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BISHOP RIDLEY'S MISSION ON THE SKEENA RIVER. summer he paid a visit to Hazelton, and the days spent here could not be
quiet. His attentions to Mrs. Ridley, then here alone, were almost LETTER FROM THE BISHOP OF CALEDONIA.*
comical. He hung about her all day long. The clock would not go fast HAZELTON, SKEENA RIVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, enough to hasten school or service-time, that he might ring the bell and
October 29th, 1881. gather in the ople. He was the terror of gamblers, and hated of HE community here is mixed. The Indians have worked medicine men.
for the gold-miners during the summer, and both live here Last Saturday morning J- came to me with something weighty on during the winter. This steady employment has told his mind, I could see at a glance. He was full of plans. “To-morrow is advantageously on the Indian's character. He is above all Sunday,” he said ; "at the lower village they do not serve God. May I
things naturally fickle and indisposed to steady work. As go down and hold services ? " a rule the miners have paid them well, and taught them the value of "Yes, go, and be gentle, as Jesus was,” I said. labour. Hence these people, formerly
May I take a bell ?” the lowest of the low, and called the dogs
Yes, take a small one, because you of the Skeena, have, through the mate
have only a little knowledge.” rial advantages they have enjoyed, risen
“True, but I will tell them all I know." in the scale, and now have better houses
So he packed his Bible, hymn-book, than their neighbours, better food, and
salmon, and rice, in his blanket with the better clothing. They are therefore
small bell, and trudged away. Before healthier, stronger, less dirty than the
he returns he means to go to the second rest, and the proportion of children
lower village to see the five Christians greater. Contact with the whites there
who live there whom I baptized last fore has not produced the deplorable
spring. He will have had a journey of results that one too often hears of. Now
seventy miles at his own charges for that a Mission has been established here,
Christ's sake. and stress laid upon education, this com
It was he who conducted service on munity of Indians is likely to advance
the miners' march. rapidly. Their progress is stirring up
At the mines the best building was envious feelings among the other tribes
cleared on Saturday and placed at the of this nation. Deputations have come
Indians' disposal for Sunday services, to me begging me to send them teachers,
much to the credit of the miners, who but we cannot support them if we had
always attended and enjoyed the singing, them.
if nothing else. One Sunday morning Our services have been crowded by
an Indian family reached the miners' attentive congregations, especially the
camp, and would have passed forward regular daily evening service. The
with their packs. “What,” asked the miners, too, come, and I rejoice to see
miner, “ travelling on Sunday! Is this them, not only for their own but for the
what the Bishop teaches you?” “We sake of the Indians, on whom they exer
are short of food and must press on.” cise much influence. When in the
“No, you need not; we will give you spring they left for the mines, it was a
food.” So they travelled on together pleasant sight. In returning, they
from Monday morning to the end. looked worn and weatherbeaten. When
I had intended to follow them and go they started, all looked smart. The
to the Fraser River. I was providentially white men with braided leggings and
hindered. The interval between that ornamented snow-shoes, and the Indians
appointed start and my real start for the with streamers fluttering from their caps
coast was full of blessiog. Then came of ermine, marted, and other furs, looked
the resolve to build small houses. Pri. quite picturesque; even the dogs bar
vacy is impossible. Those of strong Dessed to the birch-wood sleighs seemed
character, who, when converted, become proud of their tinkling bells and gay
mighty men of God, are able to resist adornments.
the flood of persecution rolled on them Never before was Sunday kept on the
by the evil-disposed ; but not so the long marches. I had given prayer and
weaker folk. One evening a quiet felhymn-books to some of the whites, and
low, since baptized, was reading his Bible suggested that one of them should
by the fire-light. One of the evil ones minister to the rest, but none ventured.
interrupted him again and again. He The Indians had prayers every day, and
stood in his light, rudely questioned, spent the Sunday in a most profitable
abused, and finally assaulted him. manner. The whites attended the ser
“Why read that book? Your fathers vices, and though they could not under
did not, nor do we. Would you be stand the prayers, they joined in the hymns and encouraged the Indians. wiser than all p” When the book was struck from the reader's hand he
I had not appointed any leader ; but —-, a catechumen, last winter nimbly recovered it and meekly walked away from the jeering circle a dog-eater, came forward as a natural leader, and said the prayers, and round the cheerful fire. exhorted the listeners. He is a splendid fellow; square built, of great The whole clan live in the same large and undivided house. In old muscular strength, having a large head, and intelligent, though un- times such herding together was a defence, but now that imperial law is handsome, face, this man cannot but attract attention. During the gaining respect, order is being establ'shed, so that it will be safe to break
up the old-time clan into families, and each family live apart from the See the Bishop's previous letter in the GLEANER of July, 1881, and the rest in small Map of British Columbia in the number for September, 1879.
