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number, cannot do it in a moment, if that | life, with our exile, our imprisonment, our number be complicated: and the tardy compre- sickness, our perfidy, our infidelity, with the hension of him to whom a complicated pro- loss of our relatives, of separation from our blem is demonstrated, requires a still greater dearest friends. We must answer the objeclength of time. He must comprehend by a tion drawn from the darkness which envelopes succession of ideas what cannot be proved by most of the objects of sense, as we do to those a single glance of the eye. A man, posted on drawn from the complication of our calamities. an elevated tower, may see at once the whole It is, that this world is not the abode of our of a considerable army in motion; but he at felicity. It is, that the awful wounds of sin are the base of this tower, can see them only as not yet wholly healed. It is, that our soul is. they present themselves in succession. God still clothed with matter. We must lament is exalted above all creatures; he sees the the miseries of a life in which reason is enwhole by a single regard. He has but, if I slaved, in which the sphere of our knowledge may so speak, to apply bis mind, and all are is so confined, and in which we feel ourselves seen at once. But we, poor abject creatures, obstructed at every step of our meditation and we are placed in the humblest point of the uni- research. We have a soul greedy of wisdom
How then can we, during the period and knowledge; a soul susceptible of an infinity of fifty, or if you please, a hundred years of of perceptions and ideas; a soul to which knowlife, destined to active duties, how can we pre- ledge and intelligence are the nourishment and sume to make a combination of all the Crea- food: and this soul is localized in a world: but tor's perfections and designs, though he him- in what world? In a world, where we do but self should deign in so great a work to be our imperfectly know ourselves; in a world, where guide. Great men have said, that all possible our sublimest knowledge, and profoundest replans were presented to the mind of God when searches resemble little children who divert he made the universe, and that, comparing themselves at play. The idea is not mine; it them one with another, he chose the best. Let is suggested by St. Paul, in the words subseus make the supposition without adopting it; quent to our text. " When I was a child, I let us suppose that God, wishful to justify to spake as a child, I understood as a child, I our mind the plan he has adopted, should pre- thought as a child.” The contrast is not unsent to us all his plans; and comparison alone just. Literally, all this knowledge, all these could ensure approbation; but does it imply a sermons, all this divinity, and all those comcontradiction, that fifty, or a hundred years of mentaries, are but as the simple comparisons life, engrossed by active duties, should suflice employed to make children understand exalted for so vast a design? Had God encumbered truths. They are but as the types, which God religion with the illustration of all abstruse employed in the ancient law to instruct the doctrines, concerning which it observes a pro- Jews, while in a state of infancy. How imfound silence; and with the explication of all perfect were those types! What relation had the mysteries it imperfectly reveals; had he ex- a sheep to the Victim of the new covenant? plained to us the depths of his nature and es- What proportion had a priest to the Sovereign sence; bad he discovered to us the immense Pontiff of the church! Such is the state of combination of his attributes; had he qualified man while here placed on the earth. us to trace the unsearchable ways of his Spirit But a happier period must follow this of hain our heart; had he shown us the origin, the miliation. " When I was a child, I spake as end, and arrangement of his counsels; had he a child, I understood as a child, I thought as wished to gratify the infinite inquiries of our a child; but when I became a man, I put away curiosity, and to acquaint us with the object childish things.” Charming thought, my breof his views during the absorbing revolutions thren, of the change that death shall produce prior to the birth of time, and with those which in us; it shall supersede the puerilities of inmust follow it; had he thus multiplied to in- fancy; it shall draw the curtain which conceals finity speculative ideas, what time should we the objects of expectation. How ravished must have had for practical duties? Dissipated by the soul be when this curtain is uplifted! Inthe cares of life, occupied with its wants, and stead of worshipping in these assemblies, it sentenced to the toils it imposes, what time finds itself instantly elevated to the choirs of would have remained to succour the wretched, angels, "the ten thousand times ten thousand to visit the sick, and to comfort the distressed before the Lord.” Instead of hearing the Yea, and what is still more, to study and van- hymns we sing to his glory, it instantly hears quish our own heart:40 how admirably is the the hallelujalis of celestial spirits, and the way of God, in the restriction of our knowledge, dread shouts of “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord worthy of his wisdom! He has taught us no- of hosts: the whole earth is full of thy glory.” thing but what has the most intimate connex. Instead of listening to this frail preacher, who ion with our duties, that we might ever be at- endeavours to develop the imperfect notions tentive to them, and that there is nothing in he has imbibed in a confined understanding, religion which can possibly attract us from it instantly hears the great head of the church, those duties.
