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Ano gosend this my sesont that you may come gickly and therefor I pray you

quickly let not this my Serrant come without you 다

And dend Lukonyt, king of of Hagese and Longorá This from me tesaking & uganda

my Salaamto

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FAC-SIMILE OF THE LETTER SENT TO LIEUT. SMITH BY KING MTESA, WRITTEN BY THE BOY MUFTA.

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1 ,

LIEUT. SMITH'S LETTER FROM MTESA'S covered the twenty miles of water separating our building yard from

Ukara. Unsuspecting any hostility we made for a good landing-place CAPITAL.

on the N.E. side of the island, where we hoped to be able to cook the N our last number we gave a brief summary of the news of the

bullock given us by the King of Ukerewe before leaving. Whilst beating into a small bay we heard a singular and musical cry uttered by

the assembled natives, very unlike the war-cry of the mainlander. and their reception by King Mtesa. For the full regular Making our best tack and standing in for the shore, "rock ahead” was despatches we must refer our readers to the C.M. Intelligencer for Feb. reported. I at once put the helm down and luffed up into the wind, so and March. The following is a private letter from Lieut. Smith, not deadening her way, but the keel gently scraped up it. This rock, by published elsewhere. The map in the GLEANER of Jan., 1877, shows the

God's providence, saved our lives, for immediately the natives saw we

could approach no nearer, they commenced shooting arrows, throwing positions of Ukerewe, Ukara, and Mtesa's capital.

stones and spears. We made signs of friendship, and exhibited no Rubaga, Uganda, July 8th, 1877. weapons. This rock was about 25 yards from the shore, and as the crew A stone thrown by a native of the island of Ukara has left me three with one exception had early sought the safety position, we were exposed parts blind, so I must write large. It happened thus : We left Ukerewe, longer than necessary to their missiles. Wilson, the interpreter, and Monday, June 25th, at 9.30, with a fresh breeze from the S.E., and soon one of the crew were struck by arrows, and then the stone came to my

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[The view

THE C.M.S. FLEET ON THE VICTORIA NYANZA. (From a rough Sketch by Lieut. Smith) taken from the building-yardon the island of UI The Daisy" is in the centre, the dhow the left, and the dingy (the

O'Neill) on the right. The land on the right is part of the mainland.]

ear.

eye, almost blinding me from blood. The six extra inches of gunwale heart is good; England is my friend. I have one hand in Uganda, and happily received the spears intended for us. It was a merciful preserva- the other in England.” tion, and I shall ever thank God for putting that rock in our way. The He asked after Queen Victoria, and wished to know which was greatest,

one exception,” Msah, a bowman, sculled the boat's head round, and she or the Khedive of Egypt. The relative size of their dominions was the stiff breeze took us rapidly out of range. Don't blame the natives; explained to him, and referring him to our letter, I said how desirous they gave us warning not to approach by their war-cry, which I mistook England was that his kingdom should be prosperous. for a note of welcome. Doubtless they thought we were come to attack He asked also what he should do if the Turks (i.e., the Egyptians) them. We did not fire, so I hope they may learn we were well-disposed came into his country. I told him that when a robber entered our homes toward them. I noticed one chief endeavouring to stop the men from we turned him out. Politics are so necessarily mixed up with this kingshooting, but it appeared unavailing.

dom that the king's mind is distressed with fear of Moslem revenge, ever I often wondered, looking at it from a sailor's point of view, why since he hoisted his Christian flag, a medley of all colours, certainly Christ was so often called " the Rock," seeing how fatal to mariners rocks suggestive of the universality of Christ's kingdom. North of him he has generally are. It is different now.

