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INCE the GLEANER was commenced in its present

form nearly five years ago, we have not once intro-
duced to our readers the SINDH MISSION. Not
that this Mission alone has remained unnoticed.

Although the continual variety in the fields and departments of labour described in our pages must often be confusing, it is yet literally true that not one-half of the C.M.S. stations have received even a passing notice during these five years. So widely extended is the Society's work.

Sindh is the country south of the Punjab through which the river Indus flows into the Indian Ocean. Like Egypt, it consists of a long strip of very fertile land marking the course of the fertilising river, bounded on either side by bare and sandy deserts. It has a population of 21 millions, three-fourths of whom are Mohammedans, and most of the remainder Hindus. Roughly speaking, it may be said that Sindh, taking area and population into account, is about as large a field of missionary labour as the island of Ceylon ; but how differently have they been treated by the Christian Church! In Ceylon the C.M.S. has a dozen missionaries, and other Protestant societies perhaps



that the two men he writes about may be the precursors of a goodly number of true converts :

Kurrachee, July 8th, 1878. I send you a simple narrative of some recent conversions in our Kurrachee Mission.

The first one is that of a Hindu of good caste and education, a native of Surat, but for several years a resident here. He is at present employed in the Telegraph Department of the Sindh, Punjab, and Delhi Railway on a fair salary. His testimonials of service are excellent. The peculiar feature in this case is that the convert was first seriously influenced in favour of Christianity by one of our old scholars, who is still a Hinduone convinced but not converted. He passed through the usual probation of six months, during which he received regular instruction from me, and was publicly baptized on Easter Sunday. His Christian character since has been humble and consistent, and quite in keeping with the following short but beautiful expression of his faith, prepared by himself, and given to me before baptism :

“I heartily thank God, our Heavenly Father, that He has given us His only begotten Son to redeem us, that whosoever believeth on Him shall not perish, but have life eternal. Consequently, my heart overflows with gratitude to Him who hath redeemed us with His precious blood, and that He hath called me out of darkness into His marvellous light.

"I had been brought up in the midst of idolatry, ignorance, and superstition, until within three years, when, through the study of God's Word, and the kind encouragement and instruction of Christian friends, I felt called upon to


thirty more. In Sindh the C.M.S. is the only society at work, and its missionaries are three in number. Two towns are occupied, viz., Kurrachee (as it is usually spelt; more accurately, Karachi), a great commercial port, second only on the west coast of India to Bombay; and Hyderabad, the ancient capital, where splendid mausoleums mark the last resting place

of the old Amirs. Sindh was conquered for the British by Sir C. Napier in 1843. In 1850, the C.M.S, opened a mission at Kurrachee ; and there the Gospel has been assiduously and earnestly preached ever since. Although there has been no large ingathering of souls, some remarkable conversions have occurred from time to time, and the Christian congregation now numbers 73 souls, of whom 31 are communicants. At Hyderabad there are only a dozen. The missionaries at Kurrachee are the Rev. J. Sheldon, who has been at work there twenty-four years, almost from the beginning, and the Rev. J. Bambridge, sent out two years ago. At Hyderabad, the Rev. G. Shirt has laboured since 1866.

These few lines will serve to introduce the following encouraging letter from Mr. Sheldon. * Our readers will join in the prayer


* The accompanying illustrations of Sindh and its people were sent to the Society some years ago by a former missionary.



(Hindu teacher) break loose from the

blessing him, and folly and wickedness

from that moment of such a course, and to lay hold on Christ

made up bis mind to the Saviour. I felt for

attend the mission some time indifferent

church. No notice to openly embracing

at first was taken of Christianity, but by

his story, but when degrees became aware

his regular attendof my lost condition

ance and devout were I to be struck

manner down in my sins. I

indicated thank God that He put

sincerity, he

was it into my depraved

encouraged to come heart to embrace and

to my New Testahold fast the blessed

ment readings after hope of redemption

the daily morning which He has given

service, and in due us through our Lord Jesus Christ. I am

was placed now assured that to be

upon the list of our out of Christ is to be

inquirers. Diligently out of heaven, and that

and day by day he through Him only

read with me the have we access to the

Gospel story, drinkFather, and it is my

ing in its precious earnest desire to be a

truths, his whole face faithful soldier of the

lighting up as the Cross, ever dependent VIEW FROM THE WINDOWS OF MISSION HOUSE AT KURRACHEE

love of the Saviour on the Lord to grant me grace to love and

grew upon him. In. do Šis will. May the Holy Ghost sanctify and

structing him was a great joy to me, his earnestmake me holy; may my understanding be enlight

ness and sincerity were so clear. He never ened so that I may know more and more of truth

seemed ashamed of acknowledging Christ, spoke until He calls me hence; and, when that time

of Him everywhere, and especially in his own comes, may it please God that I depart fully trust

family. His wife caught his spirit and became ing in His mercy and the efficacy of Christ's death!

