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them he showed a warmth and genuineness of affection which was extra

NEWS FROM HAKODATE. ordinary, as coming from one whose religion inculcates a by no means conciliatory spirit towards Christians. He is a man somewhat above the

ROM this remotest station in the far East, on the island of Yezo, middle stature, much inclined to obesity, of a very pleasing countenance,

the northernmost of the four large islands forming the empire of and keen powers of observation. The Nupe, Hausa, Foulah, and Yoruba Japan, the Rev. J. Williams writes to the Editor as follows :languages are equally familiar to him.

Hakodate, 13th Nov., 1877. The usual preliminaries having been gone through, Mr. J. Crowther It may interest some of the readers of the GLEANER to whom the addressed the king on the subject of trade, and produced a few pieces of writer is personally known to hear something about the progress of the cloth, extremely beautiful, which he offered to the king, as the annual Master's work in this far-off place-far-off indeed, for we could not go dash or present from the firm which he represented. The cloth was very much further. Indeed, if we were to try to do so we should actually be much admired. The king thanked him again and again.

drawing nearer to England, instead of going further away. But we The Bishop followed, but before bringing out his presents, he introduced have no desire to go further away from, or to draw nearer to, dear friends me in a formal speech, and told the king the object of my visit to his in the old country. Not that we have forgotten them or love them less country. He was informed that I could read and speak the Arabic than in days of yore, but as our work lies here, and we are very happy in language, at which the king was greatly surprised. When he was further it, we have no wish to leave it. Besides, we feel that we can never go told that in order to do this I was sent to the East, and that I visited

beyond the reach of the prayers of Christian friends in England. Egypt, and was two years in El Kuds (Jerusalem), more surprise was Mrs. Williams and myself have both been sticking close to the language, expressed. But the climax was reached when the Bishop said that I was a and though we have much, very much, to learn, yet we do not feel so hopenative of this part of Africa, as my father came from Ilorin, where also lessly at sea as when Mr. Dening left us; we have been struggling on my grandmother died last year. The king stared. It provoked a smile as best we could, and, blessed be God, He has not left us without the help to see the marks of astonishment standing

out in bold relief on his ample of His presence and the comfort of His Spirit. I made my first attempt brow. He seemed puzzled to understand what could have been my object at preaching on the 26th August, at our preaching place, and I must say in travelling so far to study the Arabic, being a Christian. The Bishop the hearers were very attentive, and tried hard to make out what I was gently insinuated that it would be well if his co-religionists could try to saying. There were some Buddhist priests present, who seemed to be make themselves acquainted with our books, as we are trying to learn more amused than edified by my remarks. I really do not wonder at it. theirs. He replied mechanically, “ Gaskia, gaskia," " True, true.”.

You will be pleased to hear that within twelve months of my arrival Seizing the opportunity, I produced my copy of the Koran, which he here I have been permitted to admit three Japanese to the visible Church took and examined. That it might serve my purpose, I had had it inter- of Christ by the sacred rite of baptism. One of these was a woman, marleaved, and had made my notes everywhere. The king wanted to know ried to the English constable attached to the Consulate. The other two what my writing meant, and I explained everything to him. He requested were young men of the Samurai class, one of whom is a soldier belonging the Bishop to stop his speech until he had sent for a young man whom he to the detachment stationed in the fort here; and the other had been a attached to himself as being a good Arabic scholar. There being none to soldier, but, being in a consumption, obtained his discharge a short time satisfy him at Bida, he had requested his friend the Sultan of Kano to back. These all received baptism at our evening service on Sunday, send him this young man, who could always read Arabic to and with him. Oct. 28th. The soldier took the name of Daniel, his late comrade that of He came, took up the copy of the Koran, and read on without any hesi- Joseph, and Mrs. Lawrence (the constable's wife) that of Rebecca. tation. His reading was clear, his accent pure, and intonation very Daniel is not ashamed to confess himself a Christian, often talking to pleasing. I complimented him with some Arabic phrases, and the king his fellow-soldiers, and trying to persuade them to become soldiers of the turned round and asked in the same language whether I had understood

He frequently induces some of them to come with him to class, the reading of his chaplain; I replied in the affirmative. He was very and on Sunday marched in at the head of six in full uniform. much pleased. As a specimen of my handwriting, I produced an extract Joseph, I think, cannot live long, and he knows it. I asked him a few from the Gospel of St. Luke, “ Hear, O Israel, the Lord thy God is one days ago if he were afraid to die, and he replied that now he had become Lord: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God," &c. The king read the a disciple of Christ he did not fear death, as heaven lay before him, and if extract fluently, and in a manner which convinced me that he understood he lived long he might only be a burden himself and to others. its meaning. I was greatly impressed by what I perceived of his intellec- Let me request the prayers of the readers of the GLEANER for these tual powers.

