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South Carolina Historical Society.
Published by the South Carolina Historical Society.
PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY
WILLIAM ELLIS JONES, BOOK & JOB PRINTER,
CHARLES A. MCHUGH.
HUGH S. THOMPSON,
EDWARD MCCRADY, JUN.,
HENRY A. M. SMITH, ZIMMERMAN DAVIS,
D. E. HUGER SMITH, THEODORE D. JERVEY,
PRIOLEAU RAVENEL, THOMAS DELLA TORRE.
At the Restoration the Barbadoes planters, become straightened for land, hearing report of a wide country on the main, with broad rivers and fat soil, sent ships to discover” it. Sir John Colleton, a Barbadoes planter, and Sir A. Ashley Cooper, meeting at court and in the West India committee, the new country of Carolina was suggested to Sir Anthony, who, with the great officers about the King, Monck, Clarendon, &c., obtained a grant of it (p. 4). A few people had already settled at Chowan, and New England traders sent some further on to Cape Fear, but these returned “without so much as ever sitting down upon it." Hilton had been at Charles river, sent by the Barbadoes adventurers who proposed to plant there (p. 10). Claims then arose under Sir Robert Heath's dormant patent, but were summarily suppressed by its revocation (p. 9).
Upon the New Englanders' failure, the annulling of Heath's patent and the grant to those powerful noblemen, the “Cape Fear adventurers" applied to them, and under their “declara tions” (p. 13), sent out a colony which landed at Charles river 29 May, 1664.
Meanwhile the “ Port Royal adventurers sent Hilton on a new discovery, and upon his good report (p. 18), with the Proprietors' "concessions" and aid (p. 29), and under Sir John Yeamans, left Barbadoes in October, 1665, and reached Charles river in November. But losing a ship and all their arms and stores, and being "for Port Royal and now by the calamity that fell on Sir John Yeamans disappointed,” they returned to Barbadoes in January, 1666. In June Sandford sailed on his Port Royal discovery (p. 57), and in the fall the colony broke up and Cape Fear became a memory, to cloud the reputation of Yeamans and deter the Barbadoes planters from further adventure.
But Carolina grew in Lord Ashley's brain, Locke framed a constitution for the dominion beyond the seas, and the Proprietors fitted a feet and colony to possess it. The ships left the Downs late in August, 1669, touched at Kinsale, and made Barbadoes (after a stormy voyage) late in October. The Albemarle was lost there, Colleton's sloop substituted, and the three ships
sailed about November 30, touched December 10 at Nevis, and were soon after scattered by fearful hurricanes. The Port Royal, beating about for weeks, was lost on the Bahamas, the sloop was driven to Virginia, and the Carolina "with difficulty attained Bermuda " January 12. There Yeamans, substituted Sayle as governor, and returned to Barbadoes.
The Carolina's company left Bermuda February 26, "came up with the land” at Sewee March 16 (p. 165), and sailed on to Port Royal, but, deterred by its breakers and situation in the very chaps of the Spaniard,” and drawn to Kiawah by the blandishments of the casique, they left Port Royal and came to Kiawah early in April. 1670. There at “Old town” they settled, and were joined May 23 by the sloop, and in March, 1671, by some Barbadoes planters and their servants. The Indians, already used to white men, “and knowing guns and many Spanish words," were friendly and helpful, but, poor and timid, prey of the inland slave raiders, had scant supplies to give. The colony was good, and led by gentlemen able, but unused to planting, and success was doubtful until (Cape Fear being forgotten) the Barbadoes planters brought their experience and their negroes (p. 11) to assure it, and plant Carolina as Carolinians later planted Mississippi. This our early government and laws, our parish names and system, many of our “first families," and now these papers, attest.
Thus Carolina, drawn from Lord Ashley's system, lords and “leetmen settled in towns," became a planting province under the concessions.
The story is told in the Shaftesbury Papers, deposited by the late Earl of Shaftesbury in the Public Record Office. Those papers include many relating to Carolina, and showing the deep interest of the first Earl of Shaftesbury and his secretary, Locke, in his “Darlings" settlement and prosperity. These Carolina papers were procured (through the late W. Noel Sainsbury, Esq.) for the Centennial celebration of the city of Charleston, and were afterwards presented by the Hon. W. A. Courtenay, mayor of Charleston, and the city Council to the South Carolina Historical Society; the State and city contributing funds to aid the Society in the publication. To make this record more complete, other papers have been included or referred to.
Page 9, read T, not F, Southampton.
Page 5?,' quotation begins “of the seditious;" &c., read Hewatt, not Henct; April 19, not 26. See pages 390, 452.
Page 88,' read Sandwich, not Pandwicke.
Page 235, line 5-6, read malassas, not masassar; 235,' Captain, not Sir P. Carteret. See 262.
Page 241, lines 4-5, omit words for the future, &c., better, wrongly repeated.
Page 246, line 6, read damnified.
Adair, Jas., 201, 309; Ash, Tho., 308, 358, 377, &c.; Carroll, B. R., 89, 382; Ch’n Yr. Bk., 339-9, 341, 394; Coxe's Ca., 7; Hewatt, Alex., 4, 52, 407, &c.; Johnson's Dic., 147, 201; Le Froy, Hist. Berm'a, 476; Logan, J. H., 428; Lucas, Eliza, 377; Murray's Dic., 259; Mesne Con. Office, 134, &c.; Mills' Stat., 457; N. E. Reg'r, 171; Oldmixon, 324, 377; Probate Ct., 33%;' Pub. Rec. Office, 3, 117, 427; Purry, Col., 377; Ramsey, Da., 407, Record Com'n, S. C., 407. Rivers, W. J., 3, 57, 65, 253 et pas, Sainsbury, Il. N., 307; Savage's Dic., 89; Secretary's Office, 331, &c.; Sieur S, map, 420.