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rance of victory, and final triumph. After the first emotions of nature have subsided, when he had glanced at the objects around him, he rose superior to the things of this world, he knew that death puts a period to all sublunary connexions; that the titles of parent, friend, and son, are only vain names, when we come to the last hour. He no longer recognised his Again, let us admire the firmness and self- relations according to the flesh, he was going possession of our Lord: while beholding those to form a new relationship in heaven, to merge objects that were most likely to shake it, all earthly ties in the countless families of gloChrist was possessed of a tender heart. We rified saints, of whom he is the head. He aphave already noticed this, and will now consi-peared to know no longer that Mary who had der the principal circumstances in his life, that borne him, giving her no more the title of mowill justify this assertion. To this end, view ther, but said, Woman, behold thy son. him going from town to town, from province to province, doing good; see him discoursing familiarily with his disciples when he showed them a heart full of loving-kindness. Behold him shedding tears over Jerusalem, and pronouncing these affecting words, an everlasting memorial of his compassion, "If thou hadst known, at least in this thy day, the things which belong to thy peace, but now they are hid from thine eyes," Luke xix. 42. Behold him again, a short time before his death, occupied with care for his beloved disciples, who were to remain on the earth, and addressing to his Heavenly Father that affecting prayer for them recorded in John xvii. with the feelings of a soul full of the tenderest emotions. Jesus was exemplary in the several relations of a friend, of a master, and of a son. While he beheld around his cross only those whose malice delighted to witness his agony and aggravate his sufferings, he turned his thoughts from earth, to that eternal world into which he was about to enter. But what was the effect produced on his mind, by the sight of Mary, of whom it is expressly said in Scripture, that he loved her. What did he feel when he beheld the disciple whom he had distinguished by his peculiar friendship; and that other Mary in whose favour he had wrought such great miracles, "Ah, remove these beloved objects far from me, take away every tie that binds my departing soul to earth, your presence inflicts a sharper pain than the nails which pierce my hands; the sight of you is more insupportable than that of my murderers." Is this the language of our Lord? No: far otherwise; Christ remains firm, his courage is unabated. He was armed with almighty power, and he entered this dreadful conflict with the full assu

O, why cannot I communicate a portion of this intrepid firmness of soul to those who compose this congregation; O that we may every one on the bed of death feel some of its influence, and be enabled to exclaim, Come ye spectators of my agonies, draw near ye to whom nature has bound me by the closest ties, by the cords of love and friendship. Approach my friends, my children, that I may bid you a final farewell: come receive the last pledges of my affection, let me, for the last time, fold you in my paternal embrace, and cover you with my tears of affection; but do not suppose, that I would now draw tighter the cords which are so soon to be broken; think not that I would unite myself to you still closer at the time when God warns me that I must leave you for ever. I know you no longer; I know not father, mother, or children, but those who exist in the realms of glory, with whom I am about to form eternal relationship, which will absorb all my temporal connexions.

they would never be reduced to want. "When my father and my mother forsake me," said the psalmist," the Lord taketh me up," Ps. xxvii. 10. Let us also say, if I leave my father and mother in their old age, or my children in their infancy, the Lord will protect them. They will find a shelter under the wings of the Lord, and he will be their defence.

Thus the opposite extremities of virtue seemed to meet in the death of our Saviour as in a common centre, the perfections of the Godhead, holiness, compassion, constancy, pierced through the thick veil which shrouded his grandeur, his glory, his power, and his majesty. O, ye witnesses of his death, if his humiliation caused you to doubt his Godhead, his greatness of soul must have fully proved it. Behold the tombs open, the dead arise, all nature convulsed, bears witness to the dying Saviour; the graces that shone forth in his death are proofs of his noble origin, and his divine nature; such was the death of Jesus Christ; may such be our end. "Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his." Amen. Numb. xxiii. 10.




ABEL, in what sense he yet speaketh, ii 280 | Antinomian, his notion of the divine mercy
Abraham, his intercession for Sodom should
ii 255
he is faithfully warned and refut-

encourage us to pray for wicked


i 379

his great faith in the oblation of
ii 188

i 397

Achan, where are the Achans?


