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seven in number, came for examination. Four, the wives of four of the

EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS. candidates, were well-instructed and satisfactory. Two were not so intelligent; and I decided to defer their baptism. But at Matthew and Luke's It is hoped that arrangements may ere long be made for the appointearnest request, I afterwards admitted one of them,-the other, as I was ment of Missionary Bishops for Travancore, Japan, and the C.M.S. told, weeping much at being shut out for a time. [Number 7 is not Missions in East Africa. accounted for in the hurry of my brother's unstudied letter.-G. E. M.] The Bishop of British Columbia, acting on the resolution of his

As I was getting ready the door opened, and an old man stood there Diocesan Synod, is taking steps for the division of his Diocese into three smiling. “What is your honourable age, grandfather?” said I. "Eighty- dioceses, the northernmost of which will embrace the greater part of the eight,” he replied. His eyes and hearing were wonderfully good. He is C.M.S. North Pacific Mission. the family patriarch of the Christians, and himself “not far from the A project has been set on foot by the African Exploration Committee Kingdom of God," as I trust, but still unable to give up his favourite of the Royal Geographical Society for constructing a line of telegraph idol. I held service at nine o'clock. Eighteen persons, including chil- from the north to the south of Africa, thus putting the Victoria Nyanza, dren, were baptized, the same number as at Great Valley a year ago. Unyanyembe, Ujiji, Mpwapwa, Zanzibar, Lake Nyassa, and Cape Colony,

We reached Great Valley soon after noon, passing a village in which in direct telegraphic communication with London. The length to be five new Christians live. (There are now about twelve villages in the constructed, in order to unite the lines now working in Egypt and in Chuki district in which Christians or inquirers are found.) I found, almost Cape Colony, would be 4,000 miles. The scheme could be carried out, it to my dismay, the Great Valley chapel nearly full of inquirers, and with is believed, without serious difficulty, and at moderate expense. Matthew's help I spent about two hours in examining them. At three Mr. W. E. Taylor, of Hertford College, Oxford, has offered himself to o'clock twenty-one men, women, and children were baptized. I then the Society for missionary work in Africa, and has been accepted. administered the Lord's Supper to twenty-two Christians who had been Mr. G. H. Pole, of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, who was for confirmed in May. The offertory collections here and at Wang-do-fan three years in Japan as an engineer, and knows the C.M.Š. Mission there together amounted to about 1,000 copper coins, value four shillings....well, has offered himself to the Society with a view to joining the

We got back to Hang-chow in good time on Friday. The new converts Mission after his ordination, and has been thankfully accepted by the were so much upon my mind that I determined to hurry down all Committee. our available forces to follow up the work. . . . . Yesterday, Matthew On December 22nd the Rev. H. Williams, of the Krishnagur Mission, and his wife May, with their son John, and Stephen Dzing's son Kyi- was admitted to priest's orders by the Bishop of Calcutta ; also the Rev. doh, started for the district, hoping to spend three or four days each at Jani Alli, on the same day, by the Bishop of Bombay. about six chief centres, cheering the people, giving the women a start in We much regret to say that another agent of the Nyanza Mission has learning to read the Hang-chow dialect printed in Roman type, and fallen. Mr. Penrose, who was engaged as an engine-fitter, was following working amongst the heathen as they can. We are praying much for Messrs. Stokes and Copplestone with a separate caravan from Mpwapwa them. There are many causes for anxiety. But I desire and strive to towards the Lake, when, on December 18th, he was attacked by Ruga-ruga “ roll” their burdens on the Lord.

robbers, he and some of his men killed, and the goods plundered.
Messrs. Stokes and Copplestone at Uyui, and Dr. Baxter and Mr. Last at

Mpwapwa, were well.

