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loving-kindness of the Lord, which will give who is our authority, and whence we derive life to his soul; and, I will oppose to all the our commission. Our warrant is the Holy objections that his fears may suggest, “Why One of Israel, and in confirmation of his prowill ye die, O house of Israel?”
mises, we have not only his word, but his oath. Perhaps ye may say, there is no hope, how | St. Paul says, “Men verily swear by the then can we live we have offended a God who greater, and an oath for confirmation is an end is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity. A of all strife," Heb. vi. 6; but “God, because God in whose sight the heavens are not pure; he could swear by no greater, sware by him. a God in whose awful presence even the sera- self (ver. 13,) when he made his promise to phim hide their faces with their wings. But Abraham.” And he has confirmed with an why will ye die, O house of Israel? This God, oath the solemn truths that we have just been although holy, is not inexorable, at the same preaching to you. He sware the most sacred time that he enforces the strictest observance oath, he sware by himself, in the twenty-third of his orders, he pities those who stray from chapter of the prophecies of Ezekiel, “ As I them; he knows of what we are made, he live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure knows that we are weak, and unable to keep in the death of the wicked; but that the wickourselves from falling.
ed turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn There is no hope, how shall we live? we ye, from your evil way, for why will ye die, have engaged ourselves as servants to sin and house of Israel?” iniquity, and “the wages of sin is death, Oh! how delightful must be the service of so Rom. vi. 23. And according to this, if God merciful a God, what a motive have we for remain just, the sinner must die. But why energetic exertions for the conversion of men, will ye die, O house of Israel, justice is satis- when we have such a security for its success. fied, Jesus Christ “was made sin for us," 2 How must they be infatuated, who rush into Cor. v. 21. He took upon himself the burden of the abyss of despair, when their Judge himour sins, and the punishment due to them. If self has declared, that he is willing to pardon any man sin, we have an advocate with the our guilt. But how blind must they be, who, Father, Jesus Christ the righteous, 1 John, ij. on the other hand, do not find abundant rea1. “If God be for us, who shall be against son for love and gratitude towards him who us; he that spared not his own son, but deli- has made us such rich offers of grace, and who vered him up for us all, how shall he not with are not willing to devote themselves to his serhim freely give us all things; who shall lay vice. Let us then, my brethren, let us say in any thing to the charge of God's elect It is the words of the psalmist, “O'Lord, there is Göd that justifieth."
forgiveness with thee that thou mayest be fearBut it is sometimes said, “There is no hope, ed,” Ps. cxxx. 4. “I will hear what God the how can we live!" The sins we have com- Lord will speak; for he will speak peace unto mitted, do not come under the description of his people, and to his saints, but let them not human frailties. They were sins committed turn again to folly,” Ps. lxxxv. 8. May God malignantly, and the influence of the worst grant to us this pardon, and to him be all hopassions, with the most inveterate hatred, im- nour and glory, both now and ever. Amen. purity, adultery, injustice, and crimes of the blackest die, “But why will ye die, 0 house of Israel?” There is a fountain of life open for
SERMON C. the house of David. The same God who exhorts you in the words of the text, to make THE ADDRESS OF CHRIST TO JOHN you a new heart and a new spirit, promises to give you one. There is nothing can oppose
AND MARY. these powerful operations of the Holy Spirit, and nothing can hinder 'him from acting upon
John xix. 26, 27. us, and he will effectually assist us, if we ask him in sincerity, and humbly yield ourselves Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, to his direction and influence.
and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of CleoBut again, " There is no hope, how shall phas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus we liver We have lived so long in our sins, therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standit is too late for repentance. Too late did you
ing by whom he loved, he saith unto his mosay; those who now say it is too late, have
ther, Woman, behold thy son. Then saith he often replied to our serious exhortations and to the disciple, Behold thy mother; and from earnest entreaties, it is too soon; “But why
that hour that disciple took her unto his own will ye die, O house of Israel?” It can never
home. be too late to be converted, if you are really "I Am become a stranger unto my brethren, desirous of salvation. The irrevocable sen- and an alien unto my mother's children,” Ps. tence yet remains unpronounced. At all events lxix. 9. “My lovers and my friends stand aloof it is not yet executed—the day of grace still from my sore, and my kinsmen stand afar off," remains the treasures of God's mercy are Ps. xxxviii
. 11. The prophets who predicted still open-his loving-kindness and long-suffer- the coming of the Messiah, introduce him to ing still remains the same; “Behold now is the our notice, uttering the foregoing language of accepted time, behold now is the day of salva-complaint, in which is depicted one of the bittion," 2 Cor. vi. 2.
