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chapels, opening each on alternate days. Sometimes, even with the tion in England. Also to the following, who are going out for the first attraction of a foreigner to stare at and listen to, we do not get a single i time :-Rev. J, C. Price and Mr. H. Cole, to Mpwapwa ; Rev. A. Mansoul to come in. But this seldom happens. It is comparatively easy to waring, to Nasik, Western India ; Rev. G. H. Parsons, to Krishnagur ; get a few dozen people to sit and listen to a discourse, but almost im- Rev. J.J. Johnson, to Benares; Rev. A. R. Macduff (late Vicar of St. possible to stimulate them to ask questions concerning what has been John the Baptist, Leeds), to the North-West frontier of India ; Rev. C. said. They listen and assent to everything with a provoking coldness. A. Neve, to the Cottayam College, Travancore; Rev. R. Shann (late But of the many hundreds who have listened to the Gospel in our public Curate of Holy Trinity, Tunbridge Wells), to Ningpo; and Rev. J. B. chapels during the past year, we can only point to one man-a bannerman Ost, to Shaouhing: -who has come forward as an inquirer. He has two satisfactory points In addition to the foregoing, the following will also (D.V.) return to about him. viz., diligent attention to the books of instruction put in his the field this autumn :- The Rev. A. and Mrs. Mann, to the Female hands, and anxiety about the conversion of his wife and children. There Institution, Lagos; Rev. R. A. Squires, to Sharanpur, Western India ; is another regular attendant at our chapels, about whom I am very Rev. H. Stern to North India ; and Rev. R. Clark and Mrs. Elmslie, to anxious, and have some hope. He is a Buddhist priest, who became the Punjab. The Rev. Dr. E. F. Hoernle is also to proceed to Persia as acquainted with Christianity three years ago through reading the New a medical missionary; and the Rev. C. S. Harington, M.A., formerly of Testament. He got this copy of the New Testament from a Christian in Oriel College, Oxford, who has just offered himself to the Society, to the connexion with the American Mission, who once was a Buddhist priest Old Church, Calcutta. also. His story evidently shows that he has been all his life seeking a Seven of the Islington men ordained on Trinity Sunday are not mensatisfactory religion. He is now very much dissatisfied with Buddhism. tioned above. The Committee have been compelled, in view of the But what his views of Christ and His work are is not so clear. He is Society's financial position, reluctantly and regretfully to keep back very anxious to throw up the office of priest, and I am afraid he will meet these seven for the present:- The Ravs. T. C. Wilson and J. Verso, with a good deal of malice and perhaps persecution from his fellow- appointed to East Africa ; Rev. C. Mountfort, to Western India ; Rev. J. Buddhists. The punishment said to be laid down for the priest who Redman, to Sindh; Rev. J. Ilsley, to North India; Rev. W. Bannister, becomes a "renegade” is burning to death-an “orthodox” way of dis- to China; Rev. W. G. Peel, to Japan. posing of heretics. Fortunately the civil law does not allow this part of The Rev. G. S. Winter sailed for York Factory, Hudson's Bay, by the Buddhist penal code to be put in force. I feel our duty towards him the Company's annual ship, on July 1st. for the present is merely to set forth Christ crucified, his Redeemer and In consequence of the article in the last number, entitled “Refused God.