“who is the author, and finisher of our faith.” 5. The miseries inseparable from life, are Instead of perceiving some traces of God's perthe ultimate reason of the obscurity of our fections in the beauties of nature, it finds itself knowledge both in religion and in nature. To in the midst of his sublimest works; in the ask why God has involved religion in so much midst of“ the heavenly Jerusalem, whose gates darkness, is asking why he has not given us a are of pearl, whose foundations are of precious nature like those spirits which are not clothed stones, and whose walls are of jasper.”—D. with mortal flesh. We must class the obscurity we then still fear death! And have we still of our knowledge with the other infirmities of need of comforters when we approach that happy period? And have we still need to re- | when we were enabled to bid adieu, perhaps sume all our constancy, and all our fortitude an eternal adieu, to our country: what promptto support the idea of dying! And is it stilled us to exile was not the hope of finding more necessary to pluck us from the earth, and to engaging company, a happier climate and more tear us by force to the celestial abode, which permanent establishments. Motives altogether shall consummate our felicity? Ah! how the of another kind animated our hearts. We had prophet Elisha, who saw his master ascend in seen the edifices reduced to the dust, which the chariot of fire, ploughing the air on his bril- we had been accustomed to make resound with liant throne, and crossing the vast expanse the praises of God: we had heard “the children which separates heaven from earth; how Elisha of Edom,” with hatchets in their hand, shout regretted the absence of so worthy a master, against those sacred mansions, “down with whom he now saw no more, and whom he them; down with them, even to the ground.”_ must never see in life; how he cried in that May you, ye natives of these provinces, among moment, “My father, my father, the chariot whom it has pleased the Lord to lead us, ever of Israel, and the horsemen thereof." These be ignorant of the like calamities. May you emotions are strikingly congenial to the senti- indeed never know them, but by the experience ments of self-love, so dear to us. But Elijah of those to whom you have so amply afforded himself—Elijah, did he fear to soar in so sab- the means of subsistence. We could not surlime a course! Elijah already ascended to the vive the liberty of our conscience, we have middle regions of the air, in whose eyes the wandered to seek it, though it should be in earth appeared but as an atom retiring out of dens and deserts. Zeal gave animation to the sight; Elijah, whose head already reached to aged, whose limbs were benumbed with years. heaven; did Elijah regret the transition he was Fathers and mothers took their children in their about to complete! Did he regret the world, arms, who were too young to know the danger and its inhabitants!-O soul of man;-regene- from which they were plucked: each was conrate soul-daily called to break the fetters tent“ with his soul for a prey,” and required which unite thee to a mortal body, take thy nothing but the precious liberty he had lost. flight towards heaven. Ascend this fiery We have found it among you, our generous chariot, which God has sent to transport thee benefactors; you have received us as your breabove the earth where thou dwellest. See thren, as your children; and have admitted us the heavens which open for thy reception; ad- into your churches. We have communicated mire the beauties, and estimate the charms al- with you at the same table; and now you have ready realized by thy hope. Taste those in- permitted us, a handful of exiles, to build a effable delights. Anticipate the perfect felicity, church to that God whom we mutually adore. with which death is about to invest thee. Thou You wish also to partake with us in our gratineedest no more than this last moment of my tude, and to join your homages with those we ministry. Death himself is about to do all the have just rendered to him in this new edifice. rest, to dissipate all thy darkness, to justify re- But alas! those of our fellow-countrymen, ligion, and to crown thy hopes.
whose minds are still impressed with the recol
lection of those former churches, whose de-. SERMON XCIV.
struction occasioned them much grief, cannot taste a joy wholly pure. The ceremonies of
this day will associate themselves, with those CONSECRATION OF THE CHURCH celebrated on laying the foundation-stone of AT VOORBURGH, 1726.
the second temple. The priests officiated, in
deed, in their pontifical robes; the Levites, Ezek. ix. 16.
sons of Asaph, caused their cymbals to resound
afar; one choir admirably concerted its reAlthough I have cast them far off among the hea- sponse to another; all the people raised a shout then, and among the countries, yet will I be to of joy, because the foundation of the Lord's them as a little sanctuary in the countries where house was laid. But the chiefs of the fathers, they shall come.