terest circumstances of his life of sorrow; and But, my brethren, do not suppose that the this affecting lamentation, we find fully justionly security you have on this important point fied, when we view our Divine Lord and Sais the mortal voice, which now proclaims these viour, surrounded by an unfeeling crowd, nailconsolatory truths. Listen while I declare led to his cross, enduring all the agonies of his
dreadful sentence, and deserted by his disci- 2. The conflict, or rather the triumph of our ples; abandoned by the very persons, who had Lord himself, while expiring in their sight. solemnly pledged themselves to serve him faith- The first suggested by these words in our text, fully, even to death. This added a poignancy“ now there stood by the cross of Jesus, his to every pain he felt, and pointed every thorn. mother and his mother's sister, Mary the wife For whatever may be the acuteness of the tor- of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.” The next ments we suffer, they become comparatively we find in the following words, “When Jesus light when shared and softened by friendship. therefore saw his mother, and the disciples How delightful is the affectionate sympathy of standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his a kind father, into whose bosom we can pour mother, Woman, behold thy son. Then saith our grief, or of an affectionate mother, who he to the disciple, Behold thy mother; and from wipes away every tear.
that hour the disciple took her unto his own But, my brethren, if the Saviour of the home.” world felt so acutely this desertion of his dis- O ye lofty speculations, which aspire to the ciples, and those for whom he had shown such most impenetrable secrets of science! Ye soara lively interest, he felt still more the presence ings of the imagination, which rise high as the of his near relations, and even in the moments | heavens, and descend into the deepest recesses of death, manifested a tender concern for their i of knowledge, in quest of sublime and abstract welfare. We now hear language from bim | ideas! I do not to-day call on you for assistquite opposite to that put into his mouth by ance; it is to the emotions of nature, the sentithe prophet. We hear him now saying, "I am ments of the soul, the powerful sympathies of acknowledged by my brethren, and recognised the heart, that I appeal in this discourse, they by my mother's children. They who love me will furnish the best commentary on our text: stand round me, and my friends pity my sore.” and that heart, which is under such an influAnd experience shows us, that how difficult ence, can best understand the conflict to which soever to bear, how appalling soever to the we all approach, with the rapid Alight of time. mind, may be the preparations for death, bow And happy will he be, who having received agonizing the thoughts of a patient who per- graco rightly to apply to himself this subject, ceives the countenance of his physician change, shall come off triumphant. a preacher announce to him the approach of First. Let us consider the import of the his last hour, or a cold sweat, the precursor of words contained in our text. There are few death, spread itself over his whole body, there circumstances, in the whole of the sacred Scrip is still a more heart-rending pang which he tures, or perhaps, we might say, in any history, feels when bidding adieu to the objects of his sacred or profane, which are related in a manaffectionate solicitude and care. În perusing ner so simple and intelligible, and consequently the history of those who have suffered martyr so little susceptible of contradiction, as that now dom, we see many who have borne with cour- under consideration. The sight of the soldiers age and firmness the view of the executioners ready to seize the person of the Redeemer, about to take away their lives, the stake to the infuriated Jews, the decision of Pontius which they were shortly to be bound, and even Pilate, the view of the cross; all these objects of the flaines ready to devour them, and put struck consternation into the minds of the aposan end to their mortal existence in the most tles, and they thought at first more of their own excruciating torments, whose constancy has safety, than of the great peril in which their yielded in the presence, and sunk under the Divine Master stood; and either from motives embraces, of those who were dear to them. of prudence or cowardice, they abandoned
