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Protestant societies. And when, in 1877, the Committee had
to consider some important Resolutions agreed to by the Indian OT only a great statesman, but a warm and true Bishops, it was interesting to see two ex-Viceroys of India, Lord
friend of Christian Missions, has been taken from Lawrence and Lord Northbrook, sitting side by side.
not the part of the GLEANER to speak; but our work. When, on the first Day of Intercession in 1872, a very readers will like to have his portrait (for which we have to thank incredulous article on Foreign Missions appeared in the Times, the Religious Tract Society), and also a few lines respecting Lord Lawrence replied in an able and conclusive letter; and at his interest in missionary
a missionary meeting at work.
which he spoke in 1870, From the first, both he
he uttered, with regard to and his brother, Sir Henry
India, these memorable Lawrence, were hearty
words—“I believe, notsupporters of every good
withstanding all that the work in India. When,
English people have done shortly after the annexa
to benefit that country, that tion of the Punjab, a Pun
the missionaries have done jab Church Missionary
more than all other agencies Association was formed,
combined.” He went onSir Henry became Presi
They have had arduous and dent, and John Lawrence
uphill work, often receiving was a leading member.
no encouragement, and some
times a great deal of disThe same fearless Chris
couragement, from their own tian profession marked
countrymen, and have had to both the brothers while
bear the taunts and obloquy they were engaged in
of those who despised and disthe government of the
liked their preaching; but
such has been the effect of new province; and when,
their earnest zeal, untiring after ten years' strong and
devotion, and of the excellent able administration, Sir
example which they have, I John Lawrence opened
may say, universally shown to the first Punjab railway,
the people, that I have no
doubt whatever that, in spite he publicly ascribed all
of the great masses of the his success to the blessing
people being intensely opof God. The turbulent
posed to their doctrine, they population had become as
are, as a body, remarkably
popular in the country. quiet and loyal as any in
In God's good will the time India; the resources of
may be expected to come the country were rapidly
when large masses of the developing ; peace and
people, feeling the want of a prosperity reigned
religion which is pure and
true and holy, will be condisturbed; and in the
verted to Christianity. ... supreme crisis of the
I have a great reverence Mūtiny, the Punjab had
and regard for them (the saved British rule in India.
missionaries) both personally “For all these great ad
and for the sake of the great
cause in which they are envantages," said he, “I
gaged; and I feel it to be a acknowledge myself in
pleasure and a privilege to do debted to the great Author
anything I can in the last of all good. Without His
years of my life to further the guiding and protecting
great work for which they
have done so much. hand, what would indeed have become of us all ?”
May God raise up men On his return home
like-minded to govern our after his subsequent term
Indian Empire ! of office as Viceroy of India, he became a VicePresident of the Church Missionary Society, and occasionally AN EXMOOR PARISH AND ITS MISSIONARY BOXES. attended the Committee meetings, besides frequently giving valuable counsel upon matters submitted for his opinion. He
T is well and good when two fair and useful powers was Chairman of the Victoria Nyanza Sub-Committee, and signed
work one with another, each helping and strengthenits first Report recommending the General Committee to under
ing each: it makes a harmony by the dusty hightake the Mission. When Bishop Copleston had an interview
way of life, which the angels love to stoop from with the Committee before first going out to Ceylon, Lord
heaven and hear. Lawrence, being present, addressed him, and dwelt on the In a large scattered parish in the west of England, on the very importance of co-operation between the missionaries of different borders of Exmoor, where the red stag makes his frequent haunt,
where a steam whistle has never yet been heard, except now and her husband took her to his home, she mounted at once a then perhaps from a travelling threshing machine, which with its throne as a household queen, from which she governs with a busy whirring disturbs the music of many-voiced brooks and mur- gentle sway even the dainty fairy playing at her feet, who otherwise muring woods, where the so-called roads are in winter one un- is supreme equally over her father and the kitten. Patty's house comfortable patchwork of mud and stones, where the golden gorse is as neat and bright as if it were a doll's house, and as if Patty and the purple heather dress the hills in August in a royal mantle herself spent her time playing at house-keeping; Patty's husband of glory, where men still believe in strange, beautiful, old-world would tell you that his dinner every day is cooked well enough traditions : in such a parish as this, home work and mission work for the master of the West Somerset stag-hounds himself, always walk hand in hand together, each giving the other a firm but the most exalted of men in a west-country farmer's or villager's loving support.