es. This will be a great upward step, and the beginning of a higher morality. Now we are in a transition state. Not ten
minutes ago a wild-looking fellow came to complain of his sister's the ice in motion. The rising mass scalps the river's bank as an Indian thieving. “I would have killed her,” he said to me, “but now you are would his foe. At last, with a sullen groan rising into a terrific roar, our chief, and have brought laws from the great Shigitumna, i.e., Queen.” away goes the stupendous obstruction, and down sinks the river as if to
I must summon J- before you again, the man now on bis way to rest after its splendid victory. Then succeeds the ministry of the south hold services at the lower villages. I had called a council to discuss the wind; then triumphs the gracious sun in his royal progress northwards. whisky drinking at the mines. J——'s turn to speak came.
He As the bafiled ice king retreats, the snow-clad heights are melted as proposed strong measures. An Indian I will call A- dissented. with the joy of freedom. The tears trickling from under the snowJ-- became impatient.
fringe swell the cascades that furrow the mountain's face. Down they “Did force make you good ? if not, how can you expect to force any roll, swelling the river until its volume sweeps away all obstacles, and man to be good ? ” asked A
leaves it ready to bear the traveller seaward. J——'s temper got beyond his control, and, dashing his New Testament So is the Gospel ministry dissolving hard hearts around me; uplifting on the table, walked away full of anger. This exhibition damaged our the dread incubus drawn over them by Satan, and setting free those council. A- remarked, after the silence of surprise was passed, “He streams of faith and love that remove all barriers between man and his is a good man; I am sorry I provoked him.”
rest in God. I said, “ If he is good he will return and show his contrition."
After some hours of bitter grief he returned with a parcel under his arm. He found me alone. “What do you want ?” I somewhat coldly
OUR MEDICAL MISSIONS. said. "I want to see A-here before you."
E spake unto them of the kingdom of God, and “Why?"
healed them that had need of healing." Such “ To give him this,” holding out the parcel.
are the words in which “ Luke the beloved phy“He wants no gift,” I said.
sician” describes the Great Physician's work on Away he went and soon brought in A- They stood near together,
that memorable day which ended with the miraA- waiting to hear why he was called, and J-- to master the culous feeding of the five thousand. For both the bodies and emotion the twitching of the corners of his mouth betrayed. At length,
the souls of men the Lord Jesus cared; and that method of in tones of contrition, he began : "I have sinnedagainst thee--against evangelisation which takes account of both most nearly resembles the chief-against God. Thou art good—thy words wisdom-thy heart His work. His own command to the apostles was, “ Into whatlarge. I am a fool, my enemy is myself.”
soever city ye enter, heal the sick that are therein, and say The apology was ample, the confession noble in its fulness.
unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.” And bundle was opened. It contained a propitiation that cost him perhaps although our modern missionaries are not privileged to exercise eight or nine dollars. There was unfolded a new garment of black cloth miraculous gifts of healing, yet it is still everywhere true that that, matched with coat and vest, would make the wearer respectable in they who can relieve the bodily sufferings and ailments of those the best company. But J- - stopped the whisky drinking.
to whom they are sent have, humanly speaking, a road to their This Hotspur is a tender-hearted being. He found an old heathen hearts more direct than any other. dying the day after he had heard me speak of the penitent thief. At The Church Missionary Society has now no less than twelve once he pressed the mercy of Christ upon her. Not satisfied with his
medical missionaries ; besides whom several other missionaries own skill, away he ran to fetch the only Christian then here.
have more or less acquaintance with medicine and surgery, and up, hurry, hurry up, the old woman is nearly dead.”. Almost dragging have made very effective use of their knowledge.
There are his friend towards the house of death, he urged him to tell the poor also two Native clergymen in India who are qualified medical creature what I had told them the day before.