Actions, innocent, are often made criminal ii 4
Admonition among Christian brethren i 187
Adultery, the woman caught in the act of

i 266

the case of Drusilla

the character of an adultress
Adversities of life

they are the best means of
some men wise
Adversity is occasioned by crime in
Emilius Paulus, a saying of his,
Aged men, the difficulties of their conversion
ii 242. 244
fear and to


ii 8
ii 44
ii 212
ii 347
two re-
ii 350

ii 95

they are exhorted to
Ahaz, his preservation and wickedness
Alcoran, origin of that book

i 150

ii 355
a specimen of its absurdities
Alexander despised by the Scythians
i 124
Allegories, improper, censured i 42-ii 83
Alms, Christ's love the great motive to them
i 415
Alms of benevolence considered with regard to
society, to religion, to death, to judg-
ment, to heaven, to God 417
nine arguments in favour of alms 419
ii 7
Amorites, the nation and generation of them
considered as one person i 106
the whole inhabitants of Canaan
were so called
their iniquities

Amusements, men who have the love of God

shed abroad in their hearts
have little taste for them i 92
i 193
i 222
apostrophe to angels on the Godhead
of Christ


their number and employment
their happiness consists in glorifying
they bend over the ark to look into the
mystery of redemption ii 163
of the angel who sware standing on
the earth and on the sea
David prostrated before the destroying
Anger attributed to God, but it varies in six
points from the anger and ven-
geance of man
i 100
Animals, compassion for
i 367
Anise, mint, cummin, improvements on the
Antinomian, an, censured


i 369

i 300


Anathema Maranatha
Angels, a defence to the church




Anointing of the Holy Spirit
ii 399
Ants, an emblem of the busy multitudes of
ii 34
Apathy, or a spirit of slumber, dangerous to a
ii 348
Apostasy, among the French Protestants to
the Roman Catholic religion i 167
seven ways of apostasy
i 239
the dreadful sin of an enlightened
ii 328, 329
the apostasy through weakness and
enmity distinguished

four degrees of apostasy 331, 332
an address to sinners who have not
attained the highest degree of this

Apostolical constitutions confessedly spurious,
absurd, and the forgery of the
i 279
Apostrophe to the ecclesiastics who surround-
ed the person of Louis XIV.,

ii 294

i 197

on pretended miracles
to heathen philosophers

i 217

xvii. 3

Application to different classes of sinners i 96
Arians refuted in their false gloss on John
ii 157
the Arians also refuted in their whim-
sical gloss on John xvi. 13 ii 309
Aristocracy, its corruption described i 391
Arminius, (Van Harmine,) three replies to his
ii 103
in the Bible practical duties are
placed clear, and abstruse points
involved in depths, that Chris-
tians may have patience with
one another
God is no wise accessary to the de-
struction of sinners
Arnobius, his avowal of the Godhead of Christ
i 279


Assurance, St. Paul persuaded of it i 313
eight cautions concerning it ib.
assurance of justification may be

attended with a mixture of
doubts as to final salvation ib.
it is incompatible with a state of

assurance is demonstrated by the

experience of holy men ib.
by the nature of regeneration 315
by the prerogatives of a Christian


by the inward testimony of the
spirit of God


four cautions concerning it ib.
means of attaining assurance 350
degrees of grace and assurance ii


Assurance consists in foretastes of heaven ii

those foretastes are often connect-
ed with trials

they are often felt on sacramental
occasions and on the approaches
of death
eight causes why the generality of
the Christian world do not at-
tain assurance
388, &c.
389, &c.
Athanasius, the superiority of his arguments
over the Arians
i 279
Atheism, men embrace it to sin quietly i 210
its absurdity joined with superstition
ii 359

seven sources of evil

its difficulties

Atonement, the mystery of it arising from the
innocence of Christ i 191
it is illustrated under the notice

of a vicarious sacrifice i 249
its efficacy arises from the excel-
lence of the victim in five ar-
i 287
its extent liberally explained 292
the support of Christ's death

against all our fears of futurity
Christ's death is an expiation or
atonement for sin
ii 167
four arguments in favour of the
satisfaction made by Christ 229
five classes of arguments from the
Holy Scriptures demonstrative
of the atonement, and compris-
ing a refutation of those who
say that Christ's death was only
a demonstration of the truth of
his doctrine
Augsburgh, Confession or Lutheran and that
of Arminius, strictures on ii 103
Augustine proves that the texts which speak
of Christ as subordinate to the
Father ought to be understood of
his humanity and offices, because
the expressions are never used of
the Holy Ghost
i 277
he is accused of inconsistency, viz.
of favouring the cause of the Ma-
nichæans when he wrote against
the Pelagians
Avarice is always classed among the worst of
i 354
it is sometimes bluntly rebuked ii 38
the sin of avarice defined
it impels men to the worst of crimes ib.
it requires confession and restitution

ii 395


portrait of an avaricious man


i 172

ii 347
i 158

Balaam, his temporising character
Baptist, (John,) an opinion of his
Barzillai apparently anticipating death i 402
Bayle, an error of his refuted,
i 388
Begnon, (Rev. Mr.) comforted against the
fears of death by Christ's valedic-
tory address
in 147
Believers often receive the greatest good from
the severest affliction
i 75
the believer superior to the infidel at

the bar of authority, at the bar of
interest, of history, of reason, of
conscience, and of scepticism it-
Benediction on the different classes of hearers
at the close of a sermon, ii 91
Benevolence described
i 372
the want of it a horrible crime 414
it is the brightest ornament of re-
Birth, (new,) the ideas of the Rabbins con-
cerning it
ii 392
Bodies of the glorified saints probably not visible
to the grossity of our sight i 328
Born again, meaning of the expression ii 401
Brothels, the duty of magistrates concerning
ii 44