and the aged men, who had seen the superior The cause of our assembling to-day, my glory of the former temple, wept aloud, and brethren, is one of the most evident marks of in such sort that one could not distinguish the God's powerful protection, extended to a mul- voice of joy from the voice of weeping. titude of exiles whom these provinces have en- Come, notwithstanding, my dear brethren, circled with a protecting arm. It is a fact, and let us mutually praise the God, who, “in that since we abandoned our native land, we the midst of wrath remembers mercy,” Hab. have been loaded with divine favours. Some iii. 2. Let us gratefully meditate on this fresh of us have lived in affluence; others in the en- accomplishment of the prophecy I have just joyments of mediocrity, often preferable to af- read in your presence; “Though I have cast fluence; and all have seen this confidence them far off among the heathen, and among crowned, which has enabled them to say, while the countries, yet will I be to them as a little living even without resource, “In the moun- sanctuary in the countries where they shall tain of the Lord, it shall be seen in the moun-come." These are God's words to Ezekiel: to tain of the Lord, he will there provide." understand them, and with that view I attempt
But how consoling soever the idea may be the discussion, we must trace the events to in our dispersion of that gracious Providence, their source, and go back to the twenty-ninth which has never ceased to watch for our wel- year of king Josiah, to form correct ideas of fare, it is not the principal subject of our grati- the end of our prophet's ministry. It was in tude. God has corresponded more directly this year, that Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, with the object with which we were animated I and Astyages, king of Media, being allied by the marriage of Nebuchadnezzar, son of Nabo- Resuming the thread of the history; this alpolassar, with Amytis, daughter of Astyages, liance which the Jews had contracted with united their forces against the Assyrians, then Egypt, augmented their confidence at a time the most ancient and formidable power, took when every consideration should have abated Nineveh, their capital, and thus, by a peculiarit; it elevated them with the presumptuous nodispensation of Providence, they accomplish- tion of being adequate to frustrate the designs ed, and without thinking so to do, the pro- of Nebuchadnezzar, or rather those of God phecies of Jonah, Nahum, and Zephaniah, himself, who had declared that he would subagainst that celebrated empire.
jugate all the east to this potentate. He preFrom that period the empire of Nineveh sently retook from Pharaoh Nechoh, Carcheand of Babylon formed (again) but one, the mish, and the other cities conquered by that terror of all their neighbours, who had just prince. He did more; he transferred the war grounds of apprehension soon to experience a into Egypt, after having associated Nebuchadlot like that of Nineveh.
nezzar, his son, in the empire; and after variThis induced Pharaoh Nechoh, king of ous advantages in that kingdom, he entered on Egypt, who, of all the potentates of the east, the expedition against Judea, recorded in the was the best qualified to resist those conque- 37th chapter of the Second Book of Chronirors, to march at the head of a great army, cles; he accomplished what Isaiah had foreand make war with a prince, who for the fu- told to Hezekiah, that the Chaldeans “should ture, to use the expression of a prophet, was take his sons, and make them eunuchs in Babyregarded as “the hammer of all the earth,” lon,” Isa. xxxix. 7. He plundered Jerusalem; Jer. 1. 32. Pharaoh took his route through he put Jehoiakim in chains, and placed his Judea, and sent ambassadors to king Josiah, to brother Jehoiachin on the throne, who is somesolicit a passage through his kingdom. Jo- times called Jeconiah, and sometimes Coniah; siah's reply to this embassy, even to this day, and who availed himself of the grace he had astonishes every interpreter; he took the field, received, to rebel against his benefactor. This he opposed the designs of Nechoh, which prince quickly revenged the perfidy; he beseemed to have no object but to emancipate sieged Jerusalem, which he had always kept the nations Nebuchadnezzar had subjugated, blockaded since the death of Jehoiakim, and and to confirin those that desponded through he led away a very great number of captives fear of being loaded with the same chain. Jo- into Babylon, among whom was the prophet siah, unable to frustrate the objects of Nechoh, | Ezekiel. was slain in the battle, and with him seemed Ezekiel was raised up of God to prophesy to expire whatever remained of piety and to the captive Jews, who constantly indulged prosperity in the kingdom of Judah.