“ Make it plain, very
Let us briefly glance at the work of these brethren. plain, hurry up, Jesus may yet save her-make it very plain.” But it was
Beginning, as usual, with AFRICA, there is no medical mistoo late. The spirit had fled.
sionary on the West Coast, but the Society is anxious to have As soon as navigation on the river was resumed, I left Mrs. Ridley
one for the Niger Mission. A Christian doctor offering for the behind to do what she could, and right well she carried on the Mission for months single-handed. Mr. and Mrs. Faulconer have arrived, and by the East Coast, also, one is wanted for Mombasa. Mr. Price,
noble field on that great river would be warmly welcomed. On degrees, I am passing the work into his hands, so that there may be no
who has just returned from thence, earnestly begs for one. In great change next spring when I go down the river to Fort Simpson on
the earlier days of Frere Town, it had a medical man, first Dr. the break-up of the ice.
The breaking up this past spring I was fortunate enough to witness. Forster, and then Mr. Praeger ; but they were both obliged to It was not the immediate action of the sun that effected it, but the south
come home. The Rev. W. E. Taylor, who had some training
at Edinburgh, does useful service; but a fully qualified surgeon wind and the consequent downpour of ice-cold water from the mountains, where the snows lie fathoms deep. The floods uplift the ice by slow
who can be a real medical missionary is desired. In the degrees till the weight of water starts the ponderous mass that winter interior, we have Dr. E. J. Baxter at Mpwapwa; but Uganda has laid on the river's bosom. I have seen the rivers of Germany break up,
had no successor to Mr. Felkin, whose brief sojourn there, and but the scene was tame compared with the tumult on these swift rivers of
his attendance on King Mtesa, the readers of the GLEANER will North America.
remember. Meanwhile the other missionaries have had to I was ou the ice when the movement first took place. It moves !
doctor each other and the natives ; Mr. Mackay and Mr. Pearson What moves ? The banks seem to glide up stream. Then came a slight especially. Mr. Mackay's last journals (printed in the C.J. tremor beneath my feet, and I sprang to the shore. The sensations were
Intelligencer of August) describe important sanitary measures like those produced by shocks of earthquakes. The stone-like surface I which he persuaded the king to introduce to ward off a terrible had often walked on was in motion from bank to bank. At no great epidemic of plague. distance the channel narrows, and the greater breadth of ice from
In PALESTINE, our one Medical Mission at present is at Gaza. above was here caught as in a vice. The river is in agony-groaning, Of this, an account appeared in the GLEANER of June last, with gurgling, sighing, surging, tilting, hissing, roaring deep and loud like a picture. Now that Dr. George Chalmers is on his way out, subterranean thunder. What can ever dislodge this piled up mass ? we may hope that this Mission will grow in strength and inThe flood is rising at the rear foot by foot. Crack, crack, crack! Look! fluence, and do much to win the hearts of the Mohammedans to there go the trees falling inward. The forest king, that has drunk life Christ. Some of the Society's best friends are anxious to see a from the river at its roots, is quivering. There it lurches ! Down, down, similar arrangement made for Sult, on the further side of Jordan. flat on the ground without axe or tempest, all its roots now exposed to PERSIA has a missionary who is both a qualified medical man
and a clergyman, the Rev. E. F. Hoernle, M.B. The absence she was well we returned thanks in the same way for mercies vouchsafed. of Dr. Bruce in England, however, has thrown the whole work
She was an intelligent girl, and was said to know much of the Koran by upon him during the past eighteen months, and the Medical
heart. On October 27th I removed eight or nine more tumours from
her other ear. Mission can hardly be said to be fairly started yet. In most respects (number of labourers, cost of the work, &c.)
On the frontier also is one of the Native medical men, the India engrosses about one-half of the Society's resources and Rev. John Williams, who has a small mission hospital at Tank, it is so as regards Medical Missions also. Six of the twelve
a town close up to the mountain barrier, and inhabited by an medical missionaries belong to India. The Society's first venture Afghan population.
