Zoroastre, Confucius et Mahomet: compars comme sectaires, lgislateurs et moralistes; avec le tableau de leurs dogmes, de leurs lois & de leur morale

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98 - ... a religion proceeding from an individual founder, who, as leading representative of the better insight and feeling of his time (for otherwise he would meet with no success), makes head against formality and superstition, and recalls his fellow-men to sincere and intelligent faith in a new body of doctrines, of specially moral aspect, to which he himself gives shape and adherence." J In the first of these cases, it is said, you may speak of development, or, as Whitney calls it, "unconscious growth,"...
74 - ... proper history, but a chapter in philosophy, and they are quite right in repudiating any obligation to add philosophical speculation to what we demand of them. I therefore think that we need not hesitate openly to proclaim the philosophical character of our science, and to apply to it the method adapted to all philosophical branches of science namely, the deductive. Not the one-sided empirical method, which culminates in positivism and only ascertains and classifies facts, but is powerless...
52 - The lecturers appointed shall be subjected to no test of any kind, and shall not be required to take any oath, or to emit or subscribe any declaration of belief, or to make any promise of any kind ; they may be of any denomination whatever, or of no denomination at all (and many earnest and high-minded men prefer to belong to no ecclesiastical denomination) ; they may be of any religion or way of thinking, or as...
74 - ... the deductive. Not the one-sided empirical method, which culminates in positivism and only ascertains and classifies facts, but is powerless to explain them. Nor the one-sided historical method, which yields exclusively historical results. Nor again the so-called genetic-speculative method, a mixture of history and philosophy, which lacks all unity. Still less, I must hasten to add, the warped speculative method which has no foothold on earth, but floats in the clouds. For, when I speak of the...
88 - Eeligions that is, the forms in which religion manifests itself die, but religion itself does not. Though ever changing in form, religion lives like mankind and with mankind. Labitur et labetur in omne volubilis aevum. And accordingly the development of religion does not imply that religion develops locally or temporarily, in one form or another, but that religion, as distinguished from the forms it assumes, is constantly developed in mankind. Its development may be described as the evolution...
60 - By religion we mean for the present nothing different from what is generally understood by that term that is to say, the aggregate of all those phenomena which are invariably termed religious, in contradistinction to ethical, aesthetical, political, and others. I mean those manifestations of the human mind in words, deeds, customs, and institutions which testify to man's belief in the superhuman, and serve to bring him into relation with it.
117 - Eomans and the worship of Jupiter 0. M. Capitolinus, to whose temple the noble Scipio Africanus went up every morning in order to prepare himself for his daily tasks, and who for a long period beheld the whole civilised world at his feet ! And, on the other hand, how many religions are there whose history is hidden from us, which we know in their period of decline only and therefore rank as among the least developed, but which perhaps once occupied a far higher level ? We must therefore be modest...
65 - ... source. He follows the example of the philologist, who does not despise the language of Mlecchas or barbarians, or whatever other nickname be given to people speaking a language one does not understand, and who takes as great an interest in the Hottentot or Australian dialects as in Sanscrit or Arabic. He knows nothing of heretics, schismatics, or heathens ; to him, as a man of science, all religious forms are simply objects of investigation, different languages in which the religious spirit...
146 - Iles ; font galement bonnes pour ceux qui les fuivent, puifqu'dles n'ont t publies par leurs inftituteurs , que dans la vue de porter les peuples la vertu. Confucius fonda fes lox fur l'autorit paternelle , ck il regardoit cette autorit comme l'origine & le modle de la fouveraineti.
67 - ... other forms of religion if he is warmly attached to the Church or religious community in which he has been brought up. Do we love our parents, to whom we owe so much, the less because, when we have come to years of discretion, we have discovered some of their faults and foibles ? Does our mother-tongue sound less pleasantly in our ears because we have made acquaintance with the beauty and vigour of other languages ? I, at least, do not love the religious community to which I belong the less because...