as earnest as her husband : indeed, in some "I know it is by faith I am saved, and not by

points her faith was even stronger and clearer my own merits; yet I am assured that a lively

than his. Thus they passed through their profaith should be productive of good works : for, as

bation; and at length, with the joyful consent & good tree bringeth forth good fruit, so should

of the whole Church, they were baptized, and faith bring forth good works.

are now most happy Christians. The Subadar's "I am now desirous of being publicly received

brother and nephew, and his wife's sister, are into Christ's Church, that I may receive the gift

all candidates for baptism, and are under inof the Holy Ghost, and it is my fervent prayer thut

struction. It is a striking fact that these two I may then go on my way rejoicing, trusting only in God's help, and esteeming myself highly

men have been pupils in our mission school, favoured to be called to be a humble follower of

and have a fair acquaintance with Englishthe Lamb."

evidently ready, with one bold enough to lead On Whit-Sunday we had a most joyful day.

the way, to embrace the Christian faith. It is In the presence of a large congregation, and

quite true they are Bheels, and, as such, of lowwith the hearty good wishes and prayers of the

caste standard, according to Hindu notions ; whole Native Church, I baptized a Subadar of


but they have, either by service rendered, as in the police, his wife and child. Kurrachee

the Subadar's case, or by education, raised contains a mixed population, made up of many

themselves in the social scale; and should they communities, drawn from almost every country

become earnest, consistent Christians, characof Asia, with not a few from Africa. Amongst

ter, far more than caste, will have great weight there is a small body of aboriginal Bheels, in

in their influence with others. Tbese converts number not more than 340. These men origin

have not in any way received pecuniary assistally came to the province about 1843, and

ance from the Mission.

A MOIIAMMEDAN MUFTI. were employed in the police. One of them rose steadily in the force until he became

THE CHURCII MisSubadar, and, after a

SIONARY ALMANACK long service of thirtyfour years, has now re

for 1879, now ready, tired upon an honour

contains engravings of able pension. He is

Mrs. Sattianadhan and greatly respected by his

Hindu pupils, a Mopeople, and has great

hammedan's influence amongst them. To this man, at

the desert, the catechist a somewhat advanced

Bao preaching at Ningperiod of life, it has

po, Bishop Bompas aspleased God, in His

cending Peace River, mercy, to make known

and the Henry Venn the message of salvation.

steamer on the Niger, His first drawings

with an allegorical pictowards us were

ture of the Bible and markable. He traces

the globe. Price One them to a dream which made a great impres

Penny. For Localising sion upon him. In

arrangements apply to this dream he saw the

Messrs. J. Truscott & missionary like a guru HINDU BANIANS (TRADERS).

Son, Suffolk Lane, E.C.


prayer in

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For the Use of Sunday School Teachers,

A copy of the Sketches of African Scenery, from Mr. O'Neill's sketches,

was sent by the Earl of Chichester, President of the Society, to Her Majesty IV.—THE DEBT AND THE DEBTORS.

the Queen, with a letter pointing out that the Victoria Nyanza Mission “I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise. So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach

originated in the explorations of Dr. Krapf, in whom the late Prince the Gospel to you that are at Rome also.”—Rom. i. 14, 15.

Consort manifested much interest thirty years ago. The following reply

was received from Sir T. M. Biddulph (whose death the Queen is now DEBT—what is it ? St. Paul says he was a debtor—there was a debt which it was the business of his life to pay.

mourning) : You and I owe the same. See what it is, and whether we

OSBORNE, August 6th, 1878. are paying it.

My LORD, -I have the honour to acknowledge your letter, with the volume St. Paul always paid for what he bought (1 Thess. ii. 9).

illustrative of the Nyanza Mission, with drawings by the late Mr. O'Neill, to Anxious that others should do the same (Rom. xii. 17).

be submitted to the Queen, and am desired to signify Her Majesty's gracious But other debts besides money.

acceptance of it, with the expression of her thanks to the Committee of the How ought you to treat parents ?

