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THE PROCESSION OF THE HOLY CARPET AT CHINESE BIBLE-WOMEN AT FUH-CHOW.
Letter from Mrs. R.W. Stewart.
Fuh-Chow, July 4th, 1882. of England by the presence of the British troops,
EAR MR. EDITOR,—The accompanying photo will headed by Sir Garnet Wolseley and the Duke of
interest the readers of The Story of the Fuh-Kien Connaught, at a ceremony in Cairo believed to be
Mission. You mention in that book the Bibleone of great importance in the eyes of Mohamme
woman's class, and Chitnio, the widow of the Rev. dans. At the time we are writing it seems to be still uncertain
Ling Sieng-Sing. The middle figure with the little exactly what the troops did and did not do, and we earnestly boy is Chitnio, and next to her on the right hand side of the hope it may prove that they were not really taking part in a picture is the wife of that good man Ting-Ing-Soi, who died superstitious ceremonial.
from the effects of the ill-treatment he received in Hok-Chiang, Meanwhile we may remind our own readers that a very re- and whose story I see is also told in your book. Three of these markable picture of this annual procession appeared in the women have been studying here at Fuh-Chow for about a year GLEANER of September, 1879. That picture was engraved from and a-half, and are now going out as Bible-women; the fourth an instantaneous photograph, which was given to us by the Rer. (the last on the left hand side) has been a Bible-woman for some T. P. Hughes, of Peshawar, and it was accompanied by an inte- time, and has only come back for a little more teaching and resting account of the ceremony, written by Mr. Hughes, who opportunity to study the Bible for herself, which it is hard for was himself present on the occasion seven years ago. We will them to do at their stations. not repeat his description now, but we give another picture of Perhaps the readers of the GLEANER would like to hear a the scene, a German one, though it is not so good as our own. little about our class here. Our object is, as I think you We hope our friends will take down their GLEANER volume for know, not merely to train Bible-women, but also to teach 1879 (of course they have it on their shelves !), and look at the wives of the catechists, and indeed any earnest Christian pages 102, 103.
woman who is willing for a time to leave her home for the But does not this whole matter remind us of the urgent need sake of learning the “Doctrine.” Many of these we cannot there is to give Egypt the Gospel ? Miss Whately is at the post make Bible-women, for the Native clergy and others very strongly she has so long and so faithfully occupied, and the Society is insist that young women must not be used in this work; it is so sending out Mr. Klein, formerly of Jerusalem, and a great Arabic contrary to Chinese custom that they think it might do harm. scholar, to join her. What more can be done will depend upon However, we teach all who are willing and able to learn, and the Special Fund for which an Appeal is now being widely circu- those who are young, or who have children depending on them, lated over the country. Will our readers do their best for it? return to their own homes and try to do all they can to spread Of course it must not interfere with the General Fund. Every the truth without any pay; indeed they are much like female penny of that is pledged, and we want “Half as much again.” “exhorters," and we hope much good may be done in this way, But let extra thank-offerings for our recent national mercies be for the heathen know well they gain no worldly advantage. asked for. The door into Egypt is open now; let us enter There is one woman now at Ch'iah-Sioh who left us more than in while we may. And may He who “ openeth and no man a year ago, and we hear very good accounts of her work; her shutteth” open to us also the hearts of the Egyptians !
mother, uncle, and brother, and several others have joined the
Church since she went home. At Sing Chio there is another under the circumstances, to return to Egypt, forward a report to Bishop unpaid worker; she left the class last summer, and has been Gobat, and then, by way of Cairo and Aden, proceed to Rabbai by sca. going on very well ever since. I saw her at Sing Chio about six Fever, sun-stroke, and fatigue on the return journey nearly killed me, months ago, and all the Christian women spoke very highly of and I quite expected to have found a grave in the Nubian Desert. On her, and said she had a class to teach them every Sunday my arrival at Cairo it became clear to me that I could not go on to afternoon.
