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In September last, Frere Town was visited by Bishop Royston Giriama people. The whole service was most devoutly attended to, and of Mauritius, who writes :
the responses and hymns very hearty and melodious.
Altogether it was a day to be much remembered by us all-certainly And now we were at Mombasa, the place whose noble missionaries, by myself. I would willingly, had my duties in Mauritius not forbidden Krapf and Rebmann, made me long, when I first offered myself to the it, have remained some weeks in this interesting and promising Mission, Society, to be allowed to join them in their work. How little I thought the visit to which has filled my heart with gratitude to God. I can of ever visiting it in present circumstances, and of seeing and hearing quite understand the proverb that those who have drunk African water what I was privileged to see and hear! You will often have heard of the must taste it again. great beauty of the scenery—the beautiful creek affording a splendid harbour inside the island which you pass to the left; the sloping and now
It was a sore trial to Mr. Streeter to go the second time to well occupied land of Frere Town facing you; the ferry-boat, carrying a
East Africa last January, after his wife was, in God's mysterious constant succession of Wanikas and other mainland dwellers to the mar- providence, taken from him, and to leave behind his four little ket of this fortified old town, who, with their bows and arrows and motherless children. But though the sowing has been in tears, burdens of produce, are ever passing through this Christian village, there is already, as we see, some reaping in joy—a pledge, we seeing, one trusts, and hearing too, much which will at least conciliate them for future intercourse. On the left, as we anchored, was Mr.
are assured, of a rich harvest in God's good time. Lamb's beautiful up-stair house, with its surrounding of the most magnificent mango trees which I have ever seen; in front, three other houses (at present occupied by Messrs. Streeter, Handford, and Harris), ORDINATION AT MOOSE FACTORY OF A and many thatched buildings of various shapes and dimensions. Still further round to the left spread the beautiful creek, winding its way
MISSIONARY TO THE ESQUIMAUX. navigably for some ten or more miles inland. On the beach itself was the
WICE in the year Moose Factory, usually so quiet, becomes Highland Lassie under the process of outer painting. On the right the
somewhat animated-in August, when the annual ship shore spread on to where Mrs. Krapf and three little infants-her own
arrives from England, and again in February, when the and those of Messrs. Sparshott and Chancellor-lie buried, a precious
long silence is broken by the arrival of our overland post. occupancy, I trust, of the great mainland in days gone by.
At the latter season teams of dogs may be seen coming in Sunday was a busy day. At eight was the Suaheli service for the
from the neighbouring stations, bringing the Hudson's ex-slaves; conducted as to repetition of texts, &c., much as a Tinnevelly Bay Company's officers, who come here to await their letters. It was in service for inquirers at a village station. About 180 were present. I
order that these might have an opportunity of being present that Bishop afterwards addressed them from John viii., “ If therefore the Son shall
Horden fixed Sunday, February 3rd, as the day for the ordination of make you free, ye shall be free indeed,” George David acting as interpreter. Then, again, the Sunday-school at 9.30, taken with loving zeal by
Mr. E. J. Peck-our missionary to the Esquimaux. Mr. Peck came out
here in the summer of 1876, and went at once to Little Whale River-a Mr. Streeter, at whose request I addressed the children and teachers. At
settlement in the Esquimaux country, where he hopes eventually to work. 11 was a service wholly in English, which I took, preaching from Rom. [See GLEANER, June, 1877.] After making the acquaintance of the xii. 1 ; and afterwards administered the Holy Communion to thirty-three people, and acquiring something of their language, he returned to Moose persons, mostly “Bombay” Christians and the Mission agents. The outward conduct at the services was all that could be desired, and through
last summer, and has spent the past winter here in reading with the
Bishop, preparatory to his taking deacon's orders. The ceremony took out the attention was well sustained. From all I hear I think that there
place in our church here on Sunday last, February 3rd. Almost all is more life among the poor people who come from Bombay than was at first manifested. After an early dinner there was a second Sunday-school
our wishes with respect to the day were realised. The visitors we had
expected arrived on the Wednesday, and the Rev. T. Vincent, of Albany, for the children, and at four a Suaheli service for all by the catechist.