mind ; Patty's child, the saucy fairy before mentioned, is always Let us glance for a moment at one or two of the holders of our the trimmest little maiden in the school; Patty's kindly hand is missionary-boxes, to see how brave home work is the friendly always ready to help an old or a sick neighbour ; Patty's husband's companion of brave mission effort. Across yonder breezy field, apprentice is, through her motherly influence, become the steadiest from which the church and vicarage make so winsome a picture, and prettiest-mannered lad in the parish. Yet with all this, Patty comes stepping a tidily-built, bright-faced young fellow. His is
very true to her duties as a missionary-box holder; she has heard arm is the strongest and most skilful on his father's farm ; when that there are lands where the crown of woman's dignity is cast he mows, the old people say that the sweep of his scythe is like in the dust, where the sanctity of woman's kingdom, the home, the sweep of the scythe of his grandfather, who built up the is profaned. She cannot join the band of brave, tender, highfortunes of the family, working at enclosing his own little spot spirited Englishwomen who are making it their life's noble work of land by moonlight while the rest of the parish were asleep ; to clear away some of the foul mists that fill the seraglio and the and Fred will build up the family fortunes yet higher, and zenana; she will do what she can, even if sometimes it may be will found them too on the Rock of Ages, for his young feet but little she can do, to help those sad, degraded sisters. Let stand already firmly upon it. He is the treasurer of our reading- no one say, after looking into Patty's home—we know full well room committee, which is composed of all good men and true that there are some good people who do say so--that interest in of the rare old west-country type, and keeps his account book as mission work makes a woman cold, and inactive, and unsympaneat as a flower garden. He is one of the heads of our large thetic in family life. Bible-class, where farmers' sons and farmers' servants, artizans But nowhere in the parish do mission work and home work go and their apprentices, all sit down to read the Word of God on so briskly together as beneath the roof where we hold, in together. When Fred is bending over the sacred page, there different rooms, but in one Lord and one faith, our Sunday-school is something in his earnest face that makes us think of the look and our adult Bible-classes. Here the most popular character in which the widow's son must have fixed on the Lord who called the whole place is a little Negro kneeling on the top of a box with him back to work, and live, and love for Him yet a while on this a hat in his hand, a Negro of most exceedingly polite habits, for earth. If there is any good new thing to be set going in the even a farthing donation will draw from him the most courteous parish, his words to his companions always are, “Come along, I'll of bows. The children all regard him in a double light, partly as a give the first helping hand,” and give it he does with a downright protecting genius, partly as a pet and protégé. When a visitor will
. One might think that Fred's hands were full enough, but enters the school, the Negro is pointed out to him with a hum added to all this bravely-done home work he is the holder of a of universal pride; the handsome lad who is the head Sunday. missionary-box, and it is a box that always returns a very cheery school teacher, and whose face is such a merry mixture of thought ring to an inquiring rattle. The brightness of Gospel light in and fun, constitutes himself his especial champion and guardian. which he himself walks, makes his generous heart long to spread It is at once a pretty and a pathetic sight to see a class of little that light through lands that sit in darkness and in the shadow of girls that surround a lady who is the presiding spirit of the room, death ; he feels, too, how all tender Christian courtesies, all gra- a lady with all the mother in her eyes, who moulds the prayer on cious household Christian observances, have worked sweetly upon baby lips, and trains tiny voices to chant about " The green hill his own young life, and he will do his utmost to help towards far away, without the city wall,” making spring music for the their finding their way into far-distant homes, where flows the thoughtful soul. How that little maiden's cheeks flush and her eye grand, deep-gliding Ganges of which he reads so wonderingly, sparkles as she advances and drops, half importantly, half shyly, and where dusky forms, yet forms of brother men for whom the her penny into the wonderful hat; what a heroine she is eviblood on Calvary was shed, bow down to monster shapes beneath dently considered by the rest of the group as she trips back to the feathery palm. He owns with manly joy the glorious freedom her place. What a depth of touching meaning for us all there is in of the law as it is in Christ Jesus, and he would have it bid those the act of that pale, wistful-faced child who takes the small coin arise and walk who lie chained in the bondage of black heathen from the pocket of her shabby frock, and turns it into treasure that superstition. Thus with him home work and mission work march neither rust nor moth can corrupt, as tremblingly, and scarce along side by side like friendly comrades.
