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Clergy, their office sufficient, with Dissenters to punish them for not

out other employments, 172 considering, is to punish them Commonwealth, what it is, 10 without law,

87 end of it, not to force

if they must be punished, men in religion, but to free them it is hard to set bounds how far, from such force, ibid.

262, &c. no necessity to exclude

the severity formerly used Jews, &c. from it, to prevent the against them in England, 286 seduction of Christians, 235, &c.

-288 Conformity (in religion) and not

how long it is pretended conviction, is the end of penal they must be punished, 293, &c. laws,

73 Divisions. Vid. Sects and Schism. may be brought to it, without true religion, 339,

E. 340 no ground to presume it Evidence, which may be sufficient is always upon conviction, 340 for one, may not be so for whether it be from rea- another,

297 son and conviction, or not, can

are incompetent not be certainly known, 339, 340 judges, what is sufficient to some things required to every one,

299 it, hard to be understood, 410, Examination (of religion) force no


proper means to lead to it, 96 Consideration to force men to it

many conformists, as well impracticable, 242, 243 as others, neglect it, 89 conformists may need

none can be judicially provpunishment to bring them to it, ed to refuse it,

100 as much as dissenters, 244

to punish a whole party, as it is hard to understand, neglecting it, is absurd, 101 whether penal laws are designed many are incapable of makto bring men to it, 389 ing it strictly

ibid. Vid. Examination,

how faritis neglected, must Conscience, none can be saved by be referred to the divine judgacting contrary to it, though it ment,

103 be erroneous,


want of it, only pretended laws contrary to it, must for punishing dissenters, 129, &c. be passively submitted to, by

punishment, for want of it, private men,

44 would fall heavy upon many a man sins, by acting churchmen,

131 contrary to it, though it be mis- the absurdity of using force guided, 146 to promote it,

97, &c. Creeds ought not to be imposed by

none but God can judge the magistrate,

152 when it is sufficient, 299, &C.

the duty of magistrates as D.

well as others, 179, 180


Dissenters should not be punished,

to make them consider, more than others,

96 ought to be convinced a church is true, before they conform to it,


Faith, articles of it not to be imposed by human laws, 39

how it differs from knowledge properly so called,

Flood (of Noah) idolatry generally Force, not likely to advance the true
prevailed not soon after it, 470, religion, but the contrary, 168

482 may be avoided by outward
the true religion continued conformity alone, 163, 323
above 2000 years after it, 472 unreasonably used to make
Force is not capable to convince men judge more sincerely for
the mind,
11 themselves,

177, 178
the use of it belongs only to takes the care of men's souls

ibid. from themselves, 196, 197
Christianity flourished best magistrates not commission-
when without the help of it, 63, ed by the law of nature to use it,

not lawful, though it might how parents are authorized to
prove some way useful, 69 use it,

206, &c.
(in religion) usually preju-

and masters,

dices men against it, 70 not using it, intiinates not a
used only to produce confor-

power given in vain, 214
mity, not conviction, 73

the use of it makes not men
not necessary to make men good, nor secures God's blessing
74 to a nation,

221, 378
the use of it, for this end, is a by the same rule a lesser de-
vain pretence,

75 gree of it is needful, a greater
is much more likely to bring may be so,

men to error than truth, 76

no proper means to remove
employed to make people prejudices,

consider, is neither useful nor concerning the end of its be-
78 ing used,

303, &c.
no warrant in Scripture for it is equally just for one
using it,

82 church to use it as another, 333

for confor- the spiritual gain which suf-
mists than non-conformists, 94, ferers may reap, though it be

96 misapplied, a vain pretence, 367,
- the uncertainty of the pre-

&c. 393
tended end for which it should - kings being "nursing fathers,"
be used,

95 &c. no good argument for using
none have right to use it, 112 it,

should rather be used to drive its use, though designed to
bad men out of the church, than bring men to truth, may bring
to bring any in,


them to falsehood, 378, &c. 399
those who plead for the mo- is likely to lead fur more into
derate use of it should show error than truth, 378, 399, 407
what bounds should be set to it, - no proof that ever it has done
142, &c. good,

. if some force may be used to - using it to make men consider
bring men to religion, more may impertinent,

be used to advance them in it, the use of it cannot promote
134 real holiness,

390, 391
no sovereign has authority to if it brings any to considera-
use it toward another, 163

tion, it is only by accident, 392
not necessary to promote reli- it is most likely to prevail on
gion, though religion be neces- the loose and careless, 395

164, &c. its unfitness to bring men to

no less



true religion, argued from the Indifferent things, the magistrate's
13th article of our church, 397 power about them,

Force, may require extraordinary

not to be imposed in die
strength to withstand it, when

vive worship,

used to bring to a false religion,

some of them to be de

400 termined by a church, 32
may be equally used by all Job, the book of him probably writ-
magistrates who believe their re- ten by a Jew,

ligion true,

401, 402
- it is absurd to use it, with-

out pretending to infallibility,

407, &c. Kings, their being called “ nursing
- the want of it not at first sup- fathers,” how to be understood,
plied by miracles, 442, &c.

is necessary (if at all) to

make ministers do their duty,

463 Law, (of Moses) why idolatry was
the use of it prevented not a punished by it,

horrible apostasy in the Roman foreigners not compelled to
483 observe the rites of it,

has (as far as history inforins Legislative power, the end of it is
us) always been injurious to true the outward good of society, 34,
484, &c.

the use of it no Scripture-me- Love, persecutions rising from it,
thod for advancing religion, 497 would rather be against wicked-

ness than opinions, 6, &c.

