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(deliverance. 27 For thou wilt save the afilicted and overtaken them: neither did I people ; but wilt bring down high looks. turn again till they were consumed.

28 For thou wilt light my candle: 38 I have wounded them that they the Lord my God will enlighten my were not able to rise : they are fallen darkness.

under my feet. 29 For by thee I have run through 39 For thou hast girded me with a troop; and by my God have I leaped strength unto the battle: thou hast over a wall.

subdued under me those that rose up the 30 As for God, his way is perfect: against me. the word of the Lord is tried: he 40 'Thou hast also given me the is a buckler to all those that trust in necks of mine enemies; that I might him.

destroy them that hate me. 31 For who is God save the Lord? 41 They cried, but there was none or who is a rock save our God?

to save them: even unto the LORD, 32 It is God that girdeth me with but he answered them not. strength, and maketh my way perfect. 42 Then did I beat them small as

33 He maketh my feet like hinds' the dust before the wind : I did cast feet, and setteth me upon my high them out as the dirt in the streets. places.

43 Thou hast delivered me from the 34 He teacheth my hands to war, strivings of the people ; and thou hast so that a bow of steel is broken hy made me the head of the heathen: a mine arms.

people whom I have not known shall 35 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation : and thy right 44 As soon as they hear of me, hand hath holden me up, and thy gen- they shall obey me : the strangers tleness hath made me great.

submit themselves unto me. 36 Thou hast enlarged my steps 45 The strangers shall fade away, under me, that my feet did not slip. and be afraid out of their close places,

37 I have pursued mine enemies, 46 The Lord liveth; and blessed

serve mne.


EXPOSITION. measure of it. Thus, under the new dis- secondary view, to the Messiah : and, in pensatiou, salvation, as to its cause, is of deed, St. Peter'seems to allude to the 4th grace alone, (Ephes. ii. 8.) vet will the

verse, when he speaks of his resurrection rewards of grace be distributed to every from the deal, Acts ii. 24.) and to him, man according to his works." (Mart. certainly, some of the expressions apply xvi. 27.)

more literally and fully, for “ he knew no. It does not, therefore, appear to us neces- sin, neither was guile found in his mouth." sary to exclude David's personal experience (1 Pet. ii. 22.) The last verse but ove is from this psalm : at the same time we also quoled by St. Paul, io reference to the have no objection to its application, in a calling of the Gentiles. (Rom. xv.




NOTES-Psalm XVIII. Con. Ver. 26. Shen thyself froward-Marg." wrestle;" Ver. 35. Thy gentleness hath made me great i... contend See Lev. IXVI. 27, 28.

Mar.“ With thy meekness thou hast multiplied Ver. 28. My candle-Marg. “ Lamp." On this Brothroyd, “ by condescension maketh me great verse, the Chaldee paraphrast thus enlarges : “ Be. cause thou sbalt enlighten the lamp of Israel, which

which we preser, as meekness cannot be applied to

Deity. as put ont in the captivity, for thou art the Author of Ver. 39. Subdued-Ileb, " caused to bow.” the light of Israel, the Lord my Gol shall lead me Ver. 41. The necks a mine exonics-See Joshi out of darkness into light, and shall mahe me see the X. 24; Jer. xxvii, 12. consolation of the age nkich shall come to the just." Ver. 41. As soon, &c.-Heb. “At the hearing a

Ver. 29. I hure run (Marg. " bruken") through the ear." - The 'strangers-Heb. “ The sons a troop:

the stranger.” (So ver. 45.) - Shall submit them Ver. 33. Like hinds' feel.-Agility was a great qualitication with the ancient warriors. 2 Sam. 1. 23;

sellis-Marg. "Yield feigned obedience.” Hr!

“ Lie unto nie." Submission does not always impl I Chron. xii. 8. So among the Greeks Achilles was Co Version : called . suilt-footed,” &c. See Orient, Customs,

ther shall fade awav," &c. ver. 4),

Ver. 48, Violant man-lleb. "Man of violence." No. 937. Ver. 34. Bon of sterl-- Ainsworth and Ilorsley,

Ver. 49. Give thanks - Marg. “ Coniess,

Rom. XV. 9. * Brass,” or copper.