the Koran or sword, and south of him the Lake; and he rather thinks The arrows were poisoned, but thick clothing, sucking the wound, and the North wishes to push him into it. a plentiful supply of nitrate of silver, in Wilson's case rendered the poison The evening “baraza” or quiet talk was far more profitable, seated in a innoxious. Wilson drew the arrow out as soon as possible, and a copious side room with a few chief men and a wife. He said, “ There is one word I flow of blood probably brought out with it some of the poison, a very want to say to you. I was afraid to speak it this morning because the deadly one, which on the naked bodies of the natives usually proves fatal. Arabs were present. This is it, 'The Book,' that is all I want.” We told [Mr. Wilson mentions that Lieut. Smith himself sucked the wound, him we had it in English and Arabic, and part in Kisuahili, but we hoped though blinded and covered with blood from his own injury.] The soon to give it him in Kiganda. Then his heart was very good, and he wound was just below the shoulder on the back of the arm.

showed us sites for mission grounds. "I want a church built and A day brought us to the coast of Uganda, and nine hours more to our schools." We said, “When?" He said, “ To-morrow my people shall go halting-place, thirty miles from here. The king sent us bullocks and and bring wood,” &c. He is as good as his word. His people were ready goats and men to carry our goods. We arrived here June 30th ; were to begin work yesterday. Better still, to-day, Sunday, Wilson held a put into neat tiger-grass huts. Deer abundant, and a rich present of short service in the palace, more than a hundred being present. I was cooking utensils, plantains, potatoes, sugar-cane, milk, pombe, and fire- unable to go owing to a slight attack of fever, and the eye, but Wilson wood sent us. Nothing can be bought in way of provisions. This was much pleased; he says the responses (Amens) were hearty. is a central government; an absolute despotic will centres all in Mtesa. The king has some pretty sayings. On giving him the presents (Turkey The king receives all, and gives to whom he will. Yet slavery does not rug, handsome Arab, photos, musical boxes, &c.), I remarked that some exist in name. Chiefs send their sons and daughters to the king, and few little things were lost owing to theft on the way. He replied, “Great they are kept, fed, and worked, but receive no payment.

rivers swallow up small. Now I have seen your faces, I do not look on This was our reception. I could not see, so my report must be that of the presents.”

On we went to the palace by invitation, passed by lines of musket- Executions such as Speke describes have ceased. The drawings in his armed soldiers, cleanly dressed in white, standing with arms at the book are most faithful. [We give one on the preceding page, by per" present," and motionless as a wall. A bugle rang out clearly-our mission of Messrs. W. Blackwood & Son.] call for dinner; and before us marched a drummer beating his drum, and Eye says, you must stop. crying a plaintive y-a-a-a; four gates opened to admit us, and closed behind us—lines of soldiers drawn up between each.

The reception hall is a lofty building 40 feet high, supported by straight GLEANINGS FROM RECENT LETTERS. wooden pillars on each side. It is about 70 feet in length, and the yellow graceful stems of tiger-grass form its walls. Seated on stools were all the chief men ranged round, and the king sat on his throne,

The Late Rev. Matiu Taupaki. a wooden chair at the end. At his back and overhead ran a broad white

HE death of this excellent Maori clergyman, which took band of white, with a deep stripe of black in the centre. His leopard

place on July 11th, was reported in our November numskin was at his feet. All wore rich Turkish costumes, said to be made

ber. The Rev. B. Y. Ashwell, one our oldest New here. The king rose as we entered, and advanced to the edge of his carpet and

Zealand missionaries (he went out in 1835), who was visitshook hands. A fine fellow, over six feet, broad shoulders, and well made;

ing that part of the country (the extreme north) at the grace, dignity, and an absence of affectation in his manner. He motioned time, gives a touching account of him :us to seats. Then five minutes were allowed for drum-beating and July 6th.—I heard that my dear Native brother minister, Matiu looking round. I longed for sight to see. Calling one of our guides, I heard his animated report. Then the

Taupaki, was very ill. He had just returned from carrying a brother

minister for medical advice to Kanchan. Over-exertion at the oar and a Sultan of Zanzibar's letter was read, after which the C.M.S.'s.