The Rev. F. Bellamy is about to return to Palestine to take charge of

the work in the Hauran (the ancient Bashan), where a promising field is OTTA is a C.M.S. station in Ceylon, six miles from Colombo, the

open among the Druzes and Arabs. capital. Pictures of Cotta, and accounts of the Mission, have Another missionary for the North Pacific being urgently needed, to

appeared in the GLEANER of Feb, and July, 1875; May, Sept., reside permanently in Queen Charlotte's Islands, Mr. G. Sneath, of the and Nov., 1876; Sept., 1877; and July, 1878. The following is from the

Nyanza Mission, who returned invalided from Zanzibar, has been appointed

to that post. Rev. R. T. Dowbiggin's Annual Letter just received :

A memorial to the late Rev. David Fenn is proposed in Madras, to The total number of schools under my management is forty-nine; of take the form of a hostel or home for young Native Christians, who come which forty-five are in the Cotta district, and four are in Colombo. The from all parts of South India to study at the Madras University. A sum total number of scholars in all classes of schools is 2,502, and are dis- of £2,000 is required. tributed over an area of some 250 square miles.

Wé regret to hear that the excellent Native clergyman at Aurungabad, Seven young people from our schools received baptism last year. I am the Rev. Ruttonji Nowroji, has met with a serious accident, breaking two glad to say that there are a good many inquirers and candidates for of the bones of his foot. He was, however, progressing satisfactorily. baptism. Of the latter there are twenty-four in the boys' English school, The Alexandra Girls' Boarding School at Umritsur, the buildings for and three or four in the girls' boarding-school. One young lad of about which have been raised and paid for (but £500 is still needed) through thirteen or fourteen appears to have made up his mind to become a the energetic labours of the Rev. Robert Clark, was publicly inaugurated Christian, and is a candidate for baptism. On one occasion his Buddhist on December 27th. Bishop French, General Maclagan, and å large friends and relations endeavoured to persuade, if they did not actually number of English and Native friends were present. An anthem, “Suffer use force to compel, him to go to the temple and make offerings to the little children to come unto Me," and the 127th Psalm, were sung, and image of Buddha ; but all in vain. The youth firmly resisted, and has the Bishop offered up prayer for a blessing on the institution. On the continued steadfastly to express his earnest wish to be a Christian. walls was a large scroll in English and Hindustani, “ All thy children

Some of the embroidery sent from Ceylon to the Paris Exhibition was shall be taught of the Lord.” made in our girls' schools.

The University of Durham has conferred the degree of B.A. on Mr. During the Christmas holidays I went to a church for service, about N. S. Davis, and that of Licentiate in Theology upon Messrs. N. H. ninety miles from Cotta, and there I found three of our boarding-school Boston, David Brown, Samuel Hughes, Samuel Taylor, and W.C. Morgan, girls leading the singing, and one of them playing the harmonium, to all African students in the C.M.S. Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone. the evident delight of the congregation. Our hope is that, in course of The Sub-dean, Dr. A. S. Farrar, in submitting the "grace" to the Unitime, the influence of the boarding-school in this, as well as in other versity for adoption, said that the students had "passed an examination respects, will be felt all through the Mission. A brother of one of the of the most remarkable excellence.” girls writes of his sister, "She is a pearl in our family, owing to her Further particulars have come to hand respecting Bishop Sargent's education and training in the girls' boarding-school.”

ordination of nine Native deacons and eight Native presbyters at PalamIt has been very interesting to us to watch the gradual changes for cotta on September 23rd. The candidates for deacon's orders, all of good in the character and disposition of the girls. In some it has been whom were tried and faithful agents of the C.M.S., and most of them most marked, and we cannot help feeling that such improvement is owing between thirty and forty years of age, were prepared, under the Bishop's to the blessed influences of God's Holy Spirit. During the past year, two supervision, by the Rev. Joseph David, one of the Native clergy at young women who had been in the schools, and married after leaving, Mengnanapuram, and their examination was conducted by the Revs. V. have died rejoicing in the assurance of everlasting life.

Vedhanayagam and D. Gnanamuttu. The week before the ordination At Liyanwela I have established an early morning prayer-meeting at was devoted to a series of services, at which addresses were given by six A.M. I found that there was a great difficulty in finding a time and experienced Native clergymen. At the ordination service 1,450 persons place in their own houses for morning devotions, and so we have opened were present, including thirty-five Native clergy besides the candidates. this early service for reading of God's Word and prayer.