and the other converts in connection with our Mission, and for us also, The Bishop then continued and ended his general remarks, and brought that our lives and teaching may be blessed to the edification of those who out one by one the presents which he had chosen for the king. A large do believe, and to the conversion of many who do not believe. arm-chair, made at Kipo Hill, by one of our carpenters, of the wood of the shea-butter tree, was the first present. The king thought that the chair was brought from England. He could hardly credit the fact that A YOUTHFUL NATIVE EVANGELIST IN TINNEVELLY. it was made so very near his own door. After that, half-a-dozen pieces

HE Rev. Henry Schaffter, Principal of the C.M.S. English Instiof brick, burnt at the same Kipo Hill, were also produced, and the Bishop

tution at Palamcottah (a high class school for both Christian and tried to show that it was possible for the king and his people to have improved dwelling-houses if they wished, and also told him that we

heathen Tamil boys), gives a bright account of one of the should be quite ready to teach carpentry and brickmaking to any number

students : of children that the king might send to our establishment. Before we A boy called Pakkiam, of the Matriculation class, and another in a left him he promised to send three.

lower class, feeling their spirits “stirred within them,” set off on a The next thing brought out was a globe. The relative position of preaching tour of five months. They travelled over a large part of South places was pointed out. Russia and Turkey were shown, and the Bishop Travancore, receiving no pay, preaching two or three times a day, either gave some information about the war between the two countries. The in company with the L.M.S. catechists, several of whom gave them food, king said it was all true, and that it confirmed a report which he had or else by themselves. Pakkiam I ought not to call a boy; though very received from the Sultan of Kano, who had heard particulars by the over- young-looking he is more than twenty. He left soon after my arrival, land route.

and on making inquiries I found that he had gone against his parents' Last of all came two splendid rolls of carpet, which exhausted the wishes, who desired him to try for the coming Matriculation. On his Bishop's store. I have no language to express the exquisite satisfaction return I spoke to him, and asked him if he thought it right to go away evinced by the king throughout the proceedings.

contrary to his parents' wishes. His happy face was lit up with such a [N.B.-Mr. Johnson's complete narrative has been just published in a smile when he answered, “Sir, we ought to obey God rather than man. separate form, and can be obtained at the Church Missionary House, price On further inquiries, I found that he was not a disobedient son, and his Sixpence.]

parents were not displeased, but welcomed him home gladly when they knew what he had been occupied in. He is very anxious to devote

himself to preaching the Gospel, and rather reluctantly took a post under A NEGRO ON WAR.

the Government dresser, where, as a kind of apprentice, he learns KING of Yoruba, called Afonja, who reigned about the com- medicine and surgery, receiving Rs. 7 per mensem from Government, mencement of this century, once said, “If I could find out the and will then go up at their charges to the Medical College for further

town where war had its origin, I would call upon my kingdom to training. What decided him to take it was my saying that doctors could help me to make war upon and destroy it, so as to prevent any future speak to men of their souls more easily than, and quite as effectively as, wars ” One of his chiefs replied, “Your Majesty, the town is not catechists or clergy, and that our dear Saviour was a good Physician. unknown, but you cannot venture to attack it.” The king declared that He is a Vellala. Often do I hear his clear voice on Sundays and weekhe would. The chief said, “ The town is the human heart.The king days addressing groups of students in their rooms or on the play-ground, was much moved by the truth of the reply, and, in acknowledgment, on the love of Christ and the duties of Christians. If God spare his life, gave him a handsome tobe (long garment).-(From the Journal of Mr. and he be preserved from spiritual pride, he will grow up to be a most W. S. Allen, Native Catechist, Ibadan, March 13th, 1872.)

earnest preacher, and a pillar in the Native Church.

[graphic][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

PICTURES FROM EAST AFRICA.

narbour has no difficulty in singling it out, as an unmistakable sign

that some civilising Englishman has stolen a march upon him. NOTES BY THE REV. W. S. PRICE.