Afghan population. An account of John Williams, written for of faith in this direction was the despatch of Dr. Elmslie to
the GLEANER by Bishop French, with a portrait, appeared in our Kashmir in 1865; and that noble pioneer has left a bright number for January, 1877. His influence over the wild Waziri example of devotion to all who follow. After his death, Dr.
tribes is remarkable. When Tank was sacked by the mounTheodore Maxwell took up the work; and when he retired, Dr.
taineers during the Afghan war, his hospital was the one Edmund Downes stepped into the breach, and for the last five building spared by them. Last year, the Rev. A. Bailey visited years has carried on the Mission with untiring zeal. Notices of
some of these Waziris in prison, and found that every one of his work have appeared in the GLEANER in March, 1878, April,
them knew and loved the "faqir doctor.” For fifteen years he 1880, and January, 1881. What he did last year the following has been physician, surgeon, pastor, and evangelist in this brief summary will tell :
remote corner of our Indian Empire. New patients seen, 8,755; total number of visits received, 24,197; Punjab, is Dr. Henry Martyn Clark, the Afghan adopted son of
Another medical missionary who has lately begun work in the number of major and minor operations performed, 1,138; in-patients discharged, left, or died, 855; total days in hospital of all who left or the Rev. R. Clark, who has lately established himself at were discharged during the time, 14,369. This last figure represents Amritsar, where he finds a ready entrance to an immense 28,738 meals to the patients, not including food given to friends of population, both for the medical skill which won him honours patients or extras, which have occasionally to be supplied.
at Edinburgh University, and for the Gospel which he desires The direct missionary work done has been but small, the to press upon his Asiatic brethren. Native assistants in the hospital not being Christians; “but," But it is chiefly among the aboriginal hill tribes that medical says Dr. Downes, “a work has been done in God's name by work is valuable as a pioneer for the Gospel. The Rev. R. Elliott Christian charity—a work such as Christ delighted to do. If went as a medical missionary to the Santúls two or three years we can only succeed in showing people that religion is goodness ago, and last year his dispensary at Taljhâri had “ 300 separate and not bitterness, that God is love and not Moloch, we shall patients, representing 10,000 attendances." The Rev. F. J. soon succeed in gaining attention to our blessed Lord, who Cole also has had a most useful dispensary at Dharampur, alone is perfect goodness and perfect love." The Rev. J. S. another Santal station. Both these brethren are just now in Doxey thus notices the widespread influence of the Medical England, but Dr. W. Johnson is about to sail to join the Mission. Mission, and the opportunities it affords for setting forth the For the Gónds of Central India and the Kois of Godavery, glad tidings of salvation :
medical missionaries are earnestly pleaded for; but the men are Opportunities offer themselves of conversing with the inmates of Dr. not as yet forthcoming. The new Bheel Mission, started last year Downes' Mission Hospital, and with the out-patients, many of whom by means of the Rev. E. H. Bickersteth's gift of £1,000, owes come from all parts of the valley and surrounding countries to be benefited by the skill and seli-denying labours of Dr. Downes. Many of these are
its first little gleam of success to the influence of the healing art. afflicted with the most loathsome of diseases, so that it is not easy or
These people are exceedingly timid and suspicious; they were pleasant to say and do what one could wish. They are always however terribly frightened by the census of 1881; and when the willing to listen, and often to assent to the truths taught. To take the missionary, Mr Thompson, went among them, they said, “ Who nanes and addresses of those recovered, and to visit them and their is he? What does he want? What will he do? Has he come fellow-villagers afterwards, will be, I trust, a not unuseful part of one's
to kill us?" work in the future. Dr. Downes' work is known now all over the valley, and there is, as one finds out by experience, scarcely a village in which When I visited the chiefs I hardly dared to speak upon any topic there lives not some one who has benefited by his kindness. The poor whatever. If I enquired about the family, then they naturally looked owe their lives in many instances to the care and skill of Dr. Downes, upon me as another enumerator. If I spoke about their cattle, fields, or and for this they are grateful, and at least see that the only desire of the crops, then the tax question might disturb their minds. To talk about missionaries is to do them good in body and soul.
God, I knew that with them, as with others, nothing could so readily or Last year, Dr. Alfred Neve went out to join Dr. Downes in
so strongly call forth their highest fears. Kashmir, and, in view of the latter's exhausting labours, to Patience, however, and gentleness triumphed :relieve him for a time if necessary.
My catechist, Masih Charan, now arrived. For a few days I took him Another of what we may call the Society's Frontier Missions out simply to let the people have a look at him. The people soon began (i.e., on the north-west frontier of British India) is one established to bring out their sick : they were losing their fears, and were drawing two or three years ago for the Beluchis, at the request of the
We decided upon spending a week or so in one pál instead of going from devoted George Maxwell Gordon, who was killed at Kandabar.
place to place. Accordingly we left home early, and made our way to Obri, He himself bore a large part of the expense, and assisted the three miles distant. We sought out a shady tree as near the centre of two missionaries, the Rev. Arthur Lewis and Dr. Andrew Jukes, the straggling pál as possible, and there remained all day. We took in beginning their work. Hitherto their head-quarters have
medicines with us. The first business in hand was to set a broken leg.