Rabbai in this suffering condition, nor indeed any longer endure the Since we started the class altogether fourteen women have
climate of Africa or present way of life, and that therefore my work in
Africa was at an end. So, with deep sorrow, in August, 1855, I bade passed through it. Of these, five are wives of catechists, and one is the wife of the Rev. Ngoi Kaik-ki, the clergyman at Ku
farewell to the land where I had suffered so much, journeyed so much, Cheng, three are Bible-women, and the others have gone back
and experienced so many proofs of the protecting and sustaining hand of to their own homes, where we hope they will be quite as useful
God; where, too, I had been permitted to administer to many souls the in their own way as the paid Bible-women.
Word of Life, and to name the Name of Jesus Christ in places where it
had never before been uttered and known. God grant that the seed so We have many requests for admission. This year, for the
broad-cast may not have fallen only on stony places, but may spring up first time, we have had as many women as the house can hold,
in due season, and bear fruit an hundredfold ! namely, twelve, for previously there seemed to be a secret fear
In the September of 1855 I reached Stuttgardt, and resided for a time among them of coming to Fuh-Chow, and so putting themselves, as they imagined, in the power of the "foreigners.
at Kornthal till my future career of usefulness should develop itself. The
This feel. ing, however, seems to be quite disappearing, and we have just sympathy with my sufferings, and expressing a hope that I might soon
Committee of the Church Missionary Society in London manifested a kind had a request from Mr. Sia, the clergyman at Lo Nguong, to sympathy with my sufferings, and expressing a hope that I might soon allow his wife to come down to Fuh-Chow for a time, to study better climate, proposed to me to go to the Mauritius, and seek out such
be so far recovered as to be able to continue my labours in Africa in a and learn to read the Bible.
natives of Eastern Africa as had formerly been thence sold into slavery, P.S.-I have just received a letter from “ Patience,” one of þut were now residing in the island as free men, who might be willing to the Singapore girls, who was married to a Hok-Chiang catechist, learn; and to instruct them sufficiently to become catechists, with a view
of ultimately sending them back to Africa in that capacity, a plan which and whose name you mention in your book in connection with the work there. An extract from it will, I think, interest you,
had been attended with much success at Sierra Leone in Western Africa. as it refers to the curious subject of possession by devils :
At the Cape of Good Hope, too, the Committee was of opinion that such
persons were also to be met with. Agreeable and inviting as was this "I am sure you will like to hear lately there are four families believed in Jesus. There are two women possesses with devils, one is fiercer than
proposal, much as I approved of it, having regard to its important results, the other, one woman says she wants to eat a lamb, so they brought a
I could not persuade myself to return to Africa for some years to come, lamb before her, she take hold of it, she bite it, and sucks the blood, in a as I wished first for the complete restoration of my health, and for time minute the lamb was dead, then she says she wants to eat fowls ; they to review my whole life, especially my missionary life in Africa; an brought fowls before her, take hold of it, she sucks the blood, the fowls occupation for which, out there, I had never yet found sufficient time or was dead ; they ask her why do you wants to eat the lamb and fowls, she
leisure. said if I had not cat, I shall be dead; then she said she wants to eat an ox, then they were afraid, sees her in that state, so they directly came
Our merciful Father, who hath hitherto so wonderfully upheld me, here and told they wants believe in Jesus, and asks yo prayed in her house,
and rendered my fath in lifo pleasant to me, even amidst care and toil, and the Christian men did go and prayed, after the singing and prayer hath been pleased to bestow upon IIis servant an hclpmeet for him in the the woman got up to comb her hair quite sensible, they put off all the daughter of scuator Pelargus of Stuttgardt, my beloved wife Charlotte, idols, in her family there are thirteen persons ; on Sunday they all como church.-Yours affectionately,
whose Christian experiences, joined to a perfect disregard of self and
an affectionate nature, have been my greatest support, both in the calling
she has proved herself to me the best and truest human support, alike for
Full of trust in His hands do I leave the future of my life on earth,
whether of activity at home, or in the former field of my labour amongst
the heathen of Africa! To Him would I render, as is most due, all X.-LATER YEARS.
honour and praise, worshipping Him in time and eternity, being thankful
1854 to make my report to the Committee of the Church from my youth upwards, especially in the trials and perils of my sojourn
NOTE IN CONCLUSION.