for lack of Funds," a lady has offered to provide the £60 a year required During the past year I made five journeys into the country, three of to occupy the village of Abûd, in Palestine. them being on famine relief business. My first journey was a preaching Messrs. Stokes and Copplestone reached Kagei on the Victoria Nyanzi, tour of three weeks in the Yung-ch'ing district in company with a on Feb. 14th, all well. They had heard nothing of Mr. Wilson or Mr. catechist. We generally preached from the steps of shrines and temples, Mackay; nor have we any news of these brethren, or of the Nile party. and sometimes in private houses. Without exception I found the people On Easter Sunday, the first adult baptisms of the freed slaves at Frere friendly and willing to listen. But, as we find in Peking, I found it Town took place. Previous baptisms have been either of the “ Bombay next to impossible to get them to talk or ask questions about Christianity. Africans" or the Wanika and Giriama people in the neighbourhood. Most probably, if they had done so, I should have been often nonplussed. These belonged to the cargo of slaves landed from H.M.S. Thetis, in 1875. Yet I had much rather be puzzled by questioners than listened to with Although they have proved mostly quiet and tractable, it has been formal and polite assent. The general impression I got of the people was extremely difficult to instil Christian truth into their minds; but the that their minds are an utter blank in matters of spiritual religion. As thirty-two adults (with nine children) now baptized give evidence of I live among them I am more and more confirmed in this opinion. true and simple faith in Christ. Mr. Streeter writes a deeply interesting There are indeed shrines and temples in every village, but the "gods letter respecting them, which we hope to print next month. many and lords many” worshipped in them seem to be looked to for The Chinese mandarins have brought an action of ejectment in tle temporal good only. Again and again we were asked, Would the Lord British Consular Court at Fuh-chow against the Rev. J. R. Wolfe, with Jesus give them rain, good crops, and such things, if they believed in a view to turn the C M.S. Mission out of the convenient ground on the Him and worshipped Him? And when I could not answer that such Wu-shih-shan, or Black Stone Hill, which it has occupied for nearly blessings would, without doubt, be bestowed upon them in return for thirty years (see the picture in the GLEANER of April, 1876). The trial their worship, they ceased to question further or take any interest. I came on before Chief Justice French on April 30th, and lasted nine days. found the farming classes more accessible than the traders or Government Judgment was reserved, and we do not yet know the result. The case has servants. I remarked on this to the catechist, and he told me a story excited much interest in China, and is regarded as of the greatest importabout a shopkeeper who declared that Christianity was "all correct," but ance, not only to missionary enterprise, but to British rights generally. that it would be very inconvenient for mercantile people to believe in During his recent visit to the Yoruba Mission, the Bishop of Sierra Jesus, seeing that the religion of Jesus calls upon men to give up lying Leone held eight confirmations, at Leke, Otta, Shunren, Abeokuta, and fraud.

Oshielle, and in and around Lagos, laying his hands on 563 African canDuring these journeys in the country I have found the people very didates. On March 2nd, at Lagos, he admitted to priest's orders the friendly, and far more polite to the foreigner than the Pekingese. But Rev. C. II. V. Gollmer, and three Native clergymen, the Revs. Charles it takes a long, long time to get their thoughts fixed upon any subject | Phillips, Nathaniel Johnson, and Daniel Coker. outside the very limited range of their daily lives. If there is no open The famine in Kashmir has again been very severe, and our misopposition to tħe Gospel, there is the secret hostility of hearts hardened sionaries, Mr. Wade and Dr. and Mrs. Downes, bave witnessed most by sin and besotted by gross ignorance. And if it were not that we have distressing

scenes. They have been working nobly to alleviate the sufferthe sure promises of the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ, and of the ings of the people, and have under their care several handred orphans. converting grace of the Holy Spirit, we might well give up in despair. The Rev. James Stone, who was the first student of St. John's Hall,

Highbury, to offer for C.M.S. work, and joined the Telugu Mission in

1876, has lately settled, with his wife (a daughter of Archdeacon Hone), EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS.

at Raghapuram, the remotest and loneliest station, and the scene of the

Rev. T. Y. Darling's labours. There are 750 Native Christians in the The Special Fund to meet the deficiency of £24,000 in the Society's district, and a very large heathen population. funds for the last two years has now reached £12,000.

The Rev. A. Schapira is now actively carrying on the new C.M.S. MisThe vacant bishopric of Jerusalem was offered to and declined by the sion at Gaza. There is a large population almost wholly Mohammedan. Rev. Canon Tristram, who, amongst his many avocations - clerical, Two schools, hitherto maintained by Mr. W. D. Pritchett, have been literary, and scientific-is the active Association Secretary of the C.M.S. adopted as a nucleus for the Society's work. for Durham and Northumberland. Dr. Joseph Barclay, who has now The C.M.S. Committee have been considering the possibility of estabeen appointed, was for ten years minister of the English Church at blishing a sanatorium for missionaries labouring on the West Coast of Jerusalem, and Examining Chaplain to Bishop Gobat, and was also for Africa, on the Cameroon Mountains, which rise to a height of 13,000 feet four years at Constantinople. He is a Hebrew, Arabic, and German just in the angle of the Gulf of Guinea, opposite Fernando Po. In scholar, and has translated parts of the Talmud, with a commentary. February last, JIr. Ashcroft and Mr. Kirk, the Society's industrial agents,