on the Friday previously; and the post, which has the effect of greatly On the Tuesday, the Bishop went up with Mr. Streeter to
distracting people's minds, happily delayed till all was over. Add to Kisulutini (Rabbai), where five women and ten children of
this, that the weather was extremely fine, and mild enough for us to leave
our overcoats at home. the Wanika tribe were baptized, one of them the woman referred The service began at 11.0—an early Indian service having been held as to in the last paragraph of Mr. Streeter's letters on the pre- usual in the morning before breakfast. The Bishop's ingenuity had so ceding page. The Bishop says :
arranged the furniture of our little
chancel as easily to accommodate us
all-himself, Rev. T. Vincent, Mr. Peck, and myself. The church, which I never remember seeing a group of Natives so manifestly touched by seats a goodly number, was quite full; indeed, in speaking of the attendthe Spirit of God, or a little assembly in which the presence of the ance afterwards, we could think of only two persons who were absent Saviour seemed more deeply felt. When closely questioned through the without good cause. As soon as the voluntary had ended, the 100th catechist, they all, in individual but common sentiments, and with most Psalm was given out, and sung
with great spirit, Miss Horden leading evident sincerity, confessed their deep conviction of sin, their earnest at the harmonium. Then the Bishop went at once to the pulpit, and trust in the Saviour, of whom they had now long heard, and of whose preached an excellent sermon on 2 Tim. iv. 2, “Preach the Word.” work and words they had been well instructed, and of whose holy faith After calling attention to the character in which St. Paul would have they now earnestly desired to make a public profession.
Timothy to go forth, viz., as a “herald,” he dwelt at some length on On the Friday, the Bishop held a Confirmation at Frere Town ministered.
the signification of " the Word,” and the manner in which it should be
Then, addressing himself more directly to the candidate, he —the first in connection with the East Africa Mission :
remarked on the peouliar features of the work before him :The great bell—hourly struck, near the landing-place and
office, night priceless'souls to be gathered in, there
is nothing to attract you. Pof ice and
“Your home is to be in one of the world's bye-places, where, except the and day, by one of the settlement watchmen-loudly summoned us to the school chapel, which was soon filled with not far short of 400 worship
snow, of storm and tempest, of wild bleak hills and an utterly unproductive pers. The service began with the reception of an excommunicate
soil you will have enongh, and more than enough; and amid those you will member; then a hymn; the baptismal service, when four were baptized ;
have, perhaps, to endure much hardness. Yet I think you are to be envied.
For the missionary should not look so much to his surroundings as to his then the confirmation service, with, I fear, a somewhat long address by prospects in his ministerial work. And yours are glorious! I think there myself to the various classes present, translated by Catechist David, as is no mission in the whole country in which God has more people to be indeed were all the more important passages of the prayers and services
gathered in than in the Mission at Whale River. Long hus the cry been throughout. Then the female candidates, from Frere Town twelve, from
raised, 'Come over and help us’; but it met with a faint response ; an Rabbai thirteen, and Giriama one, were confirmed, followed by the males,
occasional visit was all that could be given . But I longed for a fourteen, eleven, and three, from those stations respectively-in all fifty
shepherd, and at last the noble C.M.S. sent me you to be the Esquimaux's four. The last of those who were confirmed were old Abraham Abe
missionary No people I have ever known or heard of seem more
ready to receive the Gospel than they, more ready to honour the bearer of Gunja, of Rabbai, and his worthy son Isaac, who knelt side by side to Glad Tidings, or to lend him all possible assistance, so as to render his life receive the imposition of hands and the united prayers of pastor and among
them as free from care as circumstances will permit. With the people for their “continuance as Christ's for ever, and daily growth in language you are partially acquainted ; make yourself a thorough master His Holy Spirit until they come to His eternal kingdom.” It was, I
thereof. Be to them a father. Feed them with the milk of the Word ; and think, a moving sight to most of us, and we were full of thanksgiving to
I trust that, by-and-by, you may be enabled to present one of your spiritual Him who had wrought it all.
children as one fitted for, and anxious to become, a teacher of others also. After another hymn, the Communion Service was begun, and, after a
A numerous body of Indians, and a few Europeans and half-castes, are likewise short address to the communicants, the rest of the congregation retired at
entrusted to your care. The soul of each one is equally precious in the sight
of Christ, and must be so in yours. Neglect no opportunity of speaking a the end of the prayer for the militant Church of Christ. Some sixty word for Christ. Think it no less important to speak to one than to five hundred. remained for the administration, including most of the Rabbai and The deep spiritual sermons in John iii, and iv, were preached in each case to
but one person. Preach the Word to hundreds when you have opportunity. actually refused. For four long hours we (Mr. and Mrs. Stewart and Preach to the single individual as occasion arises. In the house, in the igloe, myself) had to endure the most annoying and abominable conduct from in the tent, in the church, preach the Word."