the reverie of returning to Jerusalem, while Pharaoh Nechoh defeated the Babylonians Jeremiah prophesied to those who were yet in near the Euphrates, took Carchemish, the capi- their country, on whom awaited the same destal of Mesopotamia, and, augmenting the plea- tiny. They laboured unanimously to persuade sure of victory by that of revenge, he led his their countrymen to place no confidence in victorious army through Judea, deposed Je- their connexion with Egypt; to make no more hoahaz, son of Josiah, and placed Eliakim, his unavailing efforts to throw off the yoke of Nebrother, on the throne, whom he surnamed Je- buchadnezzar; and to obey the commands of hoiakim, 2 Kings xxiii.
that prince, or rather the commands of God, From that period Jehoiakim regarded the who was wishful, by his ministry, to punish king of Egypt as his benefactor, to whom he the crimes of all the east. was indebted for his throne and his crown. He Our prophet was transported into Jerusalem; believed that Pharaoh Nechoh, whose sole au- he there saw those Jews, who, at the very time thority had conferred the crown, was the only while they continued to flatter them with avertprince that could preserve it. The Jews at ing the total ruin of Judea, hastened the event, once followed the example of their king; they not only by continuing, but by redoubling their espoused the hatred which subsisted in Egypt cruelties, and their idolatrous worship. At the against the king of Babylon, and renewed with very crisis while he beheld the infamous conNechoh an alliance the most firm which had duct of his countrymen in Jerusalem, he heard ever subsisted between the two powers. God himself announce the punishments with
Were it requisite to support here what the which they were about to be overwhelmed; sacred history says on this subject, I would il- and saying to his ministers of vengeance, lustrate at large a passage of Herodotus, who," Go through the city; strike, let not your eye when speaking of the triumph of Pharaoh spare, neither have yo pity: Slay utterly old Nechoh, affirms, that after this prince had ob- and young, both maids and little children; and tained a glorious victory in the fields of Me- women.--Defile my house, and fill the courts giddo, he took a great city of Palestine, sur- with the slain,” ix. 5—7. But while God derounded with hills, which is called Cadytis: livered a commission so terrible with regard to there is not the smallest doubt but this city the abominable Jews, he cast a consoling rewas Jerusalem, which in the Scriptures is of- gard on others; he said to a mysterious person, ten called holy by way of excellence; and it Go through the midst of the city, and set a was anciently designated by this glorious title. mark on the foreheads of the men that sigh, Now, the word holy, in Hebrew, is Keduscha, and that cry for the abominations committed and in Syriac Kedutha. To this name Hero in the midst thereof." I am grieved for the dotus affixed a Greek termination, and called honour of our crítics, who have followed the Kadytis the city that the Syrians or the Arabs Vulgate version in a reading which disfigures call Kedutha, which, correspondent to my as the text; " set the letter thau on the foreheads sertion, was the appellation given to Jerusalem. I of those that sigh.” To how many puerilities
has this reading given birth? What mysteries 1. He deplores the carnage which stained have they not sought in the letter thau? But Judea with blood: “The priests and the prothe Vulgate is the only version which has thus phets have been slain in the sanctuary of the read the passage. The word thau, in Hebrew, Lord. The young and the old lie on the implies a sign; to write this letter on the fore- ground in the streets; my virgins and the head of any one, is to make a mark; and to young men are fallen by the sword: thou hast imprint a mark on the forehead of a man, is, slain; thou hast killed, and hast not pitied in the style of prophecy, to distinguish him by them in the day of thine anger. Thou hast some special favour. So the Seventy, the convened my terrors, as to a solemn day,” chap. Arabic, and Syriac, have rendered this expres- ii. 20—22. sion. You will find the same figures employed 2. He deplores the horrors of the famine by St. John, in the Revelation.
