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النشر الإلكتروني

OF THE ABUSE OF WORDS.

SECT.

1. Abuse of words.

2, 3. First, words without any, or without clear ideas.
4. Occasioned by learning names, before the ideas they be-

long to.
5. Secondly, a steady application of them.
6. Thirdly, affected obscurity, by wrong application.
7. Logic and dispute have much contributed to this.
8. Calling it subtilty.
9. This learning very little benefits society.

10. But destroys the instruments of knowledge and com-

munication.

11. As useful as to confound the sound of the letters.

12. This art has perplexed religion and justice.

13. And ought not to pass for learning.

14. Fourthly, taking them for things.

15. Instance in matter.

16. This makes’errors lasting.

17. Fifthly, setting them for what they cannot signify.

18. V. g. putting them for the real essences of substances.

19. Hence we think every change of our idea in substances,

not to change the species.

20. The cause of this abuse, a supposition of nature's working

always regularly.
21. This abuse contains two false suppositions.
22. Sixthly, a supposition that words have a certain and evi-

dent signification.
23. The ends of language: first, to convey our ideas.

BOOK IV.

.

CHAPTER II.

OF THE DEGREES OF OUR KNOWLEDGE.

SECT.

1. Intuitive.

2. Demonstrative.

3. Depends on proofs.

4. But not so easy.

5. Not without precedent doubt.

6. Not so clear.

7. Each step must have intuitive evidence.
8. Hence the mistake ex præcognitis et præconcessis.

9. Demonstration not limited to quantity.
10-13. Why it has been so thought.

14. Sensitive knowledge of particular existence.
15. Knowledge not always clear, where the ideas are so.

OF THE EXTENT OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE.

SECT.

1. First, no farther than we have ideas.

2. Secondly, no farther than we can perceive their agreement

or disagreement.

3. Thirdly, intuitive knowledge extends itself not to all the

relations of all our ideas.
4. Fourthly, not demonstrative knowledge.

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