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while they are alive, and looking after them when they are old ancestral hall why come here to worship him ? " Sing Sang," and feeble, reminding them of the fact, which they acknowledge, they reply, with a laugh ; "we cannot tell. We just do it that many children in China who, while their parents were alive because our forefathers did.” “But," I say, " that argument is not treated them badly, after they are dead sacrifice at their graves, a good one ; doubtless some of your ancestors smoked opium, hoping thus to atone for their conduct in bygone days. And gambled, and did other bad things; ought you, therefore, to now an opportunity is afforded of telling them what we believe imitate them ?” “No," they say, certainly not.” “Well, so it with regard to death and the future life.

is with this worship ; it is useless. Your ancestors have no Meantime we have reached the grave, prettily situated in a power to help you. I hope you will one day believe in the one spot carefully selected by a “ Chooser of Lucky Sites," and we True God and Jesus Christ our Saviour, and then you will cease will sit down with them while they have a rest and a smoke, and all this sort of thing.” They listen quietly and respectfully, and try to find out what they really believe with regard to the spirits we will now sit quietly by while they commence their worship. of the dead. We will ask them where they suppose their grand- The hoe is first brought into requisition, and the weeds, &c., father is. Why,” they say, “we don't know ; some say he is which have sprung up in and around the tomb since their last in the coffin, others that he is in the ancestral hall in the village.” visit are carefully removed. While this is being done the “But,” I say, “if he is in the coffin, what power can he have to pro- baskets have been opened and their contents taken out. We tect you as you are about to ask him to do? and if he is in the notice there are two roast ducks, some pork, and cakes of all


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sorts and sizes. Some look very nice and some very nasty. GLEANINGS FROM BISHOP SARGENT'S JOURNAL These are placed on plates upon a ledge, just in front of the tombstone, some three feet from the ground, and again in front

IN TINNEVELLY,* of these a row of wine cups is placed. From another basket

N sending some notes from my journal, I am fulfilling a one of the number now produces an official hat with a red tassel

kindly duty, in first of all stating how deeply I feel the and a long blue robe, such as the literary class usually wear.

sympathy and love shown me by our Native Christians These he puts on, as he has been appointed to read the liturgy

from all parts of the Tinnevelly District. It seemed appointed at these sacrifices. All being ready, the boy beats the

to me that if I had lived for nothing else than merely cymbal very vigorously to wake up the poor old grandfather and to gain the goodwill and affections of so many fellow-men, I have let him know that his grandchildren have not forgotten him, and humanly speaking not lived in vain. But when I look deeper, and see certainly, if it were possible, the noise is sufficiently great to how many of these love me for the Gospel's sake, and how many bave arouse him. The grandly dressed gentleman now begins to read. pleaded with God to restore my health, I feel on returning to my work He asks the Spirit of the Moun

as if entering on most pleasurable tains to protect his grandfather

duties with new and enlarged reand let him rest in peace, to keep

sponsibilities and encouragements. evil influences from his grave,

From the railway I was escorted &c. He then addresses the

almost direct to the church, where deceased, asking him to protect

the loud response of so many huothese his descendants, to pre

dreds of Christian worshippers serve them from evil spirits, to

showed their hearty belief that give them a good harvest, and

God had answered their prayers, to grant them a long life and

and impressed me with the serious many children, &c. The wor

self-inquiry,--why have I been shippers then kneel in front of

brought back ? Surely the earnest the grave three times, wine

desire ought to be mine of coming being poured into the cups at

among them in “the fulness of the each prostration. The paper

blessing of the Gospel of Cbrist.” money and incense is now

I am perlaps somewhat more outburnt in front of the grave, the

spoken on this subject than some idea being that in some inex

people may think correct, but I do

so because it is a generally sweepplicable manner the money is available for the use of the

ing charge against our Native

people, that they have no gratitude. grandfather in the nether world. All being now finished,

I cannot join in this sweeping the food is collected together

charge, and as my experience does

not accord with it, I must give my and taken home, where a feast

testimony as I find. is made, and on such occasions anfortunately some of them

14th July, 1881, Thursday.A

few hours before I got back to my frequently take too much wine

post a Native pastor had passed to and become very boisterous

bis account, with whom for many and rude.