Church Missionary Society. Oughtmeans "owe"-you owe them love, obedience, &c. But Paul

I am, my Lord, your obedient servant, was speaking of very different people, and of a different debt.


Mr. W. C. Jones, who five years ago gave the Society £20,000 as a Paul said, “I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians.

capital fund for the support of Native evangelists in certain missions, has The Greeks were a learned, clever, polished people-called all others barbarians. The Jews called all but themselves Gentiles-looked down upon

now given a further munificent sum of £35,000, to be employed for the

extension of evangelistic work by the Native Church in India. them-did not care for them—thought, " They don't concern us.” Paul The C.M.S. China Famine Fund has exceeded £2,000. It is being a Jew, yet thought very differently-cared for Gentiles—for both Greeks administered by the Revs. W. H. Collins and W. Brereton of Peking. and barbarians-called himself their debtor. Why? Because a Christian

Another missionary has died in harness - The Rev. C. F. Schwarz, of —so knew God loved all-Christ died for all.

Nasik. He went out in 1854, and laboured for many years in the barren We are English. Other nations near us—Europeans. Beyond-far field of Junir. He succeeded Mr. Price and Mr. R. A. Squires in the off-people called Hindus, Chinese, &c.--very unlike us-don't know all

charge of the Christian settlement at Sharanpur, and died there on we know-can't do some things that we do. Some people think, “ What

August 13th, after twelve hours' illness. His death is a severe loss to the do they concern us ?" But we are their debtors.

Western India Mission in its present under-manned state. II. WHAT DO WE OWE THEM?

The Rev. W. P. Schaffter has been appointed to the Tamil Cooly Suppose in a large house all lights gone out, no matches, nothing to Mission in Ceylon, which sorely needs reinforcement, and sails imm. strike light with ; some one comes to the door with a torch_“I will give diately. The Rev. W. E. Rowlands, of Colombo, will also be transferrd you a light”-lights candle of first person he sees. What must that one to the Cooly Mission. do? Sit down comfortably to use it ? Meant, not for him only, but for The Rev. J. B. Wood has lately returned to England from Lagos, and all. Must give the rest light-owes it them.

Miss Caspari from Sierra Leone. What light given to us? (2 Cor. iv. 4.) “The light of the glorious Satisfactory letters have been received from the Rev. C. T. Wilson, Gospel of Christ.” We know about Him, have heard Gospel or good dated May 11th, from Uganda. He was well, and continued to be wil news-must send it on to those who have it not. Paul anxious to pay treated by Mtesa. He sends another letter written by Lieutenant this debt-began as soon as ever he knew the Gospel (Acts ix. 20). Smith, which he had found in a despatch box. It is dated Kagei, III. HOW MUST WE PAY THE DEBT ?

December 11th, so that his death, with Mr. O'Neill, must have taken Light must be passed on-good news told. Paul said, “I am ready

place about December 13th, instead of the 7th, as previously supposed.

These letters are published in the C.M. Intelligencer of this month. to preach the Gospel.” Would you like to go out and tell it some day? Many more missionaries wanted-heathen asking for some one to teach

The Nile party arrived safely at Berber on the Nile on July 10th, them. [Illust.-African war chief said, “Don't keep that good thing

after a most trying journey across the desert from Suakim. Thence they you have got away from us.”—GLEANER, Oct., 1877.]

proceeded southwards to Khartoum, which they reached on August 9th, But you can help even if you can't go-help now. Paul speaks of

and soon afterwards again started for Uganda. “helping by prayer” (2 Cor. i. 11)--continually asked his friends to

The Alexandra Boarding-school for Girls at Amritsar approaches compray for him and his work (Eph. vi. 18, 19; Col. iv. 3; 1 Thess. v. 25;

pletion. A gift of £1,000 towards the building fund from Mr. W. C. Jones 2 Thess. iii. 1). Missionaries ask the same now. Some can give a little.

has greatly encouraged the Rev. R. Clark, but £1,000 is still needed to Some can talk about the missionaries and their work, and interest others

finish the work. The Rev. F. H. Baring has founded a Boarding-school in it. [Illust.-Inscription on a child's grave—“When I am a man, I

for Boys at Batala, an out-station thirty miles from Amritsar. will be a missionary, and if I die before I am a man, put it on my tomb,

The Rev. Ruttonji Nowroji, of Aurungabad, lately lost his wife, an that some one may read it and go out instead of me.”] Are you ready

exemplary Christian woman. Mr. Ruttonji is highly and universally to do something to pay the debt?

respected, and the funeral service was read by the commanding officer of the military station.