the ever increasing mob of the lowest villains in the city. We tried to After the hymn, “ The Church's one Foundation,” the Bishop took his humour them, but they evidently were bent on mischief, and we could do seat in front of the Communion table, and the candidate was presented nothing but remain quiet. Ling, the ringleader, came several times and in the usual way to the Rev. T. Vincent. The Bishop having laid his excited the mob, and evidently did not seem pleased that they had hands on the head of the future missionary to the Esquimaux, Mr. Peck abstained so long from mischief. At length, by good humour and coaxthen came inside the rails and read the Gospel.
ing, we succeeded in getting the place comparatively clear and quiet. Thus our poor Esquimaux brethren, who have so long been uttering H.M. Consul now arrived, and toward six o'clock P.M, the mandarins the Macedonian cry, ** Come over and help us," have now the prospect again made their appearance with fifty soldiers and a number of runners. of soon having an ordained minister resident in their midst. It is arranged The work of destruction now commenced—it seemed to us as if under the that Mr. Peck shall still remain here and continue his studies till June sanction and superintendence of the authorities. The whole was done next, when he will (D.V.) receive priest's orders, and then go at once to under the eye of H.M. Consul, who was powerless. The mob now set fire the scene of his future labours. A nice iron church for Mr. Peck's to the college, and pulled down the old girls school. The mandarins Mission (for which, I believe, we are indebted to the kind efforts of made no effort whatever to disperse the mob all this time. The soldiers Miss Wright), is now lying here, and will, we hope, be conveyed to prowled about, but apparently only really to superintend the destruction Whale River by the same vessel in which Mr. Peck himself sails. That of the Mission, God, by His Spirit, may bless him, and make him a blessing, is, I am The work of destruction went on all night long, and we imagined sure, the prayer of us all.
J. H. K.
every hour they would attack us in Mr. Stewart's house. You may be sure it was a most anxious night to us ; but God was with us, and we
are so far preserved. I was wonderfully encouraged by a text on Mr. OUTRAGE ON THE MISSION AT FUH-CHOW. Stewart's wall in the bedroom which caught my eye as I went in to
change_“I will trust and not be afraid.” It looks very hard now, and E regret very much to have to report a most serious
we cannot see the why and the wherefore ; but we will trust and not be outrage perpetrated by the Chinese upon the mis- afraid, and no doubt what we know not now we shall know hereafter. sionaries and mission property at Fuh-Chow. It is a matter for thankfulness that the personal injuries
The next morning at eleven A.M., as we learn from a further
letter, another attack was made on the house of Miss Houston, inflicted are slight; but two of the houses in the compound have been destroyed, and much damage done to two
of the Female Education Society, and the windows were broken.
The ladies and the school-girls, however, managed to escape by others. If our readers will refer to the GLEANER of April, 1876,
a back door into the street, where they were most kindly treated, or to The Story of the Fuh-Kien Mission, p. 13, they will find a
and conducted in safety to Nantai-a fact which fully confirms picture of the U-sich-sang (or Wu-shih-sang, i.e., Black Stone
Mr. Wolfe's statement that neither the outrage nor the hostility Hill), a prominent hill within the city, on which the head
that led to it can be charged against the people generally. quarters of the Mission have always been. Latterly, the premises Almost everywhere
they are friendly, and the only enemies to be have been occupied by the Rev. R. W. and Mrs. Stewart, the
feared are the gentry and their hired ruffians. ladies of the Female Education Society, and some of the Native helpers and students ; Mr. Wolfe and Mr. Lloyd dwelling four Foreign Office, and we doubt not that full reparation will be
A report of the outrage has been made by the Consul to the miles away in the foreign settlement at Nantai, as being more
exacted. But we hope Lord Salisbury will do more than that, convenient for journeys to the country stations. This year a
and make such representations to the Chinese Government as new building has been erected in the grounds, to serve as a college for the Native students; and as the Chinese have a
may secure in reality the religious liberty, and protection for
Native Christians, which were provided for by the Treaty of superstitious fear of tall houses, it was built lower down the hill
Tien-tsin and confirmed by subsequent official proclamations. than the others. No sooner was it finished than a demand was
Meanwhile, let us thank God for the preservation of the lives of made by the mandarins that it should be pulled down. The
our brethren and sisters, and look to Him to overrule all to the British Consul, Mr. Sinclair, appointed August 30th for an
furtherance of the Gospel. examination of the Chinese complaints; and on that day the Prefect of Fuh-Chow and five other mandarins met Mr. Wolfe
P.S.--Since the foregoing was in type, we have received a further and an official of the Consulate at Mr. Stewart's house. It was
letter from Mr. Wolfe, dated September 23rd, which we are sure will while they were together that the attack was made; and Mr.