years I had held the most pleasing The next day (Sunday), at

intercourse. The Rev. W. Perian

ayagam bad been educated in our Ku-Cheng, the Native clergy

English school under Mr. Cruickman, the Rev. Ngoi Kaik-Ki,

sbanks; and Mr. Newman at first preached a very appropriate

employed bim in Mission school sermon on this subject, select

work. After a few years of preing as his text the first six

paration in our Theological class,

be was admitted to Holy Orders in verses of the tenth chapter of

1859, being then 34 years of age, Hebrews. He pointed out the

and was appointed to the Palamfolly of this grave worshipping,

cottah or Tinnevelly District. For showing how, apart from any

a few months in 1863 he was on an scriptural teaching on the sub

emergency removed to Strivilliputject, their own books testified BISHOP SABGENT, OF TINNEVELLY.

tur, and next year to Alvaneri,

where he laboured to the end of life. that it was of comparatively

There are few men with whom I felt late origin ; that even Confucius, their great sage, never com- more at home in conversing on social and religious subjects. He had a manded it ; that he was unable to find the grave of his own

very tender spirit, sympathising deeply with his people when in trouble, father. He then went on to show how directly contrary to the

and dealing kindly and lovingly with those who opposed him. He was

a thoroughly reliable man-truthful and painstaking in discharging bis teaching of Scripture such worship was ; how all sacrifices, even duties, but naturally somewhat timid and diffident. When he took charge those ordained temporarily by God Himself, had now ceased since of Alvaperi there were 1,323 Christians in that district, and at the close the one great Sacrifice of Calvary had been offered ; but that of his service there were 2,146. How many were aided in their religious there were certain spiritual sacrifices demanded of us, viz., life by his example the great day will declare. During my absence on praise and thanksgiving, a contrite and broken spirit, and the * In the spring of last year, Bishop Sargent was very ill, and was absent offering up of our own selves to God as living sacrifices.

from Tinnevelly four months. The journal from which we have taken some

extracts for this and succeeding numbers of the GLEANER begins at his return Will not the readers of the GLEANER pray that the Chinese

to work in July, 1881. During his four months' absence, no less than 1,046 may be led to see the uselessness and folly of ancestral worship, persons joined the Christian community, to be instructed for baptism, while so that this great impediment to the spread of Christ's kingdom 146 of those who joined during the famine three or four years ago went


Within the six months after his return, Bishop Sargent confirmed 2,565 Native in this land of Sinim may be speedily removed ?




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the Hills he got very sick, and went to Nazareth for medical advice under Public Works), a pattern of Christian propriety to all around. I wish I the Rev. A. Marcoschis of the S.P.G. There was a complication of could speak more favourably of the results of our Anglo-Vernacular school ailments, the chief source of suffering being a large carbuncle on the back, in this place. I think that only some two cases of conversion have near the spine. Mr. Margoschis formed a bad opinion of the case from occurred among the higher classes during the 30 years that the school has the first, but did all that medical art and Christian brotherly kindness been in existence. This town is the bead-quarters of Hinduism in these could suggest. In informing me of the event, Mr. Margoschis says in his parts, and the large body of Brahmins, the temple, the processions, the letter, “I regarded him quite as an old friend. A great change took festivals, have all their influence against convictions which would lead a place yesterday, and he died this morning at 10 o'clock. He was full of respectable young man to desert the customs and practices of his family. faith and love towards his Saviour, and Death was robbed of all his terrors. 7th August, Sunday, Parappadi.--Arrived here very early, but not God grant that my last end may be like his. I cannot grieve for him, but feeling strong enough, was unable to attend the early morning service. I feel that the Church in Tinnevelly has lost one of its brightest | At the mid-day service, which was well attended, I preached to an orderly ornaments,

and attentive congregation. When the plate was being carried round for 28th July, Thursday.-At 10 A.M. sat down to breakfast with 20 Native the offertory, I observed a poor old woman near the door put in something pastors; after which the whole day was occupied almost exclusively in which had a strange appearance. On nearer view I found it was a ball of transacting business with the Church Council. There were 20 Native clean white cotton pressed by the hand into shape. This was all she could clergymen and 25 laymen present. One subject in which many seemed afford, wbile others put in their 3 or 6 pie. I did not observe a single to take a deep interest was the proposition that the Tinnevelly Church piece of silver. Still I must give the headmen the credit of being liberal. should send agents to the north of the Godavery among the Kois, and I have been paid 400 rupees to hold in trust till they can collect enough should supply funds for their support. It has struck our people as an to build a substantial church. Feeling better toward evening, I proceeded argument highly encouraging to them that a person in Major-General to Zion IIill, a place about two miles to the south. Many people here are, Haig's position should come out from the comforts of an English home, apparently, carnest, good people. A pastor has lately been located in the and give himself to do what he can, personally, for awhile, to help forward village, which is almost entirely Christian, and the people are collecting this good work. I trust that the ardour now manifest will daily increase, money with the view of erecting a substantial church in lieu of the one and that the plan may liave a fair trial.