believing in her own good fortune that she has at last attained to Let us look now for a moment at another of our missionary- bringing a half-penny for the loved missionary-box, she steals box holders. The face bending over this cottage hearth might forward and deposits it. be the embodiment of some old Italian painter's dream, who had The Negro is also a very welcome guest when he is brought in gone to sleep trying to imagine a picture to be begun on the in state and placed on the Bible-class room table. The wit of the morrow of the Virgin Mother in the home at Nazareth ; and that class—a young fellow whose spirit of adventure once made him face is the true outward and visible sign of the heart and mind run away to sea, but whose heart brought him back in time to within. Ever since she was a baby, Patty has been, by some sweet his sick mother's side-introduced him on his first arrival as a law that seems to rule as a matter of course everybody that foreign gentleman, who was come to give bowing lessons. The comes near her, a darling. The old rector, who first christened, soberer elders (there are many married men at the class whose and then in due time married her, used, when she was a children fill the Sunday-school room) are much troubled in their little toddling thing, to call her, as he caught her up for a kiss, brave, honest hearts at the thought of lands where that precious his beautiful butterfly.” When she grew to girl's estate, Patty yet familiar Book they hold in their broad brown hands is unfound her way into the house of an old lady, who petted, but known ; what a dark, almost incomprehensible, picture for them could not spoil her. When the honest, sturdy blacksmith who is it is—the picture of a country where there is no Bible, no Sabbath rest; and how sadly the eyes of their minds dwell upon it as they AN AGED BABALAWO EXCHANGING IFA FOR take out their own small contributions, which have been spared
CHRIST. from the weekly family earnings, and slip them into the Negro's
[The following is from the Rev. James Johnson, the Native African box. Then they turn to their lady teacher, and ask her, in true
Missionary at Abeokuta. A Babalawo is a priest of Ifa, the most popular west-country dialect, to tell them “ Summat about what them
of the Yoruba gods. A full account of Ifa was given by the late Rev. E. poor souls believe;" whereupon, feeling a trifle uncomfortable
Roper in the GLEANER of June, 1876.] as to her capabilities for the task-for the study of the Bible lesson for the week has certainly not included such subjects
OSIMU, a baptismal candidate of about seventy years of
age, and of the township of Ikeseka, brought me his Ifa she has to deliver a lecture on Mohammedanism or Buddhism.
on September 21st. He practices in medicine, and has A day of great interest is the day when all the missionary
been an important and influential Babalawo or priest. The boxes are opened. What a rattle there is of pence, what a
practice of medicine is invariably an accompaniment to clatter of tongues, what a lively general rivalry ; what a deal of
priestly functions in heathenism, and priests profess to recollecting about last year's collection, what a deal of wondering suitable for a particular disease. As a rule, cures are attributed more to
learn by consulting Ifa, or Ofele his messenger, the remedy that may be about the collection of to-day; what a volley of merry chaff the Ifa than to the doctor's knowledge and skill and the power of his drugs. pair of young lovers have to go through, whose boxes produce Babalawo Dosimu has been suffering for about two and a half years exactly and miraculously the same sum ! The ceremony of
from a very painful ailment; the exercise of his priestly functions and emptying the boxes is naturally, and as a matter of course,
the employment of his own medical practice and those of others his
brothers in the profession failed to give him any relief and secure for followed by a tea, of which Devonshire cream forms the most
him a wilk of sleep for a long time. But Jonah Shekere, a communiremarkable feature.