Jesus Christ is presented to our view this Christ in the moment of danger, from which day, my brethren, as called to suffer such a they had neither the courage nor presence of trial. He saw standing at the foot of the mind to attempt to rescue him. But the three cross, Mary his mother, overwhelmed with Marys, either impelled by the ardour of their the most violent grief that the imagination affection to surmount the greatest obstacles, or can depict, called to witness the most cruel sheltered by their sex from the fear of the Jews, spectacle that could be presented to mortal remained with him, throughout all this awful eyes, borne down, and almost sinking under scene; and, as far as they were permitted by the weight of her accumulated sorrows. The the fury of the soldiers, they received from same sword which transfixed the soul of this the mouth of our Lord his dying injunctions. heart-broken mother, and those of St. John Perhaps the rest of the disciples, ashamed of and the other Mary's, pierced our blessed Lord their former conduct, and following the suggesalso. He felt his own grief as well as theirs, tions of love to their suffering Lord, which had thus, suffering the agony of a double crucifix- given way to timidity, and fear for their own ion, and dying a double death. Let me en- security, now might come back to seek him treat you, my brethren, to give me your most whom they had so shamefully deserted. This earnest attention, and, when we have ascer- we gather from the words of another evangetained the exact import of our text, to consi- list, who says, " that all his acquaintance stood der seriously the instruction which, from the afar off beholding these things,” Luke xxiii. uncertainty of life, our fate may soon, perhaps, 49. But wherever the rest were, we know that furnish to those around us; or, should they St. John, who was always distinguished for his first receive the summons from the king of ter- love to the Redeemer, who had witnessed his rors, the lesson which they will then furnish agony in the garden, wbo had followed him We will consider,
into the court of Caiaphas, was near him with 1. The conflict which was passing in the the women. Christ, who was sufficiently eleminds of Mary and St. John, while eye-wit- vated on the cross, to be able to see all those nesses of the death of Christ.
who were assembled to witness his death, but
not so much above them as to be unable to dis-i ion, to have measured it, and found it fifteen tinguish their persons, and to be heard by them, cubits. They say, that even the lapse of sewas struck on beholding his mother, and venteen centuries does not prevent their clearly the group which surrounded her. He con- discerning even now, the spot where St. John sidered, that as Joseph was dead, Mary had and the three Marys stood. They maintain, lost her only protector, and might suffer all the that there are still remaining vestiges, which miseries of want, and thinking that St. John, they show to those who visit the Holy Land, from whom he was even now receiving marks and which they call the way of bitterness. of friendship, would not refuse his last request, For, my brethren, what do not they see, who to him he committed the care of his mother; it view things through the medium of superstiwas indeed a precious charge. He wishing the tion, and do they not find in every object, apostle to fulál towards her the various duties nourishment for their chimerical and false deof husband and son, therefore said, “This is votion, which amply repays them for all the froin henceforth to be thy mother,” and to fatigues and difficulties they may have underMary, "Behold thy son.” St. John faithfully gone. Is there any event so trifling, any reobserved this commission, and inviolably ad-cital so simple, any place mentioned in sacred hered to it, and from that time Mary had no history, so obscure as not to be traced by them? home but his. This, my brethren, seems to be The house of Joachim, father of the virgin, the the general import of the affecting narrative room in which she was born, the stone on which under consideration; on which the following she sat when the angel saluted her, the place questions are sometimes started.
where our Saviour was born, the seat on which Why is Mary, the sister of the Virgin, and she received the wise men from the east, the mother of James and Joseph, called the wife grotto where she suckled our Lord, the fiy-tree of Cleophas?
that he cursed, and which up to this time, proSome have said that Cleophas was her fa- duced no fruit, the place where he stood when ther, others say, with a greater appearance of Mary said, “ Lord, if thou hadst been here, my probability, that he was her husband; why. then brother had not died;" where he composed the was her son James called the son of Alpheus? Prayer still distinguished by his name. The it has been supposed that she was twice marri- dungeon where he was shut up when they led ed, and that her first husband, whose name was hin before Pilate; the arch through which PiAlpheus, was the father of James; and the se- late showed him to the people; the street in cond, Cleophas, the one mentioned here. But which he was scourged; the spot in which Juthe prevailing opinion is, that the Syriac or das betrayed him with a kiss; the room in Hebrew word in the original, may be rendered which he instituted the holy sacrament; the with equal propriety, Cleophas or Alpheus, so room in which he appeared to his disciples, the that it is not difficult to perceive that the Al- doors being shut; the form of his left foot, which pheus mentioned by St. Luke, is the same was made on the rock when he ascended into whom St. John has named Cleophas.