sudden chill brought on acute bronchitis. He was in great pain; I It was read in Suabili by a young fellow named Mufta, one of the boys prayed with him, and he afterwards said to me, “God would not send Stanley bad brought with him, and left with the king, at his request, to teach him to read the Bible.* At the first pause, the king ordered a

pain if it were not necessary for us; He loves us too well--and you

know 'God is love.'” “Yes," my reply was, “all His will is love." feu de joie to be fired, and a general rejoicing for the letter ; but at the How universal the feeling of God's children in their estimate of vital end, where it was said that it was the religion of Jesus Christ which was the foundation of England's greatness and happiness, and would be

Christianity, in their view of God's character, and dealing with them! of his kingdom also, he half rose from his seat, called his head musician, language, “God is love,"

What a family likeness (if I may so express myself) in all! The same

, “He so loved us," &c., “All things work Tolé, to him, and ordered a more vigorous rejoicing to be made, and together for good," &c.; and all feel, and many say, of their Lord and desired the interpreter to tell us that this which we heard and saw (for Saviourall the assembly were bowing their heads gently, and noiselessly clapping

“His way was much rougher and darker than mine; their hands, and saying “ Nyanzigfive or six times) was for the name

Did Christ my Lord suffer, and shall I repine ?" of Jesus. This from the centre of Africa, dim as his knowledge may be, I felt cheered with the simple faith of my Native brother. must rejoice the hearts of all Christians.

July 7th.-I again visited him. He was in great pain but in much The king then asked, “Have you seen my flag ? I hoist that flag | peace. He said to me, Christ, my rock and my salvation—no other because I believe in Jesus Christ.” He then told us that two Egyptian name for lost sinners. Oh, speak of Him to my poor people." I then officials had ordered him not to hoist that flag, and that if white men prayed with him. He said, "It is so kind to come and see me." came into his country they would come and kill them.

July 9th.-I again visited him. I now felt sure that he was near his The following

day we went twice. In the morning it was a full court departure ; his breathing was difficult ; he put his hand to his breast and tioned us about Gordon, and rather wanted to bully us into making His precious blood? His spotless righteousness ?” He then whispered, powder and shot, saying, “Now my heart is not good.” We said we “Christ only! in whom we have redemption, through His blood, the came to do as the letter told him, not to make powder and shot; and if forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace.” he wished it we would not stay. He paused for some time, and then July 10th.- I again went to see him. He had been in less pain, and said, "What have you come for-to teach my people to read and slept a little during the night; but with returning daylight came the write ?” We said, “ Yes, and whatever useful arts we and those coming pain and fearful breathing-stiil much peace. I prayed

with him for may know.” Then calling the interpreter, he said, “Tell them now my the last time in the evening. Archdeacon Clarke arrived from Auckland,

and he was with this dear good man in his last moments. * This boy, Mufta, or Dallington Scopion, was brought up in Bishop Steere's Mission School at Zanzibar,

July 12th.—Our dear Christian brother, the Native minister Matiu (Matthew) Taupaki, was buried at Paihia. About 100 Europeans and

season.

100 Natives—200 in all-attended his funeral, a solemn and comforting

THE GOSPEL IN GREAT VALLEY. service. After a lengthened experience in many parts of New Zealand, I can conscientiously say I never met with a Native teacher or minister [The Rev. G. E. Moule writes to us as follows, from Dorchester:-) so universally respected and beloved as Matthew was by Natives and

LETTER received from my brother Arthur at Hang-chow Europeans. A Tamil 6 Walking Concordance,”

contains news which I think you may find interesting

enough to secure it early insertion in the GLEANER, The Rev. Hugh Horsley, of North Tinnevelly, thus writes respecting the Native head-master of the Boys' Boarding-school at Sachiapuram :

although I am free to confess you have given China a fair

share of notice during the past year. Our two boarding-schools—one for boys and the other for girls—are