now in use, wbich is built of sun-burnt brick, and the roof thatched with In conversation with some of the pastors, the Rev. Perianayagam told palmyra leaves. I tried to find some likeness to the celebrated place of me that we had only last week lost a very good Christian man in Scripture times, but could find none. Not eren a mouud of any dimenPaneikulam. Several present exclaimed, “ Yes, he was a remarkably good siops to catch the eye. The only thing suggesting a resemblance was the man, so exemplary in Christian duties and so liberal to the poor, especially fact, that close by, on the south, lies a poiter's field.” Originally the beggars who might pass through the village; he would take them to his place was called “ Pannimooli” or Pig's corner.

Then the people house, feed them for the night, and send them away in the morning with changed the name into Panimali, as more euphonius. But dear dd a few pice in their hand.” The pastor added, not long ago he sold a Mr. Schaffter thought, while the place would surely be improved by the bullock to a heathen man from another village, settled the price and got introduction of the Gospel, the name might also be improved, and so the money, 21 rupees; but being Wednesday the purchaser did not like called it Zion Hill, and thus in all our Mission reports it has gone by this taking the bullock home, as that day is considered unlucky. So after new name. We had a full assembly for service, but I thought the young paying for it and settling the matter finally, he said he would come next people were not so ready in answering qnestions as they are in many

other day and take the bullock away. Next day when he came the bullock was places. found dead in the stall. The man began to express sorrow at his loss, 8th, Monday, Suviseshapuram.-IIad a very busy day here. Deputaknowing accordiog to general usage that he had no claim for compensation, tions from all parts of the district came in to congratulate me on my but old Savarimutti Nadan at once said, “ Don't grieve-your money shall recovery to health and return to work. The people of this district seem be restored," and so saying, he gave back the 21 rupees, to the great to think that they may claim a larger share of sympathy in me than astonishment of the heathen man.

others, because here it was I began my Missionary work. They seem to 30th July, Saturday.--Arrived at Panneivilei at 3 in the morning. At say that if others are my children, they are my grandchildren, and tender 9 o'clock met the Native clergymen at breakfast, and had the opportunity indulgences must be allowed them! I was sorry to see the amount of of learning from each the condition of his pastorate. After this, received sugar each party presented-sugar of the finest description. The bazaar deputations from several congregations sent to congratulate me on my men must have had a profitable time of it. I now arrange, when expecreturn among them. At 12 o'clock the Church Council met, and business sive presents are thus made to me, to have the articles sold and carried to occupied us for several hours. In one village it was found that several the Church Fund. The fruit is always given to the school-children, who, no had relapsed into heathenism, owing to their falling sick, and as the doctors doubt, wish that I could come there more frequently than I do. From who treat them are heathen, so soon as they find that the remedies they all that transpired in the reports of the agents and the remarks of the lay prescribe fail, they assert that the evil arises from the malignant spirits and members of the Council, I was pleased to think that in my absence from that they must be propitiated by offerings or sacrifices. In the evening Tinnevelly matters had gone on so quietly and orderly in these parts. The several parties came to congratulate me on my return to work; among schools have done well in their examination by Government iospectors, others was a man whom I took for a Christian, but he came nearer and and the congregations have not fallen off in numbers or in their contrialmost whispered in my ear, “Not altogether a Christian according to your butions to the Church Fund. opinion, but in reality more than three-quarters so. But what can I do, 9th, Tuesday, Kodengulam.-I left Suviseshapuram at 10 o'clock last having so many relations around me? I am a Brahmin.” This arith- night, and about 2 this morning on the main road was aroused by the metical proportion is a favourite way with natives in describing many torchlights and cheers of our Christians from the neighbourhood. On things--a disca e is said to be cured 18 or 1.

arrival at the village in half an hour I found the church lighted up in an 31st July, Sunday.--Attended the early morning service, when only extravagant manner, the Native pastor expecting that I would wish at pravers are read without a sermon. After prayers many left, but a goodly once to have service with the people on this my first visit to the place. number remained for Bible classes. With pencil in hand I noted down But such a duty was quite out of my mind, for I had left Suviseshapuram the attendance. On the side for males there were 10 classes, containing

more or less because I could not stand another hard day's work there. I 130 men and boys. On the other side for females were 6 classes, containing wanted rest and quiet. This place, containing 192 Christians, has been 105 women and girls. I was unable to take a class myself, but the Rev. occupied by a pastor only within the la-t six months, and is attached to Mr. Isaac had a very interesting one of 27 women, young and old. The

the Alvaneri Circle of Palamcottah District. It lies almost on the direct mid-day service was well attended - the church full to overflowing. I road across country to Suviseshapuram, and fills up a space wbich had preached from Mark x. 51, and could not have desired to address a more hitherto been a blank in our Missionary map. One of our very nice conattentive audience.