A Valedictory Dismissal of Missionaries took place at the Islington went thither in the Henry Tenn, and ascended the mountain to the College on July 1st. The Instructions of the Committee were delivered highest peak. They found a most suitable site, but the expense of the to the following, who are returning to the mission field after a period of project will probably prevent its being carried out at present. rest at home - The Rev. J. B. Wood, to Lagos; Revs. Dr. Baumann A fund, amounting to Rs. 7,800 (about £650), has been raised as a and A. Clifford, to Calcutta, and Rev. H. Newton, to Ceylon ; also, Mr. memorial to General Lake, the interest of which is to be applied to proIsaac Oluwole, of Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone, an .A. of vide two annual prizes for Biblical and useful secular knowledge, to be Durham University, who goes to Lagos as Principal of the Grammar competed for by natives of the Punjab. The C.M.S. Committee will School ; and the Rev. Nasar Odeh, returning to Palestine after educa- administer the fund.

a

THE CHURCH

MISSIONARY GLEANER.

SEPTEMBER, 1879.

MARCHING ORDERS.

flowing. If we gave even the same time to supplying our minds BY THE LATE FRANCES RIDLEY HAVERGAL.

with the telling, yes, and thrilling facts happening day by day in

His kingdom, that we give to the other things” reported in VIII.

papers and periodicals, we should quite naturally talk of all His “ Talk ye of all His wondrous works.”—Ps. cv. 2.

wondrous works. We should want to tell people what we had WONDER how many of us have observed this read and heard, not stale news picked up accidentally months among our marching orders ? and how many of us ago, but something interesting from its very freshness in our have been obeying it? Think of the last month, own minds. When we have just read of a remarkable political for instance, with its thirty-one days; on how many event or military victory, don't we forthwith talk about it? and

of those days did we talk of all His wondrous works? if the next person we meet has not heard of it, do we hesitate and if we did so at all, how much less did we talk about them to tell them all we know about it on the spot? It does not look than about other things ?

as if we cared very much about our glorious Captain when we Just consider what a power in the world talking is ! Words are not sufficiently interested in His latest victories in the dropped, caught up, repeated; then ventilated, combined, Mission field even to talk about them, especially to those who developed, set brains and pens to work; these again set the know nothing at all about them. tongues to work; the talking spreads, becomes general ; public Now, what can we find, even in this month's GLEANER, which opinion is formed and inflamed, and the results are engraven in we can tell and talk about to those who have not read it? the world's history. This is what talking can do when exercised Begin at once. about the affairs of “the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them.” And we, who have been translated into the kingdom of God's dear Son, we have tongues too, and what have we been

THE NEW MISSIONARY BISHOPS. talking about ? how have we used this same far-speaking power ?

RIDAY, July 25th, is a day to be remembered in Only suppose that for every time each English Christian had

Church Missionary annals. For some time past talked about the day's news of the kingdoms of this world, he

the Society has been desirous to obtain the consehad spent the same breath in telling the last news of the

cration of Missionary Bishops for three or four of kingdom of Jesus Christ to his friends and casual acquaintances!

those countries or districts where its Missions are Why, how it would have outrun all the reports and magazines, in an advanced state ; and on that day, in St. Paul's Cathedral, and saved the expense of deputations, and set people wondering two C.M.S. missionaries were solemnly admitted to the Episcopal and inquiring, and stopped the prate of ignorant reviewers who office for two of these fields of labour, viz., the Rev. William “never heard of any converts in India,” and gagged the mouths Ridley, formerly of the Punjab Mission, for the new Diocese of the adversaries with hard facts, and removed missionary results of Caledonia, which will include Metlakatla and other stations in and successes from the list of "things not generally known”! the North Pacific; and the Rev. J. M. Speechly, for Travancore

God intends and commands us to do this. We often quote and Cochin, where he has worked for nearly twenty years. “All Thy works shall praise Thee, O Lord, and Thy saints shall Caledonia is a Colonial Diocese, carved out of the existing bless Thee.” That sounds tolerably easy, but what comes next? Diocese of British Columbia, and will have an ecclesiastical " They shall speak of the glory of Thy kingdom, and talk of Thy position similar to Moosonee and Athabasca, or to the New power.” Is this among the things that we ought to have done

Zealand secs.