The sermon was preached by the Rev. Devanagayam Viravagu, from One of our Christians was suffering from dysentery, and, though 1 Tim. iv. 14, 15. The names of the newly ordained deacons are - Isaac unable to read, took his wife's Testament and Prayer-book, put them on Gurubadham, Muttusami Devaprasad ham, Thomas Hastings, S. Parahis breast, and declared his faith in, and love for, the Lord Jesus Christ. manandham, John Pakianadhan, Tucker Yesadian, Pakianadhan J.

There has been good work done in Colombo, in the streets, gaols, Harries, Samuel Samuel, and Manuel H. Cooksley. The first of these is hospitals, and at the police-courts, where we have preached to thousands appointed domestio chaplain to Bishop Sargent; the last-named is desigof people during the year.

nated “Medical Pastor, Mengnanapuram.'


APRIL, 1879.

the way by using the printing-press. The first Annual Report

mentions plans formed for promoting the study of three lanA TEXT FOR APRIL 12th.

guages, Susu, Arabic, and Chinese ; and the second Report adds to these Persian. It was in the first of these tongues that the

earliest effort was at length made to preach the Gospel. The THE EIGHTIETH BIRTHDAY OF THE

first two missionaries of the Society sailed in 1804 to work

among the Susu tribes on the West Coast of Africa. CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

Some years elapsed before any other Mission was begun, although active inquiries were made in many parts of the world,

and preliminary steps taken. Thus, in 1809, two or three men The Lord thy God hath blessed thee in all the works of thy

were sent to Australia (then called New Holland), with instruchand : He knoweth thy walking through this great wilderness : tions to get to New Zealand when they could; but it was not these [eighty] years the Lord thy God hath been with thee; till five years after that they landed on that savage and muchthou hast lacked nothing. -Deut. ii. 7.

dreaded shore. And in India, Daniel Corrie, who was a Government chaplain, engaged Abdul Masih, Henry Martyn's convert from Mohammedanism, as an agent of the Society, before

English missionaries were allowed to enter the country. But FOUR-SCORE YEARS OLD,

the years 1814-16 saw several important Missions begun—Sierra The Eightieth Birthday of the Church Missionary Society. land ; and the years 1818-22 added Bombay, Tinnevelly, Ceylon,

Leone, Mediterranean, Calcutta, Madras, Travancore, New ZeaHANGING the original word “forty," in the verse and Rupert's Land to the list. The other C.M.S. Missions were

above, to " eighty," the text becomes the very taken up as follows :-The Telugu Mission in 1841 ; East Africa motto for a day just approaching, April 12th. and China in 1844 ; Yoruba in 1845; Sindh and Fuh-kien in

On the 12th of April, 1799, sixteen clergymen 1850 ; Palestine and 'Hudson's Bay in 1851 ; the Punjab in

met at the Castle and Falcon in Aldersgate Street, 1852 ; Mauritius in 1856; the Niger and the North Pacific in and formed the CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The 12th of 1857; Oudh, the Santal Mission, and Athabasca in 1858 ; April, 1879, is, therefore, the Society's eightieth birthday. Let Madagascar in 1860; Japan in 1869; Persia in 1875; the us look back for a moment over these four-score years.

Nyanza Mission in 1876. Why did those sixteen clergymen form this Society? Because Up to the end of last year the Society had sent out more than 800 (1) they felt laid upon them the Lord's parting command, “Go missionaries, not reckoning the wives, nor some 70 other female ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature.” teachers. Of these, 430 were trained at the college at Islington, Because (2) they desired to obey this command as members of and 126 were University men. Fourteen have been raised to the Church of England rather than join the undenominational the Episcopate, and eighteen to the office of Archdeacon. The London Missionary Society, then lately established. Because Native and country-born clergy ordained in connexion with the (3) although the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel had Society number altogether 293, and of these 196 are still been founded ninety-eight years before, it was then doing nothing labouring in its servico, of whom 185 are pure Natives. For for the heathen, and its income was under £800. Because (4) | twenty years after the Society was founded the Annual Reports they could not join that Society and infuse a new spirit into it, reckoned no converts ; now there are nearly 150,000 adherents, for no one known to preach the evangelical doctrines of “ruin, of whom one-fifth are communicants. During those twenty redemption, and regeneration"—the guilt and helplessness of years no baptisms were reported ; in 1877 no less than 2,355 - man, salvation by faith in Christ, and the work of the Holy adults and 4,618 children were baptized by the C.M.S. clergy.