Frere Town was visited in September by Bishop Royston of Mauritius, THE MISSIONARY BOX IN THE VISITORS' ROOM. who sends a most deeply interesting and encouraging account of the

. DEAR SIR,-As an old friend of the Society, allow me to express my A letter from Bishop Bompas, dated Portage la Loche, June 19th, deep sense of the value of the excellent suggestion, made in the July announces his return from his visit to British Columbia, described in GLEANER, under the heading, “A good place for a missionary-box.” our August number. The Athabasca and Mackenzie districts have been

In the course of a rather wide experience, I have never yet met with suffering from great scarcity, and some of the Hudson's Bay Co.'s agents, a missionary-box placed in the visitors' bed-room, and the idea never as well as the Indians, had to feed on furs and skins. presented itself to my own mind.

While in Japan in June last, Bishop Burdon confirmed fifteen C.M.S. On seeing your July number, however, I at once thankfully accepted converts at Nagasaki and sixteen at Osaka. the suggestion, and have placed a box in our visitors' room, having The offertories in the chapel of the C.M.S. Divinity College at Labore previously prepared it for its special object in the following manner :- have been lately given to the poor converts in Fuh-kien.

Over the whole top of the box I pasted a piece of white note-paper, on Five years ago, a Native catechist of the C.V.S. at Bombay named which was written at the top,“ Thank-offerings for journeying mercies ;” | Daoud Mokham, a convert from Mohammedanism, was stabbed in the and underneath a part of those verses (Genesis xxviii. 20—22) containing street by a fanatical Mussulman, and severely wounded. From that time Jacob's vow, viz., " If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way he has been a frequent sufferer, and the wound has at length caused his that I go, of all that Thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth death. The Rev. J. G. Deimler writes of him, “He was associated with unto Thee.”

me for about twelve years, and proved to be a man of much common I have added this portion of Scripture, in the hope that the box may sense, a true Christian, a faithful labourer, a valuable preacher to Mussulnot only serve to remind our visitors of the great duty of helping to mans, a patient sufferer, and a sincere brother in Christ." send to the heathen the blessed Gospel of the grace of God, but that it The maps and drawings illustrating Lieutenant Smith's survey of the may also remind them, on reading the text, that we are all stewards of south coast of the Victoria Nyanza, including Speke Gulf, Jordan's the Lord's bounty, and ought therefore to set apart a fixed portion of our Nullah, and the rivers Shimeyu and Ruwana, prepared by Mr. O'Neill, income each year for His service. If all professing Christians would and sent home just before their death, were photo-lithographed on three adopt this plan, what a vast increase we might look for in the annual large sheets, which were inserted in the C.M. Intelligencer for September incomes of our religious societies !

E. D. S. last, accompanied by Lieutenant Smith's journal of his explorations.




is the dark age


Protestant Christendom was a long way behind the Jesuits in BY THE REV. G. EVERARD, Vicar of St. Mark's, Wolverhampton.

beginning its missionary operations in what were then called

the East Indies. Francis Xavier was at work there while XI.—THE GREAT REWARD.

the Reformation in England was even yet trembling in the “Where I am, there shall also My servant be.”John xii. 26. balance; and English Christians allowed more than a century to

0 I serve the Lord Jesus? Do I sincerely love and pass away from the first settlement of their adventurous merfollow Him ? Do I deny myself and take up my

cantile fellow-countrymen at Surat in 1611, before they moved cross daily as He hath bidden me ? Do I live for

a finger for the evangelisation of India. The honour of taking Him and work diligently in His vineyard ? Then the first step belongs to the Danes, two missionaries being sent I may claim this promise as my own.

I may take

in 1706, by King Frederick IV. of Denmark, to Tranquebar, a it in all its breadth and fulness : “ If any man serve Me, let him

Danish settlement. The S.P.G., which had been founded five follow Me ; and where I am, there also shall My servant be: if years before that for work in the colonies, gave a small grant of any man serve Me, him will My Father honour.

money and books to this Mission, and subsequently the S.P.C.K. To have Christ with me now, to taste His love, to know that opened a special fund in aid of it, to which, even in those days He is by my very side, brings strength and comfort and joy; it of apathy, many of all ranks of society contributed. The latter lightens every sorrow and sweetens every hour of earthly happi- society, in 1780, began a regular Mission in South India, which

it carried on for nearly a hundred years (until its transfer to I fear no foe with Thee at hand to bless,

the S.P.G. in 1828), the missionaries being all Lutherans from Ills have no weight, and tears no bitterness :

Germany or Denmark, of whom C. F. Schwartz was the most Where is death's sting? where, grave, thy victory?

eminent. Kiernander and others were also sent to Calcutta. I triumph still, if Thou abide with me.