In order to make the contents of his letter intelligible, it will be well quite full, each containing forty children. I am now teaching the highest class of boys two hours a day, when at home. Mrs. Horsley

to prefix an extract or two from a paper he sent me some months ago : takes the girls in some of their subjects. I cannot leave the subject of During the summer and autumn of 1876 one of our catechists (Matboarding-schools without expressing my gratitude to God for the valuable thew Tai, the artist), accompanied by two young men who are preparing help I have in the head-master of the boys' boarding-school. Mutthu, for Church work, made very frequent visits to the suburbs outside the a "pearl," as his name signifies, is no ordinary man. He is remarkable gates, called Peace Gate and Periwinkle Gate After some time, as a few both for his piety and ability. Patient under domestic affliction, he is a persons seemed interested in the Gospel, they begged me to hire a small striking example of the power of the Gospel. His knowledge of the room, in which earnest inquirers ight meet for conversation. The room Bible is also a striking feature in him. The boys declare he is a (hired and fitted up at private cost) was opened last winter, and at first " walking Concordance,” and often go and try to puzzle him regarding no definite fruit appeared to result from it. One day, however, the the whereabouts of a text, and I am told that he seldom fails. His catechists and pupils were reading with me when word was brought that remarkable knowledge of the Bible acts well upon the boys, as it emulates a gentleman from outside the city wanted to see Mr. Tai (Matthew, the them to study the Word for themselves.

artist). After two hours' absence, Matthew returned, bringing the Another point about Mutthu is his eloquence. Although he generally visitor to see me. He was a tall man, six feet high, and he described preaches without even the use of notes, his sermons are always well himself as a schoolmaster, from a district seventy miles to the south of arranged, and delivered with much earnestness and power. Mr. David Hang-chow, who, having business in the city, had left his school under Fenn, on one occasion, after hearing bim, said, “I wish I could go the care of a friend, and was now lodging near our mission-room. Passing straight to Madras and preach that same sermon in the cathedral there." it one day, he noticed the words on our sign, or notice-board, “ HOLY He preaches here every Sunday morning, and it is indeed a pleasure RELIGION OF JESUS,” and asked what they meant. Being directed by to hear him. I may indeed say of him that “I thank my God on every an old woman to my house, he came at once to us, and began, with great remembrance of him," and pray that he may long be spared to this apparent eagerness, to drink in the word of life. place, and be much blessed.

When the man returned to his village, Matthew Tai accompanied him to A Yoruba Woman Saved from “ Oro."

see for himself whether the stranger's account of his circumstances was cor“Oro” is the well-known but mysterious Yoruba custom by which

rect. The latter welcomed the visit, but stipulated that nothing should be order is maintained in the towns. The Rev. James Johnson, during his

said for the present by Matthew about religion, lest the four elder brothers recent visit to Oyo, the Yoruba royal city, was able to save a poor woman

of the inquirer should take alarm. After another visit to Hang-chow,from death on account of her alleged transgression against “ Oro."

He went home, purposing to hide his light again, but God ordered it June 5th was an interestingly sad day; it was in the "Oro"

otherwise. He arrived on Saturday night. Next day, the weather being Oro is the chief instrument of Government. When he is on patrol,

fine, every one was out gathering mulberry leaves for the market, but Tsiu, and his voice is heard in the streets, it is death for any woman, whoever

who stayed at home, reading the Bible in secret. His brothers, hearing she may be, to be seen out of doors or in any position within premises boldly confessed that he was a believer in the Heaven-sent religion of

of his strange idleness, came over on Monday to upbraid him. He now from which she may lay herself open to the charge of having seen him.

Jesus, and that, in obedience to God's command and the custom of the A woman was charged with the crime, and instant execution expected. This is spoken of as a "giving one over to Oro." Markets were dis

religion, he was henceforth to keep one day in seven holy. Then gathering banded, and all women driven to a close and long confinement. The

courage, with constant prayer for the Holy Spirit's help, he began to talk voice of the offended one, as he marched through the streets, was terrible

to his friends. Every day during his three weeks' stay at home people

came to see him. Three of his dreaded brothers came, amongst the rest, as that of a wounded leopard. He demanded the offender, and would wreak his vengeance upon her for high insult and wrong. An awful

to hear. The head of a vegetarian sect declared that he would give up stillness prevailed in some districts; but in the heart of the town, where

all, and become a Christian. Sometimes they sat till midnight, our friend "Oro's" growling was loud and long, men ran to and fro. The husband

reading chapter after chapter of the Bible, and explaining as well as his of the accused woman was wild with grief and surprise.

