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the sum specified above as given to parochial charities. On two
GRAVES AT MOMBASA. occasions also engravings of a local character have been introduced. The price charged is invariably a penny.
HE sketch engraved above was sent to us by the Rev. W. B.
Chancellor, of the Seychelles Islands, to whom it was given But in order to make it such a pecuniary success, it is needful
by Lieut. Gordon, R.N., one of the officers attached to the to find a cheap printer, to secure by diligent effort a good circ
British squadron on the East African coast. It shows the lation, and to obtain plenty of advertisements. As a check
high ground at Frere Town, and one of the mission buildupon unnecessary expenditure in printing, it may be stated that ings appears a little way off on the left. On the right is seen the harbour in 1875, when the monthly circulation averaged 350, and there of Mombasa, and the Indian Ocean stretohing away in the distance. were two pages of advertisements and one of local matter, the Mombasa island and town lie further to the right. printing account averaged 158. Last year, with a monthly cir- The grave of Mrs. Krapf, which is the most conspicuous one, has a culation of 550, the printer's monthly bill amounted to £1 13s.,
most touching association with the spread of Christ's kingdom in East when there were two pages of local matter in addition to three Africa. She died July 13th, 1844, only two or three months after Dr. of advertisements, and the title-page, and £2 5s. when there Krapf first landed at Mombasa ; and the bereaved missionary wrote home were four extra pages given. These amounts include the ex- these memorable words : “ Tell our friends that there is on the East pense of providing the extra paper. Each blank page is divided African coast a lonely grave of a member of the Mission cause connected into eight sections, and the price charged for an advertisement with your Society. This is a sign that you have commenced the struggle for one section is one guinea for the year, or half a crown for a with this part of the world; and as the victories of the Church are gained single insertion. During the whole time the GLEANER has been by stepping over the graves of many of her members, you may be the in circulation, every space has been filled. If no extra pages are more convinced that the hour is at hand when you are summoned to the introduced, and space is therefore valuable, it will be found to conversion of Africa from its eastern shore." pay better to have twelve or even sixteen spaces in a page, Among the other graves is that of an infant child of Mr. Sparshott's. charging somewhat less than the figures mentioned above.
One thing, writes Mr. Price, the picture does not show, viz., the bulletIt is not so easy to calculate the increased measure of mis- marks on Mrs. Krapf's tombstone, the handiwork of some mischievous sionary interest which the circulation of the GLEANER secures,
Wa-suabili. but it is the chief means which the writer has adopted for that purpose, and the interest now felt by his people in the work of
UP THE NILE TO UGANDA. the Church Missionary Society is shown by the fact that whereas
JOURNAL OF MR. R. W. FELKIN. in 1874 nothing whatever was contributed to its funds, £36 was contributed in 1875, £42 in 1876, £61 in 1877, and £63 in
(Continued.) 1878, besides several young men having been led to volunteer
EPT. 6.—At 12.30 our wood was finished, so five days' work
was burnt in four and a half hours. Shembeh still about for personal service, one of whom is now in the Nyanza Mission.
100 miles off by river, and no wood near, nothing but marsh. The writer hopes that many may be induced by these facts to
The captain will not burn the mast, &o., so there is nothing adopt the Church MISSIONARY GLEANER as a parochial maga
for it but to send our boat on. Seeing her got ready was zine, for though other magazines may possibly secure a readier
quite an excitement; she has only two oars, and is a sale, none, he is convinced, will tend so greatly to benefit the
very heavy boat, and does not look as if she will make the journey. The
tide, or rather current, is very strong, and the number of floating grass flock, or to promote the extension of the kingdom of Christ.
islands is very great. Six men went to row, taking it in turns, the pilot,
done to get them to come across in their boat, but it was no use, they were too frightened. This was a great pity, as they could get to Shembeh in two days in their light boat.