Few indeed among the British civilians and soldiers in India But to be with Christ in His glory is an end of all sorrow, and in those days lived Christian lives; but at least they in no way the substance of all bliss. Every tear dried, every temptation opposed the missionaries. This tolerant spirit, however, did past, every trouble gone, every sin conquered—long forgotten not last. Towards the end of last century,

(as prayers abundantly answered. Seed sown in tears found in a Mr. Vaughan justly calls it) ensued; the "reign of official glorious harvest, efforts apparently made in vain now manifested cowardice and anti-Christian bitterness” began. In 1793, an as having results blessed beyond all possible anticipation—all East Indian Director stated publicly " that were 100,000 natives this and far more is wrapped in this word of promise.

converted, he should hold it the greatest calamity that could But the best of all is nearness to the Saviour Himself. "I befall India. The establishment of the Bishopric of Calcutta will receive you unto Myself ; that where I am there ye may be was opposed on the ground that, were " so wild a scheme' also " (John xiv. 3). I can tell but little now what this joy carried out, “our empire would not be worth a day's purchase.” shall bè. To see Christ face to face, to know His love and to be All missionary work was strictly forbidden, and missionaries able to love Him as I never have loved on earth, to dwell under were not allowed to enter the country. Carey could only get His shadow with far greater delight than I could when in the into Bengal by becoming superintendent of an indigo factory, flesh, to serve Him with new powers, and without weariness or and it was while serving in that capacity that he translated the painful toil, and to spend the ages to come in extolling the whole New Testament into Bengali. Other intrepid labourers exceeding riches of His grace—this will be enough, and more than were compelled to find a footing in the Dutch and Danish enough, to fill the soul with eternal gladness.

settlements. Henry Martyn and other faithful pioneers were In prospect of all this let each believer abidé in faithful labour, chaplains for the British troops, and could only go to the Hindus, and bear patiently whatever loss or affliction may arise : “For so to speak, incidentally. It is not to be wondered at that our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a during this wintry period the young plants which Schwartz far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory; while we look and Jænicke and Kiernander had tended found no sustenance not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not and withered away. A small remnant in South India alone seen : for the things which are seen are temporal; but the survived it. things which are not seen are eternal ” (2 Cor. iv. 17, 18).

At length spring returned. On the revival of the East India Company's charter in 1813, Wilberforce and his friends in

Parliament, after a strenuous conflict, secured the adoption of a THE TRIDENT, THE CRESCENT, AND THE CROSS. clause which gave full liberty to Christian missionaries; and in Gleanings from Vaughan's Religious History of India. 1816 the first English clergyman who ever went to India to

preach the Gospel to the heathen, the Rev. W. Greenwood, was IX.-TAE CHRISTIAN ERA.-AGGRESSIVE EFFORTS.

sent out by the Church Missionary Society. AVING taken our readers rapidly through Mr. Gradually, by one agency or another, mission stations were

Vaughan's The Trident, the Crescent, and the Cross, established in almost every part of India. Although the Governnoticing the primitive religion of the Hindu race, ment has stood entirely aloof officially, very many of the best the idolatry and superstition into which it degene- and ablest of its servants, civil and military, have taken an

rated, the influence and effects of caste, the rise active share in the extension of the work. Most of the C.M.S. and fall of Buddhism in India, the Mohammedan invasion, the stations, particularly in the north, have been opened at the vain attempts of Hinduism to reform itself, and lastly the earnest request of British officers on the spot, backed by large “dissolving agencies” now at work upon it in the shape of donations and active personal efforts. The advance has been western education and science, we must not take leave of the great in the last five-and-twenty years. In 1852 the C.M.S. book without briefly referring to its closing chapters, on the had 70 missionaries (clerical and lay) in India ; it now has 134. aggressive efforts of the Church of Christ to spread the Gospel in Then there were 13 Native clergy and 768 Native lay agents India.

connected with it; now the figures are 95 and 1,717. Then

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