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Duke of Hamilton and Sir Marmaduke Langdale, with a combined
army of English and Scotch of the royal party, were defeated with great slaughter by a much inferior number under Cromwell and Lambert; the battle was fought on Ribbleton Moor, to the eastward of the town, and also at the pass of the bridge, the Scotch were pursued by Lambert quite to Wigan.
In the year 1715, a rebellion breaking out in Scotland in favour of the Pretender, a party of Scots marched into England, and being joined by several disaffected people, especially papists, came to Preston in the month of November, (they were commanded by General Forster, and took the town and defended it for some time against the king's troops, by means of baricadoes,) where they were met and beaten by the king's forces under the command' of the Generals Willes and Carpenter. Many of them being taken prisoners, were tried, found guilty of high treason, and executed in January and February following, viz. Richard Chorley of Chorley, Esq., Mr. Shuttleworth of Preston, Mr. Roger Moncaster, an attorney at Garstang, Mr. John Ord of Lancaster, Mr. Thomas Cowp of Walton-in-the-Dale, all neighbouring gentlemen, and seven or eight others at Preston"; five at Wigan ; five at Manchester, of which Thomas Siddall, a blacksmith and captain of the mob, was one, and his head was set up on the cross there; four at Lancaster; four at Garstang, and four at Liverpool, one of which was Mr. Collingwood, who had an estate of 20001. per annum. Also, in 1745, another rebellion broke out in favour of the same Pretender, when the Scots again entered England by Carlisle, which they took, and marching to Derby, they retreated from hence before the Duke of Cumberland, who re-took Carlisle, after a few days seige, on 30th December, 1745, and totally defeated them at Culloden, 16th April, 1746.
P.S. For this nine of the Manchester men taken at Carlisle were executed at Kennington Common, near London, 30th July, 1746, and the heads of Mr. Francis Townley, a younger brother of the Townley family, and Mr. Fletcher, were fixed upon Temple Bar, and those of Mr. Thomas Deacon, son of a physician at Manchester, and Thomas Syddal a barber there, son of the above Thomas Syddal, blacksmith, on the top of the Exchange at Manchester, 18th September, 1746.
On Tuesday morning at eleven o'clock, a quartermaster of the rebels came to Preston ; at twelve, Lord Elcho entered the town, at the head of 140 horse, who, after being drawn up in the market-place, he ordered down to Walton Hall; and in the evening the Pretender came with about 1500 or 2000 foot. I got about thirty miles on my journey that night to General Wentworth ; and after riding seventy-eight miles the next day, met with him at ten o'clock at night at Ferry Hill near Durham, where all the foot were encamped: they are this night encamped four miles from Darlington, and design to proceed directly to Lancashire, unless the rebels move the Yorkshire road.
Preston, December 15, Sunday Noon. The bread ordered from Liverpool is now ordered to return back, two battalions of foot guards marching to this place from Wigan are ordered to return, a regiment of dragoons are marched this morning Wigan road, the reason of the orders given are a secret at present, a report prevails that Marshal Wade has stopped them at Lancaster, but I can't give it you with certainty, some few prisoners were brought in last night, and more they say coming ; a report was likewise spread here that the rebels had secured shipping at Lancaster, to carry off the principal officers, upon which we told some of the officers that their retreat that way we apprehended might easily be prevented, on which we were brought to the duke's quarters, and a report made to his highness. Sir Everard Fawkener came soon to let us know his royal highness
apprehended no danger of that kind, I shall have an opportunity to write again before I leave this town, if any thing material you may expect to hear from me,
I am, &c.
P.S. No officer of note taken, one Mr. Kenzie a captain is the only one of any account, Lord Elcho is among the rebels not taken.
Preston, December 16. This morning we have orders from Sir Everard Fawkener to send the bread forwards that was ordered back yesterday, and the forces that are here were yesterday ordered to march directly for London, but an express arrived at four this morning, which has ordered the forces to march to the northward, and are now marching out of town: the reason rumoured bere is, that some of our admirals have fallen in with the French fleet, which were designed to land forces in the south and destroyed them ; the rebels are at Kendal, and we expect daily to hear of Wade's being before them, the rear of the rebels marched out of Lancaster yesterday morning eight o'clock.*
* It is well known at Long Preston, near Settle in Yorkshire, that in the year 1745 a buxom, handsome young woman of that place, anxious to see the Pretender and his army, went to Preston in Lancasbire for that purpose, a distance of about thirty-eight miles, and after gratifying her curiosity, and staying some time in or near the rebel camp, returned to her native village. This became so much the subject of general conversation, that it was the occasion of producing a ballad, which obtained as much notoriety in Ribblesdale as the famous historical ballad of Chevy Chace. The gentleman who has furnished this anecdote says, that he has frequently heard her sing the very song, of which she herself was the subject, twentyfive years after the occurrence, and she had then, though advanced in life, the remains of a handsome face and fine person, which had doubtless been impaired by time and a strong propensity to indulge in spirituous liquors. The strains of
This borough sent members to parliament in the 23rd, 26th, 33rd, and 35th of Edward I., and in the first of Edward II.; omitted sending till Edward VI.'s time, when it was restored.
PETITIONS, &c. March 25, 1698. A petition of Thomas Patton, esq., against the return of the Right Hon. Lord Willoughby, by means of undue practices.
Oct. 16. A petition from the same in substance with the former,
17. A petition of the mayor, bailiffs, aldermen, common council, and capital burgesses, of this borough, shewing that the Right Hon. Lord Willoughby was duly elected and returned, but is since called up to the House of
Long Preston Peggy to Proud Preston went,
was seldom carolled from her lips till she had been treated with half a dozen or more glasses of spirits.