcbill this year, but We have some tokens for good even now, and trust that He which hath

I had to change my plan. The Indians, having heard in the begun the good work will perfect it. Many have confessed to me of late winter that I should not visit them, bad left the fort before I arrived. Within a day or two the news reached them, and they came in. Morn

that it is not through any want of conviction, but simply through fear ing and evening they assembled in the house of prayer. They were most

of the consequences-fear of man—that they do not openly confess Christ. earnest in their worship of Almighty God, and very attentive in listening Surely this cannot, must not, be a permanent state. How it calls for to His blessed Word. On some occasions there was not a single absentee. . “ agonising” (in St. Paul's words), by prayer and diligent effort, in All the mothers would come with their crying babies, even if they had to season and out of season. leave during the service. Scarcely any of them possess a Prayer-book, nevertheless I used mine, and from their previous knowledge they were

One boy, whose paper otherwise was not one of the best, gave what I able to respond beautifully. The longer I remained the larger the con

consider a beautiful answer to No. V. (6): Explain “ The law was our gregations grew, until at last the church was quite full.

schoolmaster.” Ans.: “ The duty of the law is to commit us to the care The gentleman in charge of Trout Lake came to Severn with his three of faith."

E. NOEL HODGES. crews. They likewise all attended the house of prayer as often as they could. On the third Sunday a few of the Lord's children gathered

QUESTIONS ON THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS. around His table, both at the English and Indian services. I taught I. Where was Galatia ? State what you know of its population in the time them several new tunes; one boy was particularly quick in picking them of St. Paul. What evidence have we to determine the date of this Epistle? up. They all seemed foud of Songs and Solos.

II. Give an accurate summary of the contents of the Epistle, and account am thankful to tell you that the people here at York manifest the

for the vehemence of its style. same diligence in attending their “praying house," as hitherto. None

III. Explain as clearly as you can the allegory of Hagar and Sarah. will remain away unless absolutely compelled to do so.


I have often been surprised to see so many in church, when the thermometer re

V. Explain

The law is fulfilled in one word." gistered sixty and seventy degrees of frost; and again when the rain has

“I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus.” been co:ning down in torrents.

“A little leaven," &c. My dear wife and myself have given as much time as we could in

“ The law is not of faith." instructing the children in the day-school. We have already seen en

“Bear ye one another's burdens," and "Every one shall bear His own couraging results. Considerably more than half are able to read and

burden." write; some very well indeed. The girls always look very tidy in school.

“ The law was our schoolmaster." Each one has either an apron or pinafore, which they put on when entering, and take off and replace in the cupboard before leaving. Each

SPECIMENS OF THE ANSWERS. girl has also a handkerchief for the neck. But we hope to see them still [We have not space for all the Answers kindly sent by Mr. Hodges, but neater when the ship comes. A kind friend has sent out a number of subjoin a few.] dresses, which she says are expressly for our school children. We also Answer to Question II. by N. Viranagacharyalu :hope to get some jackets and trousers for the boys, so that they may be able to keep company with the girls. Having discovered in the spring

1. He proves that his apostolic commission was independent of the twelve.

2. That it was commissioned by Jesus. that very few of the younger children were able to read their own lan

3. He states his history after the conversion, guage, we decided upon giving one day a week for that purpose. In the 4. Justification by faith and not by law. summer I employ an Indian teacher, but for about two hours each day 5. The allegory of Hagar and Sarah. my dear wife and self take an English class.

6. His conclusion, The singing is a very encouraging feature, as the children are so fond

7. In the first two chapters he vindicates his apostleship and proves to be of it. Accordingly I have very little trouble in teaching them a new

false all the charges brought against him by the Jews. tune. They are also able to learn anthems, which at first I thought Answer to Question II. by B. T. Narasimha Charnhi :rather doubtful. They have learnt all the tunes, and almost all the words in the service of song, entitled Jessica's First Prayer. This we hope to

The Epistle may be divided into three parts : give at our annual concert at Christmas.