Dr. Krapf's autobiography, ending as above, was written in 1860. He brother Deimler from Bavaria (now C.M.S. missionary to the Moham- lived twenty-one years after that, mostly in Germany. Twice he revisited medans at Bombay).
the scenes of his former labours. In 1861 he went to East Africa with a About the same time the Bishop of Jerusalem had formed the plan of
new Methodist Mission to the Wanika people to introduce the party, and sending to Abyssinia a number of brethren, brought up as mechanics,
see them settled in the country; and in 1867 he was in Abyssinia for a who had received some missionary instruction at the Institute of
short time, as interpreter, with the British army which Sir R. Napier led
to Magdala. But the great work of his later years was linguistic. In St. Chrislona, his object being, if possible, to revive the mission to that particular, lie completely revised, for the British and Foreign Bible country which had fallen through in the year 18 13. I accordingly Society, the version of the whole Bible in Amharic (the language of offered to visit Abyssinia on my way back to Rabbai, and in the company Abyssinia) which was made some seventy years ago by an Abyssinian of one of these brothers to pave the way for the contemplated mission.
monk. He also compiled an elaborate Dictionary of the Suahili, the The Committee approved of my plan, and in the November of 1854 I left principal language of East Africa, which was just finished when he died,
and has since been published. Trieste, after having published at Tübingen my Wakuafi Dictionary, and the The touching circumstances of Krapf's death were mentioned in the English Liturgy in the Suabili language. On my arrival at Jerusalem I GLEANER of last January. He entered into rest Nov. 26th, 1881. To waited upon Bishop Gobat respecting the Abyssinian Mission, and received
the last he followed with the keenest interest the fortunes of the East from him the necessary instructions, with which early in 1855 I paid my
Africa and Nyanza Missions. They are the direct result of his work. last visit to Abyssinia. Arrived at Gondar, the capital of Abyssinia, we
He laid the foundation at Mombasa ; and his explorations led to the
travels of Speke and Grant and Stanley, which in their turn opened the found the road to Shoa completely closed by the war which the new king,
way to Uganda. And we are now establishing the very chain of Missions Theodorus, was waging against that country; so it seemed the best plan, which he was the first to project.
GLEANINGS FROM BISHOP SARGENT'S JOURNAL Christianity is.” ” " Then, sir," said he, "you do not know who has been
my Guru” [i.e. teacher]. I replied, “No, I do not.” My wife has IN TINNEVELLY.
been my Guru, she learnt as a girl in the Mission School in Madura. (Continued from page 129.)
She learnt to read her Veda [i.e. Bible), she has still a part of the book
with her, she has read that to me, and thus I have learnt what your ALLUR, 11th December, 1881. -At the early morning religion teaches. It shows the way of salvation, and therefore I wish to service there was the Litany, and a sermon by one of the
be baptized.” Of course I was glad to meet a man like this, and told Native pastors. At noon there was service with Confirma
him that for a few days he must stay here and be under the teaching of tion, at which one hundred and forty-four candidates were
the Native pastor, and then if he still wished it I would baptize him. presented, some of whom had come here the previous day, a
22nd December, Thursday, Pannikulam.-Arrived at 10 o'clock, and distance of from ten to eighteen miles. I have, of course, to
at 12 had service, at which one hundred and ninety candidates were condepend in great measure on the pastors performing their duty towards these
firmed. At 3 P.M. attended the Church Council, at which three Native candidates, in preparing them months beforehand for this important and
pastors and thirteen laymen were present. This district, which is in interesting rite. But to let all see that the address at the opening of the
most things behind our other districts, has this year somewhat improved Confirmation service is not a dead letter, and that if any are kept back it
in contributions to the Church Fund. There is an increase over last year is not at the whim of the pastor, but because the candidate lacks the
of about Rs. 100. Still matters are not what they ought to be. In the required knowledge and fitness, I explain the matter, and then proceed to evening a man, Devasagayam Reddi, came to me to plead that he had examine a few of the candidates, pointing out the person that is to reply built a small but substantial church, and wished that I should get the to my question. On the present occasion I asked about a dozen questions, Church Council to allow for it a chair and Communion table, with a globe all from the Church Catechism. On one side six young women answered also to hang in the centre. This was true: he had built a church that had fairly, on the other side five young men answered well, and only one
cost about Rs. 700, of which his friend Isaac Reddi had helped him to the partially failed. On such occasions, however, some allowance must be
amount of Rs. 100. He had got nothing from the Native Church Fund. made on the score of shyness. I am persuaded that the preparation of candidates for Confirmation is one of the most effectual means of bringing fund. On the subject being brought before the Council, they gladly
This was a pleasing instance of a man doing all without begging from our the claims of spiritual religion before thie minds of our converts. It
allowed for the chair and table, but as the globe was only an ornamental cannot be otherwise if the pastors perform their duty in a prayerful and
requisite, and their funds are so limited, they declined to give anything earnest spirit.