It soon became evident that our new plan was going to work admirably. been at Dera Ghazi Khan, on the Indus. In the summer
In the evening we returned home. On the Tuesday we bad 15 visits for months they have visited the mountain districts on the frontier, medicine or treatment; on the Wednesday, 30; on Thursday, 45; on and they have been hoping to find some suitable place there Friday 59; and on Saturday 58: total, 207. Some had fever-some colds where they might open a hospital in the midst of the Beluch -others enlarged spleens-some the itch—some ophthalmia-others mountaineers, but as yet without success. Medical and
nearly deaf-some headaches-others sores-one poor little emaciated
sufferer was simply a walking skeleton-some of the old folks complained missionary work, however, has not stood still during the three
of rheumatics--one old woman, blind and deaf through old age, came to years that have elapsed since Dr. Jukes performed his first
be, I suppose, made young again. On Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday operation, on May 19th, 1879:
we held little meetings to make known the Saviour. We did not think On May 19th I performed my first operation, in removing eight or
it advisable to say too much in this way on our first prolonged visit. The nine tumours from a young woman's ear, caused by numero earrings. great magnet for drawing the sinner is love. Mr. Gordon first asked for a blessing on our efforts in Urdu, and when
(To be concluded in our next.)
nearer to us.
THE STORY OF THE LIFE OF DR. KRAPF, August 5th.— To-day Kivoi introduced me to a native of the tribe The Pioneer-Missionary of East Africa.
Uembu, whose territory lies to the nori h-west, quite close to the snowTOLD BY HIMSELF.
mountain Kenia. He told me that he had frequently been to the moun
tain, but had not ascended it, because it contained kirira, a white subVIII.-ADVENTURES IN UKAMBANI.
stance, producing very great cold [snow). The white substance, he added, Y journey to Ukambani was commenced on July 11th, 1851. produced continually a quantity of water, which descended the mountain
The disorder, insane chatter, drunkenness, gluttony, and and formed a large lake, from which the river Dana took its rise. disobedience, of my people were great, and gave me much August 13th.-Many Wakamba were here to-day; they eat in groups in pain, until on the 141h of July we left behind us the Kivoi's yard, where I had an opportunity of becoming acquainted with
inhabited country, and reached the great wilderness at them, and of speaking to them respecting the salvation of their souls. Ndunguni, when the Wanika were obliged to be quiet and silent. On August 18th.—When I informed the chief to-day of my wish to return the 15th we were met by a caravan of Wakamba coming from the interior to Yata, he said I was not to do so, as he would soon accompany me to the with ivory to the coast, and to some of them, who seated themselves on river Dana and to Mbe. He would afterwards go with me to Mombaz; the ground beside me, I explained the object of my journey. Ι
there I was to hire some Suahili, who could build me a substantial We reached the Tzawo in safety, and on the afternoon of the 26th, we dwelliog in Ukambani; he would then help me to visit all the countries crossed the Adi and began to ascend the high land of Yata, my destination round about, and I might do with him what I pleased. as a missionary. On the way, I besought earnestly in my heart the August 24th.- We started on our much-talked-of expedition yesterday Father of all mercies to guide and help me to make a commencement of evening, our route being to the north and north-west. missionary work in this country.
August 25th. We broke up early, July 27th. I felt rather low-spirited,
and after a short march we came upon and this mood was somewhat aggra
four rhinoceroses grazing; but as we vated by the declaration of my Waniko,
did not disturb them they remained that next day they intended to return
quietly where they were. I used to to Rabbai with a Wakamba caravan
have a great dread of those ugly and wbich was journeying towards the
clumsy creatures, but by degrees I coast. I reminded them of their
grew accustomed to them. All day we undertaking to build me a dwelling
were gradually ascending ; there was place before they returned to the coast,
not a single tree to be seen, nothing which they did not deny, and at once set to work with it. In a few hours
August 26th.—While we were restthey had put together, with stakes
ing, the Wakamba saw a number of fetched from the wood, a miserable
vultures flying upward and downward. hencoop, scarcely six feet bigh, and
My servant ran immediately to the about as many feet broad and long,
spot and found a great piece of a fallowbut with which I was fain to be con
deer, wbich bad been seized and partly tent, as my things were lying in the
devoured in the morning by a lion, open air, and I had neither shelter by
whose footprints were apparent. I was day from the heat of the sun, nor by
glad of this roasting-joint, as Kivoi had night from the cold of the bitter blast
but indifferently fulfilled his promise of sweeping in from the southern moun
furnishing us with provisions during tains.