arouse the sympathy of all our readers, and send them to their knees in
earnest supplication in behalf of our much tried fellow-Christians in the Sinclair himself, arriving some hours afterwards, witnessed the
Fuh-Kien province : destruction of the new building and another one. Mr. Wolfe writes on August 31st :
Our enemies in the country everywhere have promptly taken up the
signal of destruction from their brethren in Foo-Chow, and are threatenAt eleven o'clock A.M, we met at Mr. Stewart's house. The mandarins ing our chapels and churches, and in some instances we bave had warning and a few of the gentry came, accompanied by a mob of about sixty to leave. Our catechists dare not preach publicly, and the private desperate-looking men, and filled Mr. Stewart's house, and behaved in the Christians are subjected to the most cruel wrongs and persecutions. The most violent manner, to the great alarm of the ladies. I requested the most horrible charges are being trumped up against them, and the authorities to order these men away, else we could carry on no quiet con- magistrates show them no justice. Their houses are torn down and their versation or make any settlement as to the points in question. The goods taken away, and, if they complain, they are thrown into prison and mandarins refused, saying they had no power. I then asked my servant beaten with stripes. For example, two Christians of Achia have the to shut and bolt the compound door and keep out others who were coming boldness to confess that they belong to Christ, and cannot take part in or into the house. Two or three of these men brought in by the mandarias support the village idolatry. Their houses are in consequence pulled rushed at me and struck me very severely with their feet and hands on down, their goods taken away, and they are at once charged with the the head and chest. The entire crowd in the verandah of Mr. Stewart's murder of an old man who had died a natural death eleven days prehouse rushed at me. I escaped being killed and very severely hurt by viously, and with whose death they had nothing to do whatever. They nothing less than a miracle. The mandarins stood motionless the whole have been thrown into prison, and the most cruel treatment has been time, though they witnessed this assault. Mr. Stewart was also struck. inflicted upon them to force them to confess that they are guilty. I fear I feel very sore and hurt from this beating.
very much that they will be murdered in the prison, as the magistrate has We now proceeded to examine the ground, and though under the dis- been very forward in persecuting the Church. advantage of the bowling mob and the angry gentry, we succeeded in Christianity is now too widely, and I hope too deeply, rooted in the showing and proving that the opposite party had not a leg to stand upon Fuh-Kien province to be suddenly rooted out. Yet I should fear the on the charge of encroachment which they brought against the Mission. effects of a ruthless and continued persecution on this feeble and infant The evidence was too strong on our side. This rather upset them, and Church. There are noble men in it who would joyfully lay down their they were evidently much enraged.
lives for the sake of the Lord Jesus; but there are many whose faith The mandarins now went off, leaving the violent mob which they had would not, I fear, stand unaffected the ordeal of a long and fierce persecubrought with them in our house and garden. I requested that some tion. Our friends at home have very little idea of the cruelties and Protection should be given us against this rabble. The authorities wrongs to which our poor weak Christians are exposed.
3. LAMENTATION FILLS THE COUNTRY. THEY BEG FOR FOOD
AND SLEEP IN THE OPEN AIR.
THE CHINA FAMINE.
O sadder calamity has
occurred in recent
less to describe it
1. For a time the sufferers could borrow from one another, but this came to an end. Then they killed their ploughing oxen and pawned their implements of agriculture, their coverlets and clothes; and at last they gave up all thoughts of the future, and fell to selling
their furniture and the materials of their houses, and many of their fields, for a mere song, till at last no purchaser could be found.
Think of this, ye who live in high halls and fine houses, and let your hearts move!
2. The glowing sun is in the sky and the locusts cover the ground. There is no green grass in the fields and no smoke of cooking from the houses. They caught rats, or spread their nets for birds, or ground wheatstalks into powder, or kneaded the dry grass into cakes. Alas! what food was this for men ! They were at last reduced to the straits seen in the picture.
Ye who spend large sums every day on your food, will you not give these sufferers a cup of soup ?