towards that expense. In the evening went to Sivalarkulam, about half a mile to the east.
At 7 P.M. we had service in the church, attended by all the agents as This is the largest and most important village in this neighbourhood.
well as people of the station. Rev.John Nallatamby preached. Old man Two years ago for the first time Christianity gained an entrance here. One
as he is, he preached with a clearness and energy that I have never family of shepherds put themselves under Christian instruction. Some
known surpassed by a native. His text was, “ The Great
God and our months after that, two more joined, and about seven months ago above
Saviour Jesus Christ,” Titus ii. 13. The fluent way in which he kept twenty families. So that now there are one hundred and twenty souls
all in deep attention, the illustrations he used to show that our God is a here who have renounced idolatry and join in Christian worship. I was
great God, that His person is great, His attributes are great, and His acts long doubtful whether, considering the opposition and persecution to which
great—that greatness culminating in the manifestation of His Son Jesus they were exposed, they would remain steadfast, especially as I was told
Christ as the Saviour of the world, -all told so eloquently and truthfully, the women did not regularly attend worship with their husbands; but the
seemed to engross the lively attention of all. men explained that this was owing to the lack of a proper place to meet in. The first thing that these people saw, on their numbers being so largely
25th December, Palamcottah.—Christmas Day. increased, was the large stack of straw belonging to the chief man among
“ The Shepherds sing ; and shall I silent be?
My God, no hymn for Thee ! them on fire, and some Rs. 30 or 40 property thus destroyed; next a
My soul's a shepherd too; a flock it feeds, charge of robbery was brought against one of them, and later on another
Of thoughts, and words, and deeds." charge of injury to property against some fifteen of them. But the evidence was so manifestly untrustworthy that the Sub-Magistrate threw
We are in the midst of trouble from the ravages of cholera, but where the case out at once.
can the sorrowing fiod comfort if not by an interest in the glorious event
which we this day commemorate ? I was cheered at the sight of the Four months ago the Wallúr District Native Church Council allowed them Rs. 30 towards building a place of worship. They expended people as they thronged to the early morning service, 877 besides the nearly Rs. 100 of their own, and built a place 36 feet by 15, with walls
students and school children; and then 169 remained for the Holy some 10 feet high, all beautifully neat and clean. They put up a
Communion. I had seen the Kshatriyan several times since the 17th, temporary porch, tastefully fitted with a canopy of cloth and with strings
and as he had satisfied the Native pastor of his knowledge of Christian of flowers. The globes inside had been borrowed from Nallúr. The
truth, and I felt assured of his sincere earnestness, I baptized him during
the service, and received him into the Christian Church under the name room was soon filled to overflowing, for several had come from other villages, and not a few had to stand outside. The first part of
of Jesudasen (the servant of Jesus). His heathen name was Tulasi Ram St. Matthew xxii. was read as the second lesson, and on it I framed
Siogh. my sermon. I observed how, in the person of the missionary who in times
31st December.-Looking back on the year that is now closing how much past occupied the Nallúr Station, the king's messengers had come to this
ground does one see for thankfulness ! Health restored; opportunities for
usefulness open on all sides ; apparent progress in the several departments village and invited them, but they had declined; now at length some had professed to accept the invitation. “ There are many in this Province who
of Mission work. All these things call forth the acknowledgment, “Not
unto us, O Lord, but unto Thy name be the glory.' come as it were to the door, look in, but never enter. You will say that
The number of candidates confirmed this year in 20 places is 2,565, of some of you have come in and some of you have been baptized. Well, here is the feast before you. What would you say if sitting down you
whom 1,463 were males and 1,102 were females. folded your arms and would not eat?” “That would never do," said a man
Compared with last year, the statistics stands as follows for the whole of sitting half way down. " True, our religion is a religion of the heart,
the congregations in Tinnevelly in connection with the Church Missionary What is the great feast that the Gospel sets before you !" "Jesus," said