the journey, and on the first day we July 28th.-My Wanika started this
bad had nothing but bananas. After morning without finishing the roofing
we had enjoyed our venison, we conin of the hut with grass; and the
tinued our journey. single servant whom I had brought
August 27th. - When from Rabbai ran away, although I had
within a good league of the Dana, always treated him with particular
Kivoi's slaves on a sudden pointed affection and kindness. I could not
towards the forest towards which we
WAKAMBA TRIBE, FAST AFRICA. trust the Wakamba; my conscience
were marching from the grassy and forbade me to buy a slave; and yet I
treeless plain. I ran to Kivoi's side, was obliged to have some one who could look after my things, and to and sew a party of about ten men emerging from the forest, and soon whose care I could entrust my hut, and I saw that I must have a toler- afterwards came other and larger parties from another side, evidently with able servant and a better dwelling-place, if I was to settle in Yala. In the object of surrounding us. Our whole caravan was panic-stricken, and my hencoop I could neither write, nor read, nor sleep, and was continually the cry“ Meida,” they are robbers, ran through our ranks. A great conbesieged by the Wakamba, who by day, even before dawn, did not leave fusion arose; our people threw away their burdens, and discharged their me a moment alone. If I wished to read, they asked if I was trying to arrows at the enemy, begging me imploringly to fire as quickly as spy into their hearts, or whether I was looking for rain and inquiring I could. I fired twice, but in the air; for I could not bring myself after diseases; when I wrote, they wanted to know what I had written, and to shed the blood of man. Whilst I was reloading, a Mkamba rushed whether it contained sorcery. Every one of my movements was sharply past me wounded in the hip, a stream of blood flowing from him. observed. Many came to beg this or that, to see new things, or to buy Right and left fell the arrows at my feet, but without touching me. wares, as they took me for a merchant; others brought a few eggs or a When our people saw that they could not cope with an enemy 120 little meal, and then asked for twice or three times as much as their strong they took to flight and left me quite alone. I deemed it dow presents were worth; whilst others, again, wished merely to be amused.
time to think of flight, especially as in the confusion I could not My but had not even a door, so that I could not close it, and by night I distinguish friend from foe; so I set off at a run in the direction taken was safe peither from thieves nor from wild beasts.
by Rumu and his people; but scarcely had I gone some sixty paces, July 30th.—Meditating this morning on my painful position, I resolved when I came to a trench or rather the dried-up bed of a brook, some ten to visit the interior of Ukambani as far as the river Dana, and first of all to feet deep, and from four to five in width. The Uembu-people had thrown repair to my old friend Kivoi, with whose help I might attain my object. their loads into it, and leapt over the trench; but when I made the attempt
August 4th.-About noon we reached the village of the chief, Kivci. I fell into it, breaking the butt-end of my gun, and wounding my
haunches in the fall; and as I could not climb up the steep bank of the and I was troubled, too, by thoughts of the many wild beasts known to be brook I ran on along its bed until I came to a place where I could emerge in the neighbourhood of the Dana. I was so impeded and wearied by the from it. When I had gained the bank I ran on as fast as I could after tall grass that I determined to lie down and sleep, even if I were to die the Uembu-people, pursued by the arrows of the robbers which reached here in the wilderness; for it seemed as if I never should reach the coast the brook; but as I could not come up with the former, my gun and the again; but then I thought, straightway, that in no situation should man heavy ammunition in my pockets impeding my progress, I remained behind despair, but do the utmost for self-preservation and put his trust in God all alone in the forest; all my people had disappeared from before my face, as to the issue. I called to mind Mungo Park, who had been in a similar and not one of them was to be seen. I now ran on as quickly as I could strait in Western Africa. So, taking courage, I marched forward again as by the side of the brook into the forest. As I was re-entering the wood swiftly as I could, and in due course emerged from the jungle and reached two large rhinoceroses met my view, which were standing quietly in front the great plain. Believing myself on the right track, I lay down behind of me, some fifteen to twenty paces from me, but they soon turned aside a bush ; for I was so wearied out that I could scarcely keep my feet, and and disappeared in the forest. For