The head-quarters of the Mission are now at Frere Town, on the No. 9.-The Old Mission House at Mombasa.

mainland, a mile and a half from Mombasa, but the old house must on

no account be given up. The time is coming when it will be found to OME thirty years ago, shortly after Krapf and Rebmann,

be an invaluable possession, and when it will be ocoupied by some zealous the zealous pioneers of missionary enterprise in East Africa, missionary, who will find an open door and ample scope for evangelistic had entered upon their arduous task, they obtained from

efforts among the Arabs and Suahélis of the town and island of Mom basa. the kindly disposed Seyed Said, the then ruler, and father

“ The Lord hasten it in His time.” of the present ruler of Zanzibar, the free grant of an old

house in the town and island of Mombasa. It was a great matter for the missionaries in those trying days to be thus openly recognised by the ruling power, for they had to gain a footing and carry on

BISHOP CROWTHER: HIS LIFE AND WORK. their work amongst a fanatical people, who thought little of the sanctity of human life, especially in the case of foreigners coming to propagate a

IV.—THE MISSIONARY TO HIS OWN COUNTRYMEN. new religion : but who could venture to lift a hand against the men

ATURDAY, December 2nd, 1843, was a great day in Sierra whom the king delighted to honor ? Independently of this, the house

Leone. On that day the “black man who had been actually was a great boon to the missionaries. It afforded them a valuable base of

crowned a minister” disembarked from the ship which had operations in the chief town on the coast, and a sanatorium to which the

conveyed him from England, welcomed by hundreds of fever-stricken brethren might, when needful, escape from the malarious

those who, like himself, were liberated and evangelised mists of the Wanika country, and woo back health and strength under

slaves. The next day, Sunday, the Reverend Samuel the more genial influences of sea-air.

Crowther preached to an immense congregation of Negro Christians, Rebmann made Kisulutini his home and centre of work, but every from the words, “And yet there is room," and afterwards administered year he found it convenient to spend a few months in the Mission House the Lord's Supper to a large number of communicants. That evening he at Mombasa.

penned these words :It possesses some historical interest, having belonged originally to the Dec. 3rd.—Preached my first sermon in Africa. . . . The novelty of seeing Mazrui princes, the former rulers of Mombasa, who were dispossessed a Native clergyman performing Divine service excited a very great interest by Seyed Said ; whilst in 1825 it was occupied by Captain Owen's party, among all who were present. But the question, Who maketh thee to differ? when that officer, at the invitation of the Mazruis, took possession of filled me with shame and confusion of face. It pleases the Disposer of all the town and fort of Mombasa in the name of the King of England, and hearts to give me favour in the sight of the people. Wherever I go they when for twelve months, pending instructions from home, the British

welcome me as a messenger of Christ. ensign floated over the old stronghold.

The English language, as we have before observed, had necessarily beHaving, like all East African buildings, a weak constitution, it presently come the “ vulgar tongue” of a colony recruited from scores of different fell into decay, and so on our arrival in 1874 we found the Rev. T. tribes having no common speech. It was taught in the schools and used Sparshott busily occupied in its restoration. He had no easy task. It in the churches; and the children born to the liberated Africans grew up was making brick without_straw. Materials were hard to get, and an English-speaking race. In English, therefore, Samuel Crowther's first skilled labour harder still. For the latter he had to depend upon a few sermon was preached; but he had not forgotten his native Yoruba, and, rude craftsmen,

such as he could muster from among the slave population soon after his arrival, he began a service in that language for those of the of Mombasa. By dint, however, of close personal supervision, which in more recently rescued slaves whose vernacular it was. At the first serEast Africa means very hard work, he had made good progress, but vice, at the conclusion of the blessing, the whole church rang with the circumstances obliged him to leave the work in an unfinished state. cry of Ke oh sheh—“So let it be!” And every Tuesday evening a con

Our first picture is from a photograph, representing the condition of gregation of Yoruba people gathered round the black clergyman to the house and its surroundings when it came into our hands, and when “ hear in their own tongue wherein they were born the wonderful works my wife and I took up our abode in it in July, 1875. Inside and outside of God.” But that mother-tongue was soon to become, for many years, were much on a par, and it would have gone sorely against the conscience the language of his life and work. of the most sanguine auctioneer to describe it as "a