Sept. 11.–Our boat came back. They told the following story. That after rowing three days and nights they had found the river blocked up with grass islands, and could not force their way through because
and second engineer. They took with them coffee and durah, a box with a small charcoal fire, and three guns, which were very rusty and blocked up with dirt, so we cleaned them. They much fear for the safety of the boat, as several villages of natives have to be passed, some of whom are not over_friendly [the Dinka tribe-see the illustrations, and the map in the June GLEANER]. The captain took the anchor out of the boat so that they could not stop (a questionable proceeding). After repeating two verses out of the Koran, which they always do on starting on a journey, they pushed off. The note they took we put in a bottle sealed up to keep from the wet. Poor fellows ! what a time they will have of it, as it must take them six or seven days, unless a strong wind comes from the north. Now we must wait. We have been obliged to open a case of English provisions, and have no bread but durah ; this is ground between two stones, mixed with water, and baked on an iron plate. It is not nice.
Sept. 8.—Just finished breakfast, when P— saw a native, who was soon joined by another. L- ran for his telescope to look at them; no sooner did they see it than they vanished. The captain told him to put it to his mouth and lick it, as if you lick your gun (which they thought it was) it is a sign of peace. He did so, and they appeared again. All was
A DINKA DANDY. (From Schweinfurth.)
they had seen some natives who had threatened them, and they found, getting very serious. Our cook and his better half are not very good. I although they had guns, powder, and balls, they had forgotten to take am afraid we shall have to give them leave of absence for an unlimited any caps with them. But this is like the natives.
period at Lado. In the evening we had a talk with the captain, and at We came to the conclusion that they were frightened and so they last he told us he would get up steam in the morning and go to the cul came back, as if the river is blocked up, as they say, where do all de sac and commence pulling away the tofis, and asked us if we would the islands come from which pass each day? They say they come from work too. Of course we said, Yes, with pleasure, as anything is better the lakes, but we can hardly believe it, as in all the lakes we have seen than this inaction. there is no current at all. We asked the captain what we should do. Oct. 2.—Disappointed. We got up steam and went to the cul de sac. Oh! nothing at all, but wait till a steamer comes from Khartoum; but When we got there the captain refused to begin to work, saying that the as there is only food for the men for two more days, and in all likeli- wind is in the wrong direction, as if that had anything to do with it. hood the river is blocked behind us, that will not do. So we held a Then he steamed out, after wasting an hour's wood in looking at the consultation, and liave sent him a letter saying we think it his duty grass, and steamed up the channel, down which the current and the totis to burn the wood of the ship, and if he will not we shall take the kept coming, and then to our great disgust, after going 200 yards with command. Litchfield has gone in the boat to see if they can force a plenty of water in front of bim, he refused to go further and steamed passage to some trees we see in the far distance.
back to the old place in the lake, from which he says he will not move. Sept. 12-Boat gone to try and get wood. Worked hard all day and It is hard work not to give way to despair. got out eight large cases for them to burn, in each case three small cases The Litany was more beautiful this morning than it has ever appeared. of provisions. We have now to use English meat every day, as we I seemed to take courage, and came on deck happy and contented. I have nothing else to eat.
sat down to write, and soon I heard a cry, " A steamer, or vapour, vapour." The boat came back at six with a good load of wood. We had hard There was a rush at once to the bridge with glasses and telescopes, and work to pull her in; the men were quite done up; we had to throw them there, sure enough, in the far distance, hardly a steamer, but we could see a rope and haul them in, a bad thunderstorm going on at the same time. a mast, and every one began to shout. Ran up the flag at the masthead,
Sept. 13.-We shall stay here till we get enough wood to take us to and then saw a man go up to the masthead of the coming boat, so that Shembeh (perhaps). The men unload the wood in perfect time, singing
there is a chance of help, and our boat is not lost, as we had feared; some a song which translated means, “Give wood, take wood, oh yes, oh yes ! even thought they had been taken prisoners by Suleiman, who has rebelled oh God! oh God! all the wood we see must come on board the safir. near Shembeh. We are now most anxious to know where the real river Give wood, take wood, oh yes,” &c. &c.
comes; perhaps we may soon. It will take some time to open the way. Sept. 15.-We were all ill to-day. If we could get out of this marsh ! You cannot think how our spirits have gone up. But God is very good to us in keeping us thus far in health.