heaven; the pedestal of the column on which Again, Who is this other Mary, surnamed the cock crowed; the place where Judas hung Magdalene, probably from her birth-place, himself; the apartment in which the apostles Magdala, either the town of that name, near were when they received the gift of the Holy Capernaum, on the borders of the sea of Tibe- Ghost; the place in which they composed the rias, or another place of the same name, on the Creed; the abode of the wicked rich man; the other side. She is commonly supposed to be door through which the angel led St. Peter out the same out of whom went seven devils.- of prison; the fountain where Philip was bapSome have inquired whether she is the same tized; and many other places, which are all seMary who is mentioned in the 11th chapter of ) perately shown, and regarded with veneration. St. John, whose brother Christ raised from the But even this is not all, they pretend, that dead, on whom, and on her family, he had the afflictions of the Virgin overpowered her, wrought so many miracles, and who was near- and she fainted away and fell to the ground. ly related to him. But these are questions Cardinal Cagison says, that they formerly kept which do not concern us, and which we have a festival in the church, called," " The feast of rio means of deciding.
the fainting," in memory of this event. And These, and many other inquiries, may be not if any one inquires into the history of this improperly started, and pursued to a certain fainting, the reply they receive is from the length, provided they are proposed, not as works of a visionary, who published eight vopoints of importance in themselves, but as all lumes of his speculations, and whom the popes that concerns the history of our Saviour's life canonized by the title of St. Brigite, or the seand death should be deemed interesting to us. raphic cardinal Bonaventura, whose letter is so But after all, as I remarked before, there is no carefully preserved at Lyons, or one named event in the sacred volume narrated in a man- Mallonius, and other authors of this sort, who ner so simple, so intelligible, and on that ac- lived in the fifteenth century. But still this is count so little open to contradiction, as that trifling, compared with the signification which now under consideration. But, my brethren, superstition has attached to the words, “Woit is scarcely credible, that superstition has man, behold thy son.” “Behold thy mother." been more than usually busy in fabricating They include, according to the opinions of the misrepresentations on this subject. Supersti- | doctors of the Romish Church, the greatest tion has multiplied the minuto details of this mysteries of religion, they afford the strongest afflictive event, and has given a more particu- proof of the powerful protection which the lar account than our evangelist. Some pre Virgin affords to the church, and the religious tend to have ascertained the exact distance be- worship due to her from the church. St. John, tween Christ and the spectators of his crucifix- I they say, represents, in this place, all the faith
ful. Christ put in his person the whole human your power, angels themselves bow, and these race under the government and protection of ! behold fresh sources of pleasure; the just imMary “Woman, behold thy son,” or in other plore a share in your righteousness, the guilty words, I delegate to thee, all the power and look to you for pardon." authority, that my divinity and quality of Me- Some persons have had the courage to prodiator give me over the church; from hence- test against these erroneous doctrines, even forth, be thou its firmest pillar, its strongest among the Catholics, and to desist from the support and defence; be to its children a light worship of the virgin. “O my God,” cried to lighten their darkness, be their counsellor in feebly, one of their most celebrated preachers, all difficulties, in persecution itself, their guide" is it necessary, in this age, so strenuously to in all their wanderings, their consolation in defend the homage that the Christian world trouble, and life to them even in the last ago- pays to the Holy Virgin. Must it fall to my nies of expiring nature. In the words, “ Be- lot to fight against the false scruples of those hold thy mother,” he says, Mortals attend, who fear to praise thee, and dare to complain while I point out to you the most worthy ob- of the honour given to thy name. But notject of your worship and humble adoration; withstanding the enterprises formed by the here you behold the fountain of all my favours, enemies of religion to destroy thy worship; and it is through her alone that you can hope through all these ages it still remains. O to attain to my glory. Cease then to weep for blessed Virgin, never shall the gates of hell my death, regret no longer my absence from prevail against the zeal of real Christians.” you, I compensate for it all, by leaving Mary Alas, how many persons feed on this unsubwith you. In accordance with this opinion, the stantial food. What a deplorable example of Virgin is addressed as "the help of the weak, prejudice and bad education. How do those the tower of David, the arch of the holy alli- minds deserve pity, which are enveloped in ance, the door of heaven, the queen of the the veil of superstition, and blinded to prevent apostles, confessors, and martyrs, the coadju- them from discerning the truth. It is thus, trix with God in the work of salvation;" and my brethren, that the enemy of our salvation these titles are given, not in the writings of in- suits his attacks to the dispositions of every dividuals, for which they were personally re- man. Does he wish to deceive those lofty sponsible, but in the public offices and services spirits, who would lead captive to their will, of the church.