cant member of the Ake congregation, told him in his despair of recovery It is a bright Sunday among our village Sabbaths, when the that prayer to God through Christ might and would give him the help he soldier-like form of the preacher, who for many years has repre
had failed to find in lying divinations and in medicine, and invited him
to meet with him at his place regularly for prayer on his behalf. God sented the Church Missionary Society in the parish, ascends
was not long to answer, and in a few days Dosimu experienced much the pulpit, and his clear voice, full of heart music, rings through relief, and began to be refreshed with sleep. This immediate answer to the pillars, round which twine in delicate carved work the simple prayer, though recovery was not yet perfect, together with remarks and wild flowers of the deep west-country lanes, the ferns that
teachings from Jonah, made a very strong impression upon him and dedrape the hedges of Somerset with fairy feather patterns, and
cided him at once to embrace Christianity and renounce Ifa entirely.
This he has done, and he has since been a very punctual and earnest the stag's horn moss, which is the prime glory of Exmoor, as it
attendant at the public means of grace and at instruction meetings. creeps about among the heather. The old women pucker up He is so anxious thoroughly to understand the religion he has taken their faces into lines of solemn attention; the bronzed, weather- up, and enter into Church connection that, old as he is, he has set himself beaten working men look up with thoughtful expectancy in their
to learning to read; he does not content himself with what he hears at gaze; the young people turn towards him bright earnest eyes :
instruction meetings and other gatherings, but visits some advanced
Christians, from whom he receives instruction in reading, and hears and they all love the Bible pictures he draws for them, and the learns in familiar conversation more of our religion. When he brought stories he tells them of strange, distant lands. They are thankful me his Ifa as a proof of his sincerity and earnestness, he said, " I cannot they can do a little in the grand cause he advocates, and they tell how much I have spent in vain upon this useless thing. I sought long to do still more.
recovery from it in illness and it promised it, but its promises and assuThe double work for God goes on bravely and with quiet
rances have not been fulfilled. Prayer to God has been of real help to
I renounco Ifa and will follow Christianity that the Lord may give success, and both are blessed, because their mainspring is one me perfect recovery.” There is in this a worldly motive; but a babe and the same—combined love for Christ and for His people. must speak a babe's language. God elects His own auxiliary ways to
ALICE KING. bring a sinner to salvation through Christ.
I was struck with what he said as to answers to prayer, and those
happy coincidences which heathen priests and others of their school often A BLESSED CHOICE.
take advantage of and set forth as answers from the gods they pray to.
“Such answers to prayers,” he said, “I have found to be not answers “I often walk in that Afghan cemetery where sleep six of Christ's
from Ifa whom I had prayed to, but from God Himself whom I ignofaithful Missionaries to the Afghan people. On the grave of one of
rantly addressed as the holy, sinless, and good One when I addressed Ifa these, a young Missionary who laboured there for a year and died (Roger thus, and who was pleased to apply to Ilimself the prayers and addresses Clark), are the words, " Thankful to the last to have been a Missionary.”
offered in simple faith, though in ignorance, to a thing that could not Sermon by Rev. T. P. Hughes.
help.” Light was gradually dawning upon the benighted soul, and he
saw men as trees walking. IS fair young soul the world essayed to woo,
When on Sunday, June 9th, I preached on the power of the Holy And of her charms the brightest pictures drew;
Spirit to renew the heart and life, he was almost breathless attention, and Faith stepped before and bade him lift bis eyes,
was heard afterwards to express his surprise at such a new doctrine, and to And see enthroned the Saviour in the skies.
