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The Society
Society for the Promotion of bellenic Studies.

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OBJECTS.-The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies was founded in 1879 for the following objects:

I.-To advance the study of Greek language, literature, and art, and to illustrate the history of the Greek race in the ancient, Byzantine, and Neo-Hellenic periods, by the publication of memoirs and unedited documents or monuments in a Journal to be issued periodically. II. To collect drawings, facsimiles, transcripts, plans, and photographs of Greek inscriptions, MSS., works of art, ancient sites and remains, and with this view to invite travellers to communicate to the Society notes or sketches of archæological and topographical interest.

To organize means by which members of the Society may have increased facilities for visiting ancient sites and pursuing archæological researches in countries which, at any time, have been the sites of Hellenic civilization.

Application for membership, or for information about the Society, should be addressed to the Secretary, at 19 Bloomsbury Square, W.C. 1.

The Journal of Hellenic Studies and other publications of the Society are issued by Messrs. Macmillan & Co., Ltd., and can be purchased from any bookseller, the published price to non-members being 30s. net per volume or 15s. net each part. Members are entitled to receive a copy of the Journal on publication during their membership, and can purchase back volumes at the subscription rate of 21s. per annum.

Members also have the use of a well-equipped library at 19 Bloomsbury Square and of a large collection of lantern-slides illustrative of Classical Studies.

THE CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

THE objects of the Classical Association are to promote the development and maintain the well-being of classical studies, and in particular (a) to impress upon public opinion the claim of such studies to an eminent place in the national • scheme of education; (b) to improve the practice of classical teaching; (c) to encourage investigation and call attention to new discoveries; (d) to create opportunities for intercourse among lovers of classical learning.

Membership of the Association is open to men and women alike. The annual subscription is 5s. (life composition, £3 15s.), and there is an entrance fee of 5s. (not charged to Libraries). Members receive a copy of the annual Proceedings of the Association and, on payment of 2s. 6d., of The Year's Work in Classical Studies (both post free). They may also obtain the Classical Review and Classical Quarterly at reduced prices, provided that the subscriptions be paid before January 31st in each year. Subscriptions sent in later than that date must be at the rates offered to the general public.

Inquiries and applications for membership should be addressed to the Hon. Treasurer, Mr. E. Norman Gardiner, 2, The College, Epsom; or to either of the Hon. Secretaries, Professor Pearson, Etonfield, King's Gap, Hoylake, Cheshire, and Rev. G. C. Richards, Oriel College, Oxford; or to the Hon. Secretary of any of the district Branches-viz., Miss Hilda Livesey, 155, Oswald Road, Chorltoncum-Hardy, near Manchester; Miss Margaret Hooker, Secondary School for Girls, Erdington, Birmingham; Mr. H. A. Ormerod, The University, Liverpool; Mr. E. P. Barker, 426, Woodborough Road, Nottingham; Miss Wilkinson, Badminton House, Clifton, Bristol; Mr. Basil Anderton, The Public Library, New Bridge Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; Miss E. Strudwick, City of London School for Girls, Carmelite Street, E.C.4; Miss M. E. Pearson, University Registry, Cathays Park, Cardiff; Mr. E. E. Bibby, The University, Leeds; Miss M. L. Newman, 7, College Street, Sheffield; Mr. E. D. T. Jenkins, University College, Aberystwyth; Mr. D. Emrys Evans, University College, Bangor; and Professor Dawson, Northcote House, Apollo Bander, Bombay.