1stly, The Apostle, after expressing his wonder that the Galatians had become so soon unsettled on the most important doctrines of the Gospel, vindiin the Mutiny.



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cates his apostolic authority and the independence of his mission; then he Jubbulpore in November, to seek Mr. Hodgson, but found that says that he received his knowledge of his Christian truth not at second hand through man, but directly from Christ Himself. So that he was able to set

he had not returned, so we went on to Miss Branch and Miss Peter right when the latter showed some symptoms of wavering.

Williamson, two Church of England Zenana Missionary ladies, 2ndly, He treats dogmatically of the great doctrine which the Judaising who most kindly constrained us to leave our hotel and come to party assailed. He appeals to the Galatians' own experience, who had received the gifts of the Spirit, not through the law but by faith. He enlarges upon

their house, which we did on Saturday evening, and stayed till the case of Abraham, who had been justified by faith long before the law was Monday evening. given ; as for the law, it was interposed between the promise to Abraham and

After breakfast on Monday we drove eleven miles to the its fulfilment in Christ for a special promise that men might be convinced of their sin, but it never was meant to give life; the state of the few under the

famous Marble Rocks. The country was lovely, the villages ceremonial law was a state of pupilage, and this has now grown to the man- most interesting, especially one large one called Gurka, full of hood of the Gospel ; Christ has redeemed us from the yoke of the law, and in activity and handicraft-weaving, brass-fashioning, carpentering, Him we are complete.

Oh! were it 3rdly, It comprises the practical admonitions, not to abuse this Christian &c., all in verandahs at the doors of their houses. liberty, and to walk according to its precepts.

not for the wretched idols which abound on every spot, it would Answer to Question II. by Akunuri Krishnakao:

be a beautiful land. The marble rocks are wonderfully grand. First of all he asserts that his apostleship was not received from any man as The river Nerbudda, which the Brahmins here say is now holier the source, or through any man as the means, but directly from God. After- than the Ganges (for Nerbudda has been a virgin goddess till wards he expresses his surprise for the fickleness of the Galatians; his opponents were trying to destroy the very life of Christianity. He visited

now and is just married), rushes through the precipitous cliff's Jerusalem, and he learnt nothing from the Apostles there.

of marble. The white rocks are the loveliest, though some are 2ndly, He shows that justification is not by law, but entirely by faith. That circumcision and the observance of the Mosaic laws were not essential to

blue (they call it heavenly), and some yellow marble. They say salvation. That Abraham was bl-ssed for his faith, as the faith was the

the river bed is in places 200 feet deep. We lunched in the prominent excellence in him; and those who share it will be blessed with him. traveliers' bungalow from our lunch basket, and then walked If the righteousness come by law, then Christ is deal in vain. To observe

off to the waterfall, seeing the tomb of an English engineer law is to be in bondage. It is evident that none attained salvation through the observance of law. He concludes the third and fourth chapters, contrast- who, attacked by wild bees, threw himself into the river and was ing the faith and the Gospel liberty with the condemnation and the bondage drowned. of law. 3rdly, He warns them against giving up the faith which they newly received.

On Advent Sunday we had early Hindustani service at That free men will be blessed and not those in bondage. He admonishes them 8 o'clock. We could follow the prayers in spirit from knowing that they should walk afver the Spirit and not after the flesh. These two

the places in our Prayer-book. They sang heartily. Edward cannot go together. The one always tries to destroy the desires which the other prompts. He mentions the works of the flesh and the fruit of the Spirit. preached in Hindustani with the greatest facility, and the people

The abruptness and the force with which he opened his communication hung on his words. We then received the Holy Communion show that he felt the urgency and the danger. The people were on the point

at his and the Native pastor's hands.* After service Mr. of giving up the true and embracing the false one.

Hodgson came in, and he and Edward and I had a missionary Answer to Question V. by S. Brahmanandam :

talk for three or four hours, and went to the English service, con(1) The one word is Lore. “Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself." | ducted by the chaplain, in the evening. Congregation good, This is the sum of the whole law.

