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our own estate, envying or grieving invidiam ac dolorem de bono proxiat the good of our neighbor, and all mi, una cum animi nostri motibus inordinate motions or affections et affectionibus circa ea quæ proximi to any thing that is his.
sunt inordinatis quibuscunque. Ques. 82. Is any man able perfectly Quæs. Quisquamne potis est manto keep the commandments of God ? data Dei perfecte observare ?
Ans. No mere man, since the fall, Resp. Post lapsum nemo extat huis able, in this life, perfectly to keep mana tantum natura constans, qui the commandments of God; but mandata Dei perfecte in hac vita doth daily break them, in thought, implere potest, quominus ea quotidie word, and deed.
tum cogitatione, tum dictis factisque
violet. Ques. 83. Are all transgressions Quæs. An vero sunt omnes violaof the law equally heinous ? tiones legis ex æquo graves ?
Ans. Some sins in themselves, Resp. Peccata sunt nonnulla aliis and by reason of several aggrava- cum sua natura, tum propter varias tions, are more heinous in the sight eorum aggravationes in conspectu of God than others.
Dei graviora. Ques. 84. What doth every sin Quæs. Quid est quod meretur pecdeserve ?
catum unumquodque ? Ans. Every sin deserveth God's Resp. Unumquodque peccatum wrath and curse, both in this life iram Dei meretur ac maledictionem and that which is to come.
cum in vita præsenti, tum in futura. Ques. 85. What doth God re- Quæs. Quid autem exigit a nobis quire of us, that we may escape Deus, quo nobis ob peccatum debitas his wrath and curse, due to us iram ejus ac maledictionem effugiafor sin ?
Ans. To escape the wrath and Resp. Quo iram Dei ac malecurse of God, due to us for sin, dictionem ob peccatum nobis debiGod requireth of us faith in Jesus tas effugiamus, exigit a nobis Deus Christ, repentance unto life, with fidem in Jesum Christum, resipithe diligent use of all the outward scentiam ad vitam, una cum usu means whereby Christ communi- mediorum omnium externorum dilicateth to us the benefits of re- genti
, quibus Christus nobis comdemption.
municat redemptionis suæ beneficia.
London ed. of 1658: and.
Ques. 86. What is faith in Jesus Quæs. Quid est fides in Jesum. Christ?
Christum ? Ans. Faith in Jesus Christ is a Resp. Fides in Jesum Christum saving grace, whereby we receive est gratia salvifica, qua illum reand rest upon him alone for salva- cipimus, eoque solo nitimur, ut salvi tion, as he is offered to us in the simus, prout ille nobis offertur in gospel.
evangelio. Ques. 87. What is repentance unto Quæs. Quid est resipiscentia ad life?
vitam ? Ans. Repentance unto life is a Resp. Resipiscentia ad vitam est saving grace, whereby a sinner, gratia salvifica, qua peccator e vero out of a' true sense of his sin, peccati sui sensu, ac apprehensione and apprehension of the mercy divinæ in Christo misericordiæ, doof God in Christ, doth, with grief lens ac perosus peccatum suum ab and hatred of his sin, turn from illo ad Deum convertitur, cum noit unto God, with full purpose of, væ obedientiae pleno proposito et coand endeavor after, new obedi- natu. ence.
Ques. 88. What are the outward Quæs. Quænam sunt externa and ordinary means whereby Christ media quibus Christus nobis comcommunicateth to us the benefits of municat redemptionis suce benefiredemption ?
cia ? Ans. The outward and ordinary Resp. Media externa ac ordinameans whereby Christ communi-ria quibus Christus nobis commucateth to us the benefits of redemp- nicat redemptionis suce beneficia tion, are his ordinances, especially sunt ejus instituta, verbum præserthe word, sacraments, and prayer; tim, sacramenta, et oratio; quæ all which are made effectual to the quidem omnia electis redduntur efelect for salvation.
ficacia ad salutem. Ques. 89. How is the word made Quæs. Qua ratione fit verbum efeffectual to salvation ?
ficax ad salutem ? Ans. The Spirit of God maketh Resp. Spiritus Dei lectionem verbi the reading, but especially the præcipue vero prædicationem ejus preaching of the word, an effectnal reddit medium efficax convincendi, means of convincing and convert-convertendique peccatores, eosdemque ing sinners, and of building them in sanctimonia et consolatione ædiup
* London ed. of 1658 omits a.
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in holiness and comfort through ficandi per fidem ad salutem. faith unto salvation.
Ques. 90. How is the Word to be Quæs. Quomodo legi debet ac, auread and heard, that it may become diri verbum, ut evadat efficax ad effectual to salvation !
salutem Ans. That the Word may be- Resp. Quo verbum evadat efficax come effectual to salvation, we ad salutem, debemus ei cum præmust attend thereunto with dili- paratione, ac oratione diligenter gence, preparation, and prayer; re- attendere ; idemque fide excipere ac ceive it with faith and love, lay it amore, in animis nostris recondere, up in our hearts, and practice it in ac in vita nostra exprimere. our lives.
Ques. 91. How do the sacraments Quæs. Qui evadunt sacramenta become effectual means of salvation media efficacia ad salutem ?
Ans. The sacraments become ef- Resp. Sacramenta evadunt efficafectual means of salvation, not from cia ad salutem media, non ulla in any virtue in them, or in him that ipsis vi, nec in eo qui illa adminidoth administer them, but only by strat ; verum Christi solummodo the blessing of Christ, and the benedictione, ac Spiritus ejus in iis working of his Spirit in them that qui illa per fidem recipiunt operaby faith receive them.
tione. Ques. 92. What is a sacrament? Quæs. Quid est sacramentum ?