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F1 is Milan, Ambrosianus 120 (B 98 sup.); foll. III. (paper) +227 (parchment); cmm. 25, 1× 17, 8, with thirty lines to the page; cent. early XV. Contents: ff. IV-125, Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, with marginal and interlinear scholia; followed by his Life. 127, Batrachomyomachia. 132, PseudoHerodotus, Life of Homer.2 142", Maximus of Tyre, πŵs <äv> TIS äXUTTOS ein (Dissert. XXXIV. Dübner). 145, Orpheus, Argonautica. 168', éπýкοοι• кaì πρòs éρπεтà, i.e. Orpheus, Lithica, 11. 91-110, 115-140, 145-171, 176-202, 207-233, 238-266, 271-300, 305-332, 337-364, 369-398, 467-498, 500-531, 533-564, 566774. 178-209′, Homeric Hymns III.-XXXIII. 209, 'Homeric' epigram eis Cévovs (Hom. Epigr. I. Baum.).3 209-227, Callimachus, Hymns, with marginal and interlinear scholia. 227, four lines (vuvô тòv vчíšvyov τὴν παλαιτέpav). The manuscript is bound in leather. Marks of gatherings are lacking from the Callimachean portion. All the writing is in the same small and very peat hand. Ligatures abound. In the text, final letters (one, two, or three together, in full or abbreviated forms) are frequently written above those which precede them; in the same position, but in the middle of a word, a and abbreviated ev appear frequently; a, e, σ or s, and abbreviated ov and as, rarely. Iota subscr. is not regularly employed. Horizontal supralinear strokes are used 38 times to indicate names of persons.5 The scribe was a careful copyist. His major errors, not found in the common stock either of the manuscripts in general or of the z group, nor shared with G and H, number only 25 (permutation of letters, 7; omission and insertion of letters, 15; mis

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division of words, 3); his minor, 43 (including 35 of accent). Six times he corrects his word before completing it, thrice afterwards. Olgiatus saw this manuscript in 1603.1

3

At2 is Athos, Vatopedi, cod. gr. 587; foll. 247 (written èπì xáρrov ȧpxaíov παρεμφερούς μεμβράνῃ); ἔχει δὲ μῆκος μὲν 0, 27, πλάτος δὲ 0, 20, καὶ πάχος 0, 25; Dr. Mahaffy somewhat hesitatingly ascribed it to cent. XIII., Wilamowitz says it is assigned to cent. XIV. Contents: ff. 1-32, a Life of Sophocles, followed by Ajax, with scholia. 33-62, Electra, with scholia. 62-92, Oedipus Tyrannus, without scholia. 93-120, a Life of Euripides, followed by Hecuba, with scholia. 121-1555, Orestes, with a few scholia. 155-190, Phoenissae, with a few scholia. 191-218, Homeric Hymns III.XXXIII. (omitting VIII.), followed by 'Homeric' epigram eis §évovs (Hom. Epigr. I. Baum.). 219-224, Pseudo-Herodotus, Life of Homer.5 225-247, Callimachus, Hymns, followed by four lines (vμvô тòv vþíšvyov τὴν Taλaιтéρav). All the writing is in the same hand, except the scholia to Electra.

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G' is Vienna, Imperial Library, gr. 318; ff. 158 et praeterea inter singulos auctores manipuli aliquot foliorum quae numeris carents (paper), octavo; cent. XV. Contents: ff. 1-44, Phalaris, Letters. 45-55, Miopidátov Tŵν BρоÚTOV ÉπLOTOXŵv ovvaywyń. 56-71, Alciphron, Letters. 72-128, Pindar, Olympian and Pythian Odes, without scholia. 129-135, Musaeus, Hero and Leander. 136-158, Callimachus, Hymns, without scholia. This MS., as we learn from an entry in it, was bought at Venice for the Imperial Library in 1672 for sixteen florins.

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He is Leiden, Vossianus 59; paper, with twenty-seven lines to the page in the Callimachean portion; cent. XV. Contents: Orpheus, Argonautica and Hymns. Pythagoras, Aurea carmina.' 56-75, Callimachus, Hymns, without scholia, followed by Epigr. Anth. Dübner, IX. 48.10 Then follow Anth. Dübner, III. (Appendix), Ch. III. 85; Anth. Dübner, XVI. 92 (=Anth. Planud. 92);11 scholia on Homer's Boeotia; Musaeus, Hero and Leander; Hesiod, Shield of Heracles; 'versus in labyrinthum,' i.e. probably the epigram (Anth. Dübner, IX. 191) concerning Lycophron's Alexandra; Phocylides; Aratus, Phaenomena; Nicander, Theriaca and Alexipharmaca; Phanocles' poem. In the Callimachean portion occurs only one mark of gathering (f. 67, the catch-word voτepov for IV. 172, written like those in Q and E). The hand is neat, but internal corrections are numerous, as are mistakes of accent and breathing, while mis-divisions number nearly 80. The mar