even the oracles of God, instead of submitting We see solemn vows paid to her in all ages. themselves to them, those rebellious souls who Among many thousands of them was that of bring down the most sublime mysteries of reLouis XIII., who cousecrated to her service, ligion to the level of their own capacity? To his person and kingdom, by an inviolable oath. them he represents the doctrine of the divinity From this source spring all the blasphemies of of our glorious Redeemer as confused and conthose who have dared to maintain, that the tradictory, persuading them, that this wonderVirgin created all the universe; that her influ- ful and incomprehensible mixture of grandeur ence with God, is almost equal to authority and misery, of glory and ignominy, of divinity and sovereign power; that she approaches the and humanity, is at variance with all common throne of Christ, not in quality of a servant, and received ideas; he thereby persuades them but as his equal; as a goddess; that all in hea- to refuse obedience and worship to him, whom ven, even God himself, acknowledge her sway even the angels obey, in whose presence every and submit to her power; that the authority of knee shall bow, both of things in heaven and Christ is founded on justice; that of the Virgin of things on the earth; or is his concern with on love. They argue, that if the foolish virgins those weak minds who are led astray by every had called on her, instead of God, and had appearance of wonder, any thing new? To substituted the invocation of her name, for the them he represents, that many creatures parwords, “Lord, Lord," the doors of heaven take of the glory of God; he persuades them would have been opened to them. In the psal- to worship together with God, beings of an inter of St. Bonaventura, the name of Mary has ferior order. Thus some refuse to pay any been substituted for that of God, in all the psalms homage to God at all, while others adore him of David, and to her are ascribed all the names, in a wrong and ineffectual way; thus he sucperfections, worship, and works of the Deity, ceeds too well in his wicked plans for the ruin and all the passages cited by the apostles from of mankind. the Old Testament, to prove the Divinity of But praised be God, we need not fear the Christ, are likewise applied to the Virgin. We inroads of superstition in our time: the only find also the following prayer, “O Virgin, ex- feelings that it is likely to excite in our minds, ercise your parental authority over your Son. are those of pity and indignation. O church Who can understand, O blessed and holy mo- of Rome, if thou wouldest re-establish thy sway ther, the extent of your mercy. Who can com- amongst us; arm afresh thy inquisition, equip prehend the height, the breadth, or the depth, thy galleys, light up again thy fires, prepare of it. It extends itself even to the day of judg- new tortures, open thy dismal dungeons, erect ment, it is wide as the universe, it reaches up more gibbets, and devise more cruel martyrto the heavens, and descends to the deepest doms. With such arguments as these, thou abyss. It is your presence that forms the joy mayest perhaps, prevail on some feeble profesof heaven, your absence the torments of hell; sors of our reformed religion, through the inby your counsel the new Jerusalem is edified Auence of fear, to become thy proselytes; but and sanctified. Intelligent beings all pray to all thy reasonings, thy specious tales, and false you; some to be delivered from the torments arguments, only serve to sap the foundations of hell, others, who have attained eternal hap- of an old building even now in ruins. piness, for an increase of their felicity. To Superstition has also invented numerous histories, well known to be entirely fabulous, 1. The case of Mary exemplifies the conflictwhich have been added to that given by St. ing emotions that agitate the souls of those John of the Virgin. The evangelist relates, who surround the dying pillow of their dearthat from that hour the disciple took her unto est relatives. Nature, reason, and religion, his own home; and we find, both after the all must lend their aid to support their tremdeath of our blessed Lord, and after his resur- bling courage. And let me inquire, who is rection, that she continued with the apostles there among you, my brethren, who sufficiently constant in prayer and praises; after this we feels the force of the demonstration of which lose, in the sacred writings, all farther trace his proposition is susceptible. If any of you of the life of this holy woman; and we find have concentrated your principal care, your nothing which could serve for the materials of warmest affections, on one object, on one faa complete history of her life and death. The vourite child, to whom you have looked for books written in the first century are also silent consolation in trouble, whom you have regardon this subject, and do not present any thing ed as the honour of your house, to whose filial to fill up the void in the sacred writings. A tenderness you have trusted for the