Travancore is not in the Queen's dominions, and and have left undone ? Are we not verily guilty as to this its Bishop has to be consecrated under the Act passed forty command ? “Lord, have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts years ago, at the time when the Bishopric of Jerusalem was to keep this law!"

founded, which enables the Crown to authorise the Archbishop Perhaps we say we have kept it; we have had sweet converse of Canterbury to consecrate Bishops of the Church of England with dear Christian friends about the Lord's kingdom and for service in foreign parts. Bishop Russell in China, and doings, and surely that is enough! No, read further; there is Bishop Crowther in Africa, come under the same Act. not even a full stop after “talk of Thy power." It goes on to Two other Bishops were consecrated at the same time, one of say why and to whom : “ To make known to the sons of men whom, Dr. Barclay, the successor of Bishop Gobat at Jerusalem, His mighty acts, and the glorious majesty of His kingdom.” will be closely associated with the C.M.S. Palestine Mission, and Not just talking it over among our likeminded friends, exchanging has expressed his hearty desire to promote the Society's work in a little information maybe, but talking with purpose, talking so every way; while the other, Dr. Walsham How, “ Suffragan as to make known what great things our God is doing, not gently Bishop of Bedford,” may almost be called a missionary bishop alluding to them, but making the sons of men know things that they in view of his work in East London. did not know were being done. Some very intelligent and well- The consecration was performed by the Archbishop of Cantereducated "sons of men” do not seem to know that there is such bury, assisted by the Bishops of London, Rochester, St. Albans, a thing as “ His kingdom” at all; and whose fault is that? Lichfield, Gibraltar, British Columbia, and Bishop Alford. The They do not and will not read about it, but they could not help Dean of Ripon (Dr. W. R. Fremantle) preached from Acts i. 7; the “ true report” of it reaching their ears if every one of us in which verse our Lord commands His apostles to be witnesses simply obeyed orders and talked, right and left, "of the glory of unto Him “both in Jerusalem and unto the uttermost parts of the Thy kingdom," instead of using our tongues to tell what we have earth." They did, we know, go forth and preach everywhere; just seen in the Times.

and the verse that tells us so adds, "The Lord working with But the bottom of not talking is generally the not having them, and confirming the word with signs following." May all much to talk about. When our Lord said “Out of the abun- the four new Bishops find a like happy experience! dance of the heart the mouth speaketh,” He knew what was in A notice of the Diocese of Caledonia appears on the following man better than we know ourselves. We don't give ourselves pages. Next month we hope to give some account of Trathe trouble t) fill our hearts so that they cannot help over- vancore.

AN APPEAL FROM BISHOP RIDLEY.

My first thought and most tenacious endeavour will be to

snatch a victory from Satan, and upraise and keep aloft the [We are glad to be able to give, with the portrait of Bishop Ridley banner of Christ and Him crucified before the eyes of the perishand the map of the country in which his new Diocese is situated, the ing Indian population. With them the present must be down following statement from his own pen.]

with Gospel seed, or despair will soon ring its knell over them. HE Diocese of Caledonia stretches from Cape St. Provision must be made for the English colonists and the other

James and Dean Channel 52 deg. north latitude to thousands that I shall welcome before many years are passed, the 60th parallel ; from the Rocky Mountains to the but for the Indians this is the only day of salvation. We must North Pacific Ocean, and also includes the numerous go at once to the rescue of the thousands that by their woes

adjacent islands. The best known place in it is unwittingly cling to Christ's Church for pity, or the rising tide Metlakatla. [See GLEANER of July.] Our lay missionary, Mr. of immigration will sweep them out of sight speedily. Will the Duncan, laid the foundation of that Indian settlement in simple Church only send me forth as a Bishop with best wishes and faith, and it has become the most prosperous of its kind. To prayers ? I want a little ship by which to reach the present the 60,000 aborigines of the province the Metlakatla community Mission stations regularly, and also to visit every tribe, whether of Christians is as a star of hope. Before it arose we feared found among the islands, or along the shores, the fiords, or the that as a race they were doomed to extinction. The 20 millions rivers of the mainland. What has been done at Metlakatla can of Indians our forefathers found in North America have dwindled l be done anywhere among similar people, and many thousands down to two millions. The 200,000

are now in a state of apparent prenatives found by Captain Cook in

paredness for the reception of the 1776 at Tahiti have been reduced

Gospel. to 8,000; the Sandwich Islanders

I have written chiefly of the from 400,000 to 80,000; the Mao

Indians of the coast. At some ries in forty years from 1836 bave

future time I hope to know more of decreased from 180,000 to 40,000;

the inland tribes, and shall then the Tasmanians are gone. Brain

gladly supply the readers of the erd's translations are unintelligible ;