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ginalia are almost exclusively proper names or epithets, drawn from the text; and horizontal supralinear strokes are used to indicate names of persons.1

A is Florence, Laurentianus 440;3 foll. 23 (paper); cmm. 20, 9 × 14, I, with twenty-four (sometimes twenty-five) lines to the page; cent. XV. Contents: only Callimachus, Hymns, without scholia. The first letter of each Hymn, and that of each distich of Hymn V. are in red—majuscule in thè former case, minuscule in the latter. The manuscript has neither variants nor annotations. It is entirely free from stains, and has scarcely any traces of corrections made by the scribe after erasure. Proper names of persons are marked with a horizontal suprascript stroke.* Iota subscr. is rarely used.

This manuscript belonged to the Ashburnham collection.

15 is Vatican, greco 1379; foll. 114 (paper); quarto, with twenty-four (once twenty-five) lines to the page in the Callimachean portion. De Nolhac states that it comprises five distinct manuscripts of the fifteenth century. Contents: (a) ff. 1-24, some poems of Theocritus ('con un edyllio di più' <che nell' altri, Orsini), Moschus, and Bion, with Simmias' Syrinx and Dosiadas' Altar. Theocritus has variantes marg., divisions marquées par des traits à la plume et une notice métrique en tête de chaque pièce." (b) ff. 25-30, Baßpíov Eλληvos тETράoтixa: 30-1, Maximus Planudes, de cibis bonis et malis':8 32-3, Ἑρμοῦ τοῦ τρισμεγίστου περὶ σεισμῶν. 'Ev äλλw 'Oppéws:o 33, Euclid ἡμίονος καὶ ὄνος :10 33-4, Σόλωνος ἐλεγεία. (c) ff. 35-57, Callimachus, Hymns, without scholia; at the top of 35′ x hymnos aiunt edidisse summum Callimachum perdifficiles atque elegantiarum plenos. Moschus'; and on 58′ 'Coraini (?) conscripsi m. Georg. Mosch. Callimachi hymnos hosce anno Domini 1496 III cal. Μαίας.”11 (α) ff. 59-100, Κανονίσματα πάνυ ἀναγκαῖα ῥημάτων ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολὺ ἐμφερομένων παρά τε ποιηταῖς καὶ ῥήτορσιν ἐκλεγέντα ἀπὸ διαφόρων βιβλίων. (e) ff. 104-106, Plutarch, Life of Hyperides: 106v-107, Plutarch, Life of Dinarchus, and a decree from his Life of Demosthenes (Tipoɣáρns AáxηTOS Λευκονοεύς· αἰτεῖ Δημοσθένει κτλ.): III-136", Ἐπιστολὴ Πετοσίρεω φιλοσόφου πρὸς τὸν Νεχεψὼ βασιλέα: 113-114", figures illustrating the last previous item. In the Callimachean portion there are no marks of gatherings. We find there three varieties of writing, of which (1) the first, that of the text, is