(2) In ancient times slaves had scars upon the r faces to show to what and singing hearty. master they belonged. So St. Paul by his marks showed himself as slave or

On Monday morning we went to the Thug prison, or rather bondman of Christ. St. Paul was twice scourged by the Roman governors for the name of Christ, and it is those marks he refers to here.

reformatory, where there are still ninety of the old Thugs, whose (3) A few seducers may corrupt the whole Church. Or the breaking of the religion was murder, and some four hundred of their kindred law, even in one point, occasions perdition. “Whosoever keepeth the whole

and descendants, now all engaged in manufactories-carpets, law and yet offendeth in one point, is guilty of all : it shall protit him nothing."

(4) The law is not intended to give life, but it is given only to make us feel tent-making, basket-making, chairs, &c.f The whole Institute is that we are sinners and we are in need of a saviour. "By the law we are a great success. In the afternoon Miss Branch drove us to an concluded under sin.” We can obtain eternal life through faith in Christ.

old Gônd fortress built on a bare rock, some 500 feet above the We are accursed if we do not keep the law, but it does not give life. “Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things written in the law to do them." plain, which they say was built by a Gônd chieftain who asked a We are therefore sayed by faith, and not by the works of the law.

Rajah's daughter in marriage, and was answered he should never (5) Bear ye one another's burdens. Let us help one another in all our

have her till ho had built a castle on this almost perpendicular adversities. Every one shall bear his own burden. Every man shall bear the punishment of his own sins.

rock. In a massive cavern hard by there was a Mohammedan Let us not marvel too much that such youths do not yet embrace fakir, with whom Edward argued for some time. Christianity: How many in England could give similar answers, who We drove back through the dark, and after dinner, had just yet are Christians only in name-with far less excuse !

time to pack up our goods and drive to the station at 10.30.

Alas! we got into a carriage which shook asthmatically the TEN WEEKS IN INDIA,

whole night till we reached Allahabad at 7.30, where we break

fasted, changed our carriage, and got on here by two, where we Extracts from Letters to my Children during a Winter Tour.

were kindly received by the chaplain, Mr. Stone. BY THE REV. E. H. BICKERSTETH, M.A.,

The interest of Cawnpore, as the site of the massacre, is Vicar of Christ Church, Hampstead.

almost overpowering. We have been this morning to the II.

Memorial Church and the monument raised over the fatal well. I

They are most impressive, and every few yards is sacred with CAWNPORE, December 1, 1880.

heroic memories. Good Mr. Perkins' name, who laboured here Y last letter was sent from Nasik last Thursday. At thirty years ago, is still fragrant with the natives. They even

10 P.M. we left Mr. Roberts' hospitable roof in three reckon their age by the date of his ministry.ş
tongas to drive through the dark night to the
railway. We made ourselves comfortable in the

AGRA, December 7, 1880. train, and had an early breakfast at a station. It

We arrived here at 11.30 last night. We had a most enjoy

We had four days and five nights was beautiful to see the sunlight flushing the hills long before it able time at Lucknow. touched us. We arrived at Jubbulpore at 9.30, after 21 hours,

there. .

On Thursday we saw all over the ruined Residency, not at all too wearisome a journey. Mr. Hodgson, the C.M.S. * The Rev. Madho Ram, whose portrait appeared in the GLEANER of Missionary, to whom Mr. Squires had written, was away in the

November last.-ED.

+ See the picture on page 22. District, so had not received his letter, and we went to an

| The well into which Nana Sahib threw the bodies of the slaughtered hotel. Next morning Edward and I sallied out at 8 o'clock English ladies and children in 1857. See the picture on page 23.-ED. through a heavy “Scotch " mist, a mist almost unknown at $ Mr. Perkins was a missionary of the S.P.G. at Cawn pore, who was killed

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THE GREAT IMAMBARA (SHRINE OF MOHAMMEDAN SAINTS), LUCKNOW. The top of the long hall at the extreme left of the above picture is the place where Lieuts. Brownlow and G. Antchinson (the latter now Lay Secretary of the Church Missionary Society) mounted

the building when Lucknow was finally conquered by the British troops in 1858. (See page 22.)

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