desirable residence." The Yoruba-speaking tribes, comprising a population as large as that In completing the restoration we had the advantage of skilled artizans of Scotland, had suffered more than any other from the West African from Bombay, under the direction of two English mechanics, and owing Slave-trade. The whole country inland from what used to be called the to their combined efforts the house, a few months later, had assumed the Slave Coast had been devastated by the men-stealing wars. In the Egba more respectable appearance which is shown in our second picture. It territory alone three hundred towns had been destroyed, very much is now a tolerably commodious house, with no pretensions certainly to in the way described in our first chapter. About the time that little architectural beauty, yet presenting almost a grand appearance in contrast Adjai was kidnapped at Oshogun, the scattered Egbas began to gather with the squalid Suahéli habitations by which it is surrounded. It together again. The refugees from no less than 145 ruined towns comoccupies a commanding site, and a stranger entering the beautiful bined for mutual protection, and around a high rock called Olumo (a picture of which we give at page 43) there sprang up a great city, four from that time to this, has always remained one of the most barren of miles in diameter within the walls, and peopled with 100,000 souls, to mission fields. which they gave the name of Abe-okuta, or Under-stone. In course of A good part of Mr. Crowther's time at Badagry was occupied in transtime the news reached Sierra Leone; and about 1838 some of the libe- lating the Scriptures into Yoruba; but of this we shall say more hereafter. rated Yoruba slaves began to make their way back to their native land. At length the way was made clear for their proceeding to Abeokuta, The first to go were of those who were still idolaters, and they went and that in a very remarkable manner. A notorious slave-dealer at Porto avowedly to get away from their Christian neighbours; but some of the Novo, named Domingo, finding his traffic in human flesh much impeded latter soon followed, and a regular trade sprang up between Sierra Leone by the tribal wars, sent an embassy with £200 worth of presents to the and Badagry, then the port of the Yoruba country. The Christian emi- Abeokuta chiefs, asking them to open the road, and promising to supply grants (if we may so term those who were really going home) petitioned the best cloth, tobacco, and rum in exchange for slaves. But with this that a missionary might be sent to Abeokuta to minister among them; embassy the missionaries contrived to send a trusty messenger to Sagbua. and this petition was the origin of the Yoruba Mission.

Domingo's bait took; the road was opened, and a letter from Sagbua inA preliminary visit was paid to Abeokuta by Mr. Townsend, then a vited the "white men” to come up immediately. Thus the slave-dealer missionary of some years stand

unwittingly cleared the way ing at Sierra Leone, and after

for the Gospel of liberty. wards a labourer in the Yoruba

On August 3rd, 1816, TownMission for thirty-three years.

send and Crowther entered He was warmly received by the

Abeokuta, amid the heartiest principal chief, Shodeke, and

manifestations of welcome, not returned to England with a

only from the Christian Sierra most favourable report ; and he

Leone people already settled and Mr. Gollmer, with Samuel

there, but from the population Crowther, were commissioned

generally, and particularly from to begin the new Mission.

Sagbua. At a formal reception On Dec. 18th, 1844, these

the chiefs joined in expressing three brethren, with their wives,

gratitude to the English for and four Christian Yorubas as

saving their enslaved countrycatechists, interpreters, and me

men, promised due attention to chanics, sailed from Sierra

“the words brought to them,” Leone. Mrs. Crowther took

and volunteered that “all Abeowith them her two youngest

kuta” should join in erecting children, one of whom, Dande

any buildings required. son Coates Crowther, then fif

Before Mr. Crowther had teen months old, has just been

been three weeks in Abeokuta, appointed Archdeacon of the

a most touching event occurred. Lower Niger. The West

On August 21st he met his African Steam Navigation

mother, after a separation of a Company's regular line of

quarter of a century. The passteamers, which now brings to

sage from his journal relating Liverpool a weekly mail from

it has been printed many times, all the stations along the coast,

but it must not be omitted was then a thing unthought

here: of; and it was regarded as a

Aug. 21.-The text for this day, specially providential circum

in the Christian Almanack, is, stance that an American vessel

Thou art the helper of the fatherwhich could be engaged to

less. I have never felt the force convey the party was lying off

of this text more than I did this Sierra Leone when they were

day, as I have to relate that my ready to sail. And the voyage

mother, from whom I was torn

away about five and twenty years to Badagry, which can now be

ago, came with my brother in done in five or six days, took

quest of me. When she saw me them a month. They landed

she trembled. She could not beJan. 17th, 1845.

lieve her own eyes. We grasped A serious disappointment

one another, looking at each met them at the outset. A day

other with silence and great or two after their arrival, the

astonishment: big tears rolled

down her emaciated cheeks. A news came that Shodeke, the

great number of people soon came friendly chief of Abeokuta, was

together. She trembled as she dead; and although, soon after

held me by the hand, and called wards, a kindly message came

me by the familiar names by from his successor, Sagbua, the

which I well remembered I used disturbed state of the country

to be called by my grandmother, caused their detention at Bada

who has since died in slavery. gry for eighteen long months.