which induced the living to envy the lot of The words of my text have the same import those that had fallen in war: “ The children as the above passage; they may be restricted and the sucklings swoon in the streets; they to the Jews already in captivity; I extend them, say to their mothers, when expiring in their however, to the Jews who groaned for the bosom, where is the corn and the wine? They enormities committed by their countrymen in that be slain with the sword are happier than Jerusalem. The past, the present, and the fu- they that be slain with hunger. Have not the ture time, are sometimes undistinguished in women eaten the children that they suckled? the holy tongue; especially by the prophets, to Naturally pitiful, have they not baked their whom the certainty of the future predicted children to supply them with food?” chap. ii. events, occasioned them to be contemplated, 11, 12. 20; iv. 9, 10. as present, or as already past. Consonant to 3. He deplores the insults of their enemies: this style, “I have cast them far off among the “All that pass by clap their hands at thee; heathen,” may imply, I will cast them far off; they hiss and shake their heads at the daughter I will disperse them among the nations, &c. of Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city called the
To both those bodies of Jews, of whom I perfection of beauty, the joy of the whole have spoken, I would say, those already cap- earth?" chap. ii. 15. tivated in Babylon when Ezekiel received this 4. He deplores the insensibility of God himvision, and those who were led away after the self, who formerly was moved with their calatotal ruin of Jerusalem, that however afflictive mities, and ever accessible to their prayers: their situation might appear, God would me- " Thou hast covered thyself with a cloud that liorate it by constant marks of the protection our prayers should not pass through: and when he would afford. “Though I may or have I cry and shout, he rejecteth my supplication,” cast them far off among the heathen; and chap. iii. 44. 8. among the countries; though I may disperse 5. He deplores the favours God had conferthem among strange nations; yet I will be to red, the recollection of which served but to them as a little sanctuary in the countries render their grief the more poignant, and their where they are come.”
fall the more insupportable: * Jerusalem in This is the general scope of the words we the days of her affliction remembered all her have read. Wishful to apply them to the de- pleasant things that she had in the days of old. sign of this day, we shall proceed to draw a How doth the city sit in solitude that was full parallel between the state of the Jews in Baby- of people? How is she that was great among ion, and that in which it has pleased God to the nations become a widow, and she that was place the churches whose ruin we have now princess among the provinces become tribudeplored for forty years. The dispersion of the tary?" chap. i. 7. 1. Jews had three distinguished characters. 6. Above all, he deplores the strokes level1. A character of horror;
led against religion: “ The ways of Zion do II. A character of justice;
mourn because none come to the solemn feasts: III. A character of mercy.
all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh; her A character of horror; this people were dis- virgins are afflicted. The heathen have enterpersed among the nations; they were compel- ed into her sanctuary; the heathen concerning led to abandon Jerusalem, and to wander in di- whom thou didst say, that they should not vers countries. A character of justice; God enter into thy sanctuary,” chap. i. 4. 10. himself, the God who makes “judgment and These are the tints with which Jeremiah justice the habitation of his throne,” Ps. Ixxxix. paints the calamities of the Jews, and making 15, was the author of those calamities; “ I have those awful objects an inexhaustible source of cast them far off among the heathen; and dis- tears; he exclaims in the eloquence of grief; persed them among the countries." In fine, a "Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? Becharacter of mercy: “though I have cast them hold, and see, if there be any sorrow like unto far off among the heathen, I have been,” as my sorrow which is done unto me, wherewith we may read, " I will be to them as a little the Lord hath aftlicted me in the day of his sanctuary in the countries where they are fierce anger. For this cause I weep, mine eye, come.” These are the three similarities be- mine eye runneth down with tears, because tween the dispersed Jews, and the reformed, to the Comforter that should relieve my soul is whom these provinces have extended a com- far from me. Zion spreadeth her hands, and passionate arm.
there is none to comfort her. Mine eyes fail I. The dispersion of the Jews, connected with tears: whom shall I take to witness for with all the calamities which preceded and fol- thee; to whom shall I liken thee, O daughter lowed, had a character of horror: let us judge of Jerusalem; to whom shall I equal thee to of it by the lamentations of Jeremiah, who at- console thee, o daughter of Zion, for thy tested, as well as predicted the awful scenes. breach is great:-0 wall of the daughter of
Zion, let tears run down like a river day and confirming those in the truth who we had innight: give thyself no rest, let not the apple structed from our infancy. Sometimes they of thine eye cease. Arise, cry out in the night: prohibited the pastors from exercising the miin the beginning of the watches pour out thine nisterial functions for more than three years in heart like water before the Lord,” chap. i. 12. the same place. Sometimes they forbade us 16, 17; ii. 11. 13. 18, 19.
