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النشر الإلكتروني

1904

AN

ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY

OF

GREAT BRITAIN,

Chiefly of England,

FROM THE FIRST PLANTING OF CHRISTIANITY, TO THE END OF

THE REIGN OF KING CHARLES THE SECOND;

WITH A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE

AFFAIRS OF RELIGION IN IRELAND.

COLLECTED FROM THE BEST ANCIENT HISTORIANS, COUNCILS, AND RECORDS,

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WITH A LIFE OF THE AUTHOR, EMBRACING A VIEW OF HIS OPINIONS, AND THOSE
OF THE NONJURORS AS A BODY,

BY THOMAS LATHBURY, M.A.

AUTHOR OF "A HISTORY OF THE NONJURORS;"

THE CONTROVERSIAL TRACTS CONNECTED WITH THE HISTORY, AND A NEW AND
MUCH ENLARGED INDEX.

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Englan
Pickering

5-18-29
19270

CONTENTS

OF

THE SECOND VOLUME.

King William not crowned by archbishop Stigand, and why, 1.—The king is said to

have taken an oath to the English at his coronation, 2.-He governs arbitrarily, 2.—

Abbot Egelsin quits the kingdom, and why, 3.-The king bears hard upon the

liberties of the Church, 3.-A great alteration in the English customs and consti-

tutions, 4.-The dissolution of manners among the English at the Norman Conquest,

4. The king carries archbishop Stigand into Normandy, 6.-The cathedral at York

burnt, 6.-Marianus Scotus; his character, 6.-The monasteries rifled by the

Conqueror, 7.-The tenures of the Church altered, 7.—Stigand deposed in a synod,

7. His death, 10.-Lanfranc preferred to the see of Canterbury, 10-The solemnity

of his consecration, 11.-A dispute between the see of York and Canterbury, 13.—

The archbishop of York revives his claim at Rome, 14.-The controversy decided in

behalf of Canterbury at Windsor, 15.—King Malcolm does homage to the Conqueror,

17. The death of Egelwin, bishop of Durham, 18.-A synod held at London, 19.-

The primitive bishops fixed their sees where they thought fit, 20.-None but bishops

and abbots allowed to speak in the synod without leave, 21.-The legislative autho-

rity of synods wholly in the bishops, 21.-A council held at Winchester, 26.-This

synod gives a liberty to married priests denied by the pope, 28.—An account of the

form and proceedings of diocesan synods, 29.-Patrick, bishop of Dublin, consecrated

by Lanfranc, 30.-The letter of the clergy and people of Dublin to that archbishop,

31.-Reverendissime Fili, 32.-Lanfranc's letter to Gothric, king of Dublin, 32.—

Donagh, first bishop of Dublin, 33.-Lanfranc's letter to Torlogh, king of Dublin, 33.

-The bishop of Durham murdered, 36.-Odo's character from Pictaviensis, 38.-

Odo endeavours to gain the popedom, 39-Odo is arrested by the king, and im-

prisoned in Normandy, 40.-Huntington's character of king William, 41.-The

Conqueror's justice and favour to the Church, 42.- The civil and ecclesiastical courts

separated, 42. He orders a restitution of the Church lands seized by his Normans,

43. The privileges of manors explained, 44.-William, bishop of London, a great

benefactor to that city, 44.-The charter of Battle-Abbey, 45.-The independency

of the Church upon the state, in matters purely spiritual, 45.-The Conqueror's

answer to the pope's demand of homage, 51.-No bishops set aside in the Conqueror's

reign without synodical deprivation, 51.-William Rufus crowned by Lanfranc, 52.-

The death of Lanfranc, with his character, 53.-Lanfranc writes against Berengarius,

54.-A short account of Berengarius and his doctrine, 55.—Lanfranc's argument

against Berengarius not cogent, 58.-The see of Canterbury vacant for three years,