See Note on Job xx. 24.

lither did ! DOSU med. I that the

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be my rock; and let the God of my
salration be exalted.

PSALM XIX. 47 It is God that avengeth me, To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David. and subdueth the people unto me.

48 He delivereth me from mine THE heavens declare the glory of me ma

enemies : yea, thou liftest me up above God ; and the firmament sheweth
those that rise up against me: thou his handywork.
bast delivered me from the violent 2 Day unto day uttereth speech,

and night unto night sheweth know-
49 Therefore will I give thanks unto ledge.
thee, O Lord, among the heathen,

3 There is no speech nor language, and sing praises unto thy name.

where their voice is not heard. 50 Great deliverance giveth he to 4 Their line is gone out through all LIBE

his king, and showeth mercy to his the earth, and their words to the end of anoicted, to David, and to his seed the world. In them hath he set a tato evermore. (T)

bernacle for the sun,

EXPOSITION. T Ver. 25-50. The equity of divine of his great antitype ; and this is the more pendence, and the merciful deliverance of natural, as it appears the Hebrews always att rho trust in God. These maxims felt a peculiar interest in the fate of their esidently accord with those of our Lord in posterity, and no one more than the patribis sermon on the mount, (Matt. v.3, &c.) arch David, who, at the same time that he " The merciful shall obtain inercy; the looked to the coming of Messiab as the pore in heart shall see God." He will save consummation of all his wishes in futurity, the neck, the poor, and the distressed; looked to him also as the mediuin of his but with the froward and perverse he will personal salvation. cautend; and the high-spirited and proud The last verse, in which both appear inbe will bring down. The psalmist, how- cluded, is thus beautifully paraphrased by tter, expresses his confidence in God, who, Bishop Horne: " Great deliverance giveth as he had delivered, he trusted in him that he unto his king,” to king David, in saving be would still deliver: and in this part of him from Saul, and his other temporal encde psalm some verses also occur which mies, and seating him on the earthly throne em peculiarly appropriate to the Mes. of Israel; to King Messiah, in rescuing b. David might indeed say, when he bim from death and the grave, and exaltame master of the surrounding nations, ing him to an heavenly throne, as Head of bou hast made me head of the heathen the church : " and showeti mercy to his Jonn; a people whoin I have not anointed;" i.e. outwardly, and in a figure, tbat is, foreigners) shall submit with oil (David); and to him who was thes unto me:" but it appertains, in anointed inwardly, and in truth, with the zbore exalted and extensive sense, to Holy Ghost and with power (Christ): me Redeenjer, to whom, as we have

“ to David, and to his seed for evermore;' Ps. ij. 8,, it was said,

6. Ask of me,

to the literal David, and to his royal proill give thee the heathen for thine geny, “ of whom, according to the flesh, ace, and the utterinost parts of the Christ came;" and to Christ bimself, the ihy possession.

spiritual David, the beloved of God, with being indeed the substance of the all those who through faith become his meutas well as of the lew, wbile children, the sods of God, and heirs o! rranted in believing that David, eternal life. his psalms, bad respect to his

« To David and his royal sped stances and experience, we are

'Thy grace for ever shall extend; fied by apostolical authority in Thy love to saints, in Christ their head, that by the Spirit of inspiration

knows not a limit, nor an end."

Walis. gueut views of the future glory

NOTES. X Ver. 2. Day unto day --Or, “ Allier tion." The allusion is to a measuring line. by which =is used for afier, Exod. xvi. I.

inheritances were divided. But the LXX render it

sound, and so it is quoted by the apostle, (Rom. x. are their unice, &c. Heb.

** Withont 18.) inplying the intelligible nature of that in Bard." Bissop Horsier renders this

striction which the works of nature everywhere is no speech, no words: no voice of gire to man, as to the being and perfectious of his : Yet, their sound goeth," *e.

Creator, ir line-larg. • Their role or direc.

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