At about seven P.21., all of a sudden the pilot turned up; he had come Sept. 17.-Another bad night for all of us. The captain says he shall unnoticed in a native boat. He told us with great exertion he had got to still stay five more days in this place. The marsh is full of snakes and Shembeh in four days. All the people were nearly mad with joy when leeches. One of the men bad a lot on his leg; they were surprised to see the pilot came, and yelled and shouted themselves hoarse; and in less how we took them off with salt.
time than it takes me to write, he was nearly hugged to bits by the men. Sept. 18.- Bad night. Several men ill. I much worse. The boat It was very amusing to see him sitting cross-legged telling his story, and brought a lot of wood to-day. The poor fellows have to work up to their all the people sitting round listening, the whole lit up by the moon and necks in water to bring the boat through the marsh.
occasional flashes of lightning. Sept. 19.—Better to-day. Half the men of the ship are ill one way
At eleven our old boat came, bringing wood, bread, and two goats for or another, and if we do not go soon we shall not be able to do so.
us, Hassan Bey, captain of the soldiers, and a few soldiers. Their dresses Sept. 21.–Started at last this morning at six, but made very slow
very curious and picturesque. progress-partly on account of the immense quantity of “toffs," as the Oct. 5.
-Started at 5.45, towing the nuggar, and our black friends on grass islands are called, partly because the engine does not work well, board. We went by a most tortuous course, sometimes very narrow, and also the wcod does not give much heat.
then turning sharply round. We passed three or four huts, and about Sept. 23.-Pearson has begun to go through the Gospel of St. Luke thirty men and women. They had never seen a steamer before. The with the two Waganda chiefs, who speak Arabic; they are very pleased.
black men called out to them to dance, but they would not. Very large Gave them each an Arabic Bible. Kanagruba kissed the book, and then water lilies grow here; the stalks, which are very long, are dried and made put it under his shirt over his heart. He was reading it most of the day.
into bread by the natives. A most difficult passage had to be made, and May God touch his heart !
just at the edge of the river, which has always been used, she stuck fast Sept. 25.- It is a splendid day. We started at seven. No "toffs," so are
on the bar. It required all the efforts of soldiers, sailors, and every one going about five or six miles an hour. Passed one very large solitary tall to get us off ; so that if we had not brought the nuggar we should have palm-tree on the right bank, marked on the map. Aspect of the country
been in a fix. The nuggar had then to be pulled through. When this the same "gush” or marsh on all sides; trees, a few in the far distance.
was done a tremendous shout was raised, as after forty days in the marsh You must understand this gush properly; it all floats through the grass; is
we were at last safe. in many parts fifteen, twenty, and twenty-live feet high. From the deck From this point the river is very broad and has a swift current, but we of the steamer nothing can be seen, no river, before or behind, for any got along very well, and soon turned to the right into a lake on the shores distance, even from the high bridge, only a wide expanse of grass, and a
of which Shembeh is situated. hundred or so yards of the river. The work of forcing the boat through this gush is great; most of the men up to their necks in water pushing her, others push with long poles, and so slowly, very slowly, we are forced along. A great many small birds about singing so sweetly. At about six
OUR HOME IN THE WILDERNESS. we came into a large lake, and turning sharp round to the north, came
Recollections of North Tinnevelly. to a standstill in a cul de sac. The captain and pilot say it is the river, but we do not think so, as there is no current to be seen, except a slight
BY THE REV. R. R. MEADOWS. one passing to the north. Water-lilies were growing there, and to every appearance there has never been any passage through. Well, we must
CHAPTER VII.-A CONTRAST. wait for some light, so steamed into the middle. I should say we see a
" The people that walked darkness have seen a great light : they that strong current running from the south to the place where we came out
dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined."into the lake, and toffs keep passing along.
Isaiah ix, 2. Sept. 26.-Late last night the captain decided to send a boat round the
N our first chapter we just alluded to the sad condilake to see if there was an outlet in the direction we indicated. We
tion of Hindu widows. An extract from our journal made up our minds for one of us to go with the boat, and told him to keep the boat for us in the morning, but although we were up at day
will more fully illustrate the misery of their lot. light, found he had already sent it; returning at eight, saying there was
Rāmavādān, of whom mention is made, was one of no way. The captain then said he should send to Shembeh, to which we
the wealthiest of the head men of our town. had no objection, but that he should send to the south. No, he is deter- was very friendly with us; he often paid us a visit; occasionally mined to send north. We have only one hope, and that is, that he will find out his mistake, and when the boat is out of sight take it round.