62. The king's seizing the revenues of vacant bishopricks unprecedented, 62.—No

pope owned in England for several years, 63.-Remigius removes his see from

Dorchester to Lincoln, and builds that cathedral, 64.-Margaret, queen of Scotland,

an admirable princess, 64.-Anselm draws up a form of publick prayer, 65.-Anselm

nominated to the see of Canterbury; he declines the promotion, but yields at last to

the importunity of the court and bishops, 65.-The archbishop consults Wulstan

about the right of consecrating churches in a foreign diocese, 68.—The king disgusted

with the archbishop's remonstrance, 69.-Anselm endeavours for the king's favour,

and applies to the bishops for their mediation, 69.-The king displeased at Anselm's

owning the pope without leave from him, 70.-A council at Rockingham to put an

end to this difference, 71.-The bishops desert Anselm, and renounce their canonical

obedience, 72.-The temporal nobility refuse to disclaim him, 72.—The controversy

suspended for some time, 73.-The pope's nuncio comes privately with a pall into

England, 74.-The king owns Urban for pope, 75.-And is reconciled to the arch-

bishop, 76.-Bishop Wulstan's death, 76.-Bishop of Dublin consecrated by the arch-

bishop, 77.-The pope's speech in the council of Clermont to encourage the holy

war, 78. The expedition against the Saracens undertaken, 80.-Peter the Hermit

preaches up the holy war, 80.-The death of William, bishop of Durham, 81.-

His character, 81.-Waterford erected into a bishoprick, 82.-A new breach between

the king and Anselm, 82.-Anselm resolves upon a voyage to Rome, but could not

procure the king's leave, 83.—The king receives the archbishop's blessing at parting,

85. The archbishop embarks for Rome, 86.-.He is well received by foreign princes

and prelates, 87.-He assists at the council of Bari, and confutes the prelates of the

Greek Church, 87.-He prevents the king's being excommunicated, 88.-The court

of Rome, bribed by the English ambassador, desert Anselm, 90.—He is present at a

synod at Rome, 90.-Bishops and abbots forbidden to receive investiture from any

of the laity, 92.-The death of king William Rufus, 92.-His character, 93.-The

dissolution of manners in his reign, 93.-Nullus clericus nisi causidicus: nullus

Presbyter nisi firmarius, 94.—King Henry's coronation, 94.-His concessions to the

Church and state, 94.-Anselm refuses to take investiture from the king, 95.-The

matter respited till the Easter following, 95.-King Henry marries the princess Maud,

96. The case of those who retired to nunneries to secure their virtue, determined,

96.-Matthew Paris mistaken, 98.-The archbishop of Vienne's legatine character

disowned by the English Church, 98.-Ivo's letter to the king, 99.-The death of

Thomas, archbishop of York, 100.-His character, 100.-Nunnery of Clerkenwell

and priory of St. John of Jerusalem founded, 101.-Anselm very serviceable to the

king against his brother the duke of Normandy, 101.-Pope Paschal's letter to the

king upon the subject of investitures, 102.-The difference kept on foot between the

king and Anselm, 105.-Fresh agents sent to Rome, 106.-A mistake in sir Edward

Coke, 107.-The pope refuses the king's investitures, 108.-The pope's letter to

Anselm, 108.-The agents disagree in the report of their negotiation, 109.-The dis-

pute respited till the pope is further consulted, 110.-A national council at London,

111.-Reinelm and William refuse consecration upon the king's pastoral staff, 113.-

Anselm desired to go to Rome to persuade the pope to give up the investitures, 114.

Pope Paschal's letter to Anselm, 115.-The king sends another embassy to Rome,

but without success, 116.-The pope writes a ceremonious letter to the king, 116.-

Anselm returns to Lyons, where he receives a reprimanding letter from an English

monk, 117.-The countess of Blois promotes an agreement between the king and

Anselm, 118.-Robert, duke of Normandy, loses great part of his duchy, 118.-The

difference between the king and Anselm taken up in some measure, 118.—Another

expostulatory letter sent from England to Anselm, 119.-A body of priests petition

the king for redress of grievances, but without success, 120.-The English bishops

solicit Anselm to return, 120.-Pope Paschal writes to Anselm, 121.-The king

reconciled to Anselm, 121.-Anselm's arrival in England, 122.-King Henry's

pretence for attacking his brother in Normandy, 122. The grounds of the war

unjustifiable, 123.-King Henry gains the battle of Tenerchebray, and by that the

duchy of Normandy, 123.—The pope dispenses with the canons in the case of clergy-

men's sons, 124.-The king renounces the investitures, 124.-The queen's letter to

Anselm, 125.-Anselm's letter to Alexander, king of Scotland, 125.—The monastery

of Ely made a bishop's see, 126.—The character of Godfrid, prior of Winchester, 127.