We could not say much, but sat

still, and cast now and then an They were not idle, however. The Gospel was

affectionate look at one another diligently ONE OF THE YORUBA CHIEFS (AKASHE OF OSHIELLE) WHEN THE

- a look which violence and oppreached to all within their

MISSION WAS BEGUN.

pression have long checked-an reach, and Mr. Crowther's

affection which had nearly been journals in particular are very

extinguished by the long space of interesting. One of the first steps taken was to visit a war-camp of the twenty-five years. My two sisters, who were captured with us, are both with Abeokuta chiefs not far from the coast ; and on January 30th Crowther my mother, who takes care of them and her grandchildren in a small town not delivered in their presence his first evangelistic address in the Yoruba far from

hence, called Abàkà. Thus unsought for-after all search for me had country, basing his appeal to them on St. Paul's sermon at Athens. In his

failed-God has brought us together again, and turned our sorrow into joy. efforts for the good of the Badagry people, he showed his usual practical Afala—for that was her name—had been in slavery herself more than good sense by teaching them to cultivate farms and gardens, and within once, though not "exported”; and her two daughters had redeemed her. twelve months extensive plantations were the result. Sir T. F. Buxton She had long since given up all hope of ever seeing her son Adjai again. (then lately dead) had given

him money to spend for the material improve- Soon after the meeting, the daughters, with their husbands and four ment of the Africans; and with it he gave away in the first year 150 prizes children, were made slaves—their town, Abàkà, being destroyed by to successful cultivators. He also taught them to use a corn-mill, which a hostile tribe; and now Samuel Crowther had the happiness of ranhe had purchased in England out of the same fund. The people soon soming his two sisters, one brother-in-law (the other died in bondage), learned the difference between the slave-dealers and the missionaries, but and four little nieces. His mother was placed under Mr. Townsend's no immediate spiritual fruits appeared ; and Badagry, though occupied Christian instructions; and she became one of the first-fruits of the Abeokuta Mission, being baptized, after due probation, February 6th,

[graphic]

EPITOME OF MISSIONARY NEWS. 1848, by the name of Hannah, the mother of Samuel. That aged mother is still alive.

The C.M.S. is receiving the special gifts of its friends towards the relief of the sufferers by the terrible famine in North China. The fund

will be administered by the Revs. W. H. Collins and W. Brereton, of OUTLINE MISSIONARY LESSONS.

Peking.

The Rev. C. C. Fenn and Mr. E. Hutchinson, as representatives of the For the Use of Sunday School Teachers.

C.M S., attended the funeral of the eminent Scotch missionary, Dr. Duff,

at Edinburgh, on February 18th. [The GLEANER having been adopted as a localised Parochial Magazine The Rev. Arthur Lewis, B.A., late Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford, for several of the churches at Cambridge, a request was received a short has offered himself to the Society for missionary work in the Punjab, and time ago, signed by nine of the Cambridge clergy, for a series of sketches of has been accepted. missionary lessons and addresses for occasional use in Sunday-schools. The Rev. H. P. Parker, B.A., of Trinity College, Cambridge, has Arrangements have been made accordingly to give some from time to time. offered himself to the Society, and has been appointed Joint Secretary to The following is designed as an entire lesson. Others of shorter length will the Calcutta Corresponding Committee, to assist at the Old Church in follow, as outline addresses.]

that city.

The Rev. T. P. Hughes, of Peshawar, is in England for six months, but I.-THE BESIEGED CITY.

returns to India (D.V.) in the autumn. 2 Kings vi. 24–33; vii.

The Rev. W.T. Satthianâdan, Native Pastor of Trinity Church, has been BESIEGED city-Sebastopol, Paris, Plevna--what has it invited by the Committee to visit this country. He will be accompanied to fear? (1) Enemy outside ; (2) Famine inside.

by Mrs. Satthianâdan. We give their portraits on another page. In Scripture several sieges mentioned : Jericho (Josh. Captain Russell, having been very ill after his wife's death at Frere vi. 1), Abel (2 Sam. xx. 15), Rabbah (2 Sam. xi, 1, xii. Town, has returned to Europe. Mr. J. R. Streeter has taken his place 26—29), Samaria (2 Kings xvii. 5), Jerusalem (2 Kings as Lay Superintendent.

xxiv. 1–3). Great siege of Jerusalem predicted (Deut. On New Year's Day the Bishop of Calcutta ordained Mr. Katwari xxviii. 49—57). Look at one siege, an earlier one of Samaria (2 Kings Lall, late a student at the Lahore Divinity College, to the pastorate of the vi. 24—33).

Native congregation at Agra. I. THINK OF THE PEOPLE IN SAMARIA.