support of letter from the council held at Ephesus in the your declining years; to the feelings of such a fifth century, affords some very slight grounds one I appeal, to picture to his mind a scene for supposing that she might be buried in that which baifles all attempts at description. Let city; and one who lived a considerable time him put himself in the place of Mary, and before that period, acknowledges his ignorance view in the death of our Saviour, that of his on this subject. He says, that he cannot be beloved child: he will still form but an impersure whether she is really dead, or whether fect idea of the mental agonies which Mary she received the gift of immortality, and re- was suffering. She beheld her Son, whose mained alive at that time; whether she suf- birth was miraculously announced to her by fered martyrdom, or terminated her life by a an angel; that Son, on whose appearance the natural and easy death; no one knows any thing armies of heaven sung with triumphant joy; of her latter end. So general a silence, unani- that Son, whose abode on earth was a distinmously preserved at a time when particulars guished course of mercy, charity, and compasrelative to the death of the Virgin might have sion; she saw him, whose abode on earth crownbeen so easily procured, should teach succeeding ed it with blessings, ready to quit it for ever. ages to beware of speaking positively on this She anticipated the frightful and dreary solisubject. But when an author is so infatuated, tude in which she was so soon to be plunged; as to be intent on endeavouring to fix the par- she viewed herself forsaken and deserted by all, ticulars of events, in themselves quite uncertain deprived of the dearest object of her affection; and unimportant, what difficulties does he find the rest of the world appeared to her a blank, too great to overcome, what obstacles of suffi- as if she remained alone, the only inhabitant cient magnitude to arrest his progress. Thus, of this spacious globe. And in what manner we see in succeeding ages, that men have even is she about to lose her beloved Son? He dies thought they could trace the features of the a death, he suffers a martyrdom of unexamVirgin, which they pretend to have seen de- pled agony. She sees those hands, which had lineated by St. Luke, in a picture drawn for so often dispensed blessings, cured diseases, fed an empress who supposed she had found her the hungry, clothed the naked, and wrought tomb; they have also detailed the slightest cir- so many miracles, pierced with nails. She becumstances of her life and death. To give a held those lips, on which dwelt grace and beaushadow of plausibility to these impositions, they ty, and from which had flowed the accents of have attributed them to persons of celebrity, mercy, scandalized by the impurities of the from whose names they might derive popu- furious Jews. That royal head, which the larity. Of this nature was a work published crown of the universe would become, torn and in the second century, entitled, “The Life lacerated with thorns; that arm destined to and Death of the Blessed Virgin,” and placed wield the sceptre of the world, bearing a reed among the apocryphal books. And as all in mockery. She saw the temple of lier God; these histories had no other foundation than that temple which had been distinguished as the imaginations of their authors, we perceive the peculiar abode of the divinity, which had a diversity of opinions, similar to the diversity been blessed with peculiar manifestations of of the persons, from the fertility of whose in- his wisdom, his glory, his justice, and his mercy, ventions they sprung. Some maintain that and all those perfections which belong to the the holy Virgin suffered martyrdom; others Supreme Being, falling beneath the attacks of that she followed St. John to Ephesus, where the impious multitude. She heard the voice she died at a very advanced age; others assert of the children of Edom, crying, “ Down with that after her death she arose from the grave: it, down with it!" and levelling the dwelling but others have carried their theories still far- of the Most High with the ground. Then she ther, and pretended that she was taken up beheld the full accomplishment of that saying, to heaven in a chariot of fire, as was Elias. of which she could not formerly perceive the But we will turn from the consideration of meaning:“A sword shall pierce through thine this subject, and employ the rest of our time own soul also,” Luke ii. 35. Again, she was in considering the two principal branches of denied the sad consolation of approaching this our subject.
her beloved Son, to comfort him, and to re1. The conflict passing in the minds of those ceive his last breath. O ye, his murderers, who behold the last moments of those who are allow her at least to embrace him once more; dear to them.
let her shed her tears by his side, and bid him II. The conflict, or rather the triumph, of a final farewell; let her stop the blood which those who thus expire.
has began to flow in large drops, and consumes