GLEANER with the best information not one of his Delaware Indians

I can obtain. I have now to repeat survives. The subjects of Monte

my wish for special help. As zuma have vanished like a dream ;

already stated in a former appeal, gloomy is the prospect of the Mo

it is obvious that a small but ravian Missions in Greenland and

strong steam ship, as Admiral PreLabrador. Humboldt met with only

vost urges, is an absolute necesono creature that could then speak

sity. The alternative will best any words of a once mighty Indian

argue the need. Without such a nation's language, and that survivor

diocesan ship the voyages across was a parrot that had outlived its

hundreds of miles of dangerous sea teachers. Civilisation threatens to

must be made in native canoes. blot out these inferior races, but on

The crew for paddling these nnit their disappearance leaves a blot

decked and often rotten craft must and a crime. Its pioneers-drink,

be much more numerous than a violence, and debauchery-destroy

small steamer's; the time spent on their few virtues, leaving them more

the waves five times longer, the wicked than before, and only less

risk immeasureably greater. It will dangerous because less vigorous.

therefore ensure greater despatch, I thank God that most of the

avoid needless discomfort, and will Indians of my Diocese, especially

be also less costly and much safer the Hydahs, have been so savage

to have a sea-going vessel than to as to make the trader's risk greater

THE RIGHT REV. W. RIDLEY, D.D.,

depend on the only alternative—a than his hope of gain.

First Bishop of Caledonia.

hollowed-out tree-for battling with This section of the people now

the storms at Christ's command. draws upon our sympathy. A great opportunity is ours. The Formerly His disciples gladly placed their little ships at His material prosperity of Metlakatla has aroused in them a spirit of service. Will some of the readers of the GLEANER kindly give emulation, and shed upon them a gleam of hope. The Christian's or collect sufficient money to provide only a plank for the little heart cries, “ Is there a future for them among the nations ?" ship to be launched on the North Pacific as a life-boat to rescue and from Metlakatla comes the answer, “ Yes, only do as you souls from death ? Donations may be sent direct to me up to have lovingly done here." The trial is being made at four other September the 10th at Lauriston Villa, Brixham, Devon, or for mission stations in my Diocese, and success is already visible. me to the Church Mission House, Salisbury Square, E.C.; or to The greater the breadth of sea between the islanders and the the Rev. Canon Gibbon, High Harrogate. mainland the better for their future. Their ignorance of the I hope to sail from Liverpool September 13th, before which benefits of civilisation is a greater good than a knowledge of date I trust the £750 already subscribed will be made up to at them, until they are fortified morally and spiritually by the Gospel least £1,000. Besides this, I also ask for earnest prayer. On against its evils. The enterprise of commerce, which we shall be every helper I pray God to send down His favour and blessing. glad of then, is beforehand with us now in bridging over the

August 1st, 1879.

W. CALEDONIA. broadest channels, so that the plague is begun. We must enable the missionary at once to emulate the merchant.

[The Bishop's need of a steamer is forcibly illustrated by the touching noblest Indians must be enriched with the pearl of great price, very route he will often tako, between Metlakatla and Queen Charlotte

story on the opposite page, showing the dangers of a canoe voyage on the or they will sell themselves to perdition while we tarry.

Islands.]

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THE NEW DIOCESE OF CALEDONIA.

THE PRAYER OF THE DROWNING INDIANS. OUR Map is taken from the new edition of the Church Missionary 0 Bay Company, was crossing the sea from Queen Charlotte's

N the 8th of June, 1877, Mr. Williams, an officer of the Hudson's Atlas. It represents British Columbia, which is the westernmost

province of British North America. The boundaries of the province are the 60th parallel of latitude on the north, the United States

Island to the western shore of British North America in a canoe. border (see the dotted line) on the south, the Rocky Mountains on the His crew were Tsimshean Christians from Metlakatla. A gale sprung east, and the Pacific

up; the boat was Ocean on the west.