Spirit in the soul-would at that time have had a chance of Great works often have very humble beginnings. No Church being admitted a member.

authorities patronised the sixteen clergymen. The then ArchHow did the young Society set about its work?. First, letters bishop of Canterbury, on being consulted, would only promise were written to the few godly clergymen and others scattered to “ look upon their proceedings with candour.” Not till fifteen over the country, asking them (1) to pray for the undertaking, years had elapsed did any Bishops join the Society, and then (2) to interest friends in it, (3) to seek for persons willing to only two. Not till 1841, when the Society had more than 100 carry the Gospel to the heathen. Of these requests, the first missionaries and an income of £80,000, did the two Archbishops was responded to by many; and Thomas Scott, the Commentator, give their sanction. The list of patrons, &c., now comprises in the first Annual Sermon, preached at St. Ann's, Blackfriars, the four Archbishops and seventy Bishops. said, “ It is our decided opinion that they who most pray for us All these are outside results. But what shall we say of the are the best benefactors to this Institution, and take the most fruits of the eighty years as God sees them? What of the effectual means of rendering it successful.” The second request savages reclaimed-the cannibals sitting at the feet of Jesus, produced in the first year an income of £911. To the third clothed and in their right mind—the Negro slave raised to a life there was no response : not a single offer for service as a of usefulness and honour--the proud Brahmin and the bigoted missionary was received ; and at length the Committee had to Moslem brought in penitence to the Cross—the restless philolook to Protestant Germany to supply men for the work. Of the sopher at rest—the weary and heavy-laden animated by a hope first twenty-seven missionaries sent out by the C.M.S., twenty of immortality ? Above all, what shall we say of the many in were Germans. But, let it never be forgotten, most of them that great multitude which no man can number, of all nations, took English wives with them. The women of England led the and kindreds, and people, and tongues, standing before the way into heathendom.

Throne and before the Lamb, whom it pleased God to save by Meanwhile, the Committee had been surveying the world, and the instrumentality of the Church Missionary Society ? as they had no living men to send out they resolved to prepare Is not the motto true?" The Lord hath blessed thee in all the works of thy hand —where is the work of our hand which the Hall at Jaffa (Joppa); the Rev. C. Fallscheer at Nablous Lord has not blessed ? He knoweth thy walking through this (Shechem); Mr. G. Nyland at Ramallah (a village between the great wilderness—a wilderness it has been difficult the way- sites of Gibeon and Bethel); and the Rev. A. Schapira, who has wary the steps required-great the faith and patience needed ; been lately sent out to occupy Gaza. The two missionaries now but the Society may say, like the Psalmist, “ Thou knowest my added are the Rev. F. Bellamy and the Rev. W. T. Pilter. Mr. path.” These scighty) years the Lord thy God hath been with Bellamy, as will be remembered, has been out twice before temthee "-- this alone it is that has supported the labourers abroad porarily. He is to go right away into the Hauran, east of the and the labourers at home. Thou hast lacked nothing "—is Lake of Galilee, where the Society already has some schools in that really so? We have often thought we lacked much-men, the country of Og, the King of Bashan. means, success ; but it was only our short-sightedness and want There are also three Native clergymen in the Mission, viz., of faith at the time. Looking back over the eighty years, we can the Rev. Seraphim Boutagy, at Nazareth ; the Rev. Michael now see how true it is that when the need arose the supply soon Kawar, at Jerusalem ; and the Rev. Khalil Jamal, at Salt came. The Lord has given us far more than either we have (Ramoth-Gilead). Of these three good men we give the likedesired or deserved.