The Rev. W. Clark, of Ceylon, has come home to confer with the (a) were ready to perish. How? Strong walls-brave soldiers

Committee on some of the questions still pending in that Mission ; and to guard them-Syrians could not get in. No, but nothing to eat-all

his health being much impaired, he will remain in England for the present. gone-glad to eat things not fit to eat-could not even get these without

Since January let the following missionaries have sailed for their paying great price. Imagine the thin, pale faces, the sinking hearts.

respective stations :—the Revs. T. R. Wade and H. D. Williamson, for [Picture out.] Plenty of food outside ? Yes, but if went out to get it,

North India ; Rev. A. H. Arden, for the Telugu Mission; Rev. S. Coles, for Syrians kill. See chap. vii. 3, 4—if stay in must die, if go out must die.

Ceylon ; Rev. W. Dening, for Japan; Mr. J. R. Streeter, for East Africa.

We regret to announce the death of another of the C.M.S. Native (6) God had made a way to save them. Look at those four lepers going out in the dusk-whither ?-why? What do they find ? Empty camp

clergy, the Rev. T. B. Macaulay of Lagos. He was born in Sierra -tents all there, horses, asses, but not one soldier-and food and money

Leone, received part of his education in England, became a teacher at in abundance ! [Picture out.] How was that ? Ver. 6, 7—“the Lord's

Abeokuta in the early days of the Yoruba Mission, and was ordained there

by Bishop Vidal of Sierra Leone in 1854. In 1859 he established the doing.” (Ps. cxviii. 23). Enemy scattered-food for the starving—a full salvation !

Lagos Grammar School, which he conducted with ability and success for (c) But they knew it not. Had not God told them ? Yes, He had,

nineteen years. He died of small-pox on January 17th. His widow is a

ugh and they would not believe it, ver. 1, 2. And there they were, terrified,

of Bishop Crowther. anxious, dying, when there was nothing to fear, and plenty to eat.

A reinforcement for the Nyanza Mission is just starting for East Africa, (a) At last those who found it out told the rest. Early in the morning consisting of Mr. G. Sneath, a teacher and carpenter

, Mr. C. Stokes, a lay a knocking at the gate-see what followed, ver. 9–16. Why did those

evangelist, and Mr. W. S. Penrose, au engine-fitter. Mr. Sneath went out lepers come and tell ? How selfish and wicked if they had not! See

last year, but was sent home by Dr. Robb invalided, and was wrecked en what they thought, ver. 9—“We do not well : this day is a day of good

route in the European off Ushant. He now returns to Africa with

renewed health and undiminished zeal. tidings, and we hold our peace.” So they came, and saved a whole city.

At the end of the year Mr. Mackay, and the young carpenter II. THINK OF THE PEOPLE IN HEATHEN LANDS now.

associated with him, Mr. Tytherleigh, were engaged in driving a train of Multitudes in Africa, India, China, &c., like the people in Samaria, bullock-carts up to Mpwapwa, by the rough road constructed by Mr. only misery far greater, danger far greater.

Mackay in the summer. Heavy rains, however, were much obstructing 1. They are ready to perish. (a) Starving. Not bodies, but souls. their progress. The party to be stationed at Mpwapwa, consisting of Dr. What mean? Soul miserable, never satisfied, never happy. They try Baxter, Mr. Last, Mr. Copplestone, and Mr. Henry, were also on the way. [illust.-—“Cry from Yoruba Town," GLEANER, Nov., 1877, p. 129; Hindu Bishop Crowther's steamer, the Henry Venn, after leaving Falmouth, faquir, p. 26 of last number] ; but all in vain. Soul can't get peace that was forced to put back into that port by stress of weather. H.M.S. gunway. [Ilust.Could you live on grass, like sheep and cattle ? Your boat Forester, Captain Dennis, which has been appointed to the West body different, needs other food. So with soul.] (b) Beset by foes—the Coast of Africa, had also taken refuge in Falmouth Harbour; and she has devil and his angels. Satan tries hard to hinder their getting food for been instructed by the Admiralty to accompany the Henry Venn, which soul. See 1 Thess. ii. 18—“We would have come to you, even I Paul, is a light craft to brave Atlantic gales, and see her safe to her destination. once and again, but Satan hindered us."