say to a daughter of his who is secondary wife to a polygamist and makes
profession of Christianity, “ Have you heard what the minister teaches ? That sight behind the world had power no more,
You have a bad temper; go and ask for the Holy Spirit's power to change The Lord had won, and Him would he adore ;
it.” He had blamed her also for not having invited him before to the To Him he bends obedient heart and knee,
Christian religion. His eldest son is a Babalawo; he had taught him Ifa And there resolves His messenger to be.
worship, and advanced him to the priesthood. This son comes with him
to church sometimes, but is still blind and sticks to Ifa. His father To India's land in faith his way he wends,
speaking to him some time ago said, “ It is strange that when I who gave To take the word which Jesus' mercy sends ;
you Ifa say I have found that there is no truth in it, you should still Nor back he looks but bravely labours there,
hold to it as truth.” In zeal and love, in patient hope and prayer.
Dosimu attributes his conversion entirely to God. “What else," he In one short year his faithful soul was tried,
says, “could have brought me?" His chief anxiety is to be baptizedAnd then in faith he fell asleep and died,
"pinodu,” as he calls it
. Pinodu is an abbreviation of "Pa-ina-Odu,"
to kill or put out the fire of Odu. Odu is a companion of Ifa, and is And on his grave these hallowed words are seen, His thanks that he Christ's misioner had been.
represented by charcoal, powdered camwood mixed with water, and mud.
He is the god who afllicts mankind with sickness, death, and other How blest are they whom Jesus deigns to send,
troubles, and is said to be always in wrath against them. This wrath is On work for God so glorious in its end;
“ina” fire. To put out this fire is to propitiate him, remove his wrath, O hear His voice whene'er it speaks to thee,
and secure his favour and exemption from his inflictions. Propitiation And thou at last shalt likewise thankful be!
is made in a private house with the blood of a goat or sheep, and fowls
slain at night at the time of offering. When Dosimu says he wants to HIGHGATE, January 28th, 1879.
W. J. H. Y. “pinodu,” he means to dedicate himself to God by baptism.
THE LATE MRS. DEVASAGAYAM.
OUR PEKING MISSION.
VERY reader of the GLEANER knows that Peking is gayam was a household word among the friends of
the capital of China; but not every reader knows the Church Missionary Society, and missionary
that the Church Missionary Society has a Mission boxes used to be adorned with a picture of him
there. In the five years and a half of the GLEANER'S preaching to his Tamil congregation at Kadacha
existence, the work at Peking has, we fear, never puram in Tinnevelly. He was the first native clergyman in once been mentioned. But in that respect it is only like a good South India, being ordained by the Bishop of Calcutta (Dr. many other stations—so vast is the Society's field of labour ! Turner) in 1830, and he died in the midst of his people, full of “Whoever has not seen Peking does not know what decay years and honours, in 1864. Almost his last words were, “Oh, means," wrote a traveller some years ago. Yet in spite of its Jesus, precious Jesus, He is my treasure; love Him.” One of decay, it is believed to be still the second city in the world, the his sons, the Rev. Jesudasen John, is now pastor of Palamcotta, population being variously estimated at from one to two millions. and his daughter is our good friend Mrs. Anna Sattianadhan. The first picture on the opposite page shows one of its busiest
A few months ago Mrs. Hobbs, wife of Archdeacon Hobbs of parts. The broad causeway is a marble bridge crossing a canal, Mauritius, and formerly of the Tinnevelly Mission, sent us some though the canal itself cannot be seen. This bridge is just pretty sketches made by her five
within one of the principal enand-thirty years ago, which have
trances to the city, the Chien-Mun been engraved for the GLEANER,
gate, which may be noticed at the and will appear in an early num
very edge of the picture on the ber. One of these was a delicate
left hand. It is called the Beggar's pencil drawing, from life, of Ammal,
Bridge, from being a favourite reor (as she was always called)
sort of beggars. The covered “ Mrs. John," the wife of Mr.