BRITISH COLUMBIA Its capital is Victoria,

capsized ; and all at the south end of

were drowned except 135 130 125 120°

115° Vancouver's Island.

one Indian. Our Pelly Bonks The territory of Alas

missionary, the Rev. ka, a corner of which

Ft Simpson

W. H. Co.lison, is seen in the northwest, formerly be

Only one young longed to Russia, but

man survives to tell is now part of the United States. The

the story. He was

in the water four “North-West Terri

days and

nights tory,” which is north- 60

604

lashed to a piece of east of British Co. lumbia, means the

the canoe, and was north-west of Canada.

at length drifted on

the American coast, It is the field of the

where some Indians Society's “North

found him and West America Mis

ket

brought him to Fort sion,” and the part

Dease seen in this map is

Simpson.
Ho.

Tremble

The survivor and in Bishop Bompas's

five of his companions Diocese of Athabasca. The new Diocese

were present at a

Jittle meeting which of Caledonia, to

I had the cvening which Bishop Ridley is appointed, comR

before they started, I

Fort

when I addressed prises the northern

Ft S!John

them very earnestly, half of British Columbia.

and we sang and A line

TE Connelly drawn from the “M

Dunvegan

prayed together. On

The following day in “Rocky Moun.

Lake
55
Tada

Etbey were wrecked.

11LodL. tains" to the south

The survivor states end of Queen Charlotte Islands about

that poor Mr. Wil

liams clang to the limits. marks its

wreck for some time, Within this territory

Francoise.
James

but

the waves the C.M.S. has its "North Pacific Mis

washed over him, and

he felt his strength sion,” with stations

cottoning

failing, he cast away at Metlakatla, Kin

dritte

his hat, and called colith on the Nass River, and Massett

upon all to pray with Alarandride

him, which they in Queen Charlotte

did aloud. Having Islands. These places

prayed they sung towill all be seen in the

gether, and in a few map. One other sta

minutes more he had tion is at Fort Rupert, at the north

to relinquish his hold

of the wreck and end of Vancouver's

sunk. Not long Island. 500

50° afterwards Sha Shaht, The small map in

Lytton

who was the owner the corner shows the

Okanagan
Lake

of the canoe, and a neighbourhood of

falo Prinolon Metlakatla on a larger

chief, went down. ESTAÍIS STEYY Hope (

Some others might scale. It will be seen 8 Stations of the Curch Missionary Society

bave succeeded in that many places are

reaching the shore, Damed from those Seale of Eng Stat: Sil.

which must have connected with

Solanakane

been thirty-five miles interested in the Ryan PL

distant from the Mission: thus, Dun

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place where the acci. can Bay, Tugwell BAY

dent occurred, but Island, Doolan Point,

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one of the party beCridge Islands, AlOluaran

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with his knife sucPoint, Venn Creek, Dezeption likes Dundas P25

ceeded in cutting the Straith Point, Dawes Raiglu.

rope with which they Point, Knight Island. DIO BYT

had managed to lash The Fort Rupert o Spraiser Portland

the wreck together. Mission de

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HINTS ON JUVENILE AND SUNDAY SCHOOL is, Not the machinery, but the man. Find the worker, and the

work will be done somehow. Humble, prayerful diligence will CHURCH MISSIONARY ASSOCIATIONS.

effect more than the most carefully planned rules. Still, taking I.

human nature as we find it, a good organisation is a real help; [The following is the substance only of a paper just issued by the and if conceived and planned, begun, continued, and ended in Committee of the Church Missionary Society. Copies of the paper in a the Lord, it will be a true blessing both to those who work it complete form can be had on application.]

and to those for whose benefit it is worked. N many of our English parishes, where claims are Every Local Auxiliary, therefore, supporting the Society,

many and means are small, it is the children that whether it be a Parochial Association or a larger one covering raise the bulk of the money subscribed for the a town or district, should have a Juvenile Association attached spread of the Gospel. Many a devoted worker to it. Let each Juvenile Association, whether parochial or :

and generous giver of mature years can look otherwise, have its own officers and its own meetings. In most back to the days when he was a child, and spake as a child, cases a lady is the best secretary. One who has held office for and thought as a child, and trace, under God, the source of his many years in a large Association writes : "Choose as secretary interest in the Society and its holy enterprise, which has been a lady of energy and firmness of purpose, with a great love for growing with his growth, and strengthening with its strength, to children and for missionary work, and who possesses the power the Juvenile Meeting, the Juvenile Instructor, and the Juvenile of organisation and management. She should seek to gain a Missionary Box; and if he has since put away these childish personal influence over each member; she should always be on things, it has only been to take up other methods of helping the the look-out for new members, and never let old ones drop off.” great cause. " It is nearly forty years," said Bishop Thorold The value of a properly organised Association connected with at the last Anniversary Meeting, “ since, as a boy, I sent in my the Society consists (1) in its tendency to foster the sense of first humble contribution to the Society." And many of the actual membership in those who are regular subscribers, (2) in Society's oldest friends could testify to a like experience. its continuous corporate life independent of the coming and