(Bp.) proves from the fathers of the
primitive church, their belief that Jesus
Christ subsisted before his birth-
that he was of the same essence with
the Father-and that he subsisted
with him from all eternity i 277


Cesar, his maxims and conquests
ii 9
Cæsarea, two towns of that name
i 157
Calamites, (national,) often the forerunners
of greater plagues in four respects
ii 352
Caleb and Joshua, the only two that entered
Canaan, are urged as an argument to
rouse sinners
ii 358
Canticles, an apology for the figurative style
of that book
ii 3
Cato of Utica persuaded of the immortality
of the soul by reading Plato i 141
Ceremonial law superseded by Christ i 288
whatever morality was contain-
ed in the Jewish ritual law, &c.
is still retained
Characters described, the Jews

ii 374
i 171

the infidel


the miser


the temporiser


a man in public life, his danger ii
Charity must be followed
ii 312
Chastisements designated to excite mourning
and repentance
i 385
Christ the Word, a proof of his Godhead i 51
Christ would still weep over sinners
Christ a counsellor


he is our reconciliation by the advo-
cacy of his blood
he is the mighty God and affords pro-
tection to his people
he affords protection against the fears
of death, being the everlasting Fa-


various opinions of Christ
inquiries of this kind may be put
through pride, through curiosity,
revenge, and benevolence

Christ the brightness of ce Dieu, dont il est la
marque engravee et le caractere 173
Christ accused of sedition, not by the Romans,
not by the populace, but by divines

and ecclesiastics
Christ the author and finisher of faith
Christ's supremacy asserted and vindicated


against the objection of its being
i 246. 274
Christ a supreme lawgiver
he is supremely adorable and adored



reply to those who say he acquired the
right to be adored

his whole design is to make us resemble

he is the same yesterday, to-day, and
for ever, how much soever he may
vary the situation of his church
he subsisted with the Father from all
he is called the consolation of Israel

ii 141

he is present with his disciples
Christ's threefold relation to God
to the apostles

to the believers


he is of the same nature with the Fa-

his not knowing the whole truth and
the time of the day of judgment as
mediator, accounted for on the
growth of his knowledge
his kingdom and exaltation



he prayed for the apostles and their



union of believers with Christ
the duty of confessing Christ before



Christ's death and atonement for sin


six reasons assigned for the slight im-
pression which the exaltation of
Christ produces
denied and acknowledged by his friends
Christian religion, the majesty of it, and the
consequent respect we should che-
rish for the scripture characters


i 62
the amiableness of it in regard to par-
don and grace
its pacific character in a political



its tendency to disturb the vices of


its superiority to Judaism
Christianity contrasted with Mahometanism

genius of

ii 355

The Christian has a grandeur of
character superior to all other
i 148
he is obliged to contend with the
world in order to preserve peace
of conscience
he is indulgent to a tender con-





his life is dependant on Christ 247
he lives to Christ


and dies to Christ



he finds difficulties in attaining
crucifixion with Christ ii 221
supported in his course by
six sources of consolation
he has a cloud of witnesses for
the difference between a Chris-
tian who enjoys heartfelt reli-



gion and one who does not en-
joy it
the primitive Christians were mo-
dels of charity
i 420
contentious Christians are only
novices in religion
ii 88
forbearance recommended in opi-


Christians should be distinguished by love 151
Chrysostom, his zeal in sending out missiona-
they are not of the world 164
i 420
his exposition of the blasphemy
Church, the, often established by the means
against the Holy Ghost ii 328
which tyrants employ to destroy it

i 76

the church has often varied her situa-
tion in regard of worldly glory, of
poverty and of persecution
the church is a family
ii 316
her children should love one another

Cicero, the powers of his eloquence in soften-
with a superior attachment 313
ing the heart of Caesar and saving

i 200
ii 95

his gloomy notion of life
Clovis I. conversion of that king
Cleophas, who he was
his immoral life

ii 419

Commandments, charges to keep them ii 150
the importance of the com-
mand to love one another