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small and fairly neat. The scribe has seldom stumbled in writing the text; only 5 times does he show suprascript insertions (all of which Br embodies in its text); his other suprascripts and his three marginalia will be mentioned in dealing with Br as a copy of I. His only contractions are those for ε and ☛r; e sometimes appears in the form c; he writes ev and eo continuously, and is, indeed, extremely fond of ligature, sometimes even binding the end of one word to the beginning of the next. -σ is preferred to -s at the end of a line nearly twice in every three times. At times iota subscr. is overlooked. An accent is sometimes written in continuation of the letter to which it refers. Horizontal suprascript strokes appear 29 times, and mark the names of persons; underlining is found with the adverbial forms тоπρŵтоv (III. 23, 113; V. 105; and even at IV. 298), тажρŵта (IV. 22, 149; and at II. 58, 64), TATрOTIσra (IV. 30), and тожaλaιóv (IV. 37). A cross is set before IV. 30 (Taporiσra underlined) and IV. 42 (a suprascript correction), and after V. 55 (unmetrical) and VI. 63 (second Kúοv omitted); a short stroke before VI. 44 and 48 is inexplicable. Letters larger than the context, and projecting into the margin, begin I. 10, III. 26, 139, 140, 142, 158, IV. 99, 133, 141, 147, 217, 200; and the odd lines of Hymn V. have their initial letters in different ink from the rest. (2) At the end of VI. 23 (a blank line in the z group) I has Scoda in larger and finer script than the text, but clearly from the text-hand; By accepts it, but writes it wholly beyond the range of the end of 22. (3) There is also in I a body of alterations and additions, which sometimes size of letters, hue of ink, or a certain sponginess in the letters, sometimes the presence of two or all of these features, distinguishes from the scribe's original text. The corrector has made 21 changes in the text of ff. 35-38′ (I. 1– 11. 00) and 33 in that of 43-46 (III. 168-IV. 89),2 scoring through letters and accents, and often placing the letters he prefers in the margin, sometimes with a caret-mark prefixed. He has 17 times altered accent or punctuation, or added iota subscr, or marked the division between two contiguous words; twice (1. 1, 38) he has scored through a suprascript or marginal note of the text-hand. After Hymn VI. he adds the four lines iμvô Tòv víšvyov . . . 1)s wa\asrépay, Br lacks these; of the alterations it gives the resultant only

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"It **duly text (corrector p for v), 12 - bab▼ RON 14), 41 yvwrot (vl for yv), 46 èraîpai Αλλά ενώ τα καλά), 48 λύκνῳ (ει for v), 68 θήκας 19h and a long) (8 dwýpoxor (el for ý), 80 xe (al www X** (4), &4 dNo30# (v for v); II. 2 olo of the pro 14 Adapur (corrected in text-size και με το χειρισμών), 19) κίθαριν (κυ-), 20 ἀχιλέα Azay twice (ly). 33 rá r' ănμμа (TÓ T'), *«*»\@dyXaxres (corrected first by w for res), 63 éπeßáλero (v-) ; www for ol), 175 μýve dv (sic) prated by a stroke, 179 кeраɛλKÉES Rep ( \«). 188 evpúwoco (í for ú), γιου όπως ο Η μερική από αυτά σχεδόν, 198 νύμφην

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(α for η), 204 ἄναξ (-σσ'), 205 κρηταέες to κρητάιες
(the accent between a and ), 215 йvvoas (ʼn for v),
221 λύκον (ῥοῖκον), 224 ἀκρώρειαν (strokes through
ν), 231 τεύκρῳ (-ων), 239 φυγώ (η for v), 244
τετρήναντο (ον for av), 248 εὐρυθέμειλον (-θέμεθλον),
250 peîa (é for εî), 260 σǹv (T-), 260 olvoî (eî),
261 ἀτιμήσαντι (ά for ή), 261 πόλιν (πτο), 265 ὠρίων
(ώα for w) ; IV. 4 ἐθέλοι (-ει), 7 ἀείσοι (-ει), 10
καίριος (κύνθιος), 12 αιθυίαις (εις set above but
scored out, text altered to -ps), 15 édáσσavтo
(vv for δ), 16 πρώτοισι (-ῃσι), 19 ὄπισθεν (σ deleted),
62 εποπτεύοντες (ύ-), 67 θαύματος (to -αντος), 72
Taρakéλraι (marg. κ to precede X), 84 åékoɩ (-eɩ).
3 See on II, C.Q. 1920, p. 105, and cf. F and At.

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