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“And I will

me, that I am the Lord; and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart."-Jeremiah 24: 7. "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more."—Jeremiah 31: 31–34. give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you: and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh."-Eze. 11: 19. "Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness and from all your idols I will cleanse you."-Eze. 36: 25. "For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah, not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts; and I will be to them a God, and every they shall be to me a people: and they shall not teach man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more."-Hebrews 8: 8-12. "And he shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS; for he shall save his people from their sins."-Matt. 1: 21. "And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly: and I pray God your whole spirit, and soul, and body, be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it."-1. Thess. 5: 23, 24. "For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under of grace."-Rom. 6: 14. These and many other passages like import plainly teach the truth of the proposition we are considering, namely, that grace was designed to secure personal holiness and full return to the love required by the law rather than to dispense with this holiness or obedience as a condition of salvation.

3. The efficient influence that secures this return to full obedience to the law is the Holy Spirit received to reign in the heart by faith.

That God writes his law in the heart by his indwelling Spirit, is abundantly taught in the bible. Writing his law in the heart is begetting the spirit or love required by the law in their heart.

By his reigning in the heart is intended his setting up and continuing his dominion in the heart by writing his law there, or as is said just above, by begetting the love required by the law in the heart.

Also by reigning in the heart is intended that He leads, guides and controls the soul by enlightening and drawing it into conformity in all things to his will. Thus it is said, "It is God that worketh in you to will and to do of his good pleasure."

By the assertion that the Holy Spirit or the Spirit of Christ is received by faith to reign in the heart it is intended that He is actually trusted in or submitted to by faith, and His influence suffered to control us. He does not guide and control us by irresistible power or force, but faith confides the guidance of our souls to Him. Faith receives and confides in Him, and consents to be governed and directed by Him. As His influence is moral and not physical, it is plain that He can influence us no farther than we have confidence in Him, that is, no farther than we trust, confide in Him. But I must cite some passages that sustain these positions. "That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith."-Gal. 3: 14. "Until the Spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest."-Isaiah 32: 15. "For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my Spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring."-Isaiah 44: 3. "But this shall be the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel; After those days saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their God, and they shall be my people."-Jer. 31: 33. “And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me."— Jer. 32: 40. "And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daugh

ters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions."-Joel 2: 28, 29. "And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem the spirit of grace and supplication; and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his first born." -Zechariah 12: 10. "But this spake he of the Spirit which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified." John 7: 39. "Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this which ye now see and hear." Acts 2:33. "Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world can not receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you. and shall be in you."-John 14: 17. "There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ he is none of his. But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die; but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God."-Romans 8: 1-5-9-11-13, 14, 15, 16. "But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.". Gal. 5: 18. "Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?"-1 Cor. 3: 16. "What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?"-1 Cor. 6: 19. "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith. If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit." -Gal. 5: 22-25. "That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith, that ye, being rooted and grounded in love."-Eph.



3:17. For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God."-Eph. 2: 8. "And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith."-Phil. 3: 9. "Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead."-Col. 2: 12.

These passages abundantly support the position for the establishment of which they are quoted. It is only necessary to remark here,

1. That the Holy Spirit controls, directs, and sanctifies the soul, not by a physical influence, nor by impulses or by impres sions made on the sensibility, but by enlightening and convincing the intelligence.

2. The fundamentally important doctrine of an in dwelling Christ, that the Spirit of Christ must be received by faith to reign in the heart, has been extensively overlooked. "Christ our sanctification!" said a minister to me a few months since, "I never heard of such a thing." Also said a Doctor of Divinity to me, "I never heard Christ spoken of as our sanctification until the Perfectionists affirmed it." Indeed it is amazing to see how this blessed truth has been overlooked. Christ, by his Spirit, must actually dwell within and reign over us, and this is an unalterable condition of salvation. He is our King. He must be received by faith to set up and establish His kingdom in the heart, or salvation is impossible.



SANCTIONS OF MORAL LAW, NATURAL AND GOVERNMENTAL. In the discussion of this subject, I shall show,

I. What constitutes the sanctions of law.

II. That there can be no law without sanctions.

III. In what light the sanctions of law are to be regarded.
IV. The end to be secured by law and the execution of penal


V. The rule by which sanctions ought to be graduated.

I. What constitutes the sanctions of law.

1. The sanctions of law are the motives to obedience, that which is to be the natural and the governmental consequence or result of obedience and of disobedience.

2. They are remuneratory, that is, they promise reward to obedience.

3. They are vindicatory, that is, they threaten the disobedient with punishment.

4. They are natural, that is,

(1.) All moral law is that rule of action which is in exact accordance with the nature and relations of moral beings.

(2.) Happiness is to some extent naturally connected with, and the necessary consequence of obedience to moral law.

(3.) Misery is naturally and necessarily connected with and results from disobedience to moral law, or from acting contrary to the nature and relations of moral beings.

5. Sanctions are governmental. By governmental sanctions are intended,

(1.) The favor of the government as due to obedience. (2.) A positive reward bestowed upon the obedient by gov


(3.) The displeasure of government towards the disobedient

(4.) Direct punishment inflicted by the government as due to disobedience.

6. All happiness and misery resulting from obedience or disobedience, either natural or from the favor or frown of government, are to be regarded as constituting the sanctions of law.

II. There can be no law without sanctions.

1. It has been said in a former lecture that precepts without sanctions are only counsel or advice, and no law.

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