Bishop Russell has sent an interesting account of the first meeting, in 2. God has made a way to save them. (a) From starvation. Jesus the

February, 1877, of the Ningpo Native Church Council, which was attended Bread of God, to give life unto the world, John vi. 33, 47–51. This by himself as chairman, two English missionaries, four Chinese clergy, four Bread does satisfy, ver. 35. [Illust.–Story of J- at Osaka, GLEANER, catechists, and twelve lay representatives. The Council has already a June, 1877, p. 68; Last words of Legaic, Juvenile Instructor, 1877, p. 138.] | capital sum of 1,000 dollars in hand, from Native contributions, for Can we afford to buy it? Isa. lv. 1—without money and without price."

Church purposes. (6) From enemy, Jesus came “to destroy works of devil,” 1 John iii. On October 11th Bishop Russell dedicated a new church at Shaou-hing, 8; Heb. ii. 14.

and on November 30th one at Ningpo. There are now nine C.M.S. 3. But they know it not. Millions never heard name of Jesus, e.g., regular churches, seating about 150 persons each, in the Cheh-kiang most of the half-million who died in Indian Famine last year; almost all Province, viz., four at Ningpo, one at Z-ky'i, one at Kwun-hoe-we, two at of those Stanley passed in crossing Africa. [Illust.--Old priest in China, Shaou-hing, and one at Hang-chow; also twenty preaching chapels or just looked forward to "place of punishment, like other people," Juvenile

rooms, holding 50 persons each. Instructor, 1877, p. 110.]

The Rev. Jani Alli has opened his hostel or home for Christian 4. Who shall tell them? It must be those who know : do you know? students at Bombay, on a small scale, for a beginning, but with every But you can't go now-perhaps never-then send others-missionaries.

prospect of enlarged usefulness in the future. How? Money wanted. What does it cost to go to ? [name place] Messrs. Seeley have just published for the C.M.S. The Story of the --how much more to China !–9,000 miles! Yet a farthing from every Cheh-Kiang Mission, by the Rev. A. E. Moule, uniform with The Story child in England would pay for fifty going.

of the Fuh-Kien Mission, But perhaps when told, they won't believe—like people in Samaria. The following pamphlets, price 6d. each, have just been published by Quite true-missionaries often disappointed. Yet some do believe [illust. the C.M.S: The Victoria Nyanza Mission, a short history of the Mis---Old Santal, Juvenile Instructor, 1877, p. 166); and we must go on cry- sion to the present time; A Journey up the Niger, by Archdeacon Henry ing, O taste, and see that the Lord is good !”

Johnson; and A Plea for the Hill-Tribes of India.

THE CHURCH MISSIONARY GLEANER.

MAY, 1878.

not away

MARTYRS FOR AFRICA.

General. There is no longer room for a lingering hope that our “ Men that have hazarded their lives for the Name of our Lord Jesus

dear brethren may be yet alive. The Great Master in His Christ."-Acts xv. 26.

mysterious wisdom has called them to Himself. To them death "What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.” was gain. They have received a crown of glory which fadeth --St. John xiii. 7. “Neither know we what to do; but our eyes are upon Thee.”—

But what of the Mission? The C.M.S. Committee have deeply 2 Chron. xx. 12.

felt the need of Divine guidance. Perplexed” they have AST Africa and Central Africa, like West Africa, are indeed been, like St. Paul; but, like him, “not in despair."

not to be won for Christ without the sacrifice of Not for one moment could the idea be entertained of abandoning precious lives. Within a few months of Dr. Krapf's the enterprise. On the contrary, the graves of our brethren first landing on the coast thirty-four years ago, the must, as Dr. Krapf says, be the Church's stepping-stones in

burial of his wife consecrated the soil, and the carrying the banner of Christ into the heart of Africa. But the solitary widower wrote home that “as the victories of the Church steps to be now taken have been matter for most serious conare gained in stepping over the graves of her members, that sideration. As we write, early in April, no decisive plans have lonely grave was a token of her being summoned to the evan

yet been adopted. But the first thing to be done is to comgelisation of Africa.” And within the past three years, since municate with Mr. Wilson, who is now alone in the heart of Mr. Price went to Mombasa, we have six times been called to Africa, though safe, we trust, under Mtesa’s protection. mourn the loss of brethren and sisters in the East Africa and

When the telegram came, and before the above particulars Victoria Nyanza Missions. In the former, D. S. Remington, were received, three men, Messrs. Sneath, Stokes, and Penrose, Mrs. Streeter, Mrs. Russell; in the latter, James Robertson, were on the point of sailing to reinforce Mr. Mackay, who is still Dr. John Smith, and now George Shergold Smith and Thomas

not far from the coast. They had to leave before the mail could O'Neill.