1881. Increase. some of the men. “Yes, Jesus the Son of God and the Saviour of the world.
51,263 55,262 The heathen think it is enough to repeat, Hurri, Hurri, or Siva, Siva. No. of Baptized
38,657 40,540 1,883 But it will not suffice to merely repeat the precious name of Jesus: you No. of Communicants
9,517 10,186 must take Him into your hearts, you must believe in IIim, as the Saviour School Children
12,720 13,318 628 who has borne you sins, and from Him you must seek pardon and grace
Edw. SARGENT, Bishop. to be holy.". This was the substance of my discourse. I have seldom
PALAMCOTTAH, 16th January, 1892. addressed a more attentive audience. I have so far entered into particulars that friends of our Mission may know what our employment really is when we go among these people, and may as partners in our work cultivate a prayerful sympathy with us.
A Little Boy's Letter to the Heathen. Palamcottaħ, 17th December.- While walking in my garden, a pleasing
TRINITY VICARAGE, CAMBRIDGE, looking man came up to me and presented a leiter from one of the Native
July 26th, 1882. pastors in the Sarandei District, stating that the bearer, a very respect
I hope you are quite well. able man, was a Kshatriyan from a village in his neighbourhood who
I am glad that some of you know about Jesus Christ the Son of God. I wished to become a Christian. I let him make his own statement, and
know I shall see you in Heaven if you love Jesus. I hope some day I shall
be a missionary : then I can teach you about Him. then said, “But when a man wishes to change his religion he must
From LITTLE WILLIE. understand what it is he intends doing; you wish for baptism, but you [The above is the spontaneous production of a little boy aged 51, written have never been under Christian instruction: you must first learn what and composed entirely by himself. 1
THE LATE REV. RAWIRI TE WANUI.
cattle. One day when Salim was standing near his father's hut, a
Dongolowie came up, and seizing him, tried to drag him off ; his father saw E present a portrait of a veteran Maori clergyman, the struggle
, and came running up to rescue his boy, when the Arab drew lately taken to his rest, which has been kindly sent a pistol and shot him dead. There was no one now to stop the cruel Arab, to us by the Rev. J. McWilliam, C.M.S. Missionary and the poor boy was dragged off to slavery. After a time came the revolt at Otaki, New Zealand.
of Suliman (the head of the slave-traders) against Egyptian rule, with all The Rev. Rawiri Te Wanui was one of the earliest the horrors of the slave war, which was brought to a successful close by converts in those southern parts of the North Island which now Gessi Pasba, one of Col. Gordon's officers, who caught and executed the form the Diocese of Wellington, having been
inhuman Suliman. On the close of the war baptized by the Rev. 0. Hadfield, now the
many slaves were set free, among them Salim, Bishop of Wellington, as far back as March,
who was then at Dem Suliman, the capital of the 1841. He was ordained in 1872. The
Babr el Ghazal Province. Bishop writes of him :
A few months after this I came to Dem SuliFor many years he acted as a lay-reader and
man, on my way to England from Uganda, and teacher. He was much respected by bis people
being without a servant (the boy I brought from for his integrity and straightforwardness. He
Uganda having lately died), Gessi Pasha promised was a remarkably clear-headed man, and was a
to find me one from among the freed slaves, and trusted adviser of his tribe at all times. His
sending for the Mudir or Governor of the town, sermons were remarkable for clearness of thought, as well as for accuracy and force of expression;
he told him to try and find me a boy. So the there could never be any doubt as to what he
Mudir sent for Salim, and asked him if he were meant. During his illness, which lasted some
willing to go with me as my servant, telling him months, he was humble, patient, and resigned,
that the English were good people and would never wavering in his firm reliance on his Saviour
treat him well. The boy said he was willing, and Mr. J. McWilliam, whose fellow-labourer
accordingly he was sent to me. He looked thin, he was at Otaki, sends similar testimony :
miserable, and half-starved, and had only a dirty I worked with him for over a dozen years with
rag round his loios, but I had very great diffiout there arising the necessity for a single un