to print our books;f and sometimes seized those But is all this a mere portrait of past ages, already published. Sometimes they obstructor did the Spirit of God designate it as a ed our preaching in a church: sometimes from figure of ages that were to come! Are those doing it on the foundations of one that had the calamities of the Jews that Jeremiah has been demolished; and sometimes from worendeavoured to describe, or are they those shipping God in public. At one time they which for so many years have ravaged our exiled us from the kingdom; and at another, churches! Our eyes, accustomed to contem- forbade our leaving it on pain of death. plate so many awful objects, have become in- Here you might have seen trophies prepated capable of impression. Our hearts, habituated for those who had basely denied their religion, to anguish, are become insensible. Do not there you might have seen dragged to the priexpect me to open the wounds that time has sons, to the scaffold, or to the galleys, those already closed; but in recalling the recollection who had confessed it with an heroic faith: yea, of those terrific scenes which have stained our the bodies of the dead dragged on hurdles for churches with blood, I would inquire whether having expired confessing the truth. In anthe desolations of Jerusalem properly so called, other place you might have seen a dying man or those of the mystic Jerusalem be most en- at compromise with a minister of hell, on pertitled to our tears: May the sight of the cala- sisting in his apostacy, and the fear of leaving mities into which we have been plunged excite his children destitute of bread; and if he made in the bosom of a compassionate God, emo- not the best use of those last moments that the tions of mercy! May he in crowning the mar- treasures of Providence, and the long-suffering tyrs, extend mercy to those that occasioned of God, yet afforded him to recover from his their death.
fall. In other places, fathers and mothers I am impelled to the objects which the tearing themselves away from children, consolemnities of this day recall to your minds, cerning whom the fear of being separated from though I should even endeavour to dissipate them in eternity made them shed tears more the ideas; I would say, to the destruction of bitter than those that flowed on being separatour churches, and to the strokes which have ed in this life. Elsewhere you might have been levelled against our religion. The colours seen whole families arriving in Protestant counJeremiah employed to trace the calamities of tries with hearts transported with joy, once Jews, cannot be too vivid to paint those which more to see churches, and to find in Christian have fallen on us. One scourge has followed communion, adequate sources to assuage the another for a long series of years, “ One deep anguish of the sacrifices they had made for its has called unto another deep at the noise of enjoyment. Let us draw the curtain over his water-spouts,” Ps. xlii: 7. A thousand and those affecting scenes. Our calamities, like a thousand strokes were aimed at our unhappy those of the Jews, have had a character of churches prior to that which rased them to the horror; this is a fact; this is but too easy to ground! and if we may so speak, one would prove. They have had also a character of have said, that those armed against us were justice, which we proceed to prove in our senot content with being spectators of our ruin; cond head. they were emulous to effectuate it.
II. That public miseries originate in the Sometimes they published edicts against crimes of a chastened people, is a proposition those who foreseeing the impending calamities that scarcely any one will presume to deny of the church; and unable to avert them, sought when proposed in a vague and general way; the sad consolation of not attesting the scenes.* but perhaps it is one of those whose evidence Sometimes against those who having had the is less perceived when applied to certain pribaseness to deny their religion, and unable to vate cases, and when we would draw the conbear the remorse of their conscience, had re- sequences resulting from it in a necessary and covered from their fall. Sometimes they pro- immediate manner: propose it in a pulpit, and hibited pastors from exercising their discipline each will acquiesce. But propose it in the cabion those of their flock who had abjured the net; say, that the equipment of fleets, the levy truth. Sometimes they permitted children at of armies, and contraction of alliances, are the age of seven years to embrace a doctrine, feeble barriers of the state, unless we endeain the discussion of which they affirm, that your to eradicate the crimes which have eneven adults were inadequate to the task. At kindled the wrath of Heaven, and you would one time they suppressed a college, at another be put in the abject class of those good and they interdicted a church.|| Sometimes they weak sort of folks that are in the world. I do envied us the glory of converting infidels and not come to renew the controversy, and to inidolaters; and required that those unhappy vestigate what is the influence of crimes on people should not renounce one kind of idola- the destiny of nations, and the rank it holds try but to embrace another, far less excusable, in the plans of Providence. Neither do I apas it dared to show its front amid the light of pear at the bar of philosophy the most scruputhe gospel. They envied us the glory also of lous and severe, and at the bench of policy the
most refined and profound, to prove that it is The edict of August, 1689. Declaration against the relapsed, May 1679.
* August 1684,
July 9th, 1685. June 1680. 9 June 1681. || January 1683.
Sept. 6th, 1685. July 30th, 1680.