eight or ten minutes I resumed my for protection against the keen wind which blew over the plain, I cut flight at a run, till I thought I was out of the robbers' track, and some dry grass and spread it over and under my body. emerged again into an open and grassy plain, where I lay down beneath After I had started again, I felt the pangs of hunger and thirst; the a tree, first of all giving thanks to the Father of mercy who had preserved water in my telescope-case bad run out, and that in the barrels of my gun me through so great a danger. I then reflected on my critical situation, which I had not drunk, bad been lost on my way, as the bushes had torn and the possibility of returning to Kivoi's village ; but how was I, without out the grass stoppers, and so I lost a portion of the invaluable fluid a guide, without food, and without a knowledge of the water-stations, to which in spite of the gunpowder-flavour imparted to it by the barrels, make a return-journey
thirst had rendered deof thirty-five or thirty
licious. My hunger six leagues ? In this
80 great that I difficulty I remembered
tried to chew leaves, that Heaven had yes
roots, and elephant's terday caused a lion to
excrement to stay it, furnish me with food;
and when day broke I was now one of
to break my fast on God's poor, for whom
ants. The roar of a He could and would
lion would have been provide ; “Man's ex
music in my ears, trusttremity is God's oppor
ing he would provide tunity!” My most
me with a meal. pressing and immediate
August 28th.—When want was water; for I
day dawned I saw that was extremely thirsty,
I was a good way from and had not had any
the Dana. I thanked thing to drink all day.
God for His preservaI knew that the Dana
tion of me during the was near at hand, and
night just gone by, and seeing at some distance
commended myself to very lofty trees, I con
His protection for the jectured that the bed
coming day. Soon of the river was there.
after daybreak I saw I saw, too, the moun
four immense rhinocetaia past the foot of
roses feeding behind which, as Kivoi told
some bushes ahead; me yesterday, the river
they stared at me but flows, and so I deter
did not move, and I mined to press forward DR. KRAPF LOST IN UKAMBANI, AUG. 28TH, 1851.
naturally made no atto the river, towards
tempt to disturb them. which I was not now
On the whole I was impelled by geographical curiosity, but by extreme thirst. As the country no longer afraid of wild beasts, and the only thought that occupied me through which I was wending my way was without either trees or brush- was how to reach Kitui as soon as possible. Coming to a sand-pit with wood, I was afraid of being seen by the robbers; yet the river had to be a somewhat moistish surface, like a bart panting for the waterbrooks, I reached at any cost. After a short march I came to a trodden pathway, anticipated the existence of the precious fluid, and dug in the sand for it, which I followed, and soon saw the surface of the river gleaming through but only to meet with disappointment; so I put some of the moist sand the trees and bushes on its banks with a pleasure wbich no pen can into my mouth, but this only increased my thirst. describe. After my thirst was satisfied, for want of water-bottles I filled About ten o'clock I began to descend, reaching a deep valley about noon, the leather case of my telescope as well as the barrels of my gun, which when I came upon the dry and sandy bed of the river. Scarcely had I was now useless to me; and I stopped up the mouths of the gun-barrels entered its bed, when I heard the chattering of monkeys, a most joyful with grass, and with bits of cloth cut off my trousers.
sound, for I knew that there must be water wherever monkeys appear in Revived by the water of the Dana, I began again to think of my return- a low-lying place. I followed the course of the bed and soon came to a journey, and as it was still day it did not appear advisable to proceed any pit dug by monkeys in the sand, in which I found the priceless water. I further at present, so I concealed myself behind the bushes, and waited thanked God for this great gift, and having quenched my thirst I first for nightfall; and then, as may be supposed, I could not see the path in filled my powder-horn, tying up the powder in my handkerchief, and then the deep darkness, but followed as much as possible the course of the my telescope-case, and the barrels of my gun. To still the pangs of wind; for as it was in our backs when we came, I judged rightly that bunger I took a handful of powder and ate with it some young shoots of returning I should always have it in my face. I wended on my way a tree, which grew near the water ; but they were bitter, and I soon felt through thick and thin, often tumbling into little pits, or over stones and severe pain in my stomach. trunks of trees; but the thorns and the tall grass impeded me most of all,
(To be continued.)