culty at first in inducing him to wear clothes; pleasant word between us. His illness was a long
he had never been used to them, and seemed to and trying one, but he was most patient and re
think them quite superfluous. As he has told me signed throughout. The want of medical advice
since, many things about us seemed very strange was one great trial, and shortly before his death he was sorely tempted by a Nauhau medicine man, who begged to be
to him; when he saw us kneel in prayer night allowed to repeat his incantations over him, assuring bim that if he con
and morning, he could not understand it at all; he had seen his Mohamsented his cure would be certain and speedy. Rawiri, though longing for medan master at prayer often enough, but as we did not employ their medical advice, which could only be procured from Wellington at a genuflexions he was much puzzled to know what we were doing. ruinous price, and believing that with that a cure was still possible, told
Although Salim had been liberated from actual slavery by Gessi Pasha, the "tohunga” to depart and leave him in the hands of his Maker, to whom he had turned not with his lips only but with his whole heart more
yet in the eye of the law, as it exists in Egypt, he was not free, so on than forty years ago, and whom he would not dishonour now, when about reaching Khartum, spite of various difficulties put in the way by the to enter His presence, by a return to their ignorant superstitions.
Egyptian officials, I obtained free papers for him through the help of Herr
subsequently countersigned at the Ministry of the Interior at Cairo. THE FIRST DINKA CHRISTIAN.
When Salim first came to me as my servant, he
bad a very imperfect knowledge of the colloquial HE readers of the GLEANER will be
Arabic, but during the journey, and the stay at interested to hear of the firstfruits
Khartum and in Lower Egypt, he picked it up of one of the (as yet) unevangelised
very rapidly. tribes of Central Africa, the Dinkas.
During the two years that have passed since he The Dinkas are a large, and were
came to England, he has acquired a considerable at one time a powerful tribe of negroes on the
knowledge of English, and can read and write it western side of the Bahr el Abiad, or White Nile,
very fairly. Having given unmistakable signs of between the 6th parallel north latitude and the
having been born again by the Spirit of God, I Bahr el Ghazal.*
had the great pleasure of baptizing him on the Salim, the young convert of whom I am about
28th of last August, in Holy Trinity Church, to speak, was born in the village of Amárwi, near
Nottingham, by the name of Salim Charles the town of Rumbek, in the Dinka country. The
Wilson. He retains a good knowledge of his Dinka tribe were rich in cattle, till the Arab slave
native language, and his desire now is to tell his traders plundered them and laid waste their
own people of the good news of salvation. country, and Salim's father, being a chief and
The Dinkas inhabit a portion of that vast terria man of some importance, at one time possessed
tory annexed to Egypt by Sir Samuel Baker, but large herds. The father's name was Kisích, and
as yet no Protestant missionary has attempted to he had three wives, the name of the one who was
reach the dark tribes on the banks of the White the mother of Salim being Dēn. When the boy
SALIM CHARLES WILSON, A DINKA
Nile. I believe that the veteran Dr. Krapf had was five or six years old his mother died of small
some scheme in his mind for the evangelisation of pox, and he and his three brothers and three
this part of Central Africa, for in the last letter sisters were brought up by their father, who seems to have treated them
which I received from him, very shortly before his death, he asked me very well. Soon after, the Dongolowies, or Arab slave-traders from Don
several questions in reference to establishing Mission stations there. At gola in Upper Egypt, came into the country and carried off many of the
least, we ought all to pray that the remarkable events now taking place in * Some pictures illustrative of the Dinka tribe appeared in the GLEANER of Egypt may be made instrumental under God's blessing in opening up August, 1879, accompanying Mr. Felkin's narrative of the Nyanza party's
these lands to the Gospel message.
C. T. WILSON, journey up the Nile.
Late Missionary of the C.M.S. Nyanza Mission,