was present at our church services, and seemed not far from the Any way, we are once more left for an indefinite period. Pearson went
kingdom of heaven. He, however, died a heathen :up the masthead, but saw only water as far as he could see to the south, Rāmanādān has had a great sorrow of late. His son-in-law has died,
The Waganda are so pleased with their Bibles, they are spelling them and his only daughter of eighteen is doomed thereby to perpetual widowout all day. I have begun to teach Kanagruba to write.
hood. But his chief sorrow is that there is now no hope of having a Oct. 1. -Fiftieth day out from Khartoum. We thought of celebrating grandson to perform his funeral ceremonies and to inherit his large this jubilee, but did not quite know how. No signs of the boat; it is property. It was a painful day to that poor young widow, the day of
her husband's death and burial. For the last time she was permitted to relations I remember the promise, “ They shall be all righteous; they put on all her weighty and costly ornaments. She sat in the midst of her shall inherit the earth for ever, the branch of My planting, the work of female relations with dishevelled hair. They were all wailing, beating My hand, that I may be glorified"; "Thy children shall be all taught of their breasts violently, knocking their heads against the floor and walls, Me." This He says like a dear father to his children. Dear madam, you and so crowding her with their noisy sympathy, in a small windowless know the verse, “ Hath He said and will IIe not do it?” I humbly desire room, that she fainted away. Her husband's corpse, attired as a bride- that all the families whom God hath male may look for the coming of groom, holding a bouquet of flowers in his hand, in a sitting posture, was Our Savicur. My dear mother, after our precious “teaching father carried in a palanquin, amid the discordant dim of native music, to the and mother” left, you will be glad to know how the Lord has led us. It burning-ground. Then began a widowhood which, unless she becomes a
is, as you say, a very responsible work. But it must not be said that I Christian, will be miserable for life. The ornaments are all taken from carry it on. I am a weak and ignorant vessel. But He who gives strength her. Her handsome coloured garments are exchanged for the white one to an earthen vessel like me has Lordly dominion, is “the Wonderful, of mourning. If we could get a glimpse of her now we should probably the Counsellor, the everlasting Father, the l'rince of Peace.” This mighty see her garments, her hair, and her person neglected, and perhaps even God carries on this work for me. After they had gone some winds of filthy. She will never be allowed to leave the house, unless it be to go to trouble did beat upon me; but we go on according es they, by the help mourn and wail the death of some relative.
of God, wisely planted. Till they come back restored to health, I am not A few weeks afterwards a visit was paid to this poor widow :
going to let go my hold of Him, but hold firmly on as Jacob did. We went to Rāmanādān's house with the hope of talking to the women.
The writer of the following account of her death has himself His mother, however, was the only one of the family we were permitted been also called to his rest. His life, which we had peculiar to see. I was particularly anxious to see his young widowed daughter
, opportunities of watching, was specially consistent and upright. in the hope of persuading her to learn of me how to do wool-work, and Though of low caste he gained the respect of men of all castes, thus to forget her sorrow in some useful employment. I had the further thought of eventually teaching her to read. I was disappointed to find
and the most touching incident connected with his death was the her in the next room with an aunt, who had already passed many years
following. The place where he died was crowded with excited in monotonous widowhood, broken only by the customary and periodical mourners. Amongst them were his two little boys, weeping wailing with her friends. There the two widows were making most profusely. But with his arm about the neck of each, doing his piteous lamentations. We heard it so distinctly that my little boy, who
best to comfort them, stood a man who, four years before, would had accompanied us, asked what that strange noise was. We tried to have it stopped, but no one was disposed to go and quiet them. I told
have accounted even their near approach a defilement. Now the them how foolish and wrong it was to give themselves up to a lifelong Brahmin Christian was caressing and comforting two Pariah lads sorrow. Pointing to my matron, I said to Rāmanādān, “ She is a widow, at the death of him whom he accounted among his most valued and became so when very young. She learnt her A B C after her friends. D. Antony, for that is his name, was buried side by side husband died. Look at her usefulness, her cheerfulness, her happiness in
with Nallammal, at, I believe, his own request :-making others happy. See how she is glorifying God in the work she is doing for my school children. Is her condition a happy one? Or is the
Reverend and kind father in Christ. Our dear sister and mother, Nalcondition of these miserable women, whose piteous wailing we so dis- lammal, has passed the waves of this troublesome and sinful world and is tinctly hear, a happy one ?”