Is it not, therefore, natural and right that, at a time when going of individual workers. A regular member of any instituwilling labourers cannot be sent forth, and when open doors tion has a far more lively personal interest in it than a mere all over the world cannot be entered, for lack of adequate occasional contributor; and a body of members can, if President, funds, the Committee should ask the question, Cannot the Treasurer, or Secretary be removed, appoint a new one and go children, who are in so many places our best friends, come on as before. forward with loving hearts and zealous hands to the help of the A question will arise in many places-What is the relation of Society ? Strenuous exertions are necessary if it is even to the Sunday-school to the Juvenile Association? The growing maintain its existing Missions; much more, if it is to follow the sense of the value of Sunday-schools, the large amounts raised leadings of God's Providence, and respond to the loud calls for by many of them, and the still larger amounts they might easily extension. Many friends are ready and desirous to make these raise if well worked, render the question an important one. exertions; but they scarcely know in what direction to move. On this point, however, no rigid rule can be laid down which Perhaps the easiest and most fruitful work that can be under- shall be applicable to all parishes. In one parish there may be taken is that of organising Juvenile and Sunday School Asso

no middle or upper class population, and here the Juvenile ciations; and large as is the aggregate sum now raised by these Association will naturally be altogether worked in and from the agencies, that sum might unquestionably, with very little effort Sunday-school, or at least have the Sunday-school as its centre. i indeed, be materially increased. Some hints upon the subject In another parish the population may be wholly middle and may therefore not be unwelcome.

upper class, and there may be no Sunday-school at all, or only Considerable diversity exists in the proportion of contributions a quasi Sunday-school for the children of the congregation. raised by the young in different parishes. In not a few, even, Still, in most cases, there are both classes of young people ; and this fruitful field is entirely unworked : there are no juvenile con- the usual plan then is to have a general Juvenile Association, tributions at all. For example, taking the Annual Report for through which the Sunday-school contributions are paid, without 1877-8, two churches in one neighbourhood may be noticed, any distinct organisation within the Sunday school itself

. While which raised in that year £196 and £152 respectively; and, as individual children of the congregation are enrolled as " memfar as appears, no part of this came from the gifts or the efforts bers," the Sunday-school is simply regarded as an irregular of children. On the other hand, here is one parish, where out adjunct of the Association, without any attempt being made to of nearly £33 all except 10s. was from the Sunday-school; and enrol the Sunday-scholars as individuals. Nor can this be easily here is another where out of £193 just £100 was raised by the done by a secretary unconnected with the Sunday-school. It is Juvenile Association.

well, therefore, to have an organised Association within the There is also much diversity in the organisation employed to Sunday-school, with its own officers and enrolled members ; collect money from young people, or by their means.

which will, as a rule, be a branch of the Juvenile Association. places the Juvenile Association has its Treasurer, its Secretary, In the case of Sunday-schools supporting an extra-parochial its regular meetings, its separate funds. In others, though the Juvenile Association for a town or district, it is still more imchildren's Missionary-boxes are put under the heading “ Juvenile portant for each school to have its own missionary organisation Association,” the Association does not seem to be regularly in order to keep up local interest. organised. In others again, although a very few Missionary. In some cases, however, where the “Sunday-school " includes boxes appear to be held by children, and perhaps a small contri- large Bible classes of young men and women, it is a question bution is acknowledged from the Sunday-school, there is nothing whether the Sunday-school fund should go through the Juvenile of the nature of a Juvenile Association at all. Thus in one Association at all, and whether the two agencies should not form parish, which raised £184, the only indication of juvenile work independent branches of the general Parochial (or District) is that £6 14s. was raised by “Missionary-boxes,” some of Association. In one quasi Sunday-school in London, comprising which are apparently held by little girls; and similar cases are some eighty boys of the middle and upper classes, the members numerous.

would be much offended if their contributions (about £12 a year) It is quite true that the form of organisation is of secondary were credited to the " Juvenile Association." importance. The true principle in Christian effort of every kind

(To be continued.)

In some

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