arrive, and it was not thought right to keep them back. We On March 19th the following telegram was received :

cannot better indicate the feelings and spirit of the Committee Letters froin Governor of Unyanyembe report Smith and than by giving an extract from the valedictory address delivered O'Neill murdered. Mackay awaits orders.

to them : The mail arrived on April 1st, but the letters addressed to When the Committee first undertook the Nyanza Mission, it was with the Society contain but little information. Dr. Kirk, however,

a deep sense of the responsibility they were incurring. The consciousH.M. Consul-General at Zanzibar, has communicated further

ness was at that time very present with them that it would be contrary

to all precedent in the history of Christian Missions if such a result were details in a dispatch to the Foreign Office, from which the

achieved as the planting of the Gospel in the heart of Africa without an following particulars are gathered.

expenditure of precious lives. From the beginning it has always proved It will be remembered that when Lieutenant Smith and true that “except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth Mr. Wilson went across the Lake to Uganda, Mr. O'Neill

alone.” And the present undertaking has proved no exception to this remained on the Island of Ukerewe to finish the boats and

rule of the kingdom of God.

There are some few who would advocate a surrender of the Nyanza complete the preparations for a final removal. In August, Mission as a useless waste of life and treasure. But such is not the mind Lieutenant Smith, having left Mr. Wilson with King Mtesa, of this Committee-such, they feel sure, is not the mind of the great returned to Ukerewe; and on October 14th, the date of our last body of the Society throughout the country—such, they are persuaded,

is not the mind of Christ Himse!f. letters, he and Mr. O'Neill were nearly ready to leave. It now

The things that have happened, whatever they be, the Committee appears that when they were about to sail, Lukongeh, the king regard not as indications that God would have them abandon the enterof Ukerewe, made a claim on account of the wood which had prise, but rather as intended to try the foundations of their faith; to put been used to complete the dhow, and, to satisfy him, they left to the test the spirit of self-sacrifice; to carry home the conviction that some of their goods behind, in pledge. They then proceeded to the same hardihood, the same courage, the same faith is needed now, and Kagei, on the mainland, to fetch the stores, &c., which had been

must be forthcoming now, as was exhibited in the saints and martyrs of

old. left there in June; but the dhow was wrecked there, and, The Committee trust you have fully counted the cost of the undertaking delaying no longer, they started across the Lake for Uganda in in which you are to take your part. . . . If you are minded to go forth the Daisy. . The winds being contrary, they seem to have for life or death, whichever God may appoint, see to it that your faith and turned back to Ukerewe, where they found the dispute about hope are fixed on God Himself. It is an honour that any noble heart the dhow still pending between Lukongeh and the Arab, brethren, it 'so be they have fallen. Go forward, then, humbly yet con,

might covet, to be the first to step forward to take the place of our fallen Songoro, who had sold it to them.

fidently. Go forward with a sense of the nearness to you of God and Apprehending danger, Songoro asked Lieutenant Smith to eternity, earnestly desiring that self may be crucified, Christ alone live in let the Daisy take his women and children to a neighbouring you, and Christ be glorified in you; earnestly desiring to be deaf to human island for safety; and this unfortunately seems to have been praise, and to seek the honour that cometh from God only.

It is impossible not to be conscious of a cloud over our spirits to-dayregarded by the people of Ukerewe as a signal of war. On the yet is it a cloud which is “big with blessing "; and you, dear brethren, morning of Dec. 7th, they attacked both Lieutenant Smith's men shall find it so, if it is the means of keeping you nearer to God, and of and Songoro's party. The fight, it is said, lasted till the after- causing you step by step to hear His voice saying to you, “Fear thou not, noon, when the ammunition being entirely exhausted, the natives

for I am with thee; be not dismayed, for I am thy God. I will strengthen rushed in and murdered them with their spears.

thee, yea I will help thee, yea I will uphold thee with the right hand of The whole

My righteousness.” party, whites, Arabs, and all their followers, save three men who If only you have grace to rest upon those "I wills” of the great escaped into the brushwood, were killed. Next day the Daisy Jehovah, assuredly, whatever befal you, you shall make your way prosreturned from the other island, when the three men who had perous, and you shall have good success. hidden themselves got away in her, and so escaped to Kagei. Much, very much, might be said upon the heavy loss the They attempted to recover the bodies of Smith, O'Neill, and Mission has sustained by the death of our two brethren ; much Songoro, which were seen lying on the shore, but failed to do so. in the expression of sympathy for Lieutenant Smith's family,

Such is the story as communicated to the British Consul- and for Mr. O'Neill's bereaved wife and children ; much of the

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