Ans. A sacrament is a holy ordi- Resp. Sacramentum est ordinatio nance instituted by Christ; where- sacra a Christo instituta, in qua in, by sensible signs, Christ and the fidelibus per signa in sensus incurbenefits of the new covenant are rentia Christus, novique fæderis represented, sealed, and applied to beneficia repræsentantur, obsignanbelievers.
tur, et applicantur. Ques. 93. Which are the sacra- Quæs. Quænam sunt sacramenta ments of the New Testament ? Novi Testamenti?
Ans. The sacraments of the New Resp. Sacramenta Novi TestaTestament are Baptism and the menti sunt Baptismus ac cæna
Dei. Ques. 94. What is Baptism? Quæs. Quid est baptismus ? Ans. Baptism is a sacrament, Resp. Baptismus est Sacra
wherein the washing with water, mentum, in quo ablutio per aquam in the name of the Father, and of in nomine Patris ac Filii ac Spirithe Son, and of the Holy Ghost, tus Sancti, nostram in Christum doth signify and seal our ingraft- insitionem, et beneficiorum fæderis ing into Christ and partaking of gratiæ participationem, pactumque the benefits of the covenant of nostrum, nos nempe Domini futugrace, and our engagement to be ros esse totos, significat obsignatthe Lord's.
que. Ques. 95. To whom is Baptism to Quæs. Quibus est Baptismus adbe administered?
ministrandus ? Ans. Baptism is not to be ad- Resp. Baptismus non est admiministered to any that are out of nistrandus quibusdam extra Ecclethe visible Church, till they profess siam visibilem constitutis, donec se their faith in Christ, and obedience in Christum credere, eique obedito him; but the infants of such as entes fore professi fuerint ; verum are members of the visible church, infantes eorum qui membra sunt are to be baptized.
Ecclesiæ visibilis sunt baptizandi. Ques. 96. What is the Lord's Quæs. Quid est cana Domini ? Supper ?
Ans. The Lord's Supper is a sac- Resp. Cana Domini est Sacrarament, wherein, by giving and re- mentum, in quo pane ac vino secunceiving bread and wine, according dum Christi institutum datis acto Christ's appointment, his death ceptisque, mors cjus ostenditur ; quæ is showed forth, and the worthy re- qui digne participant, corporis ejus ceivers are, not after a corporal and et sanguinis (non quidem corporeo carnal manner, but by faith, made et carnali modo, verum) per fidem partakers of his body and blood, fiunt participes, omniumque ipsius with all his benefits, to their spirit- beneficiorum ad nutritionem suam ual nourishment and growth in spiritualem suumque in gratia ingrace.
crementum. Ques. 97. What is required to the Quæs. Ut digne quis participet worthy receiving of the Lord's Sup- cænam Dominicam quid requiri
tur ? Ans. It is required of them that Resp. Qui coenam Dominicam would worthily partake of the digne cupiunt participare, requiriLord's Supper, that they examine tur, ut semet examinent cum de cogthemselves of their knowledge to nitione sua, qua corpus Domini valediscern the Lord's body, of their ant discernere, tum de fide sua, qua faith to feed upon him, of their re- vescantur ipso, tum etiam de resipipentance, love, and new obedience; scentia sua, amore ac obedientia nova; lest coming unworthily, they eat ne forte indigni si advenerint, judiand drink judgment to themselves. cium edant bibantque sibimetipsis.
Ques. 98. What is prayer ? Quæs. Quid est precatio ?
Ans. Prayer is an offering up of Resp. Precatio est qua petitiones our desires unto God, for things nostras pro rebus divinae voluntati agreeable to his will, in the name congruis offerimus Deo, in nomine of Christ, with confession of our Christi, una cum peccatorum nostrosins, and thankful acknowledgment rum confessione, et grata beneficioof his mercies.
rum ejus agnitione. Ques. 99. What rule hath God Quæs. Quam nobis regulum praegiven for our direction in prayer 9 scripsit Deus precibus nostris diri
gendis ? Ans. The whole Word of God is
Resp. Totum Dei verbum utile est of use to direct us in prayer, but nobis in oratione dirigendis; spethe special rule of direction is that cialis vero directionis norma est illa form of prayer which Christ taught orationis formula quam discipulos his disciples, commonly called, The suos edocuit Christus, oratio domiLord's Prayer.
nica quæ vulgo dicitur. Ques. 100. What doth the preface Quæs. Quid nos docet orationis of the Lord's Prayer teach us ? Dominicæ præfatio ?
Ans. The preface of the Lord's Resp. Orationis Dominicæ præePrayer, which is, 'Our Father which fatio nempe [Pater noster, qui es in art in heaven,' teacheth us to draw cælis) nos docet accedere ad Deum near to God with all holy rever- cum omni sancta reverentia ac confience and confidence, as children to dentia, tanquam filios ad patrem, qui a father, ableand ready to help us; et potis est ut paratus nobis opituand that we should pray with and lari ; prout etiam cum aliis atque for others.
pro aliis orare. Ques. 101. What do we pray for Quæs. Quid est quod oramus in in the first petition ?
petitione prima ? Ans. In the first petition, which Resp. In petitione prima, scil.
i London ed. of 1658 omits able and.