Conduct of God to men, and of men to God


Conscience, Edipus, a Theban king
Conflict and triumph of Christian believers 418
i 199
in hell
ii 8
he is a fool who denies its power
it founds its decisions on three
i 323
it is to the soul what the senses
Consolation, six sources of it in Christ's vale-
are to the body
Conversation must be with grace, seasoned
dictory address
ii 152

with salt
i 410
it must be adorned with chastity
exempt from slander in seven re-
from unfounded complaisance ib.
and from idle words
five vices of conversation
three maxims of conversation


i 48
it consists in illumination and
ii 242
natural difficulties of conversion
in old age
the habits of old age obstinately
oppose conversion
it is greatly obstructed by the re-
currence of former ideas
the habit of loving God, an essen-
tial fruit of conversion, is diffi-
cult to acquire in old age 243
old habits must be counteracted,
and new ones formed



Conversion, exhortations to it

Conversion, a powerful exhortation to conver-



arguments from the holy scrip-
tures against the delay of con-
conversion by irresistible grace in
our last moments, as stated by
the Supralapsarians, refuted in
five arguments
the instantaneous conversions of
scripture characters, guarded
against abuse
261, &c.
those conversions had five marks
of reality which leave negli-
gent christians without excuse

bend the knee, Psal. xcv. 6.
2 Chron. vi. 13. Gen. xxiv. 11.
2. To solicit or to confer good,
Gen. xxiv. 35.-3. To imprecate
evil, Job i. 5, 11.—ii. 5.
on Matt. xxiii. 23.
i 358
ii 70

on Gen. vi. 3.

on Hosea xiii. 9.

252 Cross, five bucklers against the offence of the
cross the miserable condition of a
lost world
ii 148

the downfall of Satan

the sovereign command of God to save
the storm ready to burst on the perse-


the grand display of Christ's love to his
glorying in the cross of Christ 218
the cross of Christ relatively consider-
ed, assorts with all the difficulties
and trials of this life
we must either be crucified by the cross,
or immolated to the divine justice



Corinthians puffed up above the divine laws,
as appears from their neglect
to expel the incestuous man
i 305

divisions, or a party spirit in the
church of Corinth
ii 92
Council of Trent maintained the merit of
i 300
Counsel and wisdom of God
i 72

A courtier, his life may be innocent

i 398


a wise man will consider a court as
dangerous to his salvation ib.
he will enter on his high duties with
a fixed resolution to surmount
the arduous duties of good men at
the dangers should not induce men to
desist from duty
reasons for retiring from a court 402
Covenant of grace, the, is guarded by condi-
ii 256. 305
the Christian and the Jewish co-
venant differ in circumstances
only, being the same in substance
this covenant had five character-
istics the sanctity of the place

the universality of the contract ib.
its mutual engagements
its extent of obligation
its oath



the ancient mode of contracting a


method of covenanting with God in
the holy sacrament
Covetousness, persons habitually guilty of this

sin, and yet professing to be
Christ's disciples, strikingly
resemble Judas (see Avarice)
ii 112
Croesus, his celebrated question, What is God?
which embarrassed Thales, as rela-
ted by Tertullian
i 211
Criticism on Psal. xl. 12. "mine iniquities,"
&c. as applied to Christ i 283
on Hebrews x. 5. " a body hast thou
prepared me,"
on Luke xi. 41. "Ye give alms," &c.
ii 130
ii 334
i 192

on 1 Sam. xxi.

on 1 Thess. iv. 13, 18.

on the word barac

It has three significations:-1. To

the atrocious guilt of those who nailed
the Lord to the cross
the cross considered, relatively to the
proofs of his love

to the truth of his doctrine
to the similarity of sentiment, and the
glory that shall follow



Darkness at our Saviour's death
ii 166
David, his preference of God's affliction ra-
ther than of man's
ii 42
i 115

God's long suffering to him
his gratitude to Barzillai
his affected epilepsy before Achish was
an innocent stratagem to save his
life, and imitated by many illustri-
ous heathens
ii 129
John Ortlob supposes it a case of real

he was too indulgent to his children 25
his piety
Day of the Lord

ii 283
ii 94

ii 211
i 186

ii 41

Days, the numbering of them
Death, the reflections of a dying man
terrors at the aspect of death
death considered as a shipwreck
the death of wicked men
the terrors of dying
the death of good men

death is a preacher of incomparable



Jacob and Simeon both wished to die
through excess of joy
the words of dying men are usually
very impressive
ii 156
the death of Christ is to the Jews an
atrocious crime

the death of Christ an expiation of
sin, and a model of confidence 167
death vanquished by Christ 171
he has removed the terrors of dying by
unveiling futurity


by giving us remission of sins 234
the complete assurance of immortality
and life, removes the terrors of death

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