gregations, in a village close by, has been sadly persecuted by the landIn the evening started for Streeviguntam, the most important town in owners from the time they became Christians, three years ago. But now this neighbourhood. The chief man of the place hearing that I was to matters have quieted down, and as the people will not go back, and since visit the village, came out about half a mile on the way to meet me and they prove by their respectful and orderly conduct that they are worth have a little quiet talk before I should get surrounded by my own people. some consideration, the landowner has kindly come to terms. He professed the sincerest pleasure at seeing me after my trying illness, I had the school-children for an hour; heard the upper classes of bors and observed how he had heard from all quarters that the Christians were and girls read, and catechised them. They are all Christians, and were praying for me, and he added, “I may say not they only but many fairly up in Scripture subjects, which had lately formed part of their Hindus have thought of you in the same way, and now we see that lessons ; but, with only one or two exceptions, they did not seem familiar Providence has kindly brought you back to Timevelly.” Service is bere with other subjects of Bible History. The church here, though built of held in the English schoolroom. As I entered it, I found it filled from sun-burnt brick and roofed with palmyra leaves, is a very neat building. end to end. Some 70 and more people had come from Pudukudy, half a The schoolroom stands at the opposite end of the village. There are two mile off on the other side of the river. The Christians of the place are families of Naicks living in a hamlet about half a mile off

, who have grtally chi ly our school-teachers and a few Government oflicials. Here also is a befriended our Cbris iar in temporal matters. They have not as yet promost worthy East Indian family connected with the Department of

fessed themselves Christians, but they have given up more or less Hindu


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observances, and express a great admiration of Christianity. I speak of the men, for the women are, I fear, unchanged. Before the time fixed for service the pastor came to me when alone and said, “I have long purposed to make an offering to God's cause in Mission work for the mercies I have experienced; may I give you the money here or may I send it after you to Palamcottah?” I replied, that a good work had as well be done at once if possible, and asked, “What is the amount ? ” Fifty rupees.” “Oh,” I said, " that is a large sum ; now think well before you act. If by this means you incur debt, you will be doing wrong in giving such a sum, and instead of your gift being an acceptable one before God, it will be otherwise.” He re lied, " I incur no debt; six years ago I made up my mind to do something, and year by year have saved a little, till now it has amounted to this sum." The Bible was on the table before me, so I opened it at the 20th Psalm, and gave it to him to read out. Then I added, “ The offering most acceptable to God is first of all the offering of self, of the heart; if you can say you have already made that offering, and that you have not got into debt by what you now purpose doing, bring the offering here, and the third verse of what you have just read is my wish for you.” “I can do so," he said, went out, and in a few minutes came in and laid the 50 rupees on the table.

(To be continued.)


* And she that tarried at home divided the spoil.COULD not do the work the reapers did,

Or bind the golden sheaves that thickly fell; But I could follow by the Master's side,

· Watching the marrèd Face I loved so well. Right in my path lay many a ripened ear

Which I would stoop and gather joyfully, I did not know the Master placed them there,

* Handfuls of purpose" that He left for me. I could not cast the heavy fisher net,

I had not strength or wisdom for the task, So on the sun-lit sands, with spray-drops wet

I sat, while earnest prayers rose thick and fast; I pleaded for the Master's blessing, where

My brethren toiled upon the wide world sea; Or ever that I knew, His smile so fair

Shone, beaming sweet encouragement on me. I could not join the glorious soldier band,

I never heard their thrilling battle-cry, The work allotted by the Master's hand

Kept me at home, while others went to die. And yet, when victory crowned the struggle long,

And spoils were homeward brought, both rich and rare, He let me help to chant the triumph song,

And bade me in the gold and jewels share. Oh, Master dear! the tiniest work for Thee

Finds recompense beyond our highest thought, And feeble hands that worked but tremblingly,

The richest colours in Thy Fabric wrought.
We are content to take what Thou shalt give

To do, or suffer, as Thy choice shall be;
Forsaking all Thy wisdom bids us leave,
Glad in the thought that we are pleasing Thee !