own brief acquaintance with it would allow. His journal is now before

me, and in it he has noted all the chapters read by him. Some of his It happened to have been a Church meeting-day with us. A few

hearers copied out the Lord's Prayer and grace before and after meals. women had come into our premises before " Oro" took the streets from their sex. We prayed the Lord mercifully to spare the poor woman's

Some learnt by heart a short form of prayer, others the Creed, Lord's life, if it pleased Him. The Jabata, “ Oro’s” chief officer, was out with

Prayer, and Ten Commandments. Every evening four or five, and on his party to apprehend her, and deliver her over to death. But the men

one occasion eleven, persons knelt with him in prayer. of her township, accounting the charge malicious, were determined to From time to time during the six months or more since the narrative fight for her, and defied him when he would cross the threshold of her reached me from which I have been extracting, his letters refer to the house. He was not prepared for this, nor prepared for the death he so work, and always in a way to encourage the hope that it was in the main wantonly desired to visit on a poor weak woman; and, contrary to all

genuine and lasting. In one of them he mentions the fact that in six precedent, and the history of “Oro” in the Yoruba country, he was forced to beat a shameful retreat.

households the idol of the kitchen furnace had been voluntarily displaced Our agent, Leader Thomas, Mr. Doherty, and myself, hastened to the and destroyed. In another, that four or five boys had been expelled from king to entreat him for the poor woman's life, and ask that the sentence the village school, because they refused to conform to idolatrous usages, of death might be commuted for a fine if she should be proved and that it was becoming known in the country round that many in the guilty. As we could not see him, we sent him a message to that effect, village were forsaking the customary worship and embracing the religion telling him, at the same time, that in Christian countries we punish murder only with death. He was very gracious, and assured us the

of the foreigner. But I was by no means prepared for so speedy and so woman should not be killed, though he was opposed by a strong priestly hopeful a gathering of first-fruits as he now tells me of. power. He was not satisfied about her guilt. Our interference and The village in question is called Da-kyien-ky'i (nearly Da-keen-chee), request would be laid before his court, and he said it would much help which for convenience I will render Great Valley Stream or Great Valley. him. He at last prevailed, and had the sentence of death commuted for a fine of five bags of cowries (50s.) paid to the “ Oro" priesthood to

It lies among the mountains, some seventy miles south or south-west of satisfy them. It suprised many, and well it might, for who had ever

Hang-chow, on the right bank of the river, in the district (Heen) of heard of a woman publicly accused of seeing “Oro," be the charge true

Chu-ki. My brother writes (date October 8) or false, escaping death, and the Jabata returing home as empty-handed The work at "Great Valley” has thus far through God's great mercy as he had gone out? We regard it a gracious answer to prayer, and are disappointed all our fears. I trust it is of Him, and will stand. Hearing thankful for it. The king was very grateful, and sent specially to thank through the summer a good account, I promised to go in September, us. This, if I mistake not, has a little discredited “ Oro," and weakened and baptize on the spot any who might be sufficiently prepared, instead his power in the Yoruba capital.

of having them up here. The inquirer (Tsiu) who has been the means

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of awakening so many was baptized here (Hang-chow) on September 2nd. spoke long on the Sabbath from the Evening Lesson (St. Luke vi. 1—20), He went home at once and prepared the inquirers.