nesses, which were taken when they were admitted to priest's Will not, then, all our readers join in the heartfelt exclamation, orders on September 23rd, 1877. Bishop Gobat wrote on the “ Now therefore, our God,

occasion, “I have known we thank Thee, and praise

few clergymen who have so Thy glorious name”?

clear views of the evangelical doctrines"; and he speaks

highly of their preaching OUR PALESTINE

powers, particularly of Mr. MISSION

S. Boutagy. Mr. Boutagy

is a native of Akka (Acre), AST month the C.M.S.

where his father was a Committee took leave

prosperous merchant be. of two missionaries

longing to the Latin Church. about to sail for the Holy

He was educated at a Jesuit Land. The Rev. Canon

school in the Lebanon, and Hoare, in addressing them,

speaks French and English. expressed his deep convic

The interesting station at tion that Palestine was the

Shefamer, near Akka, of most important country in

which we gave a picture in the world, and would be

July, 1877, and where he come more and more so,

laboured until recently, is and dwelt on the high inte

now in charge of a Native rest attaching to an effort

layman, Mr. Nicola Dabbak. to preach the pure Gospel

Mr. Kawar belongs to a of Christ in the land of His

good family of the Greek birth, and life, and death.

Church. Mr. Jamal's family But the work is a very diffi

belong to the Protestant

congregation at Jerusalem, sentatives of the different

and he was brought up in corrupt Eastern Christian

Bishop Gobat’s Diocesan Churches—the Greek, the

School. Another Native of Latin, the Maronite, &c.;

Palestine, from Taiyibeh there are Jews; there are

(Ophrah), Mr. Nasr Ode, is Mohammedans; there are

now in the Islington College, Druses, a strange people

and is to be ordained shortly. with a religion which is still

May great grace be upon a mystery ; and there are

them all! the old " Fellahin,” the lowest rural population, who are supposed to be descended from the remnant of the ancient

OUR HOME IN THE WILDERNESS. Canaanites, and who, though nominally Mohammedans, retain much heathen superstition. The general language is Arabic.

Recollections of North Tinnevelly. The congregations formed in connexion with the C.M.S. Mission

BY THE REV. R. R. MEADOWS. consist mostly of Greek and other Christians who have been led

CHAPTER IV. to embrace the purer faith and simpler worship of the Church of Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands. .... They that England ; but it is earnestly hoped that the efforts now being make them are like unto them.” –Ps. cxv. 4, 8. made to reach the Druses and Mohammedans will be blessed of

HE recognised idolatry in Sonth India is principally God.

that of Siva, or Shiva, or Shiv (aş it is sometimes It was in 1851 that Bishop Gobat of Jerusalem invited the

written), or of his sons, Suppramanian and Pilleiar. C.M.S. to begin a Mission in Palestine. Two of the missionaries

But while the villagers are special lovers of Pilleiar, who have laboured for many years, the Rev. F. A. Klein and

they have also their own particular deity, male or the Rev. John Zeller, are well known. The present European female, to which they make their offerings. Pilleiar is represtaff comprises the Revs. John Zeller and T. F. Wolters at sented with the head and trunk of an elephant, and his temple

, Jerusalem ; the Rev. J. Huber at Nazareth ; the Rev. J. R. L. or often his idol without the temple, is seen under a green tree


cult one.

There are repre





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and facing the east. The temple, where there is one, is intended more as a house for the god to be put in, than as a place for people to assemble for worship. It is too small for that, and the worship is performed outside. It is not congregational,* but individual, and consists of putting garlands about the neck of the idol, anointing it with oil, walking round and round, prostrations in froņt, a meaningless knocking of the temples with the knuckles. Pilleiar is supposed to be the god of learning, and school-books usually begin with an ascription of praise to bim. Here is one of them, "Who worships at Genésa's

holy shrine, And lifts his hands in ador

ation there, Not sorrow's aching burden

need he bear, Nor innate sin's defilement

need de plore.” Genésa is one of his names, and this is what they say of one whose history is anything but one of holiness!