carts are standing for hire, like Devasagayam. Hardly was the
cabs, and it is in these that the engraving from this sketch ready,
missionaries travel. Bishop Burwhen a letter from the Rev. W. T.
don says of these carts, that " for Sattianadhan informed us of the
discomfort they surpass every death of his venerable mother-in
other conveyance of the kind to law on the 23rd of February last;
be found in any part of the world so that in looking upon the plea
where he has been." One of the sant face in our picture, we can
memorial arches so common in think of her whose likeness it is
Chinese cities, built in commemo(or rather was, thirty-five years
ration of some event or great ago) as now reunited to her hus.
man, appears beyond the bridge. band in the presence of the Lord
The second picture represents a they both loved so well.
monument erected by the Emperor Mrs. Devasagayam was (we be
Chien Lung to a famous priest. lieve), like her husband, born of
It was on October 12th, 1860, Christian parents, and descended
that Peking fell before the assault from the early converts of Schwartz
of the British and French allied and other missionaries of last cen
troops. The peace that followed tury. Mrs. Hobbs, in sending us
permitted foreigners for the first the sketch, writes thus of her :
time to reside at the capital. In Dear Mrs. Devasagayam-one loves
1862 Bishop Smith and Mr. Burto think of her as we knew her in
don visited Peking, and the latter Tinnevelly—the bright, shining light
remained and began missionary in the midst of her fellow-country
work. The following year he was Her manners, at once so
joined by the Rev. W. H. Collins, dignified and unassuming, were the index to her well-regulated mind. She
(Sketched by Mrs. Hobbs in 1844.)
and they two together or sepawas a devoted Christian and an able
rately) carried on the Mission until teacher. During the time of our residence at Sattankulam, Mr. Devasa- Mr. Burdon was appointed Bishop of Victoria in 1874. From the gayam was in charge of the neighbouring district of Kadatchapuram, when first, the preaching of the Gospel proved a difficult and almost it was my privilege to cultivate Mrs. D.'s acquaintance and friendship, and fruitless task; and after some years Mr. Burdon wrote, referring to glean from her many a valuable hint with regard to our work.
Åt the time the portrait was taken (April, 1844) I have the following to the missionaries of other English and American societies, as entry in my journal :-"Yesterday we visited Mrs. John's Adult and well as to himself and his colleague, “ We all seem as husbandGirls' Day Schools, with both of which I was delighted; but I cannot men trying to till the soil still bound by the frosts of winter." attempt to convey, although I think I never can forget, the impression Nevertheless, although Peking is not a Fuh-chow or a Ningpo, made on my mind whilst listening to her classes, first with the female helps' who teach the Lord's Prayer, &c., to the women, and afterwards
the blessing of the Lord has not been withheld. Connected with with the Catechists' wives, about twenty in number. On each occasion different societies, there are now more than 800 converts in the a hymn was sung, and a lesson, given at the previous meeting, re- city and neighbourhood. The C.M.S., which has never thrown peated; then a chapter in the Bible was read, and Mrs. John gave an address and concluded with an extempore prayer. Such an address, and
its strength into Peking, can claim only a tenth of these. such a prayer ! both so simple and earnest, so full and so much to the
The following extracts are from the last Report of the Rev. point. I could only covet earnestly' the gift of tongues, and that better W. Brereton, who is associated with Mr. Collins. Very signifigift of the Spirit, whose teaching was so manifest in my native friend.” cantly do they illustrate the saying that the Chinese are not a
In her daughter, then the little Anna” growing up under that religious people like the Hindus, but “ of the earth, earthy" :Christian mother's influence and training, how many points of her character do we now see reproduced !
Our usual afternoon preaching to the heathen is carried on in two