in connection with Creation and Redemption. Some grumbling occurred We started Oct. 1st, and reached Chu-ki next day at 3.10 P.M., very hot from an opium-smoking brother of a candidate : “Well,” said he, “my and tired, and after selling many tracts on the great bridge, we started brother is going to join you, but I won't.” in three chairs (sedans) for the other fifteen or sixteen miles. At 9.30 we On Thursday, Oct. 4th, I rose early, and had special prayer. Soon reached Li-p’u, a town about five miles from our object. Here inquiries Matthew Tai appeared, anxious. There were rumours of a feast at midwere made as to the Christian's house at Great Valley. “Oh,” said one, night, and of plots to defeat the foreigner. M. T. and others went out “we have heard of that man; about thirty or forty people are following to reconnoitre, and soon came back, saying that one candidate had been him.” No one however could direct us to his house, so we slept at Li-p'u, decoyed home by his father, and tied up to prevent his baptism. I could in a queer place, partly open to the sky, upon two tables. At dawn I was not wait, and at 8 A.M. we held service in the hall. Just as I began, in up, and by 7.30 A.M. we reached Great Valley.

ran the escaped son, looking so pleased. The neighbours had interceded, After a good wash and breakfast in the upper room rented by the and got him released ; and the father himself was outside the hall when Christians (i.e., catechumens) as a school-room and chapel, I began we finished, and I had a word with him. It was a solemn service. Oh, work, and from 9.30 till 4 P.M. I was engaged in questioning the candi- may it have been owned and ratified in Heaven ! and may the inward dates, and hearing them repeat what they had learnt. Some knew the and spiritual grace accompany the baptized to the end ! whole Catechism,

and all had a remarkable amount of Christian knowledge, and apparently earnest, hearty faith. There were nine men, five

In a subsequent letter, dated 27th October, my brother gives some women, two boys, and two infants accepted. The men were the three

further information: elder brothers of Tsiu (whom he so feared last April), their three cousins I have just returned from a trip into the country. In the boat, on the father's side, à maternal cousin, and two young men of other Matthew Tai read to me a very long letter just received from Luke Tsiu, families. The women were Tsiu's wife and sister, his second brother's the leader of the band of twenty Christians, old and young, at Great wife, and the mother and the wife of one of the cousins. The boys were Valley. I had not heard of them for nearly three weeks since their the two eldest children, and the infants the youngest children of Tsiu baptism, and was rather anxious. It now appears that, on the occasion and his fourth brother respectively. One of the adult candidates has a of one of their great feasts—the 9th day of the 9th month—the gentry fierce father, who hates his earnest efforts to keep holy the Lord's Day, and headmen of the village held a council of war; and sent the village and another has an uncle, who wishes to compel his taking part in ancestral constable to summon Luke before them. He declined to go down, telling feasts ; but both seem firm in their resolve.

the constable that, as he was guilty of no crime, he could not be sumOne of the women has a bad temper, and we hesitated long in her case. moned in that way. Then two leading members of the clan came up, She spoke with singular earnestness, admitting her fault, and not in the and, with angry threats, ordered him to come. He still refused; "but, least objecting to its discussion, but asking minutely how far anger might said he, "if you, sirs, wish to hear this doctrine, suppose you come to me, go without sin. “May I cry if I am vexed ?_May I holloa at the to our upper room. They actually went, more than twenty of them children if they are naughty ? I do pray for the Holy Spirit's help!” I filling the room. They then, through a scholarly spokesman, attacked could not reject her, and she came very happily, with her eldest boy and Luke; first, as to the unity of the Deity, and then as to Confucius and her baby. She repeated her lesson very well, and is very intelligent. the Lord Jesus—their respective claims on a Chinaman’s reverence. Luke

At 4 P.M. we went for a walk, and, to the astonishment of the people, gives Matthew Tai his arguments, which seem to have been both bold climbed the highest peak in the neighbourhood--about 1,800 feet high, Í and good. He used his Bible well; and he says that, before his opponents fancy-and with a grand view. We prayed (Sedgwick and I) on the top for came, he knelt and prayed specially for the Holy Spirit's guidance. He “Great Valley Stream" lying at our feet. At night we had prayers in also showed them the Toleration Articles of the Treaty. the family hall, lent for the purpose. About 150 people were present. I Upon this they said : “ Well, at all events you have joined the

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