3. Everywhere the famine prevails and nowhere can any means of living be found. But while a breath remains who will resign himself to die of famine? They lead their old and support their young, turn their backs on their wells and leave their villages. East or west they go, seeking a resting-place and a mouthful of rice, but in vain. Beneath the curtain of the sky, and on the mat of the ground, the dew is their drink and the wind their food. Multitudes fall a prey to disease and pestilence or faint and die on the way. Alas!
4. There is not much good talk among our learned Confucian scholars of the special recompense of special deeds; but the principle is not to be called in question that the accumulation of good actions leads to superabundant blessing. And this year may afford fresh confirmation of its truth. He whose eyes these pictures shall affect, and whose heart they shall move to manifest his benevolence, helping his neighbours in the day of their calamity, may be sure that he is walking in the way of happiness.
2. THEY STRIP OFF THE BARK OF TREES AND DIG UP THE
GRASS ROOT FOR FOOD.
Independently of the Fund already mentioned, the Church Missionary | W. Brereton, the Society's missionaries at Peking,
distribution. We Society has been entrusted by its own friends with contributions amount- cannot but hope that by God's blessing on the liberality of the English ing to £2,000, and this sum was remitted to the Revs. W. H. Collins and public, a way may be opened for the diffusion of the Bread of Life.
AN APPEAL FROM NAGASAKI.
Victoria, Hong Kong. Mrs. Goodall, who is associated with
Mr. and Mrs. Maundrell in the Mission, writes :-
for some time. It is the principal port of the When the Bishop visited us in 1876, eight Japanese were confirmed.
Nagasaki ; the number who, after very careful preparation, received
Confirmation was fifteen. The service was held in the Mission Church at 60,000 people,—nay, in that whole island,—the Church of
Deshima. It was most interesting and solemn. The Bishop had kindly England has one missionary, the Rev. Herbert Maundrell. studied the service so as to be able to go through most of it in Japanese, Nagasaki was the first place occupied by the C.M.S., the Rev. which made it much more a real service to those confirmed. The churon G. Ensor landing there in 1869. He was succeeded by the Rev.
was open to all who chose to enter, and many Japanese came in and
Another H. Burnside, and Mr. Burnside by Mr. Maundrell.
remained during the whole service. It was also pleasant to see that some
of our neighbours, and officers from some of H.M.'s ships now here, missionary, the Rev. W. Andrews, has lately sailed to join Mr.
were sufficiently interested to be present. The Rev. Mr. Corfe, Chaplain Maundrell. The Japanese Christians attached to the C.M.S. of H.M.S. Audacious, took his place with the Bishop and Mr. MaunMission now number between forty and fifty. Twelve were
drell. The service, of course in Japanese, was exactly the usual one, baptized last Easter Day.
commencing with Morning Prayer. We sang hymns in Japanese, and
concluded with “Thine for ever,” in English, in which those of our In the above picture of Nagasaki, the foreign settlement is in
pupils who were confirmed were quite able to join. The Confirmation was the foreground. The suburb of Deshima is seen across the bay, held on Saturday, June 29th, and on Sunday morning at our usual hour, and the native town lies beyond to the right. If our readers will half-past eight, we assembled for service, when all but one of the newly turn back to the picture of the Mission Church at Deshima in
confirmed, those who were already regular communicants, and the officers the GLEANER of March
whom I mentioned as being at the Confirmation, partook of the Holy and compare it with this one, they
Communion, and if all felt as I did, we were very happy and very thankwill understand better Mr. Maundrell's remarks below. The ful. The increase in the number on this occasion, and the large increase picture below shows
in the number of those us the building in
coming to the Church
services, were observed which dwell the stu
with pleasure by the dents preparing for
Bishop. There certainly work mission
has been a rather reagents. The figures,
markable increase lately beginning from the
in the attendance, espe
cially in the evening, all left, are Midzu Shina,
behaving so properly Stephen, Paul Mu
that we can only disraoka, Mr. Maundrell,
tinguish the believers by Paul Yoshidomi, and
their standing to repeat
the Creed. It does seem John Ko. Some of
to us that a change is these names occur in
working in the minds of a journal of Mr.
the people, for which we Maundrell's printed
ought to be ready. in the GLEANER of
We can now appreSeptember, 1876.
ciate the appeal conIn June last, Naga
tained in the following saki was visited by
letter from Mr. MaunBishop Burdon, of C.M.S. JAPANESE STUDENTS' RESIDENCE, NAGASAKI.
drell to the Editor :