T Nyarakkal, in Travancore, there lives in his own small compound a

Christian named Moses, who has been afflicted with leprosy, which

has deprived him of the top-joints of eight toes, and I forget how many joints. He lives about a mile from the high-road on the borders of some paddy fields, where his heathen Pulayan neighbours and a few converts from among them work during the sowing and barvest times. (The Pulayans are an out-caste people, formerly slaves.) The nearest place of worship for them is an out-station at Muttapallam, half way to Cottayam, but as their road thither is a public thoroughfare frequented by the high castes, it is difficult for them to attend. Moses was anxious to have a congregation near his own hut, and also to be the means of bringing the light to the heathen Pulayans about him. To gratify his earnest desire I sent a "slave" teacher to the place, as an experiment for a year only, not knowing how long we should be able to continue the man's salary, owiog to the constant reduction in the C.M.S. grant. However, a rich Syrian from near Tiruwella made an offering in Cottayam Church of an English sovereign and 55 rupees for the purpose of preaching the Gospel to the heathen. This sum I devoted to Nyarakkal.

In December I accompanied the Rev. Koshi Koshi to Nyarakkal, where there were now forty candidates for baptism. They willingly gave up a day's work that they might be examined and baptized. Mr. Koshi carried them in a rigid examination over the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Commaodments. Some answered very well, some had to be rejected. There was one man suffering from acute dysentery. Once before he had put himself under instruction, but having been attacked by the disease, he had backslidden into worship of devils, thinking that they had afflicted him with the disease. When he got better he again came forward, and now the second time his old complaint has laid him low, but the Holy Spirit has blessed the teaching given him, and he believes it is only a Father's chastisement, and is no longer afraid of the demons. He was accepted.

They had been assembling every evening for some months, and the men were in the habit of sleeping in the prayer-house in Moses' compound, as their daily instruction did not finish till midnight. Mr. Koshi was quite struck with their evident earnestness. Those whose baptism was deferred were quite downcast, but they had to be miserable.

Their sorcerer and devil dancer some time ago gave me his chank, or large shell, which he used to spin when patients wished him to visit them, to ascertain from what direction the evil spirit in any particular instance had come to afflict his clients or patients. There is a large hole worn on one side of the shell owing to its frequent use. I have also the bell used for the same purpose.

When the service was over and the address, &c., finished, old Moses said, "Now I can die in peace, since God has sent the light to these people.” In a sense they are his spiritual children.


HE Rev. J. C. Hoare describes the Mission day-schools in the

country districts round Ningpo, in which both heathen and

Christian Chinese boys are taught : It is interesting to notice how well the Christian boys did in the examination; none failed to reach the third class, the majority of the first class were Christians, whilst in the first and second classes combined nearly half were Christians, though the proportion of Christians to heathens is less than one to four. I attribute this in part to the fact that the Christian parents are getting more alive to the importance of early education, but I also most truly believe that the Holy Spirit of God quickens the understandings of these little boys. When I tell you that to obtain a first class place, a boy has to repeat twenty-four pages of Scripture-say the whole of St. Mark’s Gospel-thrice that amount of Native classics, in addition to reading and writing in both the Chinese character and the Roman character, the repetition of the Catechism, and a vivâ voce examination in the life of our Lord and one or two books of the Old Testament, you will appreciate the fact that Chinese boys of the age of twelve have considerable powers of work, and that the young schoolmasters who teach them have to work hard to attain to such good results.

The viva voce examivation in Scripture is always extremely interesting: Ask them what I will in the set subjects, they seldom fail to give a correct answer; usually in words very nearly approximating to the words of Scripture. We surely cannot but believe that the seed thus sown in the hearts of these boys will bring forth fruit hereafter unto eternal life. For the teaching done in these schools is not mere training of the intellect; some of the masters, at any rate, realise fully that their work is to lead these boys to the Saviour. Not long ago I was catechising the Tsôngts'eng school during a Sunday afternoon service, and was speaking of the fatherly care which God takes of all His cbildren. After speaking at some length about the temporal blessings of food and raiment, I asked, scarcely expecting an answer, “But what clothing does God provide for the soul ? " Without any hesitation, a small boy of eleven years oldthe only Christian in the school-cried out, “The righteousness of Christ.”

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The Way of Salvation in One Sentence. PARTY of Missionaries and Native Christian Evangelists were preaching

lately at a Hindu festival at Ochira, in Travancore. A young Hindu thought to puzzle the Christian band by asking them to explain the way of salvation in one sentence, “as he wished them to be very brief.” One of the evangelists instantly replied, “ I can do so," and then exclaimed at the top of his voice, “ The blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth us from all sin."



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