But each village, as I said, has its guardian deity, and the only worship which most people offer from one end of the year to the other is an occasional offering to this idol, with a view to get some temporal benefit, or to avert some temporal evil.

The people of a village Dear us boast that they never have cholera among them, because there stands their idol just outside the village, in a little mud and thatch building, as their protector ! It is a goddess, and here is her nameVadakkuvāvi Salli Ammei, or “ The Mother Salli with her face towards north."

When a cow, or sheep, or anything else is lost, the villagers have the means of finding it through the interposition of the god! An offering of money

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* This remark applies to all Hindu worship.


is made to one on whom the god has bestowed his grace. He

MR. SATTHIANADHAN AT ROME. is familiarly called the “Devil dancer.” He gives his oracular revelations under a wide-spreading banian-tree. They say that

[In the following letter, our brother from Madras continues his interthey do really find their lost property in this way. Probably

esting narrative of the journey of himself and his wife through Italy en the devil dancer (for there is a particular man in the village who route for India.] acts this part) is in concert with the thief.

CHINTADREPETTAH, MADRAS, 10th January, 1879. Small-pox and cholera are supposed to be sent by a malignant

N the morning of the 26th of October we left Florence for

Rome. There were two ladies from Scotland travelling in goddess whom they call Māri; Māri means death. They have

the same carriage with us, and in their company and convarious ways of averting her anger. One favourite means is to

versation we felt ourselves quite at home. While passing tie the leaves of the margõsa-tree, on a straw rope, across the

through the classic soil the scenery in all directions was street from house to house; or a few of these leaves are stuck

magnificent and clear under the bright Italian sky. As we in the thatch, or put over the door.

neared Rome we saw the dome of St. Peter's, and nearer still, the walls There is an annual festival in our town in honour of this

of the city, the aqueduct, and many other old and interesting ruins. Of

course superstition had not that sway over us as it had over Luther, who goddess, the day for commencing it being found in the following on getting the first sight of Rome knelt down and said, “ Hail! thou holy manner. A deputation of chief men goes in procession to the

city." Still, a peculiar sensation does come over the mind as it contemdoor of the temple, and waits to hear the chirrup of a lizard ; if plates, for the first time, the architectural and artistic beauty, intellectual the sound proceeds from the right side, they are to celebrate it

eminence, and political supremacy, for which this city on seven hills was

once so celebrated. that day week; if the lizard is silent, they have to return the At the station we were met by Dr. Nevin, Rector of St. Paul's Church, following week and repeat the ceremony.

Rome, of the American Episcopal Church. Next day being Sunday, we This festival is as unlike a religious feast as an English fair is.

attended service at St. Paul's, of the American Episcopal Church. Dr. It is the most noisy, the most meaningless scene I have ever

Nevin, the Rector, read the Service ; I read the Litany ; Dr. Doane, Bishop witnessed. The streets are thronged with men and women in

of Albany, preached. About 150 people were present, most of whom were

visitors from England and America. In the afternoon service at 4 P.M. holiday attire, who have come to see the sights. And such Dr. Nevin and another clergyman read the Service, and I preached from sights ! On one side is seen a man running wildly along with a

Rom. i. 15: "So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the Gospel to pan of burning coals applied to his breast. In another place are

you that are at Rome also." The number present was about eighty,

exclusive of many Italians who appear to have been attracted by the young men being conducted in triumph through the streets, with novelty of the preacher. The Bishop of Albany was also present and cords passed through the muscles of their sides. Then there are pronounced the benediction. Two American ladies and a gentleman who strange harlequin-looking men, with their almost naked bodies were present at the afternoon service called to see us at the hotel, and spotted over with white and red paint. These are honoured

manifested a warm interest in the extension of the Redeemer's kingdom with a red umbrella over their heads. The strangest and most

in India, a visit which greatly cheered us. foolish of all these sights is that of men dressed up in garments

On Monday, the 28th, I called on Dr. and Mrs. Gason, to whom Mrs.

Forbes, of Paris, had sent a note of introduction. Dr. G. is a private made of the leaves of the cocoa-nut, dripping with water and medical practitioner. They were both originally from the "Emerald wet mud!