King Henry's charter for erecting the diocese of Ely, 128.-The genuineness of it

questionable, 128.-Another synod at London, 129.-Severe canons against the

married clergy, 129.-Several of the clergy refused to acquiesce in the synod, 130.-

An oppressive custom put down, 130.—Anselm receives homage of the bishop of

Rochester, and why, 131.-Turgot elected bishop of St. Andrew's, 131.-Thomas,

elect of York, endeavours to disengage himself from a dependency upon the see of

Canterbury, 132.—Anselm's last letter to all the English bishops, 133.-His death,

133. His writings and character, 134.-The bishops' resolution, 136. The king

complies with the contents of Anselm's last letter, 137.-Thomas, elect of York,

yields, and professes canonical obedience to the see of Canterbury, 137.-The death

of Ingulphus, 137.-The see of Canterbury kept vacant, 138.-Joffrid, abbot of

Croyland, gives occasion to the founding the university of Cambridge, 138.-Four

monks the first professors in Cambridge, 139.-The emperor Henry extorts the

investitures from the pope, 140.-An inquiry into the original and claim of investi-

tures, 140.-The council of Rome under Adrian I. disproved, 142.-Lewis, son to

Charles the Great, restores the freedom of elections to bishoprics, 143.-The business

of investitures further examined, 144.-Pope Gregory VII. declares against them,

and why, 144.-The moderation of the French kings in this point, 145.-The progress

of this dispute between Henry V. and pope Paschal, 145.-Pope Callistus II. puts an

end to this controversy, 146.-An equitable temper between the mitre and crown

agreed to by king Henry I., 147.-Ralph, bishop of Rochester, translated to the see

of Canterbury, 148.-The English admitted to no preferments in the Church, 149.—

The pall sent him from Rome, 149.-The pope's expostulatory letters, 150.-The

Roman legates not owned in England, 151.—Their avarice, 151.-Pope Paschal's

letter to the king and bishops, 151.-Brief remarks upon the pope's letter, 154.—

Baronius and Bellarmine give up the decretal epistles, 155.-The bishop of Exeter

sent ambassador to Rome, 156.-Bernard, bishop of St. David's, lays claim to

metropolitan jurisdiction, 156.-The death of Turgot, bishop of St. Andrew's, 157.—

King Alexander's letter to the archbishop of Canterbury, 157.-The bishops promise

to stand by William, the king's son, 157.-The contest between York and Canterbury

revived, 158.—The archbishop of Canterbury takes a journey to Rome to complain

of the innovation of a legate, 158.-The pope's answer general and undecisive, 159.—

The pope seems partial to Thurstan, elect of York, 159.—The death of pope Paschal,

and of his successor Gelasius, 160.-The death of Maud, queen of England, 160.—

Her character, 160.-The bishop of Mannes' letter to the queen, 161.-The bishop

of Mannes' second letter, 162.-Part of the nobility of Normandy revolt from King

Henry, 163.-His speech to his troops, 164.-The institution of the order of Knights

Templars, 164.-The English Church divided about owning the two popes, Calixtus

and Gregory, 165.-The council of Rheims, 166.-Thurstan and Calixtus prevari-

cate, 166.-An interview between the pope and king Henry, 167.-No foreign legate

to come into England unless at the king's instance, 168.-The pope threatens the

kingdom with an interdict, 168.-His appearing for Thurstan indefensible, 169.-The

death of Herbert, bishop of Norwich, 170.-Eadmer elected bishop of St. Andrew's,

171.-A dispute about his consecration, 171.—He quits his see and returns to Canter-

bury, 172.-Prince William cast away at Barfleur, 173.-The bishop of Mannes' con-

solatory letter to the king, 173.-The pope's favour to the English pilgrims, 174.—

The king engages in a second marriage, 175.-Eadmer's letter to the king of Scotland,

176.—The death of archbishop Ralph, 177.—The episcopal see removed from Wells

to Bath, 177.-The bishop purchases that town of the king, 177.-The bishop of

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