Heresy, wherein it consists, 55

imposers of their own inter- Magistrates, their duty is to secure
pretations of Scripture, guilty of civil interests, not the salvation
56 of souls,

Human society, the preservation of

care of souls only com-
it is the magistrate's power, 10 mon to them with others, 11
- no opinion contrary to

are as liable to error in
the safety of it should be tole- religion as others, 12,76


ought not to use force in

matters of religion, 20

- have no authority to im-
Idolaters may be tolerated, 35, 51, pose ceremonies in the church,

&c. 29.–Nor to forbid those used
why not tolerated by the by others,

law of Moses,


their power about indif-
their case was peculiar ferent things,

among the Israelites, ibid.

may not punish all sins
Idolatry did not root out the true against God,

34, &c.
religion soon after the flood, 471,

are to punish only those

483 things which injure the society,
was probably first intro-

40, &c.
duced by great men,
475, &c.

by what means they are
the most likely original of brought to join with churchmen
it was tyranny,
476 in persecution,

53, 54
173 neglect their duty, 459, &c.
have not more knowledge

Magistrates have no commission to Miracles not wrought in the view
punish errors in religion, 40 of all who were converted, 443
only a small number of

we have the same advantage
them of the true religion, 76 by them, as most had in the first
no advantage in commit-


ting the care of our souls to them,

were continued (according
76, 122 to church-history) after Christi-
their using force to pro- anity was established by human
mote the true religion or their laws,

452, &c.
own, is in effect the same, 128, were not often repeated to

143, &c. those who rejected the Gospel,
have no authority to

454, 455
impose creeds,


will be always necessary,
are not to judge of truth supposing them so whenever men
for other men,

were not a necessary means
of religion than others, 179 of conviction in the apostles' time,
the apostle's saying,

523, 526
“We can do nothing against the
truth, but for it," not applicable

to them,

have not authority, like National religion, none such can
parents or schoolmasters, to use claim to be the true, exclusive

of others,

discovering them to be
in the wrong adds little to find-

ing out the truth, 360, 361

ought to assist religion Opinions merely speculative, ought
by suppressing wickedness, 65, to be tolerated,


contrary to human society,
are not commissioned by are not to be tolerated, 45
the law of nature to use force in Oppression is the great cause of civil
205 commotions,

47, 48
Means (of salvation), no other
should be used than what God

has appointed,

81, 82
what are proper for promot- Paganism, how zeal against it
ing religion,
82 should be expressed,

233, &c.
those which are sufficient are Penal laws, not designed to make
given to all,

113, &c. men consider, but conform, 387,
the greatest part of the world
without them, if force be neces-

how a national religion

389, &c. loses ground by the relaxation of
Ministers, (of religion) of what sort them,

they are, who want to have their

wbether atheism, &c. in-
doctrines enforced, 151, 152 crease by their relaxation, ibid.
doing their duty aright,

Vid. Punishments.
would render force unnecessary,

Penalties. Vid. Force.

526 Persecution, what it signifies, 142
Miracles never used to supply the

if it were designed for
want of force,

454 saving souls, persons conforming
absurdly reckoued among

on it would be examined con-
buman means,

442 cerning their convictions, 197


Persecution only useful to fill the stles to bring men to religion,
church with hypocrites, 373, or make them consider, 437—

Vid. Force, Punishments.
Political societies, all advantages

which may be gained by them,
cannot be reckoned the end of

Religion is the same to all, who


have the same rule of faith and
Prejudices, not to be removed by


326, &c.


- if true, it prevails by its

own strength without force, 64
Vid. Force.

Vid. True religion.
Punishments (for errors in reli- Reynolds, a remarkable story of two
gion) are upjust, though mo- brothers of this name,


62, &c.
not lawfully used to make

people consider, 73, 79, 94

· human laws inflict them Sacrament (of the Lord's supper)
not to make men examine, 88 how it has been prostituted by
the pretence for inflict- human laws,

ing them in France on the pro-

who are to be blained for
87 its prostitution,

national churches need Salvation (of souls) the care of it
them as much as dissenters, 94, belongs not to magistrates, as
99 such,

10, &c.
if beneficial, it is unkind

why the care of each man's
to withhold them from any, 108 belongs only to himself, 23—25
the difficulty of deter-

not the design of penal
mining the due ineasures of them, laws about religion,

104, &c.

pretending care of this for
commonly least used, using force in religion is preva-
where they are most needful, rication,

99, 118 Salvation impossible to be pro-
it is unjust to inflict moted by forcing people in reli-
them, for enforcing things not gious matters, 391, &c.

248, &c. Scepticism, not justly chargeable
the fault for which they

upon toleration, 414, 415
are inflicted points out the end Schism, wherein it consists, 55
of them,

243, &c.

who are the chief causes of
leaving the measures of it,

238, 239
them to the magistrate's pru- Schoolmasters, their using force to
dence justifies the greatest, 281, make their scholars learn, is no

&c. warrant for using it in religious
admitting them as neces- matters,

206, 209
sary in matters of religion leads Scriptures are to be consulted as
to the sharpest severities, 108, our guide in religion, 353, &c.


contain all necessary means
prejudice the minds of of salvation,

519, 520
men against truth,

70 Sects (or divisions) who are the
are designed only to chief cause of them, 238, 239
bring to outward conformity, whether national churches

323, &c. may not be such as well as others,
not inflicted by the apo-

239, 240

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