Isle,” but have been settled in Rome for about thirty years.

He kindly The temples of Srivilliputtur, one of the chief towns, are built

sent an English guide, under whose leadership we saw some sights this in honour of the principal gods, and have lofty and very elaborate

afternoon. To an antiquarian, Rome presents a vast field for research

and study. The number of ancient buildings is very large. There are towers over their gateways. (See the engraving.) But the popular 365 churches, reminding one of the number of days in the year. [Mr. worship connected with them has reference to scenes which have Satthianadhan then gives a brief account of St. Peter's

, the Pantheon, nothing divine in them. Nāchiār, the goddess in one, is yearly and other churches.] A bronze figure of St. Peter with the keys in his married to the lame Mannār. On this occasion the lofty gaudy toe was actually worn out by the constant pressure with which the deluded car, like a moving tower, is dragged through the streets by worshippers kissed it. A good many people performed the pious act in thousands of people, who can scarcely move its ponderous our presence. There was a large number of side chapels dedicated to weight, the happy pair being seated inside, carefully bound down various saints, and tombs of the Popes. One of these tombs was for by ropes to keep them from falling, and surrounded by Brahmins.

James III., the Pretender, who died at Rome. All the pillars and tombs, The great festival at Sangaranayanarkoil is similar in character,

as well as the pavement, were constructed of white marble, and the roof

was a gorgeous one, full of mosaics. A service was going on at the time only there is acted there a quarrel between the god and goddess, in one of the side chapels, attended by many of the clergy in their canontheir separation, and, after an interval of time, their reconciliation. icals. The singing by the choir and the solo by one of them were very Happy were it for the poor heathen if nothing more defiling than charming indeed, these senseless puerilities were acted at these annual gatherings. sights. We saw the scalı, Santa or “ Holy Staircase,” of the Governor's

On the following day Dr. Nevin kindly took us both to see some more In thinking over the matter for many years I conclude that the house. The steps are twenty-eight in number, and it is affirmed to have worship of the heathen, with some few exceptions, and their belonged to the house of the Roman Governor, Pontius Pilate. They are offerings to particular gods, have no reference whatever to sin. considered holy in consequence of the supposed passage of our Lord to To get something for their earthly comfort, rain for instance, judgment. We saw some people paying their fees or offerings to a man at after weeks of drought; to avert some threatening evil, as

the entrance in charge of a purseful of money, and ascending the steps on cholera, is all they aim at. They will perform a long pilgrimage the effect that every time these steps are ascended by a devout worshipper

their knees, muttering a prayer. There was a notice put up close by to to a temple, make costly offerings, undergo privations, at the he could ensure a dispensation for nine years

. This is very like the sale bidding of a priest; but it is—to have a son ! A catechist met

of Indulgences by Tetzel. O Rome ! how hast thou broadened the nara poor woman returning from a sacred spot; she had given her

row path which leadeth to life! And what difference is there between all for some holy water to give sight to her blind child.

thy teaching and that of my own heathen country of India as regards

Punya or human merit ! Believing that their gods have been guilty themselves of every We next visited St. John Lateran, the Pope's metropolitan church, kind of wickedness, it is not likely either that they should think or, in Roman usage, the “mother and head of all the churches of the of sin as sin, or should go to them to be pardoned and delivered city and the world," where the famous Lateran Councils were held, from it.

regarded by Rome as Ecumenical. The Pope after coronation comes in procession and takes possession of this church, and on certain festival

occasions stands on the balcony over the portico of this church and blesses MISSIONARY HYMN-BOOK FOR CHILDREN.--An old and active friend

the entire world. I do not know whether this universal benediction on

the part of His Holiness means much, when from this very spot there of the Society at Bristol has prepared a little book of “Missionary Hymns have proceeded from his predecessors so many anathemas and instruments for Juvenile Meetings,"containing eighty-nine well-selected hymns. It is published by Nisbet & Co., price, in stiff covers, 2d.; in cloth, 3d.

of torture against many excellent of the earth.”

We then drove down to the Coliseum, & spacious building, generally

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