gone to the bosom of her father. This news will cause you not so much The school matron” mentioned in this account was Nal- sorrow as great rejoicing. For in conversation with her while she was lammal. She, too, was a widow, who had lived with her husband
suffering, her trust was such as to give us great confidence, and we learnt
a lesson of patience. One said, " A saint has said, Though He slay me, yet about a year; but she was a Christian. Soon after the birth of
will I trust Him.” She replied, "Yes, Job said that.” One day when her daughter he had died. It was an irreparable loss to her, she was suffering less pain, she told a woman who was reading to her " but," as her brother says," it eventually became her gain, and to read Ps. xci. and Ps. ciii. and to pray with her. One day she called she learned rightly to understand the words of our blessed
the children and asked them to sing softly, “I have a Father in te Saviour, • What I do, thou knowest not now, but thou shalt
promised land,” to which she listened with eager joyfulness. When the
dizease was at its height, one reminded her of the verse in her “Golden know hereafter.' For, humanly speaking, she would not have
Treasury,” which she was very fond of reading-"Fear not, daughter of been so useful in the service of God if she had been privileged Zion.” With beaming face she repeated it, and John xii. 15, and Zech. to live with her dear husband till now." A more useful life she ix. 9, and Zeph. iii. 14, without a single mistake. When the suffering could not well have lived. First, as the companion of her
was very great she would say, “My heavenly Father! my Master ! ”
She never showed the least sign of murmuring. Her daughter said to brother's wife, her help was invaluable. He had to be absent
her, “ You will die. Whom shall I call mother ? " She replied, "Why six weeks at a time itinerating in North Tinnevelly in his tent. are you so worldly-minded ? Trust in the Lord. Am I in the place of His wife had a temporary home in a little heathen village, and God?” A person present said, “What message have you for me?” Nallammal was her companion there for two years. Under these
She replied, " The Lord is your help.” Her daughter seeing her sickness circumstances, had it not been for her society, her brother
and weakness increase kept wailing and saying, “ Will my mother live ?
Will my mother live? She said, “ Trouble me not, my thoughts and would have felt it impossible to leave his wife, and his work
my treasure are in paradise," and then turning to Pakkiam, her attendant, would have been greatly hindered, if not entirely abandoned. In she said, “ Pakkiam, cannot you speak to her ?" The attendant said, 1864 we asked to have her as the matron of the Boarding
“The Lord is trying you,” to which she answered, “Yes, He is trying Schools. She was an immense comfort to us. We had perfect
me; He will make me like fine gold." Seeing how much trouble she gave
to others, she said, “My brothers and sisters, and children, the Lord will confidence in her. Her judgment was good, and she studied
rewar.l you for all you have done for me since the day that I bowed my the best interests of the school. She used to conduct the
head. He will not send you away empty." When she was too weak to Wednesday Bible-class of all the women of Sachiapuram, and speak, or open her eyes, she was asked, “ Mother, are you medità: ing on no one can forget the earnestness which she showed in her
the Saviour Jesus?" she nodded her head in sign of assent. This is all instructions and prayers. Every one seemed to look up to her
I remember, but she said more. Who but the Lord's child, who with his
mind set on earth, could open his mouth to speak thus ? None but those for advice. They carried all their troubles to her. We parted who have their trust in the cross of Jesus; therefore, dear sir, be not from her in 1870, when we were obliged to visit England for a cast down with over much grief, but remember that your labour in the time. Nothing touched me more than the parting scene between Lord is not in vain.
D. ANTONY. her and Mrs. Meadows. Mrs. Meadows kissed her, and the good woman seemed as if she could not break from her. We
Another native brother wrote of her thus : “ The news that never saw her again, for before we returned she hail succumbed your right hand in Sachiapuram is broken and that the voice of to a painful disease.
lamentation is heard throughout all North Tinnevelly, such as I shall copy out parts of two letters, one of her own to a friend David uttered on the death of Abner, namely, that a “great in England, and one from a native brother to ourselves giving one is fallen,' will fill your mind with trouble and anguish.” details of her illness and death :
Hundreds missed her. Who will miss the heathen widow, My dear madam, I noticed in your letter your desire that my poor
when she is called away ? Rather, who will not be glad that she daughter and